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Full text of "The parliamentary or constitutional history of England; being a faithful account of all the most remarkable transactions in Parliament, from the earliest times. Collected from the Journals of both Houses, the records, original manuscripts, scarce speeches, and tracts; all compared withthe several contemporary writers, and connected, throughout, with the history of the times. By several hands .."

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O  R 

Hiftoryof  England] 

Being  2. 


Of  all  the 

Mofl    remarkable    Transaction 

In    PaRLI  AMEN  T, 

From    the    carlieft    Times, 

TO    TH  E 

Reftoration  of  King  Charles  II, 

From  die  Journals  of  both  Houses,  the  Records, 
original  Manuscripts,  fcarce  Speeches,  and 
Tracts;  all  compared  with  the  feveral  Cocem- 
porary  Writers,  and  connedtcd,  throughout,  with 
the  Hiftory  of  the  Times. 

By  Several  Hands. 

Vol.  V.  fl 

From  the  Acccfiion  of  King  James  I.  to  the 
Twcnty-firfl  Year  of  his  Reign, 

Printed  •,  and  fold  by  Thomas  OJhorne^  in  Grafs  h 


WdUam  Unih;^^  againft  St.I>mftan^jCburch,Fkit-fintS, 



Parliamentarv  history 


O    F        ' 


F  T  H  R  the  Death  of  the  IaftTheAc«i!iooof 
Queen,  Jam£i  ting  of  S«(/^3ffi/,  *^S  Jwaej  I. 
the  Sixth  of  that  Name,  fucceeded 
to  the  EngHjh  Crown.  In  this 
Prince  did  ccuter  all  the  Hereditary 
Titles  th-.u  were  ever  made  to  that 
Diadem  i  and*  it  is  obfervabte  that  this  Claim  was 
contrary  lo  an  Ad  of  Parhament,  which  im- 
powcr'd  King //i?«r)' VIII.  in  Failure  of  all  his  own 
Ifluc,  to  fettle  the  Crown  on  whom  he  pleafed  by 
his  laft  Will  {a).  In  I'urfuancc  of  which  he  be- 
queathed it  to  the  Iflue  of  his  younger  Sifter  Maryy 
the  French  Queen,  afrerwards  married  to  Charles 
Brandm,  Dukeof  5ft^/i.  Q^t^n  E}iz,obeth  might 
therefore  have  fixed  the  SuccelTion,  no  Doubt, 
exclufivc  of  tlie  Stouh  Line;  but  (he  waa  too 
nift  a  Princeft  to  do,  or  fuffcr  it  to  be  done: 
Nor  did  the  Suffolk  Family  ever  think  fit  to 
makeany  Siir  about  their  Claim.  Indeed,  it  would 
have  given  a  much  deeper  ^tain  to  ibe  greateft 
Vol,  V.  A  Blc- 

(•}  Set  Vol.  ].  p.  19(. 

a      7he  Parliamentary  HisTOUt 

An.  I.  j*m«  I.  Blemifli  of  the  late  Reign ;  not  only  to  deftroy  the 
1603.       Mother,  but  difinherit  her  whole  Pofterity.    On 

the  contrary,  by  her  dying  Words,  (he  left 
her  Kingdom  to  her  neareft  Kinfman  James ; 
and,  on  her  Demife,  be  was  immediately  pro- 
claim'd  King  of  England,  Scotiand,  isfc.  with  the 
ulual  Ceremonies* 

The  new  King  made  his  Progrcfe  from  one  Ca- 
pital to  the  other,  with  all  convenient  Expedition ; 
and,  on  the  25th  of  Jufy,  St.  Jamefs  Day,  Jnna 
1603,  this  King  and  his  Queen,  yfnne  of  Denmariy 
were  crowned  at  Wejiminflery  with  great  Solemnity. 

To  leflen  the  jfoy  that  might  then  be  felt  by 
both  the  ScGtch  and  Englijh  Nations  on  this  happy 
Union,  a  dreadful  Plague  broke  out  in  London  this 
Year;  which,  in  a  fliort  Space,  carried  off  from 
that  City  and  its  Confines,  above  Thirty  Thou- 
fand  People.  This  inteflious  Diftemper  prevented 
the  King  and  Council  in  their  Intentions  of  calling 
a  Parliament,  To  foon  as  it  was  ufual  on  a  new  Ac- 
ceflion ;  and,  it  was  not  till  the  Beginning  of  the 
next  Year  that  the  Writs  were  fent  out  for  fum- 
moning  one  to  meet  at  TVifiminJler^  on  the  igih 
of  March,  Hill  in  the  firft  Year  of  this  Retga. 
But,  at  the  fame  Time,  a  Proclamation  came  out, 
the  Houfeof  Commons,  which  though  unufual,  pre- 
fcribps  a  Method,  which  we  think  not  unworthy  of 
being  followed  in  this,  orany  fucceeding Parliament. 

Mr.  Rapin  tells  us,  (b)  That  this  King  openly 
avowed,  *  That  the  Privileges  of  this  Nation  and 
Parliament  were  fo  many  Ufurpations,  or  at  belt, 
but  revocable  Conceflions  of  the  Crown  j  and  that 
he  h:id  formed  a  Defign,  to  free  both  himfelf  and 
Succellur?,  from  the  Reftraint  which  the  Laws, 
Cuitoms  and  Privileges  of  the  EngKJh  Nation  had 
lai  1  upon  his  Pretleceil'ors.  In  the  firft  Parliament 
he  calh^d,  he  talccfi  upon  him  to  preteribe  what  Sort 
of  iViembcrs  (hould  be  elefted,  both  in  the  Writs 
and  in  t!ie  Proclamation  ;  not  by  way  of  Exhor- 
tation, as  fortner  Kings  had  done,   but  by  way  of 


{b)  Rafin'a  Hift.  of  Ea^iaiiJ,  Vol.  IL  p.  163.  FoL  Edit, 

,.,-,,  i^a>Af^ 

I.  hmi 

Command,  and  as  Conditions  without  which  they  ^n.  i.  jimw  l 
fliould  not  be  admitted  into  the  Houfc' 

The  Whole  of  this  Aflertion  is  borrowed  from 
a  Work  entitled,  A  Dete£im  of  ik  Court  and 
Stale  ef  England,  during  the  Jour  left  Reigns  and 
the  Tnter-Regnum,  by  Rsg£r  Cokc^  Efq;  [c]  This 
Author  goes  further  than  even  Rapin  thinks  fit  lo 
copy;  for  he  boldly  tells  us,  '  That  there  never 
Tvas  fuch  a  Prelude  to  the  Meeting  of  a  Parliament, 
by  any  of  the  Kings  of  England^  either  of  Saxm^ 
Danij}}^  Ncrman^  or  Britijb  Race.*  Tliefc  Parlia- 
mentary Enquiries  do  prove  this  to  be  falfe;  by 
feveral  Inftanccs  of  Inftruftions,  for  inflaencing 
Elections  before  this  Time,  much  more  open  than 
ihb  before  us.  Particularly,  fo  late  as  the  Reign 
of  King  Edward  VI.  when,  befides  Inftruflions 
for  chafing  a  new  Parliament,  the  King  fcnt  Let- 
ters to  the  Sheriffr,  and  a^ually  named  the  very 
Men  they  were  to  eteft  (d). 

To  pro«  Cffjf/a  Aflertion,  that  Author  hath 
given  us  a  Oiort  Ahflrait,  from  a  long  Proclama- 
tion for  calling  this  Parliament;  but,  how  unfairly 
quoted,  will  beil  be  fcen  by  publifhing  the  Whole 
of  it  from  the  CoIIe^hn  of  Public  A^s.  From 
whence,  it  will  plainly  appear  to  every  impartial 
Reader,  that  it  contains  nothing  but  wholfome 
Admonitions  to  the  People  of  England,  to  eleft 
fuch  Members  as  were  moft  likely  to  fcrvc  theni. 
It  is  wel!  known  that  one  Paragraph  pick'd  out  of 
a  Book,  or  other  Wiiring,  may  be  much  prevari- 
cated; like  feveral  Texts  ot  Scripture,  which, 
without  the  Context,  miy  he  turned  into  Blafphe- 
my.  But,  we  fubmit  the  whole  to  the  Reader's 
Judgment,  in  if*  own  I.anguage  and  Orthogra- 
I^y  ;  obfcrving  that  the  Pan  Cole  and  Rapi/i  only 
make  ufe  of,  is  particularly  marked  in  fralirsy  lo 
fliew  the  Integrity  of  thofc  Hiftorians, 


A    2 


[t)  Three  Voli.  Svo.  I.«  Voi,  iCr4.  Vol,  I.  ji.  34. 
(d)  Sk  lh«  Lmcn  Mandntory  of  Eixeeri  Vi.  and  ^UfJ,  In 
«ur  Thifd  Vol.  p.  2(5,  And  3 11 . 

The  fCing'sPro- 

WEE  have  before  this  Tyme  made 
*  known  to  our  Subjefls  uppondy vers 
Ot.calions,  that  we  have  received  fo  great  Con- 
tentment in  their  generail  Conformity  and  Sub- 
'  million  to  all  lUch  Courfes  as  might  bell  eftablifh 
'  the  PoUclBon  of  ihis  Ctowne,  according  to  the 

*  Right  of  our  Succeffiont  a5  it  would  ever  nou^ 
'  rifh  in  as  an  earnelt  Dcfire  to  (hew  our  felves 
'  carefirll  in  ali  Thir^  to  preferve  their  greateft 
'  Affection  and  to  anfwere  that  Expedlation, 
'  which  by  their  joyfuU  Maner  of  Receaving  Us 
'  Wee  pcrceave  they  had  conceaved  of  our  Go- 

*  vernment»   whereof  as  We  well  knowe  that 

*  Princes  cannot  yietd  more  generail  more  cleare 
'  or  profiiiiblc  Proof  to  their  People,  then  by  re- 

*  drcfliiig  Abufes  wherewith  they  fynde  iheir  Sub- 
"  jeiJIs  juftlie  giieved,  either  in  Conftitulion  or 

*  Adminiftialton  of  their  Laws  in  bceing,  or  by 
'  fceking  to  cllabliiTi  newe  Laws  for  them  agrec- 

*  able  to  ihe  Rules  oi  Juftice,  whenfoever'I'yme 
'  doth  difcoverany  Defedles  in  the  former  Policy, 
^  or  when  Accidents  in  ihe  State  of  any  Com- 

*  monweallh  requier  newe  Ordinaucces  i  fo 
'  fecyng  both  thcfc  Things,  which  arc  of  foe 
'  greaie  Moment  in  a  State,  have  accullomed  to 
'  be  confidered  and  ordered,  as  in  this  foe  in  other 

*  well  governed  Commonwealthes  by  a  law  full  Af- 

*  fcmblie  of  the  three  Eflates  of  ihe  Realme,  com- 

*  monly  called  the  Parhament,  wee  were  defirous 
'  to  have  lummoneJ  them  longrince  for  that  Pur- 

*  pofc,  tf  tlie  Infeftion,  reygning  in  the  Ciiic  of 
'  y.aH(^/!!«  ^nd  other  Places  of  our  Kingdome  would 

*  have  permitted  the  Concouife  of  foe  great   2 

*  JMuUitudc   into   one  Place  as   that  Allcmblie 

*  mull  neceflarilie  brynge  with  it  -,  which  great 

*  Contagion  being  nowc,  by  the  Goodncsof  God, 

*  aiaitd,  and  hkclieas  We  hope,  to  be  Shortly  quite 
'  extirguiOicd  in   and  about  the  U\d  Ciiie,  Wc 

'  have 

(ej  RjiKtr't  FaJ*ra,  Tor.  Xyi-  P.   S6l» 


'  have  refolved  to  hold  a  Pariiament  at  our  Citie  An.  i.  jimni- 

*  of  IVtftminjier^  as  foon  as  Wc  (hall  find  that  the        «*°J' 
'  fame  may  be  done  wiihoul  the  Perill  aforcfaid  j 

'  in  which,  as  God  knows  that  We  have  nothing 
'  to  propound   for  Saiisfa^Sion  of   any   private 

*  Defter  or  particular  Profit  of  our  own,  but 
'  meerly  and  only  to  confulc  and  rcfolve  with 
'  our  loving  Subjects  of  all  ihofc  Things  wiiich 
'  may  bcft  eftabliOi  the  Publicke  Good,  with  the 
'  General!  Safety  and  Tr.-\nquili:y  of  this  Realme, 
'  on  which  it  had  pleafcd  God  to  multiply  foe 
'  many  BlclBngsj  fo  to  the  Intei^t  that  tlirs  Af- 
'  femblie  of  oure  Parliament,  being  grounded  up- 

*  pen  foe  fyncere  an  Intent  on  oure  Parte,  may 
^  be  matched  witii  a  like  Integryiie  on  theirs,  and 
^  as  it  is  the  firft  in  our  Reigne,  fo  to  be  founde 
^  not  only  worthy  of  the  high  Title  it  bcareth  to 
'  be  the  higheft  Councell  of  the  Kingdome,  but 
'  alfo  to  be  a  Prefident  for  hereafter  of  the  true 
'  Ufe  of  Parliaments,  Wee  have  bethought  our 
'  felfe  of  as  many  Waies  and  Meanea  as  may  be, 
'  to  prevent  thofe  Inconveniences,  which  daylie 

*  rife  and  multiply  by  the  perverting  of  ihofe 
'  auncient  good  Orders  which  weredevifed,  by  the 
'  Wifdome  of  former  Times,  to  be  obfervcd  in 
'•  Callijig  of  Parliaments  i  Amongft   which,  fae- 

caufe  there  is  no  one  Poynte  of  greater  Confe- 
qucnce  then  the  well  chofyng  of  Knightes  and 
BargelTcs,  whoe  as  they  doe  prefent  the  Bodie 
of  the  ihirdc  Eftalc  \  foe,  being  eligible  by  Mul- 
titude, there  are  often  many  unfitt  Perfons  ap- 
■  poyntcd  for  that  Service,  and  where  it  is  foe 
well  knowne  to  every  private  Man  of  Wit  and 
Judgment,  much  more  to  Us  who  have  had  foe 
longc  Experience  of  Kingly  Government,  how 
ill  Effedles  doe  followe,  when  fuch  as  have  to 
doc  in  Matters  of  Commonwealth  fhall  come 
10  that  greate  and  Common  Councell,  with  o- 
(hcrs  then  publick  Myndes,  finccrc,  and  voide  of 
any  tadious  Kumor  or  Dependency.* 
*  Wee  doc  hereby  ftraightly  charge  and  ad- 
jnoniQi  all  Perfons  inlerellcd  in  the  Choice  of 
A  3  •  Knighta 

6       The  Tarliamentary  Histor  t 

An.  1. 


Knig^tcs  for  the  Shires,  firft.  That  the  Knights 
for  ihe  County  be  feletteH  oute  of  ihe  principall 
Kiiightes  or  Genilemcn  cf  fufficjent  Habiluy 
within  that  County  wherein  ;hey  are  chofen  ; 
and  for  the  Burgclles  that  Choice  be  made  of 
Men  of  Sufficiency  and  Difcretion,  without  any 
partbllRefpcfts  or  factious  Combynation,  which 
alwaies  brecdeSufpidons  that  more  C;ire  is  ta- 
ken to  compafle  private  Endcs  then  lo  provide 
for  making  good  and  wholefomc  Laws  for  the 
Realme  ;  and  becaufi2  it  is  noe  more  pofTibk  to 
drawe  foundeCouticelles  and  Relblutions  from 
inconfiderate  or  infufficient  Spirites,  then  to  have 
a  founde  or  healthmll  Bodie  compofcd  of  weak 
and  JmperfciJt  Members ;  Wee  foe  liiccwife  ad- 
monyflic  all  Perfons  lo  whomc  it  doih  appcr- 
teync,  that  fceyng  ;he  Dealynge  in  Caules  of 
Parliament  requires  Converiency  of  Years  and 
Experience,  there  may  be  great  Heed  taken,  by 
all  thofe  that  will  be  atcompted  Lovers  of  their 
Countrie,  that  both  Knigntes  and  Burgelies 
may  be  chofen  accordingly,  without  Defier  in 
any  particular  Men  to  plcafe  Patents  or  Friends 
that  often  (peak  for  their  Children  or  Kyn, 
though  they  be  very  young  and  little  hable  to 
difccrne  what  Laws  are  fyt  to  bynde  a  Com- 
monwealth i  To  the  Confulraiion  whereof 
thofe  Perfons  fhould  be  felcLiled  Principal  lie,  of 
whofe  Gravity  and  modeft  Converfation  Men 
arc  likeft  generally  to  conteave  bell  Opynion. 
Next  :ind  above  all  7'hingcs  confidcryng,  that 
one  of  the  mayne  Pillers  of  this  Eftate  is  the 
Prcfervation  of  Unity  in  the  Proieflion  of  fin- 
cere  Reltyon  of  Almighty  God,  Wee  doe  alfo 
admonyfhe  thjt  there  be  great  Care  taken  to 
avoyde  the  Choice  of  any  Perions,  either  noted 
for  their  fuperftiiious  Blyndncl's  one  Way,  or  for 
their  turbulent  Humours  other  Waies,  becaufe 
their  difordcriy  and  unquieie  Spirilcs  will  dif- 
turbc  ail  the  dilcrceie  and  modeft  Proceeding  in 
that  gteateft  aud  gravefl  Councell.' 

O/-  E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 

*  Further  Wee  doe  commaunde  that  an  ex-An.i.  Jamesl. 
prelfe  Care  be  had  that  there  be  not  chol'en  any       '^'" 
Perfons  Banquerupies  or  outelaweJ,   biii  Men 

of  known  good  Behaviour  and  fufficient  Liveli- 
hood, and  Juch  as  are  rot  ouely  taxed  lo  the 
Paynfient  of  Subfidies  and  other  like  Cliarges, 
but  alio  have  ordinarily  paid  and  fausfied  the 
fame,  nothing  being  more  ;^>furd  jn  any  Cora- 
moDweaUh  then  to  perir.ytt  thole  to  have  free 
Voyces  for  Law  making,  by  wJiOif  t-wnc  Adtcs 
ihey  are  exempted  from  the  Law's  Protection. 
Kext  that  all  Sheriffes  be  charged  that  they 
doe  not  diretit  an>  Precept  for  ele^yng  and  re- 
turning of  any  BurE;,eireb  to  or  for  any  auncient 
Borrough  Town  within  their  Counties,  beyng 
foe  utterly  ruyncd  and  decay-d  ihar  there  arc  not 
fufficient  Reiyantes  to  make  luch  Clioice,  and  of 
whomc  lawtiiU  Eicttion  may  be  m.Kie  j  alfo  to 
charge  all  Cities  and  Boroughes  and  liie  Jnhabi- 
lantes  of  ihe  lame,  that  none  of  them  feale  any 
BI^nkes»  referryng  or  leaving  to  any  oiher  to 
infert  the  Names  of  any  Citizens  or  Burgeiles 
to  (ervc  for  any  fuch  Cittie  or  Borough,  bur  doe 
make  open  and  free  Eleftion  according  to  che 
Lawe,  and  fett  down  the  Names  of  the  Periuns 
whom  ihey  choofe  before  they  fealc  the  Cer- 
tificate :  * 

*  Furthermore,  Tf^ss  mt'tfyt  hy  thefi  Prefentis^ 
that  all  Retarnei  and  Certficstes  of  Kn.ghtes 
CUizins  and  Burgejfes  oughti  and  are  to  b( 
brought  to  t})€  Chauncery,  and  there  is  be  fykd  of 
Ret9rd  j  and  if  any  Jball  be  feunde  to  be  maae 
fcntrarie  to  tkh  Proclamation,  the  fame  />  to  be 
rej(£ftd  as  tinlawfuU  and  infuffinent^  and  the 
CUtie  or  Borough  to  be  fyned  for  the  fame  ;  and 
ij  it  befounde  that  they  have  mnmytted  any  gr^fje 
or  wilJuH  Default  and  Contempt  in  their  Elelim 
Racrne  or  Certifeate,  that  then  their  Liberties^ 
aetcrding  to  the  /.awtf  are  fs  be  feized  into  sure 
Hsndii  at  forfeited  \  and  if  any  Per/on  take 
upfn  him  the  Place  of  a  Knight,  Citizen  or  Bur- 
^ejji^nst  biittg  duely  EidgdyRetm  nsd  andSwarne^ 

•  at- 

8      The  Tarliamentary  Histort 

An,  I.  Tame*  I.*  oaording  to  the  taws  and  Statutsi  in  that  Be- 

J603.       "  halfe  provided^  and  according  to  the  Purport,  £/• 

'  feh  and  trus  Meanhg  sf  this  mre  Prochmaticn  j 

'  thiti  every  Perfon  foe  o^ending^  te  be  fyned  and 

*  imprifoned  f6r  thejbme.'' 

*  Wee  doc  alfo  hereby  give  warning  to  the 
'  Lordes  and  ochers  that  are  to  fervein  this  Par- 

*  liament,  to  have  Jpeciali  Care,  as  ibey  lender 
'  our  Difpleafure,  thar  they  admJ^t  none  to  have 
'  the  Name  or  Countenance  of  their  Servaunts 

*  and  Alterdantes  during  the  Parliament,  thereby 

*  to  be  priviledged»  feying  fuch  Queftions  of  Pri- 

*  ledges  have  In  Tymes  part  confumed  a  great 
'  Part  of  the  Tyme  appointed  for  the  Parhament, 

*  whereby  the  Service  for  the  Rea!me  hath  bene  , 

*  hyndered,  and  the  Subjefla  drawnc   to    greaE 

*  Charges  and  Expences  by  attendyng  much 
'  longer  than  otherwife  needed,  * 

*  Having  at  this  l^yme  bene  the  more  careful! 
'  to  fet  downe  a  particular  Order  and  Forewar- 
'  nyng  for  preventing  of  thele  feverall  Abufes 
'  afore-mentioned,  that  thereby  there  may  arife, 

*  at  that  publick  and  folemne  Meeting,  fuch  a 

*  comely  Proportion  and  laudable  Sympathie  bc- 
■*  twecn  the  honourable,  jufte  and  neceflarie  Lavfes 

*  that  are  to   he  made   and   cftablifhed  at  this 

*  P.irliament,  and  the  commendable  Drfcretion, 
«  with  all  other  wife  and  vertuous  Qualities)  meete 

*  for  fuch  Perfons  as   are  to    be   the  Members 

*  and  Affifters  of  Us  in  foe  honorable,  Uwfult 
'  and  neceflarie  an  Adtion,  as  may  put  us  and 

*  all  our  good  Subjefts  in  a  fuer  Expe6tetion  of 
'  a  happie  Illue  to  followe  thereuppon  ;  Wee 
'  doubt  not  bu:  thefe  our  Diredlions,  thus  made 
'  manifeft,  (hall  be  duely  oDierved  accordyng  to 
'  the  important  Confequence   thereof,  and  ihe 

*  Perill  of  cure  heavye  Difpleafure  to  all  thole 

*  that  fliall  offende  in  the  contraric.  * 

Given  at  cur  Honour  at  Hamptm  Ceurte^ 
ihe  Eleicnthe  Day  of  JanuarU^ 


Per  ipfum  Regem, 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 

It  maft  be  owned  by  every  impartial  Reader,  ad.  i.  jimwl 
that  thefe  were  noble  Injunftions,  and,  if  rightly  jtoj. 
followed,  will  always  be  the  Means  lo  have  a  free 
and  independent  Parliament.  What  Succefs  they 
had  in  the  Choice  of  the  Members,  then  clefted  by 
the  Writs  fent  out  along  with  the  Proclamation, 
will  belt  appear  by  their  Condudl  in  ibc  Sequel. 
We  have  recovered  from  a  Manuiciipt  of  the  ume 
Age,  the  Names  of  all  the  Members  of  the  Houfe 
of  Commons  who  fai  in  this  Parliament :  And, 
as  it  hath  hitherto  been  cuftomary  for  us  to  give 
the  Slate  of  the  Peerage,  at  the  Beginning  of  eve- 
ry Reign ;  fo  here  we  think  proper  to  fubjoin  to  it 
the  Names  of  all  thofe  Gentlemen,  who  then  con- 
ilituted  the  Lower  Houfe  of  Parliament. 

The  Names  and  Titles  of  all  the  temporal  tcrJSf 
eafUJ,  by  fP9it,  to  the  Jirji  Parliament  of  King 
James  J.  (f) 

The  firft  Writ  was  dire<5led  to  Sir  Thomas  Eger- 
tony  Knt.  Lord  Ellefmei-ty  a  little  Time  before, 
mads  Lord  High-Chancellor  of  England,  {g) 

J  HO  MAS,  Earl  of 
Darfety  Lord  High- 

Wilkam^  Marq.  of  IV\h- 
ehefler.  Lord  Great- 

E^ardt  E.  of  W^ruf- 
tttj  EarUMarfhal. 

Cl-arleSjE .  o  {Notthigbamy 
Lord  High-Admiral, 
and  Hrgh-Steward. 
'bsmas^  E.  of  Suffaiiy 
Chamberlain  of  the 

ileniy^  E,  of  Nerthum- 

Gilbertj'E, o( Skrewsbury. Sate  eS  thqJ 

iniliam,  E.  of  DerJy.    Pcmse. 

Henry,  £.  of  Keut. 

Rigger,  E.  of  Rutland. 

George,  E.  of  Cumber- 

Robert,  E.  of  Sujfex, 

George^  E.  of  Hunting- 

Wii'dam,  E.  of  Bath. 

Henry,  E.  oi  Southampton. 

Edivard,  E.  of  Bedford. 

IFidiam,  E.  ol  Pembroke* 

Henry,  £.  of  Lincoln. 

Charles,  E.  of  Devon. 

Hen.  E.  of  Northampton, 

(/)  DvgiaWt  Simnnmi  tp  Parlitmni  i But  ihc  Liil  there 

beini  very  faulty,  the  Eiron  »'«  correflud  by  the  Ln-J'i  y^urnjis. 
ft)  The  Head  of  the  BriJgtivaUr  FahiUj, In  Lx^daWt  Sa- 

ren^S^f  Vol,  II,  ht  h  cjOltd  LiXd-Keepcr, 

ne  Tarliamefttary  HisTort 

Att.  I.  James  L  Tbemas^  E.  of  Exeter. 
'^^*        Philip,    E.  of  Montga- 

Thomas^  E.  of  Amnisl. 
Anthcfif,  ViTc.  Montague. 
Thmaii  Vifc.  Hinvard, 

of  Byndon. 
GtorggTuchetyY..  Audley. 
Edward  Zoucbi  L.  Zmch, 
tbcrnat  /f'5/?,  L.  i);/d- 

H-fnO'  ^f^^^h  L-  Berkley. 
Edward  Parkery  L.  jl/ijr- 

/<)•.   . 
EdwardStafordyL.  Staf- 

Tmmaiy    L.    5f /■;)/#  of 

Edward  Sut tan,  h.Dud- 

yshn  Lumliy^  L.  Lumley. 
Edtvard    S  tour t  Oft,    jl. 

Henry,  L.  Herkert,  el- 
deft  Son  to  the  Earl  of 

John  Darde,  L.  Dariie, 

of  Meneli. 
WtUiam  Parker,  L.  ^Wj/!- 

/f^/if,    eldeft   Son    to 

L.  Morky. 
JVillxam^  L.  Sandyi,  of 

Henry^  L.  J^nd/or. 
Henryy  I,.  Mordaunt. 
Edward^  L.  CromiveL 
Ralph,  h-   Evert 
Phiiipy    L.    JVi>artcn  of 

Robert,  L.   /2;V/^^ 

TAo.  C«;7,  L.  Surghley. 
Charies,  L.  IViUmghby, 

of  Parham. 
Ednmd,  L.  S/jf^*-/^. 
Thomas,  L.  Darde^   of 

IViUiam,  L.  Hsward,  of 
E£ingham,  eldeft  Son 
to  the  E.  of  Notting- 

JViUiamy  L.  Chandois^ 
of  Sudeley. 

Jshn  Caryt^  L.  Hunfdsn. 

Oiivtr,  L.  5?  ycAf!,  of 

IVtUlam,  L.  Contptin. 

Erancii,   Lr  Nffrris,   of 

Robert,  L.  Cm//,  of 
Ejfingdon^  Principal- 
Secretary  of  State, 

Rabertt  L.  Sidney,  of 

JVHUam,  L.  Knffltys,  of 

Edward,  L.  JVottm,  of 

Francis,    L.    i2ij^/,    of 

Henry,  L.  Gr^y,  of  <?r5/^;f. 
jshn,  L.  Harrington,  of 

Hmry,  L.  Danven,  of 

Thsmai,  L,  Gtrard,  of 

Gerartfs  Bromley. 
Robert,   L,  Spenfer,    of 

Richard  Fynes,    I..    5j)» 

and  Sf/f. 

0/ENGLANa       II 


Jokftf    L.    Stanbife,    of 

Thtmas,  L.  Arundel^  of 

fP^tUiafn,  h.  CavendiJ}}, 

of  Hardwiik. 
Francis^   L.  Norths  of 

Eiwardy  L.  Neo'ik,  of 


Theipbikst  L.  Hffward,  ^tu  u  Juxi  l. 

of  /^tfWffl,  elddl  Son       «^3. 

to  the  E.  of  SufffiJk, 
Edward,  L.  Denneyy  of 

George,   L.  Canu'f  of 

Thomas,  L«  Clintcft  of 
£jfr,  eldeil  Son  to  the 
£.  of  Lincoln, 

The  Karnes  of  all  the  Members  of  the  //wy^ 
of  Cemmoftij  returned  lo  fervc  in  Parliament  the 
ift  of  James  I.  >/flW  1&J3.  with  the  Places 
they  fcrved  for.  {/) 

Vy     Sir  Edward  Rad- 

(Zip,  Knt. 
Bedford   T. 
Sr  C^r^.  Hat  ton,  Knt. 
fhomas  Hawes^  Gent. 


Su"^tf«m  Gocdivyttj  Knt- 
Sir  /fi/.  Fiiitwiod,  Knt. 

Bmkingham  T. 
Sir  Thomas  Dentm-^  Knt. 
Sir   Anthony  TeringbaiRy 

Wicmnbf  B. 
Sir  y^i^n  T&wiijhm.iy  Knt. 
/i>ffrjf  FieefWicdy  Kfq; 

AyUsbury  B. 
Sir  JViiUam  But  Lice,  Knt. 
Sir  /fj//iJw  5ffj/r^,  Kn:. 


Sir  Wf/iry  A^w/^,   Knt.  Li*of thcHeufe 
Sir  Francis  KnoUiSy  Knt.  of  Common*. 

hiew-JVindlor  B. 
Samuel  Barkheujey  Efq; 
Sir  Francis  Hffward^  Knt. 

Reading  B. 
Siry^ffmmwj  ]5<w«,KiaL 
Francis  Mo«rty  Elq; 
Wallingford  B. 
Sir  TFilUam  Dunchy  Knt. 
Cbrtftopher  Paynty  Gent. 

Abingion  B. 
Sir  Riehard  LeveleceyKnt. 


Sir  /r//.  Godeiphiny  Knt. 

Sir  Anthony  ktw/ty  Knt. 

Dunhivid^  alias  Z^w/i- 

Sir  Thomas  Lakiy  Knt. 

^/■J  The  Mannlcrpt  it  in  £df/ii  tnd  fcenn  ihu  Title.  Nm^titt 
Militum  Cmataiuum,  Cfriirm  Civifatuwt,  et  hm'tiiifiiim  Villaramf 
fivi  Bufgorumf  Hi  Sijrar<uu<  quinfut  Ptrtutmf  vtni*ndsrm»  ad  Par* 
litmttitym,  frnKtusKitur'  ajit.d  Cii'itJiem  tft^mvutfteri-f  dttitit  met 
Dit  ttiar^ij,  Airne  K<^tt  f»(.-ifi,  Aoitiic,  Fnncite,  tf  Kibeniis 
frimtf  (/  Sculip:  trici^vta  Jeftinu.    1603. 

£dwai.dus  PaciLirs  Mi'/f}>  PtolocQRir, 

ra    The  Tarltamentary  Histort 

An.  I.  J.m«  I.  Ambti^feR^fi.n^s 
16^3.  Ltjkard  B. 

SaPyil.  KiUegrew^  Knt. 
Reginald  Nkhsh^  Efq; 

Lijiivhhkl  B. 
Sir  7io-  Chalonery  Knt, 
Sir  /i^A  iff£t)fr,  Knt. 

TVara  B. 
Thomss  Burgsfs,  Efqj 
ii'/irj-  C^ff,  Efqi 

Bodmyn  B, 
y^M  5;^;;^,  Gent. 
Rkhard  Spray^  Gent. 

Sir  y^Afl  i«£"*,    Knt. 
Robert  Natttsn^  Efq; 

5j//a>   B. 
Sir  Rob.  Mamwosd^  Knt, 
Thamas  PyveU  Gent. 

Camelford  B. 
y^Aw  Giflrf,  Efq; 
Jtithsny  7urpin^  Genu 
Portpighamt    alias 
?r^/w#  B. 
Sir  lyiUiam  Wade,  Knt- 
Sir  /^^«o'  Giodyer^  Knt- 

Grampmnd  B- 
Sir  /^raw.  Barnham^  Knt- 
H^lUiam  Noye,  Efq; 

Eafih-jje  B. 
Sir  Robert  ^hiiipi,  Knt. 
Sir  7^*?:  Parker^  Knt. 

Penrya  B. 
Sir  //-//.  Maynard^  Knr. 

Iregoney  B. 
/ifffry  Pemirey^  Efqi 
Richard  Cart-oigh,  Gent. 

Bejfiney  B. 
Sir  Jfrommiis  Htirfey,  Knt. 
GV^jr^f  Calvert^  Ef^i 

5/.  /wj  B. 
JfiUiam  Breok,  Efq; 
JflAw  tregsnm^  Gent. 

/ffiuc_y  B. 
Francis  P'ivian,  Efqj 
H?«ry  Pater,  Gent, 

5^  Germaim  B. 
Sir  George  Carew,  Knt. 
JflAR  7>jr/,  Gent. 

MV^f/  B. 
lyilliam  Carpe,   Efq; 
IP'illiam  Hadwill,  Efq; 

Newport  B 
SW Edward Ssymor^  Knt. 
Sir  iJc*.  Kilhgrewet  Knt. 

S/.  ■^k/flajf;  B. 
Sir  Jfl^M  5/>£«//,  Knt. 
Dudley  Charlton,  Efq; 

Kellingisn  B. 
/^i7//^w  ^tf//<?,  Gent. 
Sir  ^Jf .  WiUfrahsm^KaU 

William  Ldivfm^  Efq; 
Edward  Mujgravty  Efq; 

C.7rA^^  C. 
Thomas  Bletttrhaffet,  Efq; 
IViUiam  Banvick,   Efq; 

Sir  JflAfl  Ptytany  Knt. 
Sir  Jff/'n  Ci{ti£Si  Knt. 

Cambridge  T. 
i2o^frr?^d//j/j,  Alderman. 
7aAg  Ta):lsy,  Alderman, 

Cambridge-  Univer/ity. 
Nicholas  Stivjard,  L  L.D. 


Sir  fhmas HoUrgfiy  Knt. 
Sir  .^r/r  Mone,  Km. 



Chejier  C 
tbomai  Gamuly  Efq; 
Hugh  Glafiiry  Efq; 


'  Sir  Jcbn  H^rpur,   Knt- 
IViVJam  Knytton^  Efq; 

Derby  T. 
Jabn  Baxter^  Gent. 
Edward  Skigkij  Genr. 

ENGLAND.       15 

Sir  John  Ackland,  Knt. 
Edward  Seymsr^  Efqi 

Exiter  C 
Gi-tfTgi!  Sm/'/A,  Efq; 
John  Prowziy  Gent. 
•^  rotntfi  B. 

CV/y?.  Brosiingy  Merch. 
/A'tfi/fr  Dc/fj/r,  Merch. 

Plymouth  B. 
Sir  i2iV/j.  Htnvkimy  Knt. 
Jdm^i  5tf^^',  Gent 

Barnefiapie  B. 
Thsmai  Hinjhh  Elq* 
Gfw^'  pMr(/,  Gene. 

Plmpton  B. 
Sir  /^^tfi^TOT  5rr«)J,  Knt. 
iVarwich  Ueaky   Gent. 

Tav'ipke  B. 
SirGfor^^^  /j/-fr«;W,Knt. 
£c/u;.  Duacombct  Gent. 
Dartmouth^  Clijion, 
Hardttefiy  B. 
ThsmasHclhmU  Gent. 
Tbmai  Gurncy,  Gent. 

Bvtaljhn  B. 
Humphry  iWtfVf,   Efq; 
Sir  Riifxird  Strode^  Knt. 


S\Tlhmai  Freaht  Knt. 
Jshniriniarnsy  Efq; 

Poff/^  T. 
Edward  Murtt  Gent. 
T^jffmdJ  Robertiy  Merch. 

Dorchejler  B. 
Mi^thew  Cbrobbcy  Gent. 
JflAn  S^«r,  Gent. 

iym/  B. 
Sir  PranW;  i^u^-r/,   Knt. 
Gwr^^  Jeferye,  Efqi 

IVeymouth  B. 

7*^.  Bartfmet  Mayor. 

%MlohtiHanmm^  Knt. 

M£!(ambe-R*gis  B. 
^o*^rr  ^//^  Alderman. 
iJoAff/  Midd/eten, Mtich. 

Britport  B 
Sir  Rfl^^rt  vW;7/>»-,  Knt. 
yj/;;i  PrV/,  Gent. 
Sbaftibury  B. 
iJffi^r/  Hffptofi,  Efq; 
yaAff  J5fl(/fH,  Gent. 
C^rfr  Ctf/7/*  B. 
Sir  7o6«  Habaru^  Knt. 
£i/it'.  Duncembe-,  Gent. 

Ao.  I.  Junci  l« 

Sir  Gamaliel  Capily  Knt. 
Sir  />tf«.  Burringtori,  Kt. 

Cckkejitr  B. 
Jfflifr;  Barker^  Efq; 
Edward  Alford^  Efq; 

iWdAif»  B. 
Sir  i?i?i/rt  ^iVi,  Knt. 
Sir  Jc^ff  7^""-^>  ^rit. 

Hanviih  B. 

?eA»  Pantotii  Elgi 
ZtfWtf  J  TrevcTy  El'q; 

Sir  Thomas  Berkelty^  Knt. 
^ffj^w  Ihrogmottsn^  Efq; 

Thc'kcsburv  B. 
Sir  Dw^.'fy  /);/^j,    Knt. 

The  Tarliame7itary  Histokt 

An*  I.  Uana  I. 


1^3,       Sir  Anthony  Cept-i  Knt. 
John  Doylty,  Efq; 
Oxford  C. 
Sir  Frandi  Leighf,  Knt- 
Tkomai  JVenSwsrthy  Efqj 

Oxford-  Vmverfety. 
Daniel  Dun,  L.L.D. 
/^//f'aw  Byrd,  L.L.D. 

Wood/lock  B. 
Ibsmas  Spencer^  Efqj 
^fl^frt  Whitbck,  Efq; 

Banbury  B. 
Sir  W///dm  Cc))£,  Knt. 


Sir  7iJm.  Harrington,  Ki. 
Sirfe  Buiftrode,  Knt. 


S\i  PPliliam  Mosre,  Knr. 
Sir  £iii'.  Bowytr,   Knt. 

SculhvarJt  B, 
Sir  Gesrge  Rivers^  Knt. 
If^tUiam  MahewCi  Gent, 

BUchivglelgh  B. 
Sir  7fl^«  Trmer^   Knt. 
Richard  BsHingham^Efq, 

Rjgatt  B. 
Sir  fc/iu.  Hnvard^  Knt. 
Herbert  Pdbam^  Eliji 

Guilford  B. 
Sir  G^-jr^f  vW-Jiyr^,  Knt. 
G^fl;yf  y?u/^w,  Gent. 

Gdf/JT  B. 
Sir  T}}om!2i  Grtjharr^  Knt. 
SirNickoicii  Saunders^  Kt, 

Hiifehntre  B. 
Sir  £'^w.  i^rrift-t,  Knt. 
IP'ilUam  Jackjofif  Efq; 

Sir  ffli'tt/.  Little/on,  Knt. 

Sir  7tfAa  Egertofij  Knt. 

Litchfield  C. 
Anthony  Dyott^  ETq; 
Thomas  Cr&we^  Efq; 

5/^flri  B. 
George  Cradock^  Elq; 
Arthur  Ingram^  Efq; 

Nnvca/fk  under  iiW, 
Sir  /Fd/f.  Chetwind^  Knt. 
Roudand  Cotton^  Gent. 

Tamworth  B. 
Sir  T?"?.  Beaumont^  Kut. 
Sir  yo^w  Ferren,  Knt- 

Sir  iiff^fr  Gw/«,  Knt. 
Sir  i!ii^.  Nfedhamy  Knt. 

S}}rnvibury  T. 
Richard  Barker,  Efqj 
Frandi  Tate^  Efq; 
Bridgenorth  B. 
Sir  Lsdwick  Lewhor^Ku 

Ludiewt  B. 
Robert  Berrys^  Efq; 
Richard  Fijbet^  Gent. 

Great -U^endhcL 
Robert  Laxvley,  Gent, 
George  Lawky,  Gent. 

Bijhofs-Cajlk  T. 
IViiliam.  Twynehse,  Efq; 
Samuel  LeiuknoTy  Efq; 


Sir  iJj^.  0,vfiir^r(Vf  r^Knt. 
Sir  /F?/.  7;^/;./S«,    Kn^ 

mncbejlcr   C. 
Sir  y£fi«  A/ojr,  Knt. 
Edward  Cosie^  Alderm- 

Southampton  T. 
Sir  Tiff.  FJewinge,  Knt. 
Sir  7«*«  Jefferiei,  Knt. 

Porifrtouth  T. 
7tfiw  Ctfrir//,  Efqj 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       17 


JR'ictard  Joiv^fi,    Gene 

Yarmouth  B. 
Th.omas  Chti^  Ef'q; 
Arthur  Bromfidd^  Gent. 

Petenfield  B. 

Sir  H^tUlam  ILzrvyt^  Knt. 

Sir  mi  KinzjeweU,  Knt. 

Newport  B. 
Richard  James,  Efq; 
yo/j/j  ^/j/^/4  Efq; 
Stockirtiiige  B. 
Sir  ^if^/.  Fcrtefcut,  Knt. 
Sir  Edxo'm  Sandys^  Km. 

Mm' ten  B. 
Thomas  IVilJan,  Gent. 
H^iUiam  Men>}s,  Gent. 

ChriJ}- Church  B. 
Richard  Mariin^  Efq; 
NiJjo/as  Hide,  Efq; 
Wh'tchttrch  B. 
Sir  5rV/;.  Piiwktt^  Knt. 
Tbamas  BrochSt    Gent. 

Lymingtm  B. 
Thmas  MarJJjaly  Gent. 
Thomas  Seuth^   Gent. 

/indroer  B. 
Sir  7><j.  Jermyn^  Knt. 
Thomas  J/ttrohus,  Gent. 

Sir  3'^'&«  H:gha//ty   Knt- 
Sir  JKaifr/  Drury,  Km. 

/^/-u;;^*  T. 
Sit  //if///,)'  Gknhamy  Knt. 
Sir  Frantii  Bacstt^  Knt. 

Dunvjkh  B. 
Sir  Thomas  Smithy    Knt. 
P^/cr  Grf////y,  Efq; 

ar/ir<i  B. 

Sir  iWifi.  Sta/:hpe,  Knt. 

"lir  ^/7/.  Csrnwallis,  Ki. 

Vol,  V.  B 

jf/dhorsugh  B.  An.  I.  James  K 

Sir  /^/V.  ff^oadhoufe,  Knt,        '*^3' 
Thomas  Rhctt,  Efq; 

S::dbsrough  B. 
SirTJ^^j.  Beckingbam^Kutt 
Tha,  Eden,  jutt,  Gent. 

£y^  B. 
Sir  /fr;7.  BuckhghafiiyKx. 
Sir  7j?*«  JSTrfy^,  Knt. 


Sir  /^rrfw.  Hajiifigs,  Knt, 
Sir  £</«;.  P^WvJ>r,  Knt. 

fir/y/^y  C. 
y^A/i  JVHtflon^  Merch. 
Thsmcs  Jamesy  Merch* 

5tf/*  C. 
?-^/.  Shcr/ione,  Alderiii. 
C/>rj//.  5/tffff,  E(q; 

^W/,fJ  C. 
Edzvard  Forcett^  Efqi 
7tfceA  KiUon,  Efq; 

Taunton  B. 
Edivard  Hexte,  Efq; 
7^M  jffwri,  Gent. 

Bridgnvater  B. 
Nichol.  Hajcimere^  Gent. 
^flAff  /'cw>»  Efq; 
Mynhead  B. 
Ambrcfe  Purvill,  Gent.    . 
Sir  Maurice  Berhley^Ku 


Sir  Charles  Howard^tCnU 
Henry  Carey,  Efq; 

Chkhejier  C, 
Adrian  Stcught9ny  Efq; 
Sir  ^i''^"  Morlsyy  Knt. 

Horjham  B. 
Sir  7^'''«  Dodridgey  Knt, 
Sir  Me*.  ///.**,  Knt. 

The  Tarlhmentary  History 

An.  I.  Jame,  I.  Miiihurjl  B- 

1603.       French  Kevik^  Efq; 

Sir  Richard  li^epn^  Knt. 

Lewgi  B 
fUnry  Nevile,  Efq; 
John  Shirley^  Serjeant  at 

Sbsreham  B, 
Sir  Barn.  IVhitJlones^Kt, 
Sir  Hugh  Seepn,  Knt. 

Steyn^ng  B- 
Sir  TJjomas  ShirUy,  Knt. 
S\r  Thsm/7s  Bi^jffp,  Knt. 

£tf//  GriftfUad  B. 
Sir  //p«7  Crcmpion.Knt. 
Sir  y^j^n  Stvinertm,  Knt, 

Arundel  B. 
Thoffh-!^  Preftsft^  Efqi 
>/;«  r^,  Efq; 


SirVAi).  Strkklifui,  Knt. 
Sir  iJf^,  M(/jrrtKf,Knt. 

yf/'/Zf^;'  B. 
Sir  7i/?«  Msrrh,  Knt. 
Sir  ?^//.  Bowyer^  Knt. 


Kirf/-/7«fii  Pcpbam^  Km, 
Sir  Ji'altir ViiUghan^YifW. 

New-SaruJn  C. 
G//«  r^i^^r,   Elq; 
RkkiJrd  Gorifrty.,   Gent. 

Sir  TZ-s.  EdiTijnds^  Knr. 
Ihoniiis  Morgan,   Efq; 

Sir  Gore  I  R.ilei^k,  Knt. 
iVUliam  StjcJtmaUt  Gent. 

Hifidon  B. 
Sir  £(//*;.  Ludhwe^  Knt. 

Thomas  Thymie,  Efq; 

HeiUsbury  B. 
Sir  /fi7/;Vw  H>'tfr,  Knt.. 
JValterGawefiy  Gent. 

fPeJbury  B, 
Sir  y<7W«  itiy,  Knt. 
Mathew  Lee^  Efq; 

Ctf/n^  B. 
Sir  Ed-ward  Careys  Knt. 
y^^/i  ?V[j/;,  Efq; 
Devize i  B. 
Sir  /f<?A^>  Baifiion,  Knt. 
Ai^fr.'  i>ru^,  Gent. 
Chippenham  B. 
^flin  Hungerford,  Efq; 
John  Roberts,  Gene 

Malmeihury  B. 
Sir  -^tf^^r  DaUyfoHy  Knt. 
Sir  TT-ii.  nff//ji/OT,  Knt. 

Cricklade  B. 
Sir  Jtf/'fl  Huisgtrf&yd^  Kt. 
Sir  //fwo'  Pm/,   Knt. 
Great- Bedivyn  B. 
y^^ff  Rodneyy  Elq; 
Anthony  Hufjgerfffrd^F.(q!, 

Luiigeyjhal  B. 
yamei  KirHriy  Efq; 
Henry  Ludlowe^  Gent. 

Old-Sarum  B. 
/^';/.  Ravenfcroft,   Efq; 
Edward  Leache^  Efq; 

IVrnQn-Eapt  B. 
Hniry  .vJart'xn^  Efq; 
Alexavder  Tittf,  Efq;  B. 
Lmoreme  Hide^  Efq; 
Richard  Digge^  Efq; 

Sir  Mwrji  BromUv-,  Knt. 
Samuel  Sandyi,  Efq; 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        15* 

Richmond  B. 
Talbot  Bowei,  Efq; 
Richard  PercivaUy  Efq; 

Heidsft  B. 
Sir  Chriji.  Hihiyard,  Kt- 

BltTTOwbrigg    B. 

Sir  Henry  Jenkins^  Knt. 
Sir  Tho.  l^ava/or,K.t\X, 

Thurjk  B. 
Sir  Edward  Szvi/t,  Knt. 
?;«.  fFhittinghamf  Efqj 

///ii^ttr^;.  B. 
Sir  £^:f .  Skejitld,  Knt. 
Sir  //fwry  SavJ£y  Knt, 

Beverky  T. 
y//iin  Piercey^  Efq; 

Barons  of  the  Ports. 

S\r  Edivard  Hiiies,  Knt, 
7(7OT(,7  Lajker^  Gent. 

Adam  White^i  Gent. 
Ihoinas  Unton,  Gent. 

7^^^  Toungtj  Gent. 
Menea;e  Finth,  Efq; 

Sir  /?ij/^  Reminglony  Knt. 
j'i'/j/j  Phffimery  Gent. 

C*r;^.  Talderhy  Efq; 
Sir    AWtfA    kjtatchbuU, 

Sir  George  Fane,  Knt. 
7^^//  GrvJ^/A,  Efq; 

Sir  7J;ot/i;  /^tf//^»  Knt. 
Gor/f  fi/>^^,  Gent. 

mrce/ier  C. 
yo^/r  Cewtber^  Gent. 
Rowland  Berkley^    Efq; 

Droitzvich  B. 
G«r^^  /^i/,  Efq; 
7^7An  Srflf/,  Efq; 

Evtjham  B. 
Sir  Ihmai  Biggs,    Knt. 
Edward  Salter,  Efq; 

5ra/<^/^  B. 
Rithard  Teungy  Efq; 

Sir  £i^K;.  Greviky  Knt. 
Sir  iJ'f*.  Ferneyy  Knt. 

Coventry  C. 
//fffry  BreereSj  Efq; 
Sir  yoA«  Harrington,  Kt. 

Jf^arwick  B. 
5'ffA^  Town/bendy  Gent. 
fVtUiam  Spicer^  Gent. 

Sir  7^'i'fl  S^w/Vf  of  //fy/- 

^,  Knt. 
Sir  ^VA.  Gargrave,  Knt. 

nr;*  C. 
^/*r/  AJhoitby  Alderm. 
C^ri/?.  firoii/^  Efa; 

Kingflon  upan  //tf//  T. 
7*!*/?  Edfmndi-,  Mcrch. 
7?/^A  Z:-^/^,  Merch. 

Knareilrurgh  B. 
Sir  //f«.  Slings/ty,   Knt. 
S'n  ff^i/.  Slingsby,  Knt. 

Scarbraugb   B. 
Francis  Emrye^   Efq; 
Sir    Thomas    Pojihumus 
Habhyy  Knt. 
^>^^  B. 
Sir  7**«  Malhry,  Knt. 
Sir  yp/v;  Be/inety  Knt. 

n.  !■  June 




arliamcHtary  Histoky 



Sir  Rich.  Bulkley,  Knt. 

Beaumaris  B. 
WtBam  JcKes,  Efq; 

Sir  Rekr^  Kncw/eSt  Knt. 

Brecon  T. 
Sir  H^nry  f^ilHams ^Knt. 


yohn  Lewis^  ETq; 
Cardigan  T. 
H^iUiam  Bradjliaw^  Efqj 

Sir  Robert  Maunfel^  Knt. 

Carmarthen  T. 
Sir  XValier  Riie^  Knt. 

Sir  IVill'iam  Maurice^  K  t. 

CirmrvQH  T. 
Clement  Edmonds^  Efqj 

/'/^fr  Mutton,  Efq; 

Denbigh  T. 
i&^A  MiddieUfty  El'qi 


iJs^fr  Puiejlont  Efq; 

/■^^f  T. 
JSfjg-fr  BreretSTit  Efq; 

Sir  Thomas  Maunfely  Kt, 

C<2rrf/;f  T. 
Matheiv  Daviesy  Gent. 

Sir  £,rfif;.  Herbert^  Knt. 


Sir  /^/.  Herbert,  KnU 

Montgomery  T. 
Edward    IVhittitighajn^ 


^/j*  Stcpneth,  Efq; 
Pembroke  T. 
Richard  Cunycy  Efq; 

Hazerford-m^  T. 
Sir  Jama  Perroty    Knt. 

Sir  i?f)/^/rr  HarUy,  Knt. 

On  the  igth  Day  oi  March  1603,  which  was 

Anno  Rwni  i,  ftlH  within  the  firft  Year  ol"  this  Reia;n,  the  Parlia- 

At  wSJiinfl    ^-ri^  '"^*t  ■'^f  IFeJi'itifijier.     The  King  came  in  a 

'^'  Churiot  of  Eftatei   the  Prince  of  WaUi,  wi:halt  the 

Ivord:  and  Temporal,  according  to  :inljent 

Ciil^om,  rode  on   Horfc-hack   from  fPljitebnil  to 

IVe}hriinfUr^    in  their   Parliiment-Robts.     When 

llie  Ktng  bsing?  featcd  on  the  Throne,  it  pleafed  his 

Miijeily,  in  Perfon,  to  duclrire   the  Caufe  of  the 

Summons  to  the  two  Houfes,  iio  the  following 



*  IT 

My  Lords  cf  the  Higher  Houfe^  and  You  Knight i  An.  i 

and  Burgfjfci  af  the  Lower^  '*°3'     - 

*  "T  T  did  no  fooner  pleafe  Goj  to  lighter  his    ^hc    Kib«»s 

*  Y.  Rand,  and  relent  the  Violence  of  his  devour- Spccct;   to  His 
iDg  Angel  ag-dinl^  the  poor  People  of  this  City, '"SP^liameat. 
but  as  loon  did  I  refolve  to  call  this  Parliament, 
and  thai  for  three  chief  and  principal  Reafotis. 

•  The  firft  whereof  is  (and  which  of  ilfel",  tho* 
there  were  no  more,    is  not  only  a  fufficient, 
but  a  moft  full  and  necelTiry  Ground  and  Reifon 
for  convening  of  this  Afl'emhly}  the  firft  Rfafon, 
1  fay,  is,  Thrtt  ynu  who  are  hereprefcntly  afTem- 
bled  to  reprefent  the  Body  of  this  whole  King- 
dom, and  of  all  Sorts  of  People  within  the  fame, 
may  with  your  own  Ears  henr,  and  that  I  out 
out  of  my  own  Mouth  may  deliver  unto  you, 
'  the  Aflurance  of  my  dueThanfcfuIncrs  for  your 
'  fo  joyful  and  general  Apptaufcj  to  the  declaring 
'  and  receiving  rae  in  this  Seat  (which  God,  by  my 
'  Birth-Right,   and  lineal  Defcent,   bad,  m  the 
'•  Fulnefs  of  Time,  provided  for  me)  and  that  im- 
'   mediately  after  it  plcafed  God  to  call  your  late 
f  Sovereign,  of  famous  Memory,  full  of  Days, 
^  but  fuller  of  immortal  Trophies  of  Honour,  out 
'  of  this  iranfuory  Life.     Not  that  I  am  able  to 
^  exprefs  by  Words,  or  utter  by  Eloquence,  the 
'  vive    Image    of    mine    inward  Thankfulncfs  » 

*  but  only  that  out  of  my  own  Mouth,  you  may 
'  reft  aJTured  to  expedV  that  Meafurc  of  Thankful- 

*  nefe  at  my  Hands,  which  is  according  to  the 
'  Inlinitnefsof  your  Dcfcrts,  and  to  my  Inclina- 

*  tion  and  Ability,  for  Requiial  of  the  fame.    Shall 
»  I  ei'cr,  nay,  can  lever  be  able,  or  rather  fo  un- 

*  able  in  Memory,  as  to  forget  your  uncxpcfted 

*  Rcadincfs  and  Alacrity,    your  ever- memorable 

*  Rcfolution,  and  your  moft  wonderful  Conjunc- 

*  lion  and  Harmony  of  yoiir  Hearts,  in  declaring 

*  and  embracing  me  as  your  undoubted  and  lawful 

*  King  and  Governor  ?  Or  fhall  it  ever  he  blotted 

*  out  of  my  Mind,  how  at  my  firft  Entry  inio 

*  this  Kingdom,  the  People  of  all  Sorts  rid  and 

*  ran>  nay  rather  flew  to  meet  me?  Their  Eyes 
B  3  •  flaming 

n^e  T arltamentary  Histort 

Aii.1.  James  I.*  flaming  nothing  but  Sparkles  of  AfFeftion,  their 

1603.        <  Mouths  and  Tonguesuuering  nothing  burSuunds 

'  of  Joy  ;  their  Hands,  Feet,  and  all  the  r^ft  of 

*  their  Members  in  their  Gefturcs,  difcoverlng  a 
'  paffionate  Longing,  and  Earnertnefs  tomcct  and 

*  embrace  ihtir  new  Sovereign,  ^id  ago  retri- 
'  huam?    Shall  I  allow   in  myfeU  that  which  I 

*  could  never  bear  with  in  another?  No,  I  mult 

*  plainly  and  freely  confefs  here,  inall  your  Audi- 

*  ences,  that  I  did  ever  naturally  io  far  miflike  a 

*  Tongue  toofmoorh,  and  diligent  in  paying  their 
'  Creditors,  with  Lip- Payment  and  verbal  Thanks, 

*  as  I  ever  fufpetled  that  Sort  of  People,  meant 

*  not  to  pay  their  Debtors  in  more  fubftantial  Sort 

*  of  Coin.  And  therefore  for  exprefllng  of  my 
'  Thankfulncfs,  I  muft  refort  umo  the  other  two 

*  Reafons  of  my  convening  of  this  Parliament, 
'  by  them  in  Atlion  to  alter  my  Thankfulnefs : 
'  Both  the  faid  Reafbns  having  but  one  Ground, 
'  which  is  the  Deeds  whc?eby  all  the  Days  of  my 
'  Life,  lam,  by  God's  Grace,  to  expreis  my  faid 
'  Thanfcfulnefs  towards  you,  but  divided  in  this  ; 

*  That  in  the  firft  of  thefe  two,  mine  AfSions  of 
'  Thanks  are  fo  inleparably  conjoined  with  my 
'  Pcrfon,  as  they  are  in  a  Manner  become  indivi- 

*  dually  annexed  to  the  fame     In  the  other  Rea- 

*  fon,  mine  Actions  are  fuch,  as  I  may  either  do 

*  them,  or  leave  them  undone,  iho' by  God's  Grace, 

*  I  hope  never  to  be  weary  of  the  doing  them. 

'  As  to  the  firft,  it  is  the  Rleflings  which  God 

*  hath,  in  my  Perfon,  bellowed   upon  you  all, 

*  wherein  I  proteft,  I  do  more  glory  at  the  fame  for 
'  your  Weal,  than  forany  panictiiarrefpedt  of  my 
'  own  Reputation  01  Advantage  therein. 

The  firtl  ihen  of  the  Bkflings,    which  God 

*  hath  jointly  with  my  Perfon  fent  unto  you,  is 

*  outward  Peace;  thai  is,  Peace  Abrottd  with  all 

*  Foreign  Neighbours:  For,  I  ih.^nk  God,  T  may 
'  juftly  f-!y,  that  never  fincel  v.isaKing,  I  either 

*  received  Wione  ot  any  other  Chrirtian  Prince  or 

*  Stale,  or  did  Wrong  to  any  :    I  have  ever,  I 

*  praife  God,  yci  kept  Peace  and  Amity  with  all, 

*  which 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      13 

'  vvhich  Iiath  been  fo  far  tied  lo  my  Perfun,  as  at  An.  i.  >m«l, 

*  my  coming  here  vou  are  Wimeflcs,  I  found  the        >**3* 
'  State  emb;irked  in  ;i  great  and  tedious  War,  ai^d 
'  only  by  mine  Arrival  here,  and  by  the  Peace  in 

*  my  Peribn,  is  now  Amity  kept,  where  War  was 
'  before,  which  is  no  fmall  BlefJing  to  a  Chrifttan 

*  Common- Weahh  :  For  by  Peace  Abroad  with 
'  their  Neighbours  the  7" owns  flourifh^  the  Mcr- 

*  chants  become  ricTi,    the  Trade  doth  incrciife, 

*  and  the  People  of  all  Sorts  in  the  Land  enjoy 

*  free  Liberty  to  exercife  ihenifelves  in  iheir  Icve- 

*  ral  Vocations,  without  Pirril  or  Diltuibaore. 
'  Not  that  I  think  this  outward  Peace  fo  unltpara- 
'  biy  lied  to  my  Pcrfon,  as  I  dare  ailuredly  promife 

*  tomylelf,  and  to  you,  the  certain  Continuance 

*  thereof;  but  thus  far  I  can  very  well  aflUre  you, 
'  and,  on  the  Word  of  a  King,  promife  unto  you, 

*  that  I  fliall  never  give  the  iirit  Occafion  of  the 

*  Breach  thereofj  neither  (hall  I  ever  bs  moved 

*  for  any  Panicuhr,  oj  private  Paffion  of  Mmd, 

*  lo  interrupt  your  Public  Peace,  except  1  be  for- 

*  ccd  thereunto,  either  for  Reparation  of  the  Ho- 

*  nour  of  the  Kingdom,  or  elic  by  Ncccifity  for  ihe 
'  Weal  and  Prc(crvalion  of  the  fame :  In  which 

*  Cafe,  a  fecurc  and  honourable  War  muft  be  pre. 

*  feiTed  to  an  unfccure  and  difhonourable  Pence. 

*  Vet  I  do  hope,  by  my  txi-erienLC  of  ihc  by-paft 

*  Bleffings  of  Peace,    which  God  hath  lo  long, 

*  ever  (ince  my  Birth,  beftowed  upon  mc,  that 

*  he  will  noi  be  weary  to  continue  the  iame,  nor 

*  repent  him  of  his  Grace  towards  me  j  transfer- 
'   ring  that  Sentence  of  Kin^  David's  apon  bis  by- 

*  paft  V  id  Dries  of  War,  to  mine  of  Peace;  that 
•■  rhai  God  who  preferved  me  from  the.  devouring 

*  JiKWi  of  the  Bear,  and  of  the  Lion,  and  delivered 

*  vhcm  into  my  Hand,  fiiall  now  alio  grant  me 

*  Viftory  over  that  uncircumcifed  Philiflitte. 
'   But  although  outward  Peace  be  a  ^leat  Rlef- 

*  ling,    yet  it  is  as  far  mierior  lo  PtMce  wiihin,  as 
'  Civil  Wars  are  more  cruel  and  unnatural  llun 

*  Wars  Abroad.     And  therefore  the  fecond  great 

*  B[eflin£iha;Godhaih,withmyPcrfon,fem  unto 

'  you 

An.  I.  Tameil/  you,  is  Peace  within,  and  ihat  in  a  double  Form : 
1603.      '*  Firft,  by  my  Defcent  lineally  out  of  the  Loins 

*  o(  Ht'NtyVU.  is  re-united  and  confirmod  in  aie 

*  the  Union  of  the  two  Princely  Roles  of  the  iwo 

*  Houfes  of  Lancafier  and   lofk.,    whereof  tha: 

*  King,  of  happy  MemoTy,  was  the  firll  Uniicr, 

*  as  he  was  alio  the  firft  Ground-layer  of  the  other 

*  Peace  (the  lamentable  and  miferable  Events,  by 

*  the  civil  and  bloody  DilTenfion  betwixt  thele  two 
'  Houfes  was  fo  great,  and  fo  late,  as  it  need  not 

*  be  renewed  unto  your  Memories)  which  as  it  was 

*  firft  fettled  and   linited  in  him,  fo  it  is  now  re- 

*  united  and  confirmed  in  me;  being  juftly  and 

*  lineally  defcended,  not  only  of  that  happy  Con- 

*  junftion,   but  of  bolh  the  Branches  thereof  in 

*  many  Times  before.     ButtheUnionofthefetwo 

*  Princely  Houfes  is  nothing  comparable  to  the 

*  Union  of  two  ancient  and  famous  Kingdoms, 

*  which  is  the  other  inward  Peace  annexed   to 

*  my   Perfon.  « 

*  And  here  I  muft  crave  your  Patience  for  a  lit- 

*  tie  Space,  to  give  me  Leave  to  difcourfe  more 

*  particularly  of  the  Benefits  that  do  anfe  of  that 
'  Union  which  is  made  in  my  Blood,  being  a  iVlat- 

*  ter  that  bclongeth  moft  properly  to  me  to  Ipeak 

*  of,   as  the  Hc^d,    wherein  that  great  Body  is 

*  united.     And  firfl:,  if  we  were  To  look  no  higher 

*  than  ro  Natural  and  Phyfical  Rcafons,  we  may 

*  eafily  be  perfuaded  of  the  gre;it  Birnefils  that  by 

*  that  Union  do  redound  to  the  whole  Iflard :  For 

*  if  twenty  ihoufand  Men  be  a  ftrong  Army,  is  not 

*  the  Double  thereof,  forty  thoufand,  a  double  the 
'  ftronger  Army  ?  If  a  Baron  envichcth  himfelf  with 
'  double  rts  many  Land')  as  he  had  before,  is  he  not 

*  double  the  3;rca:er?  Nature  teacheth  us,  that 
'  Mountains  are  made  of  Mores;  and  that  at  fiift, 

*  Kingdoms  being  divided,  and  every   particular 

*  Town,  ov  little  Country  (as  Tyrants  or  Ufur- 

*  ])ers    Could    obtain   the    Poilellion)  a   Signory 

*  apart,  many  of  iheftr  little  Kingdoms  are  now  in 

*  Procefs  of  Time,  by  the  Ordinance  of  God, 
'  joined  into  great  Monarchies,  whereby  ihcy  are 

*  bccomQ 

0/   E  N  G  L"A  N  D.        15 

*  become  powerful  within  thcmfclves»  to  defend  ^a.  i.  Jamc*  I. 
'  themfcIvM  from  all  outward  Invafions,  and  their       '*"** 
'  Head  and  Governor  thereby  enabled  to  redeem 
'  them  from  Foreign  Aflaults,  ai:d  punifh  private 

*  Tranfgreffions  within.     Do  we  do  not  yet  re- 

*  member  that  tins   Kingdom   was  divided  into 

*  feven  little  Kingtlomy,  bt-'fides  IVnhs?  And  is  it 
•not  now  the  ftronger  by  their  Union  ?  And  hath 

*  not  the  Union  of  H'ahi  to  Englund  ;.dded  a 

*  greater  Strength  thereto?  Which,  though  it  Was 

*  a  great  Principality,  was  noihing  comparable  in 

*  Greatnels  and  Power  to  the  aniient  and  famous 

*  Kingdom  of  Scsiland.     But  wtiat  fliall  we  llick- 
«  upon  any  natural  Appearance,  when  it  is  man t- 

*  felt,   that  God,  by  liIs  Almighty  Providence, 

*  halh  pre-ordained  it  fo  lo  be  ?  Hath   not  God 

*  firft  united  thcfe  two  Kingdoms,  both  in  Lan- 

*  guage  and  Religion,  and  Similitude  of  Manners? 

*  Yea,  halh  he  not  maiie  us  all  in  one  I/land,  com  ■      , 
•-  paflcd  with  one  Sea,  and  of  itfelf,  by  Nature,  fo 
♦'  indivifibic,  2$  almoft  thoie  that  were  Borderers 

*  themfelvcs  on  the  late  Borders,'  cannot  diftin- 

*  g"ifli>  nor  know,  or  difcern  their  own  Limiu? 

*  Thefe  two  Countries  being  feparated  neither  b/ 

*  Sea  nor  great   River,     Mountain    nor    other 

*  Sirength   of  Nature,   but  only  by  little  fmali 

*  Brooks,  or  demolifhed  little  Walls,  fo  as  rather 

*  they  weie  divided  in  Apprchenfiun,  than  in  Ef- 

*  fedt  J  and  now  in  the  End  and  Fulnefs  of  Time 

*  united,  the  Right  and  Title  of  both  in  my  Per- 

*  fon,  alike  lineally  dcfcendcd  of  both  the  Crowns, 

*  whereby  i:  is  now  become  in  a  liiUe  World  with 
•.  itfelf,  being  intrenched  and  fortified  round  about 

*  with  a  natural,  and  yet  admirable,  ftrong  Pond 

*  orDiich,  whereby  all  the  of  ihisNa- 

*  lion  arcnowqiiie  cut  off:  The  oiberPart  of  the 

*  Ifland  being  ever  bjtore  now,  not  only  the  Place 

*  of  landing  to  all  Strangers  that  were  to  make  In- 
Valion  here,  but  likcwif  movud  by  the  Enemies 
of  this  State,  by  untimely  Incur'ion  ,  to  make 
inforccd  Diverfiun  trom  ihi-'ir  Conquers,  for 
defending  themfelvcs  at  Home,    and  keeping 

*'  (urc 


16    The  Tarliamcntary  H  i  sto  k  r 

_   jimeil.  *  **"rc  tJjeir  Back-Door,   as  then  lE  was  callcJ, 
1603,        *  which  was  ihe  greatell  Hindrance  and  Lett  my 

*  PreJeccflbrs  of  this  Narion  ever  got,  in  difturb- 

*  ing  them  from  their  many  famous  and  glorious 

*  Ccnquefts  Abroad  :  tyhatGcdhathemjoincd  theu^ 

*  Ut  m  Manfiparaie.    I  am  the  Hufband,  and  all 

*  the  whole  tfland  is  my  lawful  Wife ;  I  am  the 

*  Head,  and  U  is  my  Body  j  I  am  the  Shepherd, 
«  and  ir  is  my  Flock  :  I  hope,  therefore,  no  Man 
'  will  be  fo  unreafonable  as  to  think  that  1,  that  am 
'  a  Chtifti^m  King  under  the  Gofpel.  (hould  be  a 

*  Polygamic,  and  10  two  Wives  \  that  I 
'  being  the  Head,  lliuuld  have  a  divided  and  mon- 

*  Ihous  Body  i  or  dial  being  ihe  Shepherd  of  fo 
'  fair  a  Flock  ('ivhofe  Fold  hath  no  Wall  10  fence 

*  it  but  the  fourSeas)  (hould  have  my  Flock  parted 

*  in  two.     But  as  I  am  affured,  that  no  honeft 

*  Subjeft*  of  whatfoever  Degree,  within  my  whole 

*  Dominions,    is  lefs  glad  of  this  joyful  Union 

*  than  I  am  ;  fo  may  ihe  frivolous  Objcdliou  of 
'  any  that   would    be    Hindeicrs  of    this   Work 

*  (which  God  hath  in  niy  Perfon  already  elbiblifh- 
'  ed)  be  eafily  anfwered  ;  which  can  be  none,  ex- 
'  cept  fuch  35  are  either  blinded  with  Ignorance,  or 
'  die  [ranlported  with  Mahce,  being  unable  to 
'  live  in  a  welt-governed  Common- Wealth,  and 
'  only  delighting  to  lifti  in  [foublcd  Waters :  For 

*  if  they  would  ftand  upon  tJieir  Repuiaiion,  and 
'  Privileges  of  any  of  ihe  Kingdoms ;  I  p:ay  you, 
'  were  not  both  of  the  Kingdoms  Monarchies  from 
'  the  Beginning  ?  And,  cotifequencly,  could  ever 

*  the  Body  be  counted  without  the  Ht;ad,  vvliich 

*  was  ever  unfepaubly  joined  thereunto  I  So  thu 
'  as  the  Honour  and  Privileges  of  any  of  the  Kin^- 
'  doms  could  not  be  divi.-ied  from  their  Sovereign  j 
'  lb  are  ihey  now 'confoundcti  and  joined  in  niy 

*  Perfon,  who  am  and  alike  kindly  Head  10 

*  both.     Wlicii  this   IChi.Mom    of  E/igUmd 

*  divided  intj  lo  m;tn)  p<.liv'  ICingdums  (as  I  (old 

*  you  befortji  one  of  ihcm  c.ii  up  another,  lill  ^iiey 

*  were  all  united  into  One.  And  yet  can  iP'Ht' 
f  Jbhe  or  Devsti/hire^  which  were  of  ths  H'efi-Sax- 

*  em 

of    ENGLAND.       27 

ens  (alihough  their  Kingdom  of  longeft  Durance,  ab>  i.  jaad  i. 

and  did,  by  Conqueft,  overcome  divers  of  the  •*°5. 
reft  ofUic little Kinsdoms)make Claim  toPriority 
of  Place  or  Honour  before  Sujfx^  EjjiXy  or  oilier 
Shires,  which  were  conquered  by  them  ?  And 
have  we  not  the  like  Experience  in  the  Kingdom 
of  France,  being  composed  of  divers  Duchies, 
and  one  after  another  conquered  by  ihe  Sword  f 
For  even  as  lii:Ie  Brooks  lofe  their  Names  by 
running  and  falling  into  great  Rivers,  and  the 
very  Name  and  Memory  of  great  Rivers  fwal- 
luwed  up  in  the  Ocean :  So  by  the  Conjundliou 
of  divers  little  Kingdoms  into  One,  are  all  thefe 
privaie  Differences  and  Queftions  fwallowed  up. 
And  iincc  the  Succefs  was  happy  of  the  ^axsn 
Kingdoms,  conquered  by  the  Spear  of  Bellona  ; 
now  much  greater  Rcalon  have  wc  to  expefl  a 
happy  IHue  of  tins  greater  Union,  which  is  only 
faftened  and  bound  up  by  ihe  Wed<iing-Ring  of 
Aftnaf  And  a,<:  God  haih  made  Stctland  fthc 
one  Half  of  this  Illand)  to  enjoy  my  Birih,  and 
the  firft  and  moft  imperfeft  Half  of  my  Life; 
and  you  here  lo  enjoy  the  perfetSt  and  laft  Half 
thereof :  So  can  I  not  think  that  any  would  be 
fo  injurious  to  me,  no  no:  in  their  Thoughts  and 
Wifhe^  as  to  cut  afunder  the  one  Half  of  me 
from  the  other.  But  in  this  Matter  I  have  far 
enough  infilled,  refting  afllircd,  that  in  your 
Hearts  and  Minds  you  all  applaud  this  my  Dlf- 

'  Nowjhhough  thefe  Blcfiings (before  rebearfed) 
of  inward  and  outward  Peace  be  greai ;  yet  iee- 
ing  iha:  in  all  good  Th;ngs  a  great  Pan  of  their 
Goodneis  and  Eftimaiion  is  loft,  if  they  have 
not  Appearance  of  Per(>ptuity  or  long  Continu- 
ance :  So  hath  it  pleafed  Almighty  God  to  accom- 
pany my  Pcrfon  alfu  with  thai  Favour,  having 
healthful  and  hopeful  Ifl'uc  of  my  Body  (whereof 
fome  are  here  prcient)  for  Continuance  and  Pro- 
pot^acion  of  that  undoubrcd  Right  which  is  in  my 
Pcrfon;  under  whom  I  doubt  nox  hut  it  will 
picafc  God  to  profper  and  continue  for  mmy 

1  Years 

An,  I.  James  I. 

7^^  Tari/amefttary  HistoPvY 

Years  tliis  Union,  and  all  other  Blefliiig.'!  of  I'n- 
■  ward  and  outward  Peace  which  I  have  brought 
with  me. 

*  But  neither  Peace  outward,  nor  Peace  inward, 
norany  other  BleiUng  that  can  follow  thereupon, 
nor  Appearance  o!  the  Perpetuity  thereof,  by 
PropagAtion  in  Poftcrny,  are  but  wcrtk  Prllars, 
and  rotten  Reeds  to  lean  unto ;  if  G;jd  doth  noc 
ftrengihen-  and,  by  th^-  Staff  of  his  Bieffing, 
make  them  duraole;  for  in  Vain  doth  rhe  Watch- 
man watch  the  Ciy,  if  the  Lord  be  not  the 
principal  Defence  thereufi  in  Vain  doth  the 
Builder  build  the  I-Iouie,  if  God  give  not  the 
Succefe;  and  in  Vain  {2s  Pauhmh)  doih  Paui 
plant,  and  ^psl/cs  water,  if  God  g\vc  not  the 
Increafe  ;  for  all  Wordly  Blcflings  are  but  like 
fwift  palTmgSharioWs,  lading  Flower?,  or  ChafF 
blown  before  the  Wind,  if  by  ihe  Profellion  of 
true  Religion,  nnd  Works  according  thereunto, 
God  be  not  moved  fo  maliitjin  and  fetOe  the 
Thrones  of  Princes-  And,  although,  thatftnce 
mine  Entry  into  ihis  Kingdom,  Thrive  both  by 
meeting  with  divers  of  the  Ecclcfiailicril  Eftne, 
and  likcwife  by  divers  Proclamaiions  c!!y  de- 
cUred  hy  Mjnd  in  Points  o;  Religion;  yet  do  I 
not  think  it  amifs,  in  this  fo  lolernn  an  Audience, 
to  take  Occafion  to  difcuv  r  fomcwhat  of  the 
Secrets  of  my  Heart  in  that  Matter.  For  I  fhall 
never  (w"lh  Gfxi's  Grace)  he  afiiamcd  to  make 
public^'  hofcffion  thLieof  upon  :dlOccafions,  left 
God  {liould  be  afliJined  of  me  betoie  Men  and 
Angcb  -,  cfpecially  left  at  this  7'imc  Men  might 
prclume  further,  upon  the  Mii'-Knowledgeof  my 
Meaninj;.  to  trouble  this  Parliament  of  ours  than 
were  convenient. 

*  At  my  firft  coming,  although!  found  bur  one 
Religion,  and  that  which  by  myfelf  is  profcJlcd, 
puolickly  allowed,  and  hy  ihe  Law  maintained  i 
yet  found  I  nno'her  Son  of  RcI:gion,  bwJides  a 
private  Scci,  lurking  within  the  liowels  of  ihis 
Nation.  The  firll  is  the  true  Religion,  which 
by  mc  is  profefled»  and  by  Law  is  eftablilhed  : 

*  The 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 


The  fecond  is,  che  falfly  called  Catholics,  but  ^^^  j^  t^^^  j^ 
truJy  Papifts :  The  third  which  I  call  a  Se6t  ra-  1603. 
thcr  than  a  Rcliirion,  is  the  Puritans  and  Novc- 
lifts  ;  who  do  not  fo  far  differ  from  lis  in  Points 
of  Religion,  as  in  their  confufcd  Form  of  Policy 
and  Parity  ;  being  ever  difcontented  with  the 
prcfcnt  Government,  and  impatient  to  fufFcr 
any  Superiority,  which  maketh  their  Seda  infuf- 
ferable  in  any  well- governed  Common- Wealth. 
But  as  for  my  Courfe  towards  them,  I  remit  it 
10  my  Proclamations  made  upon  thatSubjedt.* 
'  And  now  for  ihe  Papifts,  I  muft  put  a  Differ- 
rnce  betwixt  mine  own  private  Prnfeflion  of 
mine  own  Salvation,  and  my  politick  Govern- 
ment of  the  Realm  for  the  Weal  -^nd  Quielnefs 
thereof.  As  for  mine  own  Profeffion,  you 
have  me  your  Head  now  amongft  you  of  the 
fame  Religion  that  the  Body  is  of.  As  I  am 
no  Stranger  to  you  in  Blood  ,  no  more  am  I 
a  Stranger  lo  you  in  Faith,  or  in  the  IWatters 
concerning  the  Houfe  of  God.  And  although 
this  my  ProiefJion  be  according  to  mine  Edu- 
cation, wherein  ( I  thank  God )  I  fucked  the 
Milk  of  God's  Truth,  with  the  Milk  of  my 
Nurfe  :  Yet  do  I  here  proteft  unto  you,  that  I 
would  never  for  fuch  a  Conceit  of  Conftancy 
or  other  prcjudicaic  Opinion,  have  fo  firmly  kept 
my  firft  Profeflion,  if  I  had  not  found  it  agree- 
able to  all  Reafon,  and  to  the  Rule  of  my  Con- 
fcience.  B  .t  I  was  never  violent  nor  unrcafon- 
ablc  in  my  Profeflion  ;  I  acknowledge  the  Ra- 
man Church  to  be  our  Mother  Church,  although 
defiled  with  fomc  Infirmities  and  Corruptions,  as 
the  Jr^vs  were  when  they  crucified  Chriji :  And 
as  I  am  nont  Enemy  10  the  Life  of  a  lick  Man, 
hfcaufc  I  wauld  have  his  Body  purged  of  ill 
Humours ;  no  more  am  I  Enemy  to  their 
Church,  becaufe  I  would  have  them  reform 
their  Errors,  not  wifhing  the  Down-thiowing 
of  the  T'emple  ;  hut  that  it  might  be  purged  and 
cleanfed  from  Corruption  :  Otherwife,  How 
can  they  wifli  us  to  enter,  if  their  Houfc  be 

*  not 

,  I.  Jsmei  I. 

30      Hie  Parliament  an  H  i  stort 

not  firft  made  clean  ?  But  as  I  would  be  leather 
to  dtfpcnie  in  the  lead  Point  of  mine  own  Con- 
icicncc  for  any  wordly  Refpeft.  than  the 
foolifheft  Preciftan  of  them  all  ,  (o  would  I  be 
as  furry  to  rtraii  the  politick  Government  of 
the  Bodies  and  Mind's  of  all  my  Subjefta  10  my 
private  Opinions  :  Nay,  my  Mind  was  ever  fo 
free  from  Perfecution  or  Thralling  of  my  Sub- 
jects in  Matters  of  Confcience,  as  I  hope,  that 
ihofe  of  that  Profeflion  within  this  Kingdom 
have  a  Proof  fince  my  Coming,  tha:  I  was  lo 
far  from  increafing  their  Burdens  with  Rehoboam^ 
as  1  have  lb  much  as  cither  Time,  Occafion, 
or  Law  could  permir,  lightened  them.  And 
even  now  at  this  Time,  have  I  been  careful  lo 
revife  and  confider  deeply  upon  the  Laws  made 
againft  them,  that  ibmc  Overture  may  be  pro- 
poned  to  the  prefent  Parliament  for  clearing  thefe 
Laws,  by  Reafon,  f  which  is  the  Soul  of  the 
Law )  in  Cafe  ihey  have  been  in  Times  pall 
fuithfr,  or  more  rlgoroufly  extended  by  jLidges, 
than  the  Meaning  of  the  Law,  was,  or  might 
tend,  lo  the  Hurt  as  well  of  the  innocent  as  of 
guilty  Perfons.  And  as  to  the  Perfons  of  my  Sub- 
ie(5b  which  Lire  of  that  Prorefiion,  I  mult  divide 
them  into  two  Ranks,  Clericks  and  Layicka ; 
for  the  Part  of  the  Layicks,  certainly,  1  ever 
thought  them  iar  more  excufable  than  the  o- 
ther  Sort  ;  becaufe  thai  Sort  of  Religion  con- 
tflineth  f^ch  an  ignorant,  doubtful,  and  implicit 
Kmd  of  Faith  In  the  Layicks  grounded  upon, 
their  Churchy  as  except  ihcy  generally  believe 
whatfoever  their  Teachers  p!e.ire  to  affirm,  they 
cannot  Points 
of  Herefiesand  Corruptions,  wiiich  their  Teachers 
do  10  wilfully  profcfs.  And  .igain,  I  muil  fuh- 
dii'ide  the  iame  Liiiykks  mto  two  Ranks  \  that 
is,  either  qjiet  and  well  rumdeJ  Men,  peaceable 
Subjetfls,  who  either  being  old,  have  retained 
their  fiift  drunken-in  Liquor,  anon  a  ceriaia 
Shamcfacednefs  to  be  thought  curious  or  change- 
able i  or  being  young  Men,  thro*  evil  Education, 

'  have 

O/'E  N  G 

have  never  been  rurfcd  or  brought  up,  but  u-ah.  i,  jamwi 
pon  iuch  Venom  in  place  of  wholefomc  Nuif'i-        i^oi- 
mcnt  :  And  that  Sort  of  People,  I  would  be  fer- 
ry to  punifh  their  Bodies  for  the  Krror  of  their 
Minds,    the  Reformadon    whereof    muft  only 
come  of  God,  and  the  true  Spirit.    But  the  o- 
thcr   Ranlc  of   Layicks,   who,  either    itirough 
Curiofity,  Affeftation  of  Novelty,   or  Difcon- 
tenimcnt  in  their  private  Humours,  have  chan- 
ged their  CoatSi  only  to  be  fadlious  Stirrers  of 
Sedition,  and  Perturbers  of  the  Common- Wealih; 
their  Backwardncfs  in  their  Religion  giveth   a 
Ground  to  me  the  Magiftrate,  lo  take  the  better 
heed  to  their  Proceedings,  and  to  corrc^  their 
Obftinacy.     But  for  the  Part  of  the  Clericks,  I 
muft  direvlly  fay,  and  affirm.  That  as  long  as 
ihey  maintain  one  fpecial  Point  of  their  Doftrinc, 
and  another  Point  of  ihcir  Praiftice,  they  are  no 
Way   iuffcrablc    to  remain   in  this  Kingdom. 
Their  Point  of  Doc^lrinc,  is  that  arrogant  and 
ambitious  Supremacy  of  tht^ir  Head,  the  Pope  ; 
whereby,  he  no:  only  claims  to  be  Spititual  Head 
of  all  Chrtilians,  but  alfo  to  h  ivc  an  Imperial 
Civil  Power  over  al!  Kings  and  Emperors  ;  de- 
throning and  decrowning  Princes  with  his  Foot 
as  pleafeth  himj    and  dsfpcnCngand  difpofing  of 
all  Kingdoms  and  Empiresat  his  Appetite.    The 
other  Point  which   they  obfervs  in  continual 
Praflice,    is  the    AfTafllnates   and    Murders  of 
Kings;  thinking  it  no  Sin,  but  rather  a  Matter 
of  Salvation,    to  do  all  AtSls  of  Rebellion  anj 
Hoftility  againft  the'.r  natural  Sovereign  Lord, 
if  he  be  once  curfed,  his  Subjedls  diii:hiirged  of 
their  Fidelity,  and  his  Kingdom  given  a  Prey  by 
that  three  crowned- Monarch,  or  rather  Moofter, 
their  Head.     And  in  this  Point,  I  have  no  Oc- 
cafion  to  fpcak  further  here  ;  faving  that  I  could 
wifh  from  my  Heart,  that  it  would  pleafc  God 
'  to  make  me  one  of  the  Members  of  fuch  a  gene- 
ral Chriftian  Union  in  Religion,  as  laying  Wit- 
'  fulncfs  afide  on  both  Hands,  We  might  meet  in 
the  Midft,   which  is  the  Center  and  Perfeftion 

«  of 

An.  I.  JitMt  : 


The  Parliamentary  Historv 

• '  of  all  Things.  For,  if  they  wouM  leave,  and 
'  be  afiiamed  of  fuch  new  and  grofs  Corruptions  of 
'  iheirs,  as  ibemlelve^  cannot  maliii.^in,  nor  deny 
'  to  be  wbrtliy  of    Reformation  j  I  would,  for 

*  mine  own  Part,  be  content  to  meet  rheni  in 
'  the  Mid- Way,  fo  that  all  Novelties  might  be 
'  renounced  on  either  Side.     For  as  my  Faith  is 

*  the  true,     ancient  Catholicfc    and   Aportolick 

*  Faith,  grounded  upon  the  Scripture?  and  cxprefs 

*  Word  oi  God  :  So  will  I  ever  yield  all  Revc- 

*  rence  to  Antiquity  in  the  Points  of  £cc]e/iaftic3l 

*  Policy  1,  and  by  that  Means,  fliall  I  ever  witli 

*  God's  Grace,  keep  my  felf  from  cither  being  an 
'  Heretick  in  Faith,  or  Schifmatick  in  Matters  of 

*  Policy,    B-t  of  one  Thing  would  I  have  ihc 

*  Papitts  of  this  Land  to  be  admoniflied.  That 
'  they  prefume  not  lo  much  upon  my  Lenity 
'  fbecaufe  I  would  be  loath  to  be  thought  a  Perfe- 

*  cutor)  as  tficreupoii,  to  think  it  lawful  for  them 

*  daily  to  incrcafe  their  Number  and  Strengih  in 

*  this  Kingdom  ;    whereby,  if  not  in  my  Time, 

*  at  leafl  in  the  Time  of  my  Poftcrlty^  they  might 
'  be  in  hope  to  ereft  iheir  Religion  again.     No  ; 

*  let  them  alTure  ihemfelvcs,  That,  as  I  am  a 
'  Fritnd  to  their  Peilbns,  if  they  be  good  Subje^s  ; 

*  foam  1  an  avowed  Enemy,  and  dodenouncc  mor- 

*  tal  War  to  their  Errors :  And,  thatasi  wouldbe 

*  forry  to  be  drii/en  by  their  ill  Behaviour  from 

*  tht;  Proiedtion  and  Conlcrvation  of  their  Bodies 
'  and  Lives ;  fo  wUi  I  never  ceafe,    as  far  1  can, 

*  10  ire^d  diiWn  their  Errcrs  and  wronp;  Opinions. 
'  For,  I   could    not   periTiit    the    Increafe    and 

*  Growing  of  their  Religion,  wUhout  Firfl.  be- 

*  rraying  of  my  felf  and  mine  own  Confciencc  : 
'  Secondly,  This  whole  I  fie,  as  well  the  Part  I 
'  iim   come  frcjm.   as  the  Hart  I  remain  in,  in 

*  heir.iyinii  their  f.iberries,  and  red-.icing  them  to 

*  the  former  fl-.vifli  Yoak,  whijh  both, had  call 
'  o3  b;?fare  I  came  amongft  tiiem  :  And,  Third- 
'  ly.  The  Liberty  of  the  Crown  in  my  Pofterity, 

*  which  I  IhouJd  leave  ag?iin  in  Slavery  j  having 
'  found  it  left  free  to  me  by  my  Piedeceflbrs. 



0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        33 

And  therefore,  would  I  wifh  all  good  Subjefts^iu  i.  James  t. 

That  are  deceived  with  tliat  Corruption  ;  fir'ft,  if' 
they  find  any  Beginning  of  Inftindlion  in  them- 
felves  of  Knowledge  and  Love  to  the  Truth,  to 
foftcr  the  fame  by  all  lawful  Means,  and  to 
beware  of  quenching  the  Spirit  that  worketh 
within  ihem  ;  and  if  ihey  can  find  as  yet  no 
Amotion  tending  that  Way,  to  be  rtudtoua  to  read 
aiKJ  confer  with  learned  Men  ;  and  to  ufe  all 
Juch  Means  as  may  further  their  Refolution,  af- 
futiiig  ihemlelves,  that  as  long  as  they  are  dif- 
conform^blc  in  Religion  from  us,  they  cannot 
be  but  half  my  Subjects ;  be  able  lo  do  but  half 
Service,  and  I  to  want  the  beft  Hulf  of  them, 
which  is  their  Souls.  And  here  have  I  Oc- 
cafion  to  fpeak  to  you  my  Lords  the  Bifliopg : 
For  as  you,  my  Lord  of  Durhamy  fald  very 
learnedly  to  Day  in  your  Sermon,  Coneilisn 
withsut  Inflru^m^  is  but  a  Tyranny ;  fo  ought 
you,  and  all  the  Clergy  under  you,  to  be  more 
careful, vigilant,  and  diligent  you  have  been, 
to  win  iioiils  :o  God,  as  well  by  your  exemplary 
Xj'\(cy  as  Doiiilrine.  And  linceyou  fee  how  care- 
ful they  are,  fparing  neither  Labour,  Pains,  nor 
extreme  Peril  of  their  Perfons  to  divert,  fihe  De- 
vil (3  lb  bufy  a  Bifbop)  ye  fliould  be  the  mote 
careful  and  wakeful  in  your  Charges.  Follow 
the  Rule  prcfcrlbed  you  by  St.  Paul,  Be  careful 
to  fxbort  12nd  ta  iiffiru^  in  Seafn  and  out  $/  Sea- 
fin  ;  and  where  you  have  been  any  way  fluggiOi 
before,  now  waken  yourfelvea  up  again  with 
a  new  Diligence  in  this  Point,  remitting  the 
Succefs  to  God,  who  calling  them  either  at  the 
fccond,  third,  tenth  or  twelfth  Hour,  as  they 
'  are  alike  welcome  lo  him,  fo  fliail  they  be  to  me, 
his  Lieutenant  here. 

*  The  third  Rcafon  of  my  conveening  of  you  at 
this  Time,  which  cOntaincih  fuch  A<^tionsotmy 
'  Thankfulncfs  toward  you,  as  I  may  either  da, 
^  or  leave  undone,  yet  fhall,  with  God's  Grace, 
•  ever  prefs  to  pcrlorm  all  the  Days  of  my  Life: 
'  It  confifts  in  thefe  two  Points,  in  making  of  Laws 
Vot.  V.  C  'at 


The  'Parl'taweJitiiry  HisroB^r. 

Ab.  t.  Junes  li'  at  certain  Times,  which  is  only  at  fuch  Times 
xfipj.        *  as  this  in  Parliament,  or  in  the  careful  Execution 

*  thereof  at  all  other  Times.     As  for  the  making 

*  of  iheni,  I  will  thus  far  faithfully  promiie  unto 
'  you,  that  I  will  ever  prefer  the  Weal  of  the 
'  Body,  and  of  the  whole  Common -Wealth,  in 

*  making  of  g^^"^  Laws  and  Conftitutions,  to  any 
'  particular  or  private  Ends  of  mine,  thinking  ever 

*  ihe  Wealth  and  Weal  of  the  Common- Wealth 

*  to  be  my  greateft  Weal  and  wordly  Felicity  :  A 
'  Point  wherein  a  lawful  King  doth  direftly  differ 

■  from  a  Tyrant.  But  at  this  Time,  I  am  only 
'  thus  far  to  forwarn  you    in   thai  Point,    that 

*  you  beware  to  feek  the  making  of  too  many 

*  Laws,    for  two  efpecial  Reafons  :     Firft,  be- 

*  caufe    In    csnupt'iffma   Rspubiica  piurimts  Le- 

*  ges  ;  and  the  Execution  of  good  Laws  33 
'  fer  more  profitable  in  a  Common-V\''eal[h,  than 

*  to  burden  Men*s  Memories  with  the  mak- 
'  ing  of  ton  many  of  them.     And  next,  becaufe 

*  the  making  of  too  many  Laws  ia  one  Parliament, 
'  will  bring  in  Confulion,  for  Lack  of  Leifure 

*  wifely  to  deliberate  before  you  conclude :  For 

*  the  Biihop  faid  well  To-day,  that  to  Delibera- 

*  lion  would  a  large  T'ime  be  given,  but  to  Exe- 

*  cution  a  i^reaCer  Promptnefs  was  required.     As 

*  for  the  Execution  of  good  Laws,  it  hath  been 

■  very  wifely  and  honourably  forefeen  and  ordered 

*  by  my  PredecelVurs  in  this  Kingdom,  in  planting 

*  fuch  a  Number  of  Judges,  and  all  Sorts  of  Ma- 
'  girtrates  in  cont'enit-Mit  Places  for  the  Execution 
'  of  the  fame  :  And  therefore  muft  I  now  turn  me 
«  10  you  that  are  Judges  and  Magiftratcs  under 
'  me,  as  mine  Eyes  qnd  Ears  in  tliis  Cafe.     I  can 

*  hy  nont  ofherwife  to  yoU  then  as  Ezckun,  the 

*  good  Kin 3;  of  Jt/da,  ftid  10  their  Judges,  R^- 
«  member  that  the  ThroHfiyouJit  on  are  Ged's^.  and 
'  neither  yours  itsrniinf :  And  that  ag  you  muft  be 
'  anfwcrable  to  me,  10  muft  both  you  and  J  be 
'  anfwer-ibfe   to  God,     for  the  due  Execution 

*  of  our  Offices.     That  Place  is  no  Place  for  you 

*  to  uifef  your  Affcftions  in,  you  muft  not  there 

*  faatc 

hate  your  Foe  nor  love  your  Friend,  fear  the  ^„_ ,_  ,^^^.^ 
Offence  of  the  greater  Party,  or  pity  the  Mifcry  '  1603. 
of  the  meaner ;  ye  mufl:  be  blind  and  not  fee 
Diftindlions  of  Perfons,  handlels,  not  to  receive 
Bribes;. but  keep  that  ju ft  Temper  and  Mid- 
Coarfe  in  all  your  Proceedings,  that  like  a  juft 
Balance  ye  may  neither  fway  to  ihc  Right  nor 
Left  Hand.  Three  principal  Qualities  are  re- 
quired in  you,  Knowledge,  Courage,  and  Sin- 
cerity :  That  you  may  difcern  with  Knowledge, 
execute  with  Courage,  and  do  both  in  upright 
Sincerity.  And,  as  for  my  Part,  I  do  vow  and 
proicft  here  in  the  Prcfence  of  God,  and  of  this 
honourable  Audience,  I  ncvcr  (hall  be  weary,  • 

nor  omit  noOccafion,  wherein  I  may  fliew  my 
Carefulnefs  of  the  Execution  of  good  Laws. 
And  as  I  wifh  you  that  are  Judges  not  to  be 
weary  in  your  Office  in  doing  of  it  j  fo  I  (hall 
never  be  weary,  with  God's  Grace,  to  tike  Ac- 
count of  yoii,  which  is  properly  my  Calling. 
'  And  thus  having  told  ynu  the  three  Caufes  of 
my  convtruningof  this  Parliament,  all  three  tend- 
ing only  to  uuer  my  Th;inkrulnci5,  hut  in  divers 
Forms,  the  firft  by  Word,  the  other  two  by 
Aiflion  i  1  do  conltfs  that  when  I  luve  done  and 
performed  all  that  in  this  Speech  1  have  promifed, 
Jnutilii  Servuijum:  Inutilt^  becaufe  the  Meaning 
of  the  Word  inutilis  in  that  Phice  of  Scripture  iy 
undcrftood,  that  in  doing  all  that  Service  which 
we  can  to  God,  it  is  hut  our  Due,  and  we  do 
nothing  to  God  but  that  which  we  are  bound  to 
do.  And  in  like  Manner,  when  I  have  done  all 
that  I  can  for  you,  I  do  nothing  but  that  which 
I  am  bound  to  do,  and  am  accountable  to  God 
U[wn  the  conrriry  :  For  I  do  acknowledge,  that 
the  fpecLil  and  grcaieft  Point  of  Dift'erencc  that 
is  betwixt  a  ligbtful  Kmgandan  ulurping  Tyrant 
is  in  this ;  that  whereas  the  proud  and  ambitious 
Tyrant  doth  think  his  Kingdom  and  People  are 
only  ordained  for  Satisfaflion  of  his  Dcfircs  an<i 
unreafonablc  Appetites;  the  righieaus  and  juft 
Ktne  doth,  by  the  contrary,  acknowledge  him- 
C   2  ?  felf 

The  Tarliamefitary  Histort 

An  1    limes  I  '  fclfto  be  ordaincd  fot  ibe  procuring  of  tile  Wealth 
1603.       *  arid  Profperity  of  his  People,  and  that  his  grcat- 

*  eft  and  princip:il  Wordly  Felicity  muft  conlifl  in 
'  their  Profperity.  If  you  be  rich  f  cannot  be 
'  poor;  if  you  be  happy  I  cannot  bur  be  fortunate; 

*  and  I  proteft  that  your  Welfare  Ihall  ever  be  my 

*  greaieft  Care  and  Concentment :  And  that  I  am 
'  a  Servant  it  is  moft  true,  that  as  I  am  Head  and 

*  Governor  of  all  the  People  in  my  Dominion 
'  who  are  my  natural  Vad'als  and  Subjedts,  cQnli- 

*  dering  them  in  Numbers  and  difttnft  Ranks  5  io 

*  if  we  v'ill  take  the  whole  People  as  one  Body  and 
"  Mafs,    then  as  the  Head   is  ordained   for  the 

*  Body,  and  not  the  Body  for  the  Head  ;  fo  muft 

*  a  righteous  King  know  hlmfelf  to  be  ordained  for 

*  his  People,  and  not  his  People  for  him:  For 

*  although  a  King  and  People  be  Rilata^  yet  can 
'  he  be  no  King  if  he  want  People  and  Subjefts. 
'  But  there  be  many  People  in  the  World  that 
'  lack  a  Head,  wherefore  I  will  never  be  afhamed 
'  locoitfefslt  my  principal  Honour,  :o be  the  great 

*  Servant  of  the  Comroon-Wealih,  and  ever  think 
'  the  Prolperity  ihereof  to  be  my  greateft  Felicity, 
'  as  I  have  already  laid. 

*  But  as  it  was  the  whole  Body  of  this  Kingdom, 

*  with  an  uniform  AlTent  and  Harmony,  as  I  told 
■  you  in  the  Begixiniiig  of  my  Speech,  which  did 
'  fo  far  oblige  me  in  Good- Wilt  and  Thankfulnefs 

*  of  Requital  by  their  Alacrity  and  Rcadinefs  in  de- 

*  cbriug  and  receiving  me  to  that  Place  which  God 
'  hnd  provided  for  me,  and  not  any  particular  Per- 
'  Ions .  (for  then  it  not  been  the  Body)  So  is 

*  my  ThankfuhiL'fs  due  to  the  whole  State.  For 
'  even  as  in  Matter  ot  Faults,  ^ad  a  muh'ss  pecca- 

*  ttir,  impune peccdlur:  Even  fo  even  in  the  Ma t- 
'  ter  of  virtuous  and  good  Deeds,  what  is  done  by 

*  the  willing  Confent  and  Harmony  of  the  whole 

*  Body,    no  parttcuUr  Perfon  can   juftly  claim 

*  'I'hanks  as  proper  to  him  for  the  fame.  And 
'  therefore  1  muft  here  make  a  little  Apology  for 

*  myfelf,  in  that  I  could  not  fatisfy  the  particular 
'  Humours  of  every  Perfon,  that  looked  for  fomc 

'  Advance- 

0/  £  N  G  L  A  N  D.       57 

*  Advancement  or  Reward  army  Hand,  fircemyAm 

*  Enity  into  ihis  Kingdom.  Three  Kird  of  Things 

*  were  craved  of  me :  Advancement  to  Honour, 

*  Preferment  to  Place  of  Credit  about  my  Pcrfon, 

*  and  Reward  m  Matters  of  Land  or  Profit.    If  F 

*  had  beftowcd  Honour  upon  all,  no  Man  could 

*  have  been  advanc'd   to  Honour.     For  the  De- 

*  grces  of  Honour  do  confift  in  piefcrring  fome 

*  above  iheir  Fellows.     If  every  Man  had  the  like 

*  AcccfslorayPrivyorBcd-Chambcr,thcnnoMan 

*  could  have  it.becaule  it  caniiot  contain  all.    And 

*  if  I  had  beftowed  Lands  and  Rewards  upon  every 

*  Man,  the  Fountain  of  my  Liberality  would  be 

*  To  exhaullcd  and  dried,  ^s  I  would  lack  Means 

*  lo  be  liberal  loany  Man.  And  yet  was  I  not  fo 
'  fparing,  but  I  may,  wiihout  vaunting,  affirm, 
'  that  I  have  enlarged  my  Favour  in  all  the  three 

*  Degrees,  towards  as  many  and  muic  ihan  ever 

■  King  of  England  did  in  fo  Ciort  a ;  No,  I 
'  rather  ctave  your  Pardon  that  1  have  been  fo 

*  bountiful :  For  if  the  Means  of  the  Crown  be 
'  wafted,  1  behoved  then  to  have  Rccouri'c  loyoii 
'  my  Subjeds,  and  be  burdenfome  to  you,  whiLh 
'  I  would  be  lothefl  to  be  of  any  King  alive.    For 

■  as  it  is  true,  that  as  I  have  already  faid,  it  was  a 

*  whole  Body  which  did  deferve  fo  well  at  my 
'  Hand,  and  not  every  particular  Perfon  ol  the 

People :  Yet  were  there  fome  who  by  reafon  of 

their  Office,  Credit  with  the  People  or  oiherwife, 

'  took  Occafion  both  before,  and  at  the  Time  of 

my  coming  amongft  you,  to  give  Proof  of  their 

'  Loveand  Affedlion  towards  me.    Not  that  I  am 

'  any  way  in  Doubt,  that  if  other  of  my  Subjects 

had  been  in  iheir  Places,  and  had  had  the  like 

Occafion,  but  they  would  have  uttered  the  like 

good  Effe^s,  [io  general  and  fo  great  were  the 

Love  and  Alfedion  of  yuu  all  towards  me:)  But 

yet  this  having  been  performed  by  fame  fpecial 

Peifons,  I  could  not,  without  Unthankfulnefs, 

but  requite  ihem  accoidinjly.      And  therefore 

had  1  juft  Occafion  to  advance  fome  in  Honour, 

Ibme  to  Places  of  Service  about  me,  and  by  re- 

C   3  *  warding 

t.  funo  I. 


38    The^arlsamcntary  Histort 

An.  I.  Jxmesl.  <  warding  to  enable  fume  wlio  had  deferved  well 

'5-        •  of  tnc,  and  were  not  otherwife  able  to  maintain 

'  the  Ranks  I  thought  ihem  capable  of;  and  other?, 

*  who  although  they  had  not  particularly  dcfer^'ed 

*  before,  yet  1  found  them  capable  and  worthy  of 

*  Place  of  Preferment  and  Credit,  and  notable  to 

*  fuftain  thofe  Places  for  which  I  thought  them  fit, 

*  witliout  my  Help.     Two  efpecial  Caufes  movetl 

*  me  to  be  fo  open  handed  ;  wheicof  the  one  was 

*  reafonable  and  honourable;  but  the-other,  I  will 
'  not  be  afharaed  to  con  fefs  unto  you,  proceeded 
f  of  mine  own  Infirmity.     That  which  w-xs  juft 

*  *  and  honourable,  was,  that  being  fo  far  beholding 
'  to  theBody  of  the  whole  State,  1  thought  I  could 
'  not  refufe  to  let  run  Ibme  fniall  Hrouksout  ofthe 
'  Fountain  of  my  Thankfulncfs  to  the  whole,  for 

*  refreiliing  of  particuh^r  Perfons  ihat  were  Mern- 

*  bers  of  that  Multitude.     The  other,  which  pro- 

*  ceeded  outof  mineownlnfirmfty,  was  ihe  Miil- 

*  titudeand  Iinportiinity  of  Suitors.  Bat  although 
'  Reafon  come  by  Infufion  in  a  Manner,  yet  Ex- 

*  perience  groweth  with  Time  and  Labour:  And 
'  therefore  do  I  not  doubt,  but  Experience  inTime 

*  coming  will  both  teach  the  particular  Subje^sof 

*  this  Kingdom,  not  to  be  fo  importune  and  undif- 
*■  Crete  in  crsving;    and  me  not  to  be  fo  eafily 

*  and  lighily  moved,  in  granting  that  which  may 

*  be  harmful  to  my  Eftate,  and  confequently  to 

*  the  whole  Kmgdom. 
*  And  thus  having  at  length  declared  unto  yoti 

'  my  Mind  in  nil  rhe  Points,  for  the  which  I  cal- 
'  led  this  Parliament :  iVly  ConcIu(ion  Ihall  only 

*  now  be  to  excufc  myfelf,  in  Cafe  you  have  not 

*  found  fuch  Eloquence  in  my  Speech,  as  perad- 

*  venture  you  mifiht  have  looked  for  at  my  Hands. 

*  1  might,  if  1  lift,  aliedge  the  great  Weight  of 
^  my  Affairs  and  my  continual  Bufiiiefs  and  Diftrac- 
f  tion,  ihiU  I  could  never  have  Leifure  to  think 
\  upon  what  l  was  to  fpeak,  before  I  came  to  the 
'  Place  where  I  was  to  fpcak ;  And  I  might  alio 
*:  alledge,  that  my  firft  Sight  of  this  io  femoug  and 
'  honourable  an  Alianbly,  might  liktwifc  breed 

'  forae 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        sp 

'  fome  Impediment.     But  leaving  tbefc  Excufes,  An.  i.  Jameil 

*  I  will  plainly  and  freely,  in  my  Manner,  tell        1603. 

*  you  the  true  Caufe  of  it,  which  is,  that  it  be- 
'  Cometh  a  King,  in  my  Opinion,  to  ufe  no  other  ^ 

*  Eloquence  than  Plainnefs  and  Sincerity.     By 

*  Plainnefe  I  mean,  that  ]iis  Speeches  Hiould  be  fo 

*  clear  and  void  of  all  Ambiguity,  that  they  may 

*  not  be  thrown;  nor  rent  afunder  into  contrary 
'  Senfes  hkc  the  old  Oracles  of  the  Pagan  Gods, 

*  And  by  Sincerity,  I  underftand  that  Uprightners 

*  and   Honelty   whiL-h  ought  to  be  in  a   King's 
'  whole  Speeches  and  Adions:   That  as  far  as  a 

*  King  is  in  Honour  ercflcd  above  any  of  his  Sub- 

*  Jeds,  fo  far  fh&uld  he  llrive  in  Sinccruy  to  be 

*  above  ihcm  all,  and  that  his  Tongue  fliould  be 

*  ever  the  true  Meflenger  of  his  Heart:  And  ihU 

*  Sort  of  Eloquence  may  you  ever  aflurcdly  look 

*  for  at  my  Hands/ 

The  King's  long  Speech  being  ended,  ihe  Lord 
Chancellor  made  a  fliort  one,  according  to  Form 
and  Order  j  and,  in  the  End,  figpified  his  Ma- 
jcfly's  Pleafure  to  the  Commons,  that  they  Ihould 
go  and  make  Choice  of  a  Spc.tker,  and  prefent  him 
10  the  King  on  the  22d  of  the  fame  Month,  or 
three  Days  after.  Accordingly,  on  the  faid  Day, 
Sir  Edward  Philips^  Knt.  King's  Serjeant,  W3Ss;,Ej^^p|,gi. 
brought  up  to  the  Bar  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  by  lips.ttt.Sptikcr. 
fcvcral  Knights  and  Burgeflea,  as  their  Speaker, 
and,  wiih  the  ufual  Ceremonies,  was  allowed. 

The  yeurridls  of  the  Hniife  of  Commons,  for 
this,  and  all  the  fucceeding  Parliaments,  arc  much 
more  copious  and  circumftatnial  than  formerly  ; 
therefore  to  take  Notice  of  every  Incident,  would 
be  endlefs.  For  the  firfl  Days  of  this  Seflion,  they 
are  moflly  taken  up  with  regulating  Elcftions,  and 
afcertaining  Privileges,  tsfc.  which  we  fbal!  omit  ; 
except  the  famous  Cafe  of  Sir  Framis  Goodwin  ai^d 
Sir  Jekti  Foru/a^.,  which  muft  find  a  Place  in  ihcfe 
Enquiries  When  any  Thing  clfc  occurs  in  ihele 
Journals,  not  taken  Notice  of  by  the  Lords,  it  - 
ihaJt  alfo  find  a  Place ;  and,  they  begin  the  firft  Par- 



40    TbeTarltamentary  Histort 

Aa.  1.  Jamcil.  liament  of  this  King  with   a  very  extraordinary 
«««3»        preface;   which,  for  the  Rarity  of  ic>  delcrves  \\\- 

Lunts,  Martsi  ig,  1603. 
After  reciting  the  Time  of  the  Seflion,  with  the 
King'sTiileSjdiff ,  it  goes  on  in  the  followingManner. 

_  LiCEAr    PREFER L 

RematkahicPK.  T^  H  E  firft  Frame  of  this  earthly  Body  of  a 
fiat  to  the  Jour-  J_  Chsos  became  a  diftinft  Eflence  of  Crea- 
nahof  Thii  Par-  x,Mx&i.  (h)  Man,  the  moft  noble  by  Nature*  born 
pawxai,  to  a  Law,  out  of  rh:it  gave  Law  to  others,  and  to 

himfelf.     Hence  Order,   the  Luftre  of  Nature, 
'  guided  by  a  Firft  EJTence,  put  all  Government  into 

Foirm:  Firft,  In  Two,  who,  by  Procreation,  ac- 
cording to  the  Rule  of  Power  (Increafe  and  multi- 
ply) made  a, Family,  with  One  Head ;  by  Propa- 
gation, a  Tribe,  or  Kindred,  with  One  Elder,  or 
Chief;  by  Multiplicaliun,  a  Society,  a  Province, 
a  Country,  a  Kingdom,  with  one  or  more  Guides 
or  Leaders,  of  Spirit,  apteft,  orj  of  Choice,  littcft, 
to  govern. 

This  Divifion,  forting  irfelf  into  Proprieties,  fell, 
in  Parts  of  Right,  greater  and  fmaller,  to  foire 
Tribe,  Kindred,  or  eleQive  Change  of  Perfon. 
f^idjjitudo  RcfUffty  the  Herald  of  Time,  doth  war- 
rant this  to  be  the  true  original  Pedigree  of  Go- 
vernment; and,  by  a  preferir  Change,  in  our  own 
Eyes,  hath  made  the  Demonf^ration  more  fubje^ 
to  our  Scnlc,  by  our  Lofs  of  an  excellent  Princefs, 
by  our  Gain  of  a  Succeflor,  for  eminent  Virtue, 
■nd  Experience  in  Government,  famous,  and 
pcerlefsj  leading  us,  by  a  momentary  Fear,  to  a 
bctrer  Sight  of  a  permanent  Happinefi:  The  Tafte 
and  Comfort  of  %vhfcb  Happincfs  did  firft  entertain 
us  bv  iiis  Majelly's  Entry  in  Peace,  by  hjs  Paflage 
wilh  Acceptance,  and  by  hJF  Settling  with  Glory 
^  and  policy,  wherein  (his  firft  Moving  bearing  fome 
Rcfen^blance  of  a  new  World)  his  firft  Care  was, 
10  rc-crcaie  and  renew  his  Laws,  the  Life  uf  Go- 
vernmeiii,  by  the  greatcft  Council  of  the  King- 
(kj  riom  ihe  itfiotcd  Journtihof  xMfi  Cosunonij  p,  im. 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        41 

dom,  the  High-Court  of  Parliament  j  which,  be-J^n,  ,.  jKncii7 
ing  compounded  of  the  three  Eftates  (the  Body  1603. 
Rcprelentativc  of  this  Common  -Wealth)  was, 
of  Cuftom,  and,  in  a  manner,  of  Neceflity,  to 
be  ailerobled  at  the  City  of  tyejhmnjier^  adjoining 
to  the  City  of  L$ndon,  the  Metropolis,  or  Mothcr- 
Ciiy,  of  the  Kingdom:  But,  becaufe  thofe  Cities, 
as  likewife  many  other  Parts  of  the  Land,  were  at 
that  Time,  and  long  after,  overfpread  wiili  a  dan- 
gerous Contagion  of  Feitilence,  the  Summons  of 
that  Aflembly  was  deferred  until  ihe  One-and- thir- 
tieth of  y^wK^jry,  1603,  next  following:  At  which 
Time,  the  Heat  of  ihat  great  Sicknefs  abating,  his 
Majefty,  by  the  Advice  of  his  Council,  gave  War- 
rant, under  his  Signature,  to  the  Lord  ElUfmerf, 
Lord  Chancellor  of  England,  10  fend  forth  Writs 
of  Summons,  directed  to  the  Lords  Spiritual  and 
Temporal,  and  the  Commons,  of  this  iCingdom : 

We  ftiall  omit  the  Form  of  the  Writ  in  the 
yournali  and  fome  other  Ceremonies,  and  pafs  on 
to  the  Speaker's  Oration  made  to  the  King,  on  his 
being  confirmed  in  that  Office,  which  the  fame 
Authority  gives  us  in  thefe  Words : 

Mofi  renffwntd,   and  of  all  other  vioji  worthy  ta  hi 
admiudy  Sovereign: 

*  A    S  the  fupieme  nnd  all-powerful  King  ofxhe  SpcaJcw's 

*  l^\^    Heaven  hath  created  Man  to  govern  hisOnttan  to  the 

*  Works,  (o  did  he  depute  terreftrial  Kings,   iii*^'''^- 
'  whom  his  Image  was,  to  govern  Men ;  but  yet 

»  fo,  as  Hill  to  think,  that  they  chcmfelves  are  but 
'  Men:  And  to  thiit  End  adorned  them  with  three 

*  Imperial  En/igns  of  Honour  i  a  Crown,  a  Scep- 
'  tcr,  and  a  Sworo  ■,    commanding  to  the  Crown 

*  Reverence,  to  the  Scepter  Obedience,  and  to  the 

*  Sword  Fear;    Wherewith,    in  his  divine  Diftri- 

*  bution  of  Kings  and  Kingdoms,  he  hath  magni- 

*  ficd  and  invclted  your  facred  Perfun,  in  the  Im- 

*  petial  Throne  of  ihis  moft  victorious  and  happy 

*  Nation,  wherein  you  now  do,  and  Nejicr  like, 

*  long  may,  fit ;  not  as  a  Conqueror,  by  the  Sword, 
'  but  as  an  undoubted  Inheritor,  hy  the  Scepter; 

'  not 



arltantcntary  Histort 

An.  z.  JatHrt  I. '  ^^^  25  a  Stepfather,  by  Match  or  Alliance*  hut 
jfoj,  *  as  a  true  tender  ^Father,  by  Defcent  of  Na- 
ture, to  whom  we  your  Children  are  truly  natu- 
'  raHzcd  in  our  Subjeftion,  and  frotn  whom  in  our 
'  Loyalty  we  expedt  unto  U5  a  piternal  Proteili  ■ 
'  on:  The  Ark  of  Government  of  which  King- 
'  dom  hath  ever  been  fteercd  by  the  Laws  of  the 
'  fame;  and  ihefe  diftributcd  to  the  Juril'diftion  of 
'  ieveral  Courts  of  Juftice;  the  Commanding  and 
'  Imperial  Court  whereof  is  ihis  your  Majefty's 

■  Great  and  IKgh  Court  of  P-irliainent  J  by  whofc 
'•  Power  only  new  Laws  are  to  be  inftituted,  Im- 
'  perfe6l  Laws  reformed,    and  inconvenient  Laws 

■  abrogated;  whofe  Jufticc  therein  js  fuch,  and  fo 
'  abfoliite,  (hat  no  Ibch  Laws  can  either  be  infti- 
'  tuled,  reformed,  or  abrogated,  but  by  the  Unity 

of  the  Commons  Agreement,  the  Lords  Accord, 
'  and  your  Majcfty's  Royal  and  Regal  AiTenr ;  on- 
'  ly  to  your  Highnefs's  Prerogative  Nullity,  by 

■  your  own  Difaflent  tp  their  Conclufions,  belong- 
eth;  for  that  this  Court  itanderh  compounded  of 
two  Powers ;   the  one  ordinary,    the  oiher  abfo- 

'  lute:  Ordinary,  in  the  Lords  and  Commons 
Proceedings;  bur  in  your  Highnef:!.  abfoluie,  ei- 
ther negatively  to  fruftrate,  or  affirmaiively  to 
confirm;  but  not  to  inftiiute.  The  Body  of 
which  Court  or  Council  of  Eftate  confifteth  of 
two  Houfesi  the  one,  the  Lower  Houfe  of  Par- 
liament, the  Members  whereof  arc  the  Knights 
of  Shires,  and  Burgefles  of  Towns  and  Corpo- 
raiioiis ;  the  other,  the  Higher  Houfe,  framed 
of  the  Lords  Spiritual  and  Temporal;  The  per- 
fonal  Attendance  of  all  which  particular  Mem- 
bers your  Majelty,  by  your  Prerogative  Royal, 
hath  now  commanded;  and  accordingly  your 
dutiful  and  loyal  Subjedti,  the  "Knights  and  Bur- 
gefles of  the  Lower  Houfe,  h.ive  therein  prefeni- 
cd  ihemfelves,  and,  atifwerable  to  the  antient 
Privilege  of  that  Place,  and  your  gracious  Li- 
berty and  Favour  to  them  vouchfafed,  the  better 
thereby  to  avoid  the  Inconvenience  of  Parity,  the 
M,other  of  Confufion   and  Enemy  to  Unity, 

.     .  *  have 


G  LA  N  D.       43 

have  nominated  my  worthlefs  Self  their  unwor-An-  »•  >ni«] 
thy  Speaker;    wherein  although  their  AffeiSlions  °^' 

and  Loves  (the  Abufes  of  true  Opinion  and 
Judgment^  have  1n  ihis  mifguided  their  former 
known  and  approved  VVifdoms;  yet  it  rcftcih  in 
your  Regal' Power,  either  to  breathe  Life,  or 
pronounce  Death  to  this  tlieir  yet  unwarranted 
Nomination.  Give  me  Leave  therefore,  mod 
prudent  and  deferring  Sovereign,  lo  appeal  from 
their  mifted  Opinions,  by  the  Mifguide  of  their 
Favours,  to  your  approved  Juftice  and  Judg- 
ment i  and  rather  therein  to  blemifh  my  defedlivc 
Self,  by  layin;/,  open  my  fecrel  Imperfc(^ion5, 
and  thereby  endamaging  only  mine  own  particu- 
lar Private,  than  to  deceive  their  Hopes  (being  * 
of  mc  but  waking  Dreams)  and  wrong  the 
Weight  of  this  fo  great  and  important  public 
Service  y  which  requireth  to  be  managed  by  the 
ablblute  Pcrfedion  of  Experience,  the  Mother 
of  Prudence;  by  the  Profoundncfs  of  Literature, 
the  Father  of  true  Judgment  j  and  by  the  Ful- 
ncfs  and  Grace  of  Nature's  Gifts,  which  are  the  ^ 

Beauty  and  Ornament  of  Arts  and  Adlions ; 
from  the  Virtues  of  all  and  every  whereof  I  am 
fo  far  eftranged,  that  not  tailing  of  Parnajfus*% 
Sprkigs  at  all,  nor  of  that  Honey,  left  upon  the 
Lips  of  Plato  and  Pinddrui  by  the  Bees,  Birds  of 
the  Mufcs ;  as  I  remain  touched  with  the  Error 
of  the  contrary,  and  thereby  am  difabled  to  un- 
dergo the  Weight  of  fo  heavy  a  Burthen,  under 
which  I  do  already  groan,  and  {hall  both  faint 
and  fail,  if  not  by  your  Juftice  disburthencd, 
or  by  your  Clemency  commiferatc.  I  There- 
fore, proftrating  raylelf  at  the  Foot  of  your  Ju- 
ftice-feat,  do  implore  my  Difcharge;  not  moved 
thereto  by  any  co!d  Humour  to  your  Highnefs's 
Service  ffor  therein  I  rather  chufe  to  be  coaled 
by  Death,  than  by  Wane  of  Will  to  neglect  tfie  . 
fame)  but  only  through  the  froll  bitten  DefeOs  of 
mine  own  Imperfections;  which  if  they  could 
be  repaired  Mina's  true  Zeal  to  effet!^  that, 
>vhich  my  Heart  deiircLh,  thcA  i-ifc  brcatbcth' 

'      •     ■     ^  m 

The  Tarliamentary  History 

An"  J»nies  T. '  "'^^  '"  *^^^  Body,    who  more  longelh  to  employ 
1603.        '  ihc  fame  in  all  Duties,  ihat  may  to  your  Majdty 

*  be  ferviceable,  or  to  your  Highnels  acceptable. 
'  Notwithftanding,  as  your  devoled  Subject  and 
'  Servant,  I  onlv  and  wholy  rubjedt  mylelfj  my 
'  Stale,  and  Life,  as  the  true  Subject  of  yourgra- 
'  cious  Pleafure;  defiring  not  longer  lo  live,  than 
'  fo  to  live,  ibat  my  Breath  and  Life  may  breathe 
'  out  to  your  Miijefty  Lovahy,  Faith,  and  Obe- 

*  dience,  whereof  my  Life  and  Deaih  fhall  be  my 

*  Pawn  and  Pledge/ 

Here  he  ftopp'd;  but  being  told  by  ibe  Lord 
Chancellor  that  the  King  would  not  excule  him, 
but  Confirm  the  Eleftion  of  ihe  Commons  j  he  then 

'  T  F  a  divided  Mind  may  frame  a  well-joincd 
'  JL  Anfvver,  then  may  I  fay.  Too  much,  more 
'  than  too  JLiftly,  may  your  Majefty  contemn  my 
'  Wants,  but  never  condemn  my  Want  of  Duty : 

*  For,  although  in  this  Place  of  Employment 
'  ^now  commanded)  I  ought,  and  do,  give  Pie- 

*  ccdcncy  to  many,  yet  to  none  in  my  Will  to  do 
'  you  Service ;  for  therein  my  Zea!  fhall  ever  re- 
'  lemblc  the  Fire,  hot,  and  yet  trembling ;  hot, 
'  in  my  Defire  to  difcharge  the  full  Meafure  of  my 
'  Duty  ;  but,  Pifandcr  like,  trembling,  in  my 
'  Fear^  left,  through  my  Imperfei^tions,  I  fail  in 
'  that,  which  I  fhould  perform.  My  Courfe  of 
'  Life  hath  not  been  much  conTerfani  in  the  Study 

*  of  Arts,  which  might  make  me  fpeak  fcripta  vel 

*  fculpta,  as  Demoftkcnes  wilhed  j  nor  m  the  Poli- 
'  cies  of  State,  of  which  a  Subjcdl  to  hi?  Sovereign 

*  muft  fpeak  breviter  aut  fuav.tev  \  but  in  the  Pro- 

*  feflion  and  Praftice  of  the  Laws,  which  are  Ner- 

*  vt  RepiMciS  es  Ligament a^  the  Bends  and  Sinews 
'  of  this  Kingdom  j    which  yield  more  Fruits  of 

*  Rcafon,  than  Words,  the  Buds  ot  Art,  and  blof- 
'  fuminy;  Terms  of  Eloquence:    And  therefore  to 

*  confine  myfelf  within  the  proper  Element  of  ray 

*  Profeflion,  and  not  to  aim  and  Inatch  at  Things 

*  be- 

*  beyond  my  Reach ;  be  pleafed,  of  all  others  moft  An.  i.  James  i 

*  renowned  Sovereign,  m  few  and  unfiled  Words,       »6o3. 

*  to  entertain  with  your  gracious  Afpcft  a  compa- 
■  rative  Rcrembkncc  between  a  Body  by  Nature, 

*  and  the  Body  Politic   of    this  your  Majefty*s 

*  Common-Wealth,  figured  and  drawn  out  of  the 

*  Rules  of  Law;  whereof,  as  the  natural  Body  of 

*  the  one  is  fraraeJ  of  four  principal  Parts,  namc- 

*  \y,   of  a  Head,  of  a  Body,  of  a  Life,  and  of  a 

*  Souli    lo  is  the  Politic  Body  of  the  other  cora- 

*  pounded  of  like  Four  eflential  Members ;  as  of  a 
'  Head,   of  a  Body,   of  a  Life,   and  of  a  Sou) : 

*  And  as,  by  the  Disbranching  of  any  one  Parlicu- 
'  lar  from  the  natural  Body,  ihe  Perfection  of  the         * 

*  Whole   is  diflblved  ;    fo,  by   the  Hifmembring 

*  from  the  Politic  Body  of  any  one  of  ihc  Four 
'  Poliric  Parts,  the  Glory  of  the  Whole  isdilroot- 

*  ed.     This  Politic  Head  now  is  (and  we  all,  with 

*  one  zealous  and  united  Devotion,  pray,  long  and 

*  long  may  be)  your  moft  honoured  and  beft  defer- 

*  ving  Self;  this  I*ody  Politic  now  is,  and  Hill  de- 
'  fire  to  be,    your  loyal  and  faithful  Subje£is ;    this 

*  Politic  Life  now  is,  and  fo  wei!  dcferves  to  be, 
'  your  Highnefs's  common  and  pofitiveLaws;  this 

*  roliiicSoul  now  is,  and  lo  of  Neccfljiy  muft  be, 

*  your  abfolute  Juftice  in  the  true  Diftribution  of 

*  the  fame.     And  as  the  natura!  Head  of  the  one 

*  (altliough  the  Prince,    and  dircfting  Part  of  ihe 

*  Whole)  cannot  be  lupported  without  his  natural 

*  Body,    nor  the  natural  Body  without  his  natural 

*  Life,  nor  tlie  natural   Life  breathe  without  the 

*  Soul  5  no  more  can  the  Politic  Head  of  the  other 
'  (although  the  fupreme  and  commanding  Part) 
'  ftand  fecure  without  his  Subjcifls,  being  the  Poli- 

*  lie  Body,  nor  the  Politic  Body  without  his  Laws, 
'  being  his  Politic  Life,   nor  his  Politic  Life  with- 

*  out  his  Politic  Soul,  being  Execution.     And  as 

*  the  natural  Body  of  the  one  is  fubjcil  to  the  Im-  ' 

*  perfedlions  of  Nature,  and,  in  bell  Health  and 

*  Fulncfs,    iindeth  leaft  his  Danger  i    fo,  in  Peace 

*  and  Plenty,   is  the  other  fubjeCt  to  Enormities  of 

*  Mifguide  and  Errori  which  made  good  Laws 

'  fpiing 

46      The  Tarliawentary  Historv 

An.  I.  Jama  I.*  Tpting  out  of  bad  Manners;   for  if  Difcafcs  were 
»6o3.        '  not,  there  needs  no  Medicines ;  nor  Ul'e  of  Laws, 

*  but  for  Reftraint  of  Evi!s.     The  natural  Head's 

*  Providence  protedeth  the  Body  !rom  grofs  Dif- 

*  eafcs,  and   difcreet  Forefight  preventeth  Afier- 

*  claps  of  Danger  i    fo  the  Wifdom,    Prudence, 

*  and  good  Guide  of  the  Politic  Head,    is  the  fo- 

*  vereign  Prefervative  againft  the  intedtious  Poifon 
'  of  Difcord  and  Diforder :  And  as  10  each  Part  of 

*  the  nauiral  Body  belongeth  divers,  feveral,  and 
<  divided  Duties  »nd  Offices  to  be  performed  ;  fo  is 

*  (or  ought  to  be)  every  Pait  of  the  Poliiic  Body 

*  attended  on  wiih  Four  particular  Vinues  and  Pro- 

*  perties:  As,  to  the  Head  there  belongeth,  firft, 
'  Zeal  in  Religion,  whereby  Gud  may  be  truly 
'  honoured  i  fecondly.  Prudence  in  conftitutirg 
'  Laws,  whereby  the  Body  may  be  rightly  gover- 
'  ned;  thirdly,  Magnanimity,  to  repel  the  Fury, 
'both  of  Foes  and  Fortunes;  founhly,  Juftice, 
'  tempered  lo  with  Mercy,  whereby  the  well-dif- 

*  pofed  may  not  be  drawn  to  prefume,  nor  the  rafli 
'  and  negligent  Delinquent  driven  to  Defpatr:  To 

*  the  Body*  firft.  Devotion,  to  pray  for  the  Safc- 
?  ly  of  fo  precious  an  Head  ;  leccndly.  Minds  and 

*  Wills  to  obey  him  in  all  faithful  Loyalty  ;  ihird- 
'  ly.  Hands  and  Hearts,  as  Brethren  in  Unity,  to 
'  fight  againft  the  common  Enemy  in  Defence  of 
'  his  Royal  Dignity;  fourthly,  Purfes  prepared  and 

*  open  to  fupply  the  neccflary  Occafions  of  his  So- 
'  vereignty  :  To  the  Lile,  being  the  Law,  belong- 
'  eth,  firil,  to  inform  you  oar  Hrince,  how  us  your 

*  Subjedb  to  command  j  fecondly,  to  direct  U3  your 
'  Subjects,  how  you  our  Sovereign  to  obey  ;  third- 
'  ly,  lo  inftrufl:  your  Highneis's  Magiftr:ites,  and 

,      *  Officers  of  Juftice,  wiih  Knowledge  how  to  ad- 
fc  '  judge  ;  fourrhly,  to  teach  your  Minsflers  of  Go- 

*  vernment  the  Mean  and  Manner  how  to  difcJ- 
'pline;    for  Ignorance  of  Laws  brings  Error  in 

*  Judgment,  and  Error  or  Conuplion  in  Judgment 

*  is  the  very  Plague  of  the  Innocent:  The  Soul, 
'  being  Execution,  requireih,  firft,  lo  preferve  the 

*  Aulhoiity  of  Laws  from  Contempt ;    fecondly, 

*  to  maintain  the  Power  of  Government  in  his  ab-  ^^^  ^    . 

*  foluie  Virtue  i  thirdly,  to  proieil  the  Opprcfied     '  1603. 

*  from  the  Tyranny  of  Opptcfllon;    fourthly,  to 

*  corrc^  the  Opprefibrs  with  the  Sword  of  judicial 

*  Ccnfurc,   that  your  Laws  may  not  be  Cobwebs 

*  to  punifh  little  Kites,  and  let  ihc  great  efcape  i 

*  for  Lenity  and  Gemlcnefs  to  fuch  fo  bad,    h  no- 

*  thing  elfc  but  Cruelty  to  them  that  ate  good.     A 

*  Body  of  thefe  Mixtures,   thus  compounded,  is 

*  both  to  the  Prince  and  Subjedls  in  Earth,  and  all 

*  earthly  Things,   Summum  Bmum,    Vox  the  firft 

*  /our  Virtues  of  ihi:  Head  God  is  honoured,    the 

*  People  governed,  Enemies  are  repelled,  Juftice 

*  without  Tyranny,  and  Mercy  without  Remi(lhc6 

*  didributed.     By  the  fccond  Four  Duties  of  the 

*  Body,    the  Head  is  fecured.  Loyalty  performed, 

*  Royalty  defended,  Sovereignly  in  Wars  maimain- 

*  ed,  and   in  Peace  adorned.     By  the  third  Four 

*  Properties  of  the  Life,  being  the  Law,  Cora- 

*  mandments  are  rightly  commanded.  Obedience 

*  is  truly  yielded,  Judgments  with  Knowledge  aic 

*  pronounced,  Executions  without  Error  executed. 

*  ^y  the  lafl.  Four  Offices  of  the  Soul,  ^eing  Exe- 

*  cution,  you  fliall  find  Laws  in  Authority  prcier- 

*  ved.  Government  in  his  Virtue  maintained,  the 

*  Oppreflcd  flrongly,    yea,  gracioufly,  protefted, 

*  and  the  Opprellbrs  fharply  and  worthily  correft- 
.*cd.     And  if    any   Kingdom   and  Body    Politic 

*  might  appropriate  the  Pcrfcdtion  of  this  fo  blefled 

*  Happinefs  to  ihemfelves,  it  is  we,  now  your  Ma- 

*  jelly's  Subjefls,  in  our  late  deccaled  Ibvereign 

*  Queen,    and  in  you,   our  liege  and  living  King : 

*  For  fuch  was  the  Virtue  of  her  princely  Regi- 
'  ment,  that,  as  living,  {lie  lived,  of  her  Sex,  the 
'  Wonder  of  her  Time  i  fo,  now  dead,  fhe  liveili 

*  a  true  Mirror  to  all  fucceeding  Ages.    For  that  m 

*  her  Religion  flic  was  zealous,  without  Wavering ; 

*  in  her  Counfels  wife,    without  Levity  ;    in  her 

*  Detcrminings  deliberate,  without  Rafhnefe;    in 

*  her  Rcfolutions  conftant,  without  Mutability;  in 

*  her  Juftice  abfolute,   without  Cruelty  ;    in  her 

*  Mercy  temperate,   without  carelei's  Remiflhefs; 


'amei  I. 

An.  I.  Janes  I. 

The  Tarliamentary  History 

'  in  her  Choice  of  Magiftrates  of  Juftice,  and  Of- 

*  ficers  of  Attendance,  curioufly  refpeflive,  with- 

*  out  fudden  AdmifTion;  firft,  trying  their  Deferts 

*  by  the  Tcuchftone  of  her  Council's  Cenfure ; 
'  and,  fecondly,  approving  them  in  the  Fire  of  the 
'  Worth  of  their  own  Virtues,  and  not  by  the 
'  Value  of  their  own  corrupt-given  Rewards;  mif- 

*  liking  fnaky  Ambition,  that  winds  itfelf  into  ma- 

*  ny  Figures*    till  it  Jlide  into  the  Room  which  ic 

*  defircsi  bu:  ever  condemning  it  as  an  Evil  of  dan- 
'  gerous  Confequence,  to  place  worthleis  Men  m 
'  worthy  Places;  foreknowing,  they  that  want  true 

*  Sufficiency  to  raJfe  themfelves,  will  make  them  a 
'  ladder  of  any  Mifchief:  Secondly,  as  aThing 

*  to  herfelf  diflionourable,  unlefs  with  Virtue  fhe 
'  held  the  Scales,  and  weighed  their  Deferts  in  the- 

*  Balance  of  Honour:  Thirdly,  to  her  Subjetts  in- 

*  tolerable,  to  impofe,  cr  fuffer,  in  Place  of  Juf- 

*  tice,  a  bribing  and  corrupt  Magiftrate:  And  laft- 

*  ly,  to  the  Government  of  the  Eftate  Ilie  efteem- 

*  cd  ihem  the  Rocks  of  Government's  Reproach, 
'  the  Quick-fands  of  true  Juftice,   and  the  Whirl- 

*  pool  of  the  Common-VV^ealth's  Decay;  whcre- 
'  in,    if  in  oughr  mifled  by  the  Error  of  Informa- 

*  tion  Cfrom  which  the  King  of  Heaven  only,  and 

*  no  King  on' Earth,  is  free)  theirs,  and  not.  her's, 

*  was  the  defervcd  B!ameof  that  Offence;  whofe 
■  Example  therein,  being  dead,  if  in  ought  fo  mif- 
\  guided,  liveth  to  the  Living  a  lively  Admonifli- 

*  cr,    both   to  abhor    and    abandon    temporizing 

*  Smoothers,    Miitchiivilian  Politiquers,    and  cor- 

*  rupt  bribing  Informers,    as  the  venemous  Poifon- 

*  ers  of  Viiiue^s  clear  Fountain.  By  which,  and 
'  many  other  her  princely  Governments,  we,  her 
'People,  loved  her  with  our  Henrts  true  Love; 
'  obeyed  her  with  Confcience,  not  by  Conllraint, 
'  feared  for  her,  never  feared  by  her  ;  prayed  for 
'  her  with  the  Spirit  of  Faith ;  and  lived  to  die  for 

her  in  all  conftant  Loyalty.     The  fame  Love, 
'  the  fame  Obedience,  the  fame  Fear,  the  fame 

*  Faith,  and  the  fclf-famc  Loyally,  we  ftiU  retain, 
'  and  faithfully,  coiiftantly,  and  reiigioully  profefe, 

*  proicft. 

0/    ENGLAND. 


proteft,  and  prefent  to  your  moft  facrcd M^jcftyi ^n.  i.*hmeil 

■  lefolving  ourfelves,  that,  as  by  Nature,  yoa  both 

*  defcended  from  thit  blcffed  Root  of  Union,  un- 

*  der  whom,  by  whom,  and  from  wliom,  flic  did, 

*  and  your  Majedy  now  doth,   wear  and  bear  the 

*  Imprrial  Crown  and  Scepter  of  rhis  thrice  blefled 
«  Monarchy;  that,  as  fhc  did,  (o  your  Majefty  will 
'  bud   the  like  or  greater  Fruits  of  I'uch  a  Sohmcn, 

*  and  fo  heroic  a  Root;  whereof  your  Zeal  in  Rc- 

*  ligion,   your  unblemiflied  Couric  of  Life,    your 

*  Precedence  before  all  other  Prince?  in  divine  and  * 

*  moral  Literature,  your  Tcmperdnce  in  Dilpoli- 

*  lion,  your  Juftice  in  your  Judgments,  your  Mer- 
'  cy  to  Delinquents,  and  your  approved  Magnani* 

*  mity  in  Dangers,  thefe  all  give  us  Aliurance,  that 
'  we  have  but  exchanged  our  cxquiliie  Queen  for 
'  an  abfoluie  King;    And  if  Succefs  of  Ends  may 

*  be  foreknown  by  their  Beginnings,  and  Conclufi- 

*  ons  approved  by  the  Premifes, then  may  I  conclude, 

*  that  never  were  f^)  more  blclFed  ia  ihcir  King, 
'  nor  King  more  beloved  and  happy  in  his  People  : 

*  For  fuch,  and  fa  high,  was  and  is  our  Efteem 

*  of  your  princely  Defcrts,  and  fuch,  and  fo  great, 

*  dkl  and  do  we  value  the  Price  of  yoi;r  eminent 

*  andunmatchablcPcrfe<5tion3,  that  without  Hearts 

*  grudging,  Minds  murmuring,  or  Thoughts  dif- 

*  content  [fomc  few  inipoftumed  Pcrfons,  now  dif- 

*  vomited,  excepted)  you  wear,  and  long  may 
'  wear,  the  Imperial  Crown  of  this  right  powerful 
«  Kinpdom  ;  whole  People  your  Msjelly  fiiall  find, 

*  by  ProfclTion,  to  be  religious,  without  faniaftical 

*  Curiofity ;    by  Nature,  to  be  refolute,  without 

*  Infolcncy  i  by  Subjection,  lo  be  loyal  and  faith- 
'  ful,  without  Treafon  or  Treachery  j   by  mode- 

*  rate  Difcipline,  to  be  tradable  and  obedient,  with- 

*  out  Rrfwliion  i   and  by  Law  and  Authority  only 

*  to  leek,  to  right  their  Wrongs,  without  lieacher- 

*  ova  Revenge,  or  public  HoiUlity  ;   and  yet,  in- 

*  ter  Pans,  impatient  of  Bafencls  and  Servility. 
»  yura  regalia  ihcy  ufurp  not ;   but  to  the  Crown 

*  they  do  their  Reverence,  to  the  Scepter  their  O- 

VoL.  V.  D  •  bedience, 

(h)  $U  Ori;g,— .Bui  the  V^W'i  Petfh  fcnm  to  W  oniftcd  h»rt« 



The  Parliamentary  Histort 

An.  1.  Imc)  l,«  bedience,  and  ihc  Imperial  Sword  they  only  fearj 

'  ^^'        *  whereby  this  Day,  that,  lo  fon^i^n  Enemie;;,  and 

'  domellical  Dilcontents,  was  (ill  Mens  Hope,  and 

*  good  Mens  Fear)  to  be  the  Day  of  Blood,  is 

*  now  become  ihe  Day  of  England's  fettled  Peace, 

*  and  joyful  Safety  j  and  may  well  be  faid,  This  is 

*  the  Day  that  the  Lord  haih  made,  lei  Etigland 
'  rejoice  and  triumph  in  ir :  For  that  Virtue  is  now 
'  no  Treafon,  nor  no  Man  wi{heth  the  Reign  of 
'  AuguJIuSi  nor  fpeaketh  of  the  firft  Times  of  77- 
'  beriui.    And  although  ibme  fiery-fpirited  Detrac- 

*  tors,  very  f-iult-finding,  and  yet  very  faulty,  have 
'derogated  from  Princes  Regiment,  from  States 
'  Government,  from  Senates  Infegrity,  from  Jud- 
'  pes  Juftice,  frgm  MagiftratesDifcipIinc,  nnd  from 

*  Commons  Obedience;  yet  foregoing  Time,  and 
'  your  Majcfty's  prefent  and  future  Trial,  (hall  ap- 
'  prove  it  a  Regiment  never  more  renowned,  a 
'  GoTernment  never  more  conftantly  fettled,    a 

*  Senate  never  niore  juftly  wife,  Jmiges  never  more 

*  judicially  juft,  Magiftraies  never  more  refpcLtive- 

*  ly  vig'lant,  nor  Commons  never  more  loyally 

*  obedient;    and  although,  as  Men,  fubjedl  to  the 

*  Imperfe^ions  of  Men,   yet,    from  Hands  and 

*  Hearts  Corruption,   as  free  from  deferved  Accu- 

*  fatiori,  as  fuch  traducing  Earwigs  are  guilty  of 

*  Condemnation.     And  bad  your  Majefty,  before 

■  your  princely  Arrival,  been  an  Eye  and  an  Ear- 
'  witnefs  to  the  prudent  ;ind  provident  Dlreflions 

*  and  Endeavours  of  the  then  Council  of  Efbie, 
'  of  the  regardful  Employment  of  the  Nobility,  of 
'  the  vigilant  Circumfpc'dtion  of  the  Officers  and 

*  Minifters  of  Juftice,  and  generally  of  the  loyal 
'  Conformity  and  Obedience  of  the  Commons,  nil 

*  in  their  fevera!  Ranks  endeavouring,  and  agreeing, 
'  with  Hearts  true  united  Conlcnt,    to  your  High- 

*  nds's  Inltalment;  you  then  would,  out  of  your 

*  princely  Judgment,  rather  have  approved  il  a  free 

*  Election,  than  a  defcending  Ria;hli  wherein  ihcy 

■  expreflcd  their  Judgments  in  your  undoubted  Ti- 

*  tic,  manifefted  their  reverend  Refpeds  to  your 

*  high  and  admired  Virtueaj    and  approved  their 


*  Loyally  to  your  approved  Crown  and  Scepter,  j^^ 

*  And  although  the  Policies  of  precedent  Time 

*  did  forbear  the  public  Declaration  of  your  then 

*  luture,  and  now  preient  Right ;  yet  was  both  ihe 
'  Head  and  the  Body  fo  far  Jroin  Purpofe  to  im- 

*  peach  the  fame,  that  confidently  I  believe,  and 

*  boldly  dare  affirm,  that  nciihei  ftie,  nor  they, 

*  ever  thought  Thought,    or  dreamed  Dream,   "to 

*  offer  Wrong  to  your  Succeflion  therein  ;   but  as 

*  the  one  was  in  Policy  forborn,    i'o  in  Confcience 

*  the  other  was  never  purpofcd.     And  now,  fince 

*  God,  towhofe  only  Prerogauve  ihe  Inlhroni^ing 

*  and  Difthronizing  of  Kings  apperiaincth,  hatb» 

*  by  the  Setting  of  her  Sun,  raifed  and  fpread  the 

*  Beams  of  your  Glory  •,    and  by  calling  her  to 

*  his  heavenly  Service,  hath  freed  her  from  her 

*  temporal  Regiment;  and  hath,  out  of  his  divine 

*  Providence,  crowned  you  witii  the  fame  Crown, 

*  blefled  you  with  the  lame  Religion,  enriched  you 

*  with  the  fame  Dominions,    and  firengthned  you 

*  wiih  the  Hearts  of  the  felf-fame  Subjefls  and 

*  People ;  that,  as  (he  did,  fo  your  Majelty  will  be 

*  pleafed  to  protect  us  in  our  Religion,   to  favour 

*  us  in  our  Loyalties,    to  cherifh  us  in  our  Obedi- 

*  ence,   and  to  nourilh  us  in  our  faithful  Subjei^i- 
'  on.    And  as  to  her,  fo  to  you,  vve  faithfully  pro- 

*  ftratc  and  fuSjeit  ourfekcs,  our  State,  and  Lives, 

*  to  be  dilpolisd  and  facrificed  for  and  in  your  Ma- 

*  Jcfty's  Services    rclijiouily   praying,    that  your 
'  Highnefs's  Goverrmenl,  and  our  SubjeOion,  may 

*  be  to  God  pleafing;    to  you,  our  Sovereign,  ab- 

*  folute;  to  Enemies  and  Traitors  powerful  and 

*  fearful;  and  to  all  true  devoted  Subjedts  fruitful 

*  and  comfonablEt   Then  (hall  God  be  glorified, 

*  your    Majifty    renowned.    Religion    advanced, 

*  and  your  State  and  People  lecured  from  PcpfS 

*  Curlings,    Enemies  Oppreffions,    and    Traitors 

*  Treacheries ;   whcrcunio  all  true  Englijh  Hearts 

*  fay,  ^Pien.     And  thus  being  by  the  Rules  of  Dif- 

*  crction  foretold,    that  to  offend  your  (acred  Ears 

*  With  multa^  fince  to  iatisfy  your  gracious  Expec- 

*  lation  with  muUum  is  denied  me,  were  an  Error, 

D  2  'of 

t.  Jutit:! 

I.  Jamet  I. 


ja    7ho  Tarlsamcutary  History 

of  Errors  the  moft  erroneous:    Therefore,  fincc 
I  retain  not  the  Virtue  of  the  one,  give  me  Leave, 

*  moft  magnificent  Sovereign,  10  prevent  the  Er- 
'  tor  of  the  other ;  and  in  thefe  ^^w  Words,  be 
'  plcaled  to  receive  as  much  as  can  be  conceived, 

*  may  proceed  from  a  Man  and  Mind,  truly  and 
'  wholly  oevoted  to  your  Service;  who  defireth  no 
'  longer  to  breathe,  ih:m  (q  to  breathe,  that  his 
'  Breath  may  breaihe  out  to  your  Majefty  Loyalty, 
'  Faith,  and  Obedience,  whereof  his  Life  and 
'  Death  fhall  be  his  Fawn  and  Pledge:  Who  here, 
'  u\Hin   the  Knefs  of  my  Duty,  in  all  Humility, 

*  do  prefcnt  10  your  gracious  Confideration  five 

*  Petitions;  the  Benefit  of  three  whereof  are  pe- 
'  culiar  IQ  mine  own  Panicular,  the  other  two  to 
'  the  Knighis,    BurgefTes,   and  Members  of   the 

*  Lower  Houfe  of  Parliament. 

*  The  firft  whereof  is.  That  if,  in  your  graci- 

*  ous  Eyes,  Ears,  or  Judgment,  during  the  Time 

*  of  this  mine  Employment  and  Service,  I  liave^ 
'  do,  or  fhall,  through  my  Imperfc£lions(which  al- 

*  ready  appear  to  your  Majcfly  to  be  too  too  many) 
'  cither  in  Manner,  Fortn,  or  Matter,  iiegledl  that, 

*  which  I  ought  to  have  performed,  or  err  in  that, 
'  which  I  ought  not  10  have  done,  that  your  Ma- 

*  jefty  will  be  plealed,  out  of  your  Clemency,  ra- 
'  thcr  to  coxnmlfer.ite  the  fame,   than  out  of  your 

*  Jiiftice  therein  to  correft  my  unwilling  commit- 

*  ted  Errors. 

*  Secondly,    That  if  any,  by  private  Informa- 
'  lion,  endeavour  to  poflel's  your  facred  Ears  with 

*  M:itter  of  Bkmilli  or  Deiraflion  concerning  my 

*  Caurfe  of  Proceeding,  that  your  grjcious  Cen- 
'  fure  thereof    may  be  fufpcnded,  until,  by  your 

*  Pleafure,  I  be  called  to  my  Trial,  and  your  Judg- 
■*  ment:  For  thai  many  Things  may  be  either  mif- 

*  carried,  or  mifconceived,  in  Caul'es  of  this  Nature- 

*  Tiilrdly,   Th:it,  as  Occafion  (hall  move,    I 
may,  by  your  royal  Favour,  be  permitted  Accefs 

'  to  your  princely  Prefcnce,   in  Places  and  Times 

*  convenient,  for  fuch  Negotiations,  as  the  Duty 
!  of  my  Place  fluli  require. 


O/^  ENGLAND.        3^ 

*  Fourthly,     ♦«»****♦**  An.  i.  JaaiwT 

Whnt  followed  is  omitted  in  the  Jmrns}s:  But         '^°3- 
it  could  be  no  mure  than  the  common  Form  of 
aflcing  for  Liberty  of  Speech,  i^i.  which,  as  ufual, 
was  granted  by  the  King,    ivlthnut  thi  cautionary 
Kejirieibm  ufed  in  the  lall  Reign  {i). 

The  firft  Thing  the  Commons  went  upon, 
■when  ihey  were  got  to  their  own  Houle,  was,  to 
examine  into  a  Complaint,  then  made,  by  Sir/irr- *■ 
hert  Croftu  one  of  tlieir  Members.  It  fcems  ihis,';'^"^*^"'' 
Gentleman,  coming  up  with  others  to  hear  the 
King*s  Speech,  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  had  the 
Door  (hut  upon  him;  and  one  Bry&n  lajht^  a 
Yeoman  of  the  Guard,  violently  repulfed  Sir/Z^r- 
htrt^  faying,  Gsadman  Burgefs  you  C7we  nit  here. 
This  was  refented  as  an  Affront  to  the  whole 
Houfe ;  and  it  might  have  proved  vexatious,  4iad 
not  one  of  the  Oftcers  of  State  made  up  the  Mat- 
ter ;  fo  the  Houfe  was  contented  with  7ajbc\  ac- 
knowledging and  alking  Pardon  for  his  Fault,  and 
receivtnga Reprimand  fro nitheSpeaker, on  hisKnecs, 
at  the  Bar  for  it.^— But  to  begin  with  the  Lords. 

The  firft  Bill  that  was  brought  into  their  Houfe  An  a^  for  rr- 
bore  this  Title,    ^  msfl  joyful  and  jufi  Recognition '^'^v-^^'^^-t  the 
«/  the  immediate,  lawful,  ond  undoubted  Succeffim^  '^'"»'"  Title. 
Defcenti  and  RigH  of  the  Crown.    The  next  Day 
this  Bill  was  read  a  fecond  Time  and  ordered  to  be 
engrofied ;    and  the  Day  after  it  pafled  the  Houfe 
of  Lords,  and  was  fent  down  to  the  Commons,  by 
an  extraordinary  Com  million,  viz.  ihc  t^vo  Lord 
Chief  Juftices,  two  Judges,  Mr.  Scijeant  Ct»^k 
and  Mr.  Attorney- General.    The  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons were  no  lefs  eager  to  pay  their  Complements 
lo  their  new  King;  for,  March  the  3irt,  we  find 
this  Entry  iri  the  Lords  Jsumah,     *  This  Day  the 

*  Bill  intituled  an  Aft  for  a  moft  joyful    and  juft 
■  Recognition,  ^t.  was  returned  to  their  Lardfhips 

*  from  the  Lower  Houfe,   by  the  Hands  of  Mr. 

*  Secretary  Herbert^  accompanied  by  the  moft  Part 

*  of  the  Knijhta  and  Burgefles  of  the  faid  Houfe, 

*  who  (ignified  their  joyful  Acceptation  of  the  faid 

■  D  3  '  BiU, 

0)  See  Vol.  lY.  p.  349»  ¥>t,  4»T' 

Wflfon'8  Re- 
mit its  chcrcoji. 

*  giving  ihree  fcveral  Re 
'  as  they  received  it/ 

The  particular  Writer  of  this  King's  Life  was 
one  Arthur  H'tlfsn^  Efq;  the  beil  Edition  of  which 
is  printed  in  KennH's  Hiftory  of  England^  with  ihac 
Prelate's  Notes  upon  it.  In  one  of  which,  ihe  Bi- 
ihcai  reprefents  h;ni  as  a  prejudiced  Writer,  if  not 
a  rancorous  one,  againft  K  ing  James ;  another  Au- 
thor fays,  tliat  he  was  moreaSatyrift  than  an  Hifto- 
rian  [k) :  But,  as  this  Author,  like  many  others, 
is  very  Ihori  in  his  Account  of  P.irliamentary  Pro- 
ceedings, th^re  is  little  10  be  extriided  from  him  to 
our  Purpofe.  In  the  Courfc  of  the  whole  Parlia- 
ment now  before  us,  IVilfin  takes  no  Notice  of 
any  one  A61  but  the  foregoing  ;  on  which,  ha 
makes  the  fcllowing  ReBcftion  (^J. 

'  The  Parlianienr,  highly  admiring  the  King's 
'  Abilities,  made  a  Recognition  thereof  with  many 
'  Etogies,  as  the  piime  A6t  of  iheir  humble  Sub- 

*  miffion    to   his  Government.     Wherein,    they 

*  yield  their  moft  humble  Thanks  to  the  divine 
'  Majefty  for  his  Accefs  to  the  CrOwn.    And  they 

*  deiite  from  their  Hearts,  as  a  Memorial  to  all 
'  Pofterity,  it  may  be  publifhed,  and  declared,  and 

*  remain  amongft  the  Records  of  the  High  Court 

*  of  Parliament  for  ever  to  endure.  That  they  ac- 

*  knowledrre  his  Right  of  SuccefTion  to  the  Crowft 
'  of  Etigkmi  and  the  Empire  thereof  i  and  there- 
'  unto  they  faithfully  fubmit  and  oblige  themfelves, 

*  their  Heirs  and  Pofterities  for  ever,  until  the  laft 
'  Drop  of  their  Blood  be  fpent.     So  high  mounted 

*  was  (he  All't.d^ion  of  the  People  lo  the  King; 
'  and,  hiippily  misrht  have  continued  fo,  if  fomc 

*  Afier-Jealoufies  had  not  intci  vened»-  that  lite 
■  Clouds  hindered  the  Influence  of  their  more  in- 

*  tim:ite  Correfpondence-' 

Thus  far  Mr.  IVilfun.  But,  in  order  to  fhew, 
more  clearly,  the  Senf.'ot  an  £i>^/</A Parliament, and 
therein  of  the  whole  Nation  at  that  Time,  who 


(4)  Fu&r^a  Chiireh  Hifi.   BockX.  p.  <;7. 

^iJ  K<Kset*i  Ilijl.  of  En^lami,  V^l.  U    p.  671. 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       ]s 

are  and  ever  have  been  fond  of  Changes,    we  fhalJ  ^n.  i.  Jmb«  t. 
fubjoin  ihe  Preamble  to  the  Ait  JKelf,  as  the  beft        1603. 
Teftimony  of  ibeir  full  Acknowledgment  of  this 
King's  Title  to  the  Crown  {m). 

Great  and  mamfsld  were  the  Benefits^  mofi  dread 
and  mofi  gracious  Snieretgn^  whereivith  Almighty 
Cod  bleffed  this  Kingdam  and  Naticny  bv  the  haipy 
"Union  and  Canjun^isn  of  the  ttvo  noble  fbujh  of 
York  and  Lancaftcr,  thereby  preferring  thii  ncble 
Realm,  Jomterly  torn  and  aimsfl  wajied  with  long 
anil  miferable  Oiffentim  and  hkcdy  Civ  I  War ;  but 
m»re  inejiimable  and  unfpeakabk  BleJJingi  are  there- 
by pimred  upon  wj,  becauje  there  is  derived  and  grmun 
from  and  cut  of  that  Vnisn  of  thsje  two  princely  Fa- 
milies, a  more  famous  and  greater  Union-,  O'  rather  a 
rf'uniting  oftxvo  mighty ^  famous  and  antient  Kingdoms, 
(yet  antiently  but  one)  of  England  and  Scotland,  under 
Me  imperial  Croiun^  in  your  mofl  royal  T^erfsn ,  who 
is  lineally,  righfully  and  lawfidiy  defended  of  the 
Body  of  the  mojl  excellent  I^dy  Mnigaict,  eldffi 
Daughter  of  the  mofi  renowned  King  Henry  Vllth, 
and  the  High  and  Noble  Princefs  ^een  Ehz,tbetli 
bis  XVtfey  eldeji  Daughter  of  King  Edward  IVih, 
the  /aid  Lady  Margaret  being  eldeJl  Sijier  to  K-ng 
Henry  Vllllh,  Father  of  the  High  and  Mighty 
Princefs,  of  famous  M^ttiory,  Elizabeth  late  ^ieen 
of  England. 

In  Confideration  whtreof  &c. 

March  26th,  on  a  Motion  of  the  Lord  Cecil,  ^    ^^^j  Con.^ 
a  Conference  was  agreedf  upon  to  be  had  with  a  cer-  »engc  between 
tain  Number  of  the  Lower  Houfe,  concerning  the  ^=  '^°  Houies. 
public  State  of  the  Nation  ;   and  on  two  Things, 
in  particular.  Purveyors  and   Refpiie  of  Homage. 
Xo  which  the  Commons  deiired  might  be  added 
another  Article  concerning  the  Matter  of  Wards: 
Anfwer  was  returned  back,  by  the  Lords,  *  That 
they  liked  well   the  Motion  for  a   Confeicnce, 
touching  the  laft  menrioned  Matter.     But,  with 
all,  bccaufe  there  were  fcucral  otter  Ihings  that 
did  toncern  the  pubHc  State ;  of  which  ic  was,  like- 


(m)  SutuW!  It  large,  i,  Jm,  I.  Ctfp,  I. 

^a,  !•  Tameal. 
J  603. 

R*^>In's    Obfcr- 
Yationi  there on^ 

^6       neTarl/amentary  Histort 

wife  proper  to  have  Conference,  before  Hand,  for 
the  better  Furtherance  of  the  puhlic  Service ;  and, 
in  regard,  the  f>tid  Matters  were  of  Importance^ 
their Lordihipsdelire  them  lo  increafc  TheNumber of 
their  Committee  as  ihcy  intended  to  do  theirs. 

A  large  Committee  of  Lords  were  accordingly 
appointed,  confiding  of  nine  Earls,  one  Vifcount, 
fix  Bifliops  and  thirteen  Barons;  who  vt'ere  to  be 
attended  hy  the  two  l^ord  Chief  Juftices;  four 
Judges,  -Mr.  Serjeant  Ciooiy  i^nd  Mr.  Attorney- 
General.  The  Commons  deputed  about  fixty 
Knights  and  Bur^eflcs  of  ihcir  Houfe;  and  thrs  is  all 
that  the  Journal  of  the  Lords  mention  of  tjiia 

But  the  'Jmrmh  of  the  Commons  are  not  fo  fi- 
Icnti  for  it  was,  indeed, ^a  Bufmels  of  Importanu 
to  the  Liberties  ?tnd  PrivUegei  of  thdt  Houfe.  Ra- 
ping [horn  Coht)  teprelenis  this  A  (fair  as  another 
Inftance  of  this  King's  aiming  at  abfotutc  Power. 
In  order  to  introduce  this  M.itier,  we  fhall  give  a 
Paragraph  from  this  Author's  Hijhry  of  England, 
and  then  fubjoin  the  whole  Account,  as  it  ftands 
in  the  Journfth  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons  at  this 
Day.  There  needs  no  Apology  for  the  Length  of 
it ;  a  Cafe  of  this  Nature  allowttig  of  no  Abridg- 
ment in  this  Work  (n). 

*  Immediately  after  the  Opening  of  the  Parlia- 
ment, the  Commons  examining,  according  toCuf- 
toin,  the  comefted  Eleftion=!,  there  was  a  Debate 
in  llie  Hou^e  aliout  the  Return  of  Sir  Frduch  Good' 
with  and  Sir  John  Fsrtefcuc^  for  Knight  of  the 
Shire  fcsr  the  County  of  Buch^  and  upon  a  full 
Hearingt  Sir  Franca  was  declared  duly  eleAed. 
Three  Days  after,  the  Lords  fent  2  Mcflage  to  the 
Commons,  that  there  might  be  a  Conference  about 
Goodwin's  EleilLlion.  The  Commons  furprized  at  fo 
extraordinary  a  Mefl%e,  anhvered.  They  did  not 
jhink  thcmrclvfs  obliged  to  give  an  Account  of  their 
Procec-dings,  and  iherefore  cou!d  not  grant  the 
Conference  requited.  The  Lords  replied,  the  King 
having  been  acquainted  with  what  had  palfed  in 


[t)  Rufir.,  Vol.  II.  f.  16S,  rt  /cy. 

Of  E  N  G  m  N  D.      sy 

(jflpiifiVs  Cafc»  thought  himfelf  engaged  in  Ho-An.  t,  ]aaaf» 
nour  to  have  the  Affair  debated  again,  and  had  or-  '^3' 
dcrcd  them  ro  confer  with  the  Commons  upon  it. 
Whereupon,  the  Commons,  by  their  Speaker,  gave 
their  Reafons  to  the  King,  why  tliey  could  not  ad- 
mit of  this  Innovation.  But  all  they  could  ob- 
lain  was,  that  inrtead  of  a  Conference  with  the 
L/ord?,  the  King  commanded  them  to  confer  with 
ihc  Judges,  Thisplcafcd  them  no  more  than  the 
Other.  They  fct  down  their  Reafons  in  Writing, 
and  delivered  them  at  the  Council- Chamber,  to 
dclire  their  Lordfhips  to  intercede  for  them  to  the 
Kijig,  not  to  violate  their  Privileges.  The  Anfwcr 
tvas,  the  King  abfolutcly  commanded  them  to  have 
a  Conference  with  the  Judges.  The  Commons 
were  extremely  furprized  at  fo  abfolute  an  Order. 
Mean  while,  fearing  to  be  accufed  of  too  eafily  en- 
gaging In  a  Quarrel  with  the  King,  they  thought 
it  more  proper  to  yield,  than  Hand  out,  fully  bent 
however  to  adhere  to  what  had  been  determined  in 
the  Cafe  of  the  contefted  Election.  Certainly  the 
King  had  engaged  in  a  very  nice  Affair,  and  pro- 
bably would  not  have  come  off  with  Honour,  had 
he  nni  been  difengaged  by  Goodwin's  Moderation. 
Sir  Jramis  chufing  to  forfeit  his  Right  rather  than 
occafion  a  Quarrel  between  the  King  and  the  Com- 
mons, defired  the  Houfe  to  order  the  County  of 
Bu£is  to  ele^  another  Knight  in  his  Stead.  The 
King  and  Commons  equally  accepted  of  this  Expe- 
dient, which  prevented  them  from  coming  to  Ex- 
tremities; but  the  King  found  from  hence,  that  no 
great  Account  was  made  of  the  Proclamation  up- 
on calling  the  Parliament,  whereby  he  meant  to  be 
Maftcr  of  the  Ele<5fions.*     Thus  far  Mr.  Rapin. 

This  Case  of  Sir  Francis  Gmhvin  was  printed, 
by  Order  of  the  Houfc  of  Commons,  Jtino  1704, 
under  the  Direftion  of  Rcbert  Harley^  Efq;  (after- 
wards Earl  of  Oxford)  ihen  Speaker,  on  Occafion 
of  the  famous  Debate,   at  that  Time,   upon  the 

jiyUjhury  tiediion. Several   Paflagcs   therein 

were  diftinguiflied  by  being  printed  in  a  different 
Character :  As  fuch  Diftindion  fccms  to  point  out 


jS    ne  Tarlsammtary  His  tort 

An.  J.  Timeal.the  Stfnfe  of  the  then  Houfe  of  Commons,  upon 
i6oj.        jjjJ5  Matter,  the  iame  Method  is  followed  here. 

Tht  CASE  bitween  Sir  Francis  Goodwin  and 
Sir  John  Fortescue,  &c.   (o). 

THE  firft  Motion  was  made  on  ihe  22d 
of  Msnb,  by  Sir  IVilUam  Fkuwrni^  one  of 
^^^^oi^^zV- 1*'^"  Knights  returned  for  the  County  of  Buch,  on 
ingham.  tho  Behalf  of  Sir  Francii  Goedwiriy  ICt.  who,  upon 

ihe  firft  Writ  of  Summons  dire^fted  to  ihe  Sheriff 
of  Buch^  was  ele<fted  the  firft  Knight  for  that 
Shire  :  But  the  Return  of  his  EledJon  being  made, 
it  was  refufed  by  the  Clerk  of  the  Crown,  quia  ut- 
higatus:  [p]  And  becdufe  'i^k'Jihn  Foftejiuit  upon 
a  Second  Writ,  was  eletfted,  and  entered  ia  that 
Place,  his  Defire  was,  That  this  Return  might  be, 
examined,  and  Sir  Francis  Goodwin  received  as  a 
Member  of  the  Houfe.  The  Houfe  g:ive  Way  to 
the  Motion;  and  for  a  more  deliberate  and  judicial 
Proceeding  in  a  Cale  of  Privilege  fo  important  to 
the  Houfe, 

Ordered,  That  the  Serjeant  [the  proper  Officer  nf 
the  Houfe)  J)}Quld  give  IVarnitig  to  the  Clerk  of  the 
Crown  ta  appear  at  the  Bar  at  Eight  o'Cloek  the 
next  Morning,  and  to  bring  with  him  all  the  IVrits 
of  SummsnSt  Indentures,  and  Returns  cf  EkSiions 
for  the  County  fl/"  Bucks,  made  and  returned  for  this 
Parliament  \  and  to  give  ^Varning  alfo  to  Sir  Fran- 
cis Goodwin,  to  attend  in  Per^n,  whom  their  Plea- 
jure  was  to  hear.  Ore  tenus,  to  deliver  the  State  of 
his  own  Coufe^  and  tht  Marnier  and  Reafons  of  the 
Prceeeding  in  the  EhSlim  of  the  Knights  of  the  Shire 
for  that  County. 

March  23d,  S>ir  George  Coppint  Kt.  CJf^rk  of  the 
Crown,  appeared  at  the  Uar  accordingly,  and  pro- 
duced all  the  Writs  of  Summons,  Indentures,  and 
Returns  made  of  the  Knights  for  Buckiughamjhire 
for  this  Parliament ;  which  were  leverally  read  by 
the  Clerk  oF  the  Houfe,  anJ  then  the  Cltrk  of  the 
Crown  commanded  to  retire  to  the  Door :  And 

(9}  yoMrn,  Dm.  Cm.  An.  J.  Junes  I. 

(fij  In  the  King's  ^oclinution  fut  Eilltng  this  I'lrliaiment  a 
Ciuuoa  a  sivoQ  ag^iiiA  Eiefliiig  oudaw'd  rafom.  Sei  tefart,  p.  7. 

^ficr.    Sir  Francis  Goodwin  himfelf  attending  lo^'^'J*'"''' 
know  the  Piealure  of  the  Houfe,  was  called  iu,  to  ^' 

deliver  the  Stale  of  his  own  Cauie,  Ore  tenus ; 
wherein  he  was  heard  at  large,  and  commanded  again 
to  retire  until  the  Houfe  had  determined  what  to  do. 

In  this  mean  Time  tlie  whole  Cale  was  at  large 
opened,  and  argued  pro  i^  covtrOy  by  fiindry  learned 
and  grave  Members  of  the  Houfe ;  and  after  much 
Difpule,  the  Queftion  was  agreed  upon  and  made. 

ff^kelher  Sir  Francis  Goodwin  were  lawfully 
EUiUd  and  Returned  one  of  the  Knights  for  Bucks, 
ond  otight  tQ  be  Admitted  and  Kuewed  as  a  Mem- 
ber  of  this  Houfe? 

Uljon  this  Queftion,  it  was 

Refilved  in  the  Affirmative,  Thftt  he  was  law- 
fully Eledled  and  Returned,  and  {de  Jure)  ought 
to  be  Received. 

Hereupon  the  ClerV  of  the  Crown  was  com- 
manded to  file  the:  firft  Indenture  of  Return  :  And 
Order  was  given,  That  Sir  Frauds  fhould  prefently 
take  the  Oath  of  Supremacy  as  ufual,  and  his  Place 
in  the  Houfe  ;  which  be  did  accordingly. 

March  27th,  Sir  Fruricii  Bacon^  in  reporting  a 
Conference  with  the  Lords,  touching  Wardfhip 
and  other  Things,  reported,  That  a  Lord  touched 
the  Cafe  of  Sir  Francis  Goodwin  as  a  Thing  he  had 
heard  at  Jarge,  but  did  not  tinderftand  it ;  and 
therefore  defired  to  know  it  more  particularly  from 
thisHouie.  To  which  Anfwer  was  made,  That 
they  had  no  Warrant  from  the  Houfe  to  fpeak  ot  it. 

Sir  Edward  Coke^  his  Majefty's  Attorney-Ge- 
neral, and  Mr.  Dodlor  Uone^  bring  a  MeiTage 
from  the  Lords,  exprefling  with  what  Acceptation 
their  Lordfhips  entertained  their  Motion  Yefterday, 
not  only  for  the  Matter,  being  of  very  great 
Weight  and  Confequcnct,  but  efpecially  for  the 
Manner  ;  namely.  That,  touching  Wardfhip, 
they  would  not  petition  for  Eafe  in  it  as  a  Matter 
of  WfODg,  but  of  Grief  j  and  pray  to  be  relieved 
by  Grace,  and  not  by  Jyftice:  And  their  Lord- 
ihipsfor  Anfwer  weredelirous,  and  moved  at  chat 
Time  to  couple  in  the  fame  i'ctiLion  the  Mauer  of 


^    -      ^ 


Ad.  I.  Jttoe:  I.  Gr«vance,  of  Refpite  of  Homage;  which  his  Ma- 
1603.      *jefty»  out  of  his  gracious  Favour  and  Love  to  hh 
People,  had  himfelf  taken  Knowledge  of.     j^fid  as 
they  cameive  H  to  bi  likely^  that  the  Conference  may 
eentiiiue  between  the  Two  Houfes,  ttntching  the  faid 
Matten ;  as  they  are  v£ry  zealous  ffftke  Furtherance 
ef  their  Ptfrpofi,  fi  are  tbeyjsahmtf  any  Impediment 
that  may  breed  Lett  or  Hindrance  therein  :  Therefore 
they  defire,  for  <%  more  clear  Proceeding  and  Remov- 
ing of  all  Stnmbl'ng-Bloeks^  that  the  farmer  Commit- 
tees mnyy  in  a  fecond  Conference  to  be  hady  have 
Authority  to  treat  touching  the  Cafe  ef  Sir  Francis 
Godd\vin,//w  KnrghtfarBuckin'^h-AmmneyfrJf  ofall^ 
before  any  other  Matter  were  farther  proceeded  in. 
The  Anfiver  to  thisMeflitpe  was  (as  ufualj  That 
ihey  vjoutd  return  Anfwer  by  Mefjengers  of  their  own. 
Upon  this  Mellage  it  was  urguKJ  by  fome,  T)7at 
in  no  fort  they  Jhmld  give  Account  to  the  Lords  of 
their  Proceedings  in  the  Hmfe  j  but  that  Mr.  Speaker 
fhould  from  the  Houfe  be  a  Suitor  to  his  Maje/iy,  to 
have  Accefs^  and  as   their  common  Mouth  give  his 
Highmfi  Satisfailion  by  Direilion  from  the  Houfe : 
That  mw  the  Judgment  of  Sir  Francis  GoodvpinV 
Cafe  having  fnffed  the  ihufe^  it  could  not,  nor  ought 
net^  to  be  reverfed  by  them.     A  Precedent ^  Anno 
27  Eliz.  cited'y  where  a  BiUbrought  down  from  the 
Lords,    upon  the  Firji  Reading  v/as  reyeifid  i  the 
Lords  fent  Meffengers  to  demand  a  Reafon  of  thtir 
Judgment :  It  was  denied  to  yield  any  Reafon. 

This  Argument  brought  forth  this  Q^ieftion, 
■which  Mr.  Speaker  wis  ordered  by  the  Houfe  pre- 
Jently  to  make,  vi%. 

IVhether  they  Jhoald  Confer  with  the  Lords ^  touch- 
ing the  Cafe  of  Sir  Francis  Goodwin  the  Knight  fo^ 
Buckinghamihire  ?  And  i^if^fc'.:/,  That  ihcy  {hould 

It  was  then  coiifidered  as  fit  to  return  fome  Aii- 
Twer  to  the  Meflage  from  the  Lords ;  and  Mr.  Se- 
cretary Herbert^  with  fome  other  of  the  Commit- 
tees, were  appointed  to  deliver  to  their  Lord lliija, 
from  the  Houfe,  That  they  did  conceive  it  did 
not  ftand  in  Honour  and  Qrdir  of  the  Houfe,  to 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 


give  Account  of  any  ihcir  Proceedings  or  Doings:  A°-  ''.J"""  ^* 
But  if  their  Lordfliips  have  any  Purpofe  to  confer       *    ^* 
for  the  Refidue,  ih:it  then  they  will  be  ready  at 
fuch  Time  and  Pb.ce,  and  wiiii  fuch  Number  a» 
ibeir  Lordrtiips  fhall  think  meet. 

Upon  the  laft  MeiTage  to  the  Lords,  the  Meflcn- 
gers  return.  That  iheir  Lordfhips  would  prefently 
fend  Aniwer  by  Meflengersof  their  own. 

SnEdxvardCokc^  his  Majefty*s  Attorney-Gene- 
ral, Dr.  Carew,  Dr.  Bofi^y  and  Mr.  Tyndaiit  deli-  . 
vered  from  the  Lords,  That  their  Lordihips  taking 
Notice  in  particular  of  the  Return  of  the  Sheriff  of 
Btuh ;  and  acqua'mting  his  Mij^fty  with  it,  his 
Highnefs  conceived  himfelf  engaged  and  touched  in 
Honour  that  there  might  be  fome  Conference  of  it  bc- 
iwcen  the  Two  Houfcs;  and  to  that  End,  lignificd 
his  Pleafure unto  them,  and  by  them  to  thisHoufe. 

Upon  this  Meflage,  fo  Extraordinary  and  Umx- 
pe£led-y  the  Houfe  entered  into  fome  Oinfideration 
what  were  fit  to  be  donei  and  it  \i-A.^  Rejolvdl, 
That  his  Majefty  might  be  moved  for  Accefs  the 
next  Day.  And  afterwards  they  underftood  his 
Pleafure  to  be.  That  t}iey  ftiould  attend  at  IVh'Ue- 
halltx  Eight  the  next  Morning.  But  becaufe  the 
Time  was  then  fomewhat  far  fpent,  ihcy  Ordered^ 
That  the  Houfe,  with  Mr.  Speaker,  Ihould  meet 
at  Six  the  next  Morning  in  the  Houle.  Yet  afore 
their  Rifing,  ihcy  thought  fit  to  name  a  Cotnmit- 
Ccc  of  twenty-nine  Members,  to  fet  down  the 
EffeCl  of  that  which  Mr.  Speaker  was  to  deliver 
from  the  Houfe  to  the  King,  who  were  to  meet 
at  Four  that  Afternoon  at  the  Parliament-Cham- 
ber in  the  Middfc-Temple. 

Accordingly  on  the  28th,  Mr.  Speaker,  with  a 
great  Number  of  ibe  Houfe,  alTembied  at  Six  in 
the  Morning,  witli  a  Purpofe  to  treat  and  rcfolvc 
what  (hould  be  delivered  to  his  Majefty,  (being  ap- 
pointed to  attend  him  the  fame  Morning  at  Eight) 
louchiog  the  Rcafons  of  their  Proceeding  in  Sir 
f  ranch  Gscdwin's  Cafe :  But  becaufe  ibe  Houfe  was 
not  then  thought  full  enough  for  a  Matter  of  that 
^Oflfequeoce,  they  proceeded  to  the  Reading  of  Bills. 


62     JheTarliamcntary  Histort 

An.  I.  Jnncti.     Upon  Motion  touching  Mr^  Speaker's  Atfen- 
j6oj,         dance  on  the  King,  a  Cummitiee  was  named  lo 
accompany  him,  confiding  of  '^Hibe  Privy-CciuncU^ 
being  Member i  oftbi  Houje^  and  fixty-feven  fmre.(q) 

Mr.  Speaker,  together  with  thele  Committees, 
were  this  Day,  at  Eight  in  the  Morning,  appointed 
to  attend  his  Majcfty,  and  to  relate  the  Rcafons  of 
the  Proceeding  of  the  HouJ'e  in  Sir  Framii  Good- 
■uz/VsCafe;  where,  upon  Anlwer  or  Reply,  fuch 
Lawyers  as  be  of  the  Committee  arc  to  give  their 

The  next  Day  Mr.  Speaker  related  what  he  had 
delivered  to  the  Kirgby  Warrant  from  theHoufe, 
touching  their  proceeding;  in  Sir  Frandi  Goodwin's 
Cafe,  and  hlsMajelly's  Anfw^r:  whereof^  hicaufe 
Pdrt  was  afUrwards  penned  by  Se!e£f  Committees, 
read  in  the  Houfe,  and  offered  in  Writing  to  the 
Kingi  he  had  but  touched  tJie  He^ids,  omitting  ma- 
ny Circumftances.  He  laid,  be  Firft  delivered, 
I.  The  Manner  and  Matter.  2.  Then  fuch  Pre- 
cedents as  bad  been  vouched  and  flood  upocii 
3-  He  opened  the  Body  of  the  Law  for  Eledtion. 

The  Firft  Writot"  Summons,  dated  Ultimo  Ja^ 
nuarii  hefore  the  Parliament  :  The  Writ  iffued 
duly  :  The  Liberty  was  free,  hy  that  Writ,  to 
choofe  in  Plefis  Commiiatii :  The  EIe6lion  was 
made  according  to  that  Writ,  and  the  Indenture 
duly  returned  j  and  tbere/ore  adjudged  hy  the  Hsufe^ 
That  this  Firft  Kledtion  being  good,  the  Second 
was  confequeiul/  void. 

For  the  Matter  of  Utlawryagainft  Sir  Franch 
Goodwin^  there  was  one  prolecuied  agninfthimat 
the  Suit  of  Jobfipriy  jr  Eliz,  lor  6o/.  iind  was 
laid  and  proceeded  in  the  Huflingi,  Londm. 
Another,  at  tlic  Suit  of  one  Htuk^r^  for  i6/. 
39  Eliz.  Th-.t  Sir  Francis  had  hnce  been  chofen, 
admitted,  and  faved  as  a  Member  of  this  Houfe, 
in  the  leveral  Parhaments  holden  39  and  43  Ffiz, 
That  the  Utbwry  remained  in  the  HufUngi^  fo  as 
the  Law  could  not  take  Notice  of  ii  >  neither  was 


(q}  Tftcir  Namci  ire  in  the  yntrnaht  But,  forBrrrity'*  SiJte, 

•mitied  hcic. 

it  pleadable,  i  Eliz.  One  Smith  was  found  Ut- ab.  i.  Jimes  i. 
lawcd,  and  Privileged  by  the  Houfe.  23  E/iz,  1605. 
One  I'aughan  Utlawed,  and,  upon  the  Queilion 
and  Divifion  of  the  Houfe,  Privileged,  being  car- 
ried with  the  Difference  of  fix  Voices.  35  EUx. 
Three  Precedents  vouched.  39  H.  6.  (r)  Fuz-Her- 
herti  The  Cafe  not  judged;  but  Opinions  deli- 
vered. Mr.  John  Killegrec  having  52  Utlawries 
returned  againft  him,  was  admitted  10 Serve  in  the 
Houfe.  Sir  IFilUam  Harccourt  was  found  Eigh- 
teen Times  Utiawcd,  and  yet  was   admitted   to 

Serve. The  Manner  of  the  Eleftion  is  limited 

by  the  Statute.  The  fuppofcd  Utlawry,  31  £fe 
againft  Sir  Franui^  was  no  Urhwry  at  all;  for 
wherefoevera  Man  is  fued,  the  Proclamation  ought 
to  go  into  the  County  where  the  Party  dwelleth  ; 
or  elfe  the  Utlawry  is  not  good,  39  ^  43  £//s. 
The  general  Pardon  is  good  for  Utlawries,  againft 
all,  faving  the  Parry  at  whofe  Suit.  31  Eliz,  Ic 
was  Francifcui  Gaadwint  Oen.  39  EUz,  Fraud/' 
€Ui  Gocdtviriy  Armig.  The  ^sheriff'  is  no  Judge  of 
the  Utlawry,  neither  could  take  Notice  it  was  the  ^ 
fame  Man ;  and  therefore  could  not  properly  return 
bim  Utiawcd. 

That  his  Majefty  anfwered,  He  was  loath  he 
(hould  be  forced  to  alter  iiis  Tune ;  and  that  he 
fhould  now  change  i  t  into  Matter  of  Grie  f,  by  way 
of  Conteftation,  He  did  (ample  it  tothe  Murmur 
and  Coniradiition  of  the  People  of  IftaeL  He  did 
not  attribute  the  Caufc  of  his  Grief  to  any  Purpofe 
in  the  Houfe  to  offend  him  ;  but  only  to  a  miftafc- 
ingof  the  Law.  For  Matters  of  Fadt,  he  an- 
fwered them  all  particularly.  That  for  his  Part  he 
was  indifferent  which  of  them  was  chofen.  Sir 
John  or  Sir  Francii :  'That  they  could  fufpeft  no 
fpccial  Affeclion  in  him,  becaule  this  was  a  Coun- 
fellor  not  brought  in  by  himfelf.  That  he  had  no 
Purpofe  to  imiJcach  their  Privilege ;  but  fince  they 


(r)  IVAccunte  EdUor  of  (he  printed  Jr^maSi  mjk«  thia 
Rptrurk,  *  The  Worrfi  ("39  //.  6  )  ferin  to  be  inaproperly  infert^d 

•  beie,  utd  are,  la  the  Book  of  Notes,  pbced  before  the  Cjtation 

•  of  Sayth"*  Cafe,  i  EUk.  and  in  ihv.  Margin  of  ttie  Jvuroil  ilfclf 

•  asai&A  tbcfo  Word*  is  writtCD,  ^an,' 

The  'Parl'tamentary  History 

Aa*  X.  Jame*  I.  derived  all  Matters  of  Privilege  from  him^  and  by 
jfioj.  hii  Grants  he  expedted  they  ihould  not  be  turned 
againft  him.  That  there  was  no  Precedent  did 
fute  this  Cafe  fully  :  Precedents  m  the  Times  of 
Minors,  of  Tyrants^  of  jyomen,  of  Shnpk  IG^gs^ 
not  to  be  credited  j  becaufefor  feme  private  Ends. 
By  the  Law  this  Houfe  ought  not  to  meddle  with 
Returns,  being  all  made  into  the  CiiSwffryi  and  arc 
to  be  corre<fled  cr  reformed  by  that  Court  only, 
into  which  they  are  returned,  ^n,  35  H.b.  It  was 
the  Refolution  of  all  the  Judges,  That  Matter  of 
Uclawry  wasa  fuffidentCaufcof  Difmiflionof  any 
Member  out  of  the  Houfe.  That  the  Judge:  hav0 
mw  Refihed,  That  Sir  Frauds  Goodwin  ftandeth 
Utlawed  according  to  the  Laws  of  this  Land. 

InConcIufion,  it  was  his  Majefty's  fpecial  Charge 
unto  us. 

That,  Firft,  the  Courfe  already  taken  fhould  be 
truly  Reported.  2.  That  we  ihould  debate  the 
Matter,  andRefolveamoQgftourfe]ves,  3.  That 
we  {hould  adrait  of  Conference  with  the  Judges. 
4  That  we  fhould  make  Report  of  all  tbe  Proceed- 
ings, unto  the  Council. 

This  Relation  being  made,  the  Houfe  di<l  not 
enter  into  any  further  Confideration  of  the  Matter 
at  That  Time;  but  Refohed,  and  Ordered,  That  ic 
ihould  be  the  Firft  Matter  mov'd  the  next  Morning. 

Mani  30ih,  it  was  moved  and  urged  by  a  Mem- 
ber, touching  the  Difference  now  on  Foot  between 
the  King  and  the  Houfe,  That  there  is  juft  Fear 
of  fome  great  Abufe  in  the  late  Eledtion.  That  in 
his  Confcience  the  King  hath  been  much  mifin- 
fornied  j  and  that  he  had  too  many  Mifinformers, 
which  he  prayed  God  might  be  removed  or  leflened 
in  ihcir  Number.  That  nti^  t1ie  Cafe  of  Sir  ycfm 
Fovsejcue  and  Sir  Fra/ids  Ga^dzvin  was  became  the 
Cafe  of  the  ivhole  Kingdom.  That  Old  Laiuyen 
forget-,  and  commonly  interpret  the  Law  a((crdiug 
to  the  Time  :  That  by  this  Courfe  the  Free  Elec- 
tion of  the  Country  is  taken  away,  and  none  fhall 
be  chofen,  but  fuch  as  (hall  pleafe  the  King  and 
Couticil.    Let  us  therefore)  with  FortiCude*  Un* 

<yENGLANa        65 

derftanding  and  Sincerity,  feek  to  mainuin  our  Pri-  ^  ':£^* 
viiegc  i  which  cannot  he  lalcen  or  conftrued  any  ^ 

Contempt  in  us,  but  meeily  a  Maintenance  of  our 
Common  Right,  whkh  our  Anccftors  have  Icfi  us, 
and  is  juft  and  fit  for  us  to  transfer  to  our  Pofterity. 

Another ;  For  a  Law  to  be  made.  That  never 
any  Man,  Outlawed,  fliould  fhew  his  Face  here 
again.  The  Difference,  he  obferveJ,  was  Ibmc 
unrefpcdlive  Carriage  towards  his  Majefty  in  this 
Matter:  And  therefore  let  our  Proceeding  be  duti- 
ful and  careful  towards  him,  in  advjfing  of  fomei 
fpecdy  Couffc  togivc  hisMajcfly  Saiisfjftion  ;  that 
is  (as  he  corrCeivcdJ  according  to  the  King's  Proje^i^ 
Firft,  to  advife  amongft  ourfelves»  and  then  to 
confer  with  the  Judges,  not  as  Parliament- Min^ 
but  iJj  Csun fellers ;  not  as  though  they  were  to  re- 
vcrfe  our  Errors,  but  that  we  might  be  better  in- 
formed ;  rot  now  the  C;ifc  of  Sir  John  and  Sir 
Francis,  but  a  Cafe  of  great  Difference  between  the 
King  and  us,  wherein  we  are  tieeply  to  conlider 
the  Confequence  if  this  Pique  be  bruited  in  the 
Country,  abroad  or  beyond  the  Seas.  It  is  fit  we 
let  the  King  fee  how  much  we  take  to  Heart  this 
Matter,  fy  thence  our  Affeftions  have  fo  much  ap- 
peared in  the  p.iflingand  prefent  Expediting  of  the 
A6t  of  Recoguitiun,  i^c.  C^wA  That  we  Diould 
tender  our  humble  Petition  10  his  Msjcfty,  for 
Leave  to  mske  a  Law  for  the  Banilhing  of  all 
Outlaws  hereafter  from  the  Parliament,  and  pray, 
That  we  may  hold  all  our  Privileges  entire. 

A  Third,  That  wc  ought  not  to  contelt  with 
the  King;  that  it  is  fit  to  have  a  Conference: 
Thai  by  it  we  fhall  lofc  no  Privilege,  but  rather 
gain  ;  for  the  Matters  of  the  Contcrence  will  be 
Two,  Satbfa^ion  of  the  King,  nnd  putting  in 
Certainty  our  Privilege.  All  is  rot  yet  faid  ihai 
mav  be  faid  j  we  are  not  to  difputc  with  one  that. 
is  Governor  of  Thirty  Legions.  CQnJitendum  ejl 
ne  f'Ujha  int^r^sgajfet.  Let  us  deal  plainly  and 
freely  with  the  Lords,  and  let  them  know  all  the 
Reafons.  They  are  jealous  of  the  Hojiour  of  4 
Prizy-Coufijel/sr.  we  of  the  Freedom  of  EltSim.     It 

Vol.  V.  E  is 

66    The  Tarlsametttary  History 

An.  K  Tames  i.*^  ^^  ^^^  ^^^  maintain  ibcir  Prerogaiive ;  fo  is 
*  1604.  'it  fit  that  we  maintain  our  Privileges.  Thh  is  a 
Court  of  Ruord,  therefore  owght  we  by  all  Means 
feck  to  preferve  the  Honour  and  Digmiy  of  it.  If 
a  Burgels  be  chofen  for  Two  Places,  the  Burgefs 
makes  his  Choice  for  which  be  will  ferve,  and  a 
Warrant  fhall  be  direfted  from  Mr.  Speaker,  in 
the  NAme  of  the  Houfe,  to  the  Clerk  of  the 
Crown  to  fend  forth  a  Writ  for  a  new  Election 
for  the  o:her  Place  left ;  which  is  a  direfl  Proof 
that  it  is  a  Court  of  Power  and  of  Retord.  We 
have  a  Clerk  and  a  Regiftcrj  all  Matters  that  pafs 
here  are  entered  of  Record,  and  preferved.  As 
they  (land  for  ihe  Honour  of  a  Counfeltor,  fo  we 
for  our  Privileges.  It  is  to  be  wiihed.  That  wc 
had  a  Law  to  declare  our  Privileges,  that  we  have 
a  Court  of  Record  and  a  Regifter.  Obj.  IVe  (they 
fay)  ore  but  half  of  the  Bcdy^  and  the  Lcrds  are  the 
'  Parts  neavejl  the  Head.  Anf.  Nothing  afcends  to 
the  Head  but  by  the  Breafts,  tfc,  Cmd.  That 
we  may  pray  i'  may  be  explained  by  a  Law  what 
our  Privileges  are  •,  and  that  no  Man  Outlawed  [s) 
may  hereafter  be  admitfed. 

There  mult  be  a  Judge  of  the  Return  before  we 
fit ;  and  this  is  now  judged  according  to  the  pofi- 
tivc  Laws  of  the  Realm  by  the  King,  which  in- 
fringeth  not  our  Liberty,  fince  we  judge  after  the 
Court  is  let,  according  to  Drfcretion.  No  Prece- 
dent, That  =Tiny  Man  was  put  out  of  the  Houfc  for 
Utlawry  ;  therefore  it  had  been  fit  we  (hnuld  have 
defired  to  inform  the  King  that  he  was  mifinformcd. 

Let  us  now  leave  this  panicular  Cale  to  the 

Kin^,  and  Confider  and  Rcfolve  of  the  Material 
Q^ieftions  ivill  fall  out  in  tl>e  Debate  of  it. 
I.  Whelher  llils  Court  halb  Power  10  lakf^  Notice 
of  Returns  midebefrire  we  fii  here?  2.  Whether 
Men  Utlawed  may  be  of  theHoule?  3.  Whether 
a  Man  pardoned,  having  not  fued  forth  a  Writ  of 
S((re  fad  11^  ni;iy  be  called  in  Queftion  ?  4  Whe- 
ther ilie-Writ  were  returned  the  lyih  of  February 
or  no,  upon  Oaih  of  the  Sheriff? 

^0  Sntnrtimft  C/l'/jw-van<J  C/r/tfnW,,  l«aietiiaet  Our/awry  and 
Outlav/edf  in  the  Originilt 

0/-    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        5/ 

Some  others  were  ftrong  in  Opinion,  That  wc  ^^^ ,,  Junes  i* 
ought  not  to  confer  nor  to  commit,  faying.  That  1604. 
Majefty  had  conferred  with  Juftice;  yet  Majefty 
had  icft  the  Stopping  of  the  Wound  to  us.  We 
fliould  taint  ourfclves  with  Three  great  Blemiflies, 
if  wc  fhould  alter  our  Judgment,  Levity,  Cruelty 
and  Cowardice.  There  be  three  Degrees  of  upright 
Judgment,  Motion,  Examination,  Judgment: 
Ail  thcfe  have  pafled  us.  No  Court  can  reform  their 
own  Judgment.  Every  Day  a  Term  here.  Every 
Aft  that  pafleth  this  Koufe,  is  an  Aft  of  Parlia- 
ment. Shall  Juftice  float  up  and  down  ?  Shall  he 
be  a  Member  To-day,  and  fhall  we  tear  him  oiF 
To-morrow?  If  the  Member  be  found  it  is  Vio- 
lence :  If  the  Hand  tear  the  reft  it  is  Cruelry.  No 
Part  torn,  but  it  may  bleed  to  the  Ruin  of  the 

whole. Let  Sir  Frauds  Goodwin  ftand  as  he  is : 

Duty  and  Courage  may  (land  together ;  let  not 
the  Houfe  be  inveigtcd  by  Suggeftions.     This  may 
be  called  a  J^/u  JVarranh  to  feize  our  Liberties. 
There  hath  been  Three  Main  Objedticns. 

1.  The  King*3  Exception.  Jf^e  cmid  /htw  m 
Precedent  in  this  Kind.  Anfw.  The  King  tmld 
Jbew  no  fuch  IVrit  before.  Our  Hands  were  rnvef 
fought  to  be  cbfed  before^  nor  we  prevented.  It  opens 
a  Gaptathruji  us  all  into  the  Petty  Bag,  A  Chan- 
tellor  may  (ail  a  Parliament  of  what  Perfotii  he  will 
by  this  Cmrfe.  Any  Suggeflion^  by  any  Perfotty  may 
be  Cauft  of  fending  a  new  Pf^rit. 

2.  Obftcticn  by  the  Lord  Chief  Juftice.  By 
the  Law  we  had  mthtng  to  do  to  examine  Returns* 
Anfw.  fudgei  cannot  take  Nofue  of  private  Cufloms 
sr  Privleges:  But  wektive  a  Privilege  which  Jf audi 
to  th  the  Law.  The  Judges  informed  the  King  of 
the  Law,  but  not  of  the  Cafe  of  Privilege.  It  is 
true,  35  //.  6.  all  the  Judges  refolveJ,  That  no 
Outlawed  Man  ou2;hf  lo  be  admitted  ;  but  that 
wasConiroltedby  Parliament.  It  is  the  fame  Opi- 
nion now  ;  let  us  Control!  it  as  then  i  we  havedone 
no  Offence  to  the  State  :  Let  us  theret'ore  b« 
conftant  in  our  own  Judgment. 

E  a  t*  Ob* 

^8      The  Parliament ary  Histort 

An.  I.  >««  I.     3'  Obuliim.'^  •  »  »  •  Another  ;  Tkt  King's  Plea- 
1604.       Jurpf  That  lue  Jbsuld  deUvir  the  Reafom,  ^  that  iv^ 

have  dons  to  bejuji. It"  we  clear  our  ContempE, 

wc  have  ditchaigcd  ojrfdves.  The  Kin^^i-Bemh 
cannot  rcvtrfe  their  judgment  the  fame  Term  \ 
therefore  not  ihc  Pdrhamcnt.  Let  us  fend  a  Mef- 
fage  ro  the  Lords,  Thai  we  are  read)'  (0  to  do,  ;i3 
we  do  not  undo  this  Houfe. 

Others;  Non  Corotmbitur ^ui non  legitime  cert ave*- 
r'lt.  Not  to  be  termed  aDifference  between  his  Ma- 
jefty  and  the  Commons.  RsgammA^iguJle^  mnpug- 
namus.  The  Queftton  isnotof  Matter  of  Privilege, 
buc  o'  Judgment.  Let  us  attend  them  as  Lords  of 
the  Council,  and  not  as  Lords  of  Parliament.- — . 
Wc  do  no  ways  Conteft  or  Contend  wiih  his  Ma- 
jefly.  The  King  is  no  way  bound  in  Honour. 
If  Writs  go  forth  unduly,  they  may  be  Controlled 
without  Impeachment  to  the  Kinji's  Honour.  It 
is  the  A£1  iif  his  Interior  Officers.  Il  is  now  come 
to  this  Queftion,  IV^.ethir  the  Chancery  or  Parlja' 
vie/.t  o'ighi  to  have  Authority  P  Qiieft.  Whether  we 
s.-ght  tQ  fitiyfy  the  King  in  h's  Commandment? 

The  King's  Meilage  was.  That  we  fhould  Con- 
fider  within  ouifelres,  and  Refolve  of  ourfelves  j 
then  no  Need  to  confer  wi:h  the  Judges:  If  we 
cannot,  then  it  is  fit  lo  he  Refolv^d  by  the  Judges. 
— The  jL-dges  have  judged,  and  we  have  judged; 
What  Need  then  of  Conference  ?  Let  there  be  no 
Spark  of  that  taken  from  us,  which  we  have 
had  already  from  his  Majefty.  Let  our  Reafons 
be  pur  h:to  Articles,  and  delivered  in  all  Huanble- 
nefs  unto  him. 

Upon  the  Conchjfion  of  this  Debate  in  this  Man- 
ner, the  Houfe  proceeded  to  Qucllion  ;  and  the 
firli  was,  —  —  1.  Q;  fVhetker  the  Houfe  "Was  Refohed 
n  the  Matter  ? 

And    the  Queftion  was  Anfwered  by  general 

Voice,  That  the  whole  Houfe  was  Rcfolved. 

2.  Cl  Whether  the  Reafini  of  thei^  Proceeding  ft>all 
be  id  doivn  in  Writing  ?  And  it  was  Refolved^ 
That  iliey  fii^ll,  and  Ordered  lurther.  That  a 
Committee  Qiould  be  named  for  that  Futpofe,  and 


Of    ENGLAND.       ^ 

appointed  firft  10  fet  them  down  in  Writing,  and  An.  i.  Junail, 
to  bring  them  to  ihc  Htmie^  there  tu  be  put^Iiflicd,        '^P** 
and  to  receive  their  AlJowanre. 

A  Committee  wa£  inlbnr^y  named,  confiilme;  of 
Mr  Recorder  of  London^  Mr  Sullicicur,  Mr  At- 
lorney  of  ilie  War,is»  All  the  Serjerints  at  Law, 
and  thiriy-fevcn  Members  more.  To  meet  ihis 
Afternoon,  at  Two,  in  the  Exchequer •Ch^n\htT.         ' 

The  Authority  g^ven  unto  them  by  the  Houfc, 

was  this: TheHoufe  being refolved,  upon  the 

Queftion,  That  the  Reafons  of  their  precedent 
Refululion,  touching  the  Return,  Admittance  and 
Retaining  of  Sir  Francii  Gcsdw'm  as  a  Member  of 
liiis  Houfe,  fliould  be  fet  down  in  Writing  ;  thefc 
Committees  were  fpt-cially  appointed  to  perform 
that  Service,  and  have  Warrant  from  ihe  Houfe 
to  fend  for  any  Officer,  to  Vi:-w  and  Star  h  any 
Record,  or  other  Thing  of  that  Kind,  which  may 
help  their KnowlL'dgc  ur  Memory  in  this  particular 
Service:  And  havint^  deliber.u-ly  by  general  Cr.n- 
feni  fet  down  all  fu-h  Regions,  ihey  are  to  biing 
them  in  Writing  inro  the  Huufe,  there  to  be  Read 
and  Approved,  as  fhall  be  Lhought  fit. 

jfpriiit  it  was  movcd^  I'hat  Committees  might 
be  named  to  take  the  Examination  ol  the  Sherilf 
of  Budifi^bani/biu,  who  w:!s  by  former  Older 
fent  for,  and  now  come.  And  a  Committi*  were 
nam'd  and  appointed  lo  take  his  Examination  prc- 

Sir  Charles  CcrnwalHs  moved  in  Excufe  of  Sir 
Francis  Gecdma's  Ablence  from  the  Houfe,  and 
prayelh,  That  ihey  would  as  well  in  their  own 
Judgment  pardon  it,  as  witnefs  and  .ifiirm  his  Care 
and  Modeity,  upon  all  Oxafions,  to  the  King,  in 
that  he  hath  forborn,  during  all  rhe  Time  of  this 
Queflion,  to  come  into  the  Houfe. 

The  Examination  of  the  Sheriff  having  been 
prcfently  talien  by  ihe  Committees,  was  returned 

in  this  Form. Intcrr  i.    IFby  hi  removed  the 

County  from  Aylesbury  to  Brickhill  ? 

He  faith,  II  waa  by  Rcafon  of  tJic  Plague  being 

at  /fyiahtryy  tJ'iO  County  being  the  ssth  of  Jon- 

E  3  (w»?i 

JO    7he  Tarliamentary  Histort 

Aiv».  htAtAi.^'^^y*  ^^   which  Time  three  were  dead  of  the 
J^o^      '  Plague  iheT«.     This  was  the  only  Motive  of  re- 
moving his  County. 

Interr.  i.lVhether  he  were prefent  at  the JirfiEks- 
tien  ? —  He  was  prefenlj  and  was  as  failhftil  Co  wi{h 
tills  fecond  Place  to  Sir  Francii  Goodwin^  as  thefirlt 
to  Sir  John  ForteJaie\  fent  Sir  Francis  Goodwin  word, 
before  the  Ele6tion,  he  fhould  not  need  to  bring 
any  Freeholders,  for  the  EletStion  he  thought 
wouW  be  wirhout  Scruple  for  them  hoth  ;  firll  to 
Sir  Jshfiy  fecond  to  Sir  Frsmh.  About  Eight  o* 
.  Clock  he  came  to  BrickhiHi  was  then  told  by  Sir 

George  fbrsctmartsn^  and  others,  That  the   firft 
Voice  would  be  given  Tor  Sir  Francii  i  he  anfwered. 
He  hoped  it  would  not  be  fo,  and  delired  every 
Gentleman  to  deal  with  his  Freeholders.     After 
Eight  went  to  the  Election,  a  great  Number  there  be- 
in^Chiidren^neverattheCourty.  After  the  Writ  read, 
he  Hrft  intimated  the  Points  of  the  Proclamation  ; 
then  jointly  propounded  Sir  yohn  ForUfme  and  Sir 
Francis  Gsctkuin.     The  Freeholders  cried  firft,  A 
Goodwin,  A  Goodwin  :  Every  Juftice  of  Peace  on 
the  Bench  faid,  J  Forieffug,  AF&rtsfius  \  and  came 
down  from  the  Bench  before  they  named  any  for  % 
fecond,  and  defired  the  Freeholders  :o  name 
'  Sir  'Jf^hn  Fortefsue  for  the  firft.     Sir  Francis  Gosdwln 
being  in  a  Chamber  near,  was  fent  for  by  the  Sheriff 
and  J  uftices ;  and  he  came  down  and  earneftly  per- 
fwaded  with  the  Freeholders*  faying,  Sir  ]ohvi  was 
hisgn&d  Friend^  had  been  his  Father's^  arid  that  they 
wsuldnct  daSirJohathiit  Injury:  Notwithftandtng 
the  Freeholders  would  not  defift,  but  all  cried,  4 
Gjoiw':n,  A  Go'jdwiti 'y   fomc  crying,  A  Fortefiue, 
to  the  Number  of  60  or  thereabouts,  the  other  for 
Sir  FrantU  Gmiwin,  being  about  7.00  or  300  ;  and 
Sir  Fr^ncii  Gsi^dui  n^  to  his  thinking,  dealt  very 
plainly  and  earnelliy  in  this  Matter  for  Sir  J&ha 
Fsrie/aiej  for  that  Sir  Francii  Gffedwin  did  fa  ear- 
nelHy  proteft  ir  unto  him. 

Iiiterr.  3.  If^hs  laboured  h<m  to  make  the  Return 

p  img  hefo  £  the  Day  of  the  Parlinmenc  ?  He 

being   here  >o   Lp4sRi  Mr,  Altorney-Gentra!, 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        71 

ibe  ad  of  Marcb^  at  his  Chamber  in  the  Ifiner-  ^^  ,,  jame»L 
7empU^  delivered  him  two  Cap,  Utiagat.  againft  1604. 
Sir  Frands  G^Jwin  ;  and  before  he  ipade  his  Re- 
turn, he  went  and  advifed  with  Mr.  Atrbrney  a- 
bout  his  Return,  who  pen'd  it,  and  lb  it  was  done 
by  his  Diredtion  :  And  the  Return  being  wiitien, 
upon  Friday  a'"ter  the  Kin^^'a  Coming  through 
London,  ntar  about  mv  Lard  Cliancelli  ir's  Gate, 
in  the  Prelcnce  of  Sir  Jffhi  Faru/eue.  he  deliver'd 
the  Writ,  to  ^r  George  Coppin:  And  at  this  Time 
(it  being  about  Four  111  the  Afternoon)  and  before 
ihcy  parted,  Sir  John  Fcrtefcus  delivered  liim  the 
fccond  Writ  fealed  ;  S\xjshn  Fsrufcui^  Sir  George 
Coppin,  and  himfelf,  being  not  above  an  Hour  to- 
gether at  that  Time,  and  never  had  but  this  new 
Wiit  of  Parliament  to  him  delivered. 

Sublcribed,  Francis  Cheyne, 

This  was  returned  by  theCommittcero  tbe  Hands 
of  the  Clerk,  but  noi  ar  all  read  in  the  Hyufe. 

Mr,  Spciker  r-membretli  the  Matcrcf  Cocre- 
rence  with  the  Judges,  and  ofTereth  to  repeat  and 
put  again  iheQiieftions  that  were  formetly  made  j 
being  before  uncerratnly  .\nd  unpcrfedtly  left  1.39 
be  faid)  in  the  Cafe  tif  Butktnghamjhhs,   viz. 

1.  W^hsthr  the  Hcufi  were  rejoh/d  in  the 
MiUter  f 

a.  If^hether  theyJhmU  (mpr  zvith  the  Judges  ? 

And  at  length  induced  the  Houfc  to  entertain 
the  latter  Qijeftion  ;  and,  being  made,  wascirricd 
by  general  Voice  in  the  Negative,  No  Cmference. 

Upon  this  Paflage,  it  was  urged  for  a  Rule, 
That  a  Queftion  being  once  made,  and  carried  in 
ihe  Affirniailve  or  Negativcy  cannot  be  qucftioncd 
agam ;  but  muft  ftand  as  a  Judgement  of  the 

Ic  was  thought  fit  that  Mr.  Speaker  (hould  at- 
tend the  Committee  for  penning  the  Rcalnns  in 
Sir  Frandi  Goodmn'%  Cale,  not  by  Command- 
ment, but  Voluntary  oF  himfelf. 

The  next  Day   the  Realons  of  the  Proceeding 
of  the  Houfe  in  Sir  Fravds  Gcsdwin's  Cafe,  pen- 

The  Tarllamentary  History 

^q.  J.  J»moi.  ned  by  the  Commitiee,  were,  according  to  fortrier 
f^***        Order,  brought  in  by  Mr  franch  Msere^  and  read 
by  the  Clerk,  direded  in  Form  of  a  Petition. 

To  the  K  IN  G's  Moft  Excellent  Majefty. 
The  Humble  Anfwer  of  the  Commons  Houfe  of 
Parliament  to  His  Afajeji/s  Ohje^isus  in  Sir 
Francis  GoodwinV  Caji, 

MOST  Gracious,  our  Dear  and  Dread 
Sovereign,  Relation  being  made  to  Us 
by  our  Speaker,  of  Your  Majefty's  Royal  Cle- 
mency and  Patience  in  hearing  us,  and  of  Your 
Princely  Prudence  in  difcerning  j  fhewing  af- 
fectionate Defire  rather  to  receive  Satisfaftion  to 
clear  us,  than  Caufe  to  pardon  us :  We  do  in 
all  Humblenefs  render  our  moft  bounden  Thanks 
for  the  fame  ;  protefting,  by  the  Bond  of  our 
Allegiance,  That  we  never  had  Thought  to  of- 
fend Your  Majcfty  ;  at  ^vhofe  Feet  we  fhall 
ever  lie  proftrate*  with  Loyal  Hearts,  to  facrifice 
our  felves  and  all  we  have  for  Your  Majefty's 
Service:  And  in  this  Particular,  we  could  find 
no  Quiet  in  our  Minds,  that  would  fuffer  us  to 
entertain  other  Thoughts,  until  we  had  addreflcd 
our  Anfwer  to  Your  Moft  Excellent  Majefty  ; 
"  for  whicli,  neverthelefs,  we  have  prefutned  of 
the  longer  Time,  in  refpe6l  we  have  prepared 
fotne  Precedents,  requiring  Search,  to  yield  Your 
Majefty  better  Salisfaftion/ 

There  were  objcLled  aginfl  us  by  Your  Majefty 
and  Your  Reverend  judges,  Four  Things,  to  im- 
peach our  Proceedings,  in  receiving  Framii  Good' 
Xv'tHy  Knight,  into  our  Houfe. 

ObjeOion  i.  The  Firfl,  Tfyit  we  ajfume  U  our 
felves  Power  of  Examinirsg  ef  the  fileP.ims 
and  Retur?ii  tf  K/rshU  and  BurgeJJh^  which 
helmgeth  to  Tour  Majefy's  Chancery,  and  net 
to  us :  Br  that  all  Returns  of  IVrits  ivere 
exnminabie  in  the  Courts  wherein  they  are 
returnable  \  and  the  Parliament  ff^rits  being  re- 
turnable into  the  Chancery,  the  Returns  of  tbtm 
^uji  needi  be  tktre  examitCd  and  mt  with  us. 



0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       ji 

Our  Humble  Anfwer  is,  That,  until  the  7th ^^^ ,.  jjaneil, 
Year  of  King  Henry  fW,  all  Parliament  Writs  1604. 
were  returnable  into  tW  Parliament  ;  as  appcarclh 
by  many  Precedents  of  Record  ready  to  be  fhewed, 
nnd  confeqnently  the  Returns  there  examinable  : 
In  which  Year  a  Statute  was  made,  That  thence- 
forth every  Parliaraeni  Writ,  containing  the  Day 
and  Place  where  the  Parliament  fhall  be  holden, 
{hould  have  this  Claufe,  viz.  Et  Ele^ienem  tuam  in 
pleno  Ccmitatu  fa£iam  di/Hn^e  W  nperte  Jub  SigUh 
tuo  tf  SigilUi  torum^  qui  Ele^ioni  ilH  interfuerint^ 
nobii  in  CanceUariam  ncjiram  ad  Diem  (^  Locum 
in   Brevi  content^  uttificti  indilate  (f). 

By  this,  althcugh  the  torm  of  the  Writ  be 
Ibmewhat  altered,  yet  the  Power  of  the  Parliament 
to  examine  and  determine  of  Eleftions,  remaineth  ; 
for  fo  the  Statute  bath  been  always  expounded 
ever  fithenre,  by  Ufe  to  this  Day  :  And  for  that 
Purpofe,  both  the  Cleik  of  the  Crown  hath  al- 
ways ufed  to  [attend  ]  all  the  Parliament  Time, 
upon  the  Commons  Houle,  with  the  Writs  and 
Returns!  and  alfothe  Commons  \xi  the  Beginning 
of  every  Parliament,  have  ever  ufed  to  appoint 
fpcciai  Committees,  all  the  Parliament  Time,  for 
examining  Controverfies  concerning  Eledlions  and 
Returns  of  Knights  and  Burgefies:  During  which 
Time,  the  Writs  and  Indentures  remain  with  the 
Clerk  of  the  down ;  and  after  the  ParJiament 
ended,  and  not  before,  nre  delivered  to  the  Clerk 
of  the  Petty-  Bag  in  Chtincery^  ro  be  kept  there  ; 
which  is  warranted  by  Re.ilbn  and  Precedents  : 
Reafon ;  for  that  it  is  fit  that  the  Returns  fliould 
be  in  that  Place  examined,  where  the  Appearance 
and  Service  of  the  Writ  is  appiiinted.  The  Ap-  * 
pcarance  and  Service  is  In  Parliament,  ihercfore 
the  Return  examinitble  in  Parliament. 

Precedents:  One  in  the  agrh  Year  of  the  Reign 
of  the  late  Qiicen  Bliziibeth,  where,  after  one  Writ 
awarded  'into  Nor/alk  for  the  Choice  of  Knights, 
qnd  Ele^ion  made  and  returned,  a  fecvtnd  w.s,  be- 
fore the  P.'.rJiiment- Day,  awarded  ^y  the  Ld.  Chan- 
cellor, and  thereupon  another  Elei^ion  and  Re'ura 


(t)  See  Vol.  II.  p.  io<(. 

74      Th^  Tarlsamentary  Hi  stort 

j^j^ ,  T^j,  J  made ;  and  the  Commons  being  attended  wiih 
i«04.  '  both  Writs  and  Returns  by  the  Clerk  of  the  Crown, 
examined  the  Caufe,  allowed  the  Firft,  and  rejec- 
ted the  Second,  So  Artm  23  E/iza^ftb^  Regina^ 
a  Burgefs  wag  returned  dead,  and  a  new  chofen, 
and  returned  by  a  new  Writ:  The?  Party  returned 
dead  a|:>peareti ;  the  Commons,  notwi^hftanding  the 
Sheriff's  Return,  admitted  the  Firft  choien,  and 
rejefted  the  Second.  Alfo,  the  faid  -^d  Year,  a 
Burgefs  chofen  for  Hull  was  reiurned  Lunatick, 
and  a  new  chofen  upon  a  Second  Writ:  The  Firft 
claimed  his  Place;  the  Commons  examined  the 
Caute,  and  finding  the  Return  of  Lunacy  to  be 
true,  they  refufed  him  ;  but  if  it  had  been  Talfe, 
they  would  have  received  him.  /^nns  43  Elza' 
hethay  the  Sheriff  x^^  R.uliandflnre  returned  himfelf 
eleifted;  the  Commons  finding  that  he  was  not 
eligible  by  Law,  fent  a  Warrant  to  the  Cbtmcery 
for  a  new  Writ  to  chufe  anew,  ^nno  4j  Eliz, 
alfo  a  Burgefs  was  chofen  Eurge/s  fur  two  Bo- 
roughs ;  the  Commune  after  he  had  made  Eledi- 
on  which  he  wojld  ferve  for,  fent  Warrant  to  the 
Chcmery  for  a  Writ  to  chufe  a  new  for  the  other 
Borough ;  Of  which  kind  of  Precedents  there  are 
many  other,  wherewith  we  fpsre  to  trouble  your 
Majefty.  All  which  together,  viz.  Ufe,  Reafon 
and  Precedents,  do  concur  to  prove  {.h%  Chancery 
to  be  a  Place  appointed  to  receive  the  Returns,  as 
to  keep  them  for  the  Parliament,  but  not  to  judge 
of  them;  and  the  Inconvenience  might  be  great, 
if  the  Chancery  might,  upon  Suggeilions  orSherififs 
Returns,  fend  Writs  for  new  Eledlions,  and  thofc 
not  fubje^io  Examination  in  Parliament:  For  fo, 
when  fit  Men  were  chofen  by  the  Counties  and 
Boroughs^  the  Lord  Chancellor,  or  the  Sheriffs, 
might  difplace  them,  and  fend  out  new  Writs,  un- 
til lome  were  chofen  to  their  Liking  i  aThing  dan- 
gerous in  Precedents  for  the  Time  to  come,  how- 
foe  ver  we  reft  fecurely  from  it  at  this  prefent  by 
;hc  now  Lord  Chancellor's  hiiegrity. 

Objed^.  2.  That  we  detjU in  the  Caufe  with  tcomu£h 
fred^itatiojif  not  feeii.fy  fsr  a  Coumll  cf  Grj- 


0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      75 

iti/y,  and  without  Refpt^  to  your  mofl  excellent  An,  i.  Juna  I. 
Majejfy^  mr  Sovereign,  who  had  directed  the       **°*' 
Writ  to  he  made ;    and  being  but  half  a  Body^ 
and  no  Court  of  Record  oUne,  refujed  Confe- 
rence with  the  LordSf  the  other  hai/t   notunth' 
Jiandin'g  they  prayed  it  of  us. 
Our    humble    Anlwcr    is,    to    the    Precipita- 
tion, That  we  entred  into  ihisCaufe,  as  in  other 
Parliaments  of  like  Cafes  hath  been  accuftomed  ; 
calling  to  us  the  Clerk  of  ihe  Crown,  and  viewing 
both  the  Writs,  and  both  the  Returns;    which  in 
Cafes  of   *******    and  Motions,  though 
not    of    Bills   (requiring    three  Readings,)    haih 
been  Warrant  by  continual  Ufageamongft  us;  And 
thereupon,  well  finding  that  the  latter  Writ  was 
awarded  and  lealed  before  the  Chancery  was  repof- 
/cITcd  of  the  former,  which  the  Clerk  of  the  Crown, 
and  the  Sheriff  of  the  County,  did  both  tcftify,  and 
well  held  to  be  a  clear  Fault  In  Law,  proceKied  to 
Sentence  wiih  the  lefs  Refped  of  the  latter  Elefti- 
on.     For  our  Lack  of  Refpe*St  to  your  Majefty, 
we  conlefs,  with  Grief  of  our  Hearts,  we  are  right 
forry  it  (hall  be  fo  conceived;  protefting,  That  it 
"was  no  way  made  known  unto  us  before  that 
Time,  thai  your  Majefty  had  taken  to  yourlelf 
any  fpccial  Notice,  or  direiSed  any  Courfe  in  that 
Caufe,  other  rhan  the  ordinary  awarding  Writs  by 
your  Highnef's's  Officeis  in  that  Behalf;  But  if  we 
had  known  as  much  (as  fome  will  have)  by  your 
Majcfty's  royal  Mouih,  we  would  not,  without 
your   Majefty's  liiviiy,    have  proceeded  in  that 
Manner.     And  further,  it  may  pleafc  yoiir  Majel- 
ty  to  give  us  Leave  to  inform  you.    That  in  ihc 
Examination  of  the  Caufe,  the  Sheriff  avouched 
unto  us,  That  Goodwin  agreed  to  yield   ihc  Firft 
Place  of  the  Two  Knii^hi'>  lo  Six  Jehn  fo'tejcue, 
and  it)  his  own  Perton,   at  the  Time  of  tledlion, 
with  extr.iordinary  Earneilnefs,  ep'reaied  he  Elec- 
tors it  might  fo  bcr  and  cauled  the  Indentures  to 
be  made  up  to    hat  Purpote  ;    but  the  Lk£lors  ut- 
terly rcfurcJ  to  ft  4  them.     Coiueimng    ur  rtfu- 
Jing  CourcrcHCc  with  the  Lords,   theie  wjs  none 


y6      The  Tarlhmentary  History 

An.  X.  Tames  I.  defired-  until  after  our  Sentence  pafled  ;  and  then 
1604.  we  thought,  That  in  a  Matter  private  to  our  own 
Houfe,  which,  by  Rules  of  Order,  mighi  not  he 
by  us  revoked,  we  might,  without  any  Imputdiion9 
■  rcfufe  to  confer.  Yet  underftandino;  Ky  their  Lord- 
fhips,  That  your  Majefty  had  been  informed  againft 
us,  we  made  hafte  ^as  in  all  Duty  we  were  bound) 
to  lay  open  to  your  Majefty,  our  gond  and  graci- 
ous Sovereign,  the  whole  Manner  of  our  Proceed- 
ing; not  deubtifig^  though  we  were  but  Part  of  a 
Body,  as  to  make  new  Laws,  yet  for  any  Matter  of 
privileges  of  our  Houje,  we  are  and  ever  have  hten 
a  Court  of  ourfelves,  of  fuffident  Power  to  difcern 
end  determine  without  their  Lordji^ips,  as  their  Lord- 
pips  have  ufed-  ahvays  to  do  for  theirs  without  us. 

Obj&S.  3.    V)at  we  have,  by  our  Sentence  of  re- 
*  ceiving  Goodwin,  admitted^  That  Outlaws  may 

be  Makers  of  Laws -^  which  is  contrary  to  all 

Our  humble  Anfwer  is.  That  notwithftanding 
the  Precedents  which  we  truly  delivered^  of  ad- 
mitting and  retaining  Outlaws  in  Pcrfonal  Actions 
in  the  Commons  Houfe,  and  none  remitted  for 
that  Caufe;  yet  we  received  fo  great  Sati8fa.5tion, 
delivered  from  your  royal  Maiefty*s  own  Mouth, 
■with  fuch  excellent  Strength  and  Light  of  Reafon, 
more  than  before,  in  that  Point,  we  heard  or  did 
conceive,  as  we  forthwith  prepared  an  Aft  to  paS 
our  Houfe,  That  all  Outlaws  henceforth  {hall  ibnd 
difabled  ;o  ferve  in  Parliament:  But  as  concerning 
Goodwin's  Particular,  it  could  not  appear  unto  us, 
having  throughly  examined  all  Parts  of  the  Pro- 
ceedings againft  him,  That  he  ftood  an  Outlawr, 
by  the  Laws  o( 'England,  at  the  Time  of  the  Elec- 
tion made  of  him  by  the  County;  and  that  for  two 
Caufes:  TheFirft  is,  That  where  the  Party  Out- 
Jawed  ought  to  be  five  Times  proclaimed  to  appear 
in  the  Sheriff's  County  Court  i  and  then  not  ap- 
pearing, ought  to  be  adjudged  Outlawed  by  the 
Judgment  of  the  Coroners  of  the  County;  there 
appeareth  no  Record  made  in  the  Huflings  of  Loh' 
</tfff,  that  Qoodwin  was  five  Times  proclaimed,   or 

OfE  N  G  L  A  N  D.        77  • 

that  the  Coroners  gave  Judgment  of  Outlawry  An.  i.jameti. 
againft  him:  But  a  Clerk  lately  come  to  that  Of-  ***♦' 
ficc,  haih  now>  many  Years  after  the  Time,  and 
fmce  this  Eledion,  made  Entries,  inteilined  with 
a  new  Hand,  that  he  was  Outhwcd:  To  which 
new  Entries  we  could  give  no  Credit,  for  that  the 
Parties,  at  whofe  San  Goodu'in  was  lucd,  have  tef- 
tified  in  their  Writings  of  Rcleafe,  That  they  ne- 
ver proceeded  further  than  to  take  out  the  Writ  of 
Exigent  for  an  Oatlawry ;  and  being  then  paid 
their  Money,  defifted  there:  By  which  we  find, 
That  Gcodwin  was  not  five  Times  proclaimed,  nor 
adjudpied  Outlawed,  being  a  Thing  ufual  in  Londan 
to  fpare  that  Proclamation,  and  Judgment,  if  the 
Party  call  not  upon  it;  and  no  Record  being  made 
for  many  Years  together  that  either  of  them  was 

The  Second  Caufe  was,  for  that  the  Writ  of 
Exigent  J  by  which  the  Sheriff  was  commanded  to 
proclaim  him  five  Times,  was  never  lawfully  re- 
turned, Dor  cenified  by  Cert  sr  art  j  wihout  which 
we  take  it,  that  Gaodivin  flood  not  difibled  as  an 

To  this,  adding  the  two  general  Pardons  by 
Parliament,  which  had  cleared  the  Outlawry  in 
Truth  and  Subftancefif  any  were;)  and  thai  G69d- 
wift  could  not  apply  the  Pardons  by  Scire  fa,  for 
thai  no  Record  nor  Return  was  extant  of  the  Out- 
lawry, whereupon  he  might  ground  &  Scire  fa. 
wc  were  of  Opmion,  and  to  your  Majcfty's  moll 
Reverend  Judges  would  have  been  if  ihcy  had 
known  thus  much,  1  ha^  Goedvjin  flood  not  dil- 
abled  by  Outlawry  to  be  Eiedted  or  Serve  in  Par- 
liament: But  when  we  cjnfiJered  further,  That 
iheCourfe  taken  ag:tinft  Goodwin  (or  drawing  him 
into  this  Outlawry  of  Purpufc  to  difablc  him  to 
ferve  in  this  Place,  whereto  ihe  County  had  freely 
elc^cd  him,  was  un.-fual ;  we  could  not  with  the 
Rqiutalion  of  our  Places,  ferving  as  a  Council  of 
Gravity,  in  Allowance  or  Continuance  of  that 
Ojutfe,  cenfure  him  to  be  rejedled  as  an  Outlaw : 
The  Particulars  of  which  were  thefe,  «;z. 


78     The  Parliamentary  Histokt 

An.  1.  Jamcj  I.      Two  Exigents  awarded,     *•»•»•     xh^ 
J604.         other  feven  Years  paft  to  the  H^JJingsm  London: 
No  Entry  made  of  five  Proclamations ;  nor  of  any 
Judgment  of  the  Coroners  ;  nor  any  Return  of  the 
Exigents  made  or  endorfed  (   the  Party  Plaintiff" 
latisfied,  the  pretended  Outlawries  being  hut  upon 
meane  Procefs  :    And  as  to  your  Majefty^s  Duties 
and  Contempts  pardoned  now  fince  Gscdwin  was 
cleiSled  Knight,  the  Exigent  now  fought  out  fince 
tiie  Election  procured  to  be  returned  in  the  Name 
of  the  Sheriffs  that  then  were,  and  are  long  fince 
dead,  and  new  Entry  made  of  the  five  Proclama- 
tions and  Coroner's  Judgment ;  and  now  a  Return 
made  of  that  old  Exigent,  which  could  be  of  no 
Ufe,  but  only  for  a  Purpofe  to  difablc  him  for  that 
Place.    Upon  all  which  wc  could  do  no  lefs,  in  true 
Difcrerion,  than  certify  the  Eledion  made  Secundum 
.  quum  et  benum. 
Objeft.  4.    'that  we  procsedtd  u  fxamhe  th$ 
Truth  of  the  FaSl  of  Outlawry,  and  gave  our 
Seftten{€  upon  that ;  wberefji  we  ought  to  have 
been  bounii  by  (he  Slerijfi   Return  of  the  Oui- 
lawry  fri}in  fuuber  Exammng^  WhUher  thi 
Party  iverg  Outhwed  or  mt  f 
Our  humble  Aniwer  is,  That  the  Precedent* 
cited  btfore,  in  our  Anfu/er  to  the  firil  Ohjeftion, 
do  prove  the  Ufe  of  the  Commons  Houfe  to  Exa- 
mine Veritatem  fcicli,    in   Ekliions  and  Returns, 
and  have  not  been  lied  peremptorily  10  allow  the 
Return  ;    as  if  a  Knight  or  Burgefs  be   untruly 
returned  Dead,  or  Lunatick.  yet  when  he  appcar- 
eih   10   the  Hout'c  to  be  Living  and  Sounds  they 
have,  contrary  to  the  Return,  received  him  into 
the  Houfe,  pre''erring  the  Truth  manifeft  before 
ihe  Return.     By  wliicii  difcreet  Proceeding  there 
is  avoided  that  great  Inconvenience  abovemention'd 
of  giving  Libeity  to  Sheriffs,  by  untrue  Returns, 
to  ni  >ke  and  remove  whom  they  lift,  to  and  from 
the  Parliament  Service,  how  meet  foever  the  Par- 
ties be  in  the  Judgment  of  ihc  County  or  Borough 
that  ekdcd  them. 





0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        y^ 

Thus  in  all  Humility  we  have  prefented  to  An.  j.^  Junes  I, 
your  moft  Exccllcnc  Majefty  the  Grounds  and 
Reafjns  of  our  laie  Action,  ltd  wiih  no  Affec- 
tions, but  guided  by  Truth,  warranted  in  our 
Confcicnccs,  imitating  Precedents,  maintaining 
our  aniienl  Privileges,  honouring  your  Excellent 
Majefty  m  all  your  Services;  to  which  in  all 
Loyalty  and  Devotion  we  bind  us,  and  ours  for 
ever,  praying  daily  on  the  Knees  of  our  Hearls, 
to  the  Majefty  of  the  Almighty,  that  your  Ma- 
jefty and  yourPofttrity  may  in  all  Felicity  reign 
over  us  and  ours  to  the  End  ofiheWorfd. 

Thefc  Reafons  iVt  down  and  puhlii}ied  to  the 
Houle,  Mr-  Secreiary  Herbert  was  lent  with  Mcf- 
iage  to  the  Lords,  that  the  Houfe  had  rclolved  of 
their  Anfwer  to  his  Majefty,  m  Sir  Fiamh  Gcsd- 
win*%  Cafe,  and  had  ici  it  down  in  Writing,  and 
that  it  fliould  be  fen:  to  their  Lordfhips  befors 
Four  in  the  Afternoon  i  vi^ho  immediaiely  reiurn'd 
their  Lordfhips  Anlwer,  That  they  would  be 
ready  at  that  Time  in  the  Councii  Chamber  at 
Whiieball^  with  Thirty  of  the  I  ords,  to  receive 
what  then  ftiould  be  delivered.  Then  were  nam*d 
.Threefcorc  to  attend  the  Delivery  oi  the  (aid  Rea- 
fons at  the  Time  ?.nd  Place  urorelaid. 

The  fame  Day  in  the  Afternoon,  the  Houfc 
entering  feroufly  into  Conlullation  what  Courfe 
was  to  be  held  with  the  Lords ;  as  .  ho  falling  into 
more  Length  of  Difpuiaiion,  touching  the  Bill  of 
Merchants^  than  were  cxneded*  (cm  five  Mem- 
bers as  Mcfl'engers  to  the  Lords  to  excufe  their 
long  urry  ing.  And  about  Five  o'Oock  the  Com- 
mittee appointed  d,d  attend  to  deliver  the  Reafons 
aforefaid,  at  the  Council  Chamber,  according  to 
Appointment  and  Order  of  both  HouT^s ;  and  they 
were  delivered  by  Sir  F'amii  Bawiy  one  of  the 
Committees,  with  delire,  Th..t  their  Lordfhips 
would  be  Mediators  in  Behalf  of  the  Houfe,  for  his 
Majtrfty's  Siiisfadtion. 

April  4,  Sir  Francis  Bacon  h:iving  the  Day  be- 
fore delivered  to  the  Lords  in  !  ic  Cm r.cil- Chamber 
at  IVhitthally   according  to  the  Dirc<tUon  of  the 


So     The  Parliamentary  History 

An.1.  Taineii.^°"^^»   ^**^   Rcafons  in  Writing  penn'd  by  the 
1604.      '  Committee  touching  Sir  Francis  Geodwint  Cafe, 
made  Report  of  what  palled  at  the  Time  of  the 
faid  Delivery. 

Firft,  That  though  the  Committees  employed 
were  a  Number  fpecially  deputed  and  fde<^ed  ; 
vet  that  the  Lofds  admitted  all  Burgefles  wiihout 
biftinj^tion;  that  tliey  offered  it  wiili  Teflimony 
of  their  own  Speed  and  Care  in  ihe  Bufinefs,  (a  as 
ihey  faid  no  one  Thing  h;\d  Precedency,  but  only 
the  Bill  of  Recognition  ;  that  tliey  had  futh  Refpedt 
to  the  Weight  o^  i[,  as  they  had  not  committed  it 
to  any  Frailty  of  Memory,  or  verbal  Relation,  but 
put  it  into  Writing  for  more  permanent  Memory 
of  their  Duty  and  Rcfped  to  his  Majefty's  Grace 
and  Favour :  That  in  Conclufion  they  prayed  thir 
LordJ}}ips,  fuhencs  they  bad  nearer  Auejs.  they  would 
(O-operate  zvith  them  for  the  King's  Satiifcciion ; 
and  fo  delivered  the  Writing  to  the  Hands  of  the 
Lord  Chancellor,  who  receiving  it,  demanded, 
Whethei-  ihey  (liould  lend  it  to  the  King,  or  firft 
pcrufe  it  ?  To  whi^h  was  aniwer'd;  iince  it 
was  the  King's  Pleafure  ihey  fliould  concur,  they 
dtfired  their  Lordfliipa  would  firft  perufe  it.  The 
Lord  Cecil  demimdtd.  Whether  they  had  Warrant 
to  Amplify,  ExpU:n,  or  Debate  any  Doubt  or 
(^ueftion  made  upon  the  Reading?  To  which  it 
was  faid.  They  had  no  Warrant.  And  fo  the 
Writinfj  was  read,  and  no  more  done  atthatTime. 
j^pril^lhy  Mr.  Speaker,  by  a  pnvate Command- 
ment, atiendcj  the  Kmgthis  Morning  at  Eijjhs  ^md 
there  ftaid  tillTen  Mi  Speaker excufeJ  hisAbknce, 
by  reafon  he  was  commanded  to  attend  hi'iM  jcrty; 
and  broupht  MelHtge  fn  m  his  Majefty  to  this  Effect. 
Thrtt  iht  Ksng  had  received  a  Parchn  cnt  from  the 
Houle.  U'htilier  it  wpre  an  abfoIuTe  RsfoIuLionj 
or  Reafon  to  give  him  Sausfaflion,  he  knew  not: 
He  thou[;ht  it  wns  raihor  intended  for  his  Satisfac- 
tion. His  Majefty  protefted,  by  that  Love  he  bare 
TO  the  Houfc  as  his  Loving  and  Loyal  Subjedls,  and 
by  the  Faith  he  did  ever  owe  ro  God,  he  had  as 
great  a  Defirc  10  maiuiaia  their  Privileges,  as  ever 


0/    ENGLAND, 


a uy  Prince  had,  or  as  themfelves.  He  had  fccnAa.  2.  JameiT, 
and  confidered  of  the  Manner  and  the  Matter :  He  ^^♦- 
had  heard  his  Juiigei  and  his  CcuncHi  and  that  he 
was  now  diftraiftrd  in  Judgment.  Therefore,  for 
his  further  Siitisfaftion,  he  defired,  and  command- 
ed, ai  an  Abfohte King^  that  there  might  be  a  Con- 
ference between  Che  Houfc  and  the  Judges;  and 
that  for  that  Purpofe  there  might  heaSelefl  Cotn- 
miClee  of  Grave  and  Learned  Pcrfons  out  of  ihc 
Houfc  :  That  his  Council  might  be  prefent,  not  ai 
Umpires  to  determine^  but  t9  Rep:ri  indiffirenily  m 

Upon  ThisUnsxpefted  MeDagc  there  grew  fomc 
Amazement  and  Silence.  But  at  lall  Otie  flood  up 
and  faid,  The  Prince's  Command  is  like  a  Thun- 
der-Bolt i.his  Command  upon  our  Allegiance  like 
the  Roaring  of  a  Liun.  To  his  Command  there 
is  no  Contradiction  ;  but  how,  or  in  what  Man- 
ner we  (hou!d  now  proceed  to  perform  Obedience, 
that  will  be  the  Queflion. 

Another  .-inrwereJ,  Let  Us  petition  to  his  Ma- 
jefty,  that  he  will  be  picafed  to  bt:  prefcnl,  to  hear, 
moderare,  and  judge  the  C'lfe  himlVlf.  Where- 
upon Mr.  Speaker  proceeded  to  this  Quefllon. 
Q.  IVhethr  ti  Confer  wiih  the  Judges  in  the  Pre- 
fence  6/ thi  J^ng  and  Council?  Which  was  refolved 
in  ihs  Affirmative.  And  a  feled:  Committee  pre- 
fcnily  named  for  the  Conference,  conlifting  of 
iwenry-cne  Lawyers,  and  fixteen  other  Members. 

Thefe  Committees  were  fcle^cd  and  appointed 
to  Confer  with  the  Juclgesof  theLaw,  touching  the 
Rcafons  of  proceeding  in  Sir  Fmnds  Cosdwun  Cafe 
fet  down  in  Whring,  and  deliver'd  to  his  Majetly 
in  the  Prefunce  of  the  Lord;  of  his  Majcfty's  Coun- 
cil>  according  to  his  Highnefs'^  Pleafure  fignified 
by  Mr,  Speaker  ihi'=  Day  l»  the  Heufe. 

It  was  further  Refolved  -.ind  Ordered  by  the 
Hcufe,  upon  the  Muilon  to  that  End  by  Mr. 
Laurenre  Hyde^  (u)  That  the  aforefaid  Committees 
fhould  infid  upon  the  Fortification,  and  Explain- 
ipg  of  the  Rcafons  and  Aniwers  delivered  unto  his 
Vol..  V.  F  Ma- 

(u)  Th'u  MrmbCT  Atftii^uiA'd  titmrelf  eteativ  in  the  AdCaic  of 
ItbBopoitt!.    A*,  43  £/'^.    See  Vol.  IV.  p.  4;*,  (J/<. 

7he  TarliameHtary  HisroKt. 

In.  1.  jamej  I.  Majefty  ;  and  not  proceed  to  any  other  Argument 
1604-        or  Anfwer,  what  Occafion  foever  moved  in  the 
Time  of  that  I>;bale, 

jfpriJ  nth,  \hs  Houfe  being  met  arcordlrg  to 
Adjournment,  Sir  Frands  Bacon  wasexpeifted,  and 
called,  to  make  a  Report  of  the  laCe  Conference 
with  ihe  Judges  in  the  Prefcnce  of  his  Majefty  and 
the  Lords  of  the  Council :  But  he  made  ExCufe, 
faying,  he  was  noiWarranted  to  make  any  Report ; 
and  tantum  perm]ffum  quantum  ccmmij^im :  Never- 
ihelcf?,  upon  a  Qyeftion,  he  was  ^ver-ruled  (o 
make  a  Report;  and  a  Motion  thereupon  made, 
Th:it  ihe  Committees  mij^ihi  firft  affcrnblc  in  the 
Court  of  Wards,  and  confer  amongft  themfelves, 
and  then  the  Report  to  he  made. 

Sir  Francis  Bncp/it  after  the  Meetifig  of  the 
Commitretsin  the  Court  of  Wards, 
h;id  pafied  in  Conference  in  the  Prefcnce  of  his 
Majefty  and  his  Council.  TlieKing  faid,  he  would 
he  Prefident  himftlf-— This  Attendance  renewed 
ihe  Remembrance  of  the  laft,  when  we  departed 
with  fuch  Admir-itlor.  It  wai;  the  Voice  of  God 
in  Man :  The  good  Spirit  of  God  in  the  Mouth 
of  Man.  I  do  not  Jay,  llie  Voice  of  God»  and 
nor  ol  Man.  1  am  not  one  of  Herod's  Flaltcrers, 
A  Curie  fell  upon  him  (aid  it.  A  Curfc  on 
hini  [hat  Tuficred  it.  We  might  iiiy  as  was  faid  to 
Sshnm,  We  arc  glad,  O  King,  that  we  give  Ac- 
court  to  you,  beciufe  you  difctrn  what  is  fpoken. 
We  let  pafs  no  Moment  of  Timp,  until  we  had 
refolvcd  and    let  down  an  Anfwer  in  VViitingj 

which  we  now  hid  ready. That  fiihcnce  wc 

received  a  Mefl'ige  from  Ijis  Majefty  by  Mr.  Spea- 
ker, of  TwoParts.  1.  The  one  Paternal.  2.  The 
other  Royal,  i.  That  we  were  as  dear  unto  him 
as  the  Safety  ot  his  Herfon,  or  the  Prelervaiion  of 
his  Poflcrity.  2.  Royal,  That  we  fiiould  Confer 
v/ith  his  Judues,  and  th?-t  in  the  Prefence  of  him- 
feif  and  his  Cuuncii.  'Jbat  we  did  more  now  to 
King  James  than  ever  tvas  done  fime  the  Cdn^ue^^ 
in  giving  duount  QJ  our  Judgments.  That  we  had 
no  Intent  in  all  our  Proceedings  to  encounter  his 


5/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        8j 

Mfljefty,  or  to  impeach  his  Honour  or  I'rerogative.  An.  a.  J«ma  li 

This  waa  rpoken  by  way  of  Preamble  by  him  *** 

you  employed. How  lo  Report  his  Majefty's 

Speeches  be  knew  [nuij  The  Eloquence  of  a  Kiog 
was  unimitable.  . 

The  King  addrds'd  himfelf  to  him  as  deputed 
by  the  Houlc,  and  f^id  he  v^ould  make  ihrec  I'arls 
of  what  he  had  to  fay.  The  Caule  of  ihe  Meeting 
was  to  draw  to  an  End  the  Difference  in  Sir /Vdndr/i 
GWufin's  Cafe.  If  they  required  his  Abfcnce,  he 
was  ready  i  bccaufc  he  feared  he  might  be  thought 
interefted,  and  fo  breed  an  Inequality  on  their  Part. 
He  faid,  Tliac  he  would  not  hold  hi?  Prerogative 
or  Honour,  or  receive  any  Thing  of  any  or  all  hb 
Subjcdo.  This  was  his  Magnanimity.  That  he 
would  confirm  and  ratify  all  juft  Privileges.  This 
his  Bounty  and  Amliy.  As  a  King  Royally:  As 
King  Jomei^  fwcctly  and  kindly  out  of  his  good 

One  Point  was,  Whether  we  were  a  Court  of 
Record,  and  had  Powtr  to  judge  of  Rtiurr.s.  As 
our  Court  had  Power,  16  hi^d  the  C/j^Atfrv ;  and 
thai  the  Court  that  fi:rt  had  palled  their  Judgment 
ihould  not  be  conlrouled.  Upon  a  Surmife,  and 
upon  the  Sheriffs  Return,  there  grew  a  Difference. 
— That  there  he  Two  Powers.  One  Permanent; 
The  other,  Tranfitoiy.  That  tU  Chancery  uas 
a  CinJiJeniiary  Ccurt  to  the  Ufe  of  ihd  Parliament 
during  the  Time.  Whatfoever  the  Sheiiff  inleris 
beyond  the  Authority  of  hij.  Mandate,  a  Nugition. 
The  Parliaments  of  Etigland  not  to  be  bound  by  a 
Sheriff's  Return. 

That  oui  PnviU'gcB  were  not  in  Queftion.  That 
it  was  private  Jcriloufies  without  any  Kernel  or 
Subftifltc.  Hi  granted  it  loai  a  Court  of  Record^ 
ami  tt  Judge cf  Rti urns.  He  moved.  Thai  neiiher 
Sir  John  Fjriijcue^  nor  Sir  Francis  Goodwin  might 
have  Place.  Sir  John  lofing  Place,  his  Majefty 
did  meet  us  half  Way.  Tltat  when  there  did  arife 
a  Schifm  in  the  Church  beiwe:'n  a  Pope  and  art 
Ami- Pope,  there  could  be  no  End  of  the  Diffe- 
rence until  they  were  both  put  down. 

F  a  Upofl 

Aa.  1.  James  I. 

Upon  ihis  Report  a  Motion  was  made,  That  it 
mighl  he  done  hy  way  of  Warrant  ;  and  therein 
to  be  inferted.  That  it  wss  done  at  the  Ret^nelt  of 
the  King  :  And  was  further  laid,  (as  anciently  it 
hath  been  faid)  That  weiore  more  at  a  Parliament 
than  we  gain  at  a  Battle.  That  the  Auihoiity  of 
theCommitttfe  was  only  to  foitify  what  was  agreed 
on  by  the  Hcufe  for  Anlwer,  and  that  they  had 
no  Auihoitty  to  confent. 

It  was  further  moved,  by  another,  That  we 
fhouid  proceed  to  take  away  our  DifTention,  and 
to  preferve  our  Liberties;  and  faid,  That  in  this 
we  hfid  exceeded  our  Commiflion ;  and  that  we 
had  drawn  upon  us  a  Note  cf  Inconftancy  and 

Levity. But  the  Acclamation  of  the  Hcufe, 

was,  That  it  was  a  Teftimony  of  out  Duty,  and 
no  Levity. 

So  as  the  Qucftion  was  prefently  made: 

^  WheTher  Sir  Jehi  Forte/cue  and  Sir  Frands 
Goodwin  (hall  both  beiecluded,  and  a  Warrant  for 
a  new  Writ  directed.  Ami  upon  the  Queftion, 
Refolved,  That  a  Writ  ihould  ifllie  for  a  new 
Choice,  and  a  Warrant  direOcd  accordingly. 

A  Moiion  made,  That  Thanks  fliould  be  pre- 
fented  by  Mr.  Speiiker  to  his  Majef^y,  for  hisPre- 
fcnce  and  Dircdlion  in  this  Matter ;  and  thereupon 
ordered,  'I'liat  his  Mrfjefty's  Pleafure  fhould  be 
known  by  Sir  Roger  Ajim  for  their  Attendance 

Becauic  it  had  been  conceived  by  Ibme,  that 
Sir  F.-atMs  Goodwin  being  the  Membrr  I'pccially 
intcrelied,  it  were  fit  he  fhould  give  Teftimony  of 
hisLilcingandOoedience  in  thisCuurfe;  being  dealt 
wilhal  10  ihnt  Knd  he  wri:  VXs  Lelter  to  Mr.  Speaker; 
which,  bijsri  lh\$  '^utfiiQn  made^  for  tetUr  Satiifac- 
tii/i  (,/ we  Huifey  was  read  in  thefe  Worth: 

S  I  R, 

/Am  heartily  firry  u  havi  ken  the  leaji  Otcaftsn 
either  of  ^e/fion  between  h'a  Mfijejiy  and  that 
FJoncurahle  Ihufe^  ar  of  interruptisn  to  thoje  worthy 
and  iveighly  Caufet,  ivhkh  by  this  Time,  in  aU  Like- 
lik6sd,  had  been  in  very  goad  Fttrtkeranct :  IVherefore 



0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       8j 

mnitrp&nding  very  credibly^  that  it  pUafid  his  ^a-j^^  ^  iwiwl 
j^Fy,  whn  thi  Committer  hjl  attended  hirrty  to  tah  '  iU^, 
Ciurfi  with  thrm  f9r  a  Ti)itd  ff^rit  and  Ekciimfor 
the  Knightflip  of  the  County  of  B'Jckingtiain  ;  /  am 
/*  Z*^"*  J^^^  i^ving  any  Imptdir.tnt  thercunts^  that 
cantraTTVo'tfey  /  humbly  diftre  hit  Mnjefl/s  Dire^fion 
in  thct  Bebaf  w  he  aacmphjhed  and  pe^-formed.  So 
praying  ym,  according  to  jiich  Opportunily  as  toill 
te  miniflredi  t9  give  Furtherance  thereuntil  I  take 
my  Leave,  and  reft 

Vft^.this  XUhaf  lours,  Mojl affiired 

April,  1604. 

Dirtied ,  To  fif  Rffif  »V-  tt  be  Commandedy 

fiiffiit  •a/r  Edwaxti  Phclips, 

April  12th,  a  Motion  was  made,  That  Mr. 
Speaker,  in  Behalf  of  the  Huufe,  (hould  Pray  Ac- 
cefs  10  his  Majefly,  and  Prefcnt  ihcrr  Humble 
Thanks  for  his  gracious  Prefence  and  Djreilion, 
upon  ibc  Hearing  of  Sir  Ffamii  GoodwinS  Caufe; 
which  was  aller  ltd  unto :  And  Sir  Rogtr  Aflcn,  a 
Servant  of  liis  Majefty*s  Bed-  Chainher,  and  one  of 
the  Members  of  the  Houfe,  was  prefently  appointed 
to  know  his  Majefty's  Pleafure  ;  which  he  did  ac- 
cordingly j  and  re[Litned,  his  M^efty  was 
willing  to  give  ihem  Acceis  in  the  Gallery  at 
IVhitehally  a:  Two  in  the  Afternoon,  the  fame 
Day.  Thereupon  a  Committee  was  Named  to 
arrend  Mr.  Speaker  to  the  King,  wiih  a  General 
Warrant  to  all  Others  that  fliould  be  pleafed  to 
Accompany  ihem. 

The  Committee,  Specially  Named,  were,  All 
[he  Privy  Council  ot  the  Houfe,  and  Thirty-eight 
Members  more. 

Accordingly,  the  next  Day,  Mr.  Speaker  re- 
lumed to  the  Houfe  the  EfTed  of  his  Mellage  of 
Thanks,  Delivered  in  the  Name  of  the  Houfe  to 
the  King  i  as  alfo  of  his  Maicfty*ri  Anfwer,  w's. 

That  he  related  to  his  Hignnefs  the  Humble  and 

Duiifui  Acceptation  of  whtit  his  Majefty  had  done, 

tngfther  Willi  ;lic  humble  Thanks  of  the  Houfe 

F  3  *"«<f 

The  Tarliamentary  History 

Ant  a.  J«mc5  L  for  his  Zealous  and  Paternal  Delivery  of  his  Grace 

»w«        unto  Us,    by  his  own   Mouth :   What  Wonder 

they  conceived  in  his  Judgment,  what  Joy  in  his 

Grace,    what  Comfort  they  had  in  his  Juftice, 

what  Approbation  ihcy  made  of  his  Prudence,  and 
what  Obedience  they  yielded  to  his  Power  and 

That  his  Direftion  gave  all  Men  Satisfaftion. 
That  they  were  determined  to  purfue  the  Courfc  he 
had  prcfcribed.  Thatnow  they  were  becomeSuitora, 
he  would  be  pkafed  to  receive  a  Reprefentallon  of 
the  humble  Thanks  and  Service  of  the  Houfe. 

His  Majefty  anfwered.  That  upon  this  Second 
Accefs,  he  was  forced  toreiler.ite  what  he  had  laid 
before.  That  this  Queftion  was  unhappily  call 
Mpon  him,  for  he  carried  as  great  a  Refpci^  to  Our 
Privileges  as  ever  any  Prince  did  ;  he  was  no 
Ground- Searcher ;  he  was  of  the  Mind  that  our 
Privileges  was  his  Strength :  That  he  thought  the 
Ground  of  our  Proceeding,  was  our  not  under- 
flanding  that  he  had  intermeddled  before  We  had 
decided  :  That  he  thought  alfo  We  had  no  Wilful 
Purpofc  to  derogate  any  thing  from  him,  for  Our 
Anfwer  was  a  grave,  dutiful,  and  obedient  Anfwer, 

But  as  (he  Devil  had  unhappily  caft  ihis  Queftion 
between  them,  Co  he  faw  God  had  turned  it  to 
two  good  Ends  and  Purpofe5.  i.  One,  That  he 
knew  and  had  approved  our  Loyalty.  2.  Another, 
That  he  had  fo  good  an  Occafum  to  make  Tefli- 
mony  of  his  Bounty  and  Grace. 

That  as  we  came  to  grve  him  Thanks,  fo  did  he 
redouble  his  Thanks  to  Us.  That  he  had  rather 
be  a  Kin^  of  fuch  Subje^fts,  than  to  be  a  King  of 
many  Kicigiloms. 

The  Second  Piirt  of  his  Speech  dirciflcd  to  the 

Lords  and  Us. That  this  Parliament  was  not 

like  [o  be  long-  That  we  would  treat  of  fuch  Mat- 
ters, as  moll  concerned  the  Common-Wealth  ;  and 
thc!aft,ofany  thing  that  concLfnedhimfelf.  — Three 
jnam  Buiireiles  in  our  Hands:  i.  The  L^nion.  2. 
Sundry  PubnckandCommcnwe.iUh-Bil's.  3.  Mat- 
urof  ReIigion,andReformation  of  Ecdtfiaftkal  Dif- 

QTENGLAND.       87 

cipline.— ^Fot  the  Union,  that  it  might  be  now  An. ».  Juant. 
prepared,  and  profecuied  tijc  next  Stffion.     That      >M' 
Union>  which  with  the  Lois  of  much  Blood  could 
never  be  brought  to  pais,  as  now  ii  is.    That  the 
belter  to  bring  it  lo  pals,  We  (huuld  be  in  Affec- 
tions united. 

Thsl  We  fhouM  firft  with  all  Care  proceed  in 
Tuch  Laws  as  mi^ht  concern  the  general  Gciod. 

That  all  Hercfiea  and  Schifnis  might  be  rooted 
our,  and  Care  taken  to  plant  and  I'eitlc  God's  true 

Religion  and  Difcipline  in  the  Church. That 

his  Wi(h  above  al!  Things,  was  ai  his  Death  to 
leave,  I.  One  Worfli:p  10  God.  One  Kingdom 
entirely  Governed.     One  Uniformity  in  Laws. 

Lirtly,  Th,u  his  Occafions  wcie  Infinite,  and 
much  beyond  ihole  of  his  Predcccflbrs ;  and  there- 
fore that  in  this  firft  Parliam-nt  We  would  not 
lake  from  him  that  which  We  had  yielded  10 

Others. I  hat  in  his  AfTcdtrons  he  was  no 

way  Inferior  to  others, nor  in  hsDifite  toeafeUs. 

Then  the  Warrant  fora  New  Election  oU  Kru^ht  • 

for  BuciSf  was  Read  and  Allowed  in  this  Form: 

(Vhereas  iht  Right  Hoimrabk  Sir  John  For- 
tefcue.  Knight^  ChamtVor  of  his  Majejiy's  Dutchf 
9f  Lancafter,  and  Sir  Francis  Goodwyn,  K/ugkty 
have  ban  jtveraliy  Elt£itd  and  Retwmd  Knighti  ^f 
the  Shire  far  the  Courtly  of  Bucks,  to  ferve  m  tbii 
prefent  Parliament :  Upan  deliberate  Confultatisn^ 
and  for  fame  Special  Caufes  moving  the  Commons 
Hsufe  of  Parliament :  It  is  th-'s  Day  Ordered  and 
Ri^quired  by  the  Jaid  Houfe,  that  a  fPrit  be  forth- 
with Awarded  for  a  New  Eie£tion  ofatiother  Knight 
for  the  faid  Shire ;  And  thii  fimll  be  your  H^arrant~{z) 

Viac(\tAf     "To  my  tttrj  Loving  Frint/f 
Sir  Goorgie  Coppioi  Kni^ht^  Cltrk  of  the  C/awu  in  Hit  Majffy'i 
High  Courl  t>J  Ciancery, 

To  go  on  with  the  Proceedings  of  the  Lords  in 

1  his  Parliament: According  to  ilie  Credulity  of 

thofe  Times,  a  very  fevere  Bill  was  Iramed  and 


fu)  Notwithftaoding  Sir  Francii  G^iJvoiit  wai  that  remat'd  out 
vf  the  Hnfrt  he  was  Coon  jftcr  clcfted  for  thc'JWcnol  Bbtb'sg* 
lam,  vn  ih«  tJrCMft  ut   'S»  Zd-KU'd  Tcrrcl,  Knt. 

WiUJs')  ifttitieFatiiaantarij, 

A4.  S.  jimn  I. 


Act  reljting    to 

TbeTarliamentary  Histout 

brought  into  that  Houfe,  Againfl  Conjuratlmy 
iyiid}craft^  and  DtoliHg  with  fvil  Spirits.  On  the 
fecond  Reading,  the  Bill  was  referred  to  a  large  Com- 
mittecjin  which  were  included  twelve  Bifliops.  This 
Bill  parted  into  a  Law ;  and  by  it  was  cnafled,  (a) 
'  That  if  any  Pcrfons  fliall  ul'e*  pruflifc,  or  exercife 
any  Invocation  or  Conjuration  of  any  wicked  or  evil 
Spirit  i  or{h.illconmk,covenantwiih,entertain,cm- 
ploy,  or  feed,  any  fuch  Spirit*  i^r.  the  firft  Offence 
to  be  Impriionment  for  a.  Year,  and  ftanding  in  the 
Pillory  once  a  Quarter-,  the  nexc  to  be  Death.* 
This  Law  continued  in  Force  to  our  Days,  when 
it  was  wholly  abrogated  by  a  bie  ^^61  of  Parlia- 
fnent:  The  Great-Grandfons  of  ihefe  fupe;fti- 
tious  Men,  not  having  fo  great  Faith  in  the 
Works  of  the  Devil,  as  their  Anceftorsfi). 

Another  wcU-meaning  Bill  did  not  meet  with 
the  fame  Succcfs;,  which  was.  For  the  better  re- 
preJfiHg  the  dftejfable  Crime  of  Aduhery.  This  Bill 
had  been  comiititled;  but  when  the  Report  came 
So  be  made,  the  Earl  of  Hertford  faid.  That  they 
found  Che  Bill  did  raiher  concern  fome  particular 
Pcrfons  than  the  public  Good;  and  therefore  they 
returned  it  as  they  received  it.  On  which  the  Bill 
was  drop'd,and  we  are  left  at  a  Lofs  to  know  wl:at 
Pun;{hmtnt  was  to  be  affii;ned  to  this  heinous  and  " 
too  common  Offence.  Bui  a  Bill  againil  Drunkards 
and  common  Haunters  of  Alc-Huufe^and  Taverns 
palled  into  a  Law  \  the  Pcnaky  was  ten  Shillings 
cJn  every  Publican  offending  i  und  if  he  fold  the 
heft  Bter  for  more  than  one  Penny  a  Quart,  and 
fmall  Beer  two  Quarts  for  the  fame,  he  forfeited 
twenty  Shillings,  ^c.  {()  By  the  iift  of  J  at.  I, 
C'iP'  Vn.  it  Wii3  made  perpetual. 

On  the   14th  of  April  came  on  an  Affair  of 
much  greater  Moment ;    fur,    on  liiat  Day,   the 
Lord  Chancellor  made  a  Motion,  Thai  as  in  the 
Jting's  Speech,  both  in  the  Beginning  of  the  Par- 

(^t  Am    I,  ^at.  !.  Cap.  XII.  Statute*  at  lirgc, 
ih)    In  the  Reign  of  Kif^S  Cterge  Jl, 

O/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        85? 

liamcot,  and  fince  upon  Refort  of  divers  Lords  An.  t.  Jii««  I. 
and  Commons  to  him  at  Court,    liis  Majefty  had       ***** 
iccommendcd  it  to  them  to  proceed  in  fuch  Mat- 
ters, in  (his  his  firll  Parliament,  as  are  of  grcaleft 
Importance  to  the  Staie;   and  cfpccially  in  that 
Particular  of  an  Umon  between  tlie  Kingdoms  of 
Efighnd  and  Scstiafid.    B'm  LordDiip  moved  thai 
forae  Propofuions  might  be  made  to  the  Lower  a  Conference 
Houfc,    for  a  Conference  Jrbout  ibis  Affair.     ThisP;'*i;j'2'j;J"^5 
Propofal  was  agreed  10  by  both  Houlb,  and  a  very  t^eca  England' ' 
large  Committee  of  Lords  were  :\ppointed,  whoand  Scotland, 
were  to  meet  the  Committee  of  the  Commons, 
ihat  Afternoon, 

What  was  done  at  this  firft  Conference  is  not 
cnter'd  in  the  Journals.  Bur,  we  are  lold  that  on 
the  i6th,  a  MtlHige  was  font  to  the  Lords,  and  de- 
livered by  Mr.  Secretary  Herbert  and  others  of  the 
Commons,  *  That  the  Commiiiee  of  that  Houfe 
had  reported  to  the  rtil  the  Propofitton  made  to 
them  by  the  Lords,  as  from  his  Majefty,  about  the 
Affair  of  an  Unisn.  That  the  whole  Houfe  judg- 
ing this  Matter  lo  be  a  Caufe  of  very  great  Impor- 
tance and  Confcquence;  It  oiight  to  be  proceeded  in 
with  great  Caution  and  Deliberation.  They  there- 
fore thought  it  nccelfary  not  to  proceed  in  the 
Conference,  till  every  of  their  Houfe  had 
coniidered  of  and  delivered  his  Opinion  about  it. 
And,  they  had  appointed  a  Day  to  cnltr  upon  that 
Debate,  till  which  Time  they  defired  their  Lord- 
(hips  to  hold  ihcm  excufed  lor  fartlier  Conference.' 

On  the  jift  of  Jpril  the  Lords  fell  ajrain  upon 
this  Bufincfs  of  Unm ;  when  Uie  Lord  C^rV  pro- 
duced a  Paper  containing  a  Draught,  or  Form,  de- 
Tiled  by  the  King  hiinfelf,  for  the  Accomplifli- 
menr  ot  this  g,r2at  Work.  The  Paper  was  read  to 
ihc  Ho  .fc,  but  nor  offered  as  a  BiJl,  only  as  a  iliort 
Draught  or  Mi^morial,  on  which  a  Bill  might  be 
afterwards  aerced  on.  We  art  !K>t  told  what  the 
Subftance  ef  mis  Propofal  from  the  King  was  i  nor 
do  wc  meet  with  any  m'ln;  about  this  Matter  in 
U?c  Lords  Jsur/iais.  iiil  the  Ul  Dav  of  ih.s Month, 

5©    The  Parliamentary  History 

Ao  »  hmeil  ^*  which  Time  the  Lords  fent  lo  defire  another 
i6a«.-  Conference  with  the  Lower  Houfe,  and  promifed 
them  that  they  wouM  inform  ihemrelves,  by  [he 
Opinion  of  the  Judges,  concerning  the  Name  and 
Appellation  of  Great  BritaiNj  and  acquaint 
their  Commluecs  therewith:  That  Afternoon  being 
appointed  by  both  Houles  for  the  Conference,  in 
the  outward  Ciiamber  of  the  Parliament's  Prcfcnce, 
the  Lords  began  again  to  deliber^ite  on  what  Points 
were  ncceflary  to  proj^fe  at  the  Meeting.  When 
the  Lord  Chiucellor  fiarted  the  following  Particu- 
lars, which  were  agreed   to  by  the  whole  Houfe, 

1.  •  To  acqu:iint  the  Commons  th:\t  the  Judges 

*  had  given  it  as  their  Opinions,  that  the  Name 

*  cannot  he  aitered  now,  wiihout  Prejudice  lo  the 
'  State.  Therefore,  Rebuific  Jiantihui^  ihat  Point 
'  was  at  an  EnJ. 

2.  '  That  the  Lords  did  defire  to  have  mulual 

*  Conference  with  them,  on  the  other  Point  j 
'  which  was,  concerning  the  Commiffion,  accor- 

*  ding  to  his  Majelly's  Propofal. 

3.  '  To  be  moved  unto  them  for  the  Nomioa- 

*  tion  of  Coratniflioners  this  Parliament  to  treat  of 
'  ihofe  Matters. 

4.  *  The  fame  Committea  of  both  Houfes  may 

*  be  feleii^ed  and  appointed  for  the  framing  of  a 

*  Bill  touching  this  great  Affair' 
There  is  no  Account  in  the  Lords  Jcurnah  re- 
lating to  .my  farther  Pioceedings  about  this  Matter, 
except,  thrtt  a  Bill  was  brOui;ht  in  2nri  pnlVed  into  a 
Law,  forappointing  EngUjh  Com.iiiflioncrs  to  treat 
with  a  leled  Number  ot  Scoub  on  this  grand  Con- 
cern between  the  two  Nations.  But  the  "Journals 
of  the  Commons  are  much  more  copious  about  it; 
in  which  Houfe,  the  Affair  was  argued,  proi^tan^ 
for  fi;veral  Days  together.  The  Clerks  have  taken 
Huu5  of  the  Arguments  on  both  Sides,  for  and  a- 
gainft  this  l/jiian  j  which  are  entered  in  the  Pro- 
ceedini|,s  of  that  Houfe.  Several  of  thcfe  arc  fa 
fhort  as  not  to  be  underftood  ;  and  the  whole  Dif- 
pute,  (ince  it  tnded  in  little  or  nothing,  is  ttw  pro- 
iU  and  tedious  for  our  Purpufe.     Wc  ihall  conien( 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         5)1 

ourfdves  with  giving  the  King's  own  Syftem  for  the  ^^  ^  .^^^^  ^ 
Umsn,   notinlcr:cd  in  the  Lords  7fl«ri»j/x ;  and  a     '  I'tio^. 
Copy  of  the  King's  Original  Letter  to  this  Houfe, 
on  this  Affair,  in  its  own  peculiar  Orthography  j 
which  (hews  that  he  fpclt  his  Enghjb  according  to 
ihe  S(6tih  Pronunciation  of  it  at  that  Time. 

7hi  King's  Proposals  for  en  UNION. 

THIS  Propofuion,  which  now  I  make  coiv 
ccrning  the  Union,  h  far  as  now  I  cra- 
ved to  be  aflbnled  unto  at  this  Parliament,  is  qo 
further  but  a  particular  Explanation  of  a  Part  of 
my  Spcccli  I  ufcd  tn  the  whole  Parliament,  about 
the  Matter  of  the  Union;  which  being  twice  re- 
peated by  me  in  ihe  Parliamcnt-Houfe,  and  then 
after  printed,  and  publickly  let  out  lo  the  View 
of  all  the  World,  was  {as  I  am  informed)  fo  well 
accepted  and  applauded  by  all,  a3  I  made  the  Icis 
Doubt  to  make  this  particular  Propofuion  in  •  • 
own  Time  thereafter. 
•  The  Subftance  of  the  Thing,  which  now  I 
crave  to  be  done,  confifteih  only  in  two  Points : 
'  Firft,  That  by  a  Bill,  or  A6t,  framed  in  this 
Parliament,  it  may  be  infufcd  in  all  the  People's 
Hearts,  that,  as  it  is  already  fet  down  in  the  Re- 
cognition of  [My]  juft  Pofleffion  of  the  Crowns 
of  both  the  famous,  antienr,  and  honourable  Na- 
tions of  England  and  Scetlafuly  dwelling  within 
[one]  Iflc,  and  only  compaflcd  by  the  Ocean,  are 
now,  by  the  great  Bicfling  of  God,  and  to  the 
perpetual  Weal  of  both  the  Nations,  [united] 
under  one  Allegiance,  and  loyal  Subjection,  in 
me  and  in  ray  Perfon,  to  my  Perfon  and  my 
Poftericy  forever:  And  that  thereby,  thar which 
accreafcth  to  me  and  mine,  and  to  the  Weal  and 
!  Strength  of  the  Subjcfls  of  both  Countries,  may 
be  rightly  conceived,  and  [cleariy  j  undcrftood,  by 
all  Men. 

«  The  fecond  Point  is,  That  although  it  be  not 
my  Meaning,  neither  a:  [this]  Timj,  nor  never 
hereafter,  10  ah^r  or  innovate  the  fundamental 

•  Jt^aws, 


»-  L^jj'i  *  La\**8,    Privileges,   and  good  Cuftotrls  of   this 
160^"  '  *  Kingdom,  whereby  only  the  King's  t>rincely  Au- 

*  thoriiy  is  cohferved,    and  the  People's  (both  in 

*  general  and  particular}  Security  of  (heir  Lailda, 

*  Living,  and  Privileges,  is  maintained  unto  ihcm ; 
'  yet,  that  it  is  fir  andconvcuicnc.  for  the  nourifti- 

*  ing  and  increafing  of  the  mutual  Ufe  among 
'  [the]  Members,  and  Two  Halfs,  as  it  were,  of 

*  the  Body,  that  all  Sons,  particular,  temporal, 
'  or  tndifferttit.  Manners,  or  Sraiutes  and  [Cuf- 

*  toms]  may  be  agreed  upon,  and  welled  in  one, 

*  as  they  are  all  one  Body,  under  [one]  Head: 

*  And  thLTcfore,  that  Commifll oners  may  be  ap- 
'  pointed  by  the  Pailiament,    authorized  10  confer 

*  and  confult  wiih  fuch  ScatiJ})  Comminioners,  as 

*  (hall  be  felctled  to  mctt  with  them,  for  the  ma- 
'  king  of  the  Frame  to  this  Effcit,  to  be  piopoun- 

*  dcd  10  the  next  two  Purliumenrs  of  Enghtid  and 

*  Scotland i  that  thereby,  .md  b.'  the  happy  Con- 
'  clUfion  iri  the  tWo  next  Parliaments,  not  only  ail 
'  Queltions,  and  unhappy  Rubs,  which  may  here- 

*  after,  at  any  Time>  be  unluckily  caft  iri,  may 
'  then  be  decided,  and  put  to  a  quiet  EnJj  but  all 
'  other  Means  may  alto  then  be  ufed,  for  increafing 
'  the  mutual  [,ove,  quenching  nil  Sparks  of  old 
'  Debates,  and  conforming  them  amnng  themfelvcs 

*  to  that  Uniformity  of  Manners  and  Cuftoms, 
'  which  God,  by  his  Providence,  in  apparent  Sight 
'  of  all  the  World,  hath  begim,  and  by  the  finifh- 

*  ing  whereof,  the  true  Meaning  of  that  Acknovf- 

*  Icdgment  in  my  Recognition  may  be  performed 

*  and  accomplifhed. 

*  As  for  the  Bill,  which  to  this  EfFeft  I  did 
<  frame,  it  wuuld  never  have  proceeded  ol"  me,  to 

*  have  lb  far  ovcrweened  myfelf  of  ihe  Laws  and 

*  Cuftoms  here,   as  to  have  ftraightly  ihcrt-by  pre- 

*  fcribcd   to   the  Parlijmeiit,    what  Words  they 

*  fliould  prccifcly  ufe  in  th.u  Purpofc;    but  being 

*  huinbiy  rtq  elled  by  Fr/ific'ts  Boim  (then  Mouth 

*  of  that  Pirt  of  ihe  Houfc,  which  came  to  me) 

*  that,  for  the  Supply  rif  his  Memory,  I  would 

*  Jhoitly  kK  down  the  Subftatic«  of  that  Part  of 

*  xn/ 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.    ^^ 

'  my  Speech,  ihen  publicWy  uttered  to  ibe  Lower  An. ».  jtmA  ] 
Hotife,  I  was  contented  lo  indift  it  ro  him  as  it       1604, 

■  h.ith  been  often  read  in  your  o|/en  Audience: 
But  1  am  fo  far  iVom  beinj;  wedded  to  any 
Opinions  of  mine,  in  the  Form  thiTeof,  as 
whaiicever  Wards  miy  be  found,  by  the  Parlia- 
ment, by  their  Committees,  or  the  Jud^  of 
the  Land  (whole  Opinions  I  will  ever  reverence 
and  honour  in  their  own  Elements)  which  arc 

'  contained  wiihin  my  laft  Project,  which  maybe 
found  to  be  contrary  or  derogatory  to  the  Provi- 

'  foes  or  Explanations  of  my  Meaniiig  therein  fet 
down,  I  am  heartily  wel!  contented,  that,  by 
the  Advice  of  the  fame  Judges,  they  may  be 
cleared,  guarded  by  Cauiiuns,  changed,  innovat- 
ed, or  utterly  fcraped  out,  as  may  beft  agree  with 
the  Subllancc  of  my  Meaning,  and  efchew  any 
inherent  Contratiiciion,  which  may  be  leaft  lurk- 
ing wiihin  the  faid  Bill,  or  A<lt  of  Parliament  to 
be  made:  And  elpcciully,  hecauTe  I  hear  greateft 
Doubts  and  Qucilions  of  Law  made,  that  the 
r.Qumtngthe  Word  and  Title  of  firatatiy^  by  Adt 
of  Parliament,  before  the  Accompli (liment  of 
thefe  Particulars,  may  imply  any  Iccret  or  [tacit] 
Derogation  lo  the  reft  of  the  p.irticular  Conditi- 
ons included  in  [the]  fame  Bill ;  although  my  in- 
ferting  of  the  jwrtiailar  Name  now,  was  only 
for  the  better  Furtherance  of  ihc  Grounds, 
which  are  before  rehearfed  ;  yet  am  I  fo  far  from 
allowing  or  permitting  any  tacit  Contradiction, 
orObfcurily,  in  that  Matter,  which  1  by  [allj 
Means  prcis  to  have  fo  clear  and  c^'ident,  aa  I 
will  not  only,  [(]  the  Truth  be  upon  ihat  Side, 
be  content  cf  the  Omiflion  of  [tht]  K.ime,  for 
this  Time,  but  think,  and  ever  efteem,  tliat  I 
have  great  Caufe  to  thank  and  account  well  of 
the  learned  Judges,  and  other  wile  Men  whofo- 

L«ver,  thai  by  thefe  Means  will  prelerve  me  from 

pbeing  the  Caufe  for  m;iking  an  implicit  Contra- 
didion  to  mme  own  Meaning  to  be  contained 
within  M^  own  Law  i  which  could  not  be  wil- 
lingly done  by  mc,  without  Spot  lo  my  Honour, 

*  pre- 

94  V  'Jbe  parliamentary  Histqrt 

Aa.2.  Jameii."  pretending  one  thing,   and  purpofing  another! 

J604.       «  and  to  the  ^reat  Harm  of  the  Subjedb  of  both 

*  the  Realms :    But  this  to  be  fo  underftood,  that 

*  if,  on  the  other  Side,  [there]  be  but  Doubts,  caft 

*  in  by  the  curious  Carping  of  fome,  wrefting  and 

*  mifinterpreling  the  Law  againft  the  true  Meaning 

*  [thereof];    that  then,  and  in  that  Cafe,  as  I  am 

*  bound  in  Honour  *  *  to  my  formerly  fet-down 
'               <  Words,  fo  all  my  good  and  loyal  Subjefts,   of 

*  both  the  Houfes,   will  concur  in  aflifting  me, 

*  [not]  to  be  over- ruled  by  Wilfulnefs,  where  I 
'  cannot  be  convinced  by  Reafon.* 

A  Letter  from  his  Majefty  to  the  Houfe,  in  the 
Matter  of  the  Union^  written  with  his  own 
Hand,  delivered  by  Sir  Rager  Afton  to  Mr. 
Speaker,  read  publickly  at  the  Board  by  Sir  7^, 
iMke^  ftanding  by  the  Clerk,  as  one  beft  ac- 
quainted with  the  King's  Hand  and  Phrafe. 
The  Letter  followeth  in  thefe  Words  ^d) : 

rE  fee,  u'lth  quhat  Cleernes  and  Sinceritie  Ihavt 
behaved  mtfelf  in  this  Earande,  evtn  throuch 
all  the  Progrejje  thdinf,  thoch,  I  will  not  faye,  too ' 
iittel  regairdit  by  you,  but  I  may  juflHe  faye,  not  J9 
ttillinglie  embraced  by  you^  as  thellorthinei  of  the  Mait- 
ter  doth  uell  deferve,  I  protejie  to  God^  the  Frui£ies 
theirof  a'tU  chieflie  tende  to  youre  owen  Uell,  Pre^e- 
fitie,  and  Increafe  of  Strenth  and  Greatnes :  No- 
thing can  flaye  you  from  harkemng  unto  it,  but  Ja* 
hupe  and  ■Dijlrujle,  ather  of  me  the  Prepounder,  or 
ef  the  Matter  by  me  propsunditt:  If  of  me^  then 
dee  ye  both  me  and  yowe  felfis  an  infinite  Uronge,  my 
Conference  bearing  me  Rccorde,  that  I  ev.r  deferved 
the  contrarie  at  youre  flandis ;  but  if  youre  Dijlrujfe 
be  of  the  Maitter  itfelf  then  diJlrujJe  ye  nothing  but 
youre  owin  Vifdomei  or  Hone/iies :  For  as  I  have  ge- 
vin  aver  urangling  upon  XJordis  uith  yoUy  fa  crave  t 
no  Canclufion  to  be  taken  at  this  Tyme  heirin,  but  on- 

{d)  The  onginal  letter  is  here  inTerted,  in  the  King's  Haiu), 
bat  without  his  Sign  Maniul ;  ind  is  thus  endorfcd ;  "  Ktx,  His 
**  Mijefly's  Letter  to  the  Commoni  Houfe  of  Parlismeot,  touohv 
**  iag  the  Jitfstter  of  C/a/ew,  i"  JJftfrV,  1604-" 

Nfts  in  tbi  printedi  Jnfmht 

Of  E  NG  L  A  N  D,      pj 

(y  a  Csmmijjion^  that  it  mayi  bt  difputid^  ($njiddmd  f^„^ ,,  j,^,  f" 
upefiy   and  reprtid  unto  you;    and  then  uiu  ye  be        1604. 
ymre  owin  Coakes,  to  dnjle  it  as  ye  Hjie ;  So  that  {as 
I  have  aUreiddie  /aid)  fime  the  Condujion  tha'trof 
can  never  be  uiibmt  yeure  cwin  Jjjeintts  j    if  ye  bt 
zrnu  to  youre  filfiSy  no  Man  can  deteavt  ym  in  if. 
Let  not  youre  /e^s  thairfore  be  tranjported  with  the 
Curio/uie  of  a  Jew  giddie  Headis ;  fir  it  is  in  you 
nou  to  make  the  Choice^  at  her,  (^yielding  to  thePrO' 
videme  of  God-,  and  embracing  that,  quhiche  he  hath 
eaffin' in  youte  A-euthu,  to  prccure  the  Profperitie 
and  Imreafe  &f  Greatnes  to  me  and  myne^  you  and 
youres ;    and^  ly  the  auaye-taking  of  that  Partition- 
uaff,  ^uhiihe  aflreaddiey  by  Goddii  Prcvidente,  in  my 
Bfoode  is  rent  afunder^   to  ejiablijbe  my  7hrone,   and 
yourt  Boddie  pclitiiey  in  a  petpetuall  and  fi&orijbing 
Peace ;  w  eliis,  imtemning  Godd.s  Htnefites^  fs  free, 
fy  ofred  unto  us,  to  fpitte  and  blafpheme  in  his  Face, 
ly  praeferring  XJarre  to  Peace,  Trouble  to  ^uyetnet. 
Hatred  to  Leve^  Ueaknes  to  Gre/tnes,  and  Divifton 
to  Union  \    to  fence  the  Scidis  of  Difcorde  to  all  eure 
Pojleriiies ;   to  drjh'.naure  ymre  Kir.g ;   to  make  both 
me  and  you  a  Proverbe  of  Re^rocke  in  the  Afouthis  of 
all  Straingfris,   and  all  Eanemies  to  this  Nation, 
and  Envyars  of  my  Greatnes ;    and  sure  next  La- 
hore to  be,  to  take  up  new  Guarifons  for  the  Bor- 
douris,  and  to  make  new  Fortifications  thaire.     Sed 
nieliora  ipero.     /  hottpe,  that  God,  in  this  Cheicey 
and  free  Uill  of  youris,  uiU  not  fuffer  you,  utth  oUe 
Ada  me,  to  choje  the  worfie,  end  fo  to  procure  the 
defacing  of  this  earthlie  Paradife ;  but,  by  the  contra- 
rie,  that  he  Jhall  infpyre  you  fo,  as,  uith  the  feande 
Adame,  ye  Jhall  product  Peace  \  and  fo  beutifie  this 
oure  earthlie  Kingdome  heereuith,  as  it  may  reprefente^ 
end  be  an  Arles-pennie  unto  us,    of  that  eeternal 
peace  in  thai  fpiriiual!  JGngdome^    quhiche  is  pra- 
pared  for  the  perpetuall  Rejidence  of  ail  his  ehofen 

Notwithftandiiig  thcfc  Remonftrances  from  the 
King,  this  Affair  went  on  but  he:ivily  in  both  Hou- 
fes  i  nor  was  there  any  fceming  Likelihood  ol'  an 
Union  between  the  two  Kingdom!  to  be  confirmed 


p6    The  Tarliamentary  History 

Aq.  !•  Jamei  I. 

thU  Seflion.  They  had  been  almolt,  at  a  coiuinucd 
War  together,  ever  fince  the  Time  that  the  Romatjs 
invaded  and  took  Pofleffion  of  the  Southern  Pari  of 
this  Ifland.  It  was  carried  on  by  Intervals,  after 
the  Saxons  came,  and  our  H'lftories  are  too  full  fince 
the  Norman  Conqueft,  of  many  direful  deftruftive 
Battles  fought  between  ihefe  evil  Neighboun.  Now 
was  the  Time  to  put  j  final  End  to  ihefe  inieftine 
Warsi  and,  by  bting  one  Nation,  v.ith  an  undi- 
vided Intereil,  :o  be  a  Match  for  all  the  World 
befide.  But  though  ihisPnrliameni,  at  the  King's 
Dcfire,  went  upon  the  Aftair  and  brought  ii  to 
fome  Forwardnefs,  yet  i[  is  eafy  to  fee  th;it  the 
Matter  was  treated  very  coaly  throughout  thisScf- 
iionj  and,  in  ihc  End,  it  was  lett  to  CommifTion- 
ers,  to  manage  it  by  themJelves. 

The  At\  for  appointing  thefe  CommiOioners  13 
Ett&iiih  Commif- not  printed  in   the   public  Statutes  j  and  we  arc 

[rjSt''w-t"Jhl*^^'^S^'^  '"  ^^'  '^'i/^«»  '^^  Author  of  this  King's 
&DSr«htingEo  I-ifc,  for  ihe  Eri^LjJb  Com miflioneis  Names,  and 
iheUnioncF  r!ie  fome  Account  of  thciT  Fower  in  concluding  the 
tw&KinBiomi.  BuHners.  The  Commif]Joners  for  E^^ghwd  were 
the  LordChanci-'lIor /T/Zf/'w^r^,  ihc  Eurls  oi Dor/ftj 
Nottingham,  Sjuthompton,  Ptmlroh  and  Nor- 
thampton ;  the  Bifhops  of  Lotitiofi,  Durham  and 
i)t.  Daviil's  i  the  Lords  Cf»;/,  Z^uiht  M^nteagle^ 
Eure  and  Sb-efficld^  cjf  the  Higher  Houfc.  For  the 
Comninns  were  Thma^  Lnrd  CUntan^  Robert  Lord 
Bufkhurji^  i>'\r  Fravin  Hijlingi^  '&\t  Jshn  Stunhope^ 
Sir  Jahti  Herhtrty  Sir  Gwge  CfJrry;,  Sir  Thomas 
Stridhnd,  Sir  Edivard  Stafford^  Sir  Hen^  Nevile 
of  Berkjhhe^  Sir  Richard  Bmkley^  Sir  Henry  Bil- 
hugfity.  Sir  Daniel  Dun^  Sir  Edward  Hobby,  Sir 
jfo/jti  Savi.'e,  Sir  H/^btrt  IVroih^  Sir  Thct^ai  Cha-^  S:r  Robert  Mativfel,  Sir  H^omas  Ridgnvay, 
Sir  Thcma^  Hokroft^  Sii  Thmas  HeJIceth^  Sir  Fia»(ii 
Batofiy  Sir  Lawsnce  %2nfield^  Sir  Henry  Hoharty 
Sir  Henry  Wiibngten^  S.r  Ra}ph  Gray,  Sir  T/.-omm 
Lake,  Kni^hs;  J  bn  Ben/.^ty.L.h  D.  Robert 
Aikw'th,  7hmas  Jama  and  Henry  Cbcpman, 
Ciiiaensand  Merchants.  Thefe,  or  any  eight  of 
Ihc  laid  Lcrds,  and  twenty  of  the  faid  Commons^ 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      ^7 

{hall   have  Power  to  aflemble,  meet,    rreat  and*°'**  J"°"^ 

confuii,  with  certain  felefl  Commifiioners,  to  be 
named  and  authorlfed  by  the  Parliament  of  Sict- 
iand^  Concerning  Ajch  Matters,  Caufes  and  Things, 
as  ihe)^,  in  iheir  WilOoms,  Dial!  deem  convenient 
and  ncceflluy  for  the  Honour  of  the  King,  and 
common  Good  of  both  Kingdoms. 

Notwithftanding  ihis  grand  /fpparatm  was  made 
to  plejfe  the  King  ai  this  Time,  yet  it  all  came  to 
Nothing.  The  Commifiioners  on  both  Sides  no 
Tooner  met,  than  they  found  ihc  Matter  imprafti- 
cablc.  The  Scotch,  tho*  we  had  taken  their  Kjng, 
yet  abfolulely  refuled  to  be  governed  by  any  of  our 
Laws;  and,  iho'  there  were  fome  more  Attempts 
made  for  this  Union,  in  this  and  fuccecding  Reigns, 
yet  they  all  proved  abortive  ;  till  this  griind  Affair 
was,  at  la  ft,  compleattrd  in  our  own  Times:  But 
whether  to  the  gcnenl  Saiisfacftion  of  both  Nations, 
is  a  Queftion  of  another  Stamp. 

There  was  an  Atiempt  made  alfo,  this  Sefiion, 
for  another  Union,  of  a  different  Nature,  at  Home ; 
and  that  w^s  to  bting  ;ibout  a  Reconciliation,  in 
Ecclefiaftical  Affairs,  between  thole  of  the  Eftn' 
blijhid  Churth  and  the  Prctejldnt  Dijfentsri.  It 
may  be  obferved  that  many  Atcen)pts  were  made, 
throughout  the  whole  Courfc  of  the  laft  Reign, 
for  a  farther  Reformation  in  Church  Matters;  and, 
had  not  the  Queen  ftood  firmly  by  her  Billiops, 
iheir  Hierarchy,  would  then  have  been  in  all  Proba- 
bility, overthrown.  In  this  Reign,  the  King  en- 
deavoured ro  put  Things  on  a  better  Footing  be- 
tween Ihemi  the  Lords  Jourmh  take  Notice  that 
April  1 8th,  Mr.  Secretdty  Herbtrt  brought  aMef- 
fage  to  the  Lords,  from  the  Lower  Houfe,  to  this 

•  That  whereas  their  Speaker  had  fignified  to 
the  whole  Houfe  his  Majefty's  Pleafure  that  a 
Conference  fhould  be  had,  with  certain  of  the 
Lords  the  BiOiops,  concerning  a  Reformation  of 
certain  Matters  and  Rights  of  the  Church,  of 
which  fome  Complaints  had  been  made;  and  for 
a  better  Corrcl'pondcnce  to  be  held  betwixt  the 

Vol.  V.  G  Clergy 



A  Conference 
appointed  forR 


5)8     TheTarllamentary  Histort 

Ao,  I.  Junes  1.  Clergy  and  Laity  for  (he  future  :  The  Commons 
'^  +■  Were  willing  to  have  fuch  a  Conference  with  fomc 
feledt  Number  of  the  Bifhops;  but  io,  to  confer 
with  ihetn  as  Lords  of  the  Higher  Houfe  of  Par- 
liament, and  not  in  fuch  Condition  and  Qualirv  as 
they  arc  of  the  Convoccition  Houfc'  To  which 
MefTage  the  Lords  faid  ihey  wculd  return  an  An- 
fwer  the  next  Day»  or»  as  loon  as  they  conve- 
niently might. 

The  next  Day  an  Anfwer  was  returned  by  the 
Lords,  that  ihey  approved  of  a  Conference,  and 
foi'mjtion  of  Ec- had  nominated  Thirty,  or  thereabouts,  of  their 
cWiailictI  Mk- Houfe,  a  CommiUee  for  that  Purpofe.  This 
Committee  confifted  of  all  jhe  great  Minifters  of 
St,iTe,  leven  Earls,  eleven  Batons,  and  fourteen 
Bifhops.  The  Commons  appointed  Sixty  of  their 
Houle  to  attend  the  Lords;  but  the  Kirsg  rightly 
judg'ne:  that  this  great  Number  from  both  Houfes, 
would  rather  perplex  than  conciliate  the  Confe- 
rence, feni  a  Medage  todefire  them  to  conftitute 
Sub- Committees  to  treat  about  thefc  Church  Af- 
fairs. On  which  the  Lords  named  only  Nine  of 
ihc  former  Number,  and  the  Commons  Twenty; 
which  were  to  meet,  on  the  21ft  of  May,  in  the 
'Council  Chamber  of  the  Court,  to  feuie  this 

The  Lordi  Jmrttah  leave  us  Ihort  as  to  what 
was  done,  or  agreed  on,  at  this  Conference  between 
the  two  Houfes ;  but  thofe  of  the  Cmmsni  give 
us  certain  Articles  or  Inftrut^ions,  on  which  their 
Committee  was  to  treat  with  that  of  the  other 
Houfe.     The  Articles  were  as  follow; 



The  Arriclrt  to 

I.  hiprimii.  TIHAT  the  Articles  only  con- 
X  cerntnp^the  Dodtrineof  Faith, 
and  of  the  Sacraments,  whereunto  the  Minlftcrs 
ought  to  fubfcribe,  by  the  Statute  of  the  r3th 
Year  of  the  Reign  of  the  late  Queen  Eiizabsthf 
may  be  explained,  perfefted,  and  eftabliQied  by 
Parlnuneni ;  and  that  no  contrary  Doctrine  may 
be  taught  within  Ihis  Realm  j  and  that  all  Maf- 

*  tcrs 

0/    ENGLAND.      5)5. 

*  ters  of  Houfljold  may  be  compelled  to  iubicribeAa.  i.  jtaM-^; 

*  unto  the  fame  Articles,  as  well  as  the  Minifters-       i6o4y_<>^    ^=, 
1.  *'Itemt  That  from  henceforth  none  other  be  hj    ^   'JN 

*  admitted  to  be  Minillers  of  the  Word  and  Sa-  j  -l  -  -  •  'J: 

*  craments,  than  fuch  as  are,  at  the  Time  of  their  \p   ■>  ^  .  'j 

*  Admittance,  Bachlers  of  Art,    or  of  an  higher  \  s-.  '•  ^  '■  4. 

*  Degree  in  Schools;  having  Teftimony  from  the  \'^,   '     ^ 
'  Univeriity,  or  College,  whereof  he  was,  of  his  \^--s 

*  Ability  to  preach,  and  of  his  good  Life ;  or  clfe  ^'.'-^ 
'  fuch,  as  are  approved,  and  allowed  tu  be  fufii- 

*  cient  to  preach,  and  inftrufl  the  People,  and  to 
'  be  of  good  Life,  by  fome  Teflimonial  of  Six 
'  Preachers  of  the  County*  where  the  Party  dwel- 
'  leth. 

J.  *  ///OT,  That  from  henceforth  no  Difpenfa-  ' 

*  tion  or  Toleration  fhall  be  allowed  to  any,  to 
'  have  or  retain  Two,   or  more  Benefices,  with 

*  Cure  of  Souls,  or  to  be  non-relidenl ;  and  that 

*  fuch  as  now  have  double  Benefices,  or  be  non- 
'  refident,  {hall  give  fufficient  Allowance  yearly  to 

*  maintain  a  Preacher  in  their  Abfedce  -,  and  that, 
'  for  this  Purpofe,  the  Incumbent  fhall  be  allotted 
'  to  make  his  Refidency  in  one  of  his  Parfonages, 

*  to  the  Intent,  that  in  the  other  Church  a  cer- 
<  tain  and  conftant  Minifler  may  be  maintained 

*  and  kept. 

4.  •  Alfo  it  is  thought  meet,  where  the  Living 

*  of  the  Vicar,    or  Curate,    is  under   Twenty 

*  Pounds  by  the  Year,  that,  for  the  better  Main-* 

*  tenance  of  the  Vicar,  or  Curate  (being  a  Preach- 

*  cr)  there  may  be  fome  Increafe  made  of  hia 

*  Living,  as  fhall  be  thought  convenient. 

■  5.  '  Alfo  it  is  humbly  defired,  that  the  Lords 
'  would  confer  with  us,  touching  a  Petition  to  be 
'  preferred  to  theKinjii's  M;jefty,thal,  by  his  gra- 

*  dous  Favour,  fuch  Order  be  taken,  that  no  Mi- 
'  nifler  be  forced  to  fubfcribe,   otherwife  than  to 

*  the  Articles  concerning  only  the  Doilrine  of 
'  Faith  and  Sacraments,  whereunto  by  the  faid 

*  Statute,  made  in  the  1 3th  Year  of  the  Reign  of 

*  the  late  Qj^een  Elizabeth,  they  are  appointed  to 

*  fubfcribe. 

G  2  6.  «A1- 

An.  1.  Jamci  I. 

A    Pttitiofi    for 
IMrpenJjnj    uith 

tcts  iniiiTattnt. 

6.  '  Alfo  to  confer  with  the  Lords,  that  iiich 
fetthful  Miniftcrs,  as  dutifully  carry  themfelves 
in  their  Funflions  and  Callings,  teaching  the 
People  diligenily,  may  not  be  deprived,  fulpend-. 
ed,  filenced,  or  imprifoned,  for  not  ufing  of  the 
Crois  in  Baptifm*  or  the  Surplice,  which  turn- 
eih  to  the  Puniniment  of  the  People. 
*  Touching  Ecclefialtical  Courts,  there  is  a  Bill 
drawn  by  the  Committees,  ready  to  be  preferred 
to  the  Houfe.' 

In  ihe  Commons 7tfjvr«(;/j,  we  find,  Thztjufit 
i^ih^lvFrnndi  Huflifigs  made  a  Report  lotheHoufej 
of  what  their  Sub- Commit  tee  had  done,  who  were 
appointed  ro  fearch  Precedents,  touching  inter- 
meddling wiih  Ecclefiailical  Matters.  Several  Pre- 
cedents and  Laws  were  produced;  As,  alfo,  the 
Form  of  a  Petition  for  a  Difpenfation,  with  fofne 
Minifler$,  in  Mata-rs  indifferent,  £?V.  which  Peti- 
tion follows  in  ihel'e  Words : 

To  the  King*s  moft  excellent  Majefly. 
Moft  dread  Sovereign : 

*  TT^ORASMUCH  asycur  Majeftvt  oulof  your 
'  JL  princely  Favour,  hath  vouchiai'ed  to  fig- 
'  nify  your  [gracious  Pleafure,  that  we  fliould  enter 

*  into  Confultation  of  Things  that  concern  the 
'  Eftabiifbmcnt  of  t:ue  Religion  in  this  Land, 
'  thereby,  as  by  many  other  ways^  making  evident 

*  Demonftratiun  of  your  Majefty's  mttft  religious 
'  Aftedtion  and  princely  Wii'dom  in  the  Dircflion 

*  of  Thefe  dufes;  we  have  thought  it  expedient, 
'  rather,  by  this  our  humble  Petition,    to  recom- 

*  mend  to  your  Maiefty's  '^cidly  Ccnfitferaiion  ccr- 

*  tain  Matters  of  Grievance,  refting  in  your  roy- 

*  al  Power  atid  princely  Ztal  either  to  abrogate 
'  Of  morieraie,  than  to  t«ke  the  public  dilcuffingof 

*  '*he  fame  unto  ourfclves ;  to  the  End  (if  it  fo  Hem 

*  good  to  yuur  HighnefsJ  wp  may,  from  the  facred 

*  Fountain  of  your  Majclly's  mofl  royal  and  reli- 
'  gious  Heart,   wholly  and  only  derive  fuch  con- 

'  venient 




Oy    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      loi 

Fcniem  Remedy  and  Relief  therein,    as  to  your^"'*'^"^* 
princely  WiCdom  fhall  feem  moft  meet.  '^ 

'  The  Matiers  of  Giievdnce  frhat  we  be  not 

'  troublefome  to  your  Majcflyj  are  ihcfe:  The 
prcfling  the  Vie  of  certain  Rites  and  Ceremonies 
in  this  Church  i  as  the  Crofs  In  Baptifm,  the 
wearing  of  iheSurpHce  in  ordinary  Parifh  Church- 
es, and  the  Suhfcription  required  of  the  Mini- 
fters,  further  than  Is  tommanded  by  the  Laws  of 
the  Realm  ;  Things,  which,  by  long  Experience, 
have  been  found  to  be  the  Occafions  of  fuch  Dif- 
ference, Trouble,  andCanieniionin  ibis  Church, 
as  thereby  divers  profitable  and  pamful  Minifterj, 
not  in  Contempt  of  Authority,  or  Defirc  of 
Novelty,  as  they  fmcercly  profefs,  and  we  are 
verily  perfuadcd,  but,  upon  Confcience  towards 
God,  refufing  the  fhme,  fome  of  good  Defert 
have  been  deprived,  others  of  good  Expesflation 
with-held  from  entering  into  the  Miniftry,  and 
Way  given  to  the  ignorant,  and  unable  Men,  to 
the  great  Prejudice  of  the  free  Cnurfe  and  fruitful 
Succcfeof  the  Gofpel,  to  the  dangerous  Advan- 
tage of  the  common  Advcrfaries  of  true  Religi- 
on, and  to  the  great  Grief  and  Difcomforl  of 
many  of  your  Majefty's  moft  faithful  and  loyal 

-Sobjedls.  -  In  tender  Compaffion  whereof,  may 
it  pleafe  your  excellent  Majcrty,  of  your  Zeal 
towards  tlie  Gofpel,  to  vouch fafe  fome  gracious, 
princely,  and  favourable  Confidcration  of  the 
Burden  of  thefe  Grievances,  under  which  this 
Church  hath  of  long  Time  groaned;  in  doing 
whereof,  we  are  verily  perfuaded,  your  Majefty 
fhall  much  more  eafily  accomplifti  your  religious 
Intendments;  the  one  of  fettling  the  Peace  of 
[his  Church,  the  uiher  of  planting  a  learned  and 
faithful  Miniftry  through  tiiis  Realm  i  alfo  your 
Majefty  {hall  greatly  comfoii  the  Hearts  of  many 
grave  and  learned  Miniftcrs,  give  much  Content- 
ment  lo  your  Highnefs's  moft  loving  Subjetls, 
purchafe  to  your  loyal  Perfon  great  Incrcafc  of 
Honour,  and  gain  to  Almighty  God  his  moft 
due  and  dcfcrved  Glory;  Who  ever  keep  your 
G  3  '  lacred 


»•  Juneil. 

The  Tarlsamentary  Histort 

facred  Majefty  under  the  Wings  of  his  moft  migh- 
ty and  blefled  Proteftion.' 
Mercurii,  i-^Juniit   1604. 

This  Petition  was  much  oppofed  by  fcveral 
Members,  and  defended  by  others;  but,  in  the 
End,  it  was  drop'd,  as  we  fuppofe,  for  we  hear  no 
more  of  it.  What  the  Refult  of  all  thefe  Con- 
ferences produced,  is  uncertain  ;  but  it  is  probable 
they  laid  the  Ground-work  of  four  Adls  which 
pafled  this  Scflion  i  the  Titles  of  which  are  given 
in  the  Catalogue  of  the  Afts  in  tlie  Lords  Jour- 
nah-i  but  are  none  of  them,  except  the  firfl,  men- 
tioned in  the  printed  Statutes.  The  Titles  will 
conclude  all  wc  fhall  f^y  of  this  Matter. 

1.  An  Afl  for  avoiding  MuUii?Iiciry  of  Leafcs, 
made  by  Archbiihops  and  Bftiops,  of  fuch  Lands 
and  PoUeffions  as  belong  to  their  fevers]  Sees  {e), 

Afe  rtUrinit  to  ^^  ^^^  ^^  ^^^  Crown  ilfelf  was  difablcd  from  rc- 
thcacrgr.  ceiving  any  Conveyances  of  Archbfhops  and  Bi- 
shops Eftates.  Thus,  fays  an  Author,  thofe  of 
the  Clergy,  who  wanted  either  Honefty  or  Cou- 
rage, were  difabltd  from  impoverllhing  the  Church. 
And  thus,  the  King  ftop'd  the  Iflue  of  Sacrilege, 
and  delivered  himfelf  from  the  Importunity  of  the 
Courtiers  (/). 

2.  An  Aiffc  againft  fcandalous  and  unworthy  Mi- 

3.  An  Aifl  for  disburihenlng  of  Clergymen  of 
all  fuch  Affairs,  as  may  hinder  them  in  their  divine 
Callings  and  Cures, 

4.  An  Ai5l  for  the  better  Difcovery  and  Sup- 
preUiiig  of  Simony,  and  other  corrupt  Procuring 
of  EccleUaflical  Dfgnitie^,  Titles,  Jurifdidtions, 
Offices,  Pl.fces,  and  Promotions. 

May  zgih.  Sir  E^tvjft  Samiyi  and  others  were 
fent  from  the  Lower  Ho'ife  to  the  Lords,  and  de- 
livered a  MclV-^e  from  ilie  Commons  to  this  Ef- 
fc£l:  *  Tiiat  whereas  a  Moiion  had  been  made  hy 


(t)  Statuta  at  hrgg,    1.  Jac,  I.  Cap.  HI.  but  the  Title  ii 
iDinn^ht:  diAvrcnt 

(fi  CvHitr't  Ectl.  Uijl.  Vol.  IX,  p.  686, 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 

that  Houfe,  in  the  Beginning  of  this  Pariiameni,  An.  x  Jaaeil. 
for  a  Conference  with  their  Lordfhips  about  ihe         J604. 
Bufmers  of  IPdrdi-y  which  receiv'd  Tome  Impcdi- 
meni  in  ihe  Procetdint^,   at  that  Time,  by  reafon 
of  other  Biifinefs:    'I'hey  were  now  defiroiis  to 
make  Petition  to  ihe  King,   in  which  they  (leliredcpnfp„„c,i<5nt 
their  Lordfhips  Concutrerce,  that  he  will  be  plea-w»rtii,  Refpitc 
fed  togivelhera  Audience  concerning  that  Matter  j"*^"*^"!!*-  ?/" 
and  to  make  tome  Propofal  to  his  M-iielty  of  an  ^c. 
Offer  in  Lieu  of  the  I^iid  Ward(hips.     And,  where- 
as at  the  f^me  Time,    iheir  Lordfhips  moved  to 
have  Conference  concerning  Refpite  of  Homage^ 
which  they  thought  proceeded  from  the  Lords  out 
of  Favour,  and  good  Rcfpcft  tow;ird5 1'  cm  ;  they 
dcfircd  alio,    to  addrels  the  King  to  give  them 
a  Hearing,  not  only  of  this  M  iiter,   but  of  the 
other  Branches  growing    from   the   fame   Root; 
fucb  as  Tenures  is  Caputs  Licence  of  Alsnatim^ 
Premier  i-'eizinst   and  fuch   Hke;    conceining  all 
■which  Particulsra  they  did  hope  to  mike  it  appear 
to  his  Majcfty,  by  the  Courle  they  meant  to  pro- 
pound to  him,  that  he  fhould  not  receive  Lofs  or 
Prejudice,  but  rather  Convenience  and  Advantage.* 
To  which  Meflage  the  Lords  took  Time  to  return 
an  Anfwer  to  the  21ft.     On  which  Day, 

On  a  Motion  of  the  Lord  Chancellor,  an  An- 
fwer was  returned  10  the  Commons,  '  That  their 
LordQiips  had  made  Choice  of  Thirty  of  their 
Houfe,  for  a  Conference  j  and  that  they  defire  the 
Commons  to  appoint  a  competent  Number  of  their 
Body  ta  meet  them.  Alfo,  that  their  Committee 
(hould  come  fufficiently  prepared  and  authojized  to 
deliver  and  make  known  to  chcm  the  Grounds  and 
Rcafons,  which  they  defign  to  propofe  to  his  Ma- 
jefty  concerning  thefe  Particulars.' 

What  was  done  or  laid  ai  this  Conference,  Is 
not  handed  down  to  us ;  but,  a  remarkable  Entry 
is  made  in  the  Jaurna!  of  the  Lords  for  that  Day, 
<zi  Ihefe  Words: 

26'  Maii  presdiif. 
'  Report  mad:;  by  the  Lord  Chancellor  of  that 
*  which  paRtrf  in  the  Conference  with  the  Lower 

•  Houfci 


to4    Th^  Varliameniary  HisTory 

iUs.  jtmesf, '  Houlfe,   concernmg  tb*  Mattel*  of  Wards  ivA 
1604,      ' '  Rcfpite  of  Homage ;    and  a  Repetition  thereof, 
'  alfo,  by  the  Lord  Ctt'iL    The  Conclulion  where- 

<  of  was.  That  the  Lords  did,  by  Way  of  Ad- 
'  vice,  move  and  wifli  them  to  forbear  any  further 

<  Dealing  therein,  or  to  offer  any  further  Petition 
•  for  it  to  the  King;  both,  for  diveraCot^^^de^a- 
*  tiom,  in  the  Matter  lifelf;  and  in  refpeft  of  this 
'  Time  of  his  Majelty's  firft  Parliament,  which 
'  they  thought  to  be  inconvenient  and  unfeafo- 

<  nable  for  it.* 
Thus  thb  Bufinefs  drop'd  for  this  Time.    And 

■wc  have  been  more  paruVahr  in  the  Recital  of 
ihe  Proceedings  m  it  frem  the  Journals  \  be::aure 
it  is  tlie  firft  Stroke  that  we  find  made  by  the  Com- 
mons at  thcfe  antiem  Prerogatives  of  the  Crown. 

On  the  14th  of  Jufte,  was  fent  up  by  the  Com- 
mons a  Bill  foi2iSuf}/Jdy  of  Tonnage  anH  Poundage, 
It  was  read  a  fecond  Time  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords, 
on  the  18th,  when  the  Lord  Treafbrer  ftccd  up 
Afl  for  Tonnage  and  acqUriintcd  the  Lords,  '  That  having  perufed 
>fld  i-flund-Kc.  ^^j  confidered  of  the  faid  Eiil,  he  found  fome  O- 
mifTion,  or  Imperfection  in  the  fame,  proper  to  be 
reformed  for  his  Majefty's  Benefit  and  Service. 
He  therefore  moved  that  a  Conference  might  be 
had  with  the  other  Houfe  about  it.'  This  was 
unanimoufly  agreed  to  j  and,  a  Mellage  fent  to 
the  Commons,  wherein  the  Lords  exprefled  them- 
felves,  '  That  they  would  no:  have  the  Lower 
Houfe  think  it  proceeded  from  any  Coldilefs  in  Af- 
fedtion  or  Duty,  on  their  Parts,  to  defire  a  Con- 
ference with  them  on  the  Amendmeni:  of  the  faid 
Bill.'  Anfwer  was  returned  th;it  the  Commons 
agreed  to  a  Conference  ;  on  which  two  Com- 
mittees were  appomted  for  that  Pinpofc.  And,  on 
another  Motion,  the  Lords  agreed  that  in  rhe 
Conference,  Che  Commitiee  for  the  Commons 
might  be  defiled  to  propound  \o  ihat  Houfe  their 
X^orrfliips  earnetl  Kequelt  anJ  Exptfbuion,  that 
(omc  Means  m.ghL  be  by  ihem  confidered  ot,   fo^ 


0/*E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       loj 

a  Relief  or  Sufffidy  to  be  farther  granted  to  his  Ma-  '*"•  **  J*""  ^ 
jefty,  to  fupply  his  prdent  Neceflitics.  '    ** 

Another  remarkahle  Letter  from  ihe  King,  wrote 
with  his  own  Hand,  but  correAcd  as  to  the  Spel- 
ling, was  fent  to  the  Commons,  June  26th;  the 
Intent  of  which  was  10  fignify  his  Pleafure,  in  re- 
lation 10  a  farther  Grant  of  a  Suift^.  The  Let- 
ter followclh :  (s) 

HAVING   bten  informed^   that  within  the 
Space  of  thife  Eight  or  Trn  Days  paft.  threl};^;^;^ 
hath  been  mven  Timei  ^pitches  made  tn  thf  Lower  fuii\KTS^\^iiiy  »t 
Houje  of  cur  Comnmiiy  far  a  Subftdy  to  he  at  />&«  this  Time 
Time  granted  untc  us ;  we  have  thought  it  conveni- 
tnt,    that  ye  JhouUU  in  our  Name,   acquaint  the 
HouJe  with  the  fmcere  Truth  of  sur  Meanng  in 
that  Matter  ;  to  the  end  that  they,  being  at  a  Point 
in  that  ^e/lion,  may  with  the  greater  Kxpeditiony 
tmelude  futh  fptciai  Things,  as  are  neeefjary  to  be 
done  before  the  ending  of  this  kngfome  Seffton  ofPar- 

It  ii  true,  that  ever  before^  and  a  certain  Space 
after  tht  fitting  duwn  rf  this  Parliament^  we  were 
eonjiantly  refihed,  neither  to  thijiky  nor^  in  cafe  it 
had  been  offered  unto  uit  any  ways  to  have  accepted 
a  Subfidy  at  this  lime ;  for  as  in  our  firfl  Speech  ta 
this  wh«li  Pariiament  ive  deckredy  how  unwilling  we 
fhould  t^er  be  to  bi  a  Burden  to  oiir  People  ;  f  thought 
we  it  an  Timet  i^f  our  firfi  Parliament,  after 
our  fo  happy  and  ptaccable  Entry  into  this  Kingdom, 
with  fo  great  and  general  an  Applaiife,  for  having 
a  Suhfidy  raijid  :-pcn  them,  nctwith/tanding  of  our 
prefent  great  NeccJJUy  ;  and  that  thorough  the  Occa- 
ften  cf  divers  great  Expencesj  wbereunto  we  were 
driven  at  our  fir ji  Entry  here :  But  after  the  (i/Jem-  - 
hUng  of  this  Parliament ^  we  were  fo  often  thali  with 
and  informed  by  divtn  /i.'e::beri  cf  that  Hmfe^ 
that  were  -Aherwife  Strangers  ta  our  Afihirs,  that  it 
was  a  Loth  Imiourab.'e  and  reafenable,  that  a 
Subfidy  fhiJd  be  grunted  unto  us ;  that  both  cur  Xe- 


(g)  In  ^^'^  M»<-(tiB  is  written,  Sluttre  tbt  Original.    A  pnnted 
CopT' tiiercot  is  bere  inlcited  m  -a-  j.ju.-nat. 

l*ta(a  in  tit  printed  yourxali. 

1 06    The  Tarliamentary  H  i  stort 

An. ».  James  L  eejfity  nquired  itt  and  the  People  in  their  Love  were 
'^  ready  to  offer  it  unto  Ui\  that  it  was  ever  t.he  Form 
cf  all  Kings' of  England,  to  have  a  Subfidy  given 
them  at  the  very  ^rfl  aJfe'mbUng  of  their  Jirft  Par-^ 
liament ;  thai  as  it  was  honourable  for  us  to  receive 
it  (being  an  [Ear neji -penny  of  the  People* s  Love  to* 
ward  us)  fi  would  it  be  a  thing  nothing  prejudicial 
nor  hurtful  for  them  to  yield  unto ;  and  that  there 
was  enow  in  that  Houfe,  that  were  ftriving  amontft 
themfelves^  who  Jhould  be  the  fir fl  Propoumer  there- 
of \  as  at  the  kft  we  were  moved  to  be  contented^ 
that  fome  JhouU  prove  the  Houfe's  Mind  in  it ;  on- 
ly in  this  Point  were  we  careful^  that;,  in  cafe  it 
were  propounded^  and  put  to  a  ^ejlion,  it  Jhcjld 
receive  no  publuk  Refufal;  which  could  .not  but  be 
dijhonourahie  unto  us,  especially  in  the  Sight  of  all  the 
Strangers  that  are  new  here.  But  having  noWi^with 
ITinie,  more  narrowly  examined  both  the-C^ifiom  in 
the  like  Cafes,  at  the  firjl  Parliaments  4f  our  Pfedt-- 
ceffors  here,  as  lUewife,  that  the  lali  Terjf^s  Payment 
of  the  old  great  Subfidy  is  not  yet  come^  fo  as  a  dou- 
ble Burden  Jball  appear  to  -be  laid  upon  the  People, 
and  yet  our  Commodity  never  a  Hair  the  nearer',' 
we  have  hereupon  concluded  with  surfelf,  to  refort  tO' 
our  former  Determination:  And  therefore  is  it  our 
exprefs  fVill-,  that  ye  Jhall^  in  our  Name,  ftgnify  t'9 
our  faid  Houfe  of  Commons,  that  we  defire  thm^ 
at  this  Time,  not  to  meddle  any  further  with  thai 
^ejiion:,  affuring  them^  in  the  Word  of  aKxng^ 
that-we  will  be  fo  far  from  takin%  it  unkindly,  their 
not  offeting  it  unto  us  at  this  fir  ft  Seffion  of  this  our 
firjl  Parliament,  as  by  the  contrary  we  will  only  in-^- 
terpret  it  to  proceed  from  the  Care  they  have,  that 
our  People  fl)Ould  not  have  am  Occafion  of  D'lftaffe 
of  us  offered  unto  them  at  this  Time,  for  the  ReafoHf 
above- mentioned  \  affuring  ourfelf  that  the  faid 
ihufe  will,  in  their  own  Time,  be  careful  to  fee  our 
State  fupplicdy  by  fucb  Means^  as  may  be  mofi  coH' 
venient  for  our  tf^eal,  and  leajl  hurtful  to  our'JSub* 
Je£fs  i  wherein  we  remit  ourfelf  to  their  difcreet  CoH' 
fiderations,  in  the  due  7ime. 

JAMES    R. 
.      .  After 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      107 

After  the  Reading  of  this  Letter,  a  Motion  was  An.  *,  Juoeil. 
made,  *  That  ihe  King's  Letter  (hould  be  record-        ■^°*' 

*  cd  in  their  Houfc,  for  an  everlafting  Memory  of 

*  his  Majcfty's  Grace. That  al]  the   Knights 

*  of  Shires  may  take  a  Copy  of  it,  and  publifh  it  in 
'  their  Countries. And,  that  Mr.  Speaker,  at 

*  the  End  of  this  Seflioa,   (hould  prcfent  Thanks 

*  to  hisMajcfty,  in  iheNameof  the  whole  Houl'c, 

*  ibr  his  Grace  exprefled  in  that  Letter.' 
This  Letter  was,  probably,   the  Occafion  of 

fending  up  another  Bill  from  the  Commons,  inti- 
tled,  An  A£i  fsr  tbe  GJfigning  certain  Sumi  of  Ms' 
ftsy,  for  tki  Defraying  of  the  Charge,  tf  the  Kinfi  H,?ewt'jr' 
moft honourable  HiuJf)old.  This  Bill  foon  pafled  into  the  Houfliold. 
a  Law ;  as  did  alio  the  former,  ior  a  Grant  of 
Tonnage  and  Pcundage^  without  any  Amendments ; 
bccaufc  [he  Lord  Trcafurer,  the  firft  of  the  Lords 
Comminee,  informed  the  Houfe  that  the  Judges 
being  aflt'd  their  Opinions,  about  liis  Points  of  Ex- 
ception to  the  faid  Bill,  they  bad  relblved,  that, 
DolwithHandirg  ihofe  Exceptions*  the  Bill  iniglit 
pafs,  as  ir  iben  ftood,  without  Inconveaience  or 
Prejudice  to  his  Majyfty.  The  Tonnage  granted 
this  Seflion  was  3s.  on  every  Tun  of  Wine  iiti- 
ported;  but  on  a  Tun  of  iweet  Wines  6s.  and  is. 
on  every  Awm  of  RhLni£h.  The  Poundage  was 
IS.  on  evtry  Tweniy  Shillings- worth  of  Goods 
or  Merch^^rdilc,  impoucd  and  exported,  excepting 
Woollen  Manufadtures ;  and  Tin  and  Pewter  were 
to  pay  25.  A  Dcnifen  was  lo  pay  for  every  Sack 
of  Wool  33s.  and  4d.  and  for  every  240  VVool- 
fells  the  ihiue;  and  for  every  Laft  of  Hides  and 
Backs  3I   6s.  and  8d.  (1) 

Tbeie  were  all  ihe  Supplies  that  were  granted  to 
the  King  this  Seffion  of  Parliament,  and  all  that 
were  aflceJ  by  the  Miniftry  at  this  Time.  Whe- 
ther the  King  louiid  the  Treafury  full  at  iiis  Com- 
ing to  the  Crown,  or,  that  he  had  no  Mind  to 
lay  a  Bunhen  on  his  Subje^  fo  near  his  AccefU- 
on,  is  uncertain.  Gut,  as  this  ComplaifanLe  was 
unuiudl,  the  Ntctffity  of  the  State  foon  called  for 


di  SWfttt  tt  targt^  Cap.  3J. 


1  o8     The  Tarl'tamentafy  H  i  stokt 

An.  a.  j»ratti.a  hrgcr  Supply,  and  even  in  rhc  cnftiing ScfTion  of 
*  **•  ibis  very  Parliament.  It  is  true,  there  was  atiother 
Bin  brought  in,  nnd  palled  the  Lords,  pt  this 
Time,  inliiied,  An  An  procetM^g  from  the  K-ng*s 
Majefifs  princely  Ifi/djm  and  Cere  ef  his  Royal 
Progeny,  fir  the  perpetual  and  indijjokbls  Annexing 
ef  tertain  of  bis  Makflys  Pofjeffiom^  infeparnhle  ta 
Mm  or  his  Royai  Pojhrify^  Kin^s  and  ^ccns  sf 
England.  But  being  fcnt  down  to  the  Lower 
Houfe,  they  returned  a  Meflage  by  Mr.  SccreMry 
Hirherty  ^c.  importing,  that  ihcy  had  given  t]ie 
aforeJaid  Bill  two  Readings  in  one  Day  and  com- 
mitted it;  but  found  fo  many  Doubts  in  fome  Par- 
ticulars, that  may  be  prejudicial  ro  dii'ers  Subjefls 
or  this  Realm,  that  they  defired  a  Conference  wi:h 
the  Lords  about  it.  This  was  granted,  and  the 
Committees  on  both  Sides  met ;  where,  it  may  be 
Tappoied,  the  Commons  gave  fuch  Rcafons  againft 
the  Bill,  rhat  it  wasdrop'd,  for  there  is  no  farther 
Notice  taken  of  it. 

Sofne  other  Occurrences  happened  this  Seffion, 
tvhich,  though  of  Icfs  Moment,  yet  deferve  a  Me- 
morial; fince  neither  of  them  arc  mentioned  in 
ihe  particular  Writer  of  this  Reiyi,  nor  in  any 
other  general  Hiftorian, 

The  firft  was  a  Complaint  made,  by  a  MelTage 
delivered  oy  Sir  Edward  Hobby  and  others  from  the 
Lower  Houie,  concerning  a  certain  Book,  which 
of  late,  as  thev  faid,  fell  into  their  Hands,  intitled, 
»«««*****«  'By  the  publilhing  of 
which  Book,  tending  to  make  Divifion  and  Strife, 
ihcy  conceive  Wrong  and  Difhonour  done  both 
to  the  Lower  Koufe  and  the  Lords  themfelvej'. 
That  ihe  Secrets  of  that  Houfe  (hould  he  difco- 
vered  touching  fuch  Matters  as  ]iad  hern  by  them 
debated,  beard  and  atUnved  by  the  Lords,  approv' 
ed  by  llic  Judges  of  the  Realm,  and  aflented  to  by 
htsMajclty:  Which  Fault,  tbcy  faid,  if  anyone 
of  their  i-ioufehad  conimrttcd,  they  prolcHed  they 
woul(J  have  inflifted  exempbry  Punilhtncnt  upon 
him.  But,  bccaufe  they  foppoicd  that  ii  was  the 
"Works  of  forne  in  the  Upper  Houfe,  they  dcfircd 
,  Coij,- 

The  Commons 
comptain  of  a 
Book  wrote  }ji 
Favour  of  the 

Of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     109 

Conference  with  the  Lords,  to  confider  what  Courfe  An,  i.  jamcsE. 
may  be  taken  in  it.  Tlic  Lords  returned  for  An-  *^ 
fw«r,lha[  when  Ihey  had  perufed  the  Book,  which, 
as  yet,  moft  of  them  had  not  done,  and  had  con- 
fidercd  how  it  may  touch  the  Honour  of  either 
Houfe,  they  will  fliew  ihcmlelves  as  tender  and 
lenfiblc  of  it  as  the  Commons;  and  will  let  them 
foon  know  their  Opinion  concerning  it.* 

The  Title  of  this  Book  is  left  blank  in  the  Lords 
y&uriiuiiy  but  whether  byDefign  or  Negligence  is 
uncertain ;  nor  a»e  we  the  better  helped,  in  this,  by 
ihofe  of  the  Commons.  However,  the  Sequel 
will  inform  us,  both  who  the  Author  of  It  was, 
and  the  Nature  of  the  Subject  which  gave  the  Of- 
fence. Two  Stationers  called  Field  and  Chardt 
concerned  in  the  priming  and  publithmg  the  Book^ 
were  fent  for,  and  brought  before  the  Houfe  of 
Lords  by  the  Serjeant  at  Arms.  Thele  Men  con- 
fcfl'ed  the  Publication,  ts'jr.  and  that  the  Bifhop 
of  Briflsl  was  the  Author  of  \i.{k).  This  put  ihe 
Houfe  to  a  Stand,  what  Punifhmcnt  to  inflift  upon 
the  Stationers;  when  fo  great  a  Man,  and  one  of 
iheir  own  Body,  was  the  principal  AgreiTor. 
They  were  ordered  to  attend  the  Houfe,  however, 
tn  Dii  ad  Diem,  for  fomcTime;  in  the  mean 
while  the  Commons,  in  a  Conference,  puJlied  the 
Thing  warmly  againft  theBiHiop;  and  the  Lords, 
after  fome  Deliberation  amongft  ihcmfclves,  what 
Satisfiaflion  to  give  to  the  other  Houfe  about  this 
Matter,  did  all  agree  in  Opinion  that  it  might 
bdl  be  done,  if  the  faid  Bifhop  would  voluntarily 
acknowledge  himfclf  to  have  committed  an  Error, 
and  thai  he  was  foiry  for  the  fame.  We  are  ioldi';f,^if  .hf^J: 
that  the  Bifhop,  at  laft,  confenied  to  m:ike  ihisihor.«lkiPai=ioji 
Acknowledgment,  which  he  read  in  the  Houfe  in*^"^  ''• 
Form,  as  follows ; 

I .  /  (en/<s/i  I  have  erred  in  prefuming  to  deliver 
Q  private  Sentence,  in  a  Matter  fo  dealt  in  by  the 
High  Court  of  ParSament. 

a.  / 

(i)  Thb  Bifliq)  of  Brifitt  was  yshn  Tt'on^reavh,  trantlitei 
to  tbttSte  fnwn  Limttirk  io  Ircfand,  ytnno  1603.  Afterwiidi  io 
lb«  Year  iG  6,  he  \sai  iranfl^icd  to  H^critfier. 

Li  -Ntvt'i  Ffifii  Etc,  yfit£. 

Ait*  »•  Jtxaea  !• 

The  Parliamentary  History 

t,  I  am  forry  for  it* 

3.  If  it  was  to  do  again  I  would  mt  d&  it. 

4,  /  protefi  it  was  done  out  of  Ignorance^  and  not 
out  of  Malta  ^  towards  either  of  tie  Hcufei  of  Par- 
hament,  or  any  particular  Member  of  the  fame ; 
but  only  to  declare  my  Affe^un  to  the  intended  Union, 
which  I  doubt  mt  but  all  ymtr  Lordpipi  do  allow  of,. 

By  this  I2II:  Sexton  it  appears  what  the  Subject, 
of  the  Book  was,  which  gave  the  Offence  i  and  that 
there  were  lome  Spirits  in  the  Lower  Houfe  fo 
much  fet  againft  the  Union,  that  they  could  not 
bi^r  that  luch  a  Remonllrance*  in  its  Favour, 
fiiould  be  pubiifhcd  about  ir.  Some  Days  after, 
the  Commons  fent  aMcflage  to  the  Lords,  where- 
in they  acknowledged  their  Lordfliips  honourable 
Proceeding  in  this  Marier ;  but,  at  the  lame  Time, 
for  their  better  Satisfaction,  they  defircd  ihat  a  Co- 
py of  the  Bifhop's  DecIaTation  of  his  Eiror,  iifc. 
might  be  given  ihem  ;  that  it  might  be  recorded, 
alfo,  in  the  Journals  of  that  Houfe:  And  that 
Which  I's rword- the  Book  might  be  lupprefied.  The  Lords  took 
Timt?  to  cunhder  ot  this  Mrllage;  and  aller- 
wards  in  another  Conference,  about  this  and  other 
Matters,  the  Commons  had  the  Satisfadlion  ihey 
dellred,  and  fo  ihe  Affair  wa*  ended. 

Another  remariiable  Occurrence  happen*d,  of 
flill  greater  Moment.  There  had  been  a  Bill 
brought  into  the  Houfe  of  Lords  this  Seflion,  in- 
litled,  An  J^  for  the  due  Execution  of  (he  Statutes 
agairj/I  Je/uiis,  Seminary  Priefls^  Reiufants^  &c. 
On  the  third   Reading  of  which  Bill,  the  Lord 

Co  in   the  Com- 
mDiic  JouiujIs. 

v^Siy  of  Apology  for  all  Sorts  of  Recufants,  un- 
dcitcok  \\'c  Defence  of  their  Religiun ;  aiui  in- 
veighed ,'ipinft  the  whole  State  of  ihat  Religion 
now  r!l;il)iiflicd  in  ihis  Realm.  He  endeavoured 
to  pfL've  the  great  Antiquity  of  theirs  and  the, 
Novelty  of  ihis;  faying,  that  we  had  been  mif- 
lec  to  forfakc  the  Religion  of  our  Fathers,  and 
to  follow  fome  light  Pcribns  of    late  Times 

*  iprung 

Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       in 

*  fprung  up,  that  were  of  unfound  Doiflrine,  Wf.  An.  t.  James  I. 
?  evil  Life,  or. to  that  Effei^ :  He  [hereupon  made        ***** 

*  moftearneft  Requeft  and  Entreaty  to  the  Lord.s 
'  that  they  would  have  a  favourable  Conlideraiion 

*  of  the  faid  Recufanis,    whom  the  Bill  did  con- 

*  cern,  and  not  give  It  Pafljge  agalnft  them.  («) 
The  '^aurnali  proceed  to  tell  us  that,  when  fomc 

of  the  Bilhops  had  anfwered  to  the  leveral  Points 
of  this  Speech,  rehtinjr  to  the  cftablifhed  Reli- 
gion, the  Lord  Chancellor  interpofed  by  making  a 
Motion^  declaring  to  the  Lords,  *  That  he  doubted 
'  whether  it  might  ftand  with  the  good  Order  of 

*  that  Houle  and  with  his  Duty,  that  fuch  a  Speech 

*  ftiouM  be  fufFered   in  the  Houfe,    as  the  Lord 

*  Montague  had  made.  In  preluming,  under  Pre* 
'  icnce  of  fpeaking  to  a  Bill,  to  inveigh  and  Ipeak 

*  generally  againft  the  whi)te  State  of  Religion 
'  tlien  cftablifhed:    By  fpeaking  directly  to  and 

*  maintaining  the  Tenets  of  the  /'(TpZ/Zf  Religion, 

*  lb  much  derogating  as  it  doth  from  the  King's  Ma- 
'  jefty's  fupreme  Auihoriiy  and  Government.    He 

*  iherefore  defired  the  Houle  to  confider,  whether 

*  theSufteringof  futhaSpeech  yvouM  ftand  with  the 

*  Duty  of  Allegiance  they  owed  to  his  Majefty.' 
On  this  a  Debate  arol'e  \  but  all  the  Liords  that 

iix>kc,  agreed  in  Opinion  that  it  was  a  very  ofFen- 
five  Speech,  and  not  to  be  futfered  to  pafs  without 
(bme  Cenfure,  Animadverfion  or  Punifhment; 
except  the  Lord  Burleigh^  who  faid,  *  He  thought 

*  the  bcft  and   fitteft  Hunifhment  would  be  lo  let 

*  him  pals  unregarded  and  unpunifhed.     Becaufe, 

*  he  fuppofed  that  the  Lord  Montague  did  affedl  a 

*  Glory  in  it  j  and  would  be  glad  to  get  the  more 

*  Reputation  amongfl;  \\\c  Papijls^  boih  at  Home 

*  and  Abroad,  if  he  ihould  be  cenliired  or  punifh- 
'  ed  in  any  Sort  for  iheir  Caufe.'  In  Conclufion, 
it  was  thought  meet  that  fome  Order  fliould  be 
taken  for  the  Ccnfuring  the  faid  Lord  for  his  pre- 


(m)  Thij  l*ord  Vifcount  Mentjguf  was  Graniifon  to  the  Lord  of 
that  Name,  who  Tpotcc  fo  boWly  tui  the  Romijh  Religion  in  ihc  Be- 
ginning of  the  hii  Reign,  Dng^  Bar,  Vol.  a.  S«  aWo  p.  ij. 
in  our  third  Volume. 

112     The  Parliamentary  History 

An.  1.  jameiT.  ^""^P^^^o^s^P^^^^^S  ^"^  *'^^  Dcterminaiioti  there- 
1^.       of  was  deferred    until   their  next  Situng.     After 
which,  tlie  Bill  being  put  to  the  (^ertion,  ir  was 
piaflcd  by  a  gtcat  Majority' 

Tiie  next  Day  this  Affair  was  again  renewed  i 
and  a  Reciial  of  the  Lord  Montagu^t  prclumptu- 
ous  Speech  made  ;  on  which,  it  was  ordered  by  all 
Forwhich  he  is  the  Lords  Spiritual  and  Temporal,  that  the  laid 
o>mnii«cd to tiic  Lord  fhould  be  committed  Prtfoner  lo  the  Fleet, 
"  ■  and  the  Warden  of  thai  Prifon  was  immediately 

fcnt  for  to  take  him  into  Cullody.  But,  he  did 
not  continue  long  a  Priibner;  for,  three  or  four 
Days  after  his  Commitment,  the  Lords  being  in- 
form'd  that  the  faid  Lord  Montague  was  lorry  for 
his  Offence,  and  ihat  he  had  given  Caufe  for  their 
Dilplefiure;  begging  to  be  releafed  from  his  Con- 
finement and  take  his  Place  in  the  Houfe  i  It  was 
ordered  that  he  (hould  be  difcharged  from  the  Fleet, 
and  return  to  his  own  Houfe,  there  to  remain  till 
Mmdiiy  noxi,  when  he  was  to  repair  to  the  Houfe 
of  Lords,  and  by  his  own  Mouth  declare  his  Dif- 
like  of  his  Speech,  and  give  Salisla^liion  to  the 
Lords  for  the  fame.  Accordingly,  the  next  Day 
he  was  brought  to  the  Bar,  and  there  he  told  the 
Houfe,  *  How  far  it  was,  and  ever  ftioiild  be,  from 
'  him  to  do  any  thing  out  of  any  ill  Dilpofilion  or 
'  Meaning  to  offend  ihejn;  rendring  unto  their 

*  Lordfhips  moft  humble  Th.inks,  for  their  no  left 

*  favourable  Conftruftion  of  his  Intention,  than 

*  for  their  moft  honourable  and  prefent  Rcleafe- 

*  ment  of  him;    with  Proaftjtion  of    his  moft 

*  humble  and  dutiful  Zeal  towards  bis  Majefty, 
<  anl,   alio,    of  his  moft  loving;  and  devoted  Af- 

*  fc<5tion  towards  al!  iheir  Lordfhips.' 

PrtitioB  rdatinf  Therc  IS  a  long  Entry  m^de  in  the  Lords  JoHr- 
to  thrB.itony  offl^/j  of  this  SciTion,  relating  to  two  Peiiiions,  prc- 
Bergavenny.  fenitd  to  the  Houfe,  each  of  ihcm  claiming  the 
anticnt  Barony  of  Bergavimy.  The  one  was 
from  Edward  Ncvi'.e,  Efq;  who  proved  h'mfelf  to 
be  the  Heir  Male,  and  the  other  from  the  Lady 
Fane,   or  yanty  and  her  Heirs,  who  were  proved 


0/"    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       i: 

'       tobe  the  Heirs  General.     The  Proceedings  on  thisAn.*,  juneii. 
AtFiir  were  very  lon^  i  at  length  jt  was  determi-        '*°^ 
ned  by  the  Lords,  that  Nmle  Oiould  have  theUa- 
:        lODy  of  Bergavennyy  and  the  Lady  the  Barony  of 
If  Defpemer,    which  was  alfo   in   the  Family, 
I       And  this  Award  being  confirmed  by  the  King, 
I      i^e  two  Baronies  were  made  Hertditary  in  both 
^-  Funilies  (n). 

^1    In  the  Joumah  of  the  Commons,  is  a  tcmark- 
^sbic  Affair,  relating  to  the  Imprifonment  of  one5^^'„^^°"„j*^f 
.       fif  their  own  Members.     Sir  Jhoma:  Shirley,  Mem- a  Memberin  tto 
^*  ber  for   Steyningy    had  been  committed  Prilonerflcet. 
V  lo  the  Fleet,  foon  after  his  Retuni,  and  before  the 
r      Parliament  met,  on  sn  Execution.     The  Houfc 
I       lent  their  Serjeant  at  Arms  to  deirtand  the  Prifon- 
er;  which  was  refufed  by  the  Warden.     On  this, 
\       he  was  fcnt  for  himfelf  to  the  Houle,   where  he 
fti!l  perfifted  in  denying  to  releafc  the  Prifoncr; 
and  was  committed  to  the  Towsr  for  the  Contempt. 
I       On  the  9ih  of  Moy^  a  ftrong  Debate  arole  in  the 
Houfe,    what  they  (hould  do  to  releafe  their  Bro- 
ther, ibme  arguing  that  the  Houfe  could  not,,  by 
Law,  fecure  the   Warden  from  an  Efcapc  of  his 
Prifoncr.     But  the  Recorder  of  Londm  faid,  *  That 

*  this  was  nor  a  Time  to  treat  about  Matters  of 

*  Lawj  but  flow   to  deliver  Sir  Thamas  Sh-rley. 

*  He  moved  that  fix  of  the  Houfe  might  be  fclcc- 

*  ted  and  fent  to  the  Fleet,  with  the  Serjeant  and 
^^  his  Mace  to  at  end  them;  thereto  require  the 
^^  Delivery  of  Sir  Thmas  Shirley:  And,  if  it  was 
^^*  -denied,  to  prcfs  to  his  Chamber,  and,  providing 

*  foi  the  Safety  of  the  Prifon  and  Pnfoners,  to 

*  free  him  by  Force  and  bnng  him  away  with 
^*  tlicm  10  the  Houfe.' 

^B    This  Motion  was  put  to  the  Queftion,  and,  the 
^PHcufe  dividmg,    there  were  176  for  it,    and  153  v 

B^gainil  the  Motion;    on  which  it  was  refuh'cd  to 
'      fend,    Willi  Diredtbn  and  Authority,   as  before. 
Vol.  V.  H  Bat, 


(»)  The  Birory  of  Btrgtvtnnj  h  ■*\.  this  Diy  in  the  Nmilt  F»- 
niily ,  »nj  (he  Barony  of  tt  Dtjftvftr  in  the  f'*milir  of  Tam,  murf 
£ail  «f  H'tjimerksd, 


Ao.  1.  jwnei  I.  But,  the  Speaker  putting  the  Houfe  in  Mind  that 
'^       all  iholc,  fo  fent  to  enter  the  Prifon  in  ihat  Man- 
ner, were  by  Law,  fubjedt  to  an  A6lion  upon  the 

Cafe  i  it  w  as  tliought  meet  to  flop  this  Proceeding. 

Many  Projefls  were  formed  in  the  Houfe  tor 
feveral  Days  together,  for  the  Delivery  of  the 
Prifoner,  but  to  no  Purpafe ;  when  the  Warden 
was  again  ordered  to  be  brought  before  them;  and 
being  told  of  iheGreatnefs  of  his  Contempt,  and 
terrified  with  further  Punifliment  if  he  would  not 
yield,  lie  ftill  refufed  to  deliver  his  Prifoner  to  ihem. 
On  this,  another  Debate  arofe,  and,  having  come 
to  a]uiion,  the  Warden  was  called  in  again, 
when  he,  (till  periifting  in  his  Obftinacy,  was  told 
by  the  Speaker,  '  That,ashedidincreaiehisCon- 

*  tempi,  fo  the  Houfe  thought  fit  to  increafc  his 

*  Punifhmenti  and  that  their  Judgment  waSj  now, 
'  he  fhould  be  committed  to  the  PrifoHi  called 

*  Liitk-Eafe^  wutiin  the  Tower.' 
The  next  Day,    the  Lieutenant  of  the  T^wer 

f,nt  a  Letter  to  the  Speaker,  importing.  That  he 
had  talked  with  the  Warden,  his  Prifoner;  and  thai 
he  now  feemed  to  have  fome  Feeling  of  hb  Error 
and  Obftinacy;  and  that  If  the  Houfe  would  fend 
two  of  thi^ir  Membera',  which  he  named,  to  faiis- 
iy  him  in  iht  Point  of  his  Security,  be  would  be 
conieut  to  deliver  up  his  Prifoner  to  their  Serjeant, 
when  they  woicld  pleafe  to  fend  (or  him.  But  the 
Houic  would  not  conient  lo  this;  and  after  many 
mote  Arguments  and  Debates,  ihe  Day  after  they 
came  lo  a  Refolution,  ro  fend  another  Warrant  of 
Hahsoi  Corpus  lo  releale  their  Member;  and  that 
the  Warder;  fhould  be  brought  from  the  Tmuer  lo 
the  Door  of  the  Fleet,  and  there  to  have  it  ferved 
upon  him  by  the.Serje:ml,  and  then  to  he  returned 
to  hia  Dungeon  of  Uttk-Eafe  again.  The  Form 
of  ail  ihele  VVairants  are  in  the/jy^Wjj  but  there 
is  A  Aiimeratukm  added  to  this  laft,  '  That  Mr. 
'  Vice-Chamberlain  was,  privately,  inftrufted  to 

*  go  to  the  King,  and  humbly  defire  that  he  would 
'  be  pleafed  to  command  the  Warden,  on  his  Al- 

*  le^^ancc}  to  deliver  up  Sir  Thmai  j   not  as  peti- 

*  lioncd 

©/•ENGLAND.      115 

lioned  for  by  the  Houfe,  but  as  if  himfelf  thought  An.  i.  jwicsii 


'  it  fit  out  of  his  own  gracious  Judgment.* 
It  is  likely  this  laft  Method  prevailed  i  for  we  find 

that  Sir  TJjomas  was  delivered  up,  by  a  Petition 
fer\i  to  the  Houfe  from  tiic  Warden,  in  his  ftrait 
Durance,  and  praying  to  be  releafed  from  it. 
However,  the  Houfe  thought  fit  to  continue  him, 
in  the  fame  difm:ii  Hole,  fome  Time  longer  j 
when,  at  laft,  being  ordered  to  be  brought  to  the 
Bar,  on  his  Knees,  '  He  confefled  his  Error  and 
'  Prefumption,  and  profeiled  thai  he  was  unfeign- 
*  edly  forry  (hat  he  had  fo  otJended  ihat  honourable 
«  Houfe*  On  which,  the  S[KEiker,  by  Dired^ion 
of  the  Houfe,  pronounced  his  Pardon  and  difchar- 
gcd  him,  paying  the  ordinary  Fees. 


We  have  now  gone  through  the  moft  remark* 
able  Proceedings  of  either  Houfe  in  this  Sefiion  of 
Parliament,  which  began  on  the  19th  Day  of 
Jidarch  1603,  and  ended  on  the  7  th  of  July  in 
ihe  Year  1604. ;  as  long  a  SelTion  as  we  have  yet 
met  with.  There  was  a  great  Deal  of  Bulinefs 
done  at  it  ;  our  Statute- Books  enumerating  no  lefs 
than  31  At\s  palled,  but  ihe  Catalogue  in  the 
Lords  y^wrfla/ mount  them  to  120.  Many  of 
thcie  were  private  A<^,  particularly,  for  Natura- 
iifing  feveral  Scotthmen  and  Families  come  over 
with  the  new  King  ;  fome  other  Bills  which  paf- 
fed  both  Houfes  were  rejected. 

On  Saturday^  July  7th,  the  King  came  to  the 
Houfe  of  Lords,  about  Two  in  the  Afternoon; 
and,  being  fcated  on  the  Throne,  the  Commons 
and  iheir  Speaker  were  fent  for  J  who»  on  pre  fen  t- 
ing  the  Bills,  nude  the  following  Speech  to  his 

•  "TTl STORY,  moft  high  and  mighty  So- The  Speaket'j 

*  Xl  vcrcign,  iatruly  approved  to  be  the Tre>V«h  et  the 

*  furc  ot  Times  part,  the  Light  of  Tru'.h,  ihe^^'^^^^''^  ^rf- 

•  Memoiy  of  Life,  the  Guide  and  Image  of  Man's 
'  prcfcDt  Eftate,  Pattern  of  the  Things  to  come, 

2nd  the  true  Work-miftrefs  of  Experience,  the 
H  a  '  Mother 

1 1 6    The  Ta^amentary  H  i sro rt* 

An.  *.  jamcii.*  Moiher  of  Knowledge ;   for  therein,   as  in  a 

1604-.       *  Cryllal,  there  is  not  only  prefenied  unto  our 

'  Views  the  Virtues,  bul  the  Vices ;  the  Pcrfec- 

*  tions,  but  theDefeftsj  the  Good,  but  the  Evil; 

*  the  Lives,  but  the  Death,  of  all  precedent  Go- 

*  vernors  and  Government,  which  held  the  Reins 

*  of  this  ImperiaS  Regiment :  Where,  although 
the  fame  hath  ever  been  managed  with  one  Idea, 
or  Form  of  Government  i  namely,  by  the  Laws 
Direiflion,  by  ICings  Rule,  by  Senates  Advice, 
and  by  Magiftrates  Difcipline  ;  yet  hath  the 
fame  budded  Fruits  of  fevera!  K  nds  of  Senie, 
moving  from  the  Ufe  or  Abufe  of  Laws  Direc- 

'  lion,  from  the  Virtue  or  Error  of  Kings  Rule, 
■  from  the  Good  or  Evil  of  Senates  Advice,  or 
from  the  Jufticc  or  Injuflice  of  Magiftratcs  Dif- 
ciplint: :  For  as  good  Government  is  the  Guide- 
Miftrefs  of  human,  Happinefs,  and  Tutrefs  of 
publick  Commodity  ;  fo  13  ill  Government  the 
devouring  Tyrant  ot  Subjects  Blifs,  and  the  ve- 
nomous Poifoner  of  Commonwealth  well  doing. 

The  Laws. 
•  The  Laws,  whereby  the  Ark  of  this  Govern- 
ment hath  been  ever  ftecred,  are  of  three  Kinds ; 
the  firrt,  the  Comiilon  Law,  grounded  or  drawn 
from  the  Law  of  God,  the  Law  of  Reafon,  and 
the  Law  of  Nature,  not  mutable  ;  the  fecond, 
tije  pofitive  Law,  founded,  changed,  and  alte- 
red by  and  through  the  Occaiions  and  Policies  of 
Times ;  the  third,  Cuftoms  and  Ufiges,  prac- 
tifed  and  allowed  with  Time's  Approbation, 
without  known  Beginnings :  Wherein  although 
we  differ  from  the  Laws  of  other  States  Govern- 
ment, yet  have  the  Authors  iheieof  imiLaied  the 
approved  Kxcellency  of  Plato  and  Art/lotie^  fram- 
ing their  Laws  according  to  the  Capacity,  Na- 
ture, Difpofi;ion,  and  Humour  of  the  Place  and 
People  ;  by  the  Level  of  whofe  Line  this  State 
hath  been  Coram;ir.tled,  governed,  fupported,  and 
maintained  thefe  *  *  *  Years,  not  inferior,  but 
in  equal  Balance  with  any  confining  Regiment 
whatioever  j  and  have,  by  ihe  Touchftone  of 

. '  true 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      ii; 

*  trjc  Experience,  approved  to  be  to  the  King  his  ^a.  a,  junwi  l. 

*  Scepter,  to  the  Senate  the  Oracle  of  Cotinfel,  to 
'  the  Judge  the  Rule  of  Juftice,  to  the  Magiftrate 

*  tbt  Guide  of  Difcipline,  to  the  Subieft  the 
'  School- miftrels  of  Obedience,  to  the  NluUitiide 
'  the  Preventer  of  Ignorance,  the  Standard-bearer 

*  of  Sedition,  and,    generally  lo  all,    the  Bond, 

*  ibat  tieth  Men  to  civil  and  orderly  Courfe  of 

*  tifc.     Finally,   Laws  are  only  Dials  of  true 

*  Dircftion ;  Direction  the  Weapons  of  Govcm- 

*  meat;  Government  the  Armour  of  Peace;  and 

*  Peace,  the  true  Perfeftion  of  all  worldly  Happi- 

*  ncfs :  But  conuarywtle,    no  Laws,   no  Dircc- 

*  lion  ;  no  Direftion,  no  Government ;  no  Go- 
'  Tcrnment,  no  Peace ;  no  Peace,  utter  Dcftruc- 

*  don  i  for,  /me  Imperio^  neither  Houfe,  neither 

*  City,    neither  Nation,   neither  Mankind,  ror 

*  the  Nature  of  T  hings,  nee  ipfe  Munduijiarepetejf, 

*  And  yet  the  Good  or  IH,  boih  of  Laws,  and  of 

*  each  worldly  Thing,    confifteth  in  the  UJc  or 

*  Abufe  of  the  fame  ;  as,  if  well  ufcd,  it  yieldeth 
'  Ihe  Sweet  of  his  true  Property  j  but,  if  abufed, 

*  that  Sweet  is  turned  to  Sour ;  or,  if  not  ufed, 
"  lofeth  his.  Virtue :  As,  amorgft  wrihly  Things, 

*  Food  hath  his  Precedency ;  for,  being  well  uted, 

*  il  maintaineth  and  fupporteth  ihe  Life  and  Na- 
'  lure  of  Man  ;  but  abufedly  taken,  by  Surfeit 
*(ieftroyeth  the  Body;  or  if  not  ufed,  rcmaineth 

*  fruitlefs  ;  fo  the  Laws,  if  well  difpofed,  are  the 
'  Stem,  that  wieldelh  the  Ark  of  Civil  Govcrn- 

*  ment  ;  but  perverted,  become  the  Inftruraents 
'  of  Dcftnidiion  \  or  not  executed,  become  Carftui 

*  fintSiima\  and  therefore  are  to  receive  eitherLife, 

*  theGoodnrlll  of  the  King's  Rule, 

*  iheSenatesAdvice,andtlicMagiilratesDifcipIine. 
*  As  concerning  the  Blifs  or  Bane  of  Kings  Go- 

*  vernment,  which  in  itfelf,  and  of  itfelf,  repre- 

*  ienteth  a  Divine  Majcfty,  it  confifleih  in  two 

*  general  Parts  ■,    the  one.  Example,  the  other, 

*  Command  :  For  ns   from  below,  we  receive 

*  cither  Light  or  D-uknels  from  above,  fo  doth 
'  the  Subtcct  from  the  Prince's  Example  receive 

H  3  '  ciihcr 


1 1 8    The  Tarliamentary  HisTcmr 

either  his  Virtue,  or  hia  Vice ;  and  Experience 
'  approveth,  that  ihe  Eftate  of  Commonwealths 

*  ch^ngeth  with  the  Alreration  of  Princes  Prece- 

*  dent.    And  therefore  the  Errors  of  Princes  are 

*  not  hurtful  in  themfelves,  as  are  their  erroneous 

*  Examplesiwhereby  their  People  become  infe£led: 

*  For  it  hath,  and  ever  will  he  apj^-oved  true,  that 

*  Subje£)s,  by  Imitation  of  their  Princes  Example, 

*  for  the  moft  Part  become  like  unto  themfelves  i 

*  for  the  excellent  Splendor  of  the  Kings  Virtue 
'  doth  not  only  incite  all  Subjefts  to  behold  them, 

*  but    excci-ding   Admiratioo   and  Imitation    to 

*  love  them,  and,  by  loving,   to  obferve  them. 

*  And   therefore  the    Virtue    of  Vefpafianui  Ex- 

*  ample  wrought  more  efFeflual  Good  araongft 
'  his  People,    than  his  Laws ;  For  Obfeqmum  in 

*  Prjftcipis  £t  amulandi  Amor^  are,  of  all  other, 

*  moft  excellent  Tra£lives  to  the  Good  or  III  of 

*  Subje<5^5  Cour'e  of  Life  ;  and  therefore  the  more 

*  curiouily  and  refpeiftive  ought  they  to  be  in  their 
■  A^s  and  Aflions,  as  the  leading  Stars  of  the  ' 
'  People's  Diieflion.     The  other  refteth  in  his 

'  abfolute  Power  of  Command:  For  although  the 

*  Law  may  direct,    the  Senate  advife,    and  the 

*  Magiftrate  execute ;  yet  to  determine  and  com- 

*  mand  is  proper  to  the  King  himfelf:  And  there- 

*  fore  his  Commands  ought  to  be  religious,  for  he 

*  therein  becometh  the  Prefjdent  of  many  Millions 

*  of  Souls  i  they  ought  to  bcjuft,  for  he  ficteth 

*  in  the  Judgment  Seat  of  the  abfolute  King  of 

*  Jufticci  ihcy  ought  to  be  tempered  with  Mercy, 
'  for  he  reprelenteth  the  divine  Image  of  Mercy  ; 

*  they  ought  to  be  mild,  for  he  is  the  Father  and 

*  the  Subjefts  his  Children  \  they  ought  to  be  pre- 
'  (ervative,  and  not  devouring,  for  he  is  the  Shep- 

*  herd,  and  they  the  Flock  i  they  o'ighc  rather  to 

*  prevent  the  Caufe  of  Offence,  thanpunifhtheOf- 

*  /ender,ror  one  is  much  more  honourable  than  the 

*  other;  ihey  ought  to  be  warranted  by  Law,  for 
<  both  by  Office  and  Oath  he  is  honnd  to  his  Law  ; 

*  they  ought  to  proceed  from  Reafon,  for  thereby 

*  lie  is  reverenced  as  a  God  amongft  Men  ;  they 

*  ought 



lamn  I. 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  a       up 

*  oug^t  to  be  prudent,  for  that  makes  him  deified  ^^^  ^^  .  ^^ 

*  with  Fame  and  Renown.     L^curgui  r\Lver  com-     '  1*604. 

*  manded  ought  to  be  done,  that  himfelf  would 

*  not  do ;  which  made  him  honoured,  reverenced, 

*  and  obeyed;   but  Sylia  commanding  Sobriety, 

*  Temperance,   and  Frugality,  hinilelf  pradli'ing 

*  the  contrary,  was  both  contemned  and  Icorned  : 
'  And  iherelore  the  King  ought  to  patronize  his 

*  Command  by  his  Actions.  Themiftoda  demand- 
'  d,  whether  he  were  a  good  Poet,  that  in  ftng- 

*  ing  would  tranlgrefs  tlie  true  Rules  of  MuHck  ? 

*  Being    anfwcred,     No ;     replied,    no  mure  is 

*  that  Kin?,  that  commands  wiihuui  his  Law. 
'  Thiopompm  being  a(ktd,  why  Lacfdfrrcn  dtd  lb 
'  fiounfh  i   anfwcred,   becaufe  thtr  Kmg  knew 

*  how  to  command  ;  and  Commandments,  juttly 
•commanded,  exail  Performance;  but  Things, 
'  unduly  required,  do  breed  Miflike,  and  lome- 
'  times  enforce  Refufa!.  Claudian  rhcrcfore  ron- 
'  cludeth.  Peraget  tranquilia  Pfftejfas^  quod  violtnta 
'  ntquiti  Mandatnque  fOTtm  urget  imperiojd  ^.Us: 

*  And  more  gracious  is  the  Name  of  Piety,  than 

*  of  Power.     To  conclude,  Princes,  by  the  Pcr- 

*  feftion  of  iheii  Examples,  and  by  the  Virtue  of 

*  their  juft  Commands,  become  to  GoJ  accrpt- 
'  able,  to  the  World  renowned,  to  thctr  People 
"beloved,    to  all  Men  with  Reverence  admired, 

*  and  in  the  End  with  Glory  immortalized  ;  but 

*  if  their  Commands  be  unjull,  unmerciful,  cruel, 

*  devouring*  lawlefs,  unreafonable,  and  tmpru- 
'  dent,  he  lofeth  the  glorious  Title  of  a  good  King, 

*  and  becometh  eternized  with  the  deathlels  Fame 
'  of  an  hellifh  Tyrant ;   which  all  good  Kings 

*  ought  toefchcw,  as  the  devouring  Devil  of  their 

*  Fame,  Renown  and  Eternity. 
*  The  third  PUce  in  the  Commonwealth  hath 

'  the  Senate:  For  no  King  can,  with  his  Dili- 
'  gcncc  and  only  Wifdom,  equally  govern  the 
'  whole  Eflate ;  for  it  is  rather  the  Virtue  of  God» 

*  than  Man,  effc<5lual!y  to  know  all  Things  ap- 
■  pertaining  to  Government:  And  therefore,  as 

it  is  neccflary  for  a  Prince  to  lee  with  his  own 

*  Eyes, 

Ka.  1.  Ji 

James  ] 

lao    The  Parliamentary  Histof.t 

*  Eyes,  to  hear  with  his  own  Ears,  and  to  dire£l 

*  by  the  Dial  of  his  own  Judgment;  To  is  it  re- 
'  quifite  for  a  Prince  to  have  many  Eyes,  many 

*  Ears,    many  Tongues,    many   Hands,    many 

*  Feet,  and  many  Wits,  to  fee,  to  hear,  to  dif- 
'  patchj  lo  inform,  and  advife,  for,  in,  and  con - 

*  cerning  the  publick  State,  as  Preparatives  to  his 
f  commanding  Judgment,  andPrefetvativesagainft 

*  the  common  Evil.  Romulus  therefore  refufed 
5  to  undergo  the  Burden  of  Government  alone, 

*  but  chofe  unto  htmfclf  a  hundred  Senators.  Tra- 

*  janui  called  his  Senate  his  Father;  for  as  the 

*  Father  doth  foretel  hts  Son  of  the  Good  or  111 

*  that  may  hthW  him,  fo  ought  the  Senaie  to  ad- 
'  monifh  the  Kingof  Things  profitab!e,and  unpro- 

*  fitable,  to  him  and  the  Slate.  The  Senate  there- 
'  fore  ought  to  know  the  Law,  the  Liberties,  the 
'  Cuftoms,   the  Ufe,  and  Difcipline,  wherewith 

*  the  State  is  governed ;  they  ought  not  only  to 

*  know  the  Means,  whereby  ihe  State  may  be 
'  beautified,    amplified,    and  prefervcd,    but  alfo 

*  how  the  fame  may  be  weakened,  impeached,  or 
'  fubverted;  they  ought  alfo  to  know,  what  is 
'  theMajefty,  Prerogative,  Greatnefs,  and  Jurif- 

*  dit^ion  of  a  King,  and  what  is  the  due  Right 
*■  and  Libeity  of  Subjects ;  for  tiiey  are  the  Mean, 

*  and  Judges  between  Force  and  Fear,  Liberty 
'  and  Servitude,    the  King  and  his  People,     A 

*  Counfellor  ought  therefore  to  be  temperate,  not 
»  paflionate  in  his  Affedlions  ;  moderate,  not 
'  tranf^iorted  v-ith  Appetites;  mortified  by  Years> 

*  not  inveigled  by  Youth  i  gnive  in  his  Behaviour, 

*  not  light  in  his  Condition  ;  juftly  wife  in  his  Ad- 

*  vice,  not  crrtfry  in  his  Counfel  i  virtuous  in  his 
*■  Converfotion,  not  vicious  in  bis  Difpofiiion:  A 

*  Counfellor   thus  complete,    is   ro  the  King  a 

*  warchful  Tower,  to  ihe  Law  a  graceful  Orna- 

*  ment,  to  Governmeni.  an  jbfoluie  Guide,  .md 
f  to   the  People  a  beloved  Oracle  >  but  if  he  be 

'  padionaie  in  'us  AlF^jCbons,   tranlported  in  his    " 
^  Appciiie.s  invdgleJ  hy  his  Youth,  light  in  his 
\  Condition,  crafty  m  his  Counfel,  and  vicious  in 

•  his 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     Tai 

*  bis  Difpofition  ;  then  becometh  be  to  the  King  ^^  j.  jj^^  ^_ 

*  a  regardlefs  and  walchleCs  Tower,  to  the  Law  a      1604. 

*  difgraceful  Blemifh,  to  the  Government  a  blind 
'  dillblute  Guide,  and  to  the  People  a  contemned 

*  fabulous  Deceiver. 
*  The  next  and  immediate  fubfequcnt  Place  in 

*  the  Commonwealth  hath  the  Magiftraie  ;  for  in 

*  vain  is  the  Laws  Direction,  the  King's  Com- 

*  mand,   and  the  Senate*s  Advice,  if  not  by  the 

*  Magidr^ite's  Difciplinc   executed  :    For    Laws, 

*  Command,  and  Advice  receive  not  their  Autho- 

*  riiy,  when  ihey  are  enafled,  given,  or  advifed, 

*  but  when  they  are  executed  j  not  when  they  are 
'  enabled,  but  whciuhey  areobfetved  ;  and  the re- 

*  fore  the  Commonwealth  doth  put  upon  theMa- 

*  giftraie  the  Perfon  of  Severity,  to  execute  the 

*  Laws  Dire^ion,   Prince's  Command,  and  the 

*  Senate's  Advice.     The  Rsmati  Magiftrate  tiiere- 

*  fore  raid,  my  Mother  hath  brought  me  into  the 

*  "World  of  mild  and  gentle  Difpofition,  SedRef- 

*  publica  me  fiverum  fecit:  For  Laws  are  delivered 

*  to  the  Magiftraie,  as  a  Sword,  to  cut  off  the 

*  Reins  of  licentious  Liberty;  but  if  the  Magiftrate 

*  keep  it  (heaihed  or  rufty,  is  there  any  that  will  dread 

*  the  Correction  of  fo  fheathed  or  rufty  aWeapon  ? 

*  Secondly,  Laws  are  ordained  as  R  ules  or  Lines  of 

*  Mens  Lives ;  but  if  the  Magiftrate,  through  Fear 

*  or  Pity,  fhall  bend  tiiem  to  and  fro,  is  there  any 

*  Man  tliat  will  regard  folfriden  a  R'.le?  Thirdly, 
«  Laws  are  eftablifhed  as  Walls,  or  Forts,  or  De- 

*  fence  aBiinft    Diforder ;    but  if  the  Magiftrate 

*  fhall  fuffcr  ihem  to  melt  wiiJi  Favour,  or  rend 

*  afundcr  with  CorrupMon,  wi'l  not  all  Men  con- 

*  tcmn  fuch  Walls  of  Wsx,  orFnrts  of  Cobwebs.' 

*  The  Memory  of  Nirvt.  his  Exiimple  approveth 

*  it  i  who,  through  tno  tender  a  Conceit  of  Pity, 

*  was  notpd  over-lparirg  in  PunJflimcnt  of  the 

*  People's  Infolciicics  ,  bui  in  the  End,  his  City 

*  thereby  grew  'nto  fuch  Ctntempi,  both  of  his 

*  Pcrfou  ;uid  Govtrnmcnt,   th-\t  of  him  it  was 

*  faid,  Th:it  better  it   were  fur  all  good  Men  to 
<  live  under  Uic  Govcnioieut  oi  £>i,mitia/t,  under 

*  whom 


1 3  a    The  Tarliamentarj  Histort 

^^-fii^"'**  whom  nothing  was  lawful,  than  under  NervSj 
where  alt  Things  were  lawful.  And  therefore 
theMagiftrate  ought  to  befcufis,juj}us,  etfirtis: 
Firft,  to  know  what  he  is  lo  execute ;  fecondly, 
to  be  juft  in  his  Execution;  and  thirdly,  not  to 
fear  the  Face  of  any,  in  that  he  ought  to  exe- 
cute i  for  he  is  the  living  Law,  and  the  Law  of 
the  dumb  Magiftrate  :  And  nothing  is  more  per- 
nicious in  the  Commonwealth,  than  an  ignorant, 
unjuft,  and  timorous  Magiftrate.  To  conclude, 
as  the  End  of  the  Sailor's  Endeavour  is  good 
Paflage,  the  Phyfician's  Travel,  Health,  the 
Captain's  Labour,  Viftory ;  fo  the  well  Difci- 
plining  of  the  People  ought  to  be  the  M-giftrate's 
true  Endeavour  ;  which  if  he  regardfully  per- 
form, then  bccometh  he  a  good  Pilot,  a  provi- 
dent Phyfician,  a  viftorious  Captain,  and  a  jull 
wcll-deferving  Magiftrate ;  but  if  he  be  ignorant, 
remifs,  timorous^  unjuft,  or  corrupt ;  then  is 
he  10  the  Life  of  the  Law  a  deathful  Murrhercr, 
to  ihe  Soul  of  the  King's  Juftice  a  betraying 
Teacher,  to  the  Virtue  of  Senates  Advice  a  de- 
ceiving Evil,  and  to  the  Body  of  the  Common- 
wealth a  devouring  Wolf. 
*  A  People,  by  the  DireOion  of  fuch  Laws, 
by  the  Grace,  Wifdom,  and  Juftice  of  fuch  a 
King,  by  the  Advice  of  fuch  a  Senate,  and  by 
the  Difcipline  of  fuch  M-igiftratcs,  governed,  if 
not  then  loyal  and  obedient,  are  rather  the 
Whelps  of  Wofves,  than  Sons  of  Men;  rather 
Monfters  of  Nature,  than  Creatures  of  Reafon ; 
nay,  more  Devils  in  Condition,  than  Profeflbrs 
of  Religion :  From  the  Corruption  of  whith 
S  Error  your  Majefty  (hall  ever  approve  us  to  be 
as  free,  as  Virtue  is  from  Vice.  And  though, 
during  the  Time  of  ihefe  our  Parliiimcnt  Coun- 
fels,  we  have,  through  the  Warrant  of  our  long 
coniinued  Privilege,  your  gracious  Approbation 
thereof,  your  Patience  in  hearing,  your  Wifdona 
in  diCcerning,  your  Juftice  in  adjudging,  and 
your  Clemency  in  relieving,  prefumed  of  you, 
as  of  our  King,  but  more  of  yoU|  as  of  our 

*  good 



good  King,  nay  moft  of  all  of  you,  as  a  moft  ^n,  i.  juna  i. 
abiblutc  good  Man,  to  propound,  difputc,  aflcnt, 
and difaflent,  freely;  to  implore  your  royal  Pro- 
icftion  of  our  long- continued  Liberties,  your 
gracious  relieving  of  our  Burdens  (not  by  Autho- 
riiy  impofed,  but  by  the  Corruption  of  bafe  Of- 
ficers extorted)  and  your  dilcerning  Confidcration 
of  our  feared  Dangers;  wherein  akhough  we 
have  proceeded  without  Flattery  or  Cowardice 
(the  one  never  being  a  true  Counfellor,  nor  the 
other  a  good  Subjett)  yet  halh  the  feme  been 
without  Hearts  or  Minds  Thought,  either  to 
dil^afle  your  gracious  Plcafurc,  or  to  detradl 
ought,  that  in  Right,  Honour,  or  PreroEaiive, 
yourfelf  in  your  great  Wifdom  fliould  affeft  as 
good:  For  your  Glory  is,  and  muft  be,  our  Ho- 
nour, your  Greatncfsour  Protcftion,  your  A* 
bundance  our  Riches,  your  Safety  our  Security, 
your  Content  our  Joy ;  otherwife  were  we  wor- 
thily unworthy  of  the  Bleflings  of  the  Religion, 
of  the  Peace,  of  the  Safety,  of  the  Grace,  and, 
generally,  of  all  the  Fruits  of  Hsppincfs,  which 
by  you,  from  you,  and  under  you,  we  do,  and 
hope  ever  to  poOefs.  And  as  out  of  your  prince- 
ly Grace  you  pleafed  (to  our  exceeding  Hearts 
Comfort)  to  fay,  that  you  more  joyed  to  be 
King  of  fuch  Subjects,  than  to  be  King  over 
many  Kingdoms ;  fo  do  we,  with  true  Zeal  and 
Faith,  protefl:  more  to  joy  in  being  the  Subjects 
of  fuch  a  King,  than  in  the  Freedom  of  any 

■  Liberty,  which  we  (hall  ever  with  our  Hearts 
Life  Blood  endeavour  to  approve  againft.  all  Op- 
pofcrs  and  Oppofition:  And  as  God  let  him  en- 
dure the  Torment  of  ever  dying  Death,  that 
otherwife  Oiall  in  Mind  conceit,  or  in  Heart 
confent;    fo  let  him  live  hatefully  to  God  and 

■  Man»  that  fhall  endeavour,  or  occafion  in  the 

■  leaft,  to  impeach  and  violate  fo  royal  and  loyal  a 

■  Conjundlion  between  a  Head  fo  abfdutely  pecr- 
'  Icfs,  and  a  Body  fo  faiihlulty  loyal  And  altho' 
•  your  Majefty,    more   (ecking   to   enrich  your 

Treafure  with  the  Hearts  and  Minds  of  us  your 

*  Sub- 


124    ^^  Tarliamentary  History 

,       *  •  Subjefls,   than  with  the  Money  and  Treafure  of 

An.  2.  lames  I. ,  ''nV-.  it  c  •■ 

1604.  our  Purfes,  have  lately,  out  of  your  abundant 

*  Grace,  prevented  our  concluding  to  prefent  you 

*  with  a  Subfidy  of  Crowns  and  Coin,  being  but 

*  a  Bloflbm  of  the  fruitful  ever-bearing  Tree  of 

*  our  abundant  Love,  Loyalty,  and  Duty  (which 

*  we  fooner  {hall  leave  to  live,  than  leave  unper- 

*  formed)  yet  givie  ua  leave  (of  all  other  moft  wor- 

*  thy  to  be  beloved  Sovereign)  not  only  io  prefent 
'  you  with  our  humble  and  dutiful  Thanks,  but 

*  alfo  to  prefent  you  with  five  Subfidies,  of  far 
'               *  more  precious  Price  and  Worth:    i.  The  firft 

*  confifting  of   many  Millions   of   affe£lionated 

*  Hearts  to  love  you:    z.  Of  Number  of  loyal 

*  Minds  to  obey  you :    3.  Of  as  many  zealous 
'  Spirits  to  pray  for  you :   4.  Of  as  equal  propor- 

*  tinned  Hands  to  fight  for  you:  5.  And  with  the 
'  Treafure  of  the  whole  Kingdom  to  fupply  you  i 

*  which  the  World  (hall  both  feel  and  know, 

*  when,  where,  and  againft  whom  whatfoever, 
'  your  Majefty  ftiall  be  pleafed  to  difpofe  and  com- 

*  mand  us.    This  we  profefs,  proteft.and  prefent, 

*  neither  out  of  fervile  Fear,  nor  bafe  Flattery, 

*  both  hateful  to  a  King  fo  abfolute,  wife,   mag- 

*  nanimous,  and  gracious;  but  out  of  our  endlefs 

*  Loves,  Duties,  and  Loyalties,  whereunto  Death 

*  only,  and  noi^ht  elfe  but  Death,  (hall  be  of 

*  Force  to  give  End.* 

There  is  no  Speech  of  the  King's,  or  the  Lord 
Chancellor,  entered,  for  this  Time,  in  cither 
Journal',  and  no  more  is  fa  id,  in  the  Lords,  than, 
that  the  Lord  Chancellor  by  the  King's  Com- 
mand, prorogued  this  Parliament  to  the  7th  Day 
of  February^  next  enfuing. 

Notwifhftanding  the  great  Affair  of  the  Vnien 
was  (till  obftrufted,  though  the  King  laboured  hard 
to  bring  it  about ;  yet,  by  the  Advice  of  his  Coun- 

Sia^r?  Pro!  *^'''  ^^  ^^^  ^*^''  ^^^^  proclaimed  King  of  Great 
ci«mtion/tob«^^''^^'2m,  France  and  Ireland^  thai  the  Names  of 
King  of  Crtet  England  and  Scotland  might  from  henceforth  bi? 
Briwn,  &c.      extin^.   Scoltijb  Coins  were  made  Current,  and  the 



0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       iij 

Arms  of  both  Kingdoms  quartered,   on  all  Stand-  An.  i.  Jatw? 
ards.  Military  and  Civil,  througliout  both  ihc  Na-       1604- 
tions.     Peace  was  alfo  proi-laira'd  here  between 
£«^/tf;/^and  Spah,,  on  the  5lh  of  Juguj}^  1 604  (.-j.  p,,^,^-jhsp«n. 

The  Parliament  met  the  7  th  of  February^  accord-  .       „ 
ing  to  Prorc^tion,  and  were  prorogued  by  Com-        1605. 
miflion,  10  the  id  of  OHobtr,     At  which  Time-^^  weftmioftcr. 
they  were  again  prorogued,    in  the  fame  Manner, 
to  the  5th  of  Nffuembif  following;   and  on  that 
Day,  to  the  9th  of  the  faid  Month. 

During  which  laft  mentioned  Periods,  was  dif- 
covered  the  deepcft  and  blackeft  Plot  that  ever  was 
laid  againit  King  and  Kingdom :  So  vile  and  exe- 
crable in  its  Nature,  that  no  Religion  could  tole- 
rate, nor  no  Caule  whatfoever  give  a  Sanation  to 
it.  The  Reader  will  prefeiuly  Comprehend  that 
ihc  infamous  GuH-Pou'ti'eT-^/cr  is  here  meant  i  the-p,^  ,,  . 
Account  of  which  is  fo  amply  given  by  all  our  piot  diISK*d/ 
Englijh  Hiftorians.  It  has  been  pretended  indeed 
by  (ome,  that  this  was  a  fliam  Plot  from  the  Be- 
gmning,  and  it  hns  been  called  C"ev//'&  Plot ;  by 
others,  that  the  King  and  Miniftry  were  well  in- 
formed of  the  whole  Contrivance  of  it  from  the 
iirft,  and  only  waited  to  fee  how  many  would 

i'oin  in  the  Dcvilifli  Scheme, -But,  'as  the 
iulinefs  of  the[e  Enquiries,  is  only  to  give  the 
Senfe  of  an  EngHjh  Parliament^  on  this  formidable 
Affair,  we  fliall  leave  any  further  Animadvcrfions 
upon  ic;  and  go  on  with  the  Proceedings  of  this 
lecond  Seflion  of  the  firft  Parhamcnt  in  tJiis  Reign. 
\v\  the  "JouTnah  of  the  Commomj  No-uembtr  5th, 
we  find  this  Entry.     *  This  laft  Night  the  Upper 

*  Houfe  of  Parliament  was  fearched  by  Sir  Thomas 
'  Kuevett ;  and  one  Johnjictiy  Servant  to  Mr.  Tbo- 

*  mas  Percyt\  was  there  apprchmded ;    who  had 

*  placed  ihirty-fix  Barrels  of  Gun-Powder  in  the 

*  Vault  under  the  Houfe,  with  a  Purpole  to  blow 

*  up  the  King  and  the  whole  Company  when  ihey 

*  ftiould  there  ^cmble. -Afterwards,  divers  o- 

*  thcr  Gentlemen  wercdifcovered  10  be  of  the  Plot.' 


(«]  Xf7^«n'iLUe  of  King  JanutU  ud  CjisJen's  AstaaU.      , 

Am.  3.  Janjca  I, 

The  Lcrds  Jcnmah  tell  us»  That  on  the  9th  of 
'NovtmbsTy  the  Houfe  being  met,  and  the  King 
feated  on  the  Throne,  the  Lord  Chancellor  opened 
the  Scflion,  with  giving  fome  Account  o(  what  had 
pafled  between  theCommiflioncrs  of  England  and 
Sistlanti^  at  their  late  Meeting,  according  to  an  Aft 
made  for  that  Purpofe  lait  Seffion  of  Parliament. 
Afterwards,  he  prefented  to  his  Majefty  and  the 
Houfe  two  Gjpiesof  theTfipart'rtcWriiings  agreed 
on  (p)y  one  of  which  was  delivered  openly  to  the 
Cleric  of  Parliament,  to  be  kept  in  his  Cuftody  till  a 
fariher  Proceeding  in  that  Bufinefs.  He  then  made 
aRelauoa  of  the  moll  wicked  and  horribleTreafon 
ever  heard  of;  intended  againfthis  Majefty  and  the 
whole  Slate;  which  was  purpoled  to  have  been 
put  in  Execution  on  Tue/day,  the  sih  Inflanf,  the 
iirll  Day  of  this  SeiTion,  holden  by  Prorogation. 

The  Lord  Chancellor  having  ended,  the  King 
began  to  tell  the  Houfe,  that  he  came  there,  at  this 
Time,  fconlrary  10  the  Cuflom  of  any  of  hisprc- 
deceflbrsj  at  the  Beginning  of  any  Scflion  of  Par- 
liament, hoUen  by  Prorogalion)  on  Purpole  to  re- 
ceive iheWrifing  which  had  jufl:  then  been  delivered 
in  ;  that  no  Stop  might  be  put  to  that  Proceeding, 
Afterwards  hisMajelty  made  an  ample  Declaration 
to  boih  Houfts,  of  the  late  moft  horrible  Trcafon, 
in  the  following  Speech  from  the  Throne.  {^) 


(f>)  I.  For  the  King  :  i.  The  IVliameat  of  En^fand:  j.TJw 
Pariiamcnt  of  Sc^tfand. 

(^1  TSii  Sppcch  JB  taken  from  a  Goolc  entiOcd,  A Difaurfe 
if  the  Maintr  of  ibt  Dijtovcy  ef  lJ)i'l  Utc  iuttndtd  'Tieafin,  join* 
id  wr/A  ths  Examinati oa  trf  feme  tf  ibe  Prifincri.  (ImprinKd  it 
I^mJun,  by  Rcbert  Barktr,  Printer  lo  the  King'*  MoR  HxccUent 
Majelty,  j^nno  iGoj.)     And  ii  compir'd  b,'  the  Lcrdi  Jium^li, 

The  Emk^idors  of  Sfaiit  and  th«  Archduke  of  i^ujUn'a  were 
pTcfffnt  In  (IP  Houfe  at  this  SpMch  j  according  ta  Edrnand  //own, 
the  Cnmiiiuacor  of  Jai'Ji  Sciwe'a  ciirunicie. 

O/homf  tclh  us,  '  That  alter  this  happy  KfcoTcry,  his  CalMic 
'  M  jrfty  fcnt  an  Agent  on  purpofe  to  Cexgrai-jiatc  Kin^  Jama  bis 

*  great  i'wfepvation.     A  FUttcry   fo   palpable,  as  the  tepe  could 

*  mu   njfrain  Laughing  in  tbc  F^ce  of  Cardinal  D'OJfst  when  h« 
■  firft  told  It  htmj    nir  h?  forticir  to  irfono  his  King  of  it,  as 

*  rmy  be  found  in  Kit  printed  Ljtters :   It  bein^  noturioLij,  that  at 

*  Kirfci  Jaiisa  hit  firrt  AHumption  to  the  Throne  iS  Engiatdf  noM 
'  fougiii  Ml  DeAruffion  mote  ei-irdiBlly  than  ihe  S^rtlard^' 

OyW«*s  McntoriiJf  c!  King  ^taxfu    Sre,  p.  4ii' 

N  D. 


My  Lards  Spiritual  and  Temporal,  and  You  /^^An.  s.^mesl 
Knigbts  and  Bttrgejfes  of  this  Parhamnt  ;  ^    ^* 

*  T  T  was  far  from  my  Thoughts,  *iill  very  late- The  King'. 

*  1^    ly  before  my  Coming  to  this  Place,  thatSp"<^'*P*'"t^' 

*  this  Subject  (hould  have  been  miniftred  unto  me»^"*''*** 

*  whereupon  I  am  now  to  fpcak.    But  now  it  fo 

*  falleth  out,  That  whereas  in  the  preceding  Sef- 

*  fion  of  this  Parliament,  iheprincifKilOccaJion  of 

*  my  Speech  was,  to  thank  and  congra:uIate2llyou 

*  of  this  Houie,  and  in  you,  all  the  whole  Com- 

*  mbn-wealth  fas  being  the  reprefcntarivc  Body  of 

*  the  State)  for  your  10  willing,  and  loving  rcceiv- 
'  ing,  and  embracing  of  me  in  that  Place,  which 

*  God  and  Nature,  by  Deltcnt  of  Blood,  had  in 

*  his  own  Time  provided  for  mc  :  So  now  my 
«  Subjeft  is,  to  fpeak  of  a  far  greater  Thankigiving 

*  than  before  I  gave  ic  you,  being  to  a  far  greater 

*  Perfon,  which  is  to  God,  for  the  great  and  mi- 

*  raculous  Delivery  he  hath  a:  this  Tune  granted 

*  to  me,  and  to  you  all,  and  confequently  to  the 

*  whole  Body  of  this  Eftaie.* 
*  1  muft  therefore  begin  with  this  old  and  moft 

*  approved  Sentence  in  Divinity,  Miiiricordia  Dei 

*  Jupratmnia  Optra  ejin.     For  Almighty  God  did 

*  not  lurnifh  10  great  Matter  to  his  Glory,  by  the 

*  Creation  of  this  great  World,  as  he  did  by  tlie 

*  Redemption  of  the  fame.    Neither  did  his  Gcnc- 
'  ration  of  ihe  hrtle  World,  in  our  old  and  firft 

*  Ad&m.  fo  much  fet  forth  the  Praifes  of  God  in 

*  his  Juftice  and  Mercy,  as  did  our  Regeneration 

*  in  the  laft  and  lecond  Adam,^ 

'  And  now  I  muft  crave  a  little  Pardon  of  you, 

*  f  That  fince  Kings  arc  in  the  Word  of  God  it- 

*  felf  called  Gods,  as  being  his  Lieurcnants  and 

*  Vicegerents  on  Earth,  and  fo  adorned  and  fur- 

*  niihed  with  fome  Sparkles  of  the  Divinity  \)  to 

*  compare  fome  of  the  Works  of  God  the  Great 

*  King  towards  the  whole  and  general  World,  to 

*  tome  of  his  Works  towards  me,  and  this  little 

*  World  of  my  Dominions,  compafled  and  fevered 

*  by  the  Sea  from  U:e  Reft  of  the  Earth.    For 

ia8     ne  Farliamentary  Histort 

An.3.  jamcjL*  as  God,  for  the  juft  Puniftimenr  of  the  firft 
1605.        «  great  Sins  in  the  original  World,    when  the 
'  Sons  of  God  went  in  unto  ihe  Daughters  of  Men, 
'  and  the  Cup  of  their  Iniquities  of  all  Sorts  was 
'  filled,  and  heaped  up  to  the  full,  did  by  a  general 

*  Deluge    and  Overflowing  of  Waters,    baptize 

*  the  World  to  a  general  Deftrudtion,   but  not 

*  to  general  Purgation  :  (only  excepted  Nsab  and 

*  his  Family,   who   did   repent  and  believe   the 

*  Threatenings  of  God's  Judgment)  :  So  now, 

*  when  the  World  (hall  wax  old  as  a  Garment, 

*  and  that  all  the  Impieties  and  Sins  that  can  be^ 

*  devifed  againft  both  the  firll  and  fecond  Tabic 
'  have,  and  fhall  be  committed  to  ihe  full  Meafure;' 
'  God  is  to  punifh  the  World  the  fecond  Time 
'  by  Fire,  to  the  general  Deftru^ion  and  not  Pur- 

*  gation  thereof.  And,j£s  it  was  done  in  the 
«  former  to  Noah  and  hislfemily  by  the  Waters  % 

*  (o  lliill  all  we  thai  believe  be  likewife  purged, 
'  and  not  dcftroyed  by  the  Fire.     In  the  lite  Sort,j| 
'   I  Ja;y,  I  may  juftly  compare  thefe  two  great  and 
'  fearful  Dooms-Days,  wheiewith  God  threatened 

*  to  deftroy  me,  and  all  you  of  this  little  World 
'  that  have  Intcrell  in  me.     For  although  I  con- 

*  fefs,  as  all  Mankind.  To  chieflv  Kings,  as  being 

*  in  (he  higher  Places  like  the  high  Trees,  or  ftay- 
'  eft  Mountain.'-;,  and  fleepeft  Rocks,  are  moftfub- 

*  jetl  to  the  Jai^y  Tempcils  of  innumerable  Dan- 
'  ger^i  and  I  ainongft  ail  oiher  Kings,  have  ever 

*  been  iUbjedt  unto  them,  not  only  evrr  fince  my 
'  Jijrth,  but  even  as  1  may  juftly  f^y,  before  my 
'  Birth,  and  while  1  was  yet  in  my  Mather's  Bcl- 

*  ly  :  Yet  have  I  been  expofed  to  two  more  fpecial 

*  and  greater  Dangers  than  all  the  rcll.* 
'  The  fiift  of  them,   in  the  Kingdom  where  I 

*  was  born,  and  pafied  the  firft  Part  of  my  Life  ; 
'  And  tJie  iaft  of  them  hertf,  which  is  the  greateft. 
'  In  the  former,  1  (hould  have  been  baptized  in 

*  Blood,  and  in  my  Deitrudion,  not  only  the 
J  Kingdom,  wherein  I  then  was,  but  ye  alio  by 
'  your  future  Intereft,  ihould  have  taftcd  of  my 
"  Ruine.    Yet  it  pleafcd  God  to  deliver  me,  as  it 

*  worcf 


*  were,  from  the  very  Brink  of  Death,  from  thc^-  ^'J"°^  '" 
'  Point  of  the  Dagger,  and  ib  purge  mc  by  nny        '    ^ 

*  thankful  Acknowledgment  of  ib  great  a  Benefit. 

*  But  in   this  which   did  fo  latclv  fall  out,  and 

*  whkh  Deftruftion  was  prepared  not  for  mc  alone, 

*  but  for  you  al!  that  are  here  prefent,  and  wherc- 

*  in  no  Rank,  Age,  or  Sex  fliould  luve  been  fpa- 
■  red  :  This  was  not  a  crying  Sin  of  Blood  as  the 

*  former;  but  it  may  wdl  be  called  a  roaring,  nay^ 

*  a  ihunderlrg  Sin  of  Fire  and  Hrimftone,  from  the 

*  which  God  hath  fo  miraculoufly  delivered  us  all, 

*  What  can  I  fpeak  of  this,  1  know  not ."  Nay 
'  rather,  what  can  I  not  fpeak  of  it?  And  there- 

*  fore  I  muft  for  Horror  fay  with  tfie  Poet ;  /^tfx 

*  Faucibui  h^ret* 

*■  In  this  great  and  horrible  Attempt,  whereof 

*  the  hke  was  never  either  heard  or  read  ;  I  obfetvc 

*  three  wonderful,  or  rather  miraculous  Events.*  * 

'  Firft,  in  the  Cruelty  of  the  Plot  itfisif;  where- 

*  in  cannot  be  enough  admired  the  horrible  and 

*  fearful  Cruelty  of  their  Device,  which  was  not 

*  only  for  the  Dcftruflion  of  Iny  Pcrfon,  nor  of 

*  my  Wife  and  Pofterity  only»  but  of  the  whole 
'  Body  of  the  Siaic  hi  general ;   wherein  fhould 

*  neither  have  been  fparcd,  or  Diftinftion  made  of 
'  Young  nor  of  Old,  of  Great  nor  of  Small,  of 

*  Man  nor  of  Woman  :  The  whole  NobiJiiy ; 

*  the  whole  Reverend  Clergy,  Bifhops,  and  moft: 

*  Part  of  the  good  Preachers  i    the  moft  Part  of 

*  the  Knights  and  Gentry  ;  yea,  and  if  that  any 

*  in  this  Society  were  Favourers  of  their  Profef- 
*■  fion,  they  fliould  all  have  gone  one  Way  :  The 

*  whole  Judges  of  the  Land,  with  muft  of  the 

*  Lawyers  and  the  whole  Clerks  :   And  as   the 

*  Wretch  himlelf  that  is  in  the  Tower,  ooth  con- 

*  fel»,  it  waspurpofely  dcvifcd  by  them,  and  con- 

*  eluded  to  be  done  in  this  Houfe :  That  where 

*  the  cruel  Laws  (as  thu-y  fay)  were  made  againft 
'  tlieir  Religion,  both  Place  and  Perfons  Ciould  all 

*  be  djftroyed  and  blown  up  at  once.     And  then 

*  confider  therewithal  the  cruel  Sort  of  that  Prac- 
'  Vol.  V.  1  *  ticej' 

An.  J.  jtraB  I. «  tice:  For  by  three  different  Sorts,  in  general,  may 
1605.        (  Mankind  be  pur  to  Death.' 

*  The  Firftjby  other  Men»  and  reafonable  Crea- 

*  turcs,  which  is  leaft  cruel  ;  for  ilien  both  De- 

*  fence  of  Men  againft  Men  may  be  expcfted,  and 

*  likewife  who  knowelh  what  Pity  God  may  Ilir 
'  up  in  the  Hearts  of  the  Ati^ors  at  the  very  In- 

*  ftant  ?    Befides  the  many  Ways    and  Means, 

*  whereby  Men  may  cfcape  in  fuch  a  prcfent 

*  Fury/ 

*  And  the  fecond  Way  more  cruel  than  that,  is 
'  by  Animal  and  unreafonable  Creatures:  For  as 
'  they  have  lefs  Pity  than  Men,  fo  it  is  a  greater 
'  Horror,  and  more  unnatural  for  Men  to  deal 
'  with  them  :  But  yet  with  them  both  Refiftance 

*  may  avail,  and  alfo  fome  Pity  may  be  had  i  as 

*  was  in  the  Lions,  In  whofe  Den  Daniel  was 

*  thrown  i  or  thai  thankful  Lion,  that  had  the 

*  Roriwn  Slave  tn  his  Mercy. 

*  But  the  Third,  the  moft  cruel  and   unmer- 

*  ciful  of  all,  is  the  Deflrudbon  by  infenfible  and 

*  inanimate  Things,;  and  amongft  them  a!l»  the 
'  moft  cruel  are  the  two  Elements  of  Water  and 

*  Fire  ;  and  of  thofc  two  the  Fire  moft  raging  and 

*  mercilefs.* 
'  Secondly,  How  wonderful  it  is  when  you  (hall 

*  think    upon   the  fmull,  or  ratl^er  no  Ground* 

*  v'hereupon  ihePradlifers  were  enticed  to  invent 
'  ihis  Tragedy.  For  if  thefe  Conlpirators  had 
'  only  been  Bankrupt  Pcrfons,  or  Difcontented 
'  upon  Occafiun  of  .'sny  Diigrace  done  unto  them  i 

*  this  might  have  fecmcd  to  have  been  but  a  Work 

*  of  Revenge.  But  for  my  own  Parr,  as  I  fcarce- 
'  ly  ever  knew   any  of  them  ;  fo  cannot   they 

*  alledge  fo  much  as  a  pretended  Caufe  of  Grief: 

*  And  the  Wretch  himfelf,  in  Bands,  doih  confefs, 
'  l*hat  there  was  no  Caufe  moving  him  or  them, 

*  but  mceriy  and  only  Religion.  And  fpecially, 
'  that  Chriftian  Men,  at  Icaft  fo  called,  Englijh' 

.    •  men,  born  within  the  Country,  (r)  and  one  of 

*  the 

[ri  This  waa  Tba,  Prry,  Ef^  one  of  ihc  Band  of  Geiitletnc« 

Of   ENGLAND.     13I: 

*  the  Specials  of  them,  my  fworn  Servajit  in  an  Ao.  3.  j*oi«  J. 

*  honourable  Place,  flioufd  praftice  the  Deftruc*       ifi^s- 

*  tion  of  ihcir  King,  his  Pofteriiy,  their  Country 
'  and  all  i  wherein  their  following  Obftinacy  is 
'  fb  joined  to  their  former  Malice,  as  the  Fellow 
'  himfelf  that  is  in  Hand,  cannot  be  moved  to 
'  difcover  any  Signs  or  Notes  of  Repentance;  ex- 
-  cept  this,  that  he  doth  yet  Hand  to  avow,  that 
'  he  j-epcnts  only  for  not  being  able  to  perform 

his  Intent 

'  Thirdly,  The  Difcovcry  hereof  is  notaliitle 
wonderful,  which  would  be  thought  the  more 

miraailous  bv  you  all,  if  you  were  as  weU  ac- 
quainted with  my  natural  DiJpoGtion,  as  thofc 
arc  who  be  ticar  about  me.  For  as  I  ever  did 
hold  Sufpicion  to  be  the  Sicknefs  of  a  Tyrant  j 
fo  was  I  fo  far  upon  the  other  Extremity,  as 
I  rather  contemned  all  Advertifements,  or  Ap- 
prehenfions  of  Practices.  And  yet  now,  at  this 
Timcj  was  I  fo  far  contrary  to  myfelf,  as 
when  the  Letter  was  fliewcd  to  me  by  my 
Secretary,  wherein  a  general,  obfcure  Advertife- 
ment  was  given  of  feme  dangerous  Blow  at 
this  Timej  I  did  upon  the  Inlbnt  interpret  and 
apprehend  fume  dark  Phrafes  therein,  contrary 
to  the  ordinary  Grammar-Conftruttion  of  thcm» 
(and  in  another  Sort  than  I  am  fure  any  Divine, 
or  Lawyer  in  any  Univerfity  would  have  ta- 
ken thcm^  10  be  meant  by  this  horrible  Form 
of  Blowing  us  up  all  hy  Powder  j  and  there- 
upon ordered  that  Search  to  be  made,  where- 
by the  Matter  was  dilcovered,  and  the  Man  ap- 
prehended •  Whereas  if  I  had  apprehended  of 
interpreted  il  to  any  other  Sort  of  Danger,  no 
worldly  Provifion  or  PreveniiMi  could  have 
made  us  efcapc  our  utter  Deftrui^ion  ! ' 
*  And  in  that  Cafe,  tiiere  was  a  wonderful 
Providence  of  God,  that  when  the  Party  him- 
felf was  taken,  he  was  but  new  come  out  of  his 
Houfe  from  Working,  having  his  Fire-work  foC 
kindling  ready  in  his  Pocket  j  wherewith,  as  he 
confefTeth,  if  he  had  been  taken  but  immediatety 
la  •  bs- 


13a     TheTariiamentary  HisfORT 

An.  3.  Jaw>  I.  *  before,  when  he  was  in  the  Houfe>  be  was  refol- 

1605.       *  vdd  to  have  blown  up  himfelf  with  his  Takers/ 

'  One  Thing,  for  my  own  Part  have  I  Caufe 

*  to  thank  God  in ;  That  if  God,  for  our  Sins, 

*  had  fuffered  their  wicked  Intents  to  have  prevail- " 
'  ed,  it  ftiould  never  have  been  fpoken  nor  written 
'  in  Ages  fuccecding,  that  I  had  died  inglorioufly 

'  in  an  Ale-houfe,  a  Stews,  or  fuch  vile  Place  ; 

*  but  mire  End  {hould  have  been  with  the  moft 
'  Honourable  and   beft  Company,    and  in   that 

*  moft  Honourable  and  fitteft  Place  for  a  King  to 

*  be  in,  for  doing  the  Turns  moft  proper  to  his 

*  Office  *.  And  the  more  have  We  all  Caufe  to 

*  thank  and  magnify  God  for  this  his  merciful  De- 
'  livery.  And  fpecially  I  for  my  Part,  that  he 
'  hath  given  me  yet  once  Leave,  whatfocver  (hould 
'  come  of  me  hereafter,  to  afi'emWe  you  in  this 

*  Honourable  Place  j  and  here  in  this  Place,  where 
'  our  general  Deftruftion  fhould  have  been,  to 
'  magnify  andpraife  him  for  our  general  Delivery  > 

*  that  I  may  juftly  now  fay  of  mine  Enemies  and 
'  yours,  as  David  doth  often  fay  in  the  P/alms,  In~ 

*  ci^srunt  in  Foveam,   quam  fecerunt.     And  fince 

*  Ssipio  an  Ethhick^  led  by  the  Light  of  Nature, 

*  that  Day  when  he  was  accufed  by  the  Tribunes 

*  of  the  People    of   Rome,  for   mifpending  and 

*  Wafting  in  \mPumck  Wars  the  City's  Treafure, 

*  even  upon  the  fuddcn  brake  out  with  that  Diver- 
'  fion  of  them  from  that  Matter,  calling  them  to 
^  Remembrance  how  that   Day  was  the  Day  of 

-     •  the  Year,  wherein   God  hath  given   them  U> 

*  great  a  Viflory  againft  Hannibal;  and  therefore 

*  it  was  fitter  for  them  all,  leaving  other  Matten 

*  to  run  to  the  Temple  to  praile  God  for  thai  to 

*  great  Delivery,  which  the  People  did  all  follow 

*  with  one  Applaufe:   How  much  more  Caufe 

*  have  we,  thai  are  Chriftians,  to  beftow  this  Time 
'  in   this  Place  for  Thankfgiving  to  God  for  bb 

*  great  Mercy,  tho*  we  had  h*d  no  other  Errand 

*  of  AHembling  here  at  this  Time  ;  wherein  If  X 
'  have  fpoken  more  like  a  Divine,  than  would  feem 
'  to  belong  to  thi$  Place,  the  Matter  it  felf  midlr 

•  plead 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       133 

•   ptead  for  mine  Excufe :  For  being  here  come  to  An.  3.  ;«mn  T.' 
^    lb;;nl;  God  Tor  a  Divine  Work  of  his  Mercy  ;        J«os. 
iiow  can  I  rpeak  of  this  Deliverance  of  us  froni 
ib  hcliifh  a  I'rafticc,  fo  well,  as  in  Language  of 
Divinity,  which  is  the  direft  oppofite  to  10  dam- 
nable an  Intention?  And  therefore  may  I  juftly 
end  th:9  Purpolc,  as  I  did  begin  it  with 'this  Sen- 
tence, The  ofGcdis  abo^c  cUhis  Works* 
'  It  retleth   now,  that  I  fbculd  mform  you 
Z^Kit  is  to  be  done  hereafter,  upon  the  Occafion 
'ofthis  horrible  and  ftrange  Accident.  As  for  vour 
T^it,  thai  arc  my  faithful  and  loving  huhjeds 
of  all  Degree?,  I  know  that  your  Hciiris  are  lb 
l)uint  up  with  Zeal   in  this  Errand,  and  your 
Tongues  (b  ready  to  utter  your  duti'ul  AfF<;C- 
tions,  and  your  Hands  and  Feet  to  bent  lo  con- 
<ur  in  the  Execution  thereof,   (for  which  as  1 
nred  not  to  fpur  you,  fu  can  I  not  but  ptaile 
you  for  the  iamej  As  it  may  very  well  l>e  pof- 
Sble,  that  the  Zeal  of  your  Hearts  fhall  make 
Ibme  of  you  in  your  Speeches,  rafhiy  to  blame 
fuch  as  may  be  innocent  of  this  Attempt.    But 
vpon  the  other  Part  I  wifh  you  to  confider,  that 
I  would  be  forry   that  any  being  innocent  of 
this  Pra(5\ice,  either  domeftical  or  foreign,  ftiould 
receive  Blame  ot  Harm  for  the  fame.     For  al- 
though it  cannot  be  denied,  That  it  was   the 
only  blind  Supertlttion  of  their  Errors  in  Rehgion, 
that  led  ilicm  to  this  defperate  Device;  yet  doth 
it  not  follow,  That  all  profefTmg  that  Remijh 
Religion  were  guilty  of  the  fame.     For  as  it  is 
true.  That  no  other  Se^  of  Hercticks,  not  ex- 
cepting Ttiriy  ^(W,  nor  Pagan,  no  not  even 
thofe  of  Calicute  who  adore  the  Devil,  did  ever 
maintain   by  the  Grounds   of    their    Religion, 
That  it  was  lawful,  or  rather  meritorious  (as 
the  RoniiJ}}  Caiholicks  call  it)  to  murder  Princes 
or  People  for  Qiiarrel  of  Religion.     And  al- 
though particular  Men  of  all  Profeffions  of  Re- 
li-;ion  have  been  lame  Thieves,  fome  Murthcrers, 
fome  Traitors ;  yet  ever   when    they  c:ime   to 
ll.cii  End  and  j'ift  Puniflimcntj   they  confcflcd 
i  3  '  tlieif 

^.  9  Jtmtt  I. , 

154    Tfye  Tarlsamentary  History 

their  Fault  to  be  in  Iheir  Nature,  and  not  in 

their  Profeflion  :  (thefe  Romijh  Catholicks  only 

■  excepted  )  Yet  it  is  true  on  the  other  Side,  That 

*  many  honeft  Men  blinded,  peradvcniure,  with 

*  fome  Opinions  of  Popery,  as  if  they  be  not 

*  found  in  the  Queftions  of  the  Real  Pnfetue,  or 

*  in  the  Number  of  the  Sacraments,  or  fome  iuch 

*  School  Queftion  ;  yet  do  they  cither  not  know, 

*  or  at  Icalt,  not  believe  all  the  true  Grounds  of 

*  Popery,  which  is  indeed,  77>f  MyJUr^  efJniqmfy. 

*  And  therefore  do  vvejuflly  confel's,  that  many 

*  Papifts,  efpecially  our  Fore-faihers,  hying  their 
'  only  Trufl  upon  ChriJ  and  hb  Merits  at  their 
'  hft  Breaih,  may  be,  and  often-times  are  faved  ; 

*  detefting  in  that  Point,  and  tliinking  the  Ciuclty 

*  of  Puritans  worthy  of  Fire,  that  will  admit  no 

*  Salvation  to  any  Pap.ji.  I  therefore  thue  do 
'  conclude  this  Point ;  That  as  upon  the  one  Part 

*  many  honeft  Men,  feduced  with  fome  Errors  of 

*  Popery,  may  yet  remain  good  and  faithfuj  Sub- 

*  je£^ts :  So  upon    ihe  oilier  Part,  none  of  Ehofe 

*  that  truly  know  and  believe  the  whole  Grounds, 

*  and  School  Concluhons  of  their  Dodrine,  can 

*  ever  prove  either  good  Chriftians,  or  f;iiibful  Sub- 

*  iefls.    And  for  the  Part  of  foreign  Princes  and 

*  States,   I  may  fo  much  the  more  acquit  them 

*  and  their  Minifters,  of  their  Knowledge  and 
'  Confent  to  any  Iuch  Villany  i    as  I  may  juilly 

*  fiy,  that  in  that  Point  I  better  know  all  Chrillian 

*  Kings  by  my  fclf,  that  no  King  nor  Priiacc  of 
'  Honour  wdl  ever  abafe  himfelf  to  much,  as  to 
'  think  a  good  Thought  of  fo  baCe  and  diflionour- 
'  able  a  Ti-eachery  :  Wiflijng  you  ibeiefore,  that 
'  as  God  h::th  given  me  an  happy  Peace  and  Ami- 
^  ty,  with  all  other  Chriftinn  Princes  my  Neigh- 
'  boursi  (as  was  even  mtw  very  gravely  told  you 
'  by  my  Lord  Chapcellor)  chat  fo  you  will   re- 

*  vcrcnily  judge  and  fpeak  of  ihcm  in  this  Cafe. 

*  And  for  my  Part  I  would  wifh  with  ihofe  an- 
«  tient  Phifofophtrs,  that  there  were  a  ChryH^il 
\  Window  in  my  Breaft,  wherein  all  my  People 

'\  Jiiight  fee  ihc  fccrcteft  Thoughts  of  my  Heart ; 

'  for 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      135 

for  then  might  you  all  fee  no  Alteration  in  my^a*  )• 
Mind  for  tbia  Accident,  further  than  in  tboie  '^ 
two  Points.  The  Firft,  Caution  and  Warincfs 
in  Government ,  to  difcover  and  fiarch  out  the 
Myfteries  of  this  Wickednefs  as  far  as  may  be  : 
The  other,  after  due  Trial,  Severity  of  Punifli- 
ment  upon  tbofe  that  may  be  found  guilty  of 
fo  deteftable  and  unheard-of  Villany.  And  now 
in  this  Matter,  if  1  have  troubled  your  Ezrs 
with  an  abrupt  Speech,  undigefted  in  any  good 
Method  or  Ordec;  *you  have  to  confider  that  an 
abrupt,  and  unadvifed  Speech  doth  beft  become 
the  Relation  of  fo  abrupt  and  unorderly  an 

'  And  although  I  have  ordained  Proroguing  of 
'^is  Parliament  until  after  Chrijlmas^  upon  two 
.  cefiary  Refpeas :  Whereof  the  firft  is,  Thftt 
neither  I  nor  my  Council  can  have  Leifure,  at 
this  Time,  both  to  take  Order,  for  the  A  pprehoifi- 
on  and  Trial  of  thefe  Confpiraton,  and  alfo  to 
wait  upon  the  daily  Affairs  of  the  Parliament, 
as  the  Council  muft  do :  And  the  other  Rea- 
Ibn  is,  the  NecefTity,  at  this  Time,  of  divers  of 
your  Prefences  in  your  Shires  that  have  Charges 
or  Commandments  there.  For  as  thefe  Wretches 
thought  to  have  blown  up  in  a  Manner  the 
whole  World  of  this  liland  ;  every  Man  being 
now  come  up  here,  either  for  publick  Caufes 
of  Puliament,  or  elfe  for  their  own  private 
Cauies  in  Law,  or  otherwife :  So  thefe  Rebels 
that  now  wander  through  the  Country,  could 
never  have  gotten  fo  fit  a  Time  of  &ifcty  in 
their  Parage,  or  whatfoever  unlawful  A£lions, 
as  now  when  the  Country  by  the  forefaid  Oc- 
calion  is  in  a  Manner  left  delblate,  and  waf^c 
unto  them.  Befides  that.  It  may  be  that  I 
ihall  defire  you  at  your  next  Seificn,  to  tak^i 
upon  you  the  Judgment  of  this  Crime :  for 
as  fo  extraordinary  a  Fa£t  deferves  extraordi- 
nary Judgment ;  fb  can  there  not  I  think  (fol- 
lowing even  their  own  Rule)  be  a  filter  Judg- 
ment ibr  them,  than  the}'  (houtd  be  meafuKed 

*  with 

1^6    Tb§  Tarliamentary  Histo&t 

An.  3.  Timet  r/  wUh  the  f^mc  Meafure  wtierewith  they  thought 
1S05.       '  to  meafure  us  j  and  that  the  fame  Place  and 

*  Pcrfons,  whom  ihey  thotjght  to  deftcoy,  fhould 
^  be  the  juft  Avengers  of  their  lb  unnatural  a 

*  Parricide :  Yet  not  knowing  that  I  will  have 
'  Occafion  to  meet  with  you,  myfelf,  in   this 

*  Place,  at  the  Beginning  of  the  next  Seffion  of 

*  this  Parliament  ;  (bccaufe  if  it  had  not  been 
'  for  delivering  of  the  Articles  agreed  upon  by 
*•  the  Commiflioners  of  the  Union,  which  was 
^  thought  moil    conve^ien^to  be  done  in  my 

*  Preferce,  where   both  Head  and  Members  of 

*  the  Parliament  were  met  together,  my  Prefence 
*•  had  not  otherwife  been  requilite  here  at  this 
^  Time)  1  have  therefore  tliought  good  for  Con- 

*  clufion  of  this  Meeting,   to  difcourfe   to  you 

*  fomewhat  anent  the  true  Nature  and  Oefiniclon 
'  of  a  Parliament ;  which  I  will  remit  to  ycMir 
^  Memories,  till   your  next  Sitting  down,  that 

*  you  may  then  make  ufe  of  it  as  Occafion  fhall 
f  be  minillred/ 

'  For  albeit»  it  be  true,  that  at  the  firft  Sef- 

*  fion  of  my  firft  Parliament,  which  was  not 
'  long  after  mine  Entry  into  this  Kingdom ;  it' 
^  could  not  become  me  to  inform  you  of  any 
'  Thing  belonging  to  Law  or  State  here  ;  (for  all 
'  Knowledge  mu(t  either  be  infufed  or  acquired, ' 
■  and  feeing  the  former  Sort  tliereof  is  now,  with 
?  Prophefie,  ceafed  in  the  World ;  it  could  not ' 

*  be  poffiWe  for  me,  at  my  firft  Entry  here,  before 
^  Experience  had  taught  it  me,  to  be  able  to 
f  underftand  the  particular  Myfleries  of  this  State) 

*  yet  now  that  I  have  reigned  almoft  three  Years 
^  amongft  you,  and  h^vc  been  careful  to  obferve 
'  thofe  Things  that  belong  to  the  Office  of  a 
^  King  ;  albeit,  that  Time  be  but  a  ihort  Time 
^  for  Experience  in  others ;  yet  in  a  King  may 

*  it  be  thoi^ht  a  reafonable  long  Time,  efpecially 
-  in  mc,  who,  although  I  be  but  in  a  Manner 

*  a  new  King  here,  yet  h,.vc  been  long  acquainted 
f  with  the  Olfice  uf  -i  King  ii.  fuch  another  King- 
(  {joffl,  as  uotb  ne^efl  pf  all  others  agree  with 

♦  thp 

^ENGLAND.      137 

*  Ae  Laws  and  Cuftoms  of  this  State.    Remit- ^t  . 

*  ting  to  vour  Confideration,  to  judge  of  that       "^ 
'  which  haul  been  concluded  by  the  Commiffionen 

*  of  the  Union,  wherein  I  am  at  thb  Time  to 
'  fignify  unto  you.  That  as  I  can  bear  Witne6  to 

*  the  forefaid  Commifltonen,  that  they  have  not 

*  agreed  nor  concluded  therein  any  Thiiiet  v^hcre- 

*  in  they  have  not  forefeen  as  well  the  weal  and 

*  Commodity  of  the  one  Country,  as  of  the  other ; 

*  fo  can  they  all  bear  me  Record,  that  I  was  fo 

*  &r  from  prefling  them  to  agree  to  any  Thing, 

*  which  might  bring  with  it  any  Prejudice  to  this 

*  People ;    as  by   the   Contrary  I  did  ever  ad- 

*  monifh  them,  never  to  conclude  upon  any  fuch 
'  Union,  as  might  carry  Hurt  or  Grudge  with 

*  it  to  either  of  the  faid  Nations :  For  the  Leav. 
'  ii^  of  any  fuch  Thing,  could  not  but  be  the 
'  gfcatell  Hindrance  that  might  be  to  fuch  an 
'  A£tion,  which  God  by.  the  Laws  of  Nature 
'  had  provided  to  be  in  his  own  Time,  and  hath 

*  now   in    Effeft  perfefted   in   my  Perfon ;   to 

*  which  Purpofe  my  Lord  Chancellor  hath  better 
'  fpoken,  than  I  am  able  to  relate. 

•  And  as  to  the  Nature  of  this  High  Court  of 

*  Parliament,    it  is  nothing  elfe  but  the  King's 

*  great  Council  j  which  the  King  doth  aflcmble 
'  either  upon  occafion  of  interpreting,  or  abrogat- 
'  ing  old  Lawsj  or  making  oF  new,  according  as 

*  ill  Manners  fhall  deferve,    or  for  the  publick 

*  Punifhment  of  notorious  Evil-doers,  orthePraife 

*  and  Reward  of  the  Virtuous  and  Well-defcrvei3i 

*  wherein  thefe  four  Things  are  to  be  confidered- 

•  Firft,  whereof  this  Court  is  compofed 

•  Secondly,  what  Matters  are  proper  for  it. 

•  Thirdly,  to  what  End  it  is  ordained. 

•  And    Foujthly,    what  are  the   Means  and 
'  Ways  whereby  this  End  IhoulJ  be  brought  to 

*  pafi. 

•  As  for  the  Thing  itfelf,  it  is  compofed  of  a 

*  Head  and  a  Body  :  The  Head  is  the  King,  the 

*  Body  are  the  Members  of  the  Parliament.    This 
f  Body  again  is  fubdivided  into  two  Parts;  the 

•  Upper 

138    The  Tarliamcfttary  Histort 

Aa- 1*  J"""*  !• '  Upper  and  Lower  Houfe:  The  Upper  com- 
'^*       *  pounded  partly  of  Nobifity,    Temporal  Men, 

*  who  are  hereiabk-  Counfellars  lo  ihe  High  Court 

*  of  Parliament,  by  the  Honour  of  their  Creation 
'  and  Lands :    And  partly  of  fiifhops.  Spiritual 

*  Men,  who  are  likewife  by  the  Virtue  of  their 

*  Place  and  Dignity  Counfellors,  Life-Renters,  or 

*  Ad  Fttam  of  this  Court.     The  other  Houfe  is 

*  compofed  of  Knighisof  theShire;  and  Gentrj', 

*  and  Burgefles  for  the  Towns.     But  becaufe  the 

*  Number  would  be  infinite  for  all  the  Gentlemen 

*  and  Burgcflcs  tu  be  prefent  at  every  Parliament, 

*  therefore  a  cenain  Number  is  feletted  and  cho- 
'                      *  fen  out  of  that  great  Body,  fcrving  only  for 

*  that  Paliament,    where  their  Perlons  are  the 

*  Rep  re  fen  ta  I  ion  of  that  Body. 

*  Now  tlie  Matters  whereof  Ibey  are  to  treat 

*  ought  tliercfore  to  be  genera],  and  rather  of  fuch 

*  Matters  as  cannot  well  be  performed  without  the 

*  affcmbling  of  that  general  Body  i  and  no  more  of 

*  ihcfc  Generals  neither,  than  Nccenity  (hall  re- 

*  quire:    For  as  In  csrnfptijjima  Rtpuhiiia  /uftt 

*  plurima  Leges :  So  doth  ihc  Life  and  Strength 

*  of  the  Law  confift  not  in  heaping  up  infinite  and 

*  confufcd  Numbers  of  Laws,  but  in  the  right 
'  Interpretation  and  good  Execution  of  good  and 

*  wholfamc  Laws.  If  this  he  To  then,  neither  is 
'  this  a  Place  on  the  one  Side,  for  every  ra{h  and 

*  harebrain'd  Fellow  to  propone  new  Laws  of  his 

*  own   Invention :  Nay  rather  could  I  wi{h  ihcfe 

*  bufy  Heads  to  remember  thai  Law  of  the  Lacc- 

*  demanianiy  That  wholoevcr  came  to  ptoponc  a 

*  new  Law  to  the  People,  behoved  publtckly  10 

*  prefent  himfeU  with  a  Rope  about  his  Neck, 
'  that  in  cafe  the  Law  were  not  allowed,  he 
'  fhould  be  hanged  therewith.     So  wary  fliould 

*  Men  be  of  proponing  Novelties,  but  moft  of  all 

*  no:  10  propone  any  bitter  or  fediiious  LaWcs, 

*  which  can  produce  nothing  but  Grudges  and 

*  Difconientmenc  between  the  I'rincc  and  his 
'  People :  Nor  yet  is  it  on  the  oilier  Side,  a  con- 

*  vcnicnt  Place  jor  private  Men  under  ihc  Colour 

'  of 


Ojf  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       135) 

'  of  gcncnl  Lawj,  to  propone  nothing  but  their  ^i^^j.  jmrnt 

*  ovm  panicular  Gain,  cither  lo  the  Hun  of  their        ifaf. 
■  private  Neighbours,  or  to  the  Hurt  of  the  whole 

*  Suwe  in  general  j  which  many  Times,  under  (air 
'  and  pleaBng  Titles,  are  fmoothly  piflcd  overt 

*  and  foby  Stealth  procured,  withciut  Confideration 
'  chat  the  private  Mining  of  vhcm  teiidcth  lo  no- 

*  thing  but  erihcr  to  the  Wrtck  of  a  particular 

*  Paiiy,  or  clfc  under  Colour  of  puWick  Benefit 

*  to  pill  the  poor  People,  and  feivc  as  it  were  for 
'  a  general  Impoft  upon  them  for  filling  ihe  Put- 

*  foof  fome  private  Petfons. 
*  And  fo  the  Lnd  for  whkh  the  Parliament  U 

*  ordained,  bemg  only  for  the  Advancement  of 
'  God's  Glory,  and  the  Eftabliflimcnt  and  Wealth 

*  oi"  the  King  and  his  People  :  It  is  no  Place  then 

*  for  particular  Men  to  utter  there  tbcir  private 

*  Conceits,  nor  for  Satisfaction  of  their  Curio- 

*  filies,  and  Icaft  of  all  to  make  Shew  of  their  EIo- 
'  qucnce  by   tyniog  the  Time  with  long  ftudied 

*  and  cIoiTjucni  Orations.     No,  the  Reverence  of 
"  God,  thtir  King,  and  their  Country  being  well 

fenl^  in  il'>eir  HcartSy  wilt  make  themafhamcd 
of  fuch  Toys  j  and  remember  that  they  are  there 
as  fwom  Counfcllors  to  their  King,  to  give  Oicir 
beft  Advice  for  the  Furtherance  of  his  Service, 

Eand  the  flourilhing  Weal  of  hh  Kltaie. 
•  And  laftly,  »f  you  will  nghily  confider  the 
•  Mearu  and  Wayi  how  lo  bring  all  yout  Luboun 
*  to  a  good  End ;  you  mult  remember,  Uiat  you 
'  are  here  aflemb'ed  by  your  lawful  King  to  give 
f  him  your  bcH  Advices,  in  the  Matters  propofed 
f  by  him  unio  you,  being  of  that  Nature,  which 
*  I  Iiave  already  told,  whercUi  you  arc  gravely  to 
^  dt!  T.  ycurCnnldcnces,  plainly 

to.         :i  .  r  thofe  Things  propounded 

do  agree  with  the  Weal,  both  of  your  King  and 
of  your  Countiy,  whole  Weals  cannot  be  fepa^ 

'    World  {hall  ever 



" .  that  I  never  fhall  pr«i> 
J,  wh^h  Qiill  not  as  v 


,  3.  James  1 

'h  4b    77je  Tatl/amenta>-y  H  i  stort 

*  to  ihe  Weal  Publick,  as  lo  any  Benefit  for  me : 

*  Sofhalll  everoppone  myfelf  tothat,  which  may 

*  not  tend  to  the  Good  of  the  Common- Wealth, 

*  for  the  which  I  am  ordained,  as  I  have  often 

*  faid.    And  as  you  are  to  give  your  Advice  in 

*  fucb  Things  as  fhall  by  your  King  be  propofed  : 

*  So  is  it  on  your  Part  your  Duties  to  propone  any 

*  Thing  that  you  can,  after  mature  Deliberation, 

*  judge  to  be  needfu!,  eiiher  for  thofe  Ends  already 

*  fpokcn  of,  oroiherwifc  for  the  Difcovery  of  any 
'  latent  Evil    in  the  Kingdom,  which  peradven- 

*  ture  may  not  have  come   to  ihe  King*3  Ear. 

*  If  this  then  ought  to  be  your  gr.ive  Manner  of 

*  proceeding  in  ihis  Place,  Men  fhduld  be  afhamed 

*  to  make  Shew  of  the  Quicknefs  of  their  Wiis 

*  here,  either  in  taunting,  Icoffing,  or  dcirad^ing 

*  the  Prince  or  Stale  in  any  Point,  or  yet  in  breali- 
'  ing  Jefts  upon  their  Fellows,  for  which  the  Or- 

*  dinarics  or  Alehoufcs  are  fitter  Places,  than  this 

*  Honourable  and  High  Court  of  Parliament. 

'  In  Conclufion  then,  fince  you  are  to  break 
'  up,  for  the  Reafoiis  1  have  already  told  you,  1 
'  wifh  (uch  of  you  as  have  any  Charges  in  your 
■  Countries,  to  haden  you  Home  for  ine  Repref- 

*  fing  of  the  Infolcrcics  of  thefe  Rebels,  and  Ap- 
'  prehenfion  of  their  Pcrfons;  wherein  as  I  heartily 

*  pray  to  the  Almighty  for  your  profperous  Suc- 
'  .ccfs,  fo  do  I  not  doubt,  but  wc  fhall  fliorily 
'  Ilear  the  good  News  of  the  fame ;  and  that  you 

*  (hall  have  an  happy  Relurn,  and  Meeting  here 

*  to  all  our  Comforts. 

Here  the  Lord  Chancellor  fpake  touching  the 
proroguing  of  the  Parliament.  And  Having 
done,  his  Majufty  rofe  again,  and  foid, 

•  Since  it  plcafcd  God  lo  grant  me  two  fucb 

*  nora'ole  Deliveries  upon  one  Day  of  the  Week, 

*  which  THtfiiS)\  and  hkcwife  one  Day  of 

*  the  Moi^;h,  which  was  the  Fifth  %  thereby   lo 

*  teach  me,  That  as  ic  was  the  fame  Devil  that 

*  Aill  petlecuied  me*,    fo  it  was  the  fame  God 

*  tUat  ftill  mightily  delivered  me  '.  I  thought  it 

*  Uicie- 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       ^4^ 

'    Uierefore  not  amifs,  that  the  one  and  twcniieih  An.  3.  Junes  1. 
'    Cay  of  January^  which  falU  to  be  upon  Ttufdny^       *^5' 
'    fbould  be  the  Day  of  Meeting  of  ihJs  ncxl  Sef- 

*  iion  of  Parliament,  hop  ng  and  aiTuring  myfclf* 
'  ihac  the  fame  God,  who  haih  now  granted  mc 
'    9itd  you  all  fo  gracious  and  notable  a  Delivery* 

*  fhall  profper  all  our  Affairs  at  that  next  Seffion, 

*  ^nd  briT^;  them  to  an  happy  Conclufion.     And 

*  now  1  coniidcr  God  hath  well  provided  it  that 
*"  the  Ending  of  this  Piirliameni  hath  been  fo  long 
'  continued;  For  as  for  my  own  Part,  I  nevet 

*  bad  any  other  Intention,  but  only  to  feck  io  hx 
'  my  Weal  and  Profperity,  as  might  conjun^jy 
^  ftand  with  the  floutiihing  State  of  the  whole. 
'  Common- Wealth,  as  i  have  often  told  you:. 
'  So  on  the  uther  Part  1  confefs,  if  I  had  been  ini 
'  your  Places  at  the  Beginning  of  this  Parliament, 
'  (which  wa3  fo  foon  after  mine  Entry  into  this 
'  Kingdom,  wherein  ye  could  not  poOibly  have 

'  to  perfe^  a  Knowledge  of  mine  Inclination,  as 

*  Experience  lince  haib  taught  you^  I  could  not 

*  but  have  fufpcfted,  and  mif-interpreted  divers 
'  Things;  in  the  iryini;  whereof,  now  I  hope, 
■*  by  your  Experience  of  my  Behaviour  and  Form 
'  of  Government,    you  are  well  enough  cleared* 

*  and  relblved.* 

It  feems  as  if  the  Parliament  met,  at  this  Time, 
onlv  to  have  the  foregoing  Declarations  made  to  ™.     »  ,. 
ihcm.  by  the  King  and  ihe  Lord  Chancellor;   for  pror'og^  """ 
tbey  were  inftantly  prorogued  to  the  zd  of  'Janua- 
ry y  following  i  and  from  thence  co  the  2  ill  uf  the 
fame  Month. 

On  which  laft  mentioned  Day,  the  Lords  being 
met,  a  Motion  was  made  by  the  Archbifhop  of  jj,  . 

Canterbury  (i),  '  That  a  Committee  might  be  ap-and  cnrGi^'of 
pointed  to  confider  the  Laws  alreiidy  in  Force,  that  ^<=  ^w*  ■Btiaft 
tend  to  the  Prefervaiion  of  Religion,  hiA  Majefty, '^""^*"*'' 
the  State  and  Common-WeaUh.  What  Defoftj 
are  id  the  Execution  of  them,  or  what  new  Laws 
niay  be  thought  needful.'    This  Motion  being  fe- 

(ij  iUhtrJ  Samnfi,  Lt  Ntv^t  Fs^i  £it<  1^* 

14a    The  Parliamentary  Histort 

An.  3.  jaraeir.  condcd  by  !hc  Bifliop  of  Londm  {t\  followed  by 


r.    -pj, 

Cecil  Earl  of  Salhhury^  a  Committee  was  immc-' 
diaiely  appointed  for  that  Purpofc.  *' 

The  Lord  Chancellor  gave  Direftion  to  the 
Clerk  of  Parliament,  to  take  fpecial  Notice  of  the 
Names  of  fuch  Lords  as  fbould  fait  in  their  Ap- 
pearance this  SefEon  of  Parliament  j  having  no  Li- 
cenfc  fram  his  Majefty  for  their  Ablence.  This 
was  done,  no  doubt,  bccaufe  fome  of  the  Peers 
were  then  fufpefted  to  be  concerned  in  the  late 
Plot  i  and  fome  were  taken  up  for  it  afterwards,  as 
will  appear  in  the  Sequel.— — A  Bill  was  alfo  read 
a  firft  Time,  For  preferving  and  rejloring  to  the 
Cnwn  the  true  and  antient  Royalties  appertaining 

to  the  fame. In  the  Commons,  we  find,  that 

the  Bufinefs  of  the  Popijb  Plot  was  ihe  firft  thing, 
alfo,  that  Ihey  went  upon.  Jan.  21ft,  Sir  George 
Msore  made  a  Motion,  out  of  a  deep  Senfe  of  the 
late  Confpiracy;  the  like  whereoF,  he  faid,  never 

came  upon  the  Stage  of  the  World. Other 

broken  Hints  of  this  Speech  are  thus  entered. 
No  Hour  too  foon  for  fuch  a  Motion.- —  Encou- 

rap^ement  to  Papifls^  Impunity  and  Delay.  ^ 

Hojfiines  qui  ex  IPraude,  Fallacia^  Mendaciisy  con' 

Jijiere  videbantur. Tantumne  Reiigio  poiuit  fua~ 

dere  Maki-um? To  enter  into  Con !ide ration, 

what  Courfe  may  be  fitteft  10  fettle  the  S.^fety  of 
the  King,  and  prevent  the  Danger  of  PapiJiicaC 


This  Speech  was  fecnnded  by  Sir  Francis  Haft' 
ings ;  hi  fpoke  of  tlirte  Duties:- — -To  God,  and 

the  King,  to  God  and  ourfelvcs. Offered  four 

others  to  Confiderailon: — -  The  Plot,  the  Car- 
riage of  the  Plot,  the  D  fcovery,  and  the  Deli- 
verance.   Pl^)t,  pDptfh,  danperous,  and  defperate. 

Afterwards,  the  SoHidtor  General  faid,  That  a 
Word,  in  Time,  was  like  Apples  ol  Gold  furnifh- 

cd  with  Figures  of  Silv-r. That  thcJ'e  Staie- 

Monb  had  got  a  new  Divinity. It  was  lawful 

for  ihem  to  lie,    to  diflcmble  before  a  Magiftr^e, 

to  kill  an  Herctick. 



(rj  Ricl-Mrd  f^atigttir. 

X/  AViv'i  K^'  Sec.  ifo/. 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       143 

The  Refult  of  all  was,  '  That  a  large  Commit-  An,  j.  jamesi, 
tec  was  appointed  to  confidcr  of  fome  Courfe,        '*°^* 
for  the  timely  and  fevcre  Proceeding  againft  Jt- 
fuits.  Seminaries,  and  alt  other  pcpipj  Agents  aod 
Pra^fers;    and  for  the  preventing  and  (upprefUng 
all  tbcir  Plots  and  Pra*^ces.' 

To  go  through  each  Days  Proceedings  in  both 

Jo-trncbf  would  be  loo  ledious. We  (hall  only 

cull  out  of  ihcm  the  moft  remarkable  Inftanccs,  and 
which  are  hiftorrcal  enough  for  our  Purpofe.  The 
Popijh  Plot  was  the  thing  moft  ai  Heart  ^  and  this 
Parliament  laboured  lo  6x  lome  indelible  Mark  of 
their  Rcten;ment  on  fuch  an  infamous  Intention. 
Several  Confpirators  had  now  been  taken,  fome 
Others  were  killed  in  endeavouring  to  make  their 
Efcape ;  and  we  are  told  by  the  Writer  of  this 
Reign,  (though  it  is  not  mentioned  in  the  Jaumals) 
that  the  Earl  of  Nortbt/mif/r/and,  Henry  Lord 
Merdaunt^RTiA  Edivard  Lord  Stourten,  three  Popijh 
Lords,  being  fufpcded  to  have  Knowledge  of  thisScvEnlPcmap- 
Confpiracy,  were  all  committed  to  the  ^w<fr.  J^'^^^f*^™ '^J 
One  great  Caufe  of  iheS'if^MCion,  wa^j,  their  not 
coming  to  Parliament  according  to  Summons; 
but,  nothing  more  being  provM  againft  them,  af- 
ter fome  Impriionraent,  the  txvo  Barons  were  re- 
deemed, by  Fine  in  the  Siar-Chamber -^  but  the 
Earl  continued  a  Prifoner  there  for  many  Yprs 
after  (u). 

Thcfcwere  all  the  Noblemen  that  were  fufpefted ; 
35  for  the  inferior  Sort,  tliey  were  tried  and  con- 
demned at  Common  Law:  But  before  their  Kxc- 
cut'ion  was  awatded,   the  Parliament  thinking  the 
ordinary  Puniftimcnt  too  light  for  the  Offence,  the  debate  on  the 
Lords  appointed  a  Committee  to  confider  what  Manner  of  pu- 
Punifhments  extraordinary  were  fit  to  be  ordained  n'*'"*  ^  *'^**^' 
for  thcfc  Oifcndcrs.     They  had  made  ionic  Pro-""' 
grcis  in  this  Matter,  when  the  Archbiftiop  of  Can- 
terbury^ the  firft  of  the  faid  Committee,  though  it 
was  an  Affair  of  Blood,  reported  to  the  Houfe* 
•  That  having  afkcd  the  Opinion  of  the  Lord 
Chief  JulUce  of  England  in  that  Matter  j   and 

*  being 

144    T^^^  Parliamentary  History 

Aa>  *.  JwDM  1.  ^^^%  informed  by  him  that  the  Execution  of  the 
1605.        faid  Tiaitors  might  not  conveniently  be  deferred, 
the   Committee   had  forbom  any   further   Pro- 
ceeding therein.' 

The  Houfe  of  Commons  were  no  Icfs  anxious: 
For  on  the  25th  of  January^  Sir  Thomas  Hslcrofi 
pui  the  Houfe  in  Mmd,  That  Ritkard  II.  built  a 
wooden  Hoafe,  and  there  the  King  and  Parliament 
fat  when  Offenders  were  judged.  This  tended  to 
have  ihc  Miners,  in  the  late  Plot,  tried  in  the  fame 
Manner ;  which*  he  faid,  was  not  without  Prece- 
dent ;  and  therefore  defucd  that  the  King  might  be 
peiUioned  about  it.~  ^wRobert  IP^mgfield  moved 
'  for  a  Form  of  Punifhmcnt  equal  to  the  Greatnefs 

of  the  Faft.  He  faid,  the  Scripture  had  Examples 
of  extraordinar)'  Punifliments  for  extraordinary  Of- 
fences. And  moved,  That  a  fliort  A«ft  might  be 
made  for  ihe  Pumfiimeni  of  the  Mincis;  and  fomc 
extraordinary  Puniihmenffet  down  in  it.  But  no 
Petition  to  the  King  about  it,  for  he  was  fo  com- 
pounded of  Mercy  and  Pity,  that  he  will  deny 

jr. Sir  Robert  Higham   argued  againft  thefi 

Motions;  and  f^id,  That  the  Common  Law  fhoul 
have  it?  Proceeding  firft,  and  then  thu  Corirtmigh 

add  a  Confirmation  of  it Mr  FulUr^  on  the 

i.\TTie  Side,  moved,  That  all  the  Houfe  might  be 
prefcnt  and  hear  the  Arraignincnlj  and  that,  af- 
terwards, a  Law  might  be  made  for  the  Punifh- 
mcnt, the  Judgment  being  refpited.— -The  Speak- 
er f;<id,  That  ihafe  who  were  already  dead  were  to 
be  aitainted  by  the  Huufe,  and  Evidence  againft 
them  given  at  the  Bur ;  for  the  reft  a  Confirmation 

of  the  Attainders  was  fufHcient. Mr.  iVifeman 

moved.  That  the  Houfe  might  he  prefcnt  at  the 
Trills  and  Places  proviried  for  them;  and  that 
Judgment  refpited;  aficrwsrds,  they 
njight  think  of  a  Judgment  in  the  Houfe,  iheir 

Confciences  being  informed  bv  the  Ho;iring. 

Mr.  SoUicJtor  was  againft  ptticiuning  for  Stay  of 
Judgment  j  and  obfcrved.  That  there  was  no  Pre- 
cedent when  one  CommifTion  and  Court  had  heard ' 
Allegations,  that  another  (hould  interpofe  thcm- 




fclvM  to  flop  Judgment..^— I. aftly,   Sir  Hciirf  j^.^^  j«n«i. 
Litfon  xo\d  the  Houfe,  1  hat  the  Intcrcft  the  Par-       1605. 
Iramcnt  had  in  this  Afliiir,  made  them  no  compe- 
tent Judges  of   it. Upon  the  whole,    the 

Queftion  was  put.  Whether  to  petition  ihc  King 
that  Judgment  might  be  rtaytd  ahcrTrial?  It  was 
rcfolved  in  the  Negative. 

However,  to  do  fomcihing  ir  the  Matter,  the 
Commons  framed,  read  and  palled  a  Bill>  and  Tent 
it  up  to  ihc  Houfcof  Lords,   on  the  25th  o\  Jo' 
nuary,  intlilcd,  An  ASl  for  appcinting  a  7hankjgiv-^^  ^"  "  "»- 
ing  to  Almighty  Go4.    evtry  ^cjr,  on  th  Ktb  (/""^ '^^".''''^J: 
November.      I  he  Meiienpers  which  brought  this  or  Nftvanbery 
Bili  up  10  llic  Lords  told  them,  *  That  the  whole 

*  Body  of  Ihe  Commons,  having  entered  into  Con- 
'  fideralion  of  the  great  Bkrting  of  God,  in  the 

*  hfippy  Pretcrvaiion  of  his  Majelly  and  the  State, 

*  from  tlie  late  moft  danjicrous  Trcafon,  intended 
'  10  have  been  attempted,  by  the  Inftigation  of 
'   'Jtfuiti,  Sem'itijrtes.,  and  Remip>  Priefts;  had  fra- 

*  incd  and  palfcd  the  iaid  Bill,  in  their  Houfe,  as 

*  the  FJrft- Fruits  of  their  Labours,  in  thisSelTion 

*  of  Parliament;  which  they  did,  very earncflly, 

*  recommend  to  their  Loidfl^ps.'  The  Lords  re- 
turned the  Ccmplinieni,  by  reading  and  palling  ihe 
Bill  in  three  Days,  without  ever  going  into  a  Com- 
mittee about  it-  And  this  A€t  ftands  the  firft  in 
ihe  printed  Statutes  of  this  Seffian  of  Parliament. 

Both  Houfes  pafled  another  Bill  for  the  //Wi/r- F©r  attainting 
der  gf  tie  Oifenden  in  the  late  Treafon^  whofc'''* '*''^""'* 
Names  arc  too  inconfiderable  for  this  Hiftory,  and 
maybe  feen  in  the  Ail  iifclf:  The  Lords  next  pro- 
ceeded to  conlidcr  the  Motion  made  by  the  Arch- 
biHiop  of  Canltrbury,  on  the  fiift  Day  of  ibis 
SeflJon,  concerning  the  Laws  already  in  Force 
agaioft  Pafajh,  i^c  And  arcotdingly,  wc  tiiid 
that  Ftbruary  ill,  he  made  a  Keport  to  ihe  H£>ule 
of  what  bad  been  dcmc  in  that  Committcei  and 
then  prcfcnied  a  Ihoi  l  Note,  containing  the  Heads 
of  the  laid  Laws  now  in  Being. 

The  next  Xi^'i^  ihc  Lords  being  informed  that 
the  Commons  were  upon  a  Bill  to  the  fame  Pur- 

Vot.  V.  K  pofc,' 



1 46    The  Parliament a^Hx?To\r 

\n.  3.  jsniM  J.  pofe,  and  that  they  were  ready  to  bring  it  up  to 
»6oS'        their  Houfci  they  ?ent  a  Meflage  to  them,  to  de- 
fire  a  Conference.  'av.s  accepicd  of; 
and   leveral  Meetings  of  the  Committees  ot*  boib 
Houfes  were  had  about  it ;    the  Refult  of  all  was. 
And  anotii«  a-  ^^^  pilHng  two  new  Afts,  one  intiiled,  An  J^pr 
V^^^^^i'opiihRt-  dJ/covmtjg  and  reprejjing  j,^ Popifli  RHafmti\  and 
^ '"""  the  other  called,  An  Ait  u  prevent  and  avoid  Dan- 

gen  which  may  grew  by  Popifh  Recufants.  Thefe 
Sutuies, which  arc  yetin  Force,  are  10 well  known, 
that  they  need  no  farther  Explanation  (jt). 

We  have  fome  Notice  given  us  in  the  'Journah 
of  the  Upper  Houfc,   of  a  Supply  10  be  granted 
this  Seffion ;  by  a  Meflage  fent  from  the  Commorw 
to  the  Lords,  on  ihe  i2th  of  February  •,    import- 
ing, *  Th^C  they  had  received  Signification*    with 
much  Joyj    by  thdr  Speaker,   of  his  M.ijcfty's 
gracious  Acceptation  of    their  humble  Offer,  in 
A  BiH  /fom  tlie  JW'Tie'"  of  Sahfidies;   and  wiihall  that  his  Majcfty  ig 
Commnni,  reia-  well  plcafcij  that  ConfiJeration  may  be  bad  of  the 
tbg  to  Purve,-  GrievancesarifingbyP«»^JO"^//f*.     'Ihey  therefore 
propofed  a  Confetcr.te,  by  Commillees  of  both 
Homes,  to  confider  of  ihefc  two  weighty  Articles.' 
This  Rcqueft  was  ^id'ented  to  by  the  Lords,  and 
aTime  appoinicd  for  the  Conference:    But,  we 
hear  no  more  of  the  Supply  till  near  the  End  of 
this  Seffinn.     The  dther  Btiiinels  concerning  the 
King's  Purveyors^    was  an  <;ntieut  Bianch  of  the 
Royal  Prerogative  i  and  therefore  was  to  be  tcndtr- 
]y  dealt  with:  Many  Conferences  were  held  abooc 
it,  between  the  twoHoofcs;  at  lafta  Bill  was  paf- 
ied  by  the  Commons,  and  fenr  up,  intitled,  An  Aa 
ffft'  rh  bfttcr  Bxetut'un  */  fundiy  Statuta  toufhing 
Purveyors  (ttid  Carl-Taiers.     On  the  fecond  Read- 
ing of  which  by  the  Lords,  it  was  committed;  but, 
on  a  Moiion  of  the  Lord  Trealurer,  it  was  agreed, 
by  that  Houfc.  *  That  the  Judge.*!  and  the  King's 
learned  Council,  who  were  ordered  lo  attend  the 
Committee,    fhould  confider  before-hattd  of  the 
did  Bill  of  Purveyors,   for  the  better  Information 
of  their  Lordfhips  at  the  Meeting  of  the  Com- 


(m)  Sumti  gt  brgc,  An,  3.  Jttt  I,  O/.  IV,  V, 


0/-  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      147 

mitteC.'    Afftil  the  loih,  the  Archbilhop  o/  Can- ^a.  3.  jamci  i. 
Urbury  reported  from  thence,  thai  the  Attorney  Ge-       i«os. 
neral  had  made  it  appear  to  the  Commiitee,  that  the 
Bill  was  very  dcfc^ive  and  inconvenient;   where- 
upon it  was  agreed  10  proceed  no  farther  therein. 

But,  wc  find  that  the  Commons  were  not  wil-  T,viiich,  being 
ling  to  let  the  Matter  drop  fo  eafily ;  for  bel'ore  ihisdrop'd  by  the 
Seffion  was  ended>  they  had  prepared  a  new  Bill  tol^'^^->  they  fend 
the  lame  Purpofe  as  the  former,  which  pafled  their  JJ^'^fJJ^^'^* 
Houfc  and  was  lent  up  to  the  Lords.     Upon  this, 
a  long  Debate  enfued,  and  the  Quellion  being  put, 
Whether  the  faid  I'econd  Bill  might,    by  Order  of 
the  Houfe,  be  admitted,  the  former  having  been  rc- 
iefted  ?  It  was  carried  in  the  Negative  ;  and  a  Me* 
morandum  was  enieicd  by  Order  of  the  Lords,    as 
a  general  Oire^lion,  for  the  future. 

The  Bufincfs  of  a  Supply  was  moTed  for  in  thepr^eedinp  od 
Houfeof  Commons  ^^/"iwry  lOlh,  by  Sir  5f5^dm<7/ the  Supply. 
Ridgnvay't  the  broken  Hints  of  whofe Speech,  in 
their  Jeumah^  may  be  thus  conneded.  *  He 
much  exaggerated  the  Blefllngs  they  enjoyed  un- 
der the  prefent  Goverhftient;  and  yet  the  King  been  at  great  Charge  to  fuftain  it.  For  though, 
lays  he,  we  have  Paism  txtemam  IS  internain; 
yet,  the  Funeral  of  the  Iste  Qucen«  the  Entrance 
of  his  prcfcnt  Majcfty  into  this  Kingdom,  with 
that  of  tile  Q^ieen  and  Prince,  all  at  different 
Times;  the  Enienainmcnt  of  foreign  Emball'a- 
dors ;  the  Mafs  of  Trcafure  which  had  been 
cxhaufted  in /r^/dffrf;  her  Majefty'a  Lying-in;  the 
great  Charge  of  the  Houfhoid ;  with  the  Largcfles, 
or  Rewards,  which  had  been  beftowed  on  particu- 
lar Pcrfons,  of  both  Nations,  had  much  impovc- 
ri&cd  the  !Cing*s  Trcafury  (y).  The  Common- 
wealth was  obliged  to  lighten  this  Burden;  as 
Afcfes  laid,  Hotv  ton  he  alone  bear  their  Stfifei  and 
K  2  In- 

(•f)  The  different  Sumi  of  tlicfc  txpcncca  tre  thus  ^vcn  at,  in 
the  CtimMWA  yevmals,  vix. 
Tite  liic  (^<:en'&  I^cbu, 

The  Kiig,  Queen,  and  Piincc'i  Entrance,     

The  WeQurt-i'iFuiwral,  . . 

Cnrnnmon  of  the  Kbc  ani  tiyicn,     ' — 

Cifu  to  E(r.t<4a:<lM«,  &c. 

Zj^Mcet  lit  Irttand  hi  fgur  Vein  ^  ftr  Anntm,   —^ 




Jioitil.  f^cumbranaSiis'c.     Laftly,  he  added,   . _. 

°^'  ever  the  Offer  was  from  his  SuSjcSs,  ihe  King 
would  fay  /t0eit  to  itj  and  therefore  maved  that 
a  Committee  might  be  immedi^.tely  appointed  to 
draw  up  a  Bill  for  a  Supply/ 

This  Motfcn  was  feconded  by  Sir  Maurice 
Berilty  ;  and,  afterwards  by  Sir  Edward  Msatague^ 
who  begun  with  urging  two  Duties:  Fear  God 
and  honour  the  King;.  That  we  owe  him  Love, 
Reverence,  Obedience,  and  Thankfulnefe  for  his 
Truth  and  Juftice.  That  the  Freedom  of  the 
Gift  ought  lo  he  equal  to  the  Grcauiefs  of  the 
Givers ;  and  that  it  Ihould  be  fpeedy  and  chearful. 
Laftly,  hi5  Motion  was  for  two  Subfidies  and  four 
Fijtfenth$\  two  of  which  wc.-e  to  be  paid  at  Eajier^ 

and  a  Suhfidy  at  Mkhaeimas. Mr,  Bond  began 

with  enumeratmg  the  many  Beneiiis  they  reaped 
by  his  Majefty's  Reign.  Thai  of  a  weak,  feeble 
?nd  brcathle^  State,  ii  was  become  the  moft  opu- 
lent, rich  and  mighty  Empire  of  any  in  Chrijlen- 
dim.  That  we  owed  ji'iimam  De<f<,  Cortm  Regi, 
who  was  mu  Suhfidium  taut-m  fid  Praftdium,  in 
Time  of  Peace.  That  ihey  ought  to  fill  the 
King's  Coffers  tirfV,  and  niaice  him  F'ldus  Dtpofi- 

tarius. Sir  JFiUmm  Snowd,   Sir  Henry  PcoU, 

and  Sir  Natbamel  Baccn,  fpoke  for  a  Supply  ;  the 
VaU  urged  ihit  fome  Confidcrations  ought  to  be 
had  in  the  Ftftcetuhi ;  fewer  of  thefe  and  more 
Sttbjtdies  granted,    faecaufe  Subftdies  were  Icfs  in 

Value  than  formeily. Sir  Frum'is  Hnjlingi  faid. 

That  ihcy  ought  to  offer  Love  for  Love.  There- 
fore he  wus  for  two  Subfidies  and  lour  Fifteenths* 
A'nor  Civium  Rtgi  itiexpitgr.abile  Munimeutum» 
That  Peace  was  not  hereditary  ;  and  ^'e  oup;ht  to 
provide  b(  fure-hr.nd.  The  Strength  of  ihe  King's 
Hands  was  the  Hearts  of  his  People.  jSd  omnem 
E'jentumy  to  give- ;  and  thai  ^t:cito  dat,  bh  dai. 
There  are  mote  fliort  Hints  oi  Arguments  ufed 
for  gMnilng  a  Supply,  by  feveral  other  Members  ; 
in  which  there  were  only  two.  Sir  George  Mssre., 
and  Sir  Edwin  Sandys,  that  were  for  modLiaiing 
ibt  firft  Propoial,    The  formci  faid»  That  citra 



0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      149 

ft  ultra,  there  were  Bounds  in  all  Things:  Mains  An.  %■  j^nat  i. 
AftUs  qui  Imperatertm  juum  gemern fequitur  The  '605. 
other,  urged  this  Adage,  Largire  de  te,  fili  i  give 
of  your  own,  Son  j  ihe  Poverty  of  the  Land  ought 
to  be  confidered,  and  as  much  eafed  as  may  be — 
Upon  the  whole  a  grand  Committee  was  relblved 
on,  and  appointed  to  confider  of  a  Bill  for  a  Sup- 
ply, and  whcihcr  it  fhguld  be  for  ivto Subfidies  and 
four  Bfteentbi^  or  not. 

The  next  Day,  February  uth,    the  Speaker 
informed  the  Houfc,   *  Thai  he  had  been  feni  for 

*  to  the  King,  who  lold  him  that  he  had  been 

*  made  acquainted  with  the  Proceeding  of  ;hc 
'  Houfe  in  regard  to  the  Supply  ;    and  lakss  more 

*  Joy  in  the  Manner,  than  W  the  Value  cf  ten 
'  Times  asmuch  had  fallen  unto  him  by  any  other 

*  Accident.     That  the  King  had  three  Caufes  for 

*  his  Acceptance  of  it.     i.  Becaufe  it  isdone  out 

*  of  Love,   and  without  Demand.     2.  For  the 

*  Concurrence  inSpeech.  and  Voicsamongft  them; 

*  in  fodem  Senfu  -,  alike  Thanks  for  both.     A  Dif- 

*  may  lo  the  Oppolttes.      3.  For,  tliat  it   was 

*  done  in  a  more  ipeeJy  Manner  than  tver  hcreto- 

*  iore.     That  he  would  charge  and  change  the 

*  Property  of  his  own  Eftate  j  and  would  cxpofe 

*  his  Perfon  ro  Danger  for  their  Good.  That  no 
'  Man  wasmorclcnlibfeof  it,  either  in  thai  Houfe 
'  or  in  the  Common- Wealth  J  and,  laflly,  defired 

*  that  a  Committee  might  be  named  to  make  Dc- 

*  mands  and  Propofirions.*  But  more  of  this  in 
the  Sequel. 

Some  Ecclcfiaftical  Affairs  happened  in  this  Scf-  ThtKmc'iMef- 
fion  worth  our  Notice.    v^;>n7ihe  Firft,  the  Arch- fajc  id*ting  to 
bi(hopofCtf;i.V;wry  acquainted  the  Lords.  ^  That  •^'■°f=*  '"   ^'■• 
ni5  Majetty  had  given  him  Direttion  la  let  them 
urderftand  he  was  informed  of  great  Abufcs  con- 
<;erning  Excommunicauon,  granted  by  Ecclelia!b- 
cnlOfficers,  very  often  upon  trivia!  Matters.     And 
tho'  Contempts  generally,  of  great  or  lels  Qiiality, 
nc  punilbabic  by  the  Laws  of  the  Rc^lm,  accord- 
ing 10  ihcir  fevcral  Natmef ;  yet,  conlioering  Ex- 
commuc^cation  is  the  ^teatcft  Cenluie  that  can  Iw 
K  3  fiivca 

1 50    The  Tarliamentary  History 

A"'  y  J|*™'l-givcn,  his  Majcfty  holds  the  fame  unfit  to  be  ufed 
'  ^'  but  in  great  Matters.  Therefore,  altho' his  Majcfty 
doth  dcfire  that  the  faid  Jurlfdiftion  Ecclefuftica! 
may  be  maintained  and  uphoiden,  in  all  Refpefts, 
as  is  fit  ;  yet,  to  remedy  this  Inconvenience,  it 
was  his  Majcfty*s  Defire  that  a  Bill  mi{;ht  be  framed 
for  that  Purpofe/  The  Houfc  immediately  order'd 
that  fome  of  the  Judges,  and  learned  CiviHans, 
ftiould  attend  the  Arcbbifliop,  to  confider  of  a  Pro- 
]z€t  for  drawing  a  Bill  concerning  the  ("aid  Matter 
of  Excomniunicaiion. 

It  is  not  unlikely  but  the  Archbifhop  was  in- 
form'd,  thill  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  who  were 
always  ready  to  clip  the  Wings  of  the  Church, 
were,  at  the  fame  Time,  upon  the  like  Projcft; 
and  therefore  was  not  willing  that  the  Honour  of 
this  Reformation  fl^ould  rcll  upon  (hat  Houfe. 
For  we  find,  thnt  j^pril  the  sth,  a  Mcflage  was 
fent  by  that  Body,  to  the  Lords,  to  defire  a  Con- 
ference with  them  touching  Matters  EcclcfuAical. 
The  Anfwer  was,  *  That  altho'  the  Lords  were 
pr'JJo^TScrWillin?  to  grant  their  Rcqueft,  yet,  for  that  their 
ReKorrtiKticn  in  Propofition  Was  Very  general,  they  delired  to  know 
tl»c  Particulars  of  it,  that  they  min;ht  be  the  better 
prepared  for  the  Conference.'  On  which  the  Com- 
mons returned  AnfWcr,  *  That  the  Caufes  whereon 
they  defired  Conference  were  four,  viz. 
X.  The  Silencing  of  Minifters. 
i.  The  Multiplicity  of  Ecdcfiaftical  Com- 

3.  The  Manner  of  Citations.     And 

4.  The  Point  of  Excommunication." 
Kcreupon,  a  great  Dchate  arifing,  whether  they 

fhould  agree  to  fuch  a  Conference,  or  not?  The 
farther  Rcfolution  therein  was  deferred  till  the 
next  Day. 

The  old  Topk  of  Prerg^stive  Royaly  which 
This  King  wjs  js  -t.cAXowi  to  mnintain  as  any  of  hit 
PTcdcccflors,  was  lurely  ihc  Rcaion  wiiv  this  Bufi- 
nefs  moved  fo  ilowly  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords.  The 
Commons,  who  wcic  ever  jealous  of  the  Ecclefiaf- 
lics,  iherelore  prefTed  this  Conference  ilrongly.   At 

The  Commons 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     151 

laft,  00  the  8ih  of  Jprilj  an  Anfwer  was  fcot  tOAa.  3. 
the  Commons,  importing,  *  That  the  Lords,  bar-  iCcj 
ing  deliberately  confidered  of  the  Commcns  Mcf- 
fage  about  a  Conference  on  the  four  Ecclefiaftical 
Points  they  fent  them,  had  agreed  to  the  fame  and 
appcnnted  a  Committee  accordingly.'  Anfwer  n-as 
immediately  returned  from  the  Lower  Houfe, 
'  That  they  gave  moll  hearty  Thanks  to  their 
Lord(hi{fc,  for  having,  with  fuch  Alaaity,  figni- 
iied  their  Confcnt  for  this  Conference;  and  that 
they  would  mod  readily  join  with  them,  and  im- 
part the  Grievances  occurring  in  thefe  Ecclefiafli- 
calMatters.  But  that  they  cannot  give  a  Meeting, 
either  of  this  Day  or  the  next ;  becaufe  they  had 
af^ioted  other  fpecial  Bufincfs  on  thofe  Days,  for 
his  Majefty's  Service,  which  was  to  go  upon  the  Bill 
otSuh^ify,  and  a  Call  of  their  Houfe.  Whereupon 
the  i4tb  of  yfpril  was  appointed  for  that  Purpofe.' 
The  fame  Day  that  the  former  Refoiution  was 
takcD,  the  Lord  Chancellor  delivered  a  Meflage 
from  the  King  to  this  Effeft ;  '  That  his  Majc^ 

*  having  received  Knowledge  of  the  dilcreet  and 

*  refpe^lful  Proceedings  of  then-  Lord&ips,  coo- 

*  cerning  the  Conference  required  by  the  other 
"  Houfe,  touching  Mitvcti  Ealeftajiicalj  hadcom- 

*  manded  him  to  Hgnify  to  them  bis  moft  gracious 

*  Acceptance  of  the  fame.  With  Thanks  and 
'  Acknowledgment  of  his  Love  and  good  Will, 
'  to  all  the  Lords  in  general,  for  their  Re^rd  to 

*  his  Prerogativt,     And  therein,   as  well  thofe 

*  who  were  willing  to  yield  to  the  Conference,  as 

*  thofe  that  were  againl^  it.  For  that  his  Majefty 
'  did  d>ferve  on  either  Part,  Arguments  of  equal 

*  Love  and  Duty  towards  him,  for  the  Preferva- 

*  tion  of  the  faid  Prersgathi  ;  of  which  he  would 

*  ever  retain  a  grateful  Remembrance.* 

The  Bufincfs  of  the  Conference  between  both 
Houfes  was  now  proceeded  in.  Accordingly,  on 
the  17th  of  Jprilt  the  Archbifhop  acquainted  the 
Houfe  that  feveral  Bifliops  had  been  chofen  to  ma- 
niige  that  Conference;  of  whom,  i.  Touching 
:lie  Silencing  of  Minifter?,  was  to  be  I'poken  to  by 


ija     The  Parliamentary  History 

An.  $.  Jaiatti.^'*"'*^'^'  2.  Corccrningthc  M»I^iplicityofCommif■ 
'■  '  1605,  thcBi(hopsof/^//jr^(/?^r(zJancii?j:rt^r.|'tf) 
3.  Touching  CiLilions*  by  ihc  Bilhops  of  Bath 
and  Wslis^ib)  CarhJIe^ (f)  and E\)',{d)  4,  And  Ex- 
communiciition,  by  ibc  BiJhops  of  St.  D&vuV%y{e) 
and  Herefard.  [f)  Liberty  was  alfo  referved  for  the 
Archbifhop  to  Iptak  10  any  Points  as  he  thought 
Jit,  as  weSI  as  to  that  allotted  to  him,  Where- 
ui>on,  the  Ho\ife  came  to  a  Relblution  thSl  fome 
Anfwcr  fliould  be  made  to  the  Commons  as  that 
Day,  but  it  was  not  intended  orcxpeOed  that  they 
Jhould  be  informed  whether  the  Lords  would  join 
or  not  join  in  a  Peiition  with  the  Lower  Houfc ; 
bat  only  that  the  Biihops  fhould  I'pcak  ro  the  four 
Points,  and  leave  the  other,  of  Petiiion,  10  be 
determined  by  the  whole  Houie,  wiih  Rcferve, 
fliil  of  Reply  to  any  of  the  Points  aforefaid. 

This  cautious  Proceedirg  of  the  Lords  fhews 
plainly  how  unwillmg  they  were  10  touch  upon 
the  Resf^l  Prerogative,  in  EetUftaJi'udl  Matters; 
■which  the  late  always  guarded  with  her 
ucmoll  Care  and  Circumrpe£tion.  Wc  are  left 
in  the  Dark  as  to  what  was  done  or  fairi  at 
thelc  Confctences,  which  were  fcveral  i  only, 
thit  the  Bifhops  who  w:re  Managers,  m.ide  their 
Report  10  the  Houfe,  that  they  had  debated  the 
four  Points  \  and  the  whole  Reluh  was,  thai  a  Bill 
was  brought  In  and  palfed  into  a  Law,  touching  a 
Rcitramt  of  Excommunications  in  Ecdefiaftical 
Courts.  —  This  had  been  propos'd  by  the  Arch- 
bifliop  of  Canierbwy  to  the  Lords,  at  the  King's 
Deiire,  as  hcfore  l.iken  Notice  of:  But  as  to  the 
rthtr  lh;ec  Points  of  Rcfcrtnitior,  on  wh'ch  ths 
Commons  had  delir'd  a  Conference,  Nothing  was 
dont  a^oui  them. 

Tho'  llie  Matter  of  Subpd'ei  hath  been  once  or 
iwrc:  meniiont'd  already,  in  the  Proceedings  of  this 
Sefiion,  i;  was  not  liti  ibe  isih  of  Ma\^  that  a 


(a)  H''i!lian  C'-rfti, 
(A)  7»6f.  Still. 

(A)  ^lart'in  Utt«K^ 

\t)   /fKtlKHJ  UlldJ. 

(f)  Rvhtft  Santt. 


qr  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     153 

Bill  was  fent  up  from  the  Commons  for  a  Grant  An.  3.  j*mt% !. 
of  three  «ntuc  Subfidies  and  fix  Fifteenth  from  the       1605. 
Temporaity;  at  ihe  fame  Time  was  returned  as 
palled,  another  Rill  for  a  Confirmation  of  four  Suhfi- 
^'teioi  four  Shillings  in  the  Pound  from  the  Cler^. 
The  former  Bill  palled  the  Lords  in  two  Days ;  but 
movM  very  heavily  through  the  Commons;  partly 
owing  to  the  Dilappoiniment  they  had  met  with 
from  the  Lords  in  the  Matter  of  Conference ;  and 
partly,  as  may  be  fuppos'd,   on  account  of  the 
Weight  of  the  Grant.     The  Reader  may  call  to 
Mind,  the  firft  Propofal  wa?  only  for  two  StMdies 
and  four  Fifteenth ;  but,   on  tlie  25th  of  March, 
the  Speaker  Rafter  delivering  a  Melfage  from  the 
King  to  ihc  Houfe,  how  kindly  he  took  that  Offer, 
looking  upon  it  as  a  great  Argument  of  their  Love 
to  him,)  made  a  Motion,  Whether  any  more  (hould 
be  given  ?  And  it  was  refolved  In  the  Affirmative. 
The  Speaker  told  the  Houfe,   *  That  his  Majefty 
bid  them  call  to  Mind,  that  in  the  late  Quecn*s 
Time  many  great  Aids  were  given ;    and  that 
fte  was  never  driven  10  break  her  Word  but  once. 
That  he  had   laiely   feveral  Loans  freely    made 
him,    for  which  he  (lands   engaged ;    and  there- 
fore defired  that  the  Money  might  be  paid  in  fuch 
Time  that  his  Prooiife  may  be  kep:.* 

On  this,  a  long  Debate  cnfued  in  the  Houfe.  l.,„„.^ 
The  Courtiers  argued  ihat  the  King'sDebts  were  tosubfidy/ 
the  Value  of  500,000/.  a  prefhng  Debt  j  and  that 
ihc  whole  Sum  of  their  former  Gift  amounted  to  no 
more  than  400^000/.     That  the  firft  Payments  of 
the  Subfidies  ought  to  be  quick,  in  order  to  anfwer 
the  NccclTuics uf  the Siatc.    Nutffarium Benefic'mm, 
Utitf  datnm^   fimils   ejt  Pani  Lapidofi.      Not  to 
lofc  the  Thanks  of  their  Gift  by  the  Difference  of 
a  few  Months  In  the  Payment.     That  three  or 
four  hundred  Horfe  cofl  maintaining  as  much  as 
three  or  four  Subfidies  come  to  j  reckoning  each 
Horie  30  A  and  each  Horfenian  40;.    With  more', 
to  the  fame  Purpofc. 

The  Arguments  ufed  againft  granting  (o  much 
vrcrc  but  few  ;  one  faid,  There  was  never  an  Ex- 

'  Debate    on  the 

The  Tarl'tamentary  Histort 

All.  3.  jiiuesi.  *n*P'c  of  Ivfo  SubfidUs  in  Time  of  Peace.  To 
1605.  which  i:  was  anfwered,  Thar  ihefe  were  Sub/idies  of 
War,  for  the  late  Queen's  Debts  were  for  War  ; 
therefore  wliat  was  granted  now  was  for  War. 
Upon  the  whole,  the  Houfe  divided  on  the  Times 
of  Payment,  and  it  was  carried  by  121  againft  1 13, 
for  the  lirft  three  Payments  tu  be  made  in  two 

yffiriUht  12th,  a  Bill  for  granting  of  three  entire 
Subfidiei  and  fix  Ftfte^nthi^  was  read  a  firft  Time 
by  the  Commons.  It  laid  a  good  while  after  this ; 
and,  in  the  mean  Time,  all  Manner  of  GWfz/tfw^/ 
was  diligently  rou|2;ht  for  to  be  firft  redrefled  ;  inlo- 
much  that  the  King  faid,  Thiy  had  fint  an  Oyea 
thro^  the  Nathn  to  fini  them.  On  the  third  Read- 
ing, Miiy  grh,  a  Debate  arofe,  begun  by  Sir  v^k- 
thny  C^e^  Whether  the  Lift  of  Grievr*ncei  oughi 
not  to  be  6rft  read:  And  a  Capitulation  with  the 
King  about  them.  A  fpecia!  Order  was  alfo  en- 
tcrt-d,  That  ihtSubftdy-'B-iW  fliould  noi  go  up  till  the 
GVwffnrcj  were  ready  to  be  prefented  tothcKing. 
Much  Difpute,  dy  the  Jjurnalsj  was,  whether  a 
<^eftion  fhou^fi  be  mAde  for  the  Reading  of  the 
Siibfidy-Bill ;  but  thought  to  be  without  Precedent 
ajid  a  very  tender  Queftion  ;  therefore  forborn ; 
and,  the  Houfe  being  at  laft  fatlfied  in  refpe£l  to 
ihc  prior  CJrdcf,  tlie  Bill  was  read  a  third  Time  and 
p.illt-d.  On  the  15th,  it  was  Tent  up  to  the  Lords 
by  Mr.  Secretary  Herbert,  aitendcd  by  every  Mem- 
ber oT  the  Houfe,  not  one  Man  Icti  but  the  Speaker, 

Clerk  and  Serjeant- A  Thing,  adds  the  Jour- 

unl^  never  leen  before.  The  Bill  was  quickly  dil- 
patched  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  bcirg  pail'ed  there, 
as  isticfore  mentioned,  in  two  Days. 

The  Bufincfs  of  the  hfiwi  betwixt  the  two 
The  Union  ir-  Kingdoms  was  ag^in  reium'd  in  this  SeOion  of 
f(uinV.  Pariiamctit.     The  Huufe  of  Loriis,  by  their  Com- 

mittee, had  fcver:il  Conierenccs  with  the  other  Houfe 
about  it.  It  was  firft  of  all  debated  whether  it 
fliouKi  be  deferred  till  next  Sellion  ;  fo  Hule  Sto- 
mach hid  an  EfigUff)  Parliammt  to  this  Affair.  At 
td£ti.a  ^ill  was  frarped  and  brought  in,  enUiuled, 

O/^   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       ijj 

An  ASi  dtdaraUryy  expUin'mg  a  Branch  ef  an  ASi  An,  3- J*™"  '• 
made  in  the  firfl  Sejfm  of  this  ParUament,  called,        '^' 
An  All  for  certain  Commijjisntrs  of  the  Realm  ef 
Kngland  /ff  tref^t  ivith  the  CommiJ/icners  of  SQ0X\in<S, 
for  the  IVealof  both  Kingdoms ;  which  palled  both 
Houfes,  bui  to  as  linle  Purpofc  as  the  former. 

This  SelTron  of  Parliament  laded  to  the  27U1 
Day  of  May,  and  a  Multipl  icily  of  Bufinefs  was 
done  in  it.  There  were  above  one  hundred  Bills ^^^  ^^.^ 
brought  into  both  Houfes  j  as  appears  by  a  Cata-  ^  ' 
logue  of  them,  in  rhe  Lords  Journals,  at  the  End 
of  this  Seflion.  Many  of  them  alfo  pafl'cd  into 
Laws,  tho*  there  are  but  twenty- feven  publifhed 
in  the  printed  StatuIe.^  The  moll  remarkable 
Ads  wc  have  already  fpokc  of  ;  and,  on  the  Day 
abovementioned,  the  King  came  to  the  Houle  of 
Lords,  in  the  Afternoon,  when  the  Speaker  of  the 
Commons,  attended  by  that  whole  Houfe,  came 
up  to  the  Bar.  And,  on  prefenting  the  Money- 
Bills,  he  made  a  Speecli  to  the  King  to  this  Effea  ; 
for  there  arc  only  thefe  Ihort  Items  of  it  10  be  found 
in  the  ymrnah, 

Firft,  '  Hebeftowed  g^^atPrai^esandCommen- 
'  daiions  on  his  Majefty,  with  Thanks  to  God  for 

*  the  Happincfs  the  State  enjoyed  by  giving  them 

*  fo  gxacieus  a  King.     He  aifo  returned  Thanks 
'  to  his  Majcfty  for  all  his  gracious  Benefits,    and 

*  particularly,  for  his  !aft  Ait  for  a  free  and  genc- 

*  raJPardon.     Wiihall  making  his  humble  Rctjueft 
'  to  the  King,    that  he  would  t)^  p'eafed  to  give^^g  ^^^.^ 

*  his  Royal  AfTcnt  to  the  Afts  ready  for  that  Pur-  Sppcc^  oA 

'  pofe.  Alfo,  that  he  would  pardon  them,  and  icing's  Aofwer 
'  himfel^;  in  any  thing  they  had  unwillingly  and  JJj;;|J'^''g„ 
'  unwillingly  offended.'  1  he  King  made  Anfwer 
himfclf,  by  fome  fhort  Compliments  on  their  Pro- 
ceedings in  this  Scflion  ;  and  faid,  He  had  noEx- 
ccptons  to  any  of  the  Bills  but  one.  And,  as  2 
fpEcial  Mark  of  Grace  and  Favour  would  pafs 
them  a!!,  though  ii  was  a  Matter,  in  former  Times, 
very  unufual  to  do  it.  {a)    Only  he  gave   them 


(a)  Tat  Uw  Qpfen  refoTciJ  the  Ray»I  AflVni  tn  48  BUIi  pafi*i| 
frtfh  Houfes,  la  pQC  ScHion.    See  Val.  JV.  p,  41^. 

1^5     The  Parliamentary  Histort 

Ab      T*ta    I  Admonition  about  one  A^,  for  a  Reftiiution  in 

'i«os.  "  '  Blood  of  one  Roivlmd  Men'uk ;   that  they  never 

ihould  proceed  in  Parliament  with  any  fuch  like 

Aft  of  RcHinution,    till  the  fame  xras  firft  figned 

by  Uie  King,  and  that  then  it  ought  to  begin  in 

-.     D  1-         the  Higher  Houfe ;    of  which  his  Majefly  Jefired 

^'og«ejr'"'  them  to  make  a  Memorial     After  this,  the  Lord 

Chancellor,  by  Command,  in  another  ftiori  Speech, 

prorogued  this  Parliament  to  the  i8[h  Day  of  A-V 

vember  following,  (b) 

Thus  this  Sellion,  which  began  in  the  great- 
eft  Terror  and  Confternaiion,  ended  in  perfedt 
Peace  and  Tranquillity.  Though  during  the  fiT- 
(ing  of  ir,  another  Rumour  had  been  fpread,  that 
the  King  had  been  fldbh'd  with  a  poifoned  Knife, 
as  he  was  hunting  near  JVmdfor.  The  Ccntinuiitsr 
of  Sfffivt'a  Clironiclc  [cll$  us,  {c)  *  That  when  this 
terrible  Rumour  was  brought  to  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mohs,  the  Members  of  it  were  in  the  urmoft  Con- 
lleination.  The  fiift  Reports  were  various;  fomc 
fiid  the  King  was  flabb'd,  others  fmoihered  in  hJ3 
'Bed,  orfhotwiih  a  Piitol  as  he  was  riding.  At 
the  Hearing  of  which  fad  News,  the  whole  Houfe 
began  fcrioufty  to  debate  what  was  bell  to  be  done. 
Some  were  for  rifing  immediaiely,  for  Fear  of  a 
Surprise  upon  thcmlclvcs,  fomc  one  Way  fomc  an- 
other j  till,  at  laft,  it  was  agreed  they  fliould 
Jit  ftill,  in  rheir  nccuftomed  Manner;  left  their 
fudden  Rifmg  Ihould  add  more  Terror  both  to 
Court,  City,  and  Country:  Continually  fending 
out  Mcfiijngers  to  the  Lords  of  the  Council  for 

Mews.     After  two  Hours  wniting,  in  ilw  dreadful 
Situation,  pafuivc  Advice  came  tliat  the  King  was 


in  nerfeft  Heahh  and  Safrfv,  ano  that  !ie  would  he 

Ko;«i  otecuted, at  mitebail  m   the  Afternoon.     Thus  thii  Affiir 

blew  over,  and  the  of  it  Iiad  no  other  Ef- 

fcifl  than  10  hriften  the  Executions  of  ibc  Per  fens 


(A)  In  this  Ii.l-  StflitiR  if  Pirlijtrter.t,  an  Afl  wii  firil  p.-lT^d  fi>r 
onying;  x  hirram  nf  tlflH  Wattf  lu  il  c  North  Fajts  ot  ihc  Litv  of 
Ltxaan,  now  calrd  th*  Ne-v-Kivcr- Water, 


-     0/  E  N  G  L  A  IN  LF.       15- 

laien  and  condemned  for  the  Ps%vJer-Pkt.     For  ^„^ ,  ,j,j^  •  • 
che  Difcovcry  of  whiclt,    the  King  bellowed  on     '  /to^. 
the  Lord  MonteagU,    looi.  per  /Inttum,    in  Fee- 
Farm- Rents,  10  liim  and  his  Heirs  for  ever;    and 
500L  Annuit)',  for  his  Life,  as  a  Reward  for  thac 
good  Service,  (d) 

The  Parliament  met  again,  cxafltyi  on  the 
Day  a^jpointcd  by  the  l.ift  Prorogation ;  nothing 
materia!  happening  to  the  Slate  in  ihc  Interval. 
This  Seilion  was  opened  by  a  Speech  from  (he 
King,  which  is  prelerved  in  the  Journah  of  the 
Cmimsnij  heing  thus  introduced: 

*  After  fomeSpccch  ufed  by  the  Lend  Chancellor, 
touching  the  King's  Prefence,  at  that  Time,  being 
rot  ufual :  —  The  Manner  of  the  Loan  expelled 
to  be, repaid: — The  Matter  of  Gricvmces  pre- 
fcnted  by  the  Commons  in  the  preceding  Scffion 
of  Parliament :  —  His  Highnefs  began  to  fpeak 
to   this  Efft:<ft  :' 

*  A  JOVE  Principium:  AbounhisTimetwelve-ThcKing-s 

*  JTJL  rnonrh  were  we,  that  be  nuw  here  aflcmblcd,  sp«J^  *Ln''" 

*  afiemblcd  alfo  in   ibis  Place,  to  give  Thanks  unto  Anno  "Regni"*J^ 

*  God  for  the  great  Deiiverance,  not  of  myfelf,  but        1606. 

*  of  you  all,  and  of  al!  the  Body  of  the  State,  from'^*  Wcflminfiw. 
'  that  Treafon,  which   was  moft  terribly  intended 

'  againft  us  all ;  far  which  we  arc  bound  for  ever  to 

'  be  thankful  to  God. 

And  then  pioceedcd,  and  faid  : 

*  That  all  Propofiiions,  made  in  Parliament,  were 

*  made  in  two  Sorts ;  either  by  the  Kini:  to  his  Sub- 
'  j^ds,  or  by  the  Subjects  to  the  King.     That  in  the 

*  laft  Stffiuns  were  Propofiiions  of  boih  Sorts ;  both 

*  Concerning  Matters  of  Government  of  the  Com- 
'  monwealih,  proceeding  from  the  King,  and  Mai- 

*  ters  of  Grievance  of  the  Commonwealth,  which 

*  proceeded  from   ihc  Subjefls :  And   that  himfdt 
'  would  not  be  accounted  one  of  thofe  Kings,  that 

*  would  prefer  any  Prapofitions  of  his  own  before 


(J)  mifw  ift  K^nna,  p.  676.^ 

-Tib  liM  Mei::a£'f 

iJ8    The  Tarliameutary  HisTort 

Aa.  4-  Janes  I. '  tile  Peoples  juft  Complaints  ;  nor  one  of  ihofe* 
1606,       « tiidt  would  not  reform  any  ancient  Grievances, 

*  before  he  would  propofe  any  new  Col  fu  I  tat  ions. 

*  For  the  Grievances  ihemielvcs,  he  faid,  they  were 
'  collefted  with  more  Induftry^  ihnn  lawful  or  duti- 
'  ful  Diligence  ;  yet  the  Form,  wherein  they  were 

*  penned,  and  wherewith  they  were  prefented,  was 
'  (o  full  of  Difcredon  and  Moderation,  that  he  was 
*loth  his  Anfwer  fliould    fmell  of   the  Spirit   of 

*  Roboum* 
'  But  for  the  Matters  of  Grievance,  they  were 

*  fuch»  as,  if  they  were  unlawful,  ought  to  be  re- 

*  foimed  ;  or,  if  ihey  were  lawful,  and  yet  unlaw- 
«  fully  uled,  and   abufed  in  Execution,  the  Abufe 

*  was  to  be  reformed  *,  or,  if  they  were  doubtful  in 

*  Law,  were  fi:  10  be  referred  to  Trial  and  Judg- 
'  ment :  Which  Order  and  Diftinftion  he  had  ob- 
■  lervcd  in  all  his  Anfwers  and  Refolutions  to  every 

*  one  of  the  feveral  Grievances.     Whereupon   he 

*  obfervtd,  that  it  was  not  convenient  for  a  Parlia- 

*  ment  to  prefeni  any,  but  apparent,  publick,  and 

*  juft  Caufes  of  Grief ;  though  his  own  Nature  and 
'Mind  Were  ever  prepircd   to  relieve  any  private 

*  Complaint  of  any  private  Man,  that  might  appear 
'  to  be  juft.' 

'  But  there  rs  in  Parliament  (as  there  is  in   all 

*  Multimdts)  Diverfities  of  Spirits,  as  there  was  a- 

*  mon^ft  the  very  Apoft!es  themfelves  j  and  that 

*  fomc  of  thcni  were  more  popular,  than  profitable, 

*  cither  for  that  Council,  or  for  theCommonwealth  ', 

*  and  thai  there  were  fomc  Tribunes  of  the  People, 

*  whofe  Mouths  could  not  be  ftopped,  cither  from 

*  the  Matters  of  the  Puritans,  or  of  the  Purvcy- 
•ance.     But  for  himfelf,  he  would  never  make  a 

*  Separation  of  the  Peoples  Will,  and  the  Will  oi 
'  ihe  King  i  and  as  for  them,  that  would  make  any 
•Sciilure  or  Rupture,  either  of  the  Church,  or  of 

*  the  Commonwealth,  and  therein  were  fuch  Schif- 
'maticks,  he  ever  efteemed  Schifmatickaand  Here- 

*  licks  fubje£l  to  the  lame  Curfe.' 
*  But  fur  his  Part,  he  wondered,  how  the  Griev- 

'ance  of  the  Purveyance  flioijld  extend  fo  far  as  the 




Borders  j    and  profcfled,    that  al!  his  Study  and  An. «.  Junes  x, 

*  Care  had  continually  been,  toabOlUh  this  Griev-       1*06. 
•ance  of  Purveyance.     Then  he  laid,  be  would 

*  make  one  Admonition  unto  the  Lower-Houfe  o( 

*  Parlian:ient  j  viz>  That  they  ought  to  enter  into  a 

*  double  Confideratron  of  themfclves:  One,  as  they 
'  were  SuSje^s  in  general ;  another,  as  they  were 

*  fpecially  called  to  be  Counfellorsof  the  Kingdom  ; 
'  and  that  the  Thouj^ht  of  the  one  muft  not  make 

*  tliem  forget  the  Confideration  of  the  other.     Xhat- 

*  the  Parliament  was  not  fo  perpetual,  but  that  they, 

*  being  Subjetls,  were  fuhjedl   to  an  Account,  as 

*  Kings  thcmfdlvcs  were  i    who»    though   they  be 

*  exempt  from  any  Cenlure,  or  Corrc(iiion,  upon 

*  the  Kanh,  yet,  after  the  Expiration  of  their  Reigns 
'  and  their  Lives,  niult  yield  an  Account  to  the 
'  eternal  King:  And  thei-cfore  admonifhcd  them, 
'  to  bcware»  that  thty  were  not  like  harm,  the  Son 
«  of  Dadafus't  that  loared  fo  near  the  Sun  with  his 
'  Wings  of  Wax,  that  his  Wax  melted,  and  his 

*  Wings  failed,  and  down  he  fell :  And  therefore  he 

*  would  conclude,  with  Neptune  in  T/r^;/,  Sid 
«  AJotOi  prafiat  emiponefe  Ffuiiui ;  and  wiftcd,  that 

*  ihey  would  know  him,  and  obl'erve  him  ;  and  if 

*  that  any  fuch  Plebeian  Tribunes  Ihould  incur  any 

*  Offence,  or  commit  any  fuch  Error,  they  would 
•correft  them  for  it  ;  and  judj^e  thcmfelves  (as  St. 

*  Paul  (aith)  ihai  they  be  not  judged  ;  and  that  the 

*  whole  Body  receive  not  a  Wound  by  orxc  ill  Mem- 
*ber  thereof/ 

*  But  the  gicatcll  and  weighticft  Matter  of  all  \i 

*  ihls  Matter  of  the  Union ;  wherein  (he  faid)  the 

*  Goodnefsof  the  Matter  muft  fupply  his  Want  of 

*  Premeditation  ;  for  that,  which   lie   fhculd  fay, 

*  muft  proceed  our  of  fame  Infpiration,  becaufe  he 
<  had  fo  fmall  a  Time  of  Retpirution  to  conlider 

*  it ;    but  that  Gold  did  not  need  to  be  guilded, 

*  nor  precious  Stones  any  Ornament.     He  purpofeJ 

*  no  more,  but  to  reprefent  an  Idea  uf  the  (nccp- 

*  lion  and  Perfcttion  of  all  he  required  in  Ihis  Matter 
«  of  Union  ;   wherein    he   would  firft  anfwcr  all 

*  Objections,  that,  by  Men  of  humorous  or  malicious 


i6o    Th  Tarliameiitary  History 

"An.  «•  J»mei  I. '  '^^"'^5,  were  oppofed  againft  this  Union :  Secondly, 
1606.      ' '  he  would  ftiew  the  Moiive  of  his  Deiire  :  Thirdly, 

*  the  principal  Heads  of  his  Defire :  And  bftly, 
'  ihe  End  and  EiFeft,  ihe  Fruit  and  Benefit  of 
'  this  Union.' 

*  The  firft  Objedtion  is,  that  there  is  no  Necefliiy . 
'  of  an  Union;  and  that  therefore  his  but  lupcrfluoustj 
*  *  Whereunio  he  anfwered,  and  confcfled,  there  ii 

'  no  Ncccfiily  to  malte  an  Union,  for  it  is  alrcadyl 

*  made  ;  but  to  knit  and  bind  it,  that  it  do  not 
'  brrfak  into  Flaws  and  into  Cracks,  as  a  Contract 
'  is  neceflary  unto  Marriage :  And  that  this  Union 
'  was  neceflary,  not  ad  ejJ'Cy  but  ad  bene  effe  j  no» 

*  to  the  very  Efleace,  but  to  the  firm  Contmua.iicc 

'  of  This  Union  and  Marriage  of  both  ihefc  King**" 

*  doms  i  whereof  the  Creation  or  Conftitution  was! 

*  nor  now  required,  but  rather  a  Declaration  and 
'  ConhrmatiOn.' 

The  fccoad  Objet^ion  is  a  fcorrful  Ohjeflion  ; 

*  that  it  is  not  fo  rich,  or  fo  wealthy,  or  fo  potent 

*  a  Kingdom;  bui  that  the  People  are  more  impo- 
'  tent,  and  more  poor  :  Whercunto  (though  1:  were 

*  ijch  an  Objeilion,  as  were  more  fir  to  be  an- 
"  fweied  Fujiihus  quam  Ratlonibm)  he  would  an- 

*  fwer  ihem,  that  it  was  not  his  Purpofe  to  de- 
'  prive  England  of  it's  Laws,  nor  of  Goods,  nor  of 

*  Lands ;  but  to  lay  Siotiand  lubjeft  to  the  Laws  > 

*  and  that,  if  they  were  determined,  that  the  poor 

*  People  of  Evgb?id,  or  the  poor  or  barren  CounlrieaJ 

*  of  England,  fliould  he  no  Part  of  England-j    ihen.^ 

*  perhaps  Lhere  were  Tome  Caufe  he  fhould  be  better 
'  content,  that  Scotland  {ho\i\d  Hand  ttill  divided  and 
'  diftinguifiied  from  En^hmd :  But  if  IVaUs  were 
'  admi[ted  to  be  Parcel  of  England  \  if  the  Borders, 
'  which  arc  now  naturally  the  mi^^dlc  Part  of  rhc 
'  Larid  \  it  .ill  the  barren  Pans  of  England  wcic 
'  received  as  Parcels  thereof ;  he  knew  no  Caul'e, 

*  why  Scoiland^  which  w:is  not  To  barren  or  por.r,  as 
'  fome  Pans  uf  them,  fliuuld  not  as  well  be  adrait- 
'  ted  loan  Union  with  England:  And  if  iheGrcat- 

*  nefs  of  England  be  lb  great,  what  Decreafe  can  it* 
■  luflain  by  fuch  a  Participation  i  Or  if  ScHlaad  bel 


0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       i6i 

*  poor,  what  orher  Caufe  is  there  ihereof,  but  the  j^^  ^  lametl 

*  Want  of  ihis  Union  and  Pariicipation  with  £/iS'       1606. 
<  land?  And  when  was  there  ever  any  King,  or 

*  Kingdom,  to  whom  this  Principle  of  ampHanda 
t  Dominia  was  not  acceptable  and  honourable  ?* 

'  Bui  fome  (laid  he]  are  fo  fufpicious,  that  ihey 
'  dare  not  trull  the  prefcnt  Times,  nor  the  prefeot 

*  King,  with  i,his  Union  i  that  ibis  King  Is  a  partial 
•King;  he    had   his  Birth    tlicrc  ;   his  Education 

*  there;  all  his  Acquaintance.  l*'ami!iarity,  and  Con- 

*  vcrfation>  during  the  fiift  Part  of  his  Age,  hath 
«  been  there  ;  and  ihercfoic  il  cannot  be,  but  there 
»  rauft  be  Partiality  in  this  King  :  Wherein  (he  laidj 

*  he  would  pardon  them  the  double  Wrong  they 
**  did  both  to  hii»  and  tbemfclves.    For  himfelf,  he 

*  did  profefs,  thit  fo  miraculous  an  Applaufe,  as  he 

*  received  by  the  general  Voice  of  all  this  Nation, 

*  at  his  firft  Entrance,  had  prevailed  as  much,  and 

*  had  as  great  a  Part  of  his  Heart,  as  the  Place  of 
<  his  Birth ;  .ind  that,  as  Education  was  altera  Na- 

*  turat  fo  his  Rcfidcnce  and  Continuance  here  was 

*  ijIUra  Edueatie  1  and  that  there  was  no  Reafon  to 
«  fufpcO,  that  either  any  Ercflion  of  that  Nation, 

*  or  any  Suppreffion  of  this,  Ihould  beendanger'd  by 

*  this  Union ;  Therefore,  qui  hnhst  Aures,  audiat  ; 

*  let  them  that  have  Ears,  hear,  and  know,  that 
«  there  can  no  Servitude  nor  Diminution,  but  Aug- 
«  mentation  and  Freedom,  be  brought  by  this  Unioo 

to  this  Nation.* 

'  For  the  Motive  of  his  Dellre,  he  acknowledged 
his  Affe^iou  lo  Sioiland^  wherein  he  had  his  Birth 
,  and  Education,  and  wherein  he  led  the  firft  Part  of 
4  his  Age;  and  if  he  fhould  be  unthankful  to  that 
,  Kingdom,  wherein  he  had  fjxjnt  Ihc  firft  Parr, 
,  what  might  ibey  expefl  of  him  in  this  Kingdom, 
,  wherein  he  fhould  fpend  the  Iccond  and  lail  Part 
,  of  his  Age:  And  that  therefore  he  did  fo  equally 
,  efleem  thcfe  two  Kingdoms,  betwixt  which  he 
,  was  fo  equally  divided,  as  two  Brothers,  and  as  if 
^  they  had  equ.-l  Parts  of  his  Affeflions;  and  did 
,  dcfue,  tliey  ftiuuld  be  united  and  fubjeftcd  both 
J  to  one  Rule  and  to  one  Law.  His  fecond  Motive 
VgL,  V.  L  '  was. 

1^2     TheTarHameutary  HisToar 

'  *«£""'''  ^^^»  *^^^  ^^  knew  himfelf  to  be  mortal,  as  otiietj 
"06.        {  ^^gjj  3jg  .  jj^j  ji^gj  after  him  there  could  never  be 

*  any  fo  equally  and  fo  amply  aifeiled  to  them  both/ 
«  His  third  Motive  was  this,   that  if  this  Propofi- 

~  *  lion  fliould  be  difappointed  of  it's  due  Succefs, 

*  being  known,  as  il  was,  lb  publickly  to  fo  many 

*  Natrons,  and  the  Eye  of  all  the  World  in  Expec- 
'  tatian  of  the  Evem;  if  It  fail'd,  it  would  be  im- 
'  puted  either  to  his  Folly,  to  propofe  it,  or  to  the 

*  Obflinacy  of  his  People,  not  to  approve  It.     For 

*  the   three  Heads  of  his  Defire,  he  protefled,   he 

*  wiflieii  himfelf  no  lorger  alive,  but  dead,  if  his 

*  Delires  were  not  directed  to  the  common  Wealth 

*  of  both  Kingdoms ;  which  might  appear  to  al! 
'  fuch,  as  did  kindly  and  naturally  examine  and  try 

*  the  Reafons  of  his  Defire,  and  did  not  prefer  the 

*  Fear  of  future  Apprchenfions  before  prefentTruths: 

*  And  his  Defire  was  no  more,  but  of  the  fame  Ef-J 
'  feit,  which  of  himfelf  he  had  Power  to  accom- 

*  plifh,    wiihout  the  Parliament ;   not   that   the/ 

*  fbould  perform  it,  but  that  they  Ihould  concur 

*  with  him  to  the  Pcrfeflion  of  it.' 
*  For  the  three  Heads,  they  were  but  thefc:  The 

'  fi;ft,  every  Man  would  acknowledge,  that  there 
'  was  now  no  Caufe  of  Hoftllity  or  War ;  and 

*  therefore  no  Ciufe  but  that  all  Laws  and  Ordin- 
'  ances  of  Hoftility  mi^ht  be  exiinguifhcd.     The 

*  fccond  was  ibat  which  every  Man  mufl  acknow- 

*  led^e  to  be  commndious,  and  that  which  aJ!  Na- 

*  tions  in  Amity  and  Peace,  though  foreign,  and 
'  fiibjeft  ID  fcvfral  Dominions,  did  admit  and  em- 

*  brace,  Freedom  of  Commerce  andTnffick.  The 
«  third  is  but  that  his  Subjects  may  be  adjudged  to 
'  be  his  Subjefls  ;  and  that  thofe,  that  were  bom 

*  his  Subjei^s.  before  he  was  King  of  England^  may 
«  h^.ve  this  Benefit,  to  be  eftecmed  his  Subjedls,  now 

*  he  is  King :  And  fincc  tlicre  is  no  Caufe  to  ac- 
«  count  them  Aliens,  but  becaufe  they  were  born 

*  under  his  Dommions,  before  he  was  King  here ; 

*  now  ibat  he  is  King,  m:iy  be  privileged,  as  thofe 

*  that  are  born  under  him,  being  their  King.    As 

*  for  ScstUad  iifclf  [wherecjf  was  once  made  an 

'  Ob- 

qr  ENGLAND.      j6j 



Aji.  4-  Jsnm  I. 

t  is  content  to  embrace 
And  therefore  now  let  that,  which  hath  been 

*  fought  fo  much,  and  fo  long,  and  (o  often,  by 
'   Blood,  and  Fire,  and  by  the  3ward,  now  it  is 

*  brought  and  wrought  by  the  Hand  of  God,  be 

*  embraced  and  received  with  an  Hallelujah  ;  and 

*  let  it  be  as  /f^aifs  was,  and  as  all  the  Heptarchy 

*  was,  united  to  Engbnd^  as  the  Principal ;  and  let 

*  all  at  laft  be  compounded  and  united  into  one 

*  Kingdom,     And    fince  the  Crown,    and   the 

*  Scepter,  Juftjce,  and  Law,  and  al],  is  rcfident 
'   and  repoltd   here ;    there  can  be  no  Fear  to 

*  this  Nation,  but  that  they  fhall  for  ever  continue 

*  continual  Friends,   and  fhall  ever  acknowledge 
'  one  Church,  and  one  King ;  and  be  joined  in  n 

*  perpetual  Marriage,  for  the  Peace  and  Profperity 

*  of  both  Nations,  and  for  the  Honour  of  iheir 

*  King.' 
*  And  fo  concluded,  that  fithence  Union  was 

*  the  very  ElTcnce  of  Divinity,  and  the  Staff  of  all 

*  Slates  i  was  the  Bond  of  Marriage,  the  Strength 

*  of  Families,  the  Increafe  of  Kingdoms,  and  the 
'   KiTs  of  Enemies  j  let  us  all  embrace  ir,  that  we 

*  may  all  enjoy  it.     And  ss  the  laft  SelUon  made 
'  Provifion  for  the  State,  and  the  Regiment^  and 

*  the  Policy  of  \\m  Kingdom ;   let  this,  though 

*  the  Labour  be  fafchious  and  troublcfcme,  pro- 

*  vide  for  the  Amplitude  and  the  Union  of  both 

*  Kingdoms,    to  the  Glory  of  God,    and  the 

*  Honour  of  the  King.* 

TTie  Affair  of   the  Union  being  thus  warmly  „       .- w.  - 
preflcd  by  the  King;  it  was  purfued  with  great  Vi-  nj^  unkn,  iji 
gour  in  bothHoufcs,  throughout  the  whole  CourreP'"f"''nce  of  the 
of  Ibis  Sclllon.     The  Houle  of  Lords  began  with  *^"8'>  Sp«ch. 
it  on  the  fecond  Day  of  their  Meeting ;  when,  an 
Inftrumcnt  for  the  Vn:on,  ready  drawn  up,*  by  the 
Commiffioners  of  both  Kingdoms,  was  produced 
t>v   the  Lord  Chancellor,  and  read ;    who.  alfo, 
moved  that  the  faid  Inftrumen:  might  be  fcnt  down 
to  the  other  Hoiife :  Which  was  done  accordingly  i 
with  this  Meflage,  '  That  the  laid  Inftiument  had 
L  2  bceci 



The  TarliameWary  Histort 

been  read  in  their  Houfe;  but,  becaufe  it  concer- 
ned both  Houftrs,  it  was  fent  down  to  be  read 
there,  in  like  Manner;  to  the  Knd  that  they  might 
be  well  informed  of  the  Conieius  before  any  fur- 
ther Proceedings  were  made/ 

The  Commons  did  not  return  an  Anfwcr  till 
ibree  Days  after ;  when  they  acquainted  iheirLord- 
fliips,  '  That  the  Inftrumcnt  for  the  Umcn  had 
been  read,  alfo,  in  their  Houfe,  and  feverai  Copies 
taken  of  i:  i  and  that  they  now  returned  it  back  to 
the  Lords,  for  fiich  further  Proceedings  as  they 
fhould  chink  fit.'  On  this  the  Lords  fent  another 
Mellage  to  them,  importing,  feme  Commenda- 
tions for  the  Commons  peruiing  and  taking  Copies' 
of  the  faid  Inftrumenti  and  defiring  that  another 
Conference  might  be  held  by  the  Comminioners  of 
both  Houfes.  The  Commons  having  returned  a 
farisfaftory  Anfwer  to  this  laH:  Mi:(i!tge,  iheLordj 
chole  forty  of  their  Body  for  a  Committee,  who 
were  appoiDted  to  meet  with  eighty  of  the  other 
Houfe,  on  the  25th  of  November^  to  trest  about 
this  grand  Afjair. 

The  Inflrument  for  the  l/»««  was  read  in  the 

Houfe  of  Commons  Ncvembgr  21ft,  and  is  enter- 

of  the  Union    ^^i  ^^  length,  in  Xhcxxjournah;  but  is  too  tedious 

read  in  ih*  Houfe  to  be  rccitcd.     And,  we  thcraiher  omit  it,  becaufe 

01  CcinoKns.     jhc  Springs  and  Moiiom  of  this  grand  Machine 

are  more  fuccindly  defcribed  in  the  Lords  ycurnals ; 

which,  for  Brevity's  fake,  we  fhall,  chiefiy  follow, 

in  the  Proceedings  of  this  Seffion  now  btfore  u*. 

Two  Days  after  the  firft  Conference,  the  Com- 
mons fent  a  MeOkge  to  the  Lords»  '  Commending 
the  honourabje  Uiage  which  the  Lords  Commif- 
fioners  had  given  to  their  Committee  at  the  Confe- 
rence. That  the  Propafiiion  had  been  confidered 
of  by  their  Houlc;  and  lince  they  held  ihJs  Mat- 
ter ro  Bfe  very  gtcar  and  weighty,  fo  much,  as  to 
concern  ihe  Conjundtion  of  two  Kingdoms,  which 
had  been  long,  heretofore,  in  Enmity  ;  they  in- 
tended to  fettle  theDifputein  four  Points,  which 
they  took  to  be  the  Subftance  of  the  Inftrument 
for  the  Vnisn.*    Thcic  Points  weie, 

I.  Hoftile 




or   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      i6s 

1.  Hoftile  Laws*  An. 4.  Juoai. 

2.  Border  Laws.  '^«' 

3.  Naiuralizaiion. 

4.  Commerce. 

«  The  firft  two,  chev  faid,  were  Matters  beft  fit- 
ting their  Lord&ips  K.nowiedge,  and  propcrcr  for 
the  Higher  Houfe  to  difcufe  i  being  Affairs,  more 
efpecially,  of  Policy  and  Stale.  The  other  two 
they  will  take  upon  ihcmlclves  to  manage,  as 
Things  appertaining  to  the  whole  tJody  of  the 
Realm,  and  therefore  fitccr  for  the  Lower  Houfe 
of  Parliament.' 

The  Anrwer  returned  by  the  Lords  to  this  laft 
MeHage  of  the  Commons,  on  the  Day  after,  was 
to  this  Effcft  ;  *  That  their  Lordfhipa,  h.iving  con- 
Jidcrcd  of  their  Mcfla^e,  did  fignify  eo  ihat  Houfe, 
that  they  ihouijhl  the  Beginning  and  End  of  their 
jwnt  Coramiitees,  in  this  f/w^n-Affiir,  was  to 
inculcate  and  pcrfe^lan  Uniformity  in  Confulta- 
cioD  and  Debase  at  iheir  Conferences  about  ir,  and 
which  occafioned  their  Lordfhips  10  defire  a  Meet- 
ing- But,  as  yet,  ihey  found  it  had  produced  no- 
thing but  a  MclTage ;  in  which,  as  their  Lordlhips 
Expectations  were  not  aufwcred,  confidcring  with 
what  Plainnefs  and  Freedom  they  had  proceeded, 
fo  they  think  ii  improper  to  receive  any  Propofi- 
itons  from  them,  before  fuch  Points  were  jointly 
fettled  between  them  by  whom  ihcy  were  10  be 
iiandlcd.  For  firft,  they  faid,  every  Member  had 
an  Equality  of  Intercft,  in  every  Particular,  rightly 
confidcrcd.  Secondly,  Their  Lordfhips  conceived 
it  a  kind  of  Diminution  in  Capacity  of  the  Low- 
er Houfe,  to  think  that  any  Thing  is  too  great  for 
them,  or  too  little  for  the  Lords:  Efpecially,  m 
what  concerns  eveiy  Member  of  either  Houfe»  in 
his  Perfon,  in  his  Blood  and  Fortune.  Ncverthe- 
Icfs,  aIthoug;h  the  Lords  ftUl  remain  difpoftd  as  be- 
fore, both  for  Love  and  Order,  to  ddire  that  mu- 
iu.ll  Satisfaiflion  wliich  Conferences  commonly 
work  in  Minds  well  affi^tedi  yet,  if  the  Com- 
mon',  upon  fecond  Thoughts,  do  ftill  miflike  of 
Conference,  iJieir  Lordfhips,  to  lofc  no  Time,  sre 
L  3  refoJved 

i66    The  Varllamentary  Histort 

A"'**vJj^'-refol7ed  to  proceed  in  their  own  Way  without 
'*°^'       them,  and  leave  the  Commons  to  follow  their 
Courfe  by  themfelves.* 

It  is  eafy  to  fee,  by  the  Purport  of  this  laft  Mcf- 
fage,  where  the  Remorav!3A  that  hindered  the  Pro* 
grefs  of  this  intended  Uniotty  fo  much  defired  by 
the  King.     The  Lords,  as  they  generally  were, 
,    feemed  ready  to  compliment  the  Court ;   but  the 
Commons  were  not  to  be  induced,  fo  eafiiy,  to 
confent  to  this  Innovation.     However,  they  re- 
turned a  civil   Anfwer   to   the  laft  Meflage  of 
the  Lords;    importing,  *  That  they  were  forry 
their  Lordfliips  had  miftaken  their  Meaning,  and 
imagined  they  had  refufed  Conference,  or  had  a 
Purpofe  or  Meaning  to  prefcribe  and  limit  the  Pro* 
ceedings  of  that  Houfe.     They  defired  their  Lord- 
fliips to  know,  that  they  had  no  fuch  Intention  of 
either  diminifliing  the  Liberty  or  Capacity  of  their 
own  Houfe,   or  what  is  more,  the  Dignity  of  the 
Houfe  of  Lords.    But  that  their  Meaning  was 
only,  to  offer  that  Motion  of  digefting  and  order- 
ing of  the  four  principal  Points,  as  they  conceived, 
in  the  Inftrument  of  the  Ufiion  \   that  their  Lord- 
ihips  might,   if  they  pleafed,   undertake  two  of 
them.     But  now,  that  they  underftood  their  Lord- 
fliips Mind,  by  the  laft  MelTage,  they  defire  to  let 
them  know,  that  they  are  willing  to  enter  into 
Confideration  of  the  whole  Body  of  the  Inftru- 
nienr,  and  debate  the  feveral  Matters  therein  con- 
tained amongft  themfelves,   that  they  may  be  bet- 
ter prepared  for  a  Conference,  which  they  will 
then  be  ready  to  attend;  and  deiire  their  Lordfliips 
Concurrence  with  them/     Anfwer  was  immedi- 
ately returned,  that  the  Lords  are  well  fatisfied 
^vith  the  Courfe  the  Commons  had  now  prefcribed, 
9nd  defire  they  would  proceed  in  it,  as  they  them- 
felves intended,  with  ExpeJition. 

Thv  Lords  went  next  upon  regulating  their  own 
Committee  :ts  to  their  Mrmner  o\  I'j^eaking,  in  the 
Debate,  .^t  the  Con  rcnce.  They  relaxed  fomc 
Rules  and  Orders  ufru  w  [he  Houfe  j  as  the  Order 
(or  fpeuking  but  oncc  to  a  Bill,  at  one  Time  of 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      167 

Reading,  ^c.  and  left  it  open  to  any  Lord  to  fpeak  An.  4.  jjnwi  ] 
and  deliver  his  Mind,  upon  any  Point,  as  often  as  >*o6' 
he  faw  Occafion.  It  was  alio  agreed,  thai  all 
the  Judges,  or  fuch  of  them  as  are  preicnt  in 
the  Houfc,  (hall  attend  the  Lords  at  their  Ccnfc- 
rcnce,  from  Time  to  Time;  to  give  their  Opi- 
nions  in  any  Point  of  Law. 

Thefe  Prelimnaricsheing  fettled,  the  Conference 
between  the  Committees  ot  hoih  H.  ufts,  on  ihe 
Matter  of  t/w;M,  began  •,  but  no  citar  Acccui.t  of 
it  can  be  met  with  in  ihe  J surnuis  of  ekhpr  Moiife, 
However,  we  find  it  continued  lill  Decm'^tf  the 
iSih,  when  the  Lords  fent  a  Mellage  to  the  Com- 
mons fignifying,  '  That  it  was  hia  MajcftyV  Plea- 
sure, that  both  Houies  Oiould  adjourn  thcmfelves 
to  the  joth  Day  of  February  ciifurng.'  Tht-  I^ird 
Chancelloi:  made  a  fhort  Speech  to  the  Lurds, 
*  That  it  was  hi3  Majcily's  exprcfi  Command  to 
all  the  Lords,  to  appear  and  attend  duly  at  the  ntxt 
Meeting.  And,  whereas  fevcral  of  them  had  been 
abfent  this  SefTion,  by  Licence  from  his  Majefty, 
cither  on  account  of  Sickncfs  or  Bufmefs,  his 
Meaning  was,  that  they  fhould  give  their  Atten- 
dance as  ibon  as  ever  iheir  Bufinefs  was  dilpatched, 
or  their  Health  recovered.* 

The  "Jmrnet  of  the  Commons  ends  this  fhort 
SelIion>  if  it  may  be  called  one,  in  this  Manner; 

*  Die  Jovis  tS'  Decemhris  1606. 
'  Sir  John  Crook  and  Mr  Dr.  /faw  bring  this  _,    _  ,. 
^eflagc  from  the  Lords,  That  his  MajcOy  conH-  iiJLoJd.""*"" 
dering  the  great  Travel  of  the  Knights,  CiiiMna, 
and  Burgelfes,  Committees  employed  in  Matter  of 
the  Unions  and  that  the  folcmn  Keaft  of  Chrijien- 
mafi  approaching,   it  were  fit  that  ihe  Gentlemen 
repaired  into  their  fevcral  Countries,  to  folacc  ihcm- 
iielvcs,  comfort  their  Neighbours,  and  perform  other 
Duties   in   their   feveral  Places :    Therefore,   his 
Hig^nefs  hath  fignifieJ  his  Plaafure  to  be,  thai  lhi» 
Scllion  fhouldbe  adjourned.    And  becaufe  this  Bufi- 
nefs [ni[»,ht:be  no  Hmdrarce  to  the  common  Juftice 
ci  the  Realm,  in  the  rcim-Time,  his  Majefty's 



ii58    The  Tarlimnentary  History 

T&4  ijmwi  I.  ^'"'^^^  ^^^  ^°  adjourn  it  until  the  loth  of  Fe- 
1606.  bruary  following^  being  wilhin  ihree  Days  of  the 
End  of  the  Term.* 

*  Upon  this  MeiTage  Mr.  Speaker  adjourned  the 
Court  according  to  his  Majefty's  faid  Pleafure.' 

'  Note:  A  Seifion  adjourned,  upon  a  Meflage 
from  the  Lords  fignifying  his  Majcfty's  Pleafure.' 

'  N6te:  The  Intcrraiflion  of  Adjournment  Cft'll 
continued  one  and  the  fiimeSeflion)  was  one  whoJe 
Month  and  twenty  three  Days.' 

TheymKtagain       '^^^  '^^^  ^^  Febyuary  being  come,  the  Parlia- 
ami  rcfuma  the' ment  met  again,  and  the  fame    Admonition  for 
Conriij-rntioii  of  ftfiitt  Attendance  was  given  to  the  Lords,  by  ihe 
ij»e  Umfln,        Chancellor,   as  he  ha-J  it  in  Command  from  the 
King.     On  the  i4lh  ihe  Lords  fenca  Meflage  to 
the  Commons  to  acquaint  them,  *  That  they  had 
eniered  into  Confider-^iicn  of  thofe  Things,  which 
had  already  parted  in  Conference,  concerning  the 
Uithn.     That  ihc  two  Points,  relating  to  H«ftth 
Laws  and  Comfneree^  liave  been  handled  but  not 
pcrfefted.     Tbai  the  third  Point,  touching  Naiu- 
ralizathny    remained  wholly   to    be  treated   of; 
which,  being  done,  both  Houfes  might  bericr  con- 
fidcr  what  further  Courfe  may  be  taken  for  framing 
anJ  proceeding  in  (-"nis,  fit  for  the  Purpofe-     And 
therefore  the  Lords defire  a  new  Conference  on  this 
Occafion.'     Anfwer  was  Jmmediilelv  returned  by 
the  Commons,  that  th?y  agreed  theteto;    but,  as 
the  Puint  of  h'cturali%ation  was  not  yet  touched 
upon,  iliey  were  not  ready  to  treat  ahoui  iti    and 
therefore   dcfire  ih«  Lords  to  give  them  farther 
Time.    .On  the  22d  of  February^  the  Lords  re- 
ceived nnoihcr  MciVagc  Irom   them,  imi>oning, 
*  That  they  were  ready  ro  fpcak  to  one  Part  of 
the  Point  of  Nafuralizaticu,  wliich  was,  of  fuch 
of  the  Scitth  Narion  as  hjd  been  born  J:ftcf  his 
Majcfty  came  to  the  Crown-     Accordingly,  Fe- 
^ruiity  ii;e  24th  was  app<i^nted,  by  the  Lords,  ro 
begin  the  Cuntcience,  anJ  all  ilic  Judges  ordered 
fO  aitif^ud  it. 


0/  EN  G  L  A  N  D.       i6p 

'  What  wc  find  this  Ufiicn  chiefly  ftuck  upon,  by  An.  4.  jim»1 
the  Jmmals^  was  the  hit  mentioned  Point  of  A'd-  «*=«• 
taraiizatien.  And,  on  the  very  firft  Day  of  ihis 
ftcond  Conference,  ihe  Jud^  being  required  to 
give  their  Opinion  concerning  that  Particular,  ele- 
ven out  of  twelve  of  them  declared*  '  That  I'uch 
of  the  Seotthy  as  have  been  or  (h»ll  be  born  in  Scat- 
iandy  Jinci  his  Majefty's  coming  to  the  Crown, 
were  not  AHens\  but,  arc  inheritable  in  this  Realm 
by  the  Law,  as  it  now  Itands  in  Fcnxe,  as  Native 

Several  Reports  were  made  in   the  Houfe  of 
Lords,  concerning  this  Conference,    and   divers 
MeiTages  fcnt  between  the  two  Houlcs  about  it; 
but  none  of  them  of  any  ^eat  Signification  until 
the  3d  of  MarcK     When,  a  MefTage  was  rentpif  ^^  ^^^ 
from  the  Commons,  in  Writing,  in  Aniwcr  to  the  iw*  Houfe 
one  the  Lords  had  fent  the  Day  before,  in  the  fame^.-'Keauni  the 
M»nner,ioprevcntMiftake5.     Imponiiig,  "'^^^^,^1^71^'^ 
whereas  the  Meflage  from  their  liOrdfhips  was  for 
a  further  Conference  on  NaturalizatioH  in  general  $ 
the  Commons  undcrftanding  it  to  mean  NaturaH- 
zatiott  of  the  Ante-Nati  and  Pe/UNati,  and  of  the 
Conveniency  of  it,   with   fuch  Limitations  and 
Rcftraints  as  mig^t  be  fit  for  both;  they  will  enter 
into  Conlideration  of  it  in  fuch  Senle  as  they  con- 
ceive it,  and  will  prepare  ihemiclres  for  Conference 
as  foon  as  polTible.' 

To  this  the  Lords  inft.intly  replied,  '  That  their 
Meflage  10  the  Commons  was  to  confer  on  Nafu- 
ralization  in  gcrwral ;  of  which,  what  Expofillon 
Or  Interpretation  they  fhall  make,  Uie  X>ords  do 
leave  to  their  own  Judgment  and  Conceits.  That 
their  Lordftiips  arc  ready  now  to  confer  with  litem 
on  the  general  Point ;  and  withal,  the  LQrds  do 
move  them  and  exped  that  the  Commons  will  be 
expeditious  in  the  Matcer.' 

Affairs  now  began  to  grow  a  li[t!e  warm  between 
the  two  Houfc5,  about  the  Bufinefs  of  the  Unions 
whii.h  fhewed  the  King  very  plainly,  that  his 
hopetjl  Project  was  iti  a  fair  Way  of  being  eniire- 
\y  quaOied.     The  Commans  lent  another  MeHage 


1 70    The  Tarltamentary  Histort 

An*- Jj*s»i' to  the  Lords,  the  Day  after  the  laft  mentioned, 
'****'  to  ihisEffea;  '  That  they  had  entred  intcCon- 
fideration  of  the  Lords  Reply  to  ihcir  !aft  Anfwer ; 
and  do  perceive  that  the  Conftrudion  and  Under- 
ftanding  of  the  Meflage  is  left  to  their  own  Judg- 
ments. Wherein,  if  their  Lordfhips  are  to  treat 
again  of  the  Pojl-Natiy  in  what  Sort  rhey  ftand  in 
Law,  the  Mellengcr  [Sir  Edward  Hobby]  faid,  he 
was  commanded  to  tell  them,  that  they  all  knew 
the  Commons  Opinton  and  Inclination  in  that 
Point ;  and,  fince  thic  Time,  they  had  not  feen, 
heard,  nor  undcrftood  any  thing,  to  the  contrary, 
that  might  fecm  to  make  them  alter  their  Opinbn. 
If,  of  the  Ante-N&ti  and  Conveniency  of  Natura- 
hzation^  they  hold  it  to  be  a  Matter  of  Siaie ;  and 
jb  it  is  fitter  to  have  a  Beginning  in  the  Upper 
Houfe,  who  are  he»ter  acquainted  with  thcfe  Af- 
fairs. Yel,  notwithltanding,  if  the  Lords  were 
difpofed  to  deal  freely  wirh  them,  give  Light  and 
lay  open  ihemfclves,  and  make  known  in  what  Sort 
they  mean  10  proceed,  they  will  be  ready  to  attend 
the  Service.* 

The  Commons  Meflengers  were  ordered  to  with- 
draw ;  and  (hortly  after  the  Lords  returned  an  An- 
Jwer,  by  MelTengcrs  of  their  own,  to  this  Import. 
■  That  as  the  Strength  of  both  Houfes  confiflcd  in 
nothing  more,  than  the  Prefervation  of  the  Right 
and  Privilege  juftly  and  properly  belonging  to 
cither  J  fo,  in  that  Refpedl,  the  Lords  are  y^Tj  ten- 
der in  (uilering  any  thing  to  pafs  unanfwered  where- 
of there  may  arife  the  lead  Mifunderltanding. 
Therefore^  iiliho'jgh  fome  Words,  delivered  by 
the  Gentleman  appoinied  to  fpcak  for  the  Lower 
Houfe,  gave  fome  Offence,  yet,  all  their  LordHiips 
did  conceive  they  were  only  a  Lepfus  Liftgute  in 
his  own  Perfon,  to  which  any  Man  may  be  lub- 
jc£t  :  Bui,  being  fpoken  at  that  Time,  and  by  a 
Ffribn  qual  tied  ss  their  Moulh,  the  Lords  did  not 
ihink  it  fafc  for  them  to  conceal  it  from  ibe  Cc^m- 
mons ;  for  if  it  had  been  ciiicrwiie  uken  than  the 
Gentleman's  private  A^ion,  they  muft  have  ufeJ 
that  Freedom  which  is  ncccUaty  from  cnc  Friend 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      171 

to  another,  in  telling  them  that  they  will  never  ***•  ♦•  j^""  '• 
acknowledge  any  Man,  that  fitteth  in  the  Lower        ' 
Houfe,  to  have  the  Right  and  Title  of  a  Baron  of 
Parliament.  Though  fome  private  Gentlemen,  that 
fit  as  Burt^eflcs  for  Cinque-Porti,  may  have  fuch  an 
Appellation  where  they  refide:    No  more  could 
they  admit  the  Term  of  the  Commons  Cwrt  of 
Parliament;   becaufe  their  whole  Houfe,    without 
the  Lords,  can  make   no  Court  of    Judicature. 
But  now,  as  to  the  Matter  itfelf,    having  faid 
enough   of  the  Miflake,  the  Lords   added  they 
were  very  forry  to  find  fo  much  Rcfcrvaiion  to- 
wards thoi'c  that  meant  to  ufe  fo  much  Freedom ; 
their  Lordfhips  being  fo  well  perfuadcd  of  the  Com- 
mons  good  Affed^ions  to  the  general  Caufe  as  they 
were  ;  and  are  willing  ftill  to  offer  Conference,  in 
general  Terms,   even  on  that  particular  Title  of 
Niaturalization.     Therefore,  they  thought  fit  for 
the  prefeni,  once  again  to  declare  thvw  much  unto 
them.  That  they  have  not  hadamongft  themfelvea 
any  particular  Deliberation,  either  in  Point  of  Law 
or  Convcniency,   about  this  mturaiizing  Affair; 
becaufc  ihcy  did  intend  lo  meet  the  Commons,  free 
from  any  Obligation  by  any  Voice  or  Opinion, 
upon  any  fingic  Branch  of  it,    before  they  had  in 
fome  Meafure  conferred  of  the  whole ;   according 
to  the  firft  Inftitution  of  the  Conference,  as  being 
ihe  only  Way  to  come  to  a  good  and  fpeedy  End. 
And,  as  their  Mcflcngcr  ufcd  a  Phrafeof  their  Re- 
iblution  to  attend  the  Service,   the  Lords  declared 
\inlo  iheni,   that  ihey  underftand  thai  Expreflion, 
as  a  Proroife  to  confer  as  well  as  to  hear  what  may 
be  faid  of  the  Mat;er ;    left,  when  the  Lords  ex- 
pert a  Conference,  an  Audience  only  may  be  offered. 
In  which  Confercnct-  ihtrc  can  be  no  Difficulty, 
feeing  'hey  come  to  debate  rind  argue  without  Cou- 
clufiun  ;  and  no  M:m's  Thought  can  be  fo  great  a 
Stiar^ger  as  not  to  det>ate  the   Matter,  in   fome 
Degree  or  other,     'lo  wliich  Intent,  their  Lord- 
ihJp  would  be  ready   to  n.eet  the  Commons,  if 
they  fo  like  it,  :H  tht  uii.!  Place,    on  the  7th  of 
March,  at  two  ia  ihe  AUcrooou/ 


17^     TheTarliamenfary  History 

fti).4.  Jamet  I.      ^^  ^^y  ^^  Cuppofed  the  Commons  fent  a  more 
1606.       complying  Anfwcr  to  this  lall  Mclliigc  of  the  Lords, 
(tbo*  there  is  noihing  entered  in  the  Journals  of 
Aliinb  the  5th  but  this,  viz.  '  Mcflage  Irom  the 
Jvower  Houfc  by  Mr.  Mat  tin  and  others./   For  the 
Conference  did  bcg^n,  on  ihc  7ih,  as  the  Lords  de- 
fired.     It  was  agreed  at  this  Meeting,  by  the  whole, 
that,  to  prevent  Confulion,  the  Number  of  the 
Cuminitlce  of  each  Houfe  fliould  be  lelTened  from 
forty  Lords   to  twenty,    and  from  eighty   Com- 
moners to  forty.     Accordingly,  we  find  that  the 
Lords  retluctd  theirs  to  the  Archbifliop  of  CanUr- 
bury  and  fix  other  BiQiops ;    tiie  Lord  Chancel- 
lor aud  Lurd   rreamar,  five  Earls  and  fix  BaroDs. 
ThcfeSub-Commitrees*  it  was  fuppofed,  were  like- 
ly to  bring  Matters  fooner  to  ^  Conclufion  than  the 
larger;  but,  it  did  not  anfwer  the  Intention.     For,  j 
though  tiiey  had  fen^ral  Meetings,  on  many  diffe-' 
rent  Days,  ye:  nothing  was  done  that  tended  any 
Way  towards  an  Agreement-     On  the  contrary, 
"Wc  *ind  that,  on  the  27ih  of  March^  the  Lords 
icnt  another  complainini;  Meflage  to  tlie  Com- 
mons, importing,    *  That   their  Committee  had 
ftrangely  prevaricated  with  ihtm  ;    for  that  tho' , 
their  [^ordfhips  came  with    full  Power  and  Pur- 
pole  to  dehver  their  Opinions    openly,  yet  the 
Unexpet^ed  Rcferva:ion    of    the    Commons    in 
hearing  and  not  fpcaking  to  the  Matter,  had  taken 
away  the  Life  of  the  Intended  Conference:    Er- 
pecinlly  confjdcring  thar,  inflead  ^i  a  free  and, open 
Debate  between  them,  their  LcrdChips  had  met 
with  (uch  a  Diftinition,  as  did,  in  Effeii,  clofc 
up  all  and  crofs  direitly  tiic  Purpote  for  which 
they    were   fent.     And  yer,  out  of  their  Defire 
that  the  Work  may  not  fu5er  InterrLiplion,  by 
any  Miftakings  or   too   exaitl    Forin.ihties ;    ihe 
whole  Hou(e,  upon   the  Report  of  their  Com- 
mittee to  thern,  have  reftdveH  en  make  this,J 
ther  Propofitiun:    That  if  the  Commons  would" 
fend  a  Committee,  aulhorif^d  bo'h  to  hear  their 
Propofiiiona    and  Realhns    for    foine   Differettce 
between  the  Ptjl-uati  and  Lhc  AnU-mtiy   in  Point 

*  Of 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       173 

of  Convcnicncy  only,  without  Regard  to  any  Aa.*.  JhiwU 
Thing  that  hath  or  may  be  laid  in  Point  of  Law ;  ' 
and  to  debate  thereupon,  by  VVay  of  Argument 
only,  as  their  Deputies  should  find  Occafion, 
without  concluding  them  or  binding  the  Com- 
mons by  any  Thing  fpoicen  at  that  Time:  Why 
then,  the  Lords  laid,  \o  requite  fuch  free  and 
infienuous  Manmr  of  Conference,  which  they  had 
ever  ricfircd,  they  were  ready  to  meer  the  other 
Committee  again  \  and  open  themfelves,  by 
way  of  PropofiLion  and  Argument,  in  all  thofe 
Points  left  untreated  of.*  Aniwery  "  That  Ihc 
Commons  would  tend  one,  by  tome  of  their  own 
Houfe,  as  foon  asconvcnienly  they  may.* 

But  no  diiedt  Anlwer  was  ever  fent  from  the 
Commons  to  the  Loids,  on  ihislaft  Mefltige,  that 
we  can  find  s  nor  did  the  Committees  meet  again 
to  confer  on  this  Matter.  However,  the  Com- 
mons did  not  wholly  flight  this  grand  Affair  \  but, 
in  order  to  give  fomc  Samfa^tion  to  the  King  in 
his  ExpectalionB,  a  iJill  ws^:  brought  in  and  pafled 
that  Houfe,  entituled,  Au  An  /or  tht  uutr  AboU' 
thn  cf  all  AUmo'-y  of  Hff/iit::y^  and  the  DependanH 
therecf  beturieji  England  rivd  Scmland,  ^md  fcr  ti)€ 
rcbrfhng  the  Ottahofi  of  Difcc^ds  and  Diferdsrs  fsr^^^?*^'^'^^' 

This  Bill  was  lent  up  the  Lordfi,  on  the  oth  ofEngUnd  an) 
yitfff;  it  was  read  in  that  Houlfe  a  fecond  rimej^"^"^* 
and  committed  on  tlie  8th  i  the  next  Day  the 
fiid  Committee  reported,  •  I  h&t  they  had  gone 
ihro*  the  Hill  ;  but,  finding  Ibme  Caules  of  Doubt 
in  it  which  they  defired  to  be  cleared,  they  moved, 
that  another  Conference  might  be  had,  by  Com- 
mittees of  both  Houfes  that  Afternoon.*  Anfwcr 
returned,  *That  the  Commons  will  attend  their 
Xordfhips  to  ibc  Number  oi  one  hundred  of  tticir 

This  fecond  ConferetHre  produced  fame  better 
Effeft  than  the  former.  Some  Additions  and  A- 
mendmenis  were  added,  by  Conient  of  both 
Houfes,  to  the  Bill :  Jufi*  the  30lh  it  was  palled 


1 74    ne  Tarlsamentary  History 

An.  4.  James  I,  ^7  ^^^  Lords;  and  this  Ad  flands  the  firft,  in  our 
1606,       Statute  Books,  amODgft  ihc  printed  Statutes  of  this 

We  have  now  gone  thro*  the  Proceedings  of 
the  Parliament,  on  this  Affair  of  the  Urtion,  in- 
what  the  Journals  of  the  Lords  will  inllrudt  us  - 
about  it.  But  the  Jmmah  of  the  Comrmns  are " 
much  more  circuralbntial  in  the  Debates  of  their 
Mcmhets  on  this  grand  Article ;  which  we  fhall 
draw  out  as  concifely  as  the  Nature  of  the  Thing, 
to  make  it  iiitellLgible,.will  bear, 

Befides  infening  the  lnjlrume*it^  at  full  Lengthy 
agreed  on,  figned  and  fealed  by  thirty-nine  EngUJb 
and  twenty-eight  5fp«//Z)  Commiflionersj  certairf 
Notes  or  Memorandums,  were  read,  containing 
the  Ground-Work  of  their  Proceedings  in  this 
Affair  in  the  hftSeflJon.  We  fliall  omit  all  thefe, 
and  content  ouifelves.  and  we  hope  our  Readers, 
with  giving  the  Subflance  of  each  particular  Mem- 
ber's Arguments  for  and  againft  this  great  Que- 
ftion.  Which,  with  what  has  gone  before,  may 
well  make  up  the  whole  Sum  of  the  Bufinefs. 

February  14th,  Mr.  Puller  firft  began  the  Dif- 
pule  againft  a  General  Naturalizaticn  -,  he  argued 
*  That  God  had  made  People  fit  for  every  Coun- 
teBitt  in  ihc  try  ;  feme  for  a  cold  lome  fur  a  hotClJmale;  and 
CammoiK  nnt[ie(hofe  fevcfal  Countries  he  hath  adapted  to  their 
tlaiLn.  """"'everal  Natures  and  QuaJities.  As  all  Grounds 
are  not  tit  for  one  Kind  of  Grain  i  but  feme  for 
Oais,  fome  for  Wheat,  fcT-r.  Suppofe  one  Man 
is  Owner  of  two  Paltures,  -with  one  Hedge  to 
divide  them  ;  the  one  Pafture  bare,  the  other  fer- 
tile and  good.  A  wile  Owner  will  not  quite  pull 
down  the  Hedge,  but  make  Gates  to  let  the  Cattle 
in  and  out  atPlcafure;  othcrwile  they  will  rufh 
in  in  Multitudes,  and  much  againft  tiieir  Will  re- 
turn. That  the  Unicn  was  no  more  than  as  two 
Arms  of  one  HoJy.  But  before  they  be  admitted, 
it  If  pro[-«r  to  confider  what  Place  and  Room  we 
have  for  them.  Look  into  the  UniverfiticSf  there 
you  will  iind  many  of  our  own,  very*  worthy 
Men,   not  prefen*cd.     In  Londmy   fee  what  the 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      lys 

Bill  of  Inmates  doth  provide  for ;  and  remember  An,  ^.  james  I, 

what  was  opened  to  the  Houfc  on  the  Reading  of        i6e*. 

that  Bill.     Amongft  the  Mercliants,  though  they 

labour,   toil  and  provide  all  ihcy  can;  yet  they 

Iiave  had  no  Fruits,  no  Succcfs  thefe  three  Years. 

Our  EngliJIi  Merchants  adventure;  they  go  to  Sea 

with  great  Vefleb,  freighted  at  a  great  Charge ;  the 

other  with  little  Veflcis  at  a  fmall  Charge.    The 

Siotih  carry  their  Wares  in  other  Countries  up  and 

down  in  Packs ;  and.  by  thcfe  Means,  have  taken 

away  all   the  Tr:uie  from  Diep  already.     Our 

Traders  arc  too  many  already  »  and  there  arc  Im-v 

pofitions  upon  the  Engljh  from  which  the  Siotcb 

arc  difcharged.     The  Navy  of  Smh/id  is  fo  weak 

as  to  be  in  Miferuordiam  to  evtxy  mean  Force. . 

He  added,  that  the  Care  of  a  Sovereign  Prince,  is, 
ibal  his  Subjefts  live  under  him,  httepe,  tui^,  paci- 
Jiu  it  /ticufide.  That  Country  is  mifcrable,  where 
the  great  Men  are  exceeding  rich,  the  poor  Men 
exceeding  poor ;  and  no  Mean,  no  Proportion, 
between  both. — Tenants  of  two  Manors  ;  whereof 
the  one  hath  Woods,  Fifheries,  Lifierties,  Com- 
mon of  Eitovcrs,  Wf.  The  other  a  b^re  Common, 
wihout  Profit ;  only  a  little  Turf,  or  the  hke. 
The  Owner  maketh  a  Grant,  that  the  Tenants  of 
this  fhall  be  Parricipants  of  the  Profits,  t^c.  of  the 
former*  This  beareth  fome  Shew  of  Equity ;  but 
is  plain  Wrong  and  the  Grant  void.  The  King 
cannot  make  a  tingle  Village  in  one,  to  be  Parcel 
of  another  County.  He  cannot  make  a  Parcel  of 
one  Kingdom  Parcel  of  another,  being  diHindt 
Kingdoms.  Law  is  the  Happinefs  of  our  Go- 
vcrnmeni.  ComminioTis  arc  of  abfoluie  Power, 
and  occaCon  abfolute  Wrong.  The  King  can  da 
what  he  may  do  by  his  Legal  Power.  In  the  13th 
o(  Henry  IV.  an  Office  ot  mcafuring  Cloih  waa 
granted,  with  a  Fee  impolcd  j  but  it  was  found 
unjuft  and  adjudged  void.  So  it  was  in  Sir  Edwaid 
Daruy*^  Cafe  for  fealing  of  Cards.  The  King's 
Oath,  by  Magna  Charta^  is  not  to  adl  againft 
Law.  A  ProteCiion  granted  by  the  King  for  three 
Years  was  not  good  i  for  one  he  may.    If  King 


1^6     The  Tarliatnentary  History 

All.  4-  Jama  I.  Philip  oi  Spain  had  had  a  Son  by  Queen  A/afy,  he 
'*'^^'  Would  have  been  King  of  Spain^  Sici/y,  ^c,  was 
it  proper  to  rwturnUze  tholc  Sxibje£ls  r  It  cannot 
be  good  to  mingle  two  Swartiis  of  Bees  under  one 
Hive,  on  the  ludden.  When  the  Jewi  were  in 
Captivity,  and  were  moved  to  Mirth  and  fing 
Songs,  they  could  not  forget  Jerufakm  \  Let  their 
Right  Hufid  fsrgit  their  hefl^  ^i.  And  when 
Mraham  and  Let  were  brethren  ;  Mraham  iaid, 
G(t  th^u  to  the  Right  Hmd  and  I  will  go  to  Ibe 
Left,  tifc.  So  they  divided,  and  either  took  that 
Part  which  was  fiticft  for  him. 

This  Speech  was  followed  by  Mr.  JVefitii/ortb 
and  Mr.  Meere  \  the  main  Points  of  whofe  Argu- 
ments were.  That  England  and  SatUnd  were  una 
et  alia  RefpubH<a  ;  Scotland,  aliena  Refpubiica, 
They  acknowledge  no  Crown,  no  King,  no  So- 
vereignty but  Saulandi  we  none  but  that  of  En£-' 
land.    No  Alteratioii  being  made  by  the  King's 

coming  hither- Rememberw},   that  the  King 

/ard  in  a  Speech,  reported  from  him  to  theHoufe, 
rhis  Seflion,  *  I  would  be  loath  to  live  to  fee  the 
King  of  Scotland  6.0  Wron?  to  the  King  of  Eng^ 
land.'  The  King  is  feized,  in  Jure  Ctrentet 
Scorise  ;  ct  in  Jure  Csrona,  Anglic.  If  there  be 
two  Regalities,  how  one  Kingftiip  ?  heland  was 
fubdued  by  Conqueft,  by  Henry  11.  and  they  have 
ever  fincc  been  natural  born  Subjects.  If  we  think 
the  Law  lo  be  one  Way,  noi  lo  declare  it  another. 
Laftly,  if  we  n:ituralize  them,  -it  is  neceflary  to 
have  mmy  Cautions  ;  Cautions  fnr  Eccicfiaftical 
PrGm<?tions ;  Cautions  for  our  Lands  and  for  our 
Trades.  All  thefe  lo  be  well  conlidered  of  by  a 

On  the  other  Side,  Sir  Frmai  Bacon,  Solicitor- 
General,  fpoke  ;  and  began  with  a  Rcqueft,  Ut 
turn  Calcuiis  Suff'ragierum  futnmt  Magnanimitatem 
Reipubiica\  and  not  think,  altogether  on  their 
own  private  States  and  Conditions.  Put  offprK 
vaie  Confiderations,  and  raife  their  Thoughts  to  the 
puMick  State.  That  ihcre  were  feveral  Degrees  of 
Good  and  of  £vU$  Wifdom  to  avoid  the  worft 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       177 

of  Evils,  if  not  to  aitain  the  bell  of  Good.     The  An.  4.  James  u 

main  Objections  againft  the  Unisn  urged  were,  AV 

/brt^  fitffitiat  yobis  et  Nsbn.     That  Abraham  and 

Let,    when  their  Families  grew  great,    divided. 

This  had  been  been  belter  not  quoted,    if  we  take 

with  it  the  Mifchiefs  which  enfued  by  rhe  Divifion. 

Fot  the  Argument  of  two  Paftures,  i^c,  there  is 

great  Difference  between  Men  and  Beafls.     Cattle 

prcfcntly  feed;  take  their  Bite  prefently;  but  Men 

.uft  have  Stock,  Means,  Acquaintance,  Time  of 

ittling,  t^{.    In  this  Spring-Time  of  the  King's 

tortiing,  how  many  Families  planted?   It  is  faid 

ihcy  arc  poor  \  Mcti  will  (hew  their  Poverty  at 

Home  rather  than  in  a  foreign  Country.     There 

i»  no  evident  Token  of  Surcharge  of  People  in  this 

K-iogdom;  there  are  m:iny  great  Waftcs,  furroun- 

ded  Grounds,   Fiflieries,  &£.  unoccupied.     But, 

if  wc  be  pent  up  clofe  in  Englind,  there  is  Room 

cnoigh  Abroad;    wimefs  Jrtianiy  Virginiay  and 

other  foreign  Plantations/ 

*  Take  away,  adds  our  Orator,  this  Note,  or 
Mark,  of  Foreigners,  and  our  Laws  will,  come 
upon  them  unawares.  It  is  not  a  Conqueft,  but 
like  Water  into  our  Witic,  a  Commixture  j  and 
Oiall  we  not  now  be  fenlible  that  we  have  it  by  a 

cheaper  Mean? He  urged  the  Example  oi 

feveral  foreign  KingdomsandStatcsj  but  the  Notes 
arefo  Oiorr,  in  the  'Journah^  as  to  be  unintelli- 
gible.  He  concluded  with  faying.   That  the 

5ff/rt}?j  Subjedtwos  bound  to  defend  us,  light  for  us 
if  rhcre  was  an  Invafioni  or,  if  at  War,  with  any 
Nation.  That  England  and  Scotland  united.  Ire- 
/and  reduced,  the  Low-Countries  contraf^ed,  and 
our  Shipping  maintained.  Shipping  a  voluble  Mo- 
narchy,  wc  ihall  be  the  greateft  Empire  that  hath 
been  heard  on  in  many  Ages.  Wc  {ball  purchaii: 
SuretVi  Glory,  GrcatneJs,  though  not  Wealth. 
But,  if  there  be  no  further  Union^  by  Naturaliza^ 
tiorti  the  Nature  of  Things  do:h  bear  that  thele 
Kingdoms  muft  break.  1  hercfore,  let  us  not  ftaud 
upon  Piuanccs  and  Reckonings,  but  come  to  the 
Vot.  V,  M  ThfA 



178     The  Parliamentary  History 

An.  4.  jam«  I,     Thefe  were  all,  or  moft  of  the  Arguments,  ufcd 
i«o6.       on  both  Sides,  in  this  Day's  Debate;  and  we  flull 
take  Notice  of  no  more,    being  lufficient  10  fhew 
ihe  Temper  of  both  Court  and  Country  Party,  in 
the  Houfe,  on  ihe  Subjed  of  xhcVnion.     We  can- 
»  not,  howtver,  avoid  giving  ihs  Cafe  of  one  Mem- 

ber who  was  punifiied,  by  hisBreihren,  for  letting 
his  Tongue  run  too  far  in  Iiivcftivcs  agairit  the 
Scstti/b  Nation,  in  one  of  the  Days  of  Dtbate. 
Sir  chriflopher  Thls  was  Sir  Chrijiopher  Pigot,  Kt.  one  of  the 
J^^/^^*^'""  Knights  for  the  County  of  Bueh,  (e)  who  when 
fome  MsRwandumi  about  the  Union  were  offered 
to  be  read,  and  a  Dilpute  arofe,  whether  all  ai  once 
or  lepnrately,  this  Knight,  with  a  loud  Voice,  and 
rot  liandiiiK  up  wiih  his  H.itoff,    as  the  Order  is> 
preflcd   to  have  ihem  read  generally,  concurring 
in  this  wlih  the  Opinion  of  fevefiil  others.     But  the 
Houfe  chterving  his  Manner  of  fitting  and  calling, 
for  Order*s  fike,  urged  him  to  ftand  up  and  fpeaic, 
if  he  was  dcfirous  to  make  known  his  Opinion. 
Upon  which   he  arofe,  and  pretending,  at  firft^  to 
deliver  fome  Reafons  wliy  he  prelled  ihe  Reading 
of  the  Rcniembr^nccs,  generally  i  he,  afterwards, 
entered  inio  aBye-Matit*r  of  Inveitives  aji,aina  the 
Scots  and  5fitf/yft  Naiioui    ufmg  many  Words  of 
Scandal  and  Obloquy.    ilNbefeeming  fuch  an  Au- 
dience, and  not  reninent  to  the  Matter  in  Hand. 
•  Aj,  I,et  us  not  join  Murderer?,  Thieves,  and 
Ihe  Toguilh  Sioti  with   the  well-deltrving  S£9ts. 
As  much  Oifferrnce  between  them  as  between  a 
Judtze  and  a   XlwU     He  would  (peak  his  Con- 
fcience  without  Flattery  of  any  Creature  what- 
foever.     They  h-.ivc-  not  fuffcred  abave  two  Kings 
to  die  in  tht-ir  Bcds»    thefe   two  hundred  Years. 
Our  King  hath  hardly  efcapcd  them;    they  have 
attempted  hun.     Now  he  is  come  from  amongft. 
them,    let  us  free  him  from  fuch  Attempts  hcre-r, 
after,  f^t."  (f)    The  Houfe,  we  are  informed,  were 
fo  amazed  at  this  Speech  that  they  flood  flaring  at 


C  r  ]  He  was  cIcAed  unon  the  Vacancy  (Kc:i&i)ncd  hj  3tr  Frttneit 
C«g^«;:Vt  Reftgraricii— ■    —Sec  before,  p.  84. 

(/J  DiMriuM  Din,  Cm* 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      17^ 

one  anoiher,  ard  took  no  Notice  of  it  for  that  ^n.  4.  jonm  i. 
Tioje,  but  let  it  pafa  wiihout   lax  or  Ccnfurc»       ifi-aS. 

Ic  was  noi  till  three  Day*  afierwards,  ihat  ihc 
Hoafe bethought thcmfclvcs of  this inlcleni Speech; 
when  the  Words  of  Offence  contained  in  it,  were 
particularly  recited.  But  ihis  lecms  10  have  been 
/purred  up  by  a  Mcdiige  from  the  King,  who  laid, 

*  He  did  much  miilikc  zud  tax  the  Ncgle^  of  the  ^!f,^ 'l''?'"'*^ 

*  Houlc ;  in  that  the  Speech  was  not  mierrupred  in  the  Houie. 

*  ihe  Inftant,  and  the  Parly  conimitied  before  ii  be- 

*  came  public,  and  10  his  Highncfs's  Kar.*  In  Ex- 
cufe  of  this,  it  was  answered,  *  That  Levis  k- 
^unSurCura^  ingentes  Jlupunt  \  and  thatitleeraed 
10  fall  within  that  Cafe,  wlicrcin  Sdomsn's  Coun- 
(cl  was,  Nfit  to  gke  an  Anfwer  ;  but  that  the  Dil- 
like  appeared,  evidctuiy,  by  the  mcvjium  Silentium^ 
which  then  was  found  in  the  Hoale.'  It  was 
moved,  Thai  Sir  Chrijispha-  might  be  fent  for, 
which  was  immediately  done  by  the  Serjeant,  witli 
his  Mace. 

Il  fecms  pretty  plain,  that  the  Commons  Refcnt- 
ment  of  their  Brother's  ill  Language  was  occaficn- 
ed  by  thb  Mcflagc  Irom  the  King ;  but,  after  all, 
they  knew  not  which  Way  to  cenfurc  him  for  it: 
Freedom  of  Speech,  in  their  Houfc,  was  ever  a 
darling  Privilege;  and,  after  the  Serjeant  was  gone 
for  the  Offender,  m^ny  Motions  and  Queftions  cn- 
fued  upon  it.  Tiie  Prifoncr  being  fet  to  the  Bar, 
laboured  to  explain  the  Words  ullered  by  him ; 
and  to  clear  himfelf  from  Malice  and  Difloyahy. 
Which  the  Houfe  did  not  much  regard  j  but,  being 
commanded  out,  ihey  debated  what  Punifhment 
they  ihould  fix  \ijKin  him.  The  Tower  was  iirft 
named,  and,  alfo,  a  Difmiflion  from  his  Place  in 
the  Houfe.  Much  Difpute  arofe  about  this  laft 
Affair;  at  length  being  agreed,  the  Offender  was 
Called  in  again,  and  kneeling,  the  Speaker  pronoun- 
ced this  Judgment  upon  him,  viz.  *  Thai  fince 
tiis  Offence  was  fo  apparently  lieinous,  the  Houfe 
did  not  huid  it  fit  that  any  Particulars  fhould  btr 
named,  or  to  give  a  Realbn  for  their  Judgment ; 
bw  ibeir  Order  was,  That  he  fhould  be  carried  la 
Ma  the 

ISO     '£be  rarJ/amentary  Histort 

"a*.  4.  >mtt  I.  ^^^  Pril'on  of  the  Tower^   there  to  remain  during 

16*6,      'the  Pleafure  of  the  Houfe  :   That    he  fliould  be 

difmvflcd  from  his  Place  of  Knigjit  of  the  Shire  for 

Bitch  ;    and  a  Writ  iflued  out  for  a  new  Choice/ 

Accordingly  his  Warrant  for  Ccrmmittment,  and  a 

wv  -     u  ■  new  Writ,  were  made  out.  theForm  of  both  which 

eommiued  to     »re  entered  m  ihe  Joitrnals. 

thtT^ww,  lad       After  the  Prifoiier  had  remained  fome  Time  in 

txitWA.  ^^  Tower;  he  fent  a  Leiter  to  a  Rehiion  of  his, 
a  Member  of  the  fame  Houfe,  complaining  of  his 
ill  State  of  Health,  occafioned  by  his  Confine- 
ment; and  beg'd  of  him  to  intcrceed  with  the  Com- 
mons for  his  Releafe.  MuchDifpule  arofe,  about 
ibc  Manner  of  hb  Enlareementj  and  whether  \hty 
oughi  to  acquaint  the  King  with  it  \  much  Fear 
vas  had  about  their  Privileges,  becaule  he  was 
committed  by  an  exprefs  Order  of  the  Houfe.  At 
laft,  the  Speaker  undertook  this  Matter  with  the 
King;  and  the  next  Day  reported  this  MefTage 
ftum  his  Majefty  about  it. 

*  That  he  had  taken  Notice  of  the  Motion  and 
Petition*  made  In  the  Houfe,  for  tbeReleafement  of 
Sir  Chrl/hpler  Pi^stt^  and  faid,    *  That  out  of  an 

*  ill  Caufe  there  might  grow  a  good  Effedl.  That 
'  the  Speech  vas  Very  rafh  and  unadvifed  at  the 
'  firft,  and  that  the  Siicnce  oi  the  Houfe  might 
'  have  bred  Ibme  ill  Conceit ;  but  his  Majefty  is  far 

*  from  Opinion,  that  it  received  AUowaince  from 
'.  any  Mfinbcr  ia  the  Houfe,  ioLerpfeting,  always* 

*  thai  the  Caufe  of  their  Forbearance  was,  left  it 
'  might  be  any  Interruption  to  the  Bufinefa  in 

*  Hand. 

*  But  fmce,  he  is  more  abfolutely  falisfied  with 

*  ihctr  Carriage:  i.  In  that  they  have  not  charged 
'  him  with  Particulars,  but  have  put  the  Words  in 
'  Oblivion,     z.  That  they   have    proceeded    a- 

*  gainil  him  to  ihe  Height  of  Jufticc,     3.  Thai 

*  ihey  have  not  been  willing  to  proceed  with  his 

*  Eulaigemtnt,    until  he  might  talte  Notice  of  it. 

*  Tiiai,    39  in  Ihe  laft  Seflion,    he  had  taken  true 

*  Heart's  Content,  in  the  Manner  of  granting  ihc 
t  Subjidy,  and  for  that  did  think  them  wcll-defcr- 

*  YlDg 


0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       181 

*  ving  his  Thanke ;   fo,  in  this  unhappy  Bufinefs,  As.  j.  itmcji, 

*  it  plcafeth  him  fo  well,  that  he  again  returns       '^' 
'  ihcm  Thanks  for  it. 

*  For  the  Motion,  as  at  the  firfl,  he  conceived, 

*  they  proceeded  to  his  Punifliment  with  great 

*  Judgment ;  fo,  will  he  not  now  allumc  to  him- 

*  felf  any  Power,  but  leave  it  lo  the  fame  Judg- 

*  ment  for  Mercy  i  and,  if  they  think  good,  wiih- 

*  eih  he  may  be  freed  from  the  Prifon,  and  dilpofe 

«  himfelf  in  fome  filter  Place  for  his  Health.'         ^t  T VXe 

After  this  was  heard,  a  Motion  cnfued.  That  aSut'i,^ 
Sir  Chriflsphtr  might  be  reftoTcd  to  his  Place  in  the 
Houfe  again;  which  was  not  aflcnted  to;  but,  it 
was  prelently  ordered  that  he  fliould  be  enlarged, 
and  a  Warrant  was  direfted  to  the  Lieutenant  of 
the  Tffwer  for  that  Purpofe. 

During  thefe  ContelU  in  the  Lower  Houfc,  the 
King  took  al!  pofllble  Pains,  by  Mcflages,  &c.  to 
keep  them  together  and  make  them  uniform. 
Many  o*  the  Members  had  flip'd  into  the  Country, 
or  negiefied  the  Service,  as  difliking  the  Bufinefs 
they  were  upon.  A  Call  of  ihc  Houfc  was  there- 
fore ordered ;  but  before  that  happened,  the  King 
called  both  Houfcs  before  him,  to  IVbitehally  Mar£h 
31,  in  order  to  reconcile  their  Diflcrenccs,  and 
^ke  to  them  as  follows ; 

Aij  Isrds  of  the  M'gher  Hmfe,  and  ycu  Knights 
and  Eurgtjjes  sf  the  Lower  Houfe  : 

ALL  Men,  at  the  Beginning  of  a  Feaft,  The    Kwg'i 
bring  for.h  pood  W,ne  firft,   and  after  ^.f.-^t  f^  itTft- 
worfe  :  This  was  ihc  Saying  of  the  Governor  emnj  ihcUnioa. 
of  the  Fcafl  at  Carja  in  Galils,  where  Cl'r:J 
wrought  his  firft  Miracle,  by  changing  Water 
into  Wine;  but  in  this  Cale  now,  whereof  I 
am  10  fpcak  unto  you,  I  niuft  follow  that  Go- 
vernor's Rule,  and  not  Chti/Vs  Example,  in  gi- 
ving you  the  worft  and  foureft  Wine  laft.     For 
all  the  Time  of  this  long  Sef&on  of  the  Parlia- 
nunr,  you  have  been  fo  fed  and  cloyed  (fpecially 
rou  of  the  Lower  Houie)  with  fuch  Biinqucts, 
^nd  Ciioicc  of  delicate  Speeches,  and  your  Ears 



An*  5>  Jama  I 

1 82    The  Tarliamentary  Histort 

fo  feafoned  with  the  Sweetnefs  of  longprecogi- 
tate  Orations,  as  this  my  Speech,  now  in  the 
breaking-up  of  this  Aflemhl^,  cannot  but  appear 
unto  your  Tafte,  as  the  worft  Wine,  propofed 
in  the  ^nd  of  the  Banquet ;  fince  I  am  only  to 
deliver  now  unto  you  Matter,  without  curious 
Form  ;  Subftance,  without  Ceremony ;  Truth, 
in  all  Sincerity.     Yet,  confidering  the  Perfon, 
that  fpeakelh  ;  the  Parties,  to  whom  I  fpeak  ; 
the  Matter,  whereof  I  mean   to  fpeak ;  it  jits 
better  to  utter  Matter,  rather  than  Words  j  in 
regard  of  the  Greatnefs  of  my  Place,  who  am 
to  fpeak  to  you  ;  the  Gravity  of  you  the  Au- 
ditory, which  is  the  High  Court  of  Parliament ; 
the  Weight  of  the  Matter,  which  concerns  the 
Security  and  Eftablifliment  of  this  whole  Empire, 
and  little  World.    Studied  Orations,  and  much 
Eloquence  upon  little  Matter,  is  fit  for  the  Uni- 
verfities ;  where  not  iheSubjed,  that  isfpoken  of, 
but  the  Trial  of  his  Wit,  that  fpcakcth,  is  moft 
commendable  ■*  But,  on  the  contrary,  in  all  great 
Councils  of  Parliaments,  feweft  Words,  with  inoft 
Matter,  do  becorne  belt  ;  where  the  Difpatch  of 
the  great  Krrands  in  Hand,  and  not  the  Praifc  (g)^ 
of  the  Perfon,  is  moft  to  be  looked  unto  j  like  the 
Garment  of  a  chafte  Woman,  who  is  only  fer 
forth  by  her  natural  Beauty,  which  is  properly 
her  own;  other  Deckings  are  but  Enfigns  of  an 
Harlot,  that  flies  with  borrowed  Feathers.     And 
befidestheConveniency,!  am  forced  hereunto  by 
Neceffity,  my  Place  calling  me  to  Aftion,  and 
not  leaving  me  to  the  Liberty  of  Contemplation  % 
having  always  my  Thoughts  bufied  with  the 
publick  Care  of  you  all  i  where  every  one  of 
you,  having  but  himfelf,  and  his  own  private, 
to  think  of,  are  at  more  Leifure  to  make  ftudied 
Speeche«i.    And  therefore  the  Matter,  which  £ 
deliver  you  confufedly,  as  in  a  Sackt  I  leave  it 
10  you,  when  you  are  in  your  Chambers,  and 
have  better  Leifure,  than  I  can  have,  to  rank 
them  in  Order,  every  one  in  their  own  Place. 

(^J  Pray  J  ti  the  OrigiajU 

or  E  N  G  L  A  ND.       183 

*  Thus  much  by  way  of  Preface:  Bm  Ipro-^„  .  jameii. 

*  cecd  to  the  Matter:  Whereof  1  might  lay,  with     '  1607. 

*  St.  Paul,  I  could  fpeak  in  as  muny  Totiiiucs,  as 

*  you  all ;  but  I  had  rather  fpc.>k  three  WorJs  to 
'  Edification,  than  talk  a  Day  with'>ut  Under- 

*  ftanding.     In  vain  ffailh  the  Plalmift)  doth  the 

*  Builder  build  the  Houfe,  or  the  Watchman  watch 
'  the  City,  unlefe  the  Lord  give  his  I'.lefling  there- 

*  unto  :  And,  in  the  New  Teftament,  St.  Paui 

*  iaith,  that  he  may  phnt, jfpo/Ios  may  water; 
■  but  it  is  God  only  that  muft  give  the  Iticreafe. 

*  This  I  rpeak,  beaufe  of  the  long  Time,  which 
'  hath  been  fpent  about  the  T'reaiy  of  the  Uni-in. 
'  For  myfclf,  I  pro-eft  unio  you  all,  when  I  fi;ft 
'  propounded  the  Union,  I  then  thought  there 

*  cotjld  have  been  no  more  Queftion  of  iti  than 

*  of  your  Declaration  and  Acknowledgment  of 

*  my  Right  unto  this  Crown  ;  and  thai,  as  two 
'  Twins,  they  would  have  grown  up  together. 
'  The  Error  was  my  Miftaking:  iknew  mmet-wn 

*  End,  but  not  others  Fears.     But  now  {h  J  fii  iding 

*  many  CroOes,  long  Difpucations,  ftraiige  Quef- 

*  tions,  and  nothing  done ;  I  muft  needs  ihink  it 

*  proceeds,  either  of  Miftakingof  the  Errand,  or 

*  elfc  from  fome  Jeaioufy  of  me  the  Propoundcr, 

*  that  you  fo  add  Delay  unto  Delay ;  f.archJng  out, 

*  as  it  were,  the  very  Bowels  ofCuriofity,  and  con- 
'  dude  nothing.    Neither  can  I  condemn  you,  for 

*  beingyetin  fome  Jealuufy  of  my  Intention  in  this 

*  Matter;  having  not  yethad  fo  great  Experience  of 
'  my  Behaviour  and  Inclination,  inthefe  few  Years 
'  pail,  as  you  may  pendventurc  have  in  a  longer 

*  Time  hereafter  i  and  not  having  Occafion  10 
'  confuli  daily  with  myfelf,  and  hear  mine  own  O- 

*  pinion  in  all  thofe  Particulars,  which  are  debated 

*  among  you.    But  here,  I  pray  you  now,  miftake 

*  me  not  at  the  firft,  when  as  I  leem  to  find  fauic 
'  with  your  Delays  and  Curiofity,  as  if  I  would 

*  have  you  to  refolve,  in  an  Hoar's  Time,  that, 

*  which  will  take  a  Month's  Ad  vifemcnt:  For  you 

*  all  know,  that  Rex'efi  Lex  hguens ;  and  you  have 

*  oft 

f«j  Not,  ie  Or^. 


184    The  Tarltamentary  History 

'An.  S'  J»ow>  1.'  ^^^  \\^x^  me  fay,  that  the  King's  Will  and  In- 
1607.        f  lention,  being  the  fpeaking  Law,  ought  10  bo 

*  Luce  efarius :   And  I  hope  you  of  the  Lower 

*  Hoqfc  have  the  Proof  of  this  my  Clearnefs,  by 

*  a  Bill  knt  you  down  from  the  Upper  Houl'e 

*  within  the(e  few  Days,  or  raiher  few  Hours  ; 

*  wherein  may  very  well  appear  unto  you  the 

*  Gire  I  have,  to  put  my  Subjects  in  a  good  Se- 
'  curjiy  of  their  Polfeifions  for  all  Polterities  to 
'  come.     And   therefore,  ihat  you  may  clearly 

*  undcrlbnd  my  Meaning  in  that  Point,  I  do  free- 

*  ly  confcls,  you  had  Rcafon  to  advife  at  Leiiure 

*  upon  fa  great  a  Caufe ;  for  great  Matters  do  ever 
'  require  great  Dellberaiion,  before  they  be  well 

*  concluded :  DAibnafidum  ij\  diUj  fund  jlatuen- 

*  dum  efl  feiml,  ConfuUalions  muil  proceed  knta 
^  Pedes  but  the  Execution  of  a  Sentence,  upon 

.♦  the  RL'foluiion,  would  be  fpeedy.     If  you  will 

*  go  on,  it  matters  not,  though  you  ij;o  with 
^  leaden  Feet,  fo  you   make  ftill  ibme  Progrcts, 

*  and  that  there  b?  no  Lett,  nor  needlefs  Delay  ; 

*  and  do  not  Nadum  in  Sdipa  ^uarere.  I  am  ever 
'  for  the  Medium  in  every  Thing.     Between 

*  foolini  Rafhnefs,  and  extreme  Length,  there 

*  is  a  middle  Way.     Search  a!l  thai  is  r^afon-ible ; 

<  bur  omi:  that,  which  i3  idle,  v'urious,  and  uu- 
'  necefiary  j  otherwife  there  can  never  be  a  Re* 
f  folution  or  End  in  any  good  Work. 

'  And  now  from  the  General  \  will  defcend  to 

*  the  Particulars  \  and  will,  only  for  the  Eafe  of 
*■  your  Memories,  divide  the  Maiier,  that  1  am 

<  to  fpeak  of,  into  four  Heads  ;  by  opening  unto 
'■■  you,  f'iift,  what  I  crave;  Secondly,  in  what 

*  Manner  1  defire  it :  Thirdly,  what  Commo- 
^  diiies  will  enfue  to   botli  ih^  Kingdoms  by  it  ; 

*  Fourthly,    what    the   fuppofed  Iiiconveniency 

*  niAV  be,  (hit  gives  Impediments  thereunto. 
*  For  the  firft,  what  1  crave  i  I  protelV  before 

y  God,  who  know>  my  He;uE,  and  to  you  my 
«  People,  before  whom  it  Wtrc  a  Shame  to  lye, 
^  thai  I  claim   nothing;,  bui    with  Ackno^viedg- 

<  ffi^m  of  my  Bond  to  you  i  thatj  as  ye  owe  to 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      185 

'  me  Subjeflion  and  Obedience,  fo  my  Soverc^n-  ^a.  $•  Jama  i. 

*  ty  obligeth  me  to  yield,  to  your  Love,  Go-       1*07, 

*  vernment  and  Proteftion :  Neither  did  I  ever 

*  'wifli  any  Happinefs  to  myfelf,  which  was  not 

*  conjoined  with  the  Happinefs  of  my  People. 
'  I  delire  a  perfect  Union  of  Laws  and  Perfons, 
'  and  fuch  a  Naturalizing,  as  may  make  one  Bu- 

*  dy  of  both  Kingdoms,  under  me  your  King  ; 

*  that  I,  and  my  Poftcrity  { if  it  fo  pleafe  God ) 

*  may  rule  over  you  to  the  World's  End ;  fuch 

*  an  Union,  as  was  of  the  Scffts  and  Pi^s  in  Scot- 
'  kndt  and  of   the  Hfptarthy  here  in  England, 

*  And  for  Scotland^  I  avow  fuch  an  Union,  as  if 

*  you  had  got  it  by  Conqueft ;  but  fuch  a  Con- 

*  qucft,  as  may  be  cemented  by  Love,  the  only 

*  mre  Bond  of  SubjeAion  or  Friendfhip :  That 

*  as  there  is  over  both  but  unus  Rex  j  fo  there  may 

*  be  in  both  but  unus  Grex,  et  una  Lex  :  For  no 
'  more  poflible  is  it  for  one  King  to  govern  two 

*  Countries  contiguous,  the  one  a  greater,  the 
'  other  a  lefs ;  a  richer,  and  a  poorer ;  the  greater 

*  drawing,  like  an  Adamant,  the  lefler  to  the 

*  Cpmmodities  thereof ;  than  fot  one  Head  to  go* 
'  vern  (wo  Bodies,  or  one  Man  to  be  Hufband 

*  of  two  Wives ;  whereof  Chriji  himfelf  faid, 
^  A^  Initio  mn  fuit  fic, 

'  But  in  the  general  Union  you  muft  obfirrve 

*  two  Things :  For  I  will  difcovcr  my  Thoi^ts 
f  plainly  unto  you  :  I  ftudy  Clearnefs,  not  Clo- 
^  quence  ;  and  therefore,  with  the  old  Philofo- 

*  pher,  I  would  heartily   wi£h,  my  Breaft  were 

*  a  tranfparent  Glais,  for  you  all  to  fee  through, 
^  that  you  might  look  into  my  Heart,  and  then 

*  would  you  be  faiLiiied  of  my  Meaning.  For 
'  when  I  fpeak  of  a  perfcfl  Upion,  I  mean  not 

*  Confiifion  oif  all  Things :  You  muft  not  lake 
>  from  Scotland  ihofe  particular  Privileges,    that 

*  may  ftaiid  as  well  with  ihis  Union,  as  in  Eng- 
^  Und  many  particular  Cufloms,    in    particular 

*  Shires  (as  the  Cufloms  of  Kent,  and  the  Royal- 

*  ties  of  the  County  Palatine  of  Ckejler)  do  with 

*  th?  Copunon-Law  of  the  Kingdom  :  Fur  every 

*  parucula; 

Aa.  5-  hmet  I. 

iS6     TbeTarl'mmentary  Histort 

particular  Shire  almod,  and  much  more  every 
Country,  have  fomc  pirtTcuIar  Cuftom?,  tha: 
are,  as  ii  were,  naiarnlly  moft  (it  for  tliat  Peo- 
ple :  But  I  m«in  of  fuch  a  general  Union  of 
Laws,  as  may  reduce  ihe  whole  Ifland  ;  that, 
as  they  live  already  under  one  Monarch,  To  they 
may  all  be  governed  by  one  Law  :  For  I  muft 
r>ecds  confcls,  hy  that  little  Experience  I  hare 
had  fincc  my  Coming  hither,  and  I  think  I  am 
able  10  prove  it,  that  the  Grow.ids  of  the  Com-' 
men  Lau'  o^EffghpizTt  the  heft  of  any  Law  in 
The  WcirH,  cilher  Civil  or  Municipal,  and  the 
fitreft  for  this  i'tople.  Rut  as  every  Lnw  would 
be  clear,  and  full ;  fo  the  OSfcurity  in  feme 
points  of  this  our  written  Liw,  and  Want  of 
Fulncfs  in  others,  the  Variarion  of  Cales,  and 
Mens  Curiofity,  breeding  every  Day  new  Quef- 
tions,  hath  enforced  rhe  Judges  to  judge,  in 
nnny  Cafes  here,  by  Cales  and  Precedents  ; 
wherein,  I  hope,  Lawyers  themfelres  will  not 
deny»  but  that  there  muft  be  a  great  Uncer- 
tainty i  ind  \  am  fare  all  the  reft  of  you,  that 
are  Gentlemen  of  other  Profcflions,  were  long 
ago  weary  of  it,  it  you  could  have  had  it  a- 
mended  :  For  where  there  is  Variety,  and  Un- 
certainty, alihough  a  juft  Judge  may  do  rightly, 
yet  an  il!  Judge  mxy  take  Advantage  to  do 
Wrong  J  and  then  are  all  honeft  Men,  that  fuc- 
cced  him,  tied,  in  a  Manner,  to  his  unjuft  and 
partial  Concjufions.  Wherefore  leave  not  ihe 
Law  to  the  Ple^ifure  of  the  Judge,  but  let  your 
Laws  be  Ktokcd  into  :  For  I  defire  not  the  abo- 
iifhing  of  the  Laws,  but  only  the  clearing  and 
the  fweeping  of  the  Ruft  of  them  ;  and  that 
by  Parliament  our  Laws  might  be  cleared,  and 
made  known  to  all  the  Stibjeifls.  Yea  rather, 
it  were  lefe  Hurt,  that  all  the  approved  Cafcs 
were  fctdown,  and  allowed  by  Paaliamem,  for 
ft.inding  L^ws  in  all  Time  to  come  :  For  al- 
though fome  of  tbem,  peradventure,"  may  be 
unjuft,  as  fer  down  by  corrupt  Juda;cs  j  yet 
belter  it  is-  to  have  a  certain  Law,  with  fome 

*  Spot* 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      187 

Spots  in  it,  nor  live  under  fuch  an  uncertain  and  y^„,  j,  jm^j,  i 

arbitVary  Law  ;  fince,  as  the  Proverb  is,  /•  //  lifi 
'  Harm  to  fuff'er  an  Incmvcmence^  than  a  Mifcfnef^ 

*  And  now  may  you  h.ive  fair  Occafionsof  amend- 
'  ingand  polifhing  your  Laws*  when  5ftf//tfni< is  to 

*  be  united  with  you  under  them  :  For  who  can 
'  blame  Sfo^/ijj/rf,  to  fay.  If  you  will  take  away  our 

*  own  Laws,  I  pray  you  give  us  a  better  and  clearer 

*  in  Place  thereof.     But  this  is  not  poflible  to  be 

*  done,  without  a  fit  Preparation.  He  that  buil- 
'  dcih  a  Ship,  muft  tirft  provide  theTimbcr  \  and, 

*  asCi!'ryyhtmfelffAid,NoManwillbuildanHouic, 
'  but  he  will  firft  provide  the  Materials  ;  nor  a  wife 

*  King  will  not  make  War  againft  another,  witb- 
'  Mt  he  firft  make  Provifion  of  Money  :  And 
'  all  great  Works  muft  have  their  Prepaiation  ; 

*  and  that  was  my  End,  in  caufing  the  Inftru- 

*  ment  of  the  Union  to  be  made.  Union  is  a 
'  Marriage  :  Would  he  not  be  thought  abfurd, 

*  that,  furthering  of   a  Marriage  between  two 

*  Friends  of  his,  would  make  his  firit  Moiion  to 

*  have  the  two  Parties  be  laid  in  Bed  t<^ether,  and 
'  perform   the  other  Turns  of  Marriage  ?  Mull 

*  there  not  precede  (/)  rhe  mutual  Sight  aud  Ac- 

*  quaiDiainccbf  the  Parties  one  with  another  i  the 

*  Conditions  of  the  Contraft,  and  Jointure,  to 

*  be  talked  of,  an-1  agreed  upon,  by  tlicir  Friends ; 
*■  and  fuch  oiher  Things,  as  in  Order  ought  to  go 

*  b«fore  the  Ending  of  fuch  a  Work  ?  The  Un- 
'  ion  is  an  c'ernal  Agreement  and  Reconciliation 
f  of  many   long,  hloody  Wars,  that  have  been 

*  betweeri  thefe  two  ancient  Kingdoms.    It   is 

*  the  rcailieft  Way  to    agree  a  private  Q^iarrel 

*  between  two,  to  bring  them,  at  the  firft,  to 

*  fbake  Kjnd.t,  and,  as  it  were,  kifs  oiher,  and 

*  lie  under  one  Roof,  or  rather  in  one  Bed,  to- 
^  geihcr,  before  that  firft  the  Ground  of   their 

*  Quarrel  be  communed  upon,  their  Minds  miti- 

*  Mtcd,  their  AfTciftions  prepared,  and  all  other 
«  Circumftances  firft  ufeJ,  that  ought  to  be  ufed, 
f  to  proceed  to  ftich  a  final  Agreement-     Every 

'  honel^ 


i88    ne 'Parliamentary  HisrroKT 

An.  5'  Jawesi.*  honcft  Man  defireth  a  perfeft  Union  ;  but  they 
ifio;,       f  that  they  fay  fo,  and  admit  no  Preparation  there- 

*  to,  have  Mei  in  Ort,  Fel  in  Corde.    If   after 

*  your  lb  long  Talk  of  Union,  in  all  this  long 

*  Seffion  of  Parliament,  ye  rife,  without  agree-. 

*  ing  upon  any  Particular ;  what  will  the  Neigh-r 

*  hour  Princes  judge,  whofe  Eyes  are  all  fixed 

*  upon  the  Conclufion  of  this  A£tion,  but  that 

*  the  King  is  refufed  in  bis  Defirc  i  whereby  the 

*  Nation  Ihould  be  taxed,  and  the  King  difgraced  ? 

*  And  what  an  ill  Preparation  is  it  for  the  Minds 

*  of  Scotland  toward  the  Union,  when  they  (hall 

*  hear,  that  111  is  fpoken  of  thetr  whole  Nation  i 

*  but  nothbg  is  done  nor  advanced  in  ilie  Matter; 

*  of  the  Uaion  ilfeU^?    But  this,  I  am  glad,  wa« 

*  but  the  Fault  of  one  i  and  one  is  no  Number  : 

*  Yet  have  your  Neighbours  of  Scotland  this  Ad^ 
'  vantage  of  you>  thai  none  of  them  hath  fpoken 
*■  ill  of  you  (nor  (hall,  as  long  as  I  am  King)  in 

*  Parliament,  or  any  fuch  publick  Place  of  Judi- 

*  caiure.  Confider  therefore  well,  if  the  Mindg 
S  of  Scotland  had  not  need  to  be  well  prepared,  to 
'  periliade  their  mutual  Confent,  feeing  you  here 

*  have  all  the  great  Advantage  by  the  Union  :  I5 

*  not  here  the  perfonal  Relidence  of  the  King  i 

*  his  whole  Court,  and  Family  ?   Is  not  here  the 

*  Seat  of  Juftice,  and  the  Fountain  of  Govem- 

*  ment  I  Muft  they  not  be  fubjeded  to  the  Laws 

*  of  England,  and  fo,  with  Time,  become  but 
■  as  Cumberland,  and  Northu^berbndy  and  tbofQ 
«  other  remote  and  Northern  Shires  ?    You  are. 

*  to  be  the  Hufband,  they  the  Wife  ;  yon  Con-. 

*  querors,  they  as  conquered  ;  though  not  by  the 

*  Sword,  but  By  the  fweel  and  fure  Bond  of  Love  ; 

*  Befides  that  they,  as  other  Northern  Countries, 

*  will  be  (eldom  feen  and  faluted  by  their  Kii>g  ^ 

*  and  that,  as  it  v/ete,  but  in  a  pofting  or  hunt- 

*  ing  Journey.* 

*  How  little  Caufe  then  they  may  have  of  fticK 
'  a  Change  of  fo  ancient  a  Monarchy  into  the; 

*  Cafe  of  private  Shires,  judge  rightly  herein  j 
*•  %nd|  that  you  may  be  the  mure  upright  Judg^, 

*  fuppife 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     1S5, 

*  fuppofe  yourfclves  the  Patients,  of  whom  fuch  An.  5.  jima? 

*  Scnccncc  (hould  be  given-     But  what  Prepara-       1607, 

*  lion  is  it  which  I  crave?    Only  fuch,  as,  by 

*  the  Entrance,  may  thcw   fomcthjng  is  donci 

*  yet  more  is  intended. ' 

*  There  is  a  Conceit  entertained,  and  a  double 

*  Jealoufy  poirclfcth  many,  wherein  I  am  mif- 
'  judg:ed  ;  firft,  that  this  Union  will  he   the  Crifis 

*  to  the  Overthrow  of  England,  and  Setting  up  of 

*  Seothnd :  England  will   be  then  overwhelmed 

*  by  the    fwarming   of    the  Scoti^  who,   if   ihe 

*  Union  were  affe^ed,  would    reign,  and   rule 

*  all.     The  fecond  is  my  profufe  Liberality  to  the 

*  Scotlijhmen^  mote  than  the  Englijh  ;  and  that, 

*  with  [his  Union,  all  Things  fhall  be  given  to 

*  them,  and  you  turned  out  of  all  ;  To  you  fhall 

*  be  left  the  Sweat,  and  Labour  ;  to  them  fhall 

*  be  given  the  Fruit,  and  Sweet :  And  that  ray 
'  Forbearance  is  but  till  this  Union  may  be 
'  gained/ 

*  How  agreeable  this  is  to  the  7'ruth,  judge 
'  you  i  and  that,  not  by  my  Word,  but  by  my 

*  Actions.     Dol  crave  the  Union,  without  Ex- 

*  ceptions  ?    Do  1  not  offer  to  bind  myfclf,   and 

*  to  referve  to  you,  as  in   the  Jnftrument,  all 

*  Places  of  Judicature  ?  Do  I  intend  any  Tiling, 
'  which  ftandeth   not  wiih  the  equal    Good  of 

*  both  Nations  ?  I  could  then  have  done  it,  and 

*  not  fpoken  of  it  ;   for  all  Men  of  Underftand- 

*  ing  muft  agree,    that  I  might  difpofe,  without 

*  Ancnt  of  rarliament,  Offices    of    Judicature, 

*  and  others,  both  Ecclefiaftical  and  Temporal  : 

*  But  herein  1  did  voluntarily  ofler,  by  my  Letters 

*  from  Royjhn  to  the  Commifiioncra,   io   bind 

*  my  Prerogative.' 

*  Some  think,  that  I  will  draw  the  Stottijb  Wa- 

*  lion  hither  \   talking  idlcly   of  transporting  of 

*  Trees  out  of  a  barren  Ground  into  a  better  ; 

*  and  of  lean  Cattle  out  of  bad  Pafture  into  a  more 

*  fertile  Soih     Can  any  Man  difplan:  you,  un- 

*  lels  you  will  ?    Or  can  any  Man  think,  that 

*  Scotland  is  fo  ftrong,  to  pull  you  out  or  your 

*  Houfesf 

1  po    The  Tarliamentary  HisTOR  t 

Jmdci  I. '  Houfes  ?   Or  do  you  not   thinks  !  know  Bug' 
07.        '  land  hath  more  People ;   Scsthnd  more  waftel 
'  Ground  i    fo  that  ihere  is  Roumth  in  StHianJ^* 

*  rather  to  plant  your  idle  People,  that  i'wartn'' 

*  in  Lond$n  Streets,  and  other  Towns*  and  dil- 
'  burthen  you  of  them,  than  to  bring  more  un- 

*  to  you  ?    And   in  Cafes   of  Juftice,   if  I  bc^ 
'  partial  to  cither  Side,  let  my  own  Moulh  con- 

*  demn  me,  as  unworthy  to  he  your  King  * 
'  I  appeal   to  yourfelves,  if  in  Favour  or  Juf- 

*  tice  I  have  been  partial  :    Nay,  my  Intention 

*  was  ever,  you  fliould  then  have  moll  Caufc  to 
'  praife  my  Difcretion,  when  you  faw  I  had 
'  molt  Power.    If  hitherto  I  have  done  nothing 

*  to  your  Prejudice,  much  lefs  mean  I  hereafter. 

*  If  when  1  might  have  done  ir,  without  any 

*  Breach  of  Promiie  ;  think  fo  of  me,  that 
'  much  Icfs  I    will   do    it,  when   a  Law  is    to 

*  reftrain  me.  I  owe  no  more  to  the  Sattijb' 
'  men   than  to  the  Englijb  :  I  was  born  ihercj 

*  and  fworn  here  ;   and  now    reign  over  both. 

*  S^ch   paiticular  Perfons  of  the  Sattrjh  Nation, 

*  as  might    claiiTi    any    extraordinary    Merit  at] 

*  my  Hitnds,  I  have  already  reaibiubly  rewarded  ; 

*  and  1  c;m  aflure  you,  that  there  is  none  left,' 

*  for  whom  I  mean  exiraordin:iry   to  ftrain  my- 

*  I'elf,   turiher  than  in   fuch  ordinary  Benefir,  as 

*  1  may    eijually     beftow,    without  mine   own 

*  great  Hurt,   upoii  any  Suhjedt,  or  either  Na- 

*  tion  ;  in  which  Cafe,  no  Kinjz's  Hands  can  ever 

*  be  fully  clofed.     To  bothlowc  Jullice,  and  Pro- 

*  lection;  which,  with  God'h  Grace,  1  (Ha!!  ever 
'  equally  balance.     For  my  Liberality,  I  have  told 

*  you  of  it  heretofore  :  My  three  firft  Years  were 

*  (O  [tiiemj  (/)  as  a  Chr'ftmas :  I  could  not  then  be 

*  mifcrdble      Should  I  have  been  over-fparing  to 

*  them,  ihey  might  have  thought,  Jo/fph  had  for- 

*  got:cn  hiR  Brethren  ;  or  ih^t  the  King  had  been 
'  dr.nk  wiih  his  new  Kingdom.     But  Suits  go  not 

*  fo  cheap,  as  [hey  were  wont ;  neither  arc  there 
'  fo  many  Fees  taken  in  the  Hamper  and  Pctty- 

•  Bag; 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      ij^i 

*  Ba^,   for  the  Great  Seal,  as  baih  bccu  ;  and^^  ^.  ImkI. 

*  jf  Idid  refpeS  the  EngUjh^  when  I  came  firft,     *  1607. 

*  of  whom  I  was  receiv&i  with  Joy,  and  came 
'  as   in  a    huniiog   Journey  j    what  might  riie 

*  5fiJ///}^  have  jullW  Uui,  if  I  had  not,  in  fome 
'   Mealijrc,  doali  bouniifully  with  them,  that  (o 

*  long  had  fervcd  me,  lb  far  adventured  them- 
'  fclvcs  with  mc,  and  been  To  faithful  tome  ?     I. 

*  havc^iven  you   now  four  Years  Proof,  fince^ 

*  my   Cominji ;  and    what  I    might  have  done' 

*  more,  to  have  rtiifed  the  Sattijb  Nation,  you, 

*  all    know  ;   and    the  longer  I    hrc,    the  Ic(s 

*  Caufe  have  I  lo  be  acquainted  with  them,  and 

*  fo  the  Icfs  Hope  of  txiuordinary  Favour  to- 

*  wards  them :  Fur,  fince  my  Coming  from  them,. 

*  I  do  not  already  know  the  one  half  of  them, 
'  by  Face  i  molt  of  the  Youth  being  now  lifcn 

*  up  to  be  Men,  who  were  but  Cliildren,  when 

*  I  was  there  ,  and  more  are  born  fince  my  Com- 

*  ing  thence.     Now,   for  my    Lands,  and  Re- 

*  venues  of  my  Crown,  which  you  may  thinfc 
'  1  have  diminjflied ;  they  arc  not  yet  fo  hi 
'  diminiftcd,  but  that  I  rhink  no  Prince  iu  Cbrljhtt- 

*  dam  hath  fairer  Pollclfions  10  his  Crown,  than 
'  yet  I  have  ;  and,   in  Token  of  my  Care  to 

*  preferve  the  fame   to  my  Poftcrity  for  ever,. 

*  the  Email  of  my  Lands  to  the  Crown  hath  been 

*  long  ago  offered  unio  you  ;  and  that  it  is  not 

*  vet  done,    is  not  my  Fault,   aa   you    know. 

*  My  Treafurer  here  knoweth  my  Care,  and  hath 

*  already,  in  Pan,  declared  it;  and  if  I  did  not 

*  hope  to  treble  my  Revenue  more  than  I  have 

*  impaired  it,  I  DiouM  never  left  quietly  in  ray 

*  Bed.     But,  notwuhUanding  my  coming  to  the 

*  Crown  with  that  extraordinary  Applaufc,  which 

*  you  all  know,  and  that  I  had  two  Nations  to  be 

*  the  Objects  of  my  Liberaliiy,  which  never  any 
*.  Prince  had  here  before;    will  you  compare  my 

*  Gifts,  out  of    mine  Inheritance,    with    fome 

*  Princes  here,   that  had  only  this  Nation  to  re- 

*  fpedl;    and  whofe  whole  Time  of  Reign  was 

*  little  longer  than  mine  hath  been  already  i  it  will 

*  be  found,    that  their  Gifts  have  far  furpafled 

*  mine. 


ipi    The  Parliamentary  Histort 

Aifas.  Jmej  l/  mine,  albeit,  as  I  have  already  faid,  they  had  no- 
i6©7.        «  thing  fo  great  Caufe  of  ufing  their  Liberality. 

•  Secondly,  for  the  Manner  of  the  Union,  prc- 
fenily  defired,  it  ftandeth  in  three  Pans :  The 
'  firft,  taking  away  of  hoftilc  Laws:    For  fmce 
'  there  can  be  no  Wars  betwixt  you,  is  it  not 
'  Reafon,  hoftile  Laws  fl\ould  ceafe  ?  For,  defici-  - 
^  enie  Caufay  ^efnH  EjfeSfm.     The  King  of  Eng-i 
'  land  now  cannot  have  Wars  with  the  King  ofi 
'  Scotland;    therefore  this  fails  of  itfelf.     The  fe- < 
'  cond  is,  Community  of  Commerce.     I  am  no 
'  Stranger  unio  you  j   for  you  all  know,    I  canle 
'  from  the  Loins  of  your  ancient  Kings,     Tlwy 
'  of  S^stland  be  my  Subjefts  as  you  are ;  but  how 
'  can  I  be  natural  liege  Lord  to  you  both,  and 
'  you  Strangers  one  to  the  other?    Shall  they, 
'  which  be  of  one  Allegiance  with  you,  be  no 
'  belter  refpe^ed  of  you,   nor  freer  amongft  you, 
'  than  Frenchmen  and  Spamardi  ?   Since  I  am  So- 1 
'  vereign  over  you  both,  as  Subjects  to  one  King, 
'  it  muft  needs  follow,  that  you  converfe  and  have . 
'  Commerce  togeiher.     There  is  a  Rumour  of' 
fome  ill  Dealings,  iliat  fhould  be  ufcd  by  the  \ 
CommJflioners,   Merchants  of  Siotbnd.    They 
be  here  in  England^    and  fiiall  remain  till  your 
next  Meeting,  and  abide  Trial,  to  prove  ihcm- 
felvea,  either  honeft  Men,  or  Knaves. 
'  Thirdly,  for  ihe  third  Poinr,  of  Naturaliza- 
tion; all  you  agree,  that  they  are  no  Aliens,  and 
yet  will  not  allow  them  to  be  natural.     What 
Kind  of  Prerogitive  will  you  make  ?  But  for  the 
Pojl-Natiy  your  own  Lawyers  and  Judges,  at 
my  firft  coming  to  this  Crown,  infurmed  me, 
there  was  a  Difference  between  the  Ante  and  the 
Pop  Nati oi  each  Kingdom;   which  caufed  me 
to  publifli  a  Procjamaticn,  that  the  Pojl-Nati 
were  naturalized  [xpjo  falU)  h'j  the  Accellion  to 
this  Crown.     I  do  not  deny,  bur  Judges  may  err, 
as  Men  ;  and  therefore  1  do  not  prefs  you  here  to 
fwear  to  all  ihcir  Reafons:    I  only  urge,  at  this 
Time,  the  Conveniency  for  both  Kingdoms; 
iifiither  prelfing  you  to  judje,  nor  to  be  judged : 

•  But 

Oy    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      1^3 

Buc  remember  alfo*  it  is  as  pofliblc,  and  likely,  Aa.  5.  jsma  1 

your  own  Lawyers  may  err,   as  the   Judges. 

*  Therefore,  as  1  willi  you  to  proceed  here  in  fo 

*  Tar  as  may  tend  to  the  Weal  ot"  both  Nations  i 
'  fo  would  [  have  you,  on  the  other  P.irt,  to  be- 
'  ware  to  difgiace,  cither  ray  Proclamation,  or 

*  the  Judges  ;  who,  when  the  Parliament  is  done, 

*  have  Power  to  uy  your  Lands  and  X^ves  i  for 

*  fo  you  may  both  your  King  and  your 

*  Laws:  For  the  doing  of  any  A^,  that  may  pro- 

*  cure  lets  Reverence  to  the  Judges,  cannot  but 
'  breed  a  Loofencfs  in  the  Government,  and  a 

*  Difgrace  to  the  whole  Nation.  The  Reafon, 
'  that  mod  moves  me,  for  ought  1  have  yet  heard, 
'  that  there  cannot  but  be  a  Difference  between 

*  the  Ante-nati  and  the  Pe/f-tiaiiy  and  that  in  the 

*  Favour  of  the  laft,  is,  that  they  muft  be  nearer 
'  unto  you,  being  born  under  the  prefent  Govcrn- 

*  ment,and  common  Allegiance,     But  in  Point  of 

*  Convcniency,  there  is  no  Queftion,  but  the  Po/?- 

*  nati  are  more  to  be  refpetted  i  for  if  you  would 

*  have  a  pcrfcifl  and  perpetual  Union,  that  can- 

*  not  be  in  the  j9nce-natl^  wlio  arc  but  few  in 

*  Compariron  of  thofc,  that  (hall  be  in  ali  Ages 
^  fucteeding,  and  cannot  live  long  ;  but  in   the 

*  Poji-natl  (hall  the  Union  be  continued,  and  live 

*  ever.  Age  after  Age  ;   which,  wanting  a  Dif- 

*  fercncc,  cannot  but  leave  a  perpetual  Mark  of 

*  Separation  in  the  Work  of  the  Union :  As  alfo 
I  ihat  ArgumciM  of  Jealoufy  will  be  k>  far  remo- 

*  vcd  in   ilie  Cafe  of  the  Poji-nati^  which  are  to 

*  reap  the  Benefit  in  all  fucceeding  Ages,  as,  by 
'  the  contrary,  there  will  then  arifc  Pharaohij 
■  which  never  knew  Jcfipbi  the  Kings,  my  Suc- 
'  ceffors,  who,  being  born  and  bred  here,  can  ne- 

*  vcr  have  more  Occafion  of  Acquaintance  with 
'  iht  Sco((i/h  Nation   in  general,   than  any  other 

*  B'iglifh  King,  was  before  my  Time.     Be 

*  nui  iherel'ore  abufed  with  the  flattering  Speeches 
'  of  fuch,  as  would  have  the  Anie-nau  preferred  ; 

*  aUedging  tlieir  Merit  in  my  Service,  Jnd  fuch 
'  other  Rcafons,  which  indeed  are  but  Sophifms ; 

Vol.  V.  N  '  Fo> 


TheTarliamentary  Histort 

For  my  Rewarding,  oui  of  my  Liberality,  of  any 
particularMcn,  hath  nothing  adoe  with  the  gene- 
ral AtSof  the  Union  which  muft  not  regard  the 
Deferts  of  private  Pcrfons,  but  the  general  Weal 
and  Conjoining  of  the  Nations.  Bcfides  that, 
the  aftuat  Naturalizing,  which  is  the  only  Point, 
that  is  in  your  H.mds,  is  already  granted  to  by 
yourfelvcs  to  the  moft  Part  of  fuch  particular 
Perfons,  ascan  haveany  Ufe  of  it  here  i  and  if 
any  other  weil-dcfcrvjng  Men  were  lo  fue  for  it 
hereafter,  I  doubt  not,  but  there  would  never  be 
Qucftion  moved  among  you,  for  the  granting  of 
it.  And  therefore  it  is  moft  evident,  that  fuch 
Difcourfers  have  Me!  in  Ore^  Pel  in  Cm-de^  as  I 
faid  before  \  carrying  an  outward  Appearance  of 
Love  to  the  Union,  but  indeed  n  contrary  Refo- 
lution  in  their  Hearts.  And  as  for  Limitations} 
and  Refpedlations,  fuch  as  fhatl  by  me  be  agreed 
upon  to  be  rcafonable  and  neceflary,  after  you 
have  fully  debated  upon  them  ;  you  may  aflijre 
yourfelves,  I  will  with  Indifferency  grant  what 
is  rcquifiie,  without  partial  Rcfpeit  of  Scutland. 
I  ^m,  as  I  have  often  lmd»  born»  and  fworn. 
King  over  both  Kingdoms :  Only  thus  far  let 
me  inireac  you,  in  debating  the  Point  at  your 
next  Meeting,  that  ye  be  as  ready  to  refolve 
DoubFs,  as  to  move  ihem,  and  to  be  fitistied, 
when  Doubts  are  cleared.* 
*  And  as  for  Commodities,  that  come  by  the 
Union  of  thcfe  Kiniidoms,  they  are  great 
and  evident  ^  Peace,  Plenty,  Love,  free  Inier- 
courfe,  and  common  Society  of  two  great  Na- 
tions. AI!  foreign  Kings,  that  have  fcnt  their 
Ambafladots  lo  cong,ra[ulate  wiih  me,  fmce  my 
Coming;,  have  faiuted  me,  a."  Monarch  of  the 
whole  lile,  and  with  much  more  Relpeft  of  my 
Greainefs,  iban  if  I  were  Kins  al<meof  one  of 
thefe  Realms :  And  with  what  Comfort  do  your- 
felves behold  lap},  Se  tti/b^  H^eUh^  and  Englijh^ 
divers  in  Nation,  yei  all  walking  as  Subjedb  and 
Servants  wiihin  my  Court,  and  all  living  under 
ihe  Allegiance  of  your  King;  bcfides  the  Hon- 

f   OUT 

Of    ENGLAND.      15,5 

our  and  Luftre,  that  tlie  Increafe  of  gallant  Men  An.  5.  jimw  i. 
in  the  Court,  of  divers  Naiions,  carries  in  the       1607. 
Eyes  of  all  Strangers,  that  repair  hither  ?  Thofc 
confining  Places,  which  [were]  the  Borders  of  the 
two  Kingdoms  i  where  heretofore  much  Blood 
was  fhed,  and  many  of  your  Anceftors  loft  their 
laves  i  yea,  ihat  lay  waftc  and  dcfolaie,   and 
were  Hahitations  but  for  Runagates;  arc  now 
become  the  Navel  or  Umbilick  of  both  King- 
doms, planted   and  peopled  with  Civilicy  and 
Riches  ;  Their  Churches  begin  to  be  planted  ; 
their  Doors  ftand  now  open  ;  they  fear  neither 
robbing  nor  fpoiling;  and  where  there  was  nc- 
ihing  before  tw^ard,  nor  feen,  in  tliofe  Parta,  but* 
Bluodfhed,  Opprcflions,  Compbints,  and  Out- 
cries, they  now  live  every  Man  peaceably  under 
his  own  Fig-tree  ;  and  all  their  former  Cries  and 
Complaints  turned  only  into  Prayers  to  God  for 
iheir  King,  under  whom  they  enjoy  fuch  Eafe 
and  happy  Quielnefs.     The  Marches,   beyond 
and  on  this  Side  Ttveed,  arc  as  fruitful,  and  as 
peaceable  as  moft  Parts  of  England.     If,  after 
all  this,  there  (hall  be  a  Sciflurc,  what  Inconvcn* 
icnce  will  follow,  judge  you.* 
*  And  as  for  the  Inconveniences,  that  are  feared 
on  Eriiliind's  Part,  it  is  alledged,  that  the  Seals 
are  a  iX)pulous  Nation  i  they  Ih;Ul  be  harboured 
in  our  Neft  ;  they  Diall  be  planted  and  flourifti 
in  our  good  Soil ;  they  (ha)l  eat  our  Commons 
bare,  and  make  us  lean.     Thefe  are  fooliOi  and 
idle  Surmifes.    That,  which  you  poflefs,  they 
are  not  to  enjoy  i  by  Law  ihcy  cannot,  nnr  hf 
my  Partiality  they  (hall  not  :  For,  fee  apart 
Confcience  and  Honour  (which  if  I  fhould  (et 
apart  indeed,  I  had  rather  with  myfelf  to  be  fct 
apart,  and  out  of  all  Being)  can  any  Man  con- 
clude, cirber  out  of  common  Rcafon,  or  good 
Policy,  that  I  will  prefer  thofe,  which  perhaps 
I  (hall  never  lee,  or  but  by  Poft,  for  a  Month, 
before  thofe,  with  whom  I  muft  always  dwell  ? 
Can  they  conquer  or  overcome  you  with  Swarms 
of  People,  as  the  Goths  and  the  Vandah  did 
N  a  '  Atf^  f 

1^6    TbeTarliamentary  Histort 


An.  5.  juoMl.  *  ^^b  ^  Surely  the  World  knows,  they  are  no- 

1607,        '  thing  \o  populous  as  you  are ;  and  although  they 

'  have  had  the  Honour,  and  good  Fortune,  never 

*  to  be  conquered  ;  yet  were  ttiey  ever  but  upon 

*  the  defeniive  Part,  and  may,  in  a  Part,  thank 

*  their  Hills  and  inacceflible  Pafiiiges,  that  prefer- 

*  ved  them  from  an  utter  Overthrow,    at   the 
'  Hands  of  all,  that  pretended  to  conquer  them. 

*  Or  are  they  {o  very  poor  and  niiftratjle  in  their 
'  own  Habitations,    that  Neceffity  fhould  force 

*  them  all  to  make  Incurfions  i>mong  you  ?  And 

*  for  my  Part,  when  I  have  two  Nadons  under 

*  my  Government,  can  you  imagine,  I  will  re- 
'  fpeft  the  Icfler,  and  negktt  the  greater?  Would 

*  I  not  think  it  a  lefs  Evil  and  Hazard  to  me,  that 
'  the  Plague  were  at   Northampton ^  or  Berwick^ 

*  than  at  Lcndsu^  fo  near  Wejlminjler^  the  Seat  of 
'  my  Habiiaiion,  apd  of  my  Wife  and  Children  ? 

*  Will  not  a  Man  be  more  careful  to  quench  the 

*  Fire  taken  in  his  neareft  Neighbour's  Houfe, 
'  than  if  a  whole  ToWn  were  a-fire  far  from  him  i 
'  You  know,  that  I  am  careful   to  prefcrvc  ihe 

*  Woods,  and  Game,  through  all  England^  nay, ' 
'  ihrough  all  the  Iflc  1  yet  none  of  you  doubts,* 
'  but  that  I  would  be  more  offended  with  any     I 

*  Diforder  in  the  Foreft  of  JValtham,  for  ftealing'  ' 
^  *  of  a  Stag  there,  which  Ueih,  as  it  were,  under 

*  my  Nofe    and  in  a  Manner  joineih  with  my 

*  Garden,  Than  wiih  cutting  of  Timber,  or  fteal-  ' 

*  ing  of  a  Deer,  in  any  Foreft  of  the  North  Parts' 
'  of   Yvrijbire,  or  the  Bijbcpiiik.     Think  you, 

*  thit   I   Will   prefer  them,  that  be  abfent,  lc6 

*  pnwtJ-fiil,  and  farther  off  to  do  me  Good,  or- 
'  Hurt,  before  you,  with  whom  my  Security  and 

*  Living  mtirt  be,  and  where  1  defire  to  plant  my 

*  Pofteriiy  ?  If  I  might,  by  any  fuch  Favours, 

*  raite  niyielf  to  a  Grcaincfs,  it  might  be  probable : 

*  All  1  cannot  draw  ;  and   to  !ofc  a  whole  State 

*  here,  to  plcafc  a  kw  there,  were  Madtiefs.     I 
'  need  fpcr.k  no  nuire  of  this  with  Proleftations  : 

*  Speak  but  of  a  Wit,  it  is  not  liJtely  ;  and  to 

*  doubt 

Cy    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      197 

•  «ioubt  of  my  Intention  in  this,  were  more  than  An. 

•  devili{h/ 

*  For  mine  own  Part,  I  offer  more,  than  I  re- 
ceive ;  and  Convcnicncy  I  prefer  before  Law, 
in  this  Point.     For  three  Parts,  wherein  I  might 
liurt  this  Nation,  by  Partiality  to  the  Sutiy  you 
JcnoWt  do  abfolutely  lie  in  my  Hands  and  Power : 
Tor  either  in  DifpoJilion  of  Rents,  or  whatio- 
«ver  Benefit,    or  in    the  Preferring  of  thtm  to 
sny  Dignity  or  Ollicc,  civil  or  eccIefMftica],  or 
as  calling  them  to  the  P.irliament  ;  it  doth  all 
fully  and  only  lie  within  the  Compafs  ol  my 
ffrerc^live  ;  which  are  the  Parts,  wherein  the 
Sisttyhmtn  can  receive  eithei  Benefit   or  Prcfer- 
menif  by   the  Union  ;    and    wherem,  for    the 
Care  I   have  of  this  People,  I  am  content  to 
bind  myfelf  with  fome  rcafonableReftridions.' 
*  As  for  the   fourth  Part,    the  Naturalizing, 
which  only  lieth  m  your  Hands ;  it  is  the  Point* 
'  wherein  they  receive  leaft  Benefit  of  any  :    For 

*  in  that  they  ran  obtain  nothing,  but  wliat  they 

*  buy  by  thetr  Purfc,  or  acquire  by  the  felf-fame 
'  Means,  ihat  you  do.     And  as  for  the  Point  of 

*  Naturalizing,  which  is  the  Point  thought  Jo  fit, 

*  and  fo  precifely  belonging  lo  Parliament  i  not 

*  to  (peak  of  the  Common  Law,  wherein  as  yet, 
^  I  can  profefs  no  ^re.ii  Knowledge,  but  in   the 

*  Civil  Law,  wherein  I  am  a  little  better  verfed, 

*  and  which,  in  the  Point  of  Conjundtion  of  Na- 

*  tions,  flioulJ  bear  a  great  Sway,  it  being  the  Law 
^  of  Nations;  I  will  matnuin  two  Principles  in  it, 

*  which  no  learned  and  grave  Civilian  will  deny  j 
'  as  being  clearly  to  be  proved,  both  out  of  the 

*  Text  itldf,  in  many  Places,  and  alfo  out  of  the 

*  beft  approved  Doctors  and  Interpreters  of  that 
'  Law  :  The  one,  that  it  is  a  fpecia!  Point  of  the 
*■  King's  own  Prerogative,  to  make  Aliens  Cici- 

*  zcrn,  and  dmari  CivUatt :  The  other,   that  in 

*  any  Cafe,  wherein  the  Lavp  is  thought  not  to 

*  be  cleared  (as  ibme  of  yourfelves  do  doubt,  that, 
'  in  this  Caie  of  the  Pojf-nati^  the  Law  of  Eag' 

*  hnJ  doth  no:  clearly  determine)  then  in  luch  i 

N  3  *  Qiief- 

5.  Jtoaes  u 

1^8    The  Tarliamentary  Histort 

Afl.  j.J*m«l..*  Queftion,  wherein  no  pofitive  Law  is  refolute. 


Rex  efi  Judex  \  for  he  is  Lex  hquem^  and  is  to 

*  fupply  the  Law,  where  ihe  Law  wants  :   And  if 

*  many  famous  Hiftories  be  to  be  believed,  ihey 

*  give  the  Example,  for  maintaining  of  this  Law, 

*  in   the  Perfons  of  the  Kings  of  England  and' 

*  France  efpecially,  whofe  fpccial  Prerogaiive  they 

*  alledgc  it  to  be.     But  this!  fpeak  only,  as  know- 

*  in^  what  belongeth  to  a  King ;  although  in  thi? 

*  Calc  1  prcfe  no  further,  than   that,  which   may 

*  agree  with  your  Loves,  and  ft;md  with  the  Weal 

*  and  Conveniency  of  both  Nutions.* 

'  And  whereas  fome  may  think,  this  Union 

*  will  bring  Prejudice  to  fomc  Towns  and  Cor- 
^•porations  \\\\h'\n  England  \  it  may  be,  a  Mer- 

*  chant  or  two  ofSri/I^I,  or  yurmouthy  may  have 

*  an  hundred  Pounds  lefs   in  his  Pack  ;  but  if  the 

*  Empire  gain,  and  become  the  gtcalc;r,  it  is  no 

*  Matter.    You  fee  one  Corpora  lion  is  ever  againft 

*  another;  and  no  private  Company  can  be  fei  up, 

*  but  with  fome  Lois  to  another.' 

'  Fourth  :  For  the  fuppoled  Inconveniences  ri- 
'  fing  from  Scsthnd^  they  are  three ;  Firft,  that 

*  there  is  an  evil  Alfeftion  in  the  Seottijh  Nation 

*  to  the  Union :  Next,  the  Union  is  incompatible 
'  between  two  fuch  Nation?:  Thirdly,  that  ihc 

*  Gain  is  fmall,  or  none :  If  this  be  fo,  to  what 

*  End  do  we  talk  of  an  Union?* 

*  Far  Proof  of  the  lirft  Point,  there  is  alledgcd 

*  an  Averfncls  in  Ihe  ^lottijh  Nation,  exprelfcd  in 
^  the  Inftrument,  both  in  the  Preface  and  Body  of 

*  their  Aft :  In  the  Preface,  where  they  declare, 
'  that  they  will  remain  anabfoluie  and  free  Mon- 

*  archy  \  and  in   tlie  Body  of   the  Aft,  where 

*  they  niake  an  Exception  of  the  ancient  funda- 
^  menial  Laws  of  thit  Kingdom.* 

*  And  firft,  for  the  General,  of  their  Averf- 
.*  nel6.      All  the  main  Current   in   your   Lower 

*  HoLifc  ran  this  whole  Selhon  of  Parliament  with 

*  that  Opinion,  thai  Scoiland  was  fo  greedy  of  this 
i  Union,  and  apprehended,  that   they  fhould  re- 

l^  c?ivc  fo  much  Benefit  by  it,  as  they  cared  not 

•  for 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     ipp 

*  for  the  Striftnefi  of  any  Conditions,  fo  thcyj^  c.  jimeit. 
'  might  attain  to  theSubftance;  and  yet  you  now     '  1607. 

*  iay,  they  are  backwarda,  and  averfc  from  the 

*  Union.    This  is  a  direct  Contradiftion  w  ad- 

*  jt^9 :  For  how  can  they  both  be  Beggars  and 

*  backwards,  in  one  and  the  felf-fame  Thing,  at 

*  the  feme  Time  ? 

*  But,  fot  Anfwer  to  the  Particulars,  it  is  an 

*  old  School  Point,  Ejus  eji  expUcare^  ct0us  $ji 

*  condfrt:  You  cannot  interpret  their  Laws,  nor 

*  they  yours :  I,  that  made  them,  with  their  Ai- 
'  fent,  can  bell  expound  them.' 

*  And  firft,  I  confefs,  that  the  Engli/b  Parlia* 

*  ments  arc  fo  long,  and  the  Scottijb  fo  {hort,  that 

*  a  Mean  between  them  would  do  well :  For  the 
'  Shortncfs  of  their  continuing  together  was  the 

*  Caufe  of  their  hafty  Miftaking,  by  fetting  thefe 

*  Words,  of  Exception  of  fundamental  Laws,  in 

*  the  Body  of  the  A£l ;  which  they  only  did,  in 

*  preffing  to  imitate.  Word  by  Word,  the  EngB/b 

*  Inftrument,  wherein  the  fame  Words  be  con- 

*  tained  in  your  Pre&ce.  And  as  to  their  Mean- 
'  ing  and  Interpretation  of  that  Word ;  I  will  not 

*  only  deliver  it  unto  you,  out  of  mine  own  Con- 
'  ceit,  but  as  it  was  delivered  unto  me  by  the 

*  Lawyers  of  Scotland^  both  Counlellors,  and  o- 

*  ther  Lawyers,  who  were  at  the  making  thereof  * 

*  in  Scotland^  and  were  Commiflioners  here  for 

*  Performance  of  the  fame/ 

•  Their  Meaning  in  the  Word,  of  fundamental 

*  Laws,  you  ihall  perceive  more  fully  hereafter, 

*  when  I  handle  the  Objection  of  the  Difference 
'  of  I^aws ;  for  they  intend  thereby  only  thofe 
'  Laws,  whereby  Confufion  is  avoided,  and  their 

*  Kings  Oefcent  maintained,  and  the  Heritage  of 

*  the  Succetlion  and  Monarchy,  which  hath  been 
'  a  ICingdom,  to  which  I  am  defcent,  three  hundred 
'  Years  before  Chriji  \  not  meaning  it,  as  you  do, 
'  of  theif  Common  Law  ;  for  they  have  none, 
'  but  that,  which  is  called  Jus  Regis :  And  their 

*  De6re  of  continuing  a  free  Monarchy,  was  only 

*  meant,  that  all  fuch  particular  Priviledges  (where- 

*  of 

200     The  'Parliamentary  Histort 

An.  5.  Jam«l,<  of  I  fpake  before)  fliould  not  be  To  confoundeJ, 


as,  for  want  either  of  Mngiftrate,  Law,  or  Or- 
'  der,  they  mlg,hl  fall  into  (uch  a  Confufion,  as  \o 
'  become  like  a  naked  Province,  without  Law  or 

*  Liberty,  under  ihis  Kingdom ,     I  hope  you  mean 

*  not,  I  fliould  fet  Garriibns  over  them,  as  the 

*  Spaniardi  do  over  Sicily  and  Njpks ;  or  govern 

*  them  by  Commiffioners,  v  hich  are  feidom  found 

*  ruccecdingly  all  wife  and  honeft  Men.  This  I 
i  muft  fay  for  Siotland^  and  I  may  truly  vaunt  it  ; 

*  here  I  fit,  and  govern  it  with  my  Pen  ;  1  write, 

*  and  it  is  done  i  and  by  a  Clerk  o(  the  Council  \ 

*  govern  Scotlafid  now,  which  others  could  not  do 
'  by  the  Sword.  And  for  their  Averfncis  in  their 
'  Heart  againfl  the  Union  ;  it  is  true  indeed,   I 

*  proteft,  they  did  never  crav?  this  Union  of  me, 
'  nor  fought  it,  either  in  private,  or   the  State  by 

*  Letters,  nor  ever  once  did  ary  of  that  Nation 

*  pre6  me  forward,  or  ivilh  inc  to  accelerate  that 

*  Buiinels ,  but  on  the  other  Part,  they  offered  al- 
^  ways  toobey  me,  when  iciliould  come  10  them  y 

*  and  all  honert  Men,  that  dcfire  my  Grcatncls, 

*  have  been  thus  minded,  for  the  pcrfonal  Rcvc-* 
.^  rcnce  and  Regard  they  bear  unto  my  Perfon,  and 

*  any  of  my  leafonable  and  ju!i  Defires.     I  know 

*  there  arc  many  Rigotts  amongft  ihem,  I  mean 

*  aNumbcrof  fediiious  anddifconiented  particular 
f  Perfons,  as  muft  be  in  all  Commonwealths,  that 
'  where  they  dare,  may  peradvcniurc  talk  lewdly 
'  enough  ;  but  no  Scsttipsman  ever  fpake  diihon- 

*  curable  of   England  in  Parliament.     For  here 

*  muft  1  note  unto  you  the  Difference  of  the  two 
'  Parliaments  in  ihcfe  two  Kingdoms:  For  there 

*  they  muft  not  Ipeak,  without  the  Chancellor's 

*  Leave  j  and  if  any  Man  do  propound  or  utter 

*  any  fcditious  or  uncomely  Specclxs,  he  is  ftratghl 

*  inicrrupTtd  ard  filenced  by  the  Chancellor's  Au- 

*  ihorlty  ;  whereas  here,  the  Liberty  for  any  M^n 

*  to  fpeak  what  he  lilt,  and  as  long  as  he  till,  was 

*  the  only  Caufc  he  was  not  interrupted/ 

•  It  hrilh  been  objcfted,  that  there  is  an  Antj- 
^  nathy  of  the  Laws  and  Cuitoms  of  ihefe  two 

•  -  ^  Na- 

O/'   E  N  G  L  A  N  a      aoi 

*  Nations.    It  is  much  miftaken  ;  for  Stitiandjia,  «•  J«bmi  !• 
*■  bath  no  Common  LaWt  as  here ;  but  the  Law       m« 

■  tbcy  have,  is  of  three  Sorts: 

*  All  the  Law  of  Scotland  for  Tenures,  Wards 

*  and  Liveries,  Signiorie!;,  and  Lands,  are  drawn 
*•  out  of  the  Chancery  of  England ;  and  for  Mat- 

*  ters of  Equity,  and  in  manvThings  elle,  differs 
*■  from  you,  but  in  certain  Terms.     Jama  the 

*  firft,  bred  here  in  Englandy  brought  the  Iiaws 
'  thither,  in  a  written  H<ind.' 

*  The  Second  i<  Statute  Laws,  which  be  their 

*  A^  of  Parliament ;  wherein  they  have  Power, 

*  as  you,  to  make  and  alter  Laws  %  and  thofe  may 

■  be  looked  into  by  you ;  for  I  hope  you  jhall  be 

*  DO  more  Strangers  to  that  Nation :  And  the 

*  principal  Work  of  this  Union  will  be  to  reconcile 

*  the  Statute  Laws  of  both  Kingdoms.' 

*  The  Third  is  the  Civil  Law.    Jams  the 

*  6fth  brought  it  out  of  France^  by  eftabiifhing 

*  the  Scilions  there,  according  to  tbe  Form  of  the 

*  Court  of  Parliament  of  Franuy  which  he  had 
'  feen  in  the  Time  of  his  being  there  ;  who 
'  occupy  there  the  Place  of  Civil  Judges,  b  all 
•■  Matters  of  Plea  or  Controverfy  $  yet  not  to  go- 
'  vem  abfolutely  by  the  Civil  Law,  as  in  France, 
f  For  if  a  Man  plend,  that  tbe  Law  of  the  Na- 

*  lion  is  otherwife,  it  is  a  Bar  to  the  Civil  ;  and 

*  a  good  Chancellor,  orPrefident,  will  often-times 
'  repel,  and  put  to  Silence,  an  Argument,  that 
^  the  Lawyers  bring  out  of  the  Civil  Law,  where 

*  they  have  a  dear  Solution  in  their  own  Law  : 

*  So  as  the  Civil  Law,  in  Scotland^  is  admitted  in 

*  DO  other  C^f;  3,  but  lo  fupply  fuch  Cafes,  where- 

*  in  the  Municipal  Liw  is  defeilive.  Then  may 
^  you  fee,  it  is  not  fo  hard  a  Matter,  as  is  thought, 

*  to  reduce  that  Country  to  be  united  with  you 

*  under  this  Law  ',  nor  yet  h;iveany  old  Common 

*  Law  of  their  ov/n,  but  fuch  as,  in  Effeft,  is 
^  borrowed  froio  vours.  And  for  their  Statute 
^  LirWE  m  Parlt<i:ni)i:  ;  you  may  alter  and  change 
*•  them,  as  oft  as  Occauon  (hall  require,  as  you 
f  do  here/ 

io7     The  Parltamentar'y  History 

An.  s.  jadutL     •  It  hath  likewife  been  objedled,  as  another  Im- 
ifioy,        c  pediment,  ihat,  in  the  Parliament  of  Siotland, 

*  the  King  hath  not  a  Negative  Voice,  but  muft 
*'  pals  all  tlic  Laws  agveed  on  by  the  Lords  and 
"  *  Of  iliis  I  can  beft  refolve  you  ;  for  I  am  the 

*  eldeft  Parliameni-Man  in  Scoihnd^  and  have  lai 
'  in  more  Parluments,  tlian  any  of   my  Prede- 

*  -ceflbrs.  1  can  afllire  you,  that  ihe  Form  of  Par- 
'  tidmenl  there  is  nothing;  inclined  lo  Popularity. 

*  Abopr  a  iwemy  JJays,  *  r  fudi  a  Time,  before 

*  the  Parlinment,  Procla[n:^lion  is  made  through- 
'  out  the  Kingdom,  to  deliver  in  to  i he  King's 

*  Clerk  of  Rt-giAer  (whom  you  hetc  call  ihc  Maf- 
'  ter  of  the  RollsJ  all  Bills  to  be  cxlubiied  that 
'  Seflion,  before  a  Cfitatn  Day.  Then  are  they 
'  brought  unto  the  King,  and  pcrufcd.   and  con- 

*  fidered  by  him  ;  and  only  inch,  as  I  allow  of.  are 
'  put  into  the  Chancellor's  Hands,  to  be  propoun- 

*  dcd  to  the  Parliament,  and  n<!neoihers:  And  if 

*  any  Man  in  PariMmeni  (peak  of  any  uihcr  Mat* 
'  ter,  than  is  in  this  F*-irm  lirrt  .illowed  by  me  ; 

*  the  Chancellor  tells  him,  thore  is  no  fUch  Bill  al- 
'  )owed  by  the  King.' 

'  Bcildcfi,  when  they  have  pailrd  them  for  Laws, 

*  they  ^re  prefc.tijd  unto  me.  and,  with  my  Seep- 
'  ter  put  into  my  Hand  oy  ihc  Chancellor,  I  muft 
^  fay.  I  ratify  and  approve  all  I  hinffs  done  in  this 
'  prefeni  Parliament :  And  if  there  be  any  Thing, 
'  that  1  diilike,  they  raie  il  out  before.  If  this 
'  may  be  called  aNegaiive  Voice,  then  I  have  one, 
'  I  am  lure,  in  that  Parliament.' 

•  The  laft  impediment  is  the  French  Liberties  ; 
'  which  are  thought  lo  great,  as,  except  ihR  Scats 
forlflke  Frana,  England  cannot  be  united   u> 

'  If  the  5fff;;r/^  Nation  would  be  fo  unwilling 
to  leave  them,  as  is  laid,  it  woliU  not  lie  in  their 
Hands  i  for  ihe League  wns  never  made  between 
the  People,  as  is  milhkcu,  but  beiwixc  the  Prin- 
ces only,  and  their  Crowns.  The  Beginning 
was  by   a  MelTage  from  a  King  of    Frau(4 

Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     503 

'  (Cbariemagnfy  I  take  it ;  but  I  cannot  certainly  ail  5.  Jimet  I, 
'  remember)  unto  a  King  of  Scotland^  for  a  League       x^> 

*  Defenfive  and  Offenfivc,'  between  us  and  them, 

*  againft  England  ;  France  being  at  that  Time  in 

*  Wars  with  England.     The  like,  at  that  Time, 

*  was  then  defired  by  England  againft  Ftanct  \ 

*  whoalfo  fent  their  Amba0adors  to  Sectland.-^ 

*  At  the  firft,  the  Difputation  was  long  maintain- 

*  edio  Favour  of  England  i  that  they  being  our 

*  Deareft  Neighbours,  joined  in  one  Continentt 
'  and  a  ftrong  and  powerful  Natbn,  it  was  more 

*  fit,  for  the  Weal  and  Security  of  the  State  of 

*  Stetland,  to  be  in  League  and  Amity  with  them, 

*  than  with  a  Country,  though  never  fo  ftrong, 

*  yet  divided  by  Sea  from  us  s  efpecially  England 

*  lying  betwixt  us  and  them,  where  we  mi^t  be 

*  lure  of  a  fudden  Mifchief,  but  behooved  to  abide 

*  the  Hazard  of  Wind  and  Weather,  and  other 

*  Accidents,  that  might  hinder  our  Relief.     But 

*  after,  when  the  contrary  Part  of  the  Argument 

*  was  maintained ;  wherein  Allegation  was  made, 
'  that  England  ever  fought  to  conquer  Scotland, 
'  and  therefore,  in  r^rd  of  their  pretended  Intereft 

*  in  the  Kingdom,  would  never  keep  any  found 

*  Amity  with  them,  longer  than  they  faw  their 

*  Advantage  t    whereas  France^  lying   more    re- 

*  mote,  and  claiming  no  Iniereft  in  the  Kingdom, 

*  would  therefore  be  found  a  mcreconftant  Friend  ; 

*  it  was  unhappily  concluded  in  Favour  of  the  laft 

*  Party ;   through   which  Occafion,  Scotland  got 

*  many  Mifchiefs  after.     And  it  b,  by  the  very 

*  Tenor  thereof,  ordered  to  be  renewed  and  con- 

*  firqied,  from  King  to  King,  fucceffively  ; 
'  which  accordingly  waseverperformMby  theMe- 

*  diation  of  their  Ambafladors,  and  therefore  mere- 

*  ly  perfonal ;  and  lo  was  it  renewed  in  the  Queen 

*  my  Moiher's  Time,  only  between   the  two 

*  Kings,  and  not  by  Aflent  of  Parliament,   or 

*  Convention  of  three  Eftaies,  which  it  could 

*  never  have  wanted,  if  it  had  been  a  League  be* 

*  tween  the  Peoplr.     And  in  my  Time,  when  it 

*  qtine  to  be  ratified,  becaufe  it  appeared  to  be  in 

*  ^diuni 

204     TheTarliamentary  History 

An.  S*  J^w  '•  ' 
1607.        t 

odium  tertiiy  it  was  by  me  left  unrenewed  or 
*■  confirmed*  as  a  Thing  incompatible  10  my  Per- 
^  fon,  in  Confidendoii  ofmy  Title  to  this  Crown. 
'  Some  Priviledges  indeed,  in  the  Merchants  F,i- 

*  vour,  for  Point  of  Commerce,  were  renewed 
'  and  confirmed  in  my  Time  ;  wherein,  for  my 
'  Pare  of  ir,  there  was  fcarcc  three  Counlellois 

*  more  than  my  Secretary,  to  whofe  Placeit  bc- 

*  longed,  that  mcJled  in  thai  Matter,  h  is  true, 
*_thai  it  behooved  ro  be  cntcrincd  (as  they  call  it) 
'in  the  Court  ofPurhameiitoi'Pd^/i;  buithatonly 
•Serves  for  Publication,  and  notiogiveii  Auihori- 

*  ly  ;  that  Parlwmcni,  as  you  know,  bemgbut  a 
'  judi;.i<il  Sf:ar  of  JuJges  anJ  Lawyers*  and  nofliing 

*  agreeing  with  the  Definition  or  Office  of  our 

*  Parliaments  in  this  iflc  And  therefore,  that 
'  any  Fruiis  orPiivileges,  poflcflcil  by  the  League 
^  wiih  Frame,  is  able  now  to  remain  inSiotland^ 
^  is  inipoflible  i   fur  ye  may   be  fure,   that  the 

*  French  King  ftays  only  upon  the  Sight  of  the 
'  Enoingof  this  Union,   to  ctit  it  off  h;mfelf : 

*  Otherwife,  when  ihia  great  Work  were  ;it  an 

*  End,  I  would  be  faced,  for  the  general  Care  I 
*.  owe  to  all  my  Suhjeifts,  to  crave  o(  Framf  like 

*  Priviieges  to  theiii  all,  as  ScHhitid  already  en- 

*  joys  -y  icetng  the  perfonal  Fricndlhip  remains  as 

*  great  bttwten  ui,  »s  between  Ottr  Progenitors, 
'  and  all  my  Subjects  muft  be  alike  dear  unio  me  % 

*  which  cither  he  will  never  grant,  and  ib  all  wiH 
'  fall  to  the  Ground  ;  or  elfe  it  will  turn  to  the 

*  Benefit  of  ihe  whole  IJIand:  And'fo  the  Stot'- 

*  tijb  Privileges  cannot   hold   longer,    than  my 

*  League  with  France  hfteth,* 

'  And  for  another  Argument,  to  prove,  thai 

*  this  League  is  only  bf  iween  the  Kin^,  and  not 

*  between  the  People  ;  they,  which  have  Pcn- 
f  lions,  or  are  privy  Iniellige  nee -givers  in  Fratife^ 
'  v/ithout  my  Leave,  are  in  no  bct:er  Cafe  by  ibc 
'  Law  of  Scotland,  than  tho'  PenGoners  to  Spain* 

'  As  for  the  Smt'ijh  Guard  in  Frana^  the  Be- 

*  gluing  thereof  was,  when  an  Earl  of  Boghan  (b) 

'  Was 

(W  Sic  Orig. 5J«*rf  Buclujj, 

(y    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       aoj 

*  was  &nt  in  Aid  of  the  Prenct^  with  ren  thoufandAn.  5.  >■»«  i. 

*  Men ;  and  there  being  made  Conftable,  and  ha-       '*^' 

*  ving  obtained  a  Viftory,  was  murthcred,  with 

*  ihc  moft  of  the  S«/?yft  Army.     In  Rccompence 

*  whereof,  and  for  a  future  Security  to  the  Scot' 
'  tifi  Nation,  the  Scott'Jb  Guard  was  ordained  to 

*  have  the  Privilege  and  Prerogative,  before  all 

*  other  Guards,  in  guarding  the  King's  Perfon/ 

'  And  as  for  the  laft  Point  of  this  Subdivifion, 
'  concerning  the  Gain,  that  England  may  make 
'  by  this  Union ;  I  think  no  wife,  nor  honell  Man 

*  wfll  aflc  any  fuch  Quellion.     For  who  is  fo  ig- 

*  norant,   tint  doth  not  know,  rhe  Gain  will  be 

*  great  ?  Do  you  not  gain  by  the  Union  of  IVclei? 
'  And  is  not  Scotland  ^rezter  xhsin  ff^dUs  f  Shall 
'  not  your  Dominions  be  increafed,  or  Lands, 

*  Stas,  and  Pcrfons,  added  to  your  Greamels  f 
'  And  are  not  your  Lands  and  Seas  adjoining  ? 

*  F<Nr  who  can  fet  down  the  Limits  of  the  fiorders, 

*  but  as  a  mathematical  Line  or  Idea  f  Then  will 
'  that  Back-door  be  ihut,  and  thoie  Ports  oi  Janus 

*  be  for  ever  clofed :  You  jhall  have  thofe,  that 

*  were  your  Enemies  to  moleft  you,  a  fure  Back 
'  to  defend  you  ;  their  Bodies  {hall  be  your  Aids, 
'and  they  muft  be  Partners  in  all  your  Quarrels. 
'  Two  Snow-balls  put  together,  make  one  the 
'greater;  two  Houfesjoin*d,  make  one  the  larger  j 

*  two  Caftle-walls,  made  in  one,  makes  one  as 
'  thick  and  ftrong  as  both.     And  do  you  not  lee, 

*  m  the  Low  Countries,  how  available  the  EngStflt 
'  and  the  Scottijh  are,  being  jdned  together  \  This 

*  is  a  Pcnnt  fo  plain,  as  no  Man,  that  hath  Wit 

*  or  Honefty,  but  muft  acknowledge  it  feelingly.' 

*  And  where  it  is  objeded,  that  the  Scottijbmett 
'  are  not  tied  to  the  Service  of  the  King  in  the  Wars, 
'  above  forty  Days;  it  is  an  ignorant  Miftaking  : 

*  For  the  Truth  is,  that,  in  rcfpeft  the  Kings  of 

*  Seotland  did  not  fo  abound  in  Treafure  and  Mo- 
'  ney,  to  take  up  an  Army  under  Pay,  as  the  Kings 
'  of  England  did ;  therefore  was  the  Scettijb  Army 

*  wont  to  be  raifed  only  by  Proclamation,  upon 

*  the  Peoalty  of  their  Breach  of  Allegiance ;  fo 

•  as 

2o5    IItb  Parliamentary  HisTOKr 

Ab.  5- jtaieii.'  as  ibey  were  all  forced  to  come  to  the  War, 
«fo7^       *  like  Sna'ils,  who  carry  their  Houfc  about  with 

*  them  j  every  Nobleman  and  Gentleman  bring- 
'  ing  with  them  their  Tent3»  Money,  Provifion 
'  for  their  Houfe,  Vi^luals  of  al!  Sorts,  and  all 

*  other  Neccffaries,  the  King  fupplying  them  of 
'  nothing :  Neceflity  thereupon  enforcing  a  Wam- 
'  ing  to  be  given,  by  the  Proclamation,  of  the 

*  Space  of  their  Attendance,  without  which,  they 

*  could  not  make   their  Provifion  accordingly   ; 

*  efpccially  as  long  as  they  were  within  the  Boundj 
'  of  Scaland^  where  it  was  not  lawful  for  them  to 
*:  hclpthemfelves  by  theSpoi!  or  Wafting  the  Coun- 

*  try.  Bui  neither  is  there  any  Law,  prefcribing 
'  precifcly  fuch  a  certain  Number  of  Days  ^ 
'  nor  yet  is  it  without  the  Limits  of  the  King's 

*  Power,  to  keep  them  together  as  many  more 

*  Days  as  he  lift ;   to  renew  his  Proclamations, 

*  from  Time  to  Time,  fome  reafonable  Number 

*  of  Days  before  the  Expiring  of  the  former;  they 

*  being  ever  bound  to  (erve  and  wait  upon  him, 

*  though  it  were  an  hundreih  Year,  if  need 
*_  were.' 

'  Now,  to  conclude  i  I  am  glad  of  this  Oc- 
'  cafion,  that  I  might  Libtrare   Animam   meam. 

*  You  are  now  to  recede:  When  you  meet  again, 

*  remember,  I  pray  you,  the  Truth  and  Sincerity 
'  of  my  Meaning;   which,  in  fecking  Union,  is 

*  only  to  advance  the  Greatnefs  of  your  Empire 
'  feated  here  in  England  ;  and  yet  with  fuch  Cau- 

*  tion  I  wifh  it,  as  may  ftand  with  the  VVea!  of 

*  both  Stales.     What  is  now  defired,  haih  oft  be- 

*  fore  been  foughr,  when  it  could  not  be  obtained ; 
'  to  refufe  it  now  then,  were  double  Iniquity. 

*  Strengthen  your  own  Felicity.     LotJan  mull  be 

*  the  Seat  of  your  King,  and  Scotland  joined  to 
'  this  Kingiiom  by  a  ii;olden  Coiiqueft,  btitcemen- 

*  ted  with  Love,  as  I  (aid  before;  which,  within, 

*  will  make  you  ftrong  againft  all  civil  and  intef- 

*  tine  Rebellion ;  as,  without,  we  will  be  cora- 

*  pafled   and  guarded  with   our  Walls  of  Bra&. 

*  Judge  me  charitably,  fincc  in  this  I  fcek  your 

'  equal 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       ao; 

equal  Good  ;    that  (o  both   of  you  might   be  An,  5.  jamu  ]. 

made  tearful  to  your  Enemies,  powerful  in  your-       1607. 

ftlvcs,  and   available   to  your  Friends.     Study 

therefore>  hereafter,  to  make  a  good  Conclufion  ; 

avoid  all  Delays;  cut  off  all  vain  Qucllions  ( 

that  your  Kin^^  may  have  his  lawful  Defire, 

and  be  not  difgraced  in  his  juft  Ends  5  and,  for 

your  Security  in  Aich  rcafonable  Points  of  Re- 

ftriclions,  whereupon  I  am   to  agree,  ye  need 

never  doubt  ot  my  Inclination  :    For  I  will  not 

fay  any  Thing,  which  I  will  not  promife  ;  nor 

protnife  any  Thing,  which  I  will  not  fwear  } 

what  I  fwear,   I  will  fign  ;   and  what  I  Hgn,  I 

itall,  with  God's  Grace,  ever  perform.' 

When  ihc  Commona  were  returned  to  their  THe  PirliinKni 
Houfe,  the  Speaker  fignified  his  Majcfty*s  Pleafure  "^J'"'™''*. 
that  they  fliould  adjourn  to  the  20th  of  Jpri^,  on 
account  of  the  £fl/?^- Holidays. 

During  this  Intcrmifiion,  the  King's  laft  Speech  They  meet  *- 
had  been  mifrepre/enied  by  ibmc  of  the  Hearers,  »*.'"  »  "^.  ^^ 
which  obliged  him  to  fend  for  both  thcHoufesfc^J  D^ubTw 
again,  on  the  2d  of  May^  to  clear  up  thofe  Points  hu  /omwc 
lo  them  which   admitted  of  a  double  Meaning. ^P"*"^* 
Accordingly,  the  King  delivered  himfelf  in  thefe 

K"  is  the 
Tow  his 
ope,  it 

My  Lordi^  snd  you  Gentlemen  of  the  Lower  H&ufe 
of  Parliament : 

the  chiefeft  Comfort  of  the  Sower,  to 
lis  Seed  in  good  Ground,  where  there 
may  yield  Fruit.  Since  I  laft  fpake 
unto  you,  1  have  heard,  by  common  Report, 
with  what  Applaufe  and  good  Liking  my  Speech 
bath  been  received,  and  digefted  t  I  hope  you 
continue  in  the  fame  Liking  ftill  ;  and  I  wifh, 
my  Hope  may  not  be  deceived  ;  that  my  Seed 
hath  not  fallen  into  ftony,  or  Cindy  Hearts  i 
whereby  wh^t  I  fpake  may  be  miftaken,  and 
prove  barren,  by  prc-conceivcd  Opinions;  the 
Growth  be  choaked,  forgotten,  or  carried  away 
by  the  Fowls  of  the  Air,  or  prevcrtcJ  contrary 

'  10 

2o8     Thenar liamentary  History 

Aa.5.  jtmct  L*  to  my  Meaning.    For  my  Part,  I  can  find  no 

1607.        <  Symptoms  or  Signs   in  the  Lower  Houfe,  by 

*  which  ]  may  misjudge  them,  but  that  they  will 

*  proceed  in  the  fame  Courfe  of  particular  Prepa- 

*  ration,  that  ihey  began  in :  As  for  the  Upper 

*  Houfe,  there  hath  been  no  Word  fpoken  of  the 

*  Matter  fince  your  !aft  Meeting.  X  comenot  now 
'  therefore  toperfuade  that,  which  is  already  begun 
'  (having  no  Doubt  in  either  of  your  Inclinations) 
'  but  to  facilitate,  and  make  the  Way   fair   for 

*  your  going  on.  I  fhall  do  but  the  Part  of  a 
'  good  Gardener,  to  prune,  and  drefs,  and  take 

*  away  the  Weeds  and  Brambles,  that  may  hinder 

*  the  fprtnging  and  budding  of  this  good  Plant. 

*  And  becaufc  there  are,  and  may  be,  divers  Ex- 

*  plications  and  Expofitions  of  my  Speech,  1  was 

*  defirous  to  explain  myfelf  unto  you  ;   for  (as  I 

*  faid   in  my  former  Speech)    Qui  efi  txpVicare^ 

*  cujus  efi  condere.  I  have  not  hindered  ,  c)  any 
'  Speech  ;  for  it  is  not  my  Manner,  neither  have 

*  I  Time  to  do  it  ;  only,  for  Oider-I'ake,  I  will 

*  contain  all  1  have  to  fay,  under  three  Heads; 

*  viz. 

•  I.  To  interpret  mine  own  Meaning  Jn  my 

*  former  Speech.* 
«  II  *•••••    • 

*  III.  To  endeavour  to  fet  before  you  fome 

*  Courfc  of  Proceeding  hereafter.' 
'  I.  Upon  my  Speech  fome  have  builded  Gold 

*  and  Silver  ;  fome.  Hay  and  Slubbk  :  I  muft  be 

*  as  a  Fire  to  confume  and  burn  up  the  Hay  and 

*  Stubble,  and  to  fit't  out  und  prefervc  the  Gold  and 

*  Silver.     I  underftand,  that  fome  hfivc  mrerprcicd 

*  my  Words,  ab  exprefling  a  Defirc  and  Propo- 
'  fition  of  a  pcrfcft  Union.  1  have  not  ftudiod 
'  (as  I  faid)  u>  give  a  ful!  Anfwer  to  fuch  Inter- 
"  prerers ;  but  I  know  you  c?.n  pur  a  Difference 

*  between  wife  Men  and  Fools  :  Fools  handle 

*  Things  cither  w  ith  Subtility,   ot  Ignomnce  ; 

*  wife  Men,  with  Subftance,'  and  foUd  Argu- 
■  ment.* 

•  I 

U)  Sit   Crig. 




O/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      205) 

'  I  projioandcd  ever,   and  fo  I  crave  at  your  ^^^ 
Hinds,  an  abfolute  and  full  Union,  but  not  a       i 
perfect  Uniun  ;  fuch  an  Union,  as  mull  have 
that  Prepamion*  which  is  made :  And,  becaufe  I 
rpake  of  an  abColuic  Union,  la  lay,  or  think,  I 
wifbcd  nothing  in  the  mean  Time,  were  ablurd. 
Bui  It  is  moll  true,  I  ever  wi&*d  fuch  an  Union, 
as  there   might  be  unus  Rex^  unus  Grex^  una 
Lea.    Thele  Men,  that  thus  interpret,  marfc 
ihem  well  ;   and  you  fhall  find,  that  they  pro* 
pound,  and    pray   for  that,  they  would  mofl: 
fhun:  Pro6auSp:ritas(^)i  and  lee,  if  they  give  ■ 
you  not  gilded  Pills;    whether  they  have  not 
A^tl  in  Orfy  Fel  in  Corde.* 
^  Something  mult  be  done,  you  all  confefs ; 
the  Devil  hiinfelf  cannot  deny  it  :  Then  what 
Preparation  can  you  have,  or  wifli,  oibcr  than 
halh  been  ?  This  is  but  as  if  a  Surgeon  fhouM  • 
let  Blood  on  the  contrary  Side,  to  let  out  the 
ill  Humour/ 

'  You  would  have  a  Commifiion,  to  prepare 
for  this  your  perfcft  Union,  when  yourfelvcj 
have,  in  the  Beginning,  propounded  it,  haveen- 
adleJ  it,  that  CommiQioners  of  both  Nations 
fljould  meet  and  treat ;  and  chefe  Commiffioners^ 
of  your  own  Choice,  for  your  Part,  being  met, 
have  deliberately  propour>ded,  have  maturely  di» 
gefted,  and  have  advifedly  brought  forth  fomc- 
thing  in  that  Form,  whereupon  it  is  fit  you 
ihould  proceed  »  and  now,  forlooih.  you  would 
have  aComtTiifTion.  I  will  never  grant  a  Com- 
miffion  :  It  ihall  never  have  my  Confcnt,  or 

•  1  remember  a  Speech  In  Htn.  VIII.  Time,  in 
the  Parliament  Houfc  ;  The  King  propounded 
fomcihing,  which  Canie  into  the  Houl'e;  one  in 
the  Houfe  faid,  That  he  thought  the  King*s 
Meaning  was  good.  To  as  it  were  according  to 
Law;  I  pray  (my  Mafters)  that  I  may  hear  no 
more  of  fuch  foolifh  Diverflons,  and  Avcrfions/ 
Vol.  V.  O  'It 

JjfflCS  1. 


2 1  o    The  Tarllamentary  Hi  stor.  r 

,  5.  Jametl*     «  It  is  merely  idle  and  frivolous,  to  conceive, 
'  ®^*        *  that  any  unperfeft  Union  is  defired,  or  can  be 

*  granted :  It  is  no  more  nnperfedt,  as  now  it  is 

*  projefted,  than  a  Child,  that  is  born  without  a 

*  Beard.    Itis  already  a  perfedl  Union  in  me,  the 

*  Head.    If  yOu  wanted  a  Head,  that  is  me,  your 

*  King  over  you  all ;  or  if  you  were  of  your- 

*  felves  no  Body  ;  then  you  had  Reafon  to  fay,  it 
■  were  unperfeft  ;  but  ft  is  now  perfe)5k  in  my 
'  Title  arid  Defcent,  though  it  be  not  an  accom- 

*  pUfht  arid  full  Union  J  for  that  Time  muft  ripen 
'  and  Work.* 

'  When  a  Child  is  in  the  Mother*s  Womb^ 
'  though  it  hath  all  the  Lineaments  and  Parts  of  a 

*  Body,  yet  it  is  but  ah  Embrio,  and  no  Child  ; 

*  and  (hall  be  born  in  his  due  Time  :  When  it  is 

*  born,  though  it  then  be  a  perfect  'Child,  yet  it  is 

*  no  Man  5  it  muft  gather  Stangth  and  Perfeftion 

*  by  Time :  Even  fo  is  it  in  this  Cafe  of  Union. 
'  The  Union  is  perfeft  in  me  j  that  is,  it  is  an 

*  Union  in  my  Blood  and  Title ,  yet  but  in  Em- 
«  hrione  perfect.    Upon  the  late  Queen's  Death, 

*  the  Child  was  firft  brought  to  Light  (  but  to 
'  make  it  a  perfeft  Man,  to  bring  it  to  an  accom- 

*  plifht  Union,  it  ffluft  have  Time  and  Means  ; 

*  and  if  it  be  not  at  the  firft,  blame  not  mc  i 

*  bin  me  Time  ;  blame  the  Order  of  Nature.* 

'  I  remember,  at  the  Beginning,  when  I  firft  cra- 

*  ved  an  Union,  my  Defire  was  to  have  a  perfeA 

*  Union:  Then  this  whole  Body  drew  back  j  Jaid, 

*  It  could  not  be  difpatched  at  once  ;  it  were  fit 
'  it  were  entered  into  by  little  and  little ;  devifed 

*  all  ReftriiJlions  they  could,    to   tie  it  within 

*  Bounds;  produced  fundry  Precedents  of  the  like  j 
»  as  ******  i  and  when  I  would  have  had 

*  a  more  full  and  liberal  Commiffion,  you  bound- 

*  ed  it  yourfelves.* 

•  But  how^  would  you  have  a  perfeft  Union," 
«  but  by  this  Preparation  ?  By  Bills,  by  Com- 
'  mittee,  by  Argument :  And  yet,  I  fay  (ufin( 

*  our  Saviour's  Words)  Hocfaciu,  aliud  mn  emit* 

*  tite»    Mary !  I  would  noc  have  you  think  on 

*  that 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      311 

*  that  to  be  done  To-day,  that  is  to  be  done  ad.  5.  Jmms  i. 
'  To-morrow,*  2*07. 

*  II.  The  fecond  Part  of  my  Divifion  is,  to 

*  aniwer  Objeflions.' 

*  I.  One  ObJ€i5tion  is,  What  Gain  {hall  wc 

*  have  by  it  ? 

'  I  thought,  I  had  exprefled  it  fufficiently  be- 

*  fore.    But  do  they  alk,  What  Gain  ?  Is  it  not 
'  Gain,  to  add  a  Nation  to  this  ;   to  make  it  one 

*  great  and  glorious  Empire ;  to  have  that  Peo- 
'  I<!e  to  join  their  Arms  and  Strength  with  you 

*  upon  all  Occafions ;  to  make  of  half  a  Land 

*  one  intirc ;  to  add  to  the  Splendor  of  the  King's 
'  Court  i  to  turn  Curfes  into  Bleffings ;  to  turn 

*  filood  and  Rapine  into  Peace  and  Plenty ;  re- 

*  mcmbering  always,  that  you  have  the  Blefling 
'^of  the  Seat  here,  and  that  this  is  the  Center? 

*  But  I  confefs  it  is  good  to  be  fometimes  far 

*  from  the  Prince's  Court :  Proeul  a  Numiney  prg- 

*  tai  a  Fulmine.    But  whether  that  be  fo  here,  or    . 

*  no,  I  appeal  to  be  judged  by  the  Children  a- 

*  bove  fix  Years  old  in  London  :   I  delire,  that 

*  the  Commifiioners  for  thefe  Parts  would  fpeak 

*  ay  they  find  :  I  defire  no  other  Witnefles,  than 

*  thofe,  that  heft  know.  But  if  you  find,  that 
'  my  Refidence  here  doih  Harm,  I  will  make  two 
'  OStn :  One,  I  will  keep  my  Seat  alternatintt 

*  in  the  feveral  Countries ;  I  will  Hay  one  Year  in 

*  &c9tland,  and  another  here,  as  fome  other  Kings 
'  do,  lliat  have  feveral  Kingdoms :  The  other  is, 

*  I  will  keep  my  Court  nearer  Scotlandy  at  Tork  ; 

*  at  fome  Place  thereabouts  ,  fo  as  you  and  Scot- 

*  knd  fliall  be  both  alike  procul  a  Fulmine:  And  I 

*  froteft,  I  will  do  either  of  thefe,  if  you  think 

*  it  for  your  Good ;  and  if  I  (hall  not  fee  this 

*  Union  likely  to  go  forward,  1  will  do  it  how- 

*  ftKver.    Obferve  then  the  wandering  Objetflions 

*  of  thefe  Men ;  confider  of  the  Subftance  of  thefe 

*  Speeches,  whether   they  offer  you    not  gilded 

*  Bib.    I  fear  me,  they  would  neither  be  found 

*  Wife,  nor  honeft,  if  they  be  examined  and 
'ripped up:  For  if  you  mark  it,  they  are  no- 

O  %  '  thinf 

2 1  a    The  'Parliamentary  Hi  stort 

Aa.  5.  j«nM  I. '  thing  but  Iterations  of  my  Speeches,  which  I 
1607,        (  ^Quid  be  ferry  to  hear  retorted  agrinft  me.' 

•  2.  Ohj.  The  fecond  Cbjeftion :  There  can  be 

*  no  Security  for  fuch  Cautions,  as  fiiall  be  agreed 

*  on.     To  this  I  cannot  tell  what  to  anfwer  j 
'  becaufe  neither  I  am  well  verfed  nor  fkilled  in 

*  your  Common-Law,  nor  you  will  give  Credit 

*  to  the  Judges  in  that,  which  they  can   fay  in 

*  this  Point.     But  1  will  bring  it  to  this  Dilcm- 

*  ma  i  either  I  can  give  Security,  or  I  cannot : 
'  If  I  can,  why  do  you  not  yourfelves  enter  into 

*  Confideration  of  it,  and  accept  it  ?    If  I  can- 

*  not,  then  muft  you  leave  all  to  me,  after  the 

*  Parliament,  to    do  what  I  will ;    and  if  any 

*  Thing  light  upon  you,  other  than  you  looked 

*  for,  you  muft  take,  and  bear  that,  which  youV 

*  own  Folly  hath  brought  you  unto,  becaufe  you 

*  did  not  prevent  it  in  Time,  when  it  was  in 

*  your  Hands.* 

'  3.  Ohj,  We  muft  yield  them  now  but  a  little. 
■'  becaufe  we  muft  keep  them  in  Appetite ;  For, 

*  you  fay,  Turpius  ejicitur^  quam  non  admittittir 
«  Hg/pes: 

'  Anjwer,    We  are  not  now  making  Marriages 

*  with  Spain ;  this  is  no  new  Contraft  or  Bargain, 

*  that  requires  precife  Conditions.    Res  nm  eft  iri- 

*  tegra.     The    Union  and  Bargain    is   already 

*  made  j  nothing  now  to  be  thought  on,  or  dealt 
«  in,  but  the  Means*    It  is  an  idle  Thing  now  fo 

*  talk  of  Appetite.    It  is  true,  that  the  Lords 
'  commended  a  perfeft  Union ;  but  I  am  fure 

*  they  ever  had  Relation  to  the  Inftrument,  Atid 

*  to  the  Courfe  that  was  taken,  for  prccceding  by 

*  the  Degrees  therein  propounded  ;  neither  did  I 

*  ever  hear,  before  now,  of  any  Man,  that  ineaDt 

*  other,  than  this  Proceeding  upon  the  firft  lo- 
'  ftrument.' 

*  Now  (hall  I  come  to  fome  other  Obje£Uaiis» 

*  more  piffionate  and  violent,  but  more  idle,  aiid 
'  of  lefs  Weight  than  the  reft.     It  is  affirmed^ 

*  that  the   Taking  away  of  hoftile  Laws  b  '  • 

*  Donative,  a  great  Grace  and  Favour  >  wbeij 

O/"   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      213 

k  is  known,  as  now  they,  ftand,  they  do  pre/SAn.  5.j»meilJ 

*  yourfclvcs,  as  well  as  them  oi Scotland ;  though, 

*  by  the  Union   that  is  already  made,  they  lofc 

*  Ihcir  Force  and  Vigour.     It  is  true,  that  it  is 

*  fitted  to  take  them  away  by  Pailiamcnr,  bccaufe 

*  they  were  cftablifhed  by  Parliament  ;  but  all 
'  that  can  be  /aid,  is  no  more,  than  as  if  you 
'  (hould  fiy,  it  is  fit  to  lake  hoilile  Laws  away, 
'  becaufe  they  are  taken  away.* 

*  It  IS  faid  a!fo,  that  if  you  deal  by  Bills,  tliey 
'  arc  like  to  have  a  cold  Effect  ;  prejudging  the 

*  good  Dirpofition  of  the  whole  Houfe.     1  am 

*  lorry  to  hear  of  fuch  Speeches,  againft  Dury,  at- 

*  -moft  againft  Allegidnce.  I  know  not  theiik 
•^Meaning,  except  they  delight  to  fing  with  the 
^  Owl  upon  the  Bufii,  i^f.     It  is  a  ftrange  and 

*  ominous  Prophecy,  for  which  I  know  no  An- 
fwer,  but  that  I  fliall  pray,  that  fuch  Swallows 
"bring  but  one  oummtr  with  ihem.  U  Is  no 
'  larvcl,  if  Men   of    that  Coat    have  neither 

lopes  nor  Fears  from  me;   and  fiar  I  fhall  be 
Twell  advifed,  what  I  do  with  them.     1  Itjokcd 

*  for  no  fuch  Fruits  at  your  Hinds ;  fuch  perfonal 

*  Difcourles,  and  Speeches  ;  which,  of  all  othefj 

*  1  looked  you   fhould  avoid,  as  not  befeeming 

*  the   Gravity   of  your  AiTembly,      I  am  your 

*  King  :  I  am  placed  to  govern  you,  and  (hall 
*■  anfwer  for  your  Errors  :  I  am  a  Man  of  Flefh 

*  and  Blood,  and  have  my  Paflions  and  AfFedtion?, 
'  as  other  Men  :   I  pray  you,  do  not  too  fnr  move 

*  nic  to  do  that,  which  my  Power  may  tempt 

*  me  unto.' 
'  Now  for  the  Courfc  I  would  have  you  hold, 

*  (he  third  Part  of  my  Divifion  ;  let  it  be  my 
'  Advice,  that  you  do  all  Things  with  Reverence  i 

*  with  Love;  that  it  may  feem,  you  have  Duty, 

*  Rcfpedt,  and  Care  to  pleafe  him,  that  will,  by 
'  all  his  bcft  Endeavours,  feck  to  give  you  Con- 
'  lentrncnt.  That  Speech  of  '*  Love  me  JUtle, 
'*  and  love  mc  long,"  was  a  damned  Speech;  for 
'  Love  and  Affection  muft  be  ardent,  lettled  upon 

*  goad  Grounds,  not  removable.    Men  die.  Men 
O  3  '  s^'ow 

214    The  Tartfamentary  H  i  s  to  rt 

.  5.  >nei  I.  *  grow  cold  i  but'daily  incrwfe,  efpccially  in  Bre- 
1607.       *  threo,  in  two  Dugs  of  one  Breaft,  in  Children 
'  towards  their  Parents.' 

*  I  would  wifii  you  to  proceed  with  Order,  and 
'  with  Diligence,  and  above  all,  with  Love  to  your 
'  Sovereign  :  I  fay,  with  the  more  Diligence  ; 

*  bccaufc  now  thcSickrcl3  increafing,  the  Heat  of 

*  the  Year»  yea  your  own  H.iy-harveft,  do  pcr- 
'  fuade  you  to  nuke   hafte  into   the  Country. 

*  Make  no  more  Doobrs,  than  is  needful  ;  wliere- 

*  ever  a  Thins  is  made  doubtful,    there  norhingj- 

*  will  ever  come  to  Perfection.     If  any  Doubts 
^  do  arife,  make  me  acquainted  with  them  \    poui;  , 
'  them  into  my  Bofom  ;  I'Will  drive  to  give  yottl 

*  Satisfailion  :  If  I  cannot  anfwer,  or  fatisfy  them, 

*  let  the  Blame  reft  upon  me.     And,  to  conclude, 

*  I  defire,  that  your  Travels  may  be  fuch,  as  you 

*  may  procure  Strangers  to  reverence  us,  our  Ene- 

*  mjes,   to  fear  us,  our  Friends  to  be  glad,  our 
'  Subje^s  10  rejoice  with  you  and  me  ;  that  the 

*  World  may  lee,  there  is  an  Union  Ili,U  in  woik- 

*  ing  and  proceeding  :  That  you  beware  of  all 

*  fanatical  Spirits,  all  extraardinary,   and  colour- 

*  able  Speeches  ;  that  there   be  no  Diftradliors, 

*  nor  Diftempera,  among  you  j    that   you  bieed* 
'  not  Contempt  to  the  great  Work  To  wd!  begun, 

*  and  Difcouragement  to  othera,  thit  with  v;eil  ; 

*  that  you  Eempt  not  the  Patience  of  your  Prince  ; 

*  and  finally,  that,  wish  all  Speed,  you  proceed 
'  with  as  much  as  can  be  done  at  this  Time,  and 

*  make  not  all  you  have  done,  fruftraie-* 

A^  pds'd. 

By  whnt  hath  been  given  of  this  AfTur,  hotli 
in  the  former  Proceedings  of  the  Lords,  and  the 
later  Accoun;  of  the  Debate  in  the  Houfc  of  Cctn- 
mons,  It  may  well  Teem  that  the  whole  Time  of  tliia 
Seflion  was  lakLU  up  in  the  Buhnefs  of  L>/7cm.  But 
there  were  alfo  ibmc  filutary  Liw<  emcled,  be- 
iides,  the  A£t  for  abcHJhltig  nil  HLjHliilei^  he. 
belore  mentioned.  Our  Siaiute-Eooks  only  give 
us  thirteen  ;  whereas  ihc  Catalogue,  in  the  Lofds 
"Journals^  mention  the  Titles  of  above  fixty,  pub- 

ENGLAND.      215 

lick  and  private  Bills,  which   were  brought  into  A"-  s-^"*"  '• 
bothHoufcslhisScifion;  half  of  whicb,a[leaft,  we        '^' 

may  well  fuppofc,  were  pafied  into  Lsws. 

Having  been  already  (o  panicular  in  our  Account 
of  the  Uniotti  we  {hall  be  lefs  circumftantui  in 
other  Affairs  >  and,  only,  mention  one  tcmarkaMe 
A&  regarding  the  Trade  of  the  Nation ;  and  >k  hich 
fccms  10  tally  with  fome  Circumftanccs  much 
nearer  our  own  Time. 

There  was  a  Bill  brought  into  Parliament  this 
Seflion,  which  was  entitled,  yfn  AB  to  explain  tffl- 
ctbtTy  made  tb9lcfl  SeJJiQJi  lif  iris  Par Jiiirtiint,  called, 
^n  An  to  enable  all  kis  Mnjeflfi  kv  ng  Sufje/^a  of 
England  and  Wales,  to  trade  fyeely  latif  the  Demi- 
tjims  of  Spain,  Portugal,  am  Fiance,  Thts  was 
padcd  into  a  Law  and  may  be  fccn  -n  the  printed 
Statutes  ^r).  But  we  find,  by  the  yffw.w'j,  ihat 
ihe  firft  mentioned  Nation  Vk'3.ii  not  th- n  in  iuih 
Itrift  Amity  with  us  to  lufFer  a  free  rr-ade.     For, 

On  the  i6th  Day  of  Alay  there  w.ts  a  Meflag:« 
fcnt  from  the  Lower  Houfe  to  the  Lords,  by  Sir  ^"3^*jj*  - 
Edwin  Sandyi  and  others  m  this  LfftJt:  *  th  i  Jfc'"-i.n*oftiiB 
a  Pe:iiion,   dircifled  to  his  Majefty  <tnd  the  HighSpamtdsi 
Ccun  o(  P  rl'arnent,  had  brcn  cxhibiti.d  tr-  tlicm, 
by  fevcral  Murch.iniS  ot  this  Re-jlm,  cou^plaimng, 
grievoufly,  of  m^ny  intolerable  Wrongs  and  In- 
juries that  had  t-ieen  offertd  them,   by  tLe  Subje<fits 
of  Spain-,  in  all  Partb  Abroad  where  they  trade.  . 

As  well  in  taking  and  unjuftly  detaining  of 
their  Goods,  as  in  bereaving  them  of  their  Liber- 
ties; and  in  the  cruel  Ufage  of  divers  of  them; 
either  by  cofnmittirt;  (hem  to  the  G;i!lies,  or  by 
other  Tortures.'  That  iheLower  Houlc  had  taken 
ihc  faid  Complaint  to  Heart,  and  examined  the 
fame,  as  far  as  they  could,  not  being  able  to  take 
Examination  of  the  adverfe  Parties,  bsing  of  a 
foreign  Nation.  Nevcrlhclefs,  they  find  tihat  the 
Particulars  of  the  faid  Compl.iint,  being  twenty  in 
Number,  at  the  Icart,  arc  for  the  moft  Part  very 
juft;  infomuch,  that  tberebv  they  conceive  that  a 
Difhoiiour  is  ofTca-d  to  his  Majcfty,  Wrong  to  his 

■A  Confercfirc 
jft-ith  Che  Lsfdi. 

2 1 6    The  Tarliamenfar^Iisrof^ 

An.  5.  TamejI.Subjefls,  and  Difreputation  to  the  whole  Stale, 
'^'  That  thereupon,  they  having  entcreil  into  Confi- 
dcration  of  Redrefs,  Iiave  thought  fit,  ir  regard 
the  Matter  concernclh  a  foreign  Nation,  that  is  in 
Amity  with  his  Majtrty  and  ihis  Slate  (J),  to  for- 
bear to  proceed  therein,  any  oiherwife  than  by  Pe- 
Upoa  which  the  ^ition  to  his  Majefty.  And  they  earncftly  dcJire 
COTmom  defire their  Lotdfliips  will  be  pleafed  to  join  with  them 
'^  in  this  Petition;   And,  ibat  for  their  better  Infor- 

mation therein,  they  will  allow  of  a  Conference, 
at  fuch  Time  and  Place  as  their  Lordthips  (hall 
think  fit  to  appoint.  Jn/wer.  That  becaufe  the 
Lords  do  find  the  Matter  to  be  of  fo  gre^t  Weight, 
both  in  regard  to  Form  and  SublUnce,  they  will 
take  fome  Time  to  confider  of  it  maturely,  and 
fend  them  a  fuller  Anfwer  as  foon  as  ihey  can. 
Bjt,  it  was  not  till  the  8ih  of  Jun.^,  that  the 
Lords  fent  to  acquaint  ihc  Camrnons  that  they 
had  conlidered  of  the  Cafe,  and  deiired  ro  fee  the 
Petition  which  the  Merchants  prefciucd  to  them  ; 
and  ih.n  then  ihey  would  return  further  Anfwer 
touching  the  Conference' 

ThePciiiion,  which  is  printed  at  length  in  the 
"J&urnali  of  the  Gjmmons,  wx%  ftnt,  according 
To  Defire,  with  certain  Reafons  and  Articles  an- 
nexed to  it.  Importing,  That  they  thought  ii 
needlefs  to  fend  the  Petition  before,  hecaufe,  as  ic 
was  infcribed  to  the  King*sMoft  Excellent  Majefly, 
the  Lords  Spiritual  and  Temporal,  and  to  the  reft 
of  the  Honourable  Court  of  Parliament,  they  ima- 
gined the  like  had  been  prefentcd  to  iheir  Lordfhips. 
In  tl)e  Petition  they  obferved  two  Points;  i.  A 
Complaint.  2.  A  Diredlion  for  Remedy.  That 
they  had  only  examined  the  Proofs  of  the  Com- 
plainants, not  having  Power  to  convene  before 
them  the  Perlbns  complained  of.  And,  in  their 
Judgments,  fo  far  as  they  could  examine,  the  Com- 
plamt  was  jult,  the  Grievances  great,  and  the  Re- 
medy neceflary.  For  the  fecond  Point,  tliey  liad 
not  entertained  .my  P^jrpofe  to  meddle  with  that  j 
jjeing  more  pr^.pcr  for  his  Majtfty's  WiWom  anj 


W  Peace  had  been  proclaim' •!  with  Z^in,  5th  Jhigup  1604* 



0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      117 

Clemency,  whofe  Subje£l«v  were  all  under  his  Pro-  ^^'  S*  i«n«  I^ 
tedion;  therefore  Ihey  leave  it  wholly  lo  him,        '^*^''' 
and  do  now,  only,  renew  their  former  Rcqueft 
tjwt  Petition  may  be  made  to  his  Majcfty  for  lome 
fuch  Means  of  Redrefs,   as,  in  his  princely  Wif- 

dom,  ihall  be  thought  fit-- But,  we  are  not 

told  by  the  Jotimsh  whether  the  Lords  joined  with 
the  Commons  in  fuch  a  Petition  j  nor  is  there  one 
Word  of  this  Matter  mentioned  in  any  of  our 
Hiftorians,  by  which  wc  may  learn  whether  thefe 
Grievances  were  redrcfitd,  or  not. 

July  ^\h,  itfo8,  the  Parliament  was  prorogued,   . 
by  Commiffion,   to  the  lOth  of  Februaty  follow-  ^J^^""^ 
ing;  and  from  that  Time,  by  four  other  Proroga- 
tions to  the  9th  of  February^    1609. 

It  is  remarkable  that  there  was  no  Supply  either 
aflced  or  gianied,  in  this  lailSefTion  of  Parliament. 
And,  indeed,  what  was  hitherto  given,  fince  this 
King's  AccefTion,  bears  no  Proportion  10  the  heavy 
Taxes,  laid  on  the  Subjetl,  at  the  fatter  End  of 
the  laft Reign.  fP^ilfsn  iniinuates  here,  'That  the 
King  would  not  ftrain  the  Blood  of  the  Subject  by 
the  ordinary  Way,  left  the  Senfe  of  it  fhould  bring 
more  Fears  and  Paintings  with  it:  But,  that  by 
laying  on  little  Burdens,  at  firfl,  he  was  only 
inuring  them  to  bear  greater,  which  were  preparing 
for  them,  in  the  enfuing  SefTton  of  Parliament. 

In  this  Interval  died  Ihjmns  Sativi/e,  Ear!  of 
Dorfet,  Lord  High  Treafurcr  of  England ;  and  was 
fucceeded  in  that  great  Poft,  by  Robert  Cecil,  Earl 
of  Saliibury  (/),  younger  Son  of  the  late  Lord 
Treafurer  Burkigh. 

The  next  Sellion,  of  what  was  ftlll  the  firft 
Parliament  of  this  King,  continued  folong;  and  ^"*  7*  J-""" '• 
(he  Proceedings  of  it  are  fo  much  to  the  Purport  AtWc^iinfier 
of  thefe  Enquiries,  that  the  Reader  will  not  blame 
us  for  haftening  to  them  as  foon  as  poflible.  Efpe- 
Cially,  fincc  there  was  nothing  material  that  hap- 

(/)  So  crcsteiJ,  4th  May,  3  Jac  I,  witli  Precedency  of  his  el- 
its  Broiher  Tfrw«J»,  wi^o  wu  the  fimc  Diy  cfeaKil  Earl  of  £xrui . 
He  vni$  one  iti  the  .Sccrckario  ot'  Sute^  imi  a  Irjkfitng  Member  in 
the  Hoafc  of  C.  nunont  in  >he  lattct  £ad  of  the  Atigu  uf  t^eci^ 
ftlizaittb. Sec  Vol.  IV, 

ai8    77-w?  Tarliamentary  Histort 

An.  7.  Janiei  I.  penM  in  ifac  Interval,  but  the  Arrival  of  the  King 
1609,  of  Denmark  in  England^  whore  Reception  and 
inngniHcent  Enicrcainment  here,  is  amply  related 
by  our  larger  Hiftorians.  The  firft  Day  of  ihis 
Seflion  viz.  February  9th,  opened  with  nothing 
material,  but  the  Introdutflion  of  Robert^  no«r 
Earl  of  Dorfct^  to  take  his  Seat  in  the  Houfe  of. 
Lords,  in  the  rooai  of  hia  deceafed  Father.  From 
*  which  Day,  being  Friday^  the  Lord  Chancellor 

adjourned  the  Houie  to  ilie  IVedmfday  following. 

The  Earl  of  Si-  ^"  "^V-  ^"^^  ^^  ^^^^  ^^  Sij/islrury,  Lowl 
Kflwy  Uys  be-  Treafurer '  of  England^  in  a  fet  Speech  to  the 
fo«  the  pMiia-  Lords,  which  he  divided  inro  two  Parts,  took  oc* 
;^^5i*„^'''«''carion  to  infgrm  their  LordOiips,  '  Firft,  by  man| 
king  a  particular  Relation  of  the  State  his  Majcftj 
was  reduced  to,  both  in  refpedt  to  his  prefent  Debts 
and  oihei  Occafions  of  Expence;  and  fome  neccf- 
lary  Means  to  be  confidercd  of  for  a  prefent  Supply 
fur  his  Wants,  and  Support  of  his  Royal  State  in 
'I'ime  to  come  ;  which  Caufcs  he  affirmed  were 
the  chief  Reafun  for  calling  this  Sellion  of  Par- 
liament. Next,  concerning  the  Prince,  who, 
though  already  Duke  of  Cortiwa!  hy  natural  De- 
fcent,  yet  was  to  be  created  Prmcc  of  Waits  and 
Earl  of  CbsHcr.  For  the  firft  again,  concerning  the 
Staieofthe  King's  Debts,  ^^.  hisLoidfliipexpIaincd 
ky  many  fubrtaniial  Arguments,  Rcafons,  and  Pre- 
cedents, according;  to  the  Knowkige  he  had  gained, 
as  proper  to  his  Place  of  Trcafurcr;  and  other  Ob- 
fervations.  Laftly,  he  made  a  Motion  that  a  Mef- 
fagc  might  be  fenc  for  this  Furpofc  10  the  Lower 
Houfe,    for  a  friendly  Conference  thereupon.* 

This  Motion  was  agreed  to,  and  a  McJlage  to  the 
Commons  was  {tm  the  fame  Day,  importing, 
AConferrace  *  That  becaufc  fome  Things  of  extraordinary  Na- 
fborrron,  x]^xc  Were  the  Occafion  of  calling  this  Meeting, 
their  Lordfhips  were  defirous  the  Commons  fhould 
be  acquainted  with  them,  fince  without  their  Con- 
currence nothing  could  be  done.  That  they 
thought  it  ncccliarjr  to  treat  of  thefe  Matters,  at 
firft,  whereby  their  Lordfhips  hoped  this  would 
prove  a  Parliament  Qf  CoiHbla  ticn.  Thcreforc,they 


O/^   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      ai^ 

defired  a  Conference,  for  Confideration  to  be  had  An,  7,  jao^t  J. 
of  fomc  neceflary  Supplies  to  be  granted  to  his  Ma-       1609. 
jefty,  for  his  prefent  Occafiono.     And,   further, 
lignified  that  their  Lordfhips  will  join  with  them, 
for  Retribution  to  his  Majefty,  as  (hall  be  judged 
moft  fit  and  rcafonable.' 

The  Commons  readily  accepted  of  this  Propo- 
fel ;  and  a  Conference,  with  Time  and  Place,  was 
agreed  on  between  Commiltees  of  both  Houfes. 
And  the  Lords  ordered,  that  the  Lord  Treafurer 
fhould  deliver  theSubftance  of  what  he  had,  this 
Day,  opened  to  them  at  the  Committee. 

It  is  not  clear,  by  the  Jmrnaii,  what  was  faid 
or  done  at  the  firft  Conference.  There  is  a  long 
Account  of  it  cnicicd  in  thofe  of  the  Commons, 
in  the  Reports  made  by  the  SoMicitor- General, 
Sit  Francis  Bacon,  but  the  Items  of  them  are  lb 
fhort  as  not  to  bear  a  Connedtion.  Efpecially  in 
that  of  the  Public  Debts  and  Difburfements,  which 
are  fo  intricate  as  not  to  be  undcrftood  at  all.  Wc 
ihiW  content  ourfelves  therefore  in  giving  fome 
Acciium  of  it  from  (f^il/m,  who  tells  us,  '  That 
the  Plea  the  Courtiers  made  Ufe  of,  to  gain  a  Supply, 
was  to  urge  the  King's  NecefTuies;  which  they  laid 
proceeded  from  his  great  Difburfements.  That  the 
Three  hundred  and  fifty  thoufand  Pounds  due  for 
Subfidiei  in  the  late  Qiieen's  Time,  he  received 
■with  one  Hand  and  paid  away  for  her  Debts  with 
the  other;  redeeming  the  Crown-Lands  which 
fhc  had  mortgaged  to  the  City.  That  he  had 
kept  an  Army  of  19,000  Men  on  Foot  in  Ireland, 
for  fomc  Time,  wherein  a  great  Number  of  the  ' 
Nobility  were  Commanders,  and  other  deferving 
Soldiers,  who  would  have  been  expofed  to  Want 
and  Penury  if  not  liapplied :  For  it  was  not  fafc  for 
the  King  to  iruft  the  inveterate  Malice  of  a  new- 
reconciled  Enemy,  without  Sword  in  Hand. 
The  late  Queen's  Funt  ral  Charges  were  reckoned 
up,  which  they  hOi>ed  the  Parliament  would  not 
repine  at.  The  King  md  Queen,  and  the  Royal 
Family's  Reiinues  and  Expt  .-ces  were  enUrged  in 
PrpporUon  to  tiicii'  Nuaibcra,  and  the  Dignity  of  an 



210    T7}€  Tarliamcntary  History 

1.7.  lawei  I.  **"'^*'^  Crown.     The  late  magnificent  Entertain- 
ifioj.        mentof  the  King  of  Denmark^  for  the  Credit  of 

ihe  Nation:  Befides  the  EmbaiHidors  from  foreign 
Princes,  more  than  ever  this  Crown  received,  muft 
find  tbofe  Entertainments  and  Gratuities,  which 
arc  neceflary,  and  are  the  concurrent  and  mutual 
Civilities  between  Princes  (x).' 

Thefe  and  many  other  Arguments,  fummed 
up  by  this  Writer,  were  made  Ufe  of ;  but  yet  we 
find  by  the  Jcurnahy  that  the  Commons  were  not 
over  hafty  in  granting  a  Supply.  On  the  21ft  of 
February  they  fent  a  Mellage  to  the  Lords,  rc- 
quell:ng another  Conference  with  their  Committee, 
about  the  Matter  of  Csntribution  and  Retribution^ 
moved  at  the  laft  Conference,  which  was  agreed  to. 
And,  on  the  26th,  the  Lord  Treafurer  made  a 
Report  to  the  Houfe  of  what  had  paffld  in  this  laft 
Conference.  Wherein  he  particularly  took  Notice 
of  a  Motion,  propofed  by  the  Cummitlee  of  the 
The  Commons  Other  Houlc,  '  Thai  his  Majefty  mi^^ht  be  made 
Pfopof»lreI«inB  acquainted,  by  fome  of  their  Lordihips,  that  it 
^-^"?^  ""*  ^3^  ^^^  Defire  of  the  Commons,  that  feme  Courfe 
might  be  talcen  concerning IVardJhibi  and  Ttnurei* 
Which  being  debated  among  the  Lords,  they  agreed 
that  a  feleft  Number  of  their  Houfe  (hould  be 
chofen  to  acquaint  the  King  with  the  Commons 

On  the  laft  Day  of  February^  there  was  a  long 
Debaic  in  the  Houfe  of  Ccf/imoris^  on  the  two  Bu- 
fmeffcs  of  Support  and  Supply ;  the  Heads  of  which 
are  given  in  their  Joumah;  but  are  again  too  in- 
tricate to  unravel.  We  Ihall  therefore  chiefly  fol- 
low the  Journah  of  the  Lifrdi^  and  only  give  fome 
remarkable  Hints  from  ihofe  of  iheC^w/unj,  as 
Ibey  fall  in  our  Way;  one  Inflince  of  which  is 
cow  before  a?. 

On  the  l^ky  beforcmentioned,  the  Refult  of 
Dirifion  OB  thcthc  Debate,  un  the  Supp^y^  was  a  Divilion  of  the 
Supply*  Houfe  on  the  Qucftion,  Whether  itfliould  be  put 

off"  for  that  Time  or  net  ?  It  waS  rarrieJ  to  lit  ftill, 
only  by  160  againit  148.     It  was  then  moved  to 

{x)  m^M  b  Kamti,  Vol,  II.  p.  6S V 



Of    ENGLAND.       221 

fay»  '  That  they  were  willing  Co  relieve  the  King's  ^^j,  Uainh 
Wants  chearfuUy  -,  Time  enough  for  Retribution  i6og. 
afterwards.  That  the  Supply  mighi  be  poftponed, 
but  to  fupport  irameduiely.  To  inlcnd»  was 
mental  Purpofe  ;  to  give  a  plain  open  EngBjh 
Anfwer,  that  we  propofe  to  give  fomewhai.*  On 
ihe  whole,  a  Refoluiion  was  taken,  on  a  Meflagc 
from  the  Lords,  to  fend  an  Anfwer  to  this  Pur- 
pofe; *  That  they  would  think  of  the  Supply  in 
due  Time,  and  doubted  not  but  togive  hisMajefty 
good  Satisfa«£tion-  For  the  Matter  of  annua!  isup- 
porl,  in  Lieu  of  IVard/hlps  and  Tenum^  when 
ihey  (hall  hear  from  their  Lordfhips  about  them, 
they  will  be  ready  to  join  with  them  in  Conference.* 

Thefe  IVardpApi  and  Tenures^  and  fome  other 
Grievances  to  the  Subject,  which  will  appear  in 
the  Sequel,  were  the  Obftacles  that  kept  back  the 
Supply }  and,  'till  they  were  laiisfied  in  ihofe 
Points,  the  Commons  feemed  lo  be  in  no  Humour 
to  grant  any.  The  King's  Kai'ourites  now  began 
to  be  looked  upon  wilh  an  evil  Eye  by  thcPeopIe; 
and  he  waslbprofufein  hisPrefents  and  Gratuities 
10  them,  that  fnme  did  mn  rtick  to  fav,  openly, 
That  tbe  whole  IVe^ltb  of  England  xomld  not  firvi 
the  King's  vaji  Bau/ity.-—^^  But  now  a  fmall  Di- 
greffion  on  another  Subjcft. 

The  Lords  Journals  tell  us,  that  on  the  27  th  of 
February^  tbe  Commons  Cent  a  MelTaec  to  the  Lords 
to  acquaint  them,  *  That  they  had  t.ikcn  Notice  The  Commiun 
of  a  Book,   lately  pubjifht;d  by  one  Dr.  C^ttW,  complain  of  Dr, 
which  they   conceived  does  contain   MaUeis   of  f^*^**'*  ^^^ 
Scandal  and  Oflcnce  towards  the  High  Court  of  v!l: "fhe*prMl 
Parliament ;  and  is  otherways  of  dangerous  Con*  gitive  Roy>i, 
iequence  and  lix'^mptc.     l"hat  being ddirous  there 
fhould  be  a  joint  Examination  of   the  offenfive 
Conlenls  of  the  laid  Buok,  and  (omeCourIc  taken 
for  the  Punifhment  of  tbe  Pcrfon  who  publifhed 
the  feme ;  they  therefore  defire  their  Lordfliips  to 
appoint  a  Conference  for  that  Purpofe/ 

The  Lords  returned  a  very  civil  Anfwer  to  this 
Meflagc;  'That  ihey  were  willing  to  join  with 
them  in  any  Caufc  proper  to  mainwiin  the  Honour 


lia     7he  Parliamentary  Histort 

An.  ^.  Iboih  I.  of  that  High  Court,  and  to  chcrifii  a  mutual  Cor- 
"*°9-  rcfpondence  between  both  Houfes,  which  together 
make  the  Body  of  the  Parfiameni,  whereof  his 
Majefty  is  the  Head.  They  therefore  appointed 
Time  and  Place  for  a  Conference,  not  only  on 
the  Complaint,  but  to  go  again  on  the  Topic  of 
a  Supply.* 

IVilfm  informs  us,  *  That  the  Book,  here  men- 
tioned, which  had  given  Offence,  wrote  by 
Dr,  Cswtii  a  Civilian,  was  to  prove  the  Excel- 
lence of  the  Civil  Law  in  Comparifon  of  the  Com- 
mon Law  of  Engknd.  That  the  King  had  let 
fall  fome  Expreffions  at  his  Table,  in  Derogation 
of  the  latier,  and  highly  extolling  the  Civil  Law 
before  U.  At  the  fame  Time,  declaring  his  Appro- 
bation of  a  Book,  Uiely  writ  by  Dr.  Cowei  on  that 
Subject.  This,  fays  our  Author,  nettled  the  great 
Lawyers  muchj  and  had  not  fome  of  them  been 
railed  fo  high,  that  they  could  not,  with  their 
Court-Gags,  look  downwards,  it  had  bred  an  open 
Contell.  However,  adds  he,  tho*  they  did  not  ftir 
in  it  [hcmfelvcs,  we  may  fuppole  ihey,  underhand, 
ftirred  up  thi.  Profecutionagainft  the  Civilian^  for 
fear,  that  if  his  Scheme  fhould  lake  Place,  they 
fliould  have  their  Lefl'ons  to  learn  over  again  (y). 

The  King  feeming  much  inclin'd  ro  thcfc/ffrei^n 
Notions,  and  fomewhat  tinged  with  the  Love  of 
Arbitrary  GovErnmeni,it  Is  no  Wonder  thatani?//^- 
li/^j  Parhament  began  to  think  of  clipping  his  Wings 
inTime  :  But  hiiherioeveryThJng  was  conducted 
with  the  greaieft  Decency  heiween  them. 

February  the  aSth,  the  Lord  Treafurcr  inform'd 
the  Lords  of  the  King's  Anfwer  to  the  Mclfage 
fcnttohitn,  at  the  Dclire  of  the  Commons,  relat- 
ing to  lemtrti  and  Wardjhipi.  *  That  his  Majefty 
leferveth  to  himfelf.  lanquam  Res  Integra^  the  Power 
of  AffirmiUivC:  or  Negative,  to  grant  it ;  as  on  fur- 
ther Dehhcrationr  he  fliall  fee  Caufe.'  Hereupon,  it 
was  niovjd  bv  the  Earl  of  Nottha^apton,  Lord 
Privy  Seal,  'That  In  regard  the  Matter  was  of 
great  Importance,  Refpiie  might  be  taken  for  im- 

(y)  »7//wt  ia  Ktnnet,  Vol.  U.  p.  68l. 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       aaj 

rting  bis  Majefty's  fiiid  Anfwer  to  the  I-ower^^  k^^,  , 
oufc,  till  To-morrow,  on  their  next  Meeting  i  *  1609. 
hen  fome  fit  Courfe  mi^hl  be  coniidcrcd  of  for 
at  Purpofe.  This  Motion  being  IcconJcii  by  ihir 
ord  Chancellor,  it  was  agreed  that  no  Aiirwcr 
ould  be  returned  10  the  Commons  *till  the  next 
ay.  Ac  which  Time  the  Lords  were  interrupted 
301  confidermg  of  the  AfBir,  by  another  Mcffi^-ic 
Mil  the  Commons,  importing,  That  they  dclircd 
eirLrrdihips  to  apix};m  a  Meeting  of  the  Com- 
ittees  of  both  Hcufes,  to  receive  their  Anfwer 
uchiDg  the  Matter  of  Support  and  Supply.  The 
ords,  with  much  Complailancc,  appointed  1'wu 
at  Aftemoon  for  the  Purpofe. 
Wc  find  that  the  Lord?  did  not  acquaint  thi 
ommons  with  the  King's  Anfwer,  even  at  this 
ionference ;  it  was  too  ticSclifh  a  Poir.t  before  thfty 
we  fnrc  of  the  Supply.  AnrJ,  i:  may  be  fupp^jfcd 
or  fome  Satiaficl-on  hid  been  then  gr/sn  to  the 
oida  about  tin"  A5i:r  ;  for  the  vtr/  next  F>ay  a 
USkS^  was  idc;  fn-'n  :hem  to  'he  C-jmrnon-!,  io 

•  Ttac  wn«rss3  '.he  H'.^.:e  r,:'  Commr.r.s,  Sy  a 
fr£ge  cr  !a:s  :e' '  fT->m  -hern,  had  m^vs-'i  their 
ATKhipa  cha:  his  Mrel*/  rr.iit.:  vt  rrAf.f:  vr.^Sir.c- 
%t  St SitEfi  or  "-j:".*  Hv-ie.  *!  1  'ho  fje;:'*  r-f 'hi^ 
ffii  CccnrfinH,  ">-r.".ir.-z  'i'-^i  M^t^er  or  TiKur;; 
^DUenJiiczd:  Ji  Trf^jr^:  -;-.e:r  I-r^r'il-.ii^s  harf 
Q^K:aizc  his  I'Cri^it'  ::".i»ri^  ;h,  5.-.1'.  .'»r..^v*.'i  ?.;3 
Is^ar-  Acn  -r,cc»;T  r.ii  -^^r  the  T  rr.e.  \}zrAT.:f:A 
iai  Ar'ffacci:-  xr.c;r-.i-'i  TJr.  Cn;;';  .-ir.r.'f-  r.ay 

b^iipa,  ^ic  ie:::"t  '!".a;  'i'.is  ":< '  ■*<.'..-. ',r\~ 
Bifv  ir*'*  .Tir  ict;*  ';;&:«  .^;r*j.iir..'  V '-.p, '>*.';•, - 
aces  rssiie^t,  T'la:  I'.iv  -tr.':"*:^  .".i^r-  1  .•■.r v'.vAy. 
tf^ntni^  ^py"'  .-ffihcri;-!!' »  ir.i'  *•  ■,i.,ct  -.*•.  ■■stV/  v, 
oesxiL  iiEC  icr'-ca  \z  ti'.e  Tnic   inij   /';«r.»,  »!> 

^mirniiie  -.r  t     TOni     viienr.'.    ;]f!    *..l!'ir.r    ititurA^ 

224    ^^  'Parliamentary  Histort 

A0.7.  jjmcsi.      '•  '^hat  the  King  was  fo}i4tm  a  Legibus,  and 
1609.       net  bound  by  his  Coronation  Oaih. 

2.  Thai  it  was  not,   £x  Neajfusle^    that  the 

Dr  Cowtl's  ob-^'^S  ^ould  Call  a  Pdrliament  to  ijukc  Laws,  but 

ooxiout  Pofi-    might  do  it  by  his  abjolute  Pcwrr  ;    for  Voluntas 

tioiu.  Rigis  was  Lex  Pcpuli, 

%.  That  it  was  a  Favour  to  admit  the  Confent 
of  his  Subje^St  m  giving  of  Subfid'us. 

There  was  alfo  another  Book,  compliined  of 
by  the  Comriions,  wrote  by  one  Dr.  Bkckwsod^ 
about  this  Time,  which  concluded,  '  That  we  are 
all  Slaves  by  rcafoii  of  the  Conqucft  {z). 

March  the  3d,  the  Lord  Chancellor  reported  to 
the  Houfc  of  Lurds  the  Subftance  of  what  was  deli- 
vered, by  the  Committee  of  the  Lower  Houfcj  at 
Ycfterday*sConfercnce.  on  the  Points  of  Supply  and 
Support.  '  That  the  Commons  had  exprefled  a  ten- 
der Feeling  towards  his  Majefty's  Wants,  and  a  due 
Regard  to  rehcvethcm.  But  they  could  not  con- 
ceive, as  ihey  affirmed,  how  it  could  be  done  in 
any  other  Way  than  by  Subfidy,  Which  being  pro- 
per :o  be  firft  moved  in  the  Houi'e  of  Commons,  they 
will  confiderof  a  fit  Refolution  and  proceed  therein 
in  due  Time.  That,  as  to  the  other  Point  of 
Support,  they  hold  this  Matter  to  be  moft  confider- 
abic,  and  therefore  proper  for  the  Lords ;  of  which 
ihcy  expeifl  to  be  informed  from  them  at  their 

Then  the  Lord  Privy  Seal  declared  to  the  Houfe 
what  had  palled  in  the  Conference  relating  to 
Dr.  C^wd'-i  Buok.  '  That  the  Attorney-Gcncial, 
in  delivering  the  Senfe  o\  the  Lower  Houfe,  did 
very  modedly  anJ  difcreetly  lay  open  the  Offence 
taken  againfl  the  Party,  and  ihe  dangerous  Confc- 
quence  of  the  Book/  Afterwards  the  Biftiop  of 
jLndsf}  (a)  read  the  p.irticul.r  Exceptions  v.  hich  the 
Common?  had  m.idc  to  ir  ;  which  were,  1.  On  the 
Woid  Subjidy  \  2.  On  the  Word  King  i  5.  On  the 
Word  par  a  :r;ef/t ;  4.  On  the  Word  Prerogative. 
On  all  which  Words  the  faid  Dr.  Cond  had  fo  un- 


(3i)  P(tyt*t  MifcflK  Perl.  p.  6%. 
(a)  CttrgtAUnt, 



Of    ENGLAND.       125 

'^advifedly  enlarged  liimfelf,  as  the  Commons  appre- An  -.  hneir. 
hended  that  the  fame  lAas  very  ofFeiifive,  und  of       I'eoj. 
dangerous  Conlequcnce. 

On  this  Repon,  the  Lords  took  a  liule  Time  to 
confider,  and  then  thought  proper  to  fend  a  Meffage 
to  I  he  other  Houle,  So  dcfue  another  Conference 
about  this  Book,  and  in  the  me^n  Time  ordered 
their  Clerk  lo  leefc  Precedents  of  that  Kind,  and 
faithfully  to  acquaint  the  Houfe  therewith.     The 
next  Day, the  Lord  Treafurer  inform'd  the  Lords, The  Proftcyrion 
*  That  his  Majefty  had  taken  Notice  of  this  Mat-  "^  ^''  jj^";^^' 
^her  ;  and  had  lately  perufcd  the  Phices  in  the  Book^rng's  inter! 
^■0  which  Exceptions  were  taken.     That  he  hadyarition- 
^Kalled   the  laid  Cows!  before  him,  and  heard  his 
^^nfwets  thereunto  ;  and,  having  duly  confidered 
,      of  the  Errors  committed  by  the  Author,  in  thai 
Behalf,  WaS  gradoufly  plealed  to  deliver  his  Judg- 
ment and  Refolution  to  the  Lords,  to  be  by  ihem 
communicated  to  the  Commiltee  of  the  Commons.* 
^H     We  arc  not  told  by  the  Joumtih  what  this  Refo- 
^Hution  was;  but  it  may  be  luppoCed  to  liniOi  the 
^^Bufinefs,  for  there  is  no  more  Mention  made  of  it. 

Grievances  of  ami:ch  higher  Nature  now  embir- Proceeding  in 
■       raffed  iheThoughtsof  both  King,  Lords  and  Com  "'»"""/»  ^e- 
mons ;  which  were  that  of  Icnuresy  and  Depemgncy 
%n  Tifiures,  already  fpoken  of,  and  other  Branches 
,       of  the  Prerogative  which  will  fall  in  the  Sequel. 

Some  Conferences  had  already  psfled,  between 
the  two  Houfes,  when  the  Aifliir  of  Cowel's  Book 
I       was  on  the  Carpet,  about  "tenures.     And,  Manh 
the  10th,  the  Lord  Privy  Seal  made  a  Report  to 
'       the  Lords  of  what  had  been  done  at  the  laft  Con- 
ference.   His  Lordfhip  observed,  '  That  the  Com- 
mittee of  the  Commons  infilled  chiefly   on  three 
particular  Points,   in  the  Debate,  on  which  the 
Matter  of  Tenures  depended-     Thefe  Points  were 
Hsnour^-Cenfdetiie  and  IJtihty  \  to  the  bft  of  thefe 
ihey  faid.  That  fmce  his  Majefty,outof  the  Great- 
'        ncfs  of  his  Mind,  had  been  pleafed  10  fct  it  afidc; 
fo  they,  in  their  Duties,  would  urge  it  no  further 
than  othfrwife  it  fhould  be  meet.     And  it  would 
,        be  mofl  proper  to  treat  of  that  when  the  other  two 
H      Vou  V.  P  of 

2z6    TheTarl'tamentary  Histort 

An.  7-  Jamci  I.  *^' 



Honsur  and  CanfiUnce  {hould  be  difcufled. 
Thefe  hft  two  they  confeHled  were  of  much 
Weight;  rpeaking  in  moft  reverend  and  lender 
Manner  of  his  Majetly*s  Honour  ;  and  Iikewilc 
affirming,  ihat  it  was  far  from  them  to  put  any 
Thing  into  the  clear  Spring  of  his  Con/denu, 
Therefore  their  Conclufion  was,  Thathts  K^ajelty 
might  be  addrefled  by  their  Lordfhips  to  accelerate 
his  Anf^t'er  concerning  this  Matter  of  Tenures^  as 
foon  as  conveniently  he  might;  yet  fubmttting 
ihemfelves  wholly  to  his  gracious  Pleafure.' 

Upon  hearing  this  Report,  the  Lords  agreed  to 
addrefs  his  Majelly,  as  ihe  Commons  deJired  ;  a 
Committee  was  ordered  for  thatPurpofe  ;  and  the 
Lord  Privy  Seal  enjoined  to  deliver  the  Contents 
of  It  to  the  King,  and  bring  back  his  Miijcfty'a 

March  the  isth,  the  aforefaid  great  Officer 
very  amply  reported  to  the  Houfe  the  Anfwer  his 
Majefty  was  pleafed  to  give  to  the  Committee  ap- 
pcinted  to  addrefs  him,  on  :he  Requeft  of  the 
Commons,  aboui  Tenuui,  Iffc.  And  faid,  that 
his  M.ijtity,  ftridlly  obferving  every  Point  thereof, 
was  pleafed  to  give  his  .Xnfwer  in  Effect  following. 

*  That  altho*  he  took  good  Notice  of  the  Di- 

*  ftintlion  of  Time,  when  the  Matter  was  firft 

*  moved  and  the  prefent }  and  that  there  are  infi- 
'  niie  AtFairs  as  well  of  State  as  others  of  Parlia- 

*  mcn^  which  keep  ihem  ftill  in  Exerctfe-     Yet, 

*  in  refpe£l  of  the  Humility,  dutiful  Carriage, 
'  Difcrctiin  and  Judgment  of  the  Lower  Houfe, 
'  Oiewed  in  this  Matter;  of  the  Wiidom  of  the 
'  Lords  in  moving  it;  and,  laftly,  the  Seafon  of 

*  the  Year  ;  his  Majefty  had  thought  of  thofc 
'  Paniculais»  and  was  pleated  that  ihey  fhoutd 
'  ireat  of  the  Biifinefs;  and  chat  the  Lower  Houfe 
'  fliDuld  have  i'pecdy  Notice  of  his  Pleafure  there- 
'  in.     Furthermore,  his  Majelly'mcntJoned  fome 

other   Bunnei*;  in  Hand   this  Parliament;  and 

firft,  of  Grievances^  which  he  declared  himfelf 

'  to  be  fo  willing  efFe<^lually  to  redrefs,  that  ahho* 

he  doubted  not  the  good  JDjfpoiJtion  of  his  Pofte- 



D  provide,   -tm  ij  tneyf^^,^  7.  j^,  j^ 
Jbould  have  iViiU  t^O  f^^ay  not  have  Power  again        1609. 
*  to  grieve  ihe  Peopk^ 

This  mod  gracious  Anfwer  being  delivered,  the 
Lord  Chancellor  put  ihe  HouJe  in  Mind  of  the 
Supply  i  which  was  fpoke  of  by  the  Commons  at 
the'laftConference.  And  thi  rcupon  moved,  that 
the  Lower  Houl'c  might  be  made  acquainted  with 
his  Majefty's  Anfwer  about  Tenur^Sy  as  fcon  as  pof- 
fible.  This  was  agreed  to,  and  the  Anfwer  was 
^^elivered  to  the  Commons  that  Afternoon. 
^H  Great  was  the  Joy  which  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
^^BOns  exprcfled  on  this  gracious  Return  to  their 
Requefl  j  which  they  fignified  ro  the  King  by  the 
Mouth  of  iheir  Speaker,  attended  by  ihe  wliole 
Houfe.  The  Houfe  of  Lords  too  did  the  fame  by 
the  Chancellor  ;  but,  we  find  by  ihe  Journals,  that 
he  was  unwilling  to  undenake  the  tmployment, 
ft:  Ore,  and  delired  :o  have  it  in  Writing;  which 
the  Lordj  would  not  confent  to,  but  trufted  to  the 
Chancellor's  Wifdom  and  Undeiftandiing  of  the 
Matter,  to  drefs  it  up  as  he  plcafed. 

And  now  both  Houfes  proceeded  warmSy  in  their 
Conferences  about  Grievances.  On  the  2gth  of 
hdarch^  the  Lord  Treafurcr  reported  to  the  Lords 
»hat  was  done  at  the  laft ;  and  how  far  the  Com- 
mittee of  the  Lower  Houfe  had  proceeded  in  the 
I     Matter  of  tenures,  to  this  Effe<^  : 

'  Firft,  HisLordfhip  obferved  that  Mr.  Recor- 
c?er  of  Lufuhn  declared.  That  Eafe  and  Conveni- 
,  CTice  had  led  the  Commons  to  feek  this  Matter  of 
^enures  and  their  Dependents;  that  Love  and  Loy- 
,  ^Ity  bad  caufed  them  to  take  theCourfe  therein  they 
[«^ad  done;  and  thai  having  now  the  King's  An- 
-'\ver,  which  was  a  Licence  to  treat  of  that  Buli- 
f*~acfs,  they  departed,  joyful  in  their  Hearts,  like 

;^>c  Sons  of  Enmus.- That  this  Maiter  con- 

fxfted  of  four  confiderable  PoinL«:  r.  What  ihey 
J^cfire:  2.  What  they  would  offer:  3.  How  they 
^"^■^'ould  levy  it:  4,  How  ihey  may  have  Security 
r^^r  what  they  feek.     That  of  the  two  M,  they 

Ewi  determined  in  this  Sort;   viz.  Tlvn  Km'shts 
P  a  Servist 

TheTarHameiitary  History 

8.  Jiine)  I.  Service^  generally,  might  be  turned  into/r«  and 
1610,        mnmstt  Soecage.'' 

Next  follows  in  the  'Jmrnnh^  a  long  Account 
of  ihofe  pariicular  Grievances^  relating  to  Tenures^ 
the  Commons  wanted  to  have  redreilcd.  But,  as 
Ihefe  Complaints  and  Icveral  more,  concerning 
the  Prerogative  Royai^  are  all  amply  recapitulated 
at  the  End  of  this  Seflion,  we  fhall  poftpone  them 
till  we  arrive  at  that  Period.  Only,  obferving 
h«re,  that  the  Retribution  the  Commons  offered  to 
>  the  King,  in  Lieu  of  thefe  Perquifites  of  the 
Crown,  was  ioq,oodI.  yearly;  wherein  they  in- 
cluded all  the  E£e  and  Pg^,  which  the  King  ever 
had,  in  the  Matters  aforefaid*  to  be  compounded 

After  the  Lord  Treafurer  had  made  the  forego- 
ing Recital  to  the  Lords,  it  was  Refohed, 

*  That  to  the  End  that  Hoafe  might  betwr  exa- 
mine every  Particular,  fodefired,  and  the  feveral 
Values  of  them;  and  thereupon  confider  of  the 
Offer  made,  in  order  to  be  better  prepared  to  take 
farther  Courfe  of  proceeding  with  the  Lower 
Houfc ;  the  Lords  fhould  go  into  a  Committee  of 

the  whole  Houfe   thereupon.— But,  Eajier 

now  Approaching,  and  the  ParliAmenl  being  there- 
upon adjourned,  it  was  not  till  the  i8th  of  April 
rliat  thrs  Mt^tter  of  Temaes  was  ag'din  refumed  by 
the  U|:per  Houle.  And,  on  a  Motion  ot  the  Lord 
Treafurer,  becnufe  his  Majellty  had  not  Jignified 
his  Pleafure  to  that  Houfe  how  far  he  likes  of 
ihcfe  Proceedings ;  therefore  he  moved  that  a  Com- 
mittee of  Lords  fhould  be  appointed  to  wait  on 
the  King,  and  rounderftand  from  him  whether  he 
fhcl]  be  pleafed  to  approve  of  this  Scheme  of  part- 
ing with  Tenures,  Wf.  ornotf 

A  Ctimmiaee  being  appointed  accordingly,  con- 
fiflinj  of  all  the  jireat  Officers  of  Slate,  ^V.  A^t 
2oth,  after  a  Gall  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  an3~4 
Tevere  Admonition  from  the  Chancellor,  tor  due 
Attendance,  the  Lord  Trcal'urer  reported  his  Ma- 
jefty's  Anfwer,  to  this  Effe<S: 


0/  ENGLAND,     a 


*  He  firft  took  Notice,  That  the  Reafon  of  this 
prefent  Meeting  was  to  deliberate  in  what  Manner 
to  deliver  this  Anfwer  to  the  CommiJiee  of  the 
other  Houfe.     For,  he  faid,  that  the  Bufinefs  to 
I    which  Che  Anfwer  was  made  is  not  ordinary;  net 
a  Grievance,  nor  yet  a  Rcqueft  for  Juftice,  nor 
any  fuch  Matter,  to  which  the  King  may  or  ought 
to  be  urged  to  any  prefent  or  certain   Anfwer. 
But,  that  this  was  a  Suit  for  a  va!u.ib!e  Rccom- 
pence,  to  be  eafed  oi  certain  Payments  and  Bur- 
dens, by  Law  juftly  lying  on  the  Subjtft,  and  of 
which  no  Man  can  juftly*  coniplain.'     The  Mat- 
ter requefted  his  Lorufiiip  remembrcd  to  be  this. 
That  all    Tenures,    hy   Grand   Sergeanty,   Petit 
Sirgeanty,  Knights  Service  in  Capite^  he.  may  be 
turned  into  tree  and  cummon  Soccagei    as  of  a 
L    Manner^  which  he  affirmed    wa?   the  bafeft  and 
f   meaneft  Service;.     Unto  this  Requeft  his  Lurd/hip 
reported   his  Majefty's   Anfwer  to  he.    That  he 

^  Would  upcn  no  Ter.'^i  wkatfsever  part  •with  any 
Branch  of  his  Sovereign  Pre?  ogcfive,  whtreof  the 
■  Tenures  in  Capite,  /rsw  bis  Perjon^  which  is  all 
ene  as  of  his  Crown,  was  no  fmall  Part,  But^ 
touchifig  the  Dependence  upon  Tenures,  /uch  as. 
Marriage,  Wardfhip,  Primier  Seifhn,  Relief,  Re- 
fpefl  of  Homage,  and  the  like,  tvhich  are  only  the 
Burdens  of  Tenures^  {the  Honours  and  lenures  re- 
ferred) his  Majejiy  is  phafed  ivhen  he  Jhall  under" 
Jiand  what  Recofupence  will  he  offered  Jor  them-,  to 
give  further  Anfvjer,  towards  tontra^ing  for  the 
famtj  with  all  convefiie/it  Speed.* 

Upon  this  the  Judges  were  alked  iheir  Opinion, 
I  *  Whe'her  the  Tenure  of  Honour ,  Sec  may  be 
'  rejerved  to  his  Majefty,  and  the  Charge  or  Burden, 
with  other  Things  of  l;ke  Nature,  be  rekafedV 
To  which  they  aniwered,  with  Refervation,  in  the 
Afiirniative.  It  was  ihen  relblved,  *  Thai  the 
IxirdTrrafurcrfliould  deliver  his  Majefty's  Anfwer 
J 10  the  Committee  of  the  Lower  Houfe  ihit  Afier- 
loon  i  and  leave  ihe  Confideration  of  the  Couifc 
^nd  Means  to  their  Wii'dom  and  Condmf^.* 

P  ^  May 

An.  8.  Jimei  I. 


a3o    The  Parliamentary  Histort 

An.  s.  James  I.  A/c?y  _^th,  the  Lord  Treafurer  acquainted  the 
''^  ^'  Houfe,  'That  neither  he,  nor  their  Committee, 
were  at  all  fatisfied  with  the  Proceedings  of  the 
Commons,  in  this  Matter.  That  there  was  no 
Freedom  of  Debate  ufed  in  their  Meetings,  which 
was  the  only  Way  to  come  at  a  good  and  fpeedy 
End.  But,  only  a  written  MelTage  read  unto  them, 
fo  which,  when  any  Thing  was  objefled  by  the 
J^ords,  the  others  were  debarred  from  making  any 
Reply.  That  the  Lords  had  obje6ted  to  the  Com- 
pions,  That  whereas  the  Members  of  that  Houfe 
had  oiFered  to  give  for  the  Matter  of  Wards^  Tt- 
nUres  and  Dependents  thereon^  i  oo,oool.  per  Annum^ 
and  had  received  Anfwer,  That  his  Mdjefty,  as  then 
advifed,  would  not  accept  it;  nor  faw  any  Reafon 
to  depart  from  his  firft  Demand  of  200,oool.  yearly 
Support,  and  6oo,oool.  Supply  :  His  Occafions 
befng  now,  in  all  Appearance,  greater  than  before; 
pfpecially,  as  the  Wardi  were  now  deiired  by  theniy 
which  were  not  fpoken  of  before,  nor  included  ia 
the  King's  Demand.  To  which  the  Commons 
written  Anfwer  was,  That  they  had  fince  entered 
into  a  Re-examination  of  the  Matter,  and  do  find 
no  Reafott  to  alter  their  Offer.  That  their  Purpofe 
was  to  have  laid  the  Burden  on  the  Landed  Men, 
when  it  was  moved  to  them,  that  they  fhould 
think  on  fome  Courfe  to  make  up  the  King's  De- 
mand, ^c.  But,  they  cannot  find  bow  fo  huge 
a  Sum  may  be  levied,  without  grieving  a  Number 
of  his  Majefty's  poorer  Subjedls.  Howbtrit,  in  all 
reafonable  Matters,  they  will  be  willing  to  give  hit 
Majefty  Satisfaftion.  Laftly,  they  acknowledge 
their  great  Obligation  to  him,  for  giving  them 
more  Liberty  to  treat  of  thefe  Matters,  than  ever 
was  granted  to  any  of  their  Predecefibrs;  and 
furiher  than  that  Leave  they  would  not  go.* 

Bii%  In  the  midft  of  thefe  Parliamentary  Pro- 
CCt-diri'^is,  in  England,  an  Accident  hjppen'd  in 
France^  which  did  not  only  greatiy  affe£l  that 
kingdom  but  the  Affair';  of  all  Europe.  This 
^as  ihe  Murder  of  Henry  IV.  King  of  France,  by 
^  detcfmitied  Villain,  in  hi^  Coach ;  in  open  Day- 

(y   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      131 

ght,  and  in  one  of  the  public  Streets  of  Pms.  Ad-  *•  J"™a  '■ 
iir  general  Hiftorians  are  copious  enough  in  de-        '^'°' 
ibing  the  Circumftanccs  of  this  execrable  Affair, 
ith  its  Confequences;  but,  our  Buiinefs  is  only 
find  how  far  an  Englijh  Parliament  was  affefted 
it;  lince  Henry  was  a  ftrong  Ally  of  this  down, 
d  one  great  Bulwark  of  the  Pnteftant  Caufe. 
On  the  8th  Day  of  May^  in  this  Seffion  of  Par- 
ment)  the  Lord  Treafurer,  in  an  eloquent  Speech,^ 
the  Journals  expreft  it,  not  without  feme  fenfible 
iflion,   in  regard  of  the  Matter  which  he  was  to 
liver,  and  of  the  weighty  Confequence  depend- 
g  thereon,  reported  to  the  Houfe: 

•  That  the  French  King,  having  on  Iburfday  ^^^  ^^  ^^_ 
t crowned  his  Queen,  and  on  Friday  havirg  been  fmer  ac^uaiob' 
the  Palace  and  returning  from  thence  to  u,c  the  Lords  with 
wr/j   accompanied  with  three  Nobles,  as  he  fat^i^^'^'^^^n- 
ith  hb  Back  towards  the  End  of  Lhe  Coach,  paf  of^FrLce.'  ^^ 
^  through  a  narrow  Lane,  was,  at  the  turning, 
tin  by  a  bafe  Fellow  with  a  long  Knife  (b).     He 
slared  the  Manner  of  his  Murder,  as  he  had  re- 
aped the  News  of  it,  but  the  Truth  of  Circum- 
ances  he  left  to  further  Intelligence.     His  Lord- 
lip  then  difcourfed  on  the  exceeding  Virtues  and 
'ices  of  the  dead  King ;    and,  that  at  his  Death, 
e  bad  a  great  Army  in  Rcadinefs.     That  he  was 
a  afltired  Friend  to  tlie  King  their  Sovereign,  and 
3  this  Realm  ;  and  an  efpecial  Defence  and  Wall 
etween  the  Reformed  Religion  and  its  Oppolites 
3  Chrifiendom.    He  then  (hewed  them  what  Caufe 
bpy  had  to  fear  many  Inconveniences  by  this  Lofs  j 
nd,  laftly,  he  told  them  the  great  Neceflity,  there 
ras  to  provide  Treafure,  before-hand,  againft  all 

To  this  Declaration  the  Lord  Treafurer  added 
I  Motion,  That  a  Meflage  might  be  fent  to  the 
Lower  Houfe,  which  was  agreed  to,  and  the  Meilage 
iras  to  this  Effedt:  *  That  their  Lordfhips  had  all 
:his  Seffion  found  that  the  Houfe  of  Commons 
x>re  great  Refpeft  to  theirs,  and  defiring,  like- 
wife,  to  keep  up  the  good  Correfpondence  between 

{k}  M*y  3(1,  CutnitK't  Annuls. 

232    The  Tarl'tamentary  History 

f)Sk,%.  J»tn«  I. them;  ss  well  krowing  that  both  Houfes,  though 
^  1610.  fitting  in  fcvcral  Pliices,  yci  make  but  one  Body 
and  ore  great  Council,  have  thought  good  to  ac- 
quaint them  with  an  Accident  of  great  Importance. 
And,  bccaufe  it  was  fomething  rare,  therefore 
iheir  I^ordfhips  dcfired  that  fuch  and  I'o  many  of 
the  Lower  Houle,  ^s  they  ihemfelves  iliall  feledt, 
may  prefent)y  meet  wiih  certain  of  the  Lords,  in 
the  Painted  Chamber.''  Anfwer  was  immediately 
returned  that  the  Commons  would  inftuntly  at- 
tend them. 

Wc  may  reafonably  fuppofe  that  the  Commons 
received  this  News  with  as  much  Confternation  as 
the  Lords;  and  fince  the  Murder  of  the  B-einh 
Which  occafio^King  was  peipcnalcd  by  an  Fnthuliaftic  Romanil}^ 
p«.ru^i  %  it  again  alarmed  the  Engiljh  Parliament  with  Popijb 
|auiftRectfjm«.  Plots,  at  Home;  hcig,hrcn*d  ihcir  Zeal  for  the  Pre- 
fervation  of  iheir  own  Monarch  from  fuch  a  fuddeo 
Fate,  and  pufli'd  them  on  to  petition  the  King  to 
put  in  Force  the  Laws  againft  Papifis  in  England, 
Alay  2 lit.  King  Jamei  feat  .1  MefTage  to  both 
the  Houfes,  to  require  their  Atteiiilance  in  the  Pa- 
lace of  WkitehiiUy  Ai  two  in  the  Afternoon.  The 
"Jmriidh  arc  iilent  as  to  what  the  King  faid  to  ihcm 
at  this  Meeting,  and  as  to  the  Occafion  of  the 
Summons;  nor  are  we  aflilled  by  any  Hiftory  in 
this  Matter.  Ip^ilfov^  indeed,  hath  given  us  a  dref- 
fcd  up  Speech,  which  he  fays  w.:s  delivered  by 
Kirg  Jamti  to  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  at 
Whitehall^  fometime  during  Ihis  Seffion.  But, 
fincc  there  is  not  oi^e  Word  of  the  preceding  great 
Accident,  to  fo  near  an  Ally,  mentioned  in  it,  we 
may  reafonably  conclude,  that  if  it  ever  wa-i  fpokc 
at  all,  it  was  not  at  this  critical  Conjuncture, 
This  Author,  \\  telling  us  ih;U  the  King  oblervM 
fomeDilTen lions  to  ariie  between  the  two  Houfes» 
and  that  they  begr^n  to  run  counter  to  his  Defign?, 
has  m.idc  a  rjck  of  Dng?  of  them  all;  and  has 
conitiiuicd  liic  King  the  Huntfman^   or  rather  the 

Whippir  in  of  ihe  ftragling  Hounds.- ^The 

Puii-ort  of  the  Speech  is  to  cx-ik  the  Prerogative  of 
Iwingly  Power  beyond  the  Skies,  acd  fix  it  next  to 


^jod  himfelf.     To  endeavour  to  extenuate  his  un-  ^_  g,  janics  t 
^;i]3rded  Expreffions,   in  Favour  of  Dr.   Cmvel's     '  i6to, 
^Book;    and  lo  run  a  Panillei  between  the  Excel- 
lence of  the  Civil  Law,'  which  he  calls  Lex  Gen- 
^xum^    and  the  Common  Law  of  Bngkud.     To 
"V  indicate  the  Ugh  Cornm^Jftcn-Caurt^  againft  which 
Ho  Complaint  had  been  yet  exhibited  in  Parlta- 
XEcnt;  and,  laftly,  lo  urge  his  Wants,  occafioned 
by   the  great  Expences  he  had  been  at  iince  his 
Coming  to  the  Crown,  and  to  defire  a  Supply 
from  them  {c).  ■  ■  -     .  But  fince  there  never  was 
a  Report  made  of  any  luch  Speech  in  the  Houfe 
of  Lords,   as  was  then  the  conftant  Cuftom,   we 
may  reafonably  fuppofe  it  an  Invention,   defigned 
to  blacken  the  Memory  of  this  Prince. 

The  Bufinefs  of  Supply*   was  a  Thing,  indeed, 
■which  Ituck  much  with  the  Houfe  of  Commons; 
and  they  fecmed  very  unwilling  to  proceed  in  it, 
till  fome,  or  all  ol  their  Grievances  were  redref- 
fed.     On  the  26th  of  Mcyt  the  Lords  Jourmh  in» 
form  us  that  ihe  Lord  Treafurer,    in  another  elo- 
quent Speech,  took  Occalion  10  put  the  Houfe  in 
Mind  of  the  chief  Motive  for  calling  this  Parlia- 
ment.    Which  he  fald,   befides  the  Celebration  of 
Prince  Henryh  Creation,  was  to  derive  from  the 
Stibjeifl  fomewhai  towards  the  Upholding  the  Stale 
of  this  Monarchy.     In  which,  as  his  Meaning  Was 
Well  underftood,  he  doubted  not  but  every  Man 
would  pur  it  forward.     Heatfo  inform'dihem  that 
the  Nectflity  of  the  Supply  increaftd,    and  much 
Time  wa*;  fpent ;  though,  notwithftanding,  there 
had  noi  been  gained  of  the  Comtnons  fo  much  as 
to  have  a  free  incercourfe  of  Arguments,  bur  only 
McfTages  about  ii.     Wherefore,  his  Lordlhip  mov- 
ed, That  a  fpeedy  Conference  fhould  be  deJired  of 
the  Lowtr  Houfe,  not  with  H  pe.  at  ihis  Time, 
10  gain  what  Is  wifhed,  but  to  oehver  to  them  the 
Convenience  and  Neccflity  of  a  free  Confe- 
rence.   By  which  Courle,  he  conceived,  the  Thing 
might  be  better  iniufcd  and  fprfiad  in  that  Houfe, 


(t)  Wlljon  in  Kenn(X,  Vol.  II.   p.    682. 

154    TheTnrl'samentary  History 

An.  s.  Jama  1.  than  if  it  was  carried  unto  them  by  a  Pcrfon  there- 
i6»o.  onto  appoiiitetJ.  He  further  told  the  Lords  ihat 
he  underftood  many  of  the  Lower  Houfe  w«e 
departed  j  and  an  Injunfhon  wa$  laid  on  the  Re- 
Diarnder  not  to  conclude  any  new  Thing  before 
the  Return  of  the  othere.  Yet,  hisLordfliip  con- 
cfived  there  was  ?  Power  left  wirh  thele  that  re- 
m.iin  to  dehaie  other  Matters;  in  which,  perhaps, 
a  Perfuaficn  njay  be  wrought  to  luch  a  Conference 
as  is  defired.*  : 

After  tbjs»  it  was  refolvcd  that  a  Meflagefhould 
be  fcDt  to  the  Lgwer  Houfe  lo  defire  a  Conference, 
with  tlicir  Committee,  on  Ttttures^  he  and  An- 
fwcf  was  foon  after  returned.  That  the  Commons 
agreed  to  this  Propofal.  The  Chancellor  of  the 
Exchequer,  who  with  others  brought  this  Anfwcr, 
h'kewile,  informed  their  Lorc'fhipa,  '  That  the 
Commons  lud  well  coniidered  of  the  Matter  which 
aid,  at  this  Time,  concern  the  Safety  of  his  Ma- 
jcfty's  Pcrfon;  and  had  iboughr  good  lo  propofe 
unto  them  fome  Things,  in  which  they  defire  their 
Lor<l(hip5  to  join  With  them  in  Petition  to  bis 
Majvrty.'    Kirft, 

'  ThatProcbmalion  be  made  for'hwith.  tliat  all 
Retujantif  before  the  2d  of  Jutie  next,  do  avoid 
iheCiiy ;  and  rcfon  tu  fuch  Places  where  tliey  are 
by  Law  confined ;  and  not  lo  rcm.»in  within  ten 
Miles  of  the  Ciiy  or  Court  without  Licence/ 

'  2.  That  all  Rtcufum  be  diiarmcd,  and  their 
Aims  dif[}ofed  as  the  Law  requircth.' 

'  3-  That  no  Subjedl  do  refort  to  the  Houfe  of 
«y  Embafl'ador  to  hear  Mafs* 
,  *  4.  Th-ii  all  Jffrifs  be  impiifoncd,  and  not 
permitted  to  have  Conference.* 

•  5.  Thai  the  0.ith  of  Allegiance  be  admioi- 
rtred  in  the  Court,  by  the  T/irds  ;md  othcn  of  the 
Council  to  all  thai  ought  to  receive  it>  ondf  in  the 
Country,  by  the  Jufticcs  of  Peace/ 

Aufivtr.  That  the  I,ord8  will  be  ready  tn  jolo 
with  the  Commons,  in  fuch  a  Petition  10  tl#o 
Jwing,  when  (bey  can  tix  upon  a  proper  Method 
to  du  it< 




©/■ENGLAND.      13s 

After  the  Meflengers  were  withdrawn ,  the  Lords  An.  t.  Jsma  I. 
lecnt  into  Confultation  amongft  themfelves,  how  '  «•««• 
beir  Committee  fhould  aft  the  next  Conference 
iwut  the  Supply.  And,  it  was  agreed  that  the 
'.^ord  Trealurer  fhould  open  the  Matter  to  the 
i)mmons ;  and  endeavour  to  fliew  them  the  Dif- 
ference between  a  free  Conference  and  a  dry  Meet- 
Dg,  and  the  Likelihood  of  the  former's  Aicceed- 
ng.  Next,  to  put  them  in  Mind  of  their  firft  Of- 
cr  of  ioo,oool.  per  Annum*  wherein  Purveyance 
vas  included ;  and  if  they  de&ed  to  have  that 
^ven  up  too,  then  they  mull  enlarge  their  Sum. 
!jaftly»  That  though  his  Majefty's  Occafions  are 
Bcreafcd,  fince  his  Demand  of  2oo,oool.  per  An- 
nmr,  yet  he  was  plea  fed  to  abate  thereof,  and 
berefore  to  wifh  the  other  Side  might  advance. 
Df  all  which,  if  they  were  willing  to  debate,  then 
lis  Lordfliip  was  to  ftiew  what  the  King  would  fall 
X),  and  to  deliver  the  Opinion  of  the  Committee 
)f  this  Houfe  which  Way  it  was  to  be  raifed.  AU 
he  Lords  to  have  Liberty  to  fpeak  to  this  Matter 
n  the  Debate,  as  well  as  the  Treafurer. 

May  27th,  the  Lords  prefented  a  Petition,  or 
\ddrefs  to  his  Majefty,  for  the  putting  the  Laws 
n  Execution  againft  Popijh  Recufants^  &c.  And, 
}D  the  30th,  the  Archbifhop  of  Totk  reported  his 
Majefty's  Anfwer  to  it,  That  he  took  very  gra- 
:ioufly  this  Motion  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  in 
regard  to  his  Safety,  as  proceeding  from  their  Du- 
.y  and  Love  i  and  will,  with  all  convenient  Speed, 
Donfider  thereof.  Accordingly,  fome  few  Days 
ifter,  a  Proclamation  came  out,  commanding  all 
Ramijh  Priejisy  Jefuits^  and  SeminarieSy  to  depart 
the  Kingdom  by  the  4th  of  July  next;  and  all 
Riiufints  to  return  Home  to  their  Dwellings,  not 
to  come  wifbin  ten  Miles  of  City  or  Court,  and  to 
jiemain  confined  according  to  the  Statute,  in  that 
Cate  provided  {d). 

On  Saturday  the  zd  of  June^  the  Lord  Chan- 
cellor acquainted  the  Hou:eof  lords,  That  it  was 
hisMdjefty'sPleafure  they  fhould  all  attend  in  their 


i^)  CntiMuatitn  of  J^towe'i  Cifren,  p,  905* 

The  Fortn  «f  the 
Cteation  of  Htn- 
ly  Prince  of 


236     Ihe  Parliamentary  Histort 

8.  janMi.  Rob€5  at  fVkitehalii    in  order  to  be  prefent  at  the 
i6»i        Creation  of  the  Prince  of  iVaki^  which  was  to  be 
ibitinnized  on  Mondijy  tlic  4th  of  June.     The 
Lords  Joitrnais  have  prelervcd  the  Form  of  this 
Creation ;  and,  as  it  is  fomewhat  firigular,  we  fhall 
tranicribe  it  fWhaiim  from  that  Authority. 
'  Die  Luna  ^to  yu/di^   1610. 
Jrcbifpiftspui  Ebor.      Deminus  Elleftnore,  Can- 
Epfc.  London.  isUanm  Anglic. 

Durham.  Comes  S:;rifturicnlis, 

Cutfi  1  b  dliii  Epif-         Cum  U  2  aii'i  Cmitihus^ 
icpii*  Vtio  i  fu:omit!!y 

'-        _       ,  £/  34  Baronihui. 

*  This  Day  the  Chamber,  commonly  called 
IP'hitthaU^  or  the  Court  of  Requefts,  wa3  very 
richly  hung  from  ihe  upper  End  more  than  half 
<iov/n  towards  the  lower  End,  where  was  fet  up  a 
ftrong  Bar  of  Timber  thwart  the  Room.  In  the 
higbcft  Part  of  the  Room  was  placed,  for  his  Ma- 
jclly,  a  fumptuous  Clorh  of  Eftate,  and  of  either 
Side  '-'Catlblds  for  EmbalBdors  of  foreign  Countries. 
On  each  Side  againft  the  Walla  were  ercLkd  Seats, 
one  above  another,  for  Strangers  and  noble  Perfo- 
nagcs,  v\ith  the  Lord  Mayor  and  his  Brethren  in 
the  Midlit.  Upon  Forms  srd  Wool  Sacks  did  fit 
a)]  the  Lords  of  Piidi-tnient,  sud  ihe  Judges  in  (heir 
Robes i  and  likErwife  the  Officers  and  Attendants 
as  on  the  Days  of  fitting  la  Parliament.  Below 
the  Bar  was  placed  the  Speaker's  Chair ;  Forms  on 
the  Ground,  and  Seats  on  each  Side,  one  above 
another,  fit  and  convenient  to  receive  the  whole 
Houle  of  Commons.  His  Majefly  being  fet  under 
bis  Eftftte  (for  whofe  Coming  all  ihe  Lords  in  their 
Robes  arid  Seats,  except  fuch  as  attended  his  Pcr- 
ibn  and  the  Prince,  as  alfo  the  Speaker  and  alt  the 
Lower  Houfe  did  wait  and  attend  rf  the  Prince, 
his  Hghneis,  honourably  attended  by  divers  No- 
bhmen,  ihc  Kni^ihw  of  the  Bnth^  Officers  at 
Arms,  and  his  own  Servants,  entered  in  at  Ihe 
neiher  End  of  the  Houfe,  and  was  with  great  State 
and  Solemnity  brought  up  to  theFooi-Paih  before 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       037 

the  King  9  where,  kneeling  at  the  firft,  and  then  An.  s.  juva  X,' 

flanding>hisHighnel'swa8»  with  all  dueCeremonies,  »6io, 
created  Prince  of  ^aUs  and  Earl  of  Chejier;  and 
a  Patent  thereof  fiifl  read  by  the  Lord  Treafurcr, 
principal  Secretary  of  his  Majefty,  and  afterwards 
delivered  to  him.  Which  done,  and  ali  Ceremo-. 
•  dies  finilh'd  which  thereunto  appertain,  the  Prince, 
his  Highnefs,  in-  great  State  and  Magnificence, 
feme  little  Time  afrcr  the  King's  Majclty,  departed 
the  Court  at  W.udaU* 

Some  few  Days  after  were  allowed  for  Tri- 
umphs, Mafques,    Shews,  Recreations  and  other 
Diverfions  on  this  Occafion  ;  all  which  are  amply 
delcribed  by  the  Continuatar  of  S/eu-c's  Cbrouuky 
and  others-     On  the  ytti  of  June  the  ParUamenr 
met  again,  by  Adjournment ;  and  the  fame  Day 
the  Lord  Chancellor,  in  a  grave  Speech,  declared  to 
the  Houfe  of  Lords,  '  That  ihc  great  Care  which 
their  Lordfhips  and  the  Lower  Houfe  had  for  his 
Majefty's Safely,  had  produced  a  Pniclamation,  that 
contained  a  Claufc  commanding  all  Bilhops,  Jufti- 
cesof  Aflize,  Juftices  of  Peace,  and  alJb  all  others 
of  his  Majefly's  Officers,  whom  it  may  concern, 
10  minifter  the  Oaih  of  Allegiance,  according  to 
the  Laws.     His  Lordfliip  further  told  them,  that, 
according  to  the  Petition  of  the  two  Houfes,  the 
Lords  of  the  Council  had  already  been  fworn  by 
the  King  himfelf,  in  the  Prcfence  of  the  Prince. 
That  the  Lower  Houfe  had  generally  taken  the  fame 
Oath  i    and  that  it  was  the  King's  Pleafure  that 
the  Rcfidue  of  ihe  Lords,  Spiritual  and  Temporal, 
fbould  do  the  like.'     This  was  immecliately  com- 
plied with,  and  atl  the  Lord*  prcfcnt  Were  fworn 
by  fix  of  the  Privy  Council,  and  the  reft  as  they 
came  to  the   Houfe  fame  Days  afier  v    and  the 
Oaths  were  likcwifc  adminiftcei^  to  different  Per- 
fons,  both  Clergy  and  Laity,  all  over  tiie  King- 
dom.    Moreover,  a  Bill  was  brought  in  this  Sef- 
fion,  and  palled  inio  a  Law,  for  adminiftring  the 
Oath  of  Allegiance  to  Wctnen  ;  and  for  the  Refor- 
mation of  married  Women,  being  Rccufitnts  (e). 

(t)  hxu  7.  yjf  1 1.  Capi  6,  Sratutn  at  I^rgr, 

238    The  Tarliamentary  History 

An.  8.  Jam«  I,  But  during  the  Formalitks  of  thefc  Pageants,  is^f. 
1610.  [he  great  Affair  of  redrelfing  Grievances,  and 
granting  Supplies,  was  fufpended  ;  and  the  Sealbn 
of  the  Year  being  now  very  far  advanced,  it  was 
fuppoied  that  neither  of  ihem  would  he  done  this 
Seflion.  The  Lords  had  many  Timts  urged  the 
Commons  to  come  to  a  free  Conference  about 
them,  but  with  no  Succefs ;  but,  June  the  i8th, 
a  Mcllage  was  feni  by  the  Lower  Houfe  to  the 
Lcrds,  importing, 
•  That  they  row  defired  a  free  Conference  with 

J^a^7Z^nz^\l ^^^^^ Lordftiips,  as  loon  as  they  pleafed  10  appoint ; 

TcnMCB,  &c.  and  that  their  Lordfhips  (hould  come  prepared  to 
give  Satisfadlion  to  the  Committee  of  the  other 
Houfe  in  three  Points,  viz, 

1.  'What  more  the  Lords  would  offer  unto  the 
Commons  to  be  confidered  of,  above  the  ten 
Things  already  propoied,  and  above  that  which 
they  of  that  Huufe  have  thought  on  10  be  given  by 
Way  of  Retribution  V 

2.  *  That  the  Lords  would  deliver  unto  them 
the  loweft  Price  of  ihofe  Things  which  they  {hall 
have  to  contra^  for.' 

5.  *  What  Courfe  may  be  taken,  and  what 
Proje£l:s  their  Lordfhips  will  propound,  for  levying 
that  which  {ball  be  given,  otherwife  than  upon 
the  Lands?' 

The  Lords  took  fome  Time  to  confider  of  this 
Mdlage,  becaufe,  as  they  fent  Word  to  the  Com- 
mons, the  King  was  to  be  confjlted  about  it }  and 
they  appointed  a  Commitlee  to  wait  upon  hisMa- 
jefty  accordingly.  l"he  King  was  not  over  hafty  , 
in  giving:  an  Arfwer  to  a  Matier  of  ihatareat, 
Confequetice  ;  and  it  was  not  till  the  z6th  of  yune 
that  the  I^ord  'I'reafurer  reported  his  Majefty's 
AnAver  to  the  Lords  on  the  three  Points  abofe 
given.     To  the  firft  he  f^id, 

I.  *Th3t  he  durit  to  m  put  Confidence  in  the 
Lords  of  the  Coi'imitiee  deputed  by  this  Hoiifc, 
ihiit  he  wt,uld  leave  in  them  an  in>plicit  Truft  to 
ircaL  of  whatever  may  tend  to  the  Good  and  Eafe 



0/    ENGLAND.       agp 

•T  theSubjedt,  withouc  touching  his  Honour,  or  An.  8.  jameiL 
taking  thai  from  )}\in  '.vhich  he  may  not  fpare/  '^"* 

2.  *  To  the  lecond,  his  Majcfty  is  plcafcd  to  fet 
a  Price,  as  is  defired,  but  he  requireih  to  have 
one  Nighfs  Rdpite  more,  tofleepon  it ;  and  this 
Day  he  would  fend  his  Aniwer  and  good  Pleafure, 
in  VVriiingi  before  ilicr  Conference' 

3.  *  To  the  laft  Point,  his  Majefty  leaveth  and 
doth  rcpofc  Trufl  in  ihc  Lords  to  propole,  anf- 
wcr  and  diipuie,  a^  they  ihalL  chiiik  good  and  fee 

To  this  AnfwcT  which  the  Lord  Treafurer  deli- 
vered, the  Lord  Privy  Seal  added,  'That  his  Ma- 
jefty  was  hkcwifepleafed  to  require  the  Lords,  in 
ihis  Conference,  to  confider  that  they  are  ^WP^ers 
and  equal  with  the  Council  j  and  that,  accordingly, 
they  will  have  equal  and  like  Refpefl  and  Care  of 
the  Service*  and  be  Pare!  in  Omrt^  alfo.' 

We  arc  now  left  in  the  Park,  by  the  youniah^ 
in  what  was  further  done  at  thole  Conferences, 
til]  the  igih  Day  of  July ^  when  we  find  a  Msma- 

■  r/fl/ entered,  as  Day,  in  ihefe  Words: 
'  MeniGr andum  ^uod  Die  Martis  10  D/V  Julii,  And  on  Matter 
1610,  in  the  Afternoon,  as  well  the  Lords  Spiri-  "^  Grievance* 
lual  and  Temporal,  as  the  Speaker  and  the  whole  "^  InipofiuoM, 
Houfe  of  Commons,  attended  his  M-jefly,  in  the 
great  Room  or  Chamber,  called  the  Banqueting- 
Houfc  at  ffbiahaH,  the  Prince  and  the  Duke  of 
Tcrk  being  then  alfoprefenti  where,  after  his  Ma- 
jefty  had  vouchfafed,  very  princely,  to  declare,  in 
general,  his  Intent  concernng  fuch  Impolitions, 
as  the  Commons,  by  their  Grievances,  lately  ex- 
hibited unto  him,   had  complained  of.     And  ihe 
Lord  Treafurer  having  likcwife  by  his  Majelty's 
Commandment  and  Dircftion,  opened  more  par- 
ticularly, in  a  long  and  exait  Speech,  the  Nature 
and  Quality  of  ihefe  Impofiiions,  with  the  Caufe  , 

and  Order  of  raifing  the  famci  (which  hie  Lordfhip 
af&med  to  have  been  chiefly  done  before  himfclf 
was  Treafurer,  by  advifed  Courcjl,  firft  taken, 
and  by  divers  Conferences,  firft  had  wi:h  many  of 
the  principal  Merchants  of  all  Companies,  and 


a40    The  'ParHamentary  History 

AB.S^wnesi,  with  ^heir  Aflcnt  and  Allowance,  and  not  to  be 
in  ihal  Kind  bunhenfomc,  as  generally  is  conceiv- 
ed J  His  Majefty  was  then  pleafed,  in  a  fccond 
Speech,  to  remember  that  he  received  from  the 
Commons  their  Grievances  but  on  Saturday 
laft,  fo  as  this  being  Tudday,  there  hath  been 
orlv  two  Days  paft ;  ana  therefore  to  all  their 
Grievances  they  might  not,  at  that  Time,  exi^eft 
Satisfadtion ;  howbeit,  to  Jbme  o(  them,  they 
fhould  piefently  rcceive.hi?  Anfwer ;  which,  being 
formally  put  in  Writing,  by  Direftion,  his  Ma- 
jefty  commanded  the  Clerk  of  the  Parliament, 
openly  and  diftin£lly,  to  read  9  which  accordingly 
was  doncf  and  were  as  follows,  viz, 

GrieTance.        hnpfittm  tf  CM  Skil&ng  upsn  the  Chalder  of  Sea 





There  was  never  any  Impofition  laid  upon  the 
Sea  Coals  of  Bfyth  and  Sunderland^  by  the  King's 
Authority  ;  but  i:  being  conceived  that  they  were 
Members  of  Newcnjile,  (and  fo  wiihin  their  Com- 
pofition)  they  were  only  mentioned  in  fome  Let- 
ters Patents  with  the  Town  of  NewcajVe.  But, 
it  appearing  that  they  were  Things  diftinft,  let 
the  faid  pretended  Impofltions  belaid  down,  and 
no  more  taken. 

Exafikn  for  fealing  ef  new  Draptry. 

The  King  iiath  received  no  Knowledge  of  any 
Ahufe  of  the  fiid  Patent ;  i^nd  if  any  Complaint 
hath  been  made  unto  his  Mjjefty's  Courts,  he 
doubrcth  rot  but  Jullire  hath  been  done  j  and  it  is 
his  Majcfty'sexprtCs  Will  that  all  fiich  Abufes,iipon 
due  Complaint,  be  reformed.  And,  for  the  Right 
and  Validity  of  the  faid  Patent,  his  Majefty  under- 
ftandcth  that  rhere  is  a  Suit  depending,  wherein 
the  lame  Is  brought  in  Qucftion,  which  hath  been 
diveis  Uays  fokmnly  argued  on  both  Sides,  and  is 
now  read)  for  Judgmert,  wherein  his  Majefty 
rcquircth  the  Court  to  proceed  with  all  Expedition. 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     14? 

An.  8.  Jinui  U 

Impafiisfi  upon  Ahhoufes.  Crieinl^' 

The  Intent  of  ihat  Ordinance  was  Matter  of  Anfwer. 
Reformation,  becauie  Alehoufes  did  multiply  over 
much  hy  the  Favour  of  Licences ;  and  for  the 
Profit  it  was  but  an  Incident  which  his  Majefty 
leaft  regarded  ;  and  ihat  it  might  be  done  by  Law, 
it  was  warranted  by  the  Opinion  and  Advice  of 
the  Lord  Papham^  and  the  principal  Judges  of  the 
Land  i  who,  upon  Conference  with  otherSj  main- 
tained that  referring  the  Power  of  Licences  to  the 
Juftices  of  [he  Peace,  by  the  Statute,  was  not 
privative  to  the  King's  Power  in  that  Cafe.  Bur, 
feeing  it  is  a  Thing  to  much  de(ired  to  be  removed, 
and  cfpccially  fincc  it  leeraed  to  breed  a  Jeaiouly 
in  his  loving  Subjefts  of  a  Precedent  of  impofing 
Payment  upon  them  within  the  Land  i  let  it  be 
hid  down  and  no  mure  taken. 

JHonop&ly  af  Licence  cf  Wuiti^  upan  the  Advantags^nvntxt* 
of  old  and  impoJpbU  Laws, 

The  Law,  though  old,  as  they  affirm,  yetwasABfww. 
ftill  in  Force ;  and  it  feemeth  the  Commons,  (if 
they  will  remember  fome  of  their  late  Proccedbgs) 
t,'0\x\6  be  loath  todifclaim  making  ufeof  old  Laws. 
Neverthelefs,  at  their  Prayer  (laving  the  Patent 
which  they  thcmfclves  acknowledge  to  have  been 
made  in  Favour  of  fo  great  a  Perfon  and  of  fo 
great  Defert)  his  Majefty  is  content  a  Law  be  paf- 
icd  for  reftraming  any  iuch  Licence  to  be  made  in 
Time  to  come. 

Thefe  Conceirions  of  ibe  King  make  It  appear 
that  hitherto  he  wa6  willing  to  keep  in  good  Terms 
'Xviih  his  Parliiment;  and.  though  fmall  in  thcm- 
■^dves,  in  Comparifon  o\  the  larger  Demands  of  the 
^Cummons,  yet  they  feem  to  pave  ihe  Way  for  a 
Iperfcfl  Union  between  them.  I(  is  certain  what 
the  King  was  dcfired  to  part  with,  were  Things, 
^me  of  ihcm,  that  had  been  tranlmittcd  to  him, 
"Itrou'h  a  long  Series  of  his  Predeceflbrs ;    and 

Vol.  V,  Q,  oihen 

li    The  Tarliamentary  History 

others  which  had  been  fct  up,  or  laid  on,  in  the 
Reigns  fince  the  ReformaVon  \  and,  particularly, 
in  the  hft.  Who  the  Perfon  was,  mentioned  in 
a  Parenthcfis  of  the  laft  Anfwer,  is  uncertain;  it 
fcems  to  be  either  ihe  Prince  or  the  Duke  of  Tsrk ; 
for  Gtorge  FilUen,  afterwards  Duke  of  Budlngham^ 
did  not  make  his  Appearance  at  Couit,  [ill  near 
five  Years  after  this  Period. 

We  may  fuppofe  that  thcfe  Aufwers  from  the 
King,  met  with  a  favourable  Reception  by  the 
Commons ;  for,  though  the  Journah  do  not  ex- 
prefs  lb  much,  yet,  fome  few  Days  after,  the  Bill 
of  Supply  was  fent  up  by  them,  confifting  of  one 

A  Supply  gnnt-  entire  Subfidy  and  one  Fifteenth  and  Tenth  from 

**'  the  Temporality. 

On  the  fame  Day,  July  17th,  the  LordTrea- 
furer  reported  to  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  *  Thathim- 
felf  and  fome  other  Lords,  not  as  Members  of  Par- 
Jranient.  but  as  Perfons  otherwife  interefted  in  the 
King's  Service,  did  the  Night  before  acquaint  his 
Majefty  with  the  Effeifl  of  a  Conference,  held  that 
Afternoon,  between  the  Committees  of  both  Hou- 
fes;  and  that  he  had  got  the  King's  Refolution  on 
the  Mailer,  under  his  Hand,  which  was  alfo  to  be 
imparted  to  the  Commons,  and  which  he  read  to 
the  Lords  in  thefe  Words: 

JAMES    R. 

Righ:  trufty  and  well-beloved  Couf:ns, 
w^'c«''*of'^''*  rj^/^/N'C  uriderflcod  what  hath  faffed  in 
ioo Sol"/ year-  *  7™^  Conference  with  our  Lower  Hsuje,  and 
\y,  in  lieu  of  ptrufsd  ths  Memorial  of  your  Deftres ;  we  are  n9W 
determined  to  anfwer  yjtty  in  the  Point  of  the  Price ^ 
as  it  Jhall  appear  in  vjhafi  Heart  Sincerity  is  hdged. 
Of  the  Particu/ari  newly  is  the  Prefsy  we 
prejume  you  have  Ji>  well  lemembertd  ivhat  tg  jw 
part  toyuur  FeHffWiy  as  it  Jhall  appear  tc  them  what 
Optnion  we  have  of  their  Rejpcii  ts  our  Honour; 
and  how  hath  we  zvould  be  for  Money^  ts  eontrah 
for  thcfe  Thingiy  with  which  Juji  and  gracious  Prin- 
ees  havt  been  ufed  ta  bind  their  Su^eiit,    In  the 


'icmltej,  &c. 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       243 

which  we  do  promife  on  the  iVord  of  a  King,  ("whereof j^f^^  g,  j^mj,  i_ 
God  is  If^Hnefs  to  •whom  all  Hearts  be  open)  that  1610. 
how/sever  thoje  that  (arinot  judge  of  a  King's  fleiirt, 
may  feed  themfehes  with  falfe  Fears  and  Jealoufieij 
That  Prince  Hveth  not  that  more  defireth  to  derive 
Strength  from  his  Sui/jeils  than  we  do.  And^  there- 
fore^ afier  ysu  have  laid  before  them,  how  firangt 
it  is  to  us  to  be  prefjed  in  fi  many  Things  which  havg 
been  left  to  the  Grace  of  Princes ;  wherein  we  mean 
no  more  to  vary  from  the  antient  Greainefs  of  our 
Progenitors,  than  they  who  are  out  Subje£fs  can  'be 
content  to  di>,  whs  prefs  fi/I  in  all  their  Speeches  to 
Hve  More  Majoram :  Tou  Jhali  tale  the  Liberty^  in 
our  Name^  to  accept  the  Sum  of  200,000!.  yearly^  for 
ciU  thefe  Things  which  we  have  offered  before,  or 
have  now  vouchfafed  to  part  with  to  ym  and  them. 
In  all  witch,  we  doubt  not  hut  you  zoill  make  it  ap- 
pear how  far  we  are  contented  to  borrow  ofourfelves^ 
for  Satis/hilion  of  our  loving  Subjttls.  And  fo  we 
bid  you  farewell. 
From  Theobalds, 
July  16,  1610. 

Ti.our  Right  Tru/ly  and  Right  well-beloved  Couftns^ 
and  to  our  Right  Tru/ly  and  well-helsved  the 
Lords  of  the  Higher  Houfe  ef  Parliament. 

This  written  Meflage  from  ihc  King,  being  im- 
parted to  (he  oilier  Houfe,  it  produced  mere  Con- 
ferences between  the  Committees,  appointed  to 
fettle  the  Affair,  called  now  the  Great  Contra^  be- 
tween King  and  People.  On  the  igth  of  July^ 
the  Committee  of  the  Lords  propofed  to  the  Com- 
mons, That  the  Kirg  tn'fght  have  Security  in 
Land  for  the  ftoo, cool. /-fr^^wnam;  andlhatfome 
Ordinance  or  Entry  may  be  niade^  before  the  Re- 
cefe  of  the  Houfe,  which  may  both  bind  the  King 
and  them  to  the  Contra^,  which  their  LordQiips 
conceive  to  be  already  concluded  i  fifpecially,  fince 
Time  will   not  nov/  ferve  10  have  it  pafs  into  an 


An,  8.  Jiniesl. 

a44    The  Parliamentary  History 

Jubf  the  2ift,  the  Lord  Treafurer  acquainted 
the  Lords,  That  he  had  received  from  the  Com- 
mittee of  the  Lower  Houfe  a  Memnrial,  contain- 
ing the  Subftance  of  the  molt  material  Poims  in 
the  Great  Contra^  with  his  Majefty,  and  read  the 
fame  to  the  Houfe.  Ordered^  '  That  the  like  In- 
ftniment  ftiould  be  drawn,  as  their  LordQiips  Af- 
lent  unto  the  faid  Contraff  \  wherein  the  fame 
Power  and  Liberty  ftiould  be  referved  to  his  Ma- 
iefty  and  to  the  Lords,  as  the  Commons  had,  by 
the  faid  Memorial,  referved  to  ihemlelvesj  and 
thercfn  the  fame  Words  to  be  exprelTed,  viz.  Ad- 
denh^  Mirtmndo^  Inierpretanda^  i^c^' 

July  (he  23d,  the  Lord  Treafurer  read  to  the 
Loids  a  Draught  of  a  Memorial,  penned  by  his 
Lordlhip,  according  to  their  laft  Order;  which 
was  approved  of  by  the  whole  Houfe.  And  it 
was  ordered  that  both  the  R^emorials  fbould  be  re- 
giftred  in  the  jAvrfffj/ Books  of  that  Houfe.  And, 
on  that  Day  in  the  Afternoun,  the  King  and  Prince 
ome  to  the  Houfe;  and  after  hearing  a  Speech, 
from  the  Speaker  of  the  Commons  to  his  Majefty, 
on  prcl'entJr.g  the  Suhfsdy  Bill,  anH  other  Bil!3>  the 
King  himfelf  was  plcafed  to  make  a  fhort  Speech 
to  both  Hcufes,  (but  full  of  Learning  and  prince- 
ly Wifdom,  as  the  yournal  expreflb  it)  to  this 

'  He  firft  told  them.  That  the  Time  was  fo  far 
'.  fpent  that  it  was  a  fufficieni  Excufe  for  him  to 

*  rpenk  without  Preamble  i  therefore,  he  put  them 
'  in  Mind  that  at  iheir  laft  Attending  of  him  at 

*  HVttebally  he  then,  by  his  own  Mouth,  promi- 
•■  led  them  ilwt  he  would,  before  the  breaking  up 

*  of  this  iscflion,  give  ihem  Anfwer  to  fuch  other 
*■  of  their  GrievancfS  as  they  of  the  Lower  Houfe 
'  had  prefcnted  unto  him,  and  which,  then,  he 

*  did  forbear  to  anl'wer.'  Then  the  Clerk  was 
commanded  to  read  hia  Majefty's  moft  gracious  Aft' 
fivets  to  the  Grievames  aforefaid,  which  were  as 

But,  before  we  give  this  long  Account  of  Grie- 
vances and  AnfwerSj  as  they  are  enired  in  the 





Lords  JcurnaU^  it  is  proper  to  look  back  into  the  An.  g  Tanas  l 
Proceedingsof  this  Seffion  of  Parliament;  in  which,  "  ifiio. 
befidcs  th;  Subfidy  Bill,  fix  Shillings  in  the  Pound, 
granted  by  the  Clergy,  Was  alfo  confirmed.  In  ihe 
printed  Statutes ,  arc  24  public  Afls  mentioned ;  and 
in  the  Lords  Journah  are  the  Ti lies  of  15  private 
ones  which  were  paflcd,  but  few  or  none  of  ihem 
material  enough  to  deferve  Mentioning. 

We  now  conclude  all  the  Proceedings  of  this 
Seflion,  worth  our  Notice,  with  the  followiiig 
Memorial,  extra^cd  from  the  "Journah  of  ihe 
Houfc  of  Lord%\  which,  by  his  Majefty's  Com- 
mand, was  read  ro  borh  Houfes,  on  the  laft  Day  r 
of  this  Seflion  of  Parliament.  After  the  Reading 
of  which,  the  Lord  Chnncelior,  by  another  Com- 
mand, prorogLcd  this  Parliament  to  the  i6th  Day 
of  O^der  next  enfuing. 

His  Majejifs  Anfvjen  delivered  to  the  whsk  Affeni' 
biy  of  bsth  Houjesy  th  2}d  of  July,  l6io,  unto 
eertaiti  Grievances  formerly  delivered  10  hii  Ma' 
jejif  hf  the  Knights^  Citizens  and  hur^ej/es  af 
the  Csmmom  Houfe  of  Parliament, 

*  rpOUCHING   the   Execution   of   thCj^.^^^.^^  . 

*  JL     Laws  of  this  our  Realm   made  againft  Anmc^Vother 

*  Jeluits,  Seminary  Priefts,  their  Receivers,  and  all  unrvanc^,  at 

*  other  Popiih  Reculants,  wc  hive  lo  fuffidentlv  ^J*  J^^^^j^^**" 
'  exprefs'd  our  Care  and  Refolution  in  our  WriT-njgj,(_ 

*  ings,  and  in  our  tate  Proclamalion ;  as  alio  in 
'  our  late  Speech  concerning  this  Point,  as  we 

*  fhal!  not  need  to  give  any  further  or  more  par- 
'  cular  Aiifwer  in  that  Behalf. 

'  There  h;t[h  never  been  hitherto  any  particular 
«  Church  in  the  World  (for  ought  thnt  we  have 

*  read  ur  heard)  that  hath  allowed  I'uch  Minifters 
'  to  preach  in  it  as  have  refufed  to  fubfcribe  to  ihe 

*  Doifltine  and  Difcipline  fettled  in  it*  and  m^in- 

*  tained  by  it;  and  hereof  the  Reformed  Ch'jrc'ies 

*  in  France  do  yield  a  Irefh'^xample,  who  have 

*  and  do  daily  require  Sublcription  to  the  Ariiclcs 

*  of  iheir  Synods,  iho*  very  many  in  Numbtr; 

*  ncvenliclels,  as  in  our  own  priiicelv  Judgmrnl, 

Ct3  *  we 

Ao.  8.  Junes  I. 
1610.        * 


we  ever  intended  to  make  fome  Diftinflion  be- 
tween the  Perfons  and  Dilpofiiions  of  the  depriv'd 
and  filenc'd  Minifters,  in  regard  of  better  Hope  of 
Conformity  in  fome  than  oihers,  although  they 
be  in  the  fame  Degree  Offenders  by  our  Laws; 
fo  we  {hall  bepleafcd,  when  we  know  the  Num- 
bers, the  Names  and  Qualities  of  thefe  for  whom 
this  Petition  is  made,  to  ukefucb  Order  in  that 
Behalf,  as  in  our  princely  Wifdom  we  fhall  hold 
moft  fit  and  convenient  for  the  Good  and  Peace 

*  of  the  Church. 

*  Although  never  any  Chriftian  King  had  in 
■  greater  Deteftation  ;he  covetous  and  iramode- 

*  rate  heaping  of  many  Benefices  together,  cfpe- 

*  cially  where  the  Negleft  of  the  Cure  is  joined 

*  therewith  ;   yet  it  cannot  be  expelled  at  our 

*  Hands,  that  we  fhould  in  this,  more  than  in  any 

*  other  Cafes,  abridge  any  of  our  laving  Suhjefl^ 
'  of  that  which  they  have  in  exprefs  Words  granr- 
'  cd  unto  them  by  the  Laws  of  this  our  Realm  ; 

*  or  if  we  might  lawfully  in  this  Cafe  fo  do,  yet 
'  we  fhould  not  hold  it  convenient,  until  fome 

*  farther  Provifion  be  made  that  tht;  Benelices 
'  of  tJiis  Realm  might  be  made  competent  Livings 

*  for  godly  Minifters  and  learned  Preachers;  and 

*  ihatwithfomeDifference  in  Proportion  anfwera- 

*  bletotheirGifisand  Merits.     In  themean  whilc> 

*  the  Number  of  Minifters  now  qjalificd  to  enjoy 

*  two  Benefices,  with  Cure,  will  be  greatly  di- 
'  miniihed,    if  luch  as  have  Power  to  qualify, 

*  would  abate  the  Number  of  their  Chaplains  al- 
'  lowed  them  by  Law,  as  we  are  refolved  for  lint 

*  Caufe  to  abate  ours;    befides  we  will  lay  ftri^fl 

*  Charge  upon  the  Bifhops,  under  Pain  of  our 

*  Difpleafure,  ihat  fuch  Minifters  as  either  now 

*  have,   or  hereafter  Ihall   have,  two  Benefices, 

*  wiih  Cure,  ftiall  carefully  obfetve  the  4 ill  and 
'  47th  Conllitutions,  connrm'd  by  us  j^ntiif  1603, 
'  whereby  it  is  provided  that  every  fuch  Parfon  as 

*  haih   two  Benefices  fliall  (where  he  dolh  not 

*  rcfide)  rnaintain  a  Preacher,   lawfully  allow'd, 

*  that 



0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       147 

that  is  able  fufficiently  to  teach  and  inftruft  theAji.  8.  Jamej  L 

People  in  bis  Abience ;  and  in  cafe  the  Bi(hop 
upon  ComplalnL  made  unto  bim,  Jh:)l)  negleift 
his  Duty  in  taking  Order  with  fuch  as  have 
ingroITed  Benefices  into  ilieir  Hands  or  'h.ill 
not  have  provided  for  the  fcrving  of  the  Churches 
with  fufiicient  Preachers  in  their  Abfence,  upon 
Information  given  thereof  toourfelvcs,  we  mail 
make  it  appear  how  much  we  diflike  fuch  Neg- 
kdt,  and  how  much  we  tender  a  Reformation 
in  fuch  Cales. 

*  By  Occafion  of  the  Conference  at  Htimptm^ 
Csuriy  in  the  Beginning  of  our  Reign,  and  upon 
fome  other  Complaints*  our  Clergy,  by  our 
DiredVion,  nude  a  Conftitution  with  a  Condi- 
tion which  weconfirmL-dj  wherein  t:l)ey  Ihewed 
thcmfelves  very  willing  to  forbear  the  Ccnfure 
oi  Excommunitation  for  Contumacy,  where 
the  original  Caufe  was  of  no  great  Weight,  and 
of  private  Intereft,  fo  as  there  might  be  a  Law 
made  whereby  Contumacy  in  fuch  Cafes  might 
othcrwile  be  fufiklenrly  puniflied.  And  accord- 
ingly they  cauJed  a  Bill  to  be  drawn  for  that 
Purpofe,  and  exhibited  unto  the  Lower  Houfe, 
which  found  no  Paiiage  there  ;  neverthelefs, 
when  fuch  a  Bill  fhall  be  hereafter  agreed  upon  as 
may  enable  our  EccIefialUcal  Judges  condignly  to 
punifh  the  faid  Contempts,  in  the  Caufes  men- 
tioned, oiherwife  than  by  Excommunication, and 
fo  produce  the  Reformation  which  is  fo  much 
dcfired,  we  fhall  be  plcafed  to  give  our  Royal 
AiTcnc  unto  it,  fo  as  it  fball  reil  in  our  Hands  to 
ciFc<^  that  which  is  defir'd. 
'  Touching  the  Inconvenience  and  dangerous 
Extent  of  the  Statute  i  EHz.  Cap.  I.  our  ap- 
proved Care  for  the  well  ordering  of  Ecclefiafti- 
cdl  Courts  and  Caufes,  ought  to  banifh  from  the 
Conceits  of  our  loving  Subjects*  all  needtefs 
and  imaginary  Fears  i  nevcrihclcfs,  wc  are  plea- 
fed  to  allure  them  by  our  Royal  Promife,  that  our 
EcclcQaftical  Commiilions  ftiall  not  be  directed 
to  fuigular  Pcrfons,  but  to  fuch  a  Number  of 



An.  ft.  Jama  I. 


248    The  Tarltamentary  History 

Commiflioncrs,  and  them  fo  felefled  as  the 
Weight  of  fuch  Caufes  doih  require;  and  that 
no  definitive  Sentence  be  given  or  pronounced 
by  tuch  our  Commiifioners  under  ihe  Number 
of  feven  of  them,  filling  in  Court,  or  fh'e  at  the 
leaft,  and  that  only  In  Cafe  of  NeCeffity.  And 
furlher,  that  we  fiiall  not  take  Advantage  by 
any  Power  given  us  by  that  Statute,  to  grant 
forth  any  Forms  of  Commifiions  extending  fur- 
ther than  to  ImprilbnmcDt,  and  reafonable  Fine : 
And  likewife  that  we  fhall  reftrafn  fuch  our  fe- 
veral  CommifHons  to  the  Number  of  two,  the 
one  for  the  Province  of  CanterbuTy^  and  the 
other  for  that  of  Turk;  belides  we  are  refolded 
to  eftablifii  an  Order  touching  the  Ufe  and  Prac- 
tife  of  our  faid  Commiflions,  as  that  none  of  our 
loving  Subjecfts  (hill  be  drawn  from  remote  Pla- 
ces, either  to  London  or  I'or-t,  except  it  fliall  be 
for  fuch  exorbitant  Offences  as  are  fit  to  be  made 
exemplary,  and  for  the  Enumeration  of  Eccle- 
fiadical  Caufcs  in  particular ;  and  as  it  is  a  Matter 
full  of  Difficulty,  fo  it  is  needlcfs,  as  we  fuppofe, 
confidering  that  they  are  already  fo  limited  and 
confined  that  no  ancient  Canons  orSpiritual  Laws 
are  in  Force,  that  are  either  contrary  to  the  Laws 
or  Cuftoms  of  this  Realm,  or  tend  to  the  Da- 
mage OT  Hurt  of  our  Prerogative  Royal. 
'  For  the  Grievances  apprehended  in  the  Com- 
miflion.  Firft,  a  Sovereign  King  being  Mixta 
Perjcna^  and  having  Aulhuri:y,  as  well  in  Caufes 
Eccleiiaftical  as  Temporal,  it  was  with  great 
Wifdom  ordain'd,  Matters  of  the  Church  be- 
ing many  Ways  impugned,  ami  rhe  Cenfures  of 
it  grown  into  Contempt,  that  there  (hould  be  a 
Commiilion,  confifting  as  well  of  Temporal  as 
Ecclefialtjcal  Perfons,  who  might  have  Power 
for  one  Offence  at  one  Time,  and  by  one  Sen- 
tence, to  infiift  as  there  (lioul.j  be  Caufe,  both  a 
Spiiiiiial  and  I  empornl  Funifhaient.  But  as  to 
the  Enquiry  by  Juiics,  it  hath  not  for  many 
Yesrs  been  pr:i6^iied,  and  we  are  content  that 
hcrci^ter  it  be  omiued  in  our  ConmiifTioD-    And 

'  con- 


Of    ENGLAND.      24" 

concerning  Appeals,  the  Ufc  bath  always  been  An.  8.  jiraetL 
to  exclude  them  in  Commiflions  of  this  Na'.ure ;  *  **' 
and  yet  if  any  of  our  Subjefls  fliall  be  juftly 
grieved  with  any  Sentence  given  by  our  Com- 
miflioners,  we  ihall  be  content  as  we  find  juft 
Caule,  to  grant  un:o  them  a  Commiflion  of  Re- 
view :  Alfo  for  the  Execution  of  divers  Statutes 
aimed  at  in  your  Grievances,  aiiho'  it  hathb«;n 
from  Time  to  Time  committed,  in  fome  Sort, 
unto  our  Commiflioncrsi  and  that  every  fuch 
Commiflion  haih  been  ftil'd  and  penn*d  by  the 
Attorney- General,  with  the  Advice  of  the 
chiefeft  Temporal  Judges  ;  yet  we  are  well 
pleas*d,  and  will  give  Commandment  accord- 
ingly, that  our  Temporal  and  Ecclefiaftical 
Judges,  affifted  with  our  learned  Council,  fhall 
confer  together,  concerning  the  Exceptions  by 
you  taken,  to  the  End  that  hereafter  our  faid 
Commrflioncrs  may  have  no  further  Power  to 
intermeddle  with  the  Execution  of  any  Part  of 
the  faid  Statute,  than  it  flsail  be  found  fit  for  our 
Service,  neceflary  for  the  Supprefling  of  Popery 
and  Schifm,  and  no  Ways  repugnant  to  the 
Laws  and  Policy  of  this  our  Kingdom.  But 
for  making  any  Innovations  in  the  Forms  and 
Proceedings  heretofore  ufed  by  our  laid  Com- 
miflioners,  we  know  no  Caufe  to  depart  therein 
from  the  Example  of  our  Pjogcnitors,  nor  from 
that  which  the  Laws  of  this  our  Kingdom  hath 
approved ;  and  touching  Fees,  fince  it  is  a  Court 
by  Statute  erefted,  and  no  Fees  in  the  Statute 
cxprefl'ed,  it  was  very  fit  that  the  Commiffio- 
ners  (liouM  have  Authority  to  limit  and  appoint 
to  every  Officer  his  re.ifonaSle  Fees,  and  we 
will  commend  tlie  further  Care  thereof  to  fome 
principal  Perfons  of  o'jr  Commiflion  to  take  a 
View  of  them  ;  and  as  lo  reform  what  ihcy 
find  amifs,  fo  to  eftablifh  lUch  as  fhall  be  mode- 
rate and  real'unable. 

*  Touching  the  Grievances  found  in  the  Exe- 
cution of  the  Commiflion,  we  know  that  there 
is  no  Cotumiilion  nor  Court,  eitJiet  ot  Ecclefiaf- 

'  lical 


2J0    Ihe  Parliamentary  Histort 

.  jatDcsi.'  tical  or  Temporal  Jurifdidlion,  but  may  be  fub- 
5»o-        *  jcft  more  or  left  to  Abufe  in  the  Execution  of 

*  their  Authority  j    ncverthelefs,    it  is  our  Part 

*  to  have  our  Ear  open  to  receive  Complaints  of 
'  that  Kind,  efpecially  from  our  Parliament,  when 

*  we  fhall  find  them  to  be  juft  i  and  therefore  our 
f  Purpofe  is  to  fee  iuch  Reformation  to  be  made 
'  of  all  Abufes  in  the  Execution  of  the  faid  Com- 

*  miifion,  as  may  beft  procure  the  Eafe  of  our 

*  SubjetlsfromChiirgeor  Vexjiion,  and  fuch  Pu- 
'  nifhcnent  to  be  iiifiii^ted  on  Purfuivants,  or  other 
'  inferior  Minilters,  which  fliall  be  Offenders,  as 

*  may  rcprels  fuch  Mifdcmeanors  In  Time   to 

*  come. 

*  It  is  our  princely  Cafe  and  Office  to  uphold 
'  and  maintain  all  the  Courts  of  Juftice,  both  £c- 

*  clefiaftical  and  Temporal,  within  thisour  Realm; 
'  that  none  of  them  encroach  upon  the  other,  but 

-    *  keep  itfelf  within  the  true  Bounds  and  Limits 

*  thereto  appertaining.  Neither  is  it  unknown 
'  (we  fuppofe)  10  ihe  whole  Realm,  what  Pains 
■  we  have  already  taken  to  that  End  ;  and  we  pro- 

*  pofe  (God  willing)  therein  to  perlift,  until  we 

*  fli^U  fettle  a  certain  Order  as  well  concerning 
'  Prohibitions,  as  the  Incidents  thereunto  belonging, 
'  that  no  one  of  our  Courts  may  be  prejudiced  by 

*  another.  And  that  (all  late  Inventions  and  No- 
'  velties  on  all  Sides  cfchewed)  Prohibitions  may 

*  freely  proceed  from  fuch  Courts,  in  fuch  Caufes 

*  and  in  fuch  Form,  as  by  the  ancient  Lav/s  of  the 

*  Realni  hath  been  accuftomed. 

'  And  touching  Writs  of  Habta^  Corpus^  aad 
'  Homine  RepUgiandOt  our  Pleafure  is,  that  they 
'  be  granted  according  to  Law. 
*■  *  Although  we  know  well  that  by  the  Conftitu- 

*  lions  of  the  Frame  and  Policy  of  this  Kingdom, 

*  Proclamations  are  not  of  equal  Force,  and  in 

*  like  Degree  as  Laws ;  yet,  neverthelcl's,  we  think 
'  ii  a  Duty  appertaining  to  us,  and  infeparably 
'  annexed  to  our  Crown  and  regal  Authority,  to 
'  reftrain  and  prevent  fuch  Mifchief  and  Inconvc- 

*  niences  a^  we  fee  growing  in  the  Common- 

*  Wcalttii 

O/^   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      iji 

*  Wealth,  againft  which  no  certain  Law  b  extant,  An.  8.  Jmct'i. 

*  and  which  may  tend  to  the  great  Grief  and  Pre-         x6io. 
'  judice  of  the  Subjc£h,  if  there  fhould  be  no  Rc- 

'  mcdy  provided  uniil  a  Parliament ;  wliichPrero- 
'  ^live  our  Progenitors  have  in  antient,  as  well 
'  as  later  Times,  ufed  and  enjoyed.  Bat  if  filhence 
'  the  Beginning  of  our  Reign,  Proclamations  have 
'  been  more  frequent  than  in  former  Times,  or 
'  have  extended  further  than  Is  warranted  by  Law, 
'  we  take  it  in  good  Part  to  be  informM  thereof 

*  by  our  loving  Subjedts,  and  take  it  to  Heart  as  a 

*  Matter  of  great  Confequcnce ;  and  therefore  we 

*  will  have  Conference  with  our  Privy  Council, 
'  and  with  our  Judges  and  iearned  Council,  and 

*  will  caufe  fuch  our  Proclamations  as  are  paft,  to 

*  be  reformed  where  Caufe  ftall  be  found  ;  and  for 

*  future  Time  will  provide  that  none  be  made 

*  but  fuch  as  ihaJl  ftand  with  the  former  Laws  or 

*  Statutes  of  the  Kingdom,  and  fuch  as  in  Cafes 
'  of  Neceflity  our  Progenitors  have,  by  their  Prc- 

*  rogative  Royal,   ufed  in  Times  of  the  beft  and 

*  happieft  Government  of  this  Kingdom. 
•  Our  Defire  is,  that  all  our  Subje^s  univerfally 

*  may  be  governed  by  the  Laws  that  make  beft  for 

*  the  Peace  and  Quiet  of  the  Country  where  they 
'  Jive,  and  whereby  Juftice  may  be  equally  and 
'  fpeedily  adminiftred,  as  well  lo  Poor  as  Rich, 
'  with  leaft  Charge  and  Expence ;  and  for  thofe 

*  four  Counties  for  which  Suit  is  now  made  to 
'  have  them  exempted  from  the  Jurifdiftion  of 

*  cur  Council  in  JValeiy  and  the  Marches  of  the 
'  lame,  we  conceive  it  to  be  a  Matter  of  very 

*  great  Importance  i  for  it  tendeth  toiheAltera- 
'  tion  of  a  fettled  StiUe  of  Government,  conri- 

*  nued  by  the  Space  of  many  Years,  in  the  Times 
'  of  divers  Kings  and  Queens,  our  Predeceflbrs, 
'  advifed  by  as  wife  and  judicious  Privy  Counfel- 

*  lors,  and  executed  and  put  in  Ufe  ever  fince  the 

*  making  of  the  Statute  jf  Henry  VlII.  that  gave 
*■  Strength  [o  the  Government,  by  many  as  grave, 
'  reverend  and  learned  Judges  as  this  Realm  ever 
'  bad,  who  lived  at  and  neareit  the  f  irae  of  the 

'  iaid 

7he  Tarliamentary  History 

AikS. JmMl.'  faid  Statute,   and  therefore  beft  underftood  the' 
**'***       *  Senfc  and  Meaning  of  it.     Therefore  we  find 

*  our  Crown,  upon  fo  good  Grounds,  fo  long 
■  poITefied  of  that  Form  of  Government  in  thofe 

*  Farts;  and  having  holden  one  conftant  Courfe, 
'                    *  ever  fithence  our  coming,  to  keep  the  State  of  all 

*  Affairs  of  this  Realm,  and  efpecially  of  Juftice 

*  and  Government,  the  fame  we  found;  to  the  End 

*  there  might,  in  a  manner,  be  no  Shew  of  Change 

*  by   us  (which  hath  been  juftly  obfcrv'd  as  an 

*  apparent  Mark  of  God's  Blefling  upon  us  and 

*  our  Kingdom  J  we  have  retained  and  continued 

*  Hill  the  fime  Government  in  thofc  Counties, 

*  with  fit  Moderation  by  your  laft  Inflrudtions; 
'  holding  it  boih  jull  and  convenient,  as  well  for 

*  Ihofc  as  all  other  Parts  whereunto  it  is  apply*d. 

*  Neveithelefs  we  will  take  Time,  and  inform 
'  ourfeU  of  all  Things  that  may  lead  our  Judg- 

*  ment  to  the  bell  ordering  of  a  Caufe,  of  fo  great 
'  Weight  and  Confideration,  iind  will  thereupon 
'  refolve  and  do  as  we  ftiall  find  aafw^r^ble  to 

*  Julticc  and  Policy  of  State,  which  can'c  be  fe- 
'  parated ;  alw.^ys  profefling  for  the  Satkfaftion 

*  of  our  loving  Subje^s  in  general,  that  as  we  are 

*  and  ought  to  be  ilow  to  put  down  or  alter  ihofe 
'  Courts  and  Guvernmenis,  which  the  Wifdom 
'  of  former  Times  hath  eftahlifliedj  ^o  we  are 

*  firmly  refolvcd  never  to  ere£t  in  any  other  Parts  of 

*  the  Realm,  any  like  Courts,  or  provincial  Coun- 

*  cils,  except  it  be  by  AJlent  of  Parliament;  and 

*  for  full  Ailurance  thereof,  we  will  yield  to  any 
'  Security  that  by  Aft  of  Parliament  {hall  be  rea- 
'  fonably  devifcd, 

Afarlii  26,     1610. 
Memmal  toneernhtg  the  Great  Contraft  wtth  his 
Majtjlj^  touching  Tenures  with  the  Depfndants^ 
Purveyance,  &c.  ddivered  by  the  Committees  of 
the  Commons  Houfe  unto  the  Lordi. 

Demands  in  Matters  of  Tenures,  ^c* 
*  The  Dcfire,  in  general,  is  to  have  all  Knights 

*  Service,  turn'd  into  free  and  common  Bouage, 

•  In 


'  In  pan'icular  fomc  Tenures  more  properly  Ao.  8.  JameaL 

*  concern  the  Perfon,  fome  the  Pojleflion,  '*»*'• 

Cweem'in^  the  Pfrfou,  viz. 

*  Grand  Scrjeaniy,  wherein  the'   the  Tenure- 

*  be  taken  away,  yet  theService  of  Honour  lobe 

*  fa'-ed,  and  the  T^umx^  per  Baroniam^  as  it  may 
'  concern  Bilhops  or  Parlbns,  oc  Men  in  Parlia- 

*  ment,  to  be  confidered. 

*  Petty  Scijeaniy,  Eicuagc   certain  and  uncer- 

*  tain,  to  be  taken  away. 

*  Caftle  Guard.     That  Caftle  Guard  which 

*  rcfts  in  Rent  to  be  faved. 
'  All  Kniglus  Services  General,  both  of  King 

*  and  common  Perfons.  j 
'  Homage  anceftral  and  ordinary,    with   the 

'  Refpite  of  tjiem  ;  both  thefe  to  be  taken  away, 
'  only  the  Coronation- Homage  to  be  faved,  not 

*  in  refpeft  of  Tenure  but  of  Honour. 

*  Feahy.     The  Form  of  doing  Fealty  not  yet 

*  refolv'd  of. 
'  Wardfliip  of  Body,  -s 

*  Marriage  of  the  Heir,  vThcfetobe  taken  away. 

'  of  the  Widow.     J 

*  Kefpiie  of  Fealiy  to  be  taken  away. 

Comern'wg  the  Pojfejfien^  viz, 

*  Wardfhips  and  Cuftody  of  Lands  to  be  taken 

*  away. 

'  Primier  Seifin  to  ceaft. 

*  Livery  Oufter  U  Ma'in^  to  be  taken  away  fo 

*  far  as  they  concern  Tenures,  or  Seizure  by  rca- 

*  fon  of  Tenures,  other  than  forEfcheats 

*  Licence  of  Alienation  upon  Fines,  Feofmcnts, 

*  Leafe3  for  Life,  and  other  Conveyances. 
'  Pardon  of  Alienation,  Pleading  Diem  claufit 

'  extremtim^   Mandamu}^  ^ua;  plura  deveneruntj 

*  Offiui  pop  Mortem^  Inqtdjitionii  ex  OfficiCy  ex- 
'  ccpt  for  Efchcats. 

*  A!fo  all  conceal'd  Wards  de  futuroy  all  In- 

*  firu£iioii£|  all  Alienauons  paft,  all  Bonds  and 

i  Cove- 

Alu  S.  Jatnes  I.  c 

l6lo.  « 

154    The^arliametitary  Histort 

Covenants  for  Performance  of  what  tentJs  to 

*  Knights  Service ;  all  ihefe  to  be  determined. 

'  The  like  for  Wards  of  common  Perfons,  viz* 

*  All  Wards  now  in  being,  or  found  by  Office, 
'  or  which  fliall  be  found  by  Office  before  the  Con- 
'  clufion  of  this  Comraft,  and  whofe  Anceftorsdicd 

*  within  three  Years  before,  thefe  to  be  favcd. 
«  Relief  upon  Knights  Service  to  ccafe. 

*  Patentees  ihat  pay  a  Sum,  or  pay  Tenths  or 
'  Fee-Farms.    Thele  not  to  double  their  Rent 

*  upon  a  Relief  to  be  paid. 

*  Efcheats,  Heriots,  Suit  of  Court  Rent,  VVork- 

*  Days,  and  fuch  Services ;  ihei'e  all  to  remain, 

'  Aid  to  the  King  to  remain,  but  limited  hi  a 

*  certain  to  25,000  1.  cum  acciderit, 

'  Aids  to  common  Perfons  to  ccafc.^^ 

Die  Mart  is  26  Junii^  1610, 

*  If  any  Body  Politick  or  Cotporatc,  or  other 

*  Perfon  or  Perfcns»  or  any  from  or  under  whom 

*  they  cUim,  have  had  Pofleflion,  and  been  re- 
'  puted  Owners  by  the  Space  of  fixty  Years,  and 
'  neither  the  King  nor  his  Progenirors,  nor  any 
'  other  for  him  or  them  have  had  PoiTeffion, 
'  by  taking  of  Profits  by  the  Space  of  one  whole 

*  Year,  without  Iii[erruption,  within  fixty  Years, 
'  the    King's  Tjtle    before    that  Time  (hall  be 

*  exiinguilhed ;    and    i'uch  PoiTeflbr  or    reputed 

*  Owner  of  the  Inheritance  fii-ill  hold  the  In- 

*  heritance  againft  the  King's  Majefty,  his  Heirs 

*  and  Succelfors ;  and  againft  his  Patentees,  and  all 

*  claiming  from,  by  or  under  him  or  them,  or  any 

*  of  his  Progenitors i    and  if  the  King's  Majefty, 

*  or  his  Progenilors,  have  been  in  PoflefTjon  only 

*  of  a  Ren!  rcfcrved  upon  Arrentation  of  Aflarts, 

*  or  Wafte  Grounds  in  Forefts  or  other  Lands, 

*  or  upon  fomc  Grants  m  Fee-Farm :  And  any 

*  Body  Pohuck  or  Corporate,  or  other  Perfon, 

*  have  enjoy'd  the  Lands,  Tenements,  or  Here- 

*  djtam.'iita  for  \»hich  fuch  Rem  is  paid,  by  the 

*  Space  of  ^xiy  Years  nnd  more,  as, his  own  pro- 

*    pCE 


Heirs  and  SucccfTors,  (hall  enjoy  tHe  laid  Kent 

only  i  and  the  reputed  Owners  fhall  hold  the 

Inheritance  according    to    the   fevcral   reputed 

Eftates;  and, all  others  claiming  or  pretending 

'  Title  under  "any  that  ihal!  gain  the  Inheritance 

'  againft  the  King  by  this  Law,  either  for  Years, 

'  Life,  Entail,  orfor  other  Eftacc,  either  at  the 

*  Common  Law,  or  according  to  the  Cuftom  of 
'  any  Manour,  (hall  hold  and  enjoy  the  fame,  ac- 
'  cording  to  tbeir  loiiuer  fuppofed  Eftace. 

'  And,   it  was   thought  reafonable  that  fome 

*  Courfc  be  thought  upon  concerning  fuch  as  pay 
'  the  King  any  Rents  fur  Land,  as  Chief  Lord, 
'  or  otherwile,  having  had,  5y  the  Space  of  fixiy 

*  Years  or  more,  the  Freehold  and  Inheritance  of 
'  the  iaid  Lands  in  themlclver, or  fuch  from  whom 
'  they  claim  that  Claim,    that  by  Colour  of  fuch 

*  Rent  received,  the  King  fhould  not  be  entitled 
'  to  the  Inhcriiance. 

'  And,  that  fome  Courfe  may  be  taken  for  Li- 

*  mitation  of  Entries,  and  Actions  of  Rights,  and 
'  7'itles  of  Lands,  belonging  to  the  Duchy  of 
'  Cornwall^  Principality  of  IFales^  and  Counties  of 
'  Chejler  and  Flint  i  and,  namely,  That  Ibmc 
'  Provifion  be  made  for  it  in  the  Patent  now 
'  fhortly  to  be  palled  to  the  Prince  of  JVaies,  that 
'  fuch  as  have  been  reputed  of  the  Inheritance,  and 

*  had  Pofleffion  above  fixty  Years,    fhall  not  be 

*  impeached. 

Pattnteei  to  be  {onduded^  in  hke  Serif  as  if  the 
Sfiate  hadjl'itl  rtmaitted  in  the  King, 

I. '  That  Letters  Patent50fhisMajefty,his  Heirs 
and  Succeflbrs,  and  other  his  Progenitois,  not 
heretofore  made  void  by  Judgment,  or  fuch  En- 
try as  hath  been  made  known  by  one  Year's 
Continuance  of  Poflellion,  Ihall  be  continued, 
and  taken  moft  beneficially,  for  the  Patentees, 
their  Heirs  and  Aiiigns  i  in  Cafe  any  Eftatc  of 
Inheritance  be  pafled,  and  for  the  Patentee,  his 

*  Exe- 

ij6    The  Parliamentary  History 

Aa.8.  >m«  I, '  Executors^  Adminiftrators,  and  Afligns,  to  whom 

«6io.        '  any  Leafe  halh  or  fhall  be  made,  according   to 

'  ibe  Purport  of  the  faid  Letters  Patents  or  Leafe; 

'  and  no  other  ExpoGtion  to  be  made  of  any  Ki- 

*  tent,  Grant,  orLcale,  of  the  K-ii^j  orhisPro- 

*  genitors,  but  I'uch  as  the  Law  makes  in  Grants, 

*  and  Lcafes,  made  by  comti^on  Perfons,  any 
'  collateral  Matter,  common  Rule,  or  Maxim  to 
'  the  Contrary  notwithftanding. 

2.  *  And  that  all  Letters  Patents,  Grants  or  Lca- 
'  fes,  from  henceforth  fhall  be  expounded,  conftru- 
'  ed,  taken  or  adjudged,  to  pafs  all  Rights,  Titles, 

*  Eftates,  and  Inlerefts,  whaifoever  the  King  at 
'  theTimcof  the  faid  Letters  Patents  made,  mighr 
'  have  palTed  as  King  or  Duke ;    and  that  fuch 

*  Grants  as  have  been  made  under  the  Duchy-Scal 

*  of  LancajUry  of  Land  reputed    Duthy-Lands, 

*  by  the  Space  of  fixty  Years,  ihal]  be  good  not- 

*  withflanding  the  King  hiive   any  other  Title 

*  hereunto,  in  Right  of  his  Crown  or  otherwife. 

3.  '  That  the  King  oir  any  Patentee  of  the  King, 
■  his  Heirg  or  Succeflbrs,  (hall  not  take  any  Forfei- 

*  ture  of  hisEftate  forNon  payment  of  Rent,  but 

*  only  fhall  have  a  Penalty  of  double  the  Rents  j 
'  but  that  the  Leflee  fhall  enjoy  his  Eltateagainft 
'  the  Patentees  as  he  did  under  ihe  King;  and  that 

*  Le<U'es  made  upon  Suggeftion  of  Surrenders,  may 
'  not  be  overthrown  for  Defo^^s  or  Imperfeflions 
'  of  or  in  the  Surrender,  or  for  Want  of  Sur- 

*  render. 

4.  *  The  Subject  upon  every  Information  of 
'  Inftruftion  be  .admitted  to  plead  the  general  Iflue, 
'  tiot  guiity\  and  not  be  forced  to  any  fpecial  Plea; 

*  neither  ftinll   any  Injunciion  in  reipedt  of  fuch 

*  Plea  be  granted,  to  turn  him  out  of  PoiTeffion, 

*  having  had  Poficflian  by  the  Space  of  one  Year 
*■  befure. 

5.  *  The  Point  concerning  penal  Laws  and  In- 

*  formers^  (hall  be  ordered  as  fhall  be  moft  for  the 
'  Benefit  and  Eafe  of  the  Subjects,  preferving  the 
'  Force  of  the  Law,  and  a  Courft  to  be  eftablifh- 

'  «r 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  a      aj; 

cd  for  due  Execution  ibereof,  and  inftifting  ihe  An,  g.  jnnai. 
Penalty.  »^»o. 

6.  *  AH  Pun-eyance  and  Takings  for  his  Majc- 
fty'sUfe.  the  Qiiten,  the  Prince,  and  al!  other  the 
"  Children,   and  for  all  Offices,  Courts, 

,  aad  Socie'ies  whalfoever,  \o  be  utter- 
ly taken  away,  as  well  Purveyance  and  Taking 
of  HoufholJ,  Stable,  Navy,  Servants,  Labour- 
ers, and  all  other  Provifiona;  andalfo,  for  Carls, 
Hotfes,  and  Carringcs,  both  by  Land  and  Wa- 
ter;  and,  generally,  all  Purveyances  and  Ta- 

■  kings  for  whomfoever,  whatfuever,  of  virhat 
'  Name  or  Nature  liaever,  lo  be  for  ever  exiin- 

•  guiQied ;  the  Compofition  for  the  fame  to  be  all 
dilTolved  and  rcleafed  i  ihe  Clerk  of  the  M-iiket, 
and  all  others,  to  be  difablcd  for  fctcing  any  Pri- 

'  ces;  the  Power  and  Prerogalive  of  Pre-emption 
to  be  determined,  not  intending  hereby  the  Pre- 
emption of  Tin, 
*  What  Regard  ihali  be  bad  to  rhe  Merchant- 

'  Stranger  in   this  Point,   to  be  left  to  further 

'   Conlideration. 

7.  '  That  his  Majelly  would  be  pleas'd  to  par- 

'  don,  releafe,  and  difchart^c  ^.\\  old  Debts,  due  to 

'  htm  or  any  of  his  Progenitors,  before  the  5o:h 
Year  of  the  Reig;n  of  our  late  Sovereign  Lady 

■  Q^ecn  Eiiz{2t(th:  And  that  hereafter  every  Sub- 

■  jed»  fued  or  molefled  for  any  Debt  due  to  his 

'  Majefty   or  his  Progenitors,   or  that  (hall  grow ; 
'  due  to  his  Heirs,    may  plead  that  the  lame  Debt' 

•  or  Sum  of  Money  fucd  for,  or  demanded,  bc- 

•  came  due  lo  the  King  or  his  Progenitors,  by  the 
'  Space  of  ten  Years  paft  j  and  that  the  fame  in 
'  the  mean  Time,    hath  no:  been  fued  for  in  any 

of  the  King's  Courts,  and  that  the  fame  appear- 
ing to  be  true  or  lb  proved,  (hall  be  a  good  Plea 
'*>  H"* 

e-Fines,  and  Poft-Fmcs,  due  upon 
xkjiviuuwu,  by  Fine  or  Recovery,  to  be  takea 

Vol.  V, 

16  Ju^, 

All.  8.  Jamn  [. 

158     The  Tarliamentarj  Histort 

16  Jufy,  1610. 
'  That  where  any  Man  (hall  be  outlawM,  at 

*  the  Suit  of  a  common  Perfon,  before  Jurfgmem 

•  or  after,  the  Plaintiff  firft,  anJ  all  otheri  after 
'  him  in  Order  as  they  defire,  all  may  be  paid 
'  their  juft  Debts  oui  uf  the  Forfeiture  grown  to 
'  the  King,  before  the  King  or  any  other  take  any 
'  Advantage  of  fuch  Forfeiture. 

'  In  like  Manner,  in  all  Attainders  of  Felony 
'  and  Tfcafon,  all  Creditors  to  be  fatlsfied  for  their 
'  juft  Debt5,  out  of  the  Eftatcs  of  the  Perfons  at- 
'  tainted. 

'  That  the  Cbufe  in  the  Statutes  34  and  35 
'  Hin.  VIII.  by  which  the  King  hath  Power  to 
alter  the  Laws  for  finales  and  make  new,  be  re- 
'  pealed. 

In  the  Tnterim  till  our  next  Accefs ; 

'  No  Man  10  be  queftioned  or  troubled  for  any 
'  Land  upon  defeflivc  Titles,  either  upon  Pretence 
'  that  the  Patent  is  void,  or  tor  Afiarc  Lands,  and 

fuch  like,    which  have  had  long  PoflVllion  and 

no  Patent. 

*  No  Man  to  be  queftioned  for  Land  gained  by 
'  the  Sea,  be  itantient  or  new. 

*  No  concealed  Ward  to  be  fought  after,  nor 
any  to  be  qtieftioned,  after  the  Death  of  whofe 
Anceftors  an  Offitre  hath  not  been  found  wilh- 

'  in  ten  Years. 

*  No  M;'.n  to  be  queftioned  fw  old  Debts, 

*  Nor  Alienations  without  Licence, 

*  Nor  be  confined  to  plead  his  Licence,  or 
Title,  or  Tenure,  in  the  Exchequer. 

'  1.  ThatwhereastheHoufe  of  Commons  have 
already,  amons;  their  Grievances,  preferred  a  Pc- 
linofi  to  his  Majefty,  as  of  Right  and  Jufticc, 
that  the  four  Englijh  Counties  may  have  a  Trial 
by  Law,  concerning  their  Inheritance  to  the 
Common  Laws  of  this  Realm,  and  io  to  be  ex- 

*  cmpied 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     239 

emptcd  from  tbc  JurifdiiSlion  of  the  Prefident  ao.S.  J*m«r, 
and  Council  of  iVaks^  {a  Matter  wherein  the  i6»o, 
whole  Realm  is  deeply  intereftoJ)  noiwithftand- 
ing,  upon  occafion  of  this  great  Conrnft,  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  doth  humbly  pelilion  to  his 
Majefty,  as  of  Grace,  that  without  further  Suit, 
Trial,  or  Trouble,  thofe  Cmmties  may  be  re* 
ftored  to  that  their  antient  Right*  the  fame  being 
no  way  prejudicial  to  his  Majelly's  Honour,  in 
Point  of  Sovereignly,  (as  we  conceive,)  as  be- 
ing alike  to  his  Majefty  in  which  of  his  Courts 
his  Subjects  have  their  Trials;  and  in  Profit 
much  lefs:  But  rather  being  a  Matter  of  greater 
Benefit  to  his  Majefty,  in  the  Duties  due  for 
Suits  in  his  Courts  at  IVeJiminJler^  and  to  his 
Majefty's  loving  Subjc^s  there,  it  will  be  a  Mat- 
ter of  great  Comfort,  and  of  enabling  them  the 
better  to  perform  their  Part  of  this  Contra<ft, 
'  by  cafing  them  of  much  caufelefs  Vexation  and 
Charges,  which  in  trifling  Suits  they  now  bear 
and  endure. 

2.  '  The  King  to  be  boiind  upon  Demurrers, 
'  10  exprefs  ihe  0.uie  of  Demurrer  for  Form,  as 
'  (he  Subject  Js  by  the  Statute  27  th  EU%» 

3.  •  Petition  to  be  made  to  his  Majefty  to  grant 
'  out  Commtflions,  to  declare  the  juft  and  due 
'  Fees  of  all  the  Courts  and  Offices  in  this  Realm, 

*  fo  far  forth  as  they  arc  to  be  paid  by  the  Subjett; 

•  and  ihcy  to  be  reduc'd  into  a  Hook  and  printed. 

4.  «  HisMajeftyalfo  to  be  petitioned  to  appoint 
'  fome  to  make  a  diligent  Survey  of  all  the  penal 

■  Statutes  of  this  Realm,  to  the  End  tliat  fuch  as 
'  are  obfolcte  or  unprofitable  may  be  repealed; 

*  and  this  for  the  better  Kafe  and  Certainty  of  the 

*  Subjefl  i  all  fuch  as  arc  profitable  concerning  one 

♦  Matter,  may  be  reduc'd  into  one  Statute  to  bo 

*  pafsM  in  Parliament. 

5.  *  The  Lords  to  join  with  the  Houfc  of  Com-* 

•  mors  in  Petition  to  his  Majefty,  for  Rccompence 

•  to  be  made  by  his  Mujelly  to  ail  fuch  Officers  of 

■  OiurtSt  as  aie  damnified  by  (his  Contract  in 

•  foi^t  of  Tenures. 

-  R  2  20  74* 

a  60    The  Tarlsatnentary  Histok  t 

An.8.>m«I.  ^O  Jufy,   161O. 

J  610.  6.  <  His  Majeily  to  be  petitioned  that  he  will 

'  be  pleaTed  to  grant  no  Protedtkms  contrary  to 

*  Law. 

'  That  the  Extent  of  every  Article  that  is  de- 
'  creed  for  the  Good  of  the  Commons  in  tbb 
'  great  Contrail  with  his  Majefty,   (hould  be  ex- 

*  pounded  and  explained  in  all  Caufes  doubtful, 

*  by  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  according  to  their 
'  true  Meaning. 

<  Refervation  to  be  made  of  further  Addition  at 
'  the  next  Seffion,   of  any  Proportion  withb  the 

*  Bounds  agreed  on :  viz.  Not  to  impair  his  Ma- 

*  jetty's  Honour,  in  Point  of  Sovereignty,  nor  Xa 

*  diminifb  his  Eftate,  in  Matters  of  Profit,  with- 

*  out  Recompence  for  the  iame. 

21  July^  1610. 

Anfwer  to  the  Lords  three  Propofitions,  viz. 

X,   JVhat   AJfurance  his  Ma}e/ly    (had    have  of 

200,000/.  yearly  Rtuenue, 

Anfwer^  viz. 

*  Not  having  refolved  yet  whereupon  to  raifc 

*  this  Revenue,  nor  in  what  Manner  to  levy  it, 

*  thus  much  wc  arc  refolv'd  of,  That  it  fhall  be 
'  ftable  and  certain  to  his  Majefty,  and  convenient 

*  for  his  Majefty's  Officers  to   receive  and  g«- 

*  ther  it. 

2.  What  Matter  of  Content  in  the  Interim  JbaU  U 

brought  dawn  into  the  Country. 

Anpjer^  viz. 

*  Firft,  to  the  meaner  Sort,  the  afiuring  tbetn 

*  that  nothing  {hall  be  levied  upon  their  ordinary 

*  Viftuals ;   viz.  Bread,  Beer,  and  Corn,  nor  up- 

*  on  their  handy  Labours.    Secondly,  to  the  bet- 

*  ter  Sort,   the  View  of  thefc  Things,  which  in 

*  Lieu  of  that  Sum,  we  (hall  receive  from  his  Mi- 

*  jelly,  whereof  Copies  to  be  taken  down  by  fuch  ' 
<  as  pleafe.  Thirdly,  in  General  to  all,  his  Nb-  - 
'  jelly's  grsicious  Anfwer  to  our  Grievances. 

O/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      a6r 

3,  What  C$urfe  now  for  the  fiitling  of  this  great  An.  8.  Jimes  r. 

Contralf  and  proceedhg  in  it.  1610. 

AnfiJL'er^  viz, 

•  Firft  of  all,   %vc  proceed  now  by  Additbn  of 
■  fome  more  Articles,  which  together  wiih  the 

*  former  in  one  entire  Copy,  wc  will  prcfcnt  10 

*  the  LorJs.  Secondly,  for  the  fettling  of  it  at 
<  our  Return  to  find  tt  as  wc  leave  it>  we  will  en-  • 

*  tcT  in  our  Boo i:,  i.  What  wc  ha'e demanded, ■ 

*  wz.  Thcfc  Ariicles.     2.  What  wc  have  refol-' 

*  ved  to  give    therefore    to  his    M^jofty,    vix. 

*  200,0001.  by  the  Year.     3.  The  Security  to  be 

*  by  Aft  of  Parliament,  in  as  ftrong  sort  as  can 

*  be  dcvifcd.     4.  The  Manner  of  Levying  it,  to 

*  be  in  luch  Sort  as  may  be  fecure  to  his  MajeUy, 
"  and  in  tJie  moll  cdfciu]  andcontenlfui  Sun  to  the 

*  Subjeifl,  as  by  bothHoulesof  Parliament  can 
'  be  devifcd. 

MifMrial  ameruing  ihi  great  CantraH  with  his 
Majefiy,  ttsuihing  Te/iura,  with  the  Dependents, 
Conveyance,  &c.  eanceiv'd  by  the  Dire^ion  of 
the  Lords  $/  the  Higher  Hcufe  ef  Par/Jament, 

*  Whereas  the  Knights,  Ciiizctis,  and  Burgef- 

*  fes  of  the  Lower  Houfe  of  Parliamenr,  have  this 

*  Day,  by  Commiitee,  delivered  to  tlic  Lords 
'  Comminecs  of  this  Houfe,  a  Mcmoilyl  by  ihcin 
'  conceivM  and  put  in  Writing,  contaitiing  cer- 

*  lain  Article3  concerning  the  great  Contrai5t  with 

*  his  Mjjfrty,  which  during  this  SefRon  of  Prirlia- 

*  ment  hath  long  and  often  been  in  Speech  and 

*  Debate  between  their  Lordfhips  and  them,  as  well 
'  on  his  Majefly's  Behalf,  as  for  the  Intcreft  of  their 
^  Lordfhips,  and  of  the  f^id  Knights,  CitixcnSi 
*^r.-l  RiirjrefJes ;  by  which  Contraft,  they  arc  tied 

*  to  aiTurc  unro  his  Majefty,  tis  Heirs  and  Succef- 

*  for,  the  Sum  of  aoo,oool  SteriiDg,  in  yearly 

*  Rcv'.-nuc.  In  Sattsfiflron  of  the  great  yearly  Profits 

*  which  his  M  .jcfty  hath  or  may  m:ike,  as  'well  in 

*  rcl'pci^  cfilic  wardfliips  of  the  Bodies  and  Lsnds 

R  3  'of 



*26a    ne  Tarliammtary  History 

Aq.  s.  bniK  I.    °^  ^'^  Subjefts,   an<l  all  oihcr  Incidents  to  Te- 
*  1610.      *  *  nurcs,  as  of  the  Benefit  arifing  by  Poft- Fines,  dc- 

*  faj^ive  Titles,  Aflans,  and  many  other  Immu- 

*  nJties  and  Privileges,  together  with  the  cxtin- 

*  guifhing  of  Purveyances,  (all  tending  to  the  Pro- 
^  fit  and  Eafe  of  his  Majefty's  Subjcfls,)  in  the 

*  Conclufion  whereof  there  is  this  Chulc  incer- 
'  ted,  wz.  That  the  Extetil  of  every  Article^  that 

*  ii  dtfirid  for  the  Good  of  the  Commatju  if  this 

*  great  CantraSl  with  bis  MtTJeJiy,,  Jh-jiddpe  ex* 

I  *  piawfd  and  txpoundedin  allCkujes  dcitbtfuly  by\ 

I  ^  the  Houfe  ef  Commons,  eaorditig  to  their  true 

'  Alianwg' 

*  And,  wherens  at  the  Prefcntlng  of  the  fame 

*  Memorial,  it  was  alfo  delivered  in  the  Name  of 
^  the  LovFer  Houle,  by  Sir  Edwyn  Sandys,  that, 
'  noiwlthftanding  the   laid  Ciaiifc  inferted,  it  was' 

*  not  intended  to  make  any  Queftion  of  the  Price, 

*  or  of  any  main  Part  of  ilie  Coniradl,  bccaule 

*  tliey  were  agreed  in  ihe  Subftar>ce;  but  only  to 

*  receive  ibme  Liberty  for  the  Expofition  of  the 
'  Extent  of  fome  Branches,  which  contained  thofe 

*  Requefts  which  they  had  made  under  that  Li- 
■  berty  ;  (which  his  Majefty  gave  them  to  propound 
'  iuch  other  Things  as  fliould  not  derogate  from 

*  his  Honour  or  Profit)  in  aJl  which  they  defired 

*  alfo  by  the  Mouth  of  Sir  Edwyn  Si^udys^  10 

*  retain  Libert)'i  sdd^ndo^  minuends,  et  tnttrpre- 

*  tando.* 

*■  And,  whereas  it  was  alfo  delivered  by  the 
•       •  Gentleman  aforefaid,    that  the  Lower  Houfe 

*  were  rcfolved  at  the  End  of  this,   to  deliver 

*  a  clear  Anfwer  ;  that  is  to  fay,  concerning  thci 

*  King's  Allurance,  tho'  for  the  Manner  of  Lcvy^l 

*  they  had  nor  yet  taken  the  fame  into  Confidera- 1 
^                 *  tion  in  the  Ablcence  of  their  Fellows ;  yet  of  ^ 

*  this  one  Thing,  they  did  defirc  their  Loidfl\ips 
*'  to  remain  a^uied,  that  it  was  their  full  Intention 

*  and  RcfolLiiiun  that  his  Mujtfty's  Revenue,  (*e- 

<  ptnJing  upun  this  Conlrai5t,  ihoulo  have  ihefc 

*  two  t^ualitits  ;  one  that  it  fliould  be  a  Revenue 

<  firm  ix4  ft*ble  1  another  that  it  (hoidd  not  bci 

*  dif-' 

>   0/  ,E  N  G  L  A  N  D,      263 

*  difficult   in   the  Levy.     In  both  which  they  af-An.  8.  Jamei  L 

*  fured  themfelves,    they  did    fuliy  aniwer  thr       «*". 

*  Meaning  of  that  Speech  which  made  mention 
'  of  Tirra  Erma,* 

'  And,  Foralmuch,  as  the  Knights  and  Bar- 
'  gefics  of  the  Lower  Houlc,  have  alib  acknow- 
'  ledged  (and  that  moft  truly)  that  they  did  always 
'  underftand  themfelves  bound  to  limit  themfeveS) 

*  fo  carefully,  in  all  Things  which  ihey  have 
'  fought  for,  or  ftiall  do,  not  being  particularly 

*  exprclTcd  at  the  Time  that  Ihey  did  accept  of 

*  the  Price,  as  not  to  demand  or  expect  any  Con- 
'  dition,  whereby  his  Majefty  fhould  lofe  either 
*.  Honour  or  Profit,  as  aforefaid.* 

*  The  Lords  alio  who  are  likewife  in  their  own 

*  particular  Eftates  and  Pofleffion,  fbefide  the  Care 

*  of  the  Publick  Good)  no  lefs  intcrefted  in  the 
-•  (aid  great  Contraft  than  ihey,  and  by  their  erai* 

*  nent  Places  and  Degree,  Arc  more  ftiftiy  bound 
'  to  take  care  of  thole  Things  which  do  parlicu- 

*  larly  concern  the  Honour  and  Revenue  of  (he 

*  Crown  than  others  are,  have  now,  upon  good 
■  Advice  and  Deliberation,  thought  fit  and  ne- 

*  ceflary,  not  only,  to  acknowledge  their  perfonal 
'  Confunt  10  the  lubftantial  Parts  of  this  Coniraft, 

*  but  with  the  Privity  of  his  Majelly,  as  an  Ar- 

*  gument  of  his  Confcnt,  given  Older  likewife, 
'  for  an  Entry  to  be  made  of  the  lame  Memorial, 

*  in  Manner  as  is  aforefatd  ;  that  is  to  fay,  with 

*  the  fame  Refervation,  which  was  verbally  de- 

*  nred  by  them  in  ihefe  Words,  adiUndo^  minufndc,       • 

*  et  intnprttando ;    and,    with  that  Refervation 

*  which  is  contained  in  the  latter  Chufc  of  their 

*  Memorial,  ws.  That  the  Exttnt  cfeveiy  Jnicie^ 

*  that  h  drfind  fsr  the  Good  of  the  Commons y  in 
'  this  great  ContraSi  with  his  MaUflyy  fomld  be  eX' 

*  p{fUmiti  end  cxf^ained  in  all  Caujes  dsiibtful,  bjt 
'  the  LsrJs  of  the  Higher  Unnje^  jsr  the  Gsod  df 
'  fni  Mjjefly  and  ibcmjclvaJ' 

In  this  Situation  did  this  Grand  Aflfair,  between 
the  King  and  People,  Hand  at  the  End  of  the  lift 


A  64    7 be  Turl'iatnentary  Hi  story 

4ft.S.  Jwneal.Seflion;  and,  by  the  Demand  of  the  Subjedl  ajid 
'- "'       the  Monarch's  Anfwcr,  it  feemed  as  if  a  Coniradt 
might  hive  beenconclucicd  at  ihcir  nextMet-ting- 

The  Commons,  in  ibis  lall  Seffion,  had  barreled 

long  for  180, oco  1.  per  Annum  to  be  paid  the  King 

for  thefe  Liberies ;  and  ai  islt  Came  up  10  the 

Price  demanded  {200,000 1. J  hut  it  wasalj  to  no 

The  PariiuneBtEffe*^.— 1  he  fame  Parlianieni  met  again  on  ihej 

jrwxt,  after  1*10- 1 6th  Day  of  Oliohr^  ilic  lime  Jimiicd  by  the  laft  ' 

wsarwo.  Proroganon  i  which  was  Ail!  in  the cightli  Year  j 

of  this  Kmg^  or  Jnna  1610. 

We  have  now  no  other  Authority  to  go  by,  j 
for  the  Proceedings  of  the  cnfuing  SclTion,  than 
the  Lordi  Journaliy  thofe  of  the  Common >  being 
loft;  And  it  was   fome  D;tys  aficr  the  Meeting, 
on  the  29dof  Oilober^  ;hc  Bufincfs  of  the 
Great  Contract  was  rduDied  by  the  Lords;  who, 
as  their  Jmrmh  QXprcli  it,  ihoi^bt  good  to  begin 
with  the  grenteft  and  moll  Weighty  Matter  now 
ilepending  in  Dclibcr^iiion  j  concerning,   as  weU  1 
Henurei^  with  their  Depend.uiis»  as  Purviyors  ant} 
other  Things;  in  the  Stale  that  Aftair   was  left 
at  the  breaking-up  of  liie  laftSefiiun.    Their  LorJ- 
fliips  agreed  to  fend  a  MelTage  to  the  Commons 
to  defire  a  Conference,  by  Committee:;  of  both 
Houfes,  in  oaler  to  bring  this  weighty  Bufmers 
to  a  happy  Conclulion.     Anfvvcr  was  returned  by 
the  Commons,  that  they  accepted  of  the  Lords 
Propolal :  Ot'/ai'^r  theTweniy-fifth  wasappointcd 
for  that  Purpoie.     Afterwards,  on  the  Lord  Chan- 
f       ccllor's  Motion,  it  was  ordered  That  all  the  Lords 
then  in  Town,  and  not  prefent,  (hould  be  warned 
and  required  by  the  Houfe,  to  give  thtir  per.'bnal 
Attendance,  on  that  D;iy  at  the  Hour  tixed,  which 
was  between  Nine  and  Ten  in  the  Morning. 
And  proceod  ro      ^'  ^^^  Time  appoint<?d,  there  appeared  in  ihe 
roaftder  the       Houfe   according    10  the  Lift,    cltrven    Biftiops, 
Cij-i  Coutrafv  (welvc  Kaiis,   one  Vifcount»  twenty-five  Barons, 
iuf«^*i/tr     ''"The  firlV  Thing  ihey  d  d  w:is  to  nzme  a  Cummit- 
tcc  :  Next,  was  read,  openlv,  the  JlIerTianii!,  con- 
cerning the  Great  Contrad,  as  it  was  given  in  ih« 
1^(1  Sellion,  by  Dirc<^ion  of  the  Cords  -,  as,  alfo^ 

L »^ 

the  other  Memorial^  which  was  delivered  at  the  An.S.  Jimeii, 
En*i  of  the  lail  Seffion  by  the  Committee  of  the  **'"■ 
Commons,  Then  the  Lord  Chancellor  put  the 
Lords  in  mind  of  the  State  of  the  BulinefJs  con- 
cerning the  faid  Contract ;  and  moved  that  their 
LordOnps  would  now  give  iheir  Advice  what  fhould 
be  fpokeri,  ihat  Afteinoon,  rotheCommUtee  of  the 
other  Houfc,  touching  the  Premiilcs,  and  by  whom 
the  fame  fhall  be  delivered.  And,  becjufe  this 
Matter  is  of  fuch  great  Moment,  his  LordQiip 
wiihed  the  Debate  ihereot  might  bR  by  way  of 
Jnlcrloculion  ;  to  that  Purpose  the  Houfe  to  be 
adjourned,  and  the  Lords  to  (it  as  in  a  Committee  j 
which  was  generally  approved  and  agreed  to. 

After  a  fhort  Adjournment,  the  Houfe  of  Lords 
met  again,  on  the  30th.  Wlicn  their  Lurdlliips 
were  informed  by  the  Lord  Chancellor,  Thac 
Robert  BomsTy  Clerk  of  ParliamLint,  had  lately 
received,  from  the  Undcr-Clcrk  to  the  Commons, 
a  Lcuer,  daicd  OClcher  the  17th  in  thefe  Words  : 


IAM^  by  Order  of  the  Commons  Hsufe  ofParVta" 
mtnt^  dirtifedta  repair  nnloyou^  and  to  defire  of 
you  a  true  Cof^  sf  his  Majeflys  Jnfwer  to  the  Grie- 
vances of  the  Subject^  prejentei  the  ia(l  Sejpon  of 
ParUament :  As  well  the  Anjwers  to  thf  Jirfl  Four^ 
4Bncern:ni  Mutter  of  Proft,  as  the  refl  cmcertting 
Matter  cf  Gcvemmc'J,  anfwered  the  lajl  Ddy. 
7h4  Order  is^  that  you  are  tofuhferibe  your  Hajid 
unt9  ity  and  to  mnke  it  ready  before  Monday  Morn' 
hg  next,  at  which  Time  there  will  he  a  (pctial  Oc- 
eajhn  of  Vfefor  it. 

I  am  your  very  allured  Friend, 

^atuday,  0.1.  27,  ^^    EVANS, 


The  Chancellor  added,  That  the  faid  Clerk,  in 
Rerpetft  of  his  Duly  to  this  Houfc,  had  lorbcm 
to  (atisfy  the  Consents  of  the  faid  Lefer;  and  had 
gply  rciurncd  for  Anfwer,  Ihat,  tA  himfelf*  he 

*  ha4 

ii66    ThcTarliamentary  HisTORT 

An.  B.  Uoott  I.  had  no  Power,  or  Auihority,  to  make  forth,  or 
*"*'       deliver  Copies  of  that  Nature  i  but,  at  the  next 
Sitting  of  the  Lords,    he   would  acquaint   their 
Lordftips  with  the  faid  Lerier,  and  then  be  ready 
to  Ao  what  they  iliould  command  him. 

This  Anfwcrwa^!  approved  by  the  Lords;  who, 
having  confidcred  of  the  Matter,  '  Thought  it 
both  fit  and  reafonablc  that  the  Copy  defired 
fhould  be  fcnr,  authcntiquely,  to  ihc  Lower 
Houfes  becaufe  the  Matter  andSubftance  there- 
of equally  concerned  both  Houfes  i  and  was 
originjily  intended  by  his  Majcfty  to  be  imparted 
to  all  his  loving  Subjedls  without  Diftinihion.* 
BuE,  their  Lordfliips  did  not  approve  of  this  Man- 
ner of  Demand  ;  whicli  fhould  have  been  by 
Motion  to  themfelvcs,  and  not  by  a  Letter  from 
an  Under-Clerk  lo  the  Clerk  of  this  Houfe,  or  by 
any  Juch  Order  or  Dire<aion  as  above.  Notwiih- 
ilanding  this,  as.their  Wifdoms  thought  It  not  con- 
venient, that,  /or  this  Caufe,  the  weighty  Bufi- 
nef$  of  this  Great  Coniradt:  with  his  Majefiy,  be- 
JDg  now  in  Treaty,  and  for  which  thisSeflion  of 
Parliament  was  chiefly  held,  fliould  any  Way  be 
in  Danger  to  fuffer  Interruption,  Impediment,  or 
Delay  ;  it  was  agreed  to  by  all  the  Lords  and  or- 
dered, *  Thai  ilie  Clerk  of  this  Houfe  fhould,  by 
Leave  of  the  Huufc,  ffnd  to  the  bidClciJc  attend- 
ing the  Commons  tlie  Copy  defired,  under  bis 
Hind,  with  an  Aufwer  lo  this  Purpofc:' 

TJPONRicdpt  of  ycur  letter ^  I  bove  this 
^-^  In/},  yjth  cf  October,  acqua'wied  my  terels 
of  the  ffigker  Hcufe  ef  Parliament  tberewitkah 
tfOjireupGtt^  their  Lt>r4^ipi  are  well  pUafed  and  con- 
tent that  JJbcUjend  pUy  under  my  Hund^  that  whieh 
is  defiredy  whitb  herewithdi you  receive  actordingly. 

I  reft  your  aflurcd  loving  Friend, 

Ko.    BOWYER- 



Bur,  an  Entry  was  ordered  to  be  made  in  the  An.  s.  jamci  L 
ysurnaly  with  fpecul  Caution  and  Provifton,  That  ^^^^' 
this  Paniculir  be  not  at  any  Time  drawn  or  ufed 
as  a  Precedent ;  but,  that  in  all  CaTes  of  like  Na- 
ture, hereafter  happcning>  due  Courfe  and  Care 
fliould  be  oblerved  for  prcferving  the  Honour,  Dig 
nity  and  Privilege  of  that  Houfe. 

This  Condefccnfion  of  the  Lords  to  the  Com- 
mons had  not  the  wiflicd-for  Effefl  i  for  tho'  the 
Conferences  began  again  between  the  two  Hcufes, 
about  the  Grand  Contrafl,  yet  they  came  to  no 
Conclufion.  The  Journah  give  no  Account  of 
any  Report  made  from  thcfe  Committees,  relating 
to  that  Affair ;  and  on  the  6th  Day  of  Decfmbrr^ 
after  two  fhort  Adjournments,  the  Parliament  was 
prorogued  by  Commiifion,  to  the  9th  of  Ftbruary 
cnfuing.  And,  on  that  Day,  the  bard  Chancellor 
produced  another  Commiflion,  from  the  KingjWhK-hisrenaer. 
direftcd  to  himfelf  and  fome  other  Lords,  by  which  e^  abcrcm  by 
he  declared  this  Parliament   to    be  finally   dif- J^jf"^,^. 

folved.  tnsnt. 

It  is  eafy  to  fee,  by  the  Abruptnefs  of  thcfe 
Proceedings,  that  the  King  and  his  Parliament 
parted  in  no  goodHumour  with  one  another;  but, 
fmcc  the  Jaurna/s  arc  fjleni,  as  to  that  Matter, 
we  muft  have  Recourfe  lo  ihc  Hiftory  of  the 
Times  for  an  Explanation.  The  particular  Hif- 
torian  of  this  Reign,  and  a  very  particular  one  he 
is,  has  opened  fomewhat  rchting  to  this  Affair  ; 
To  give  ihe  Reader  feme  Tafte,  both  of  hisRcmarka  thaw- 
Language  and  Pulitii-s,  We  ihall  extraft  one  Para-  <">* 
graph  from  that  Work,  wherein,  the  who!c  Pro- 
teeJings  of  liiis  laft  SclTion  are  included.  He  lells 
us,  '  That,  on  the  Meeting  of"  this  ScHion  of  Par- 
liament, the  Members  were  willing  to  fecurc  their 
Allegiance  to  the  King,  out  of  Piety  j  yet,  they 
WCK  fo  rtrideven  in  thcfe  youthful  Days,  which 
he  called  Obftinacy,  that  they  would  not  obey 
him  in  hl^  Encroachments  upon  the  public  Liber- 
ty, which  he  began  then  to  praiftice.  For  being 
now  fealoned  with  fcvcn  Years  Knowledge  in  his 
FrofdJjon  here,  he  thought  he  migbt  fct  up  for 


a68     The  ^arltamentary  Histort 

An.  %■  J"mnl.|jimfelfi  and  not  beftill  Journeyman  to  the  lavifli 
itiio.  Tongues  of  Men,  that  prycd  too  narrowly  into 
the  Secrets  of  his  Prerogative,  which  are  Myfteries 
too  high  for  ihcm,  being  Anana  Jmpcrii,  fitter  to 
be  admired  than  queftioned.  But,  the  Parliament 
were  apprehenfivc  enough,  that  thefe  hidden  My- 
fteries made  many  dark  Steps  into  the  People's  Li- 
beities;  and  they  were  willing,  by  the  Light  of 
I<aw  and  Reafon.  to  difcover  what  wssthc  King's, 
what  iheira :  Which  the  King,  unwilling  to  have 
feaichcd  intOj  afier  five  Seliions,  in  iix  Vears 
Tim*;,  dillblved  the  Patliimcnt  by  Proclama- 
tion/ (z) 

Our  Hifloriin  has  thought  proper- lo  mention 
this  Proclamalrnn,  only,  without  Riving  us  a 
Copy  of  it :  Bur  we  nic  beholden  lo  the  Cot* 
tiuuator  of  Stoivc'i  Cbrmd^t  for  a  genuine  Tran- 
(cript  of  this  Art  of  Stare,  which  will  fall  very 
aptly  in  this  Place  ;  and  therefoi-c  we  give  it  in  its 
own  Dirtion  and  Orrhography. 


Here  AS  the  Kifig'svtofi  exalkut  Majtftie 

hath  ioniinvti  thhF&riicment  together^kng" 

er  than  hath  bin  ufual^  or  might  will  have  fto^d  either 

'with  hii  ii/ip3rfi7unt  AJfatra  of  States  er  with  the 

fubliih  Bvfmefi  sf  three  zihole  lermes  (pent  in  thi 

tws  kjt  Sejponi ;  cr  with  the  Occiifiem  of  the  Ccun- 

l^J^Sll^^^l^y^.^^-^^^^^^  //^/^/^to  cf  mcnj 

fMitnhe»'!'(cnsPerJonj  6/  ^inhtie  bath  heem  m^JJiRgy  and  divers 
of  ihw  ^ii^^^a-' Shires,  Ctti£Sy  atid  Burrottgh  lowrtei  have  heent 
two.  kvrdened  with  Aikivames  made  to  th^  Knights  and 

I  Burgejfes  whom  they  implcyed  \  befides  the  particuiar 

^K  Expenje  tf  the  Ncbihtie  and  others  attending  thnt 

^H  Sefvite.     And  all  this  in  ExpeSfjtian  of  a  good  Con- 

^^r*  {hjftan  of  forne  cf  thofe  weighty  Caufes,  which  have 

^B  been  there  in  Delikratisriy  not  only  for  the  Supply  of 

^^t  the  Ntcejfjtiis  cf  his  Majejiies  Ejlate^  tut  fsr  the 

^^^K  Eiife  Old  Fteedcm  of  hii  SubjtLiei^  in  many  Things 

^^^^B  f'^P^f'^  h  ^'^  Majeily  in'nt^  far  diff^eH'tg 

^^^^H  •    and  furp<:ffutg   the  Piwors  a>J  Graces  of  former 

^^^H  *TimeSi  ifoth  in  future  end  lvalue.    His  Majejiy 

.Of   ENGLAND.      26^ 

hatk  new  refihed  (for  preuintlng  (fjurther  7roubU  An.  S.  jamwU 
of  all  thofe  that  wmld  prepare  themftlva  to  be  here  ^^^^-^ 
againji  the  Time  limited  by  the  laft  Prorogation)  to 
ateiare  by  theje  Frefenis  that  they  fhall  not  need  to 
give  their  ^ttendame  at  the  Day  app^nted,  Jer  any 
SsrviiS  to  be  dene  as  Members  of  this  Parliament ; 
leeauje  bis  MaJeJIy  (for  many  good  Confiderations 
known  to  himfeife)  hatb  nffw  determined  to  dxjjolve 

\ihn  Pariamait^  by  his  Commijftm  Under  his  Great 

\SeQl  of  Kngiand. 

Dated,  at  Whuehail,3»/^  of  Dec,   1610. 

There  was  alio,  fome  olhcr  Buftnefs,  bcfidcs  the 
Great  Conirafl,  begun  in  this  laft  fhort  Seflion  of 
Parliament  j  and  fomc  of  it  of  publick  UJ*e  and 

A  Bill  was  brought  in  for  the  hetier  Preferva- 
tion  and  locreafe  of  Wood  and  Timber.  Ano- 
ther- againft  Tranrporlalion  of  Iron-Ordnance, 
Gun- Metal,  Iron-Oar,  Iron-Mine,  and  Iron- 
Shot.  A  Bill  for  the  Ereftion  ot  Common-Brew- ,,^£j,^y^ 
houles  in  certain  Places  needing  the  lame,  where- 
by the  Subjects  may  be  much  ealed,  m  point  of 
Carriages,  at  the  Times  of  hisMajefty's  Progrefs  j 
and  Drunkennefs  tlie  hcllcr  lupprelVed.  A  Bill  to 
avoid  Suits  and  Queftions  touching  Wills  of  Land. 
And  a  Bill  for  the  enabling  and  making  good  of 
Lcafes  and  Grants  to  be  made  by  the  Pnnce  of 
IValesi  and  for  yielding  of  true  Accounts,  upon 
Oath,  by  his  Higlincfs's  Officers  from  I'lmc  to 
Time.  But,  all  ihtfe,  and,  in  all  Likelihood, 
many  more  that  would  have  enfued,  vcre  pre- 
vented from  taking  Ertedt,  by  the  iudden  DilTolu- 
lion  of  this  Parliament. 

King  Jdmes  and  his  Parliament  parting  in  fuch 
ill  Humour  with  one  another,  wiihout  concluding 
any  Thing,  relating  10  the  Great  Coniraii  be- 
tween them,  the  Royal  Picrogaiive  flood  -as  it  did 
before ;  and  the;z  is  faid,  now,  to  pur  it  in 
Pradicc  10  the  full  Extent  of  his  Power.  Tlie 
Reader  muft  be  his  own  Judae,  by  the  Account 

Aaa»  iSii. 

An  Aid  fbr  the 

170     The  Tarliatnentary  Histort 

already  given,  how  far  the  King's  ConcefGonS 
wcnt»  towards  a  pcrfe(S  Agreement,  in  thefc  Ar- 
ticles, And,  if  the  Parliament,  by  grafping  at  too 
much,  loft' all;  or  were  for  driving  too  hard  a 
Bargain*  about  Things  which  could  not  be  pur- 
chafed  too  dear,  ihcy  ihemfelves  were  to  blame  k> 
lofc  thcMaiket.  It  muft  be  allowed,  by  any  that 
has  read  ihc  Parliamentary  Proceedinga,  in  former 
Reigns,  that  Jafms  gave  greater  Liberty  10  hia 
Subjects  to  fpeak  and  treat  about  fuch  high  Matters, 
than  the  mildell  of  his  Predeccflbrs  ever  did.  (a) 
A  Recallet^tion  of  the  Jealoufies  pradticcd  in  the 
laft  Reign,  only,  will  evince  the  Truth  of  this ;  for 
EUzaieth  never  fuftered  her  Parliamenis  to  touch 
the  leaft  upon  her  Prtregntive,  cither  in  Church 
or  State :  Frifons,  and  fuch  like  PuniOiments,  were 

ihe  Rewards  of  thole  that  dtlcoipted  it But  to 

proceed  : 

King  James  now  began  to  cxercife  the  Regal 
Power  folely  ;  at  ieaft,  let  no  Body  (hare  with 
him  but  a  Sucaffion  of  fingle  Favourites ;  which 
have  ever  been  the  Bane  of  Princes  The  happy 
Situation  the  ECingdom  was  in,  as  10  any  foieign 
or  civil  War,  throughout  the  whole  Courfc  of  his 
Reign,  made  Way  lor  Riches  to  flow  exceedingly  5 
and  thefc,  generally,  brerd  what  they  ought  not 
to  do,  Pridt;,  Coniention  and  Deceit.  There 
were  yet  no  Taxes,  impofed  on  the  Subje^,  any 
Ways  burdenfome ;  the  Grant  of  Su/>/jciies,  Fif- 
teenth and  7en{hsy  during  this  King's  Time,  be- 
ing but  a  poor  Pi  trance,  compared  with  the  li- 
beral Donations  in  the  Reign  of  his  PredeceHbr. 
And  how  he  kept  up  the  great  Sla:e  and  vail  fix- 
pence  of  his  Court,  without  more  Aid,  is  a  Secret 
in  Hiftoiy. 

Some  few   Aflilbnces,   withnur    the  Help  of 

Mafnage   of  lll*r»      i  l      ■  t.  tr  \     ■  , 

pfiaceti    Ei)"- "''"'^''^"•»  ^^'^  obviouB:    I  he  King  claimed  an 

ifrnno  161Z. 

Aid  of  his  Subjects,  accordir.g  to  antieot  Cuftomi 
fc;r  the  M.irrmge  of  his  D.ughicr  Eiizaheih^  to 
Freltnck  hk&i^r  Pal:t hit ;  which  wa?  lolemni- 
zcd,  with  great  M^gnihtouce,  Fdru{iry  xha  tj^tb. 


<*)  Sm  beftcc  Page  lyi,  aoJ  in  VoL  IV,  jrs^m. 


ENGLAND.      271 

in  the  Year  i6rj.     But,  the  King's  Joy,  for  this  An.  lo.  Junett. 
Matchj  mufthavc  been  greatly  clouded,  by  the  dire       *^'»- 
Remembrance  of  the  Lofs  of  his  eldeft  Son,  Primre  The  Death  of 
Htnrjy  who  died  Nov,  6lh  prcceeding  ;  a  Prince  Piincc  H«ary. 
wliofe  great  Charat^ter  promifed  very  rauch  to 
the  SuccefBcn.  {b)    At    this  Tiine,    the   King's 
chief  Favourite  and  Counfellor  was  one  Rehirt 
Ci2rr,  n  Stotfman  ;    who,    from  a  low  Original, 
was  firft  tnitrhted,  then  created  Viicount  Rochejifr^ 
and  afterwards  Eail  of  Somer/et.     This  Man  (the 
King's  olJ  and  faithful  Counfellor  Rohert  Ccci}, 
Earl  of  Salisbuf}',  being  dead)  ruled  all  ;  and,  by 
enriching  himfelf  and  impoverifiiing  hs  Mafter, 
foon  brought  him  to  want  Supplies.     But,  how 
to  gain  them,  without  t!>c  Artiftancc  of  Parlia- 
ment* a  Way  they  neither  of  them  liked,  was 
the  Queftion  ? 

upon  to  raife  Money,  was  to  ereil  a  new  Order  soiHifcr'.,  pro- 
of Dignity  and  Worfhip,  called  Banrtets.    Theica>  for  laifing 
Number  of  them  was  to  be  two  Hundred  ;  their  ***"'«y' 
Honour  and  Degree  next  to  Banns  \  the  Title 
that  of  a  Knight,  which  was  to  defcend  to  their  ^'"* '*'3« 
Pofterity  i  and  tor  this  they  were  to  pay  one  thou- 
fand  Pounds  a  Perce.     The  Pretence  for  it  was  to 
plant  Colonies  in  the  North  oUnhndi  for  which, 
the  bloody  Hand,  the  Arms  of  the  Province  of 
Vyter^  was  added,  as  a  Trophy,  to  the  Baror^en 

The  next  Scheme  was  to  raife  the  Price  of  Ertg- 
iijb  coined  Gold  \  which  was  done  by  a  Procla- 
mation, firft  prohibiting  the  Tranfporiing  of  it, 
and  then  raifing  its  Value  two  Shillmgs  in  ihc 
Pound.  So  a  broad  Peice  of  Gold,  cilled  ihe 
Unity^  before  going  for  twenty  Shillings,  was  raiftd 
10  twenty-two  Shillingrs  J  and  all  the  leffer  Gold 
Coins  in  Proportion.  Yet  tlii?,  as  the  Proclamation 
expreflefi  it,  was  no  more  than  what  xhc  EtfgHjh 
Coin  was  valued  al  abroad  ;  which  was  the  Oc- 
cafion  that  fo  much  of  it  was  tranfported.  (e) 


(h)  CifnbilcD'i  Anaah. 

(i)  S«  Conoauaiion  of  A«vr*s  ChrenioU*  Fi|c  911. 


27 a    Ihe  'Farltamantary  HisToar  \»mta\.  There  was  another  Projedl,  which  was  faid  to 
i6ii.  be  gianied  by  his  Majelty^s  fpccial  Favour,  for 
the  PUnting  of  Englijh  Colonies  in  Virginia  ; 
this  was  by  way  of  Lottery^  and,  as  it  is  ihefirft  of 
ihe  Kind  we  have  hitherto  met  with,  defervea 
our  Notice.  The  Bank  of  it  w?.s  but  fniall, 
coniidering  the  great  Value  of  thoic  in  our  own 
The  firft  State- Times  i  there  was  hut  rtve  thoufand  Pounds  af- 
idUery  in  Eng-[jgned  fof  thc  Prizcs,  bclides  fume  Rewards. 
It  began  to  be  drawn  in  a  new  built  Houl'e,  at 
the  Well-End  of  St,  Paui%  Junerhf:  29th,  i6i2i 
but  for  want  of  filling  ihe  Number  of  Lots, 
there  were  taken  out  of  the  Lottery^  and  Jet  afide, 
threefcore  ihouiand  Blanks,  without  abating  one 
Pri7.c.  By  July  the  20th,  all  was  drawn  and 
finilhed;  and,  as  our  Author  fays,  the  Lottery 
was  lb  plainly  and  honeftly  performed,  that  it 
gave  full  Satisfa<ftion  to  every  onej  feveral  wor- 
ftiipful  Knights,  and  Ettiuircs,  and  grave  difcreec 
Citizens  attending  at  the  Drawing.  The  chief 
Prize,  amuunling  to  four  thoufand  Crowns,  ia 
Plate,  was  won  by  Thitnas  S/}arpl;J]  a  Taylor, 
in  Liuhn  ;  to  whole  Houfe  th.e  Prize  was  carried, 
with  great  Pomp  and  Solemnity,  (d) 
^  _  Whether  this   !aft  was  a  Trick  of  State,    of 

^' n"  trc^End"  t^e  Miniflers,  to  raife  Money  for  his  own  Uj'c, 
a ns*' pjrjiajaent or  was  rcally  for  Ihe  Purpole  above,  is  uncertain  ^ 
kcalleJ.  however,  it  is  fure  none  of  their  Ways  would 

do,  nor  anl'wer  thc  prelling  Neceflliies  of  Slate ; 
and  therefore  a  P<trliameDt  Wiis  refolved  on  to  be 
called    for     that  Purpole.      Accordingly,  Writs  i 
were  fent  out,  for  one  to  meet  at  IPiftmi/i/Igr.  on 
the  5th  Day  of  A/itJi,  in  the  Year  1614,  and  J 
the  iMh  of  this  Rdgn. 
*«,«D  ™-  ,        The  urualPreiiininariea    at   the  Meeting  of  a 
1614.       new  Parliament  b.-ing  IcitleJ,   fuch  as  admitting, 
At  w«ftminfler.  Proxies,    appouiting    Receivers    and   Tryers"    of , 
Petitions,    dfc.    the   King   cam^   down    to    the 
Houfe  of  Lords,  and  being  fcated  on  the  Throne,  A 
thought  proper  to  make  the  Ibllowing  Speech  to. 
both  Houfes  of  Parliament. 


(i)  Sirm  Pige  91s. 

Whick  not  an- 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      273 

This  Speech  is  in  no  printed  Hiftory,  nor  Col-  ao.  n.  Jameii. 
Icflion  thai  we  know  of  i  we  therefore  give  it  In        *6»4- 
its  own  Otthcgrj^hyj   from  a  Manufcript  in  the 
Cotton-Library,  {e) 


T  is  the  Sayeing  of  the  wyfefte  King  that  The  King's 

ng  ihc  SdlioQ. 

^     cverc  wa*,  that  the  Ihrd  sf  Ki/jgs'weare^P'"}'  V.?'"- 

Tnfirutabk  ;  but  in  the  lalle  Parleamenie,  I  mufte 

callc  to  your  Remembrance  the  Comparifone  I 

ufed,  whearin  I  prerenlcd  myfelfc  unto  you  as  a 

Mirrore,   whearin  you  mtghte  cleerelye  fee  the 

Intcgrelye  of  my  Purpos  for  our  Icngiheninjc 

that  Paileamente  for  ihe  generall  Good  and  Be- 

nefytc  of  the  Commonwclthci  but  as  I  then 

fayd  of  ihc  Nature  of  a  Mirrore,  iha:  it  mighle 

be  deffykd  by  the  Eyes  of  the  Bchoulderes,   fo 

did  ibine  of  the  Lowere  Houfe  looke  uppon  me 

with  polutcd  Eyes,  and  as  I  xnxy  fayc,  delFylcd 

my  Mirrore;    I  canne  faye  no  more  nowe  then 

I  did  then,  but  to  offerc  you  tlie  lame  Mirrore, 

to  [looke  to]  proteftyng  a*  I  {hall  anfwere  it  to 

Almyghty  Gad,   thai  my  Inlcgrctye  is  like  the 

Wbilnca  of  my  Roabe,    my  Purety  like  the 

Mettle  of  GoUe  in  ray  Crowne,   my  Firmiics 

and  Clearnrs  like  the  prelious  Stones  I  weare, 

and  my  Airck:lyones  iiaturalle  Ithc  the  Rednes  of 

my  Harte. 

*  Three  impoitant  and  weighty  Ends  have  cau-* 
fed  me  to  cr,ule  this  prefcnc  Affcmbly  of  the 
Lords  Spiritual  an'i  Temporally  the  Knights 
and  Burgefes  reprefentynge  the  Bodye  of  my 
Comones,  which  I  mufte  divide  into  three  Parts 
and  Branches,  Bona  ^nima^  Bona  drporis,  ttf 
Bona  For.'unSy  Relygeon,  Safety,  and  the  Afyf- 
tance  of  my  Subjefts,  which  are  the  true  Groundl 
of  this  and  all  well-intended  Parleamenis^ 

*  For  Relygione,  which  the  Philolbphcrcs,  with 
the  glymering  Lighte  of  Nature,  caled  Bfva 
Jnimay  I  muftccomcnd  to  your  Conlidurjfone», 
the  great  Increale  of  Popirie-^  notwitbllandinge 
the  affiduous  I/3bore  I  have  beftowed,  and  th? 
greate  Care  1  have  ever  manifested,  as  may  wit- 

VoL.  V.  S  *  nefir 

(e)  M.  T4TUS.  F.  4. 

174    T^^^  "^Parliamentary  Histort 

Afcia-jaaiMi.'  neliboth  my  Pennc  and  Tonge,  I  think,  with 
X614.        *  moare  Paynes  than  any  of  my  Predeceflbre»i 

*  and  for  my  Zeal  in  private,  not  to  vant  of  it, 

*  for  avoydinge  vayne  Glorye,  yet  I  hope  all  my 

*  Courfe  of  Life  and  A6tyones  will  fpeake  for 
{  me. 

*  In  this  is  to  be  coniidered  the  Caufo  and  the 

*  Remedyej  for  the  Caufe,  it  is  undoubtedlyc  Im- 

*  punlte  which  made  them  prefume  to  fo  notory- 
'  ous  Declarafones  of  their  Increafe,  and  their  Imt 

*  punitie  proceedethe  from  two  Reafones:   Firfti 
'  Some  Brainches  of  the  Lawes  made  to  meet 

*  with  them  are  fo  obfcure,  that  I  my^lf,  with 

*  Conference  with  my  Lords  the  Judges,  cannot 
'  cleere  them  ;  as  I  could  inftance  in  many  Parti- 

*  culers,  that  this  Time  wearc  fite  for  it,  as  la 

*  the  Oathe  of  Alleageance,  to  which  many  Scra- 

*  pies  have  riflen,  and  are  yet  unrefolvcde. 

*  Secondlye,  For  Want  of  due  Prefentmeot  in 

*  the  Conireye  by  the  Offyceres  appoynted  to  it, 

*  according  to  the  Provifyone  of  the  La  we;   and 

*  in  feme  Places  when  prefented,   yet  they  are  fo 

*  favored  by  the  Juftices  of  Peace,  that  as  a  Lieu- 
'  tenante  of  myne  in  one  Conireye  hath  inform'd 

*  me,  he  could  not  procure  three  of  the  Peace, 

*  excepte  feme  of  hisowne  Frendsand  Servants, 

*  that  woulde  afljfte  him  in  the  due  Execulhone 

*  of  my  Lawes.     And  this  in  the  iirft  Place,  I 

*  comend  to  your  Confiderafones. 

*  Not  that  I  dcfire  to  make  any  newe  or  more 

*  rigoroufc  Lnwts  againfte  them;  but  that  thefe 
'  may  have  Exccufhone,  which  is  the  Life  of  the 

*  Lawe,  and  without  it  they  are  but  deade  Words. 

*  I  ^ake  this  not  for  my  Favore  to  them,  but 

*  for  Confyenfe  and  Pollefye. 

*  For  Confyenfe,   to  avoydc  the  Scandaltes 

*  which  the  Jefuites  liave  ever  cafte  uppon  the 

*  late  Queene  of  famos  Memory,   and  uppon  my 

*  Goviemmentf ,  that  we  have  pcrfecuted  and  ta- 
'  ken  Bloode  for  Relygconc,  which  I  have  evcre 

*  difctayroed* 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      27s 

'  For  Pollcfye,  finfe  no  State  "o*"  Slorye  cane^^  ,j  f,^^|^ 

cvhlenfc  that  any  Rclygcone  or  Herefye  was     '  1614. 

evcre  exterpated  by  Vioknfe  or  Ihc  SwoardCi 

nor  have  I  evere  judged  it  a  Waye  of  Plamyng 

Truthc.     An  Example  of  this  I  lake  ou[  oi  the 

Booke  of  Jobc  (f),  whearc  when  many  rigo- 

roufe  Obunlels  wearc  propounded,  Gamalitl  ftcod 

upe  and  advifed  ihat,   If  that  ReUgicn  v;edrg6f 

Gody  it  weld  pro/pen ;  1/  that  ef  many  it  wold 

pit  i/he  &f  itfilfe -y    befydc  Mene  arc  fo  prone  to 

'  gloryeindefcndingeand  i'ealinge  theirOppinyonea 
with,  their  Bloodc,  that  the  Primityvc  Chitchej 
in  one  Ae;e,  declyned  into  an  Affedhfhon  of 
Mariirdcme.  And  many  Herefycs  hathe  had  his 
Mitrtires  that  hathc  gone  with  the  fame  Alacrctye, 
and  Dcfyre,  and  Aflurance,  to  rl^  Fyrc,  as  ihofa 

'  that  have  wttncfled  for  the  Truthe  have  done. 

*  The  fecond  and  nearcfte  Confyderafon,  to 
'  theSoule,  Relygcon,  is  the  Safty  or  Banum  Car' 

*  psris^  which  Lattyne  hatbc  but  one  Worde  Salus* 

*  The  principall  Safetye  of  this  Bodye  confyftes  in 
'  the  Prcfervatione  of  the  King  and  his  lH lie,  and 
'  this  in  preifcrving  a  due  Succeflyone. 

*  Since  the  lafte  Parleamenie,  God,  for  my 
'  Synnes  and  the  Peoples,  haih  takenc  awayc  on« 
'  and  the  firft  Biaiiich  theaiof,  but  as  he  gave  me 
'  the  Afflyftyones  of  Joh^  fo  hathe  he  gcvene  me 

*  the  Patyenfc,  and  in  the  end  theRewardc,  ano- 
'  tber  for  him,  a  Grand-child  in  his  Plafe,  oncly 
'  the  Sayeng  of  Jobe  inverted.  The  Lords  hatbi 

*  geverit  ana  ihe  Urdt  hathi  taitne^  I  may  lay, 
'  The  Lordt  hath  takeney  and  the  Larde  hathe  ge- 
'  Vir«,  yea,  he  hath  gevcn  me  Com  pen  la  ty  one, 
'  fidem  Gitiere,  a  Sonne  for  a  Sonne. 

*  For  the  Maui.e  of  my  Daughter,  though  I 

*  muft  faye,thatbel)des  his  many  other  good  Qua- 

*  liy'cs»  he  is  one  whom  for  his  Perfonc  I  could 

*  afTerte,  of  all  that  evere  myne  Eyes  beheld; 
'  yet,  I  made  this  Matche  only  Reipubiicte  Gaujai 
'  and  for  Kllabliihemente  ot  Religion  and  the 
'  Comone-Welihs  have  1  facrcfyfcd  my  Daughter. 

S  2  '  For 

Cfi  Sk  rnf.— Bst  thii  riffage  ii  b  the  AAl  of  tbc  Ajpoftb*. 

iy6    The  Parliamentary  History 

Jin,  11.  Uttuth  *  ^^^  '^®  Comone-Wclthe,  that  if  rtiy  Iflue 

1614.       '  Male  (bulde  faile,  you  could  have  not  only  Phn- 

■  fes  borne  of  true  Englijbe  and  Scotts  Bloode*  but 

*  norifhcdewith  thcMylkeof  the  fame  pure  Re- 

*  lygeone  you  now  prcffefic. 

*  For  Relygeone,  in  fomc  refpeft  for  her,  that 

*  being  younge  and  a  Woman,    bothe  iobjcdle  to 

*  Frailtye,   I  wold  not  delyver  hir  into  the  Hande 

*  of  the  Lyon,  when  I  fee  fo  many  ftrong  and 
'  grounded  Champyones  cannot  refifte  the  Cun.- 

*  ning  and  Spetioufnes  of  their  Perfwafyones. 

*  Befyde  the  Reafone  of  State  takene  from  the 

*  Mouthe  of  /fc«rj'^  Vllth.  my  Anccftore,  from 
'  whome  I  clayme  my  Ctowne,  when  he  gave 
'  my  Great-Grand- Mother  the  Lady  Marga^ 
'  rate  to  King  James  IVth.  he  fayd,  Heare  was 

*  no  Danger  in  the  Matche^  for  that  the  Leffen 
*■  wold  never  drawe  the  Greater^   but  the  Greater 

*  the  Lejfe ;  and  this  Rulle  was  approved  by  the 
'  Providence  of  God,  who  gave  no  I0ue  to  the 
'  two  Marys,  my  Mother,  {g)  and  Mary  of  Eng- 

*  lande^  Heires  of  his  Crowne,  and  marryed  to 
'  Frame  and  Spoyne  two  mightye  Kbgdomes. 

'  Theaifcre,  \  defy  re  you  to  fhewe  your  Affec- 

*  lyones  to  my  Sonne  in  Lawe,  by  fome  Recog- 
'  nifhone,  that  he  may  fee  hee  is  not  hdde  as  an 

*  Aliene  and  unregarded  among  you,  and  to  make 

*  a  Declarafhon  of  the  Succesfhone  of  his.Iflixe, 

*  if  God    for  our  Synnes  wuuld  take  away  my 

*  Iflue  Male. 

'  To  the  third  Pointe,  which  is  Bona  Fortvnttt 
'  as  the  Safety  or  Beniim  Corporis  is  the  EJJe,  fo  it 
'.  this  the  Bene-Effe  and  mode  necefl'arye  10  it. 

*  The  extraordinary  Charge  I  was  at  in  this 

*  Mariage,  fuche  as  I  beleeve  was  nevere  greatere, 

*  which  I  did  performe  in  the  Eyes  of  you  all,  for  - 

*  my  Honor  and  yours  is  not  unknownc,  howeby 

*  the  Ueathe  of  my  Sonne,  the  Mariage  being  pot 

*  of,  I  was  conftrayned  to  defraye  my  Sonne  ia 

*  Lawe  and  his  Trayne  fix  Monthes. 

*  Tht 

(t)  Ailndins  to  fail  Mother's  inving  QO  Iflitt  by  her  Art  Hif* 
huHFrMMi't  II,  Ktn|  of  Fraau, 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D,      277 

*  Tbc  greate  Expenfe  botheb/Sea  and  LandeAa.  i».  Junes L* 

*  .for  traolportyng  hir  into  a  farre  Contraye,  an-       *^*** 

*  fwerable  to  my  Honore  and  Hirs,  and  this 
'  Kingdomes*  cannot  be  forgotten  by  you.  Vet 
'  if  any  objefte  the  Aydes,  I  rei'erre  ii  to  youre 
'  Con fy deraflion 5  and  Judgment,  howe  lytic  it  iSy 
'  mefurcd  by  the  Tyoies  whearin  it  was  firfte 
^  granted  and  by  this ;  every  one  of  you  feileth  it 

*  in  your  Fees  of  Courre  that  are  my  Servants, 
'  and  m  anntytnic  Rente  this  Change  of  Tymes. 

*  Therefore,  finfe  ReipublUtc  Cavfa^  I  have  under- 

*  gone  this  Difburt'eniEnt,  it  is  the  Commonc- 

*  Welth*s  Jnterefte  lo  rqjalre  it. 

*  Bel'ydes  many  greatcOcCiifyones  of  Expenfe, 
'  by  Emeriainemenie  of  foiraine  Princes  and  Am- 

*  bafladors,    llie  greate  and  large  Chnjimajjei  I 

*  have  kept  at  my  Comyng  to  the  Crov?ne,  the 

*  Fcarc  oi  Ireland^  and  the  Confyderjflione  of  that 

*  Newes  bothe  of  Peace  and  Ware  are  many ;  I 

*  double  not  but  your  Affc^tlyones  will"  holde  ibme 

*  Proporfyone  with  my  Wanre. 
'  But  I  mufte  be  playtiewith  you,  I  will  deale 

*  no  moare  with  you  hke  a  M-irchante,   by  wayc 

*  of   Excliangei    for   every   Bargaine  cheie   the 

*  Lone.     I  will  expect  loving  Cuntribufhone  for 

*  loving  Retribufhone,  which  is,  ^uum  (uique  tri- 
'  hutTty  the  Sume  of  all  Juftycci  and  to  take  care 
'  bothe  for  your  Eafe  anJ  Preiervafone. 

'  To  come   to  accompre  with  you  how  and 
'  what,  it  is  too  bale  for  my  Qualletye ;  I  wUl 

*  only  pTOovc  what  you  will  doe  in  your  Love, 

*  and  what  the  People  can  fpare  with  iheir  Eafej 

*  and  noiwirh landing  my  many  Straights,  I  have 
'  cholene  to  rclyc  on  your  good  Aflcdyones  ra- 

*  thcr  than  to  fticche  my  Prerogatyvei. 
'  But  firft,  I  mufte  cleare  Come  Rumores  and 

*  Afpcifyoncs    cafte  abroade  bv  ill  AfFectyones, 

*  that  iieare  are  fomc  private  Undertakers  uppoa 

*  whome  I  dide  fclye,  who  with  their  Crediie  or 
'  indufterye,    wolde  doe  create  Matters;     Kirft, 

*  As  I  protrrtc  ii  h  in  iilclfe  faltc,  lb  is  it  unwor- 

*  tJiie  of  me,  bccaufe  I  liad  rather  have  any  thing 

S  3  *  witli 

s.y2    The  Tarliamentary  History 

.M.jamesl.*  with  gcnerall  Love,  moare  refpeOyng  the  Source 
1614.        *  and  Affe^tyon  from  wheiKc  it  is  derived,  then 
'  any  Proffyie  by  ihem.     This  I  hope  you  will 

*  crediic;  filence  all  the  dilTonirtte  and  tarringe 

*  Stringcs  of  the  Kingdom,    which  ihalf  bringc 

*  you  home  your  Prinfes  Grace  and  Favore.* 

After  the  King  had  ended  his  Speech,  the  Lora 
Chancellor  made  a  fhort  one,  according  ro  the! 
Older  of  the  Hnufc  ;  the  Purport  of  which  was, 
to  fignify  his  Majcfty'a  Pleafurc  to  the  Coramons^^ 
that  they  (hould  retire  to  their  accuftomed  P]acc,j 
and  there,  out  of  ilieir  own  Body,  choole  one,  titi 
and  able,  to  he  their  Speaker,  and  prcfent  hira  to 
the  King  on  Thur/ihy  the  7th  of  yfprif.     Accord-^ 
ingly,  on  that  Day,  the  Commons  ptefentcd  SirJ 

Eir  Randolph      R^mUlpb  Crfue,  Kr.  as  their  Speaker ;  who  was! 

CrtweSftakcr.  introduced  to  the  King  by  Sir  R^i/ph  H^mwasd^  Kt,j 
principal  Secretary  10  his  Mijcfty,  and  Sir  Ju'i 
lius  Cafar^  Kt.  Chancellor  of   the  Exchequer ; 
and,  with  the  ufual  Cercmonie?,  was  allowed. 

The  firft  Tiling  the  Commons  did,  after  this,^ 
was  to  make  an  Order  that  every  Member  of  their*! 
Body  fhould  lake  the  Sacrament  ai  St.  Margartt*^^ 
Church,  JVeJim'tnfltr.  This  was  dons,  feys  an' 
Author,  to  fee  whether  a  Discovery  might 
made  of  thofe  inclined  to  the  Pfj^;^  Religion,  but^ 
DOt  one  refufcd  it-     (g) 

Bill  cwiecrm         ^^^^^  ^'^  ^'^*  ^  ^^  ^^  brought  into  the^ 
Ficdcric^^ouStHoufc  of  Lords,  entiiuled,  '  An   A61  concern- 1 
Pilitioej  Ac.     ing  the  High  and  Mighty  Prince  Fralnic^  Count  1 
Palatine  of  the  RhiNe,  &c.  and   the  High  and 
Mighty  Piincefs  Ei:zakthy  his  Wife,  D-mghter  to^ 
the  King*s  Majefly,  and  their  Illue.'    The  fame. 
Day  the  Lord  Chancellor  delivered  the  King's^ 
Plcafure,  That  a!^  the  Lords,  Members  of  that 
Houfc,  fliould  To  morrow,  by  two  o'Clock  in 
the  Aftetnoon,  aittrnd    his  Mrjefly  at   the  B.m- 
qucung-Huufc  of  the  Court,  there  to  undcrftand 

I- — 

his  further  Plcaftire  and  Direction,  touching  cer-^„,j,j^j,j 
lain  Bufincfs  to  be  treared  on  in  this  ParJiament.         '  lit^, 

Wc  arc  not  told  by  xhtJourn,:ht  what  ihc  King 
faid  at  this  Meeting  ;  nor,  like  the  former  Speech 
from  the  Throne,  Is  it  mention'd  by  any  Hlftorian, 
or  even  printed  in  this  King's  Works.  We  are, 
therefore,  obliged  to  the  bctorc-rited  great  Repofi- 
tory  of  Antiquiiics,  for  this  Speech,  alibi  which, 
by  the  Favour  of  the  candid  Mr.  Cojicy^  the  pre- 
fent  Librarian,  is  tranfcribed  from  a  Manuscript, 
as  old  as  the  Time,  and  in  its  own  Orthgrapby. 

*  ACCORDING  10  my  Pramys,  I  «*ill  make 

*  l\     yt>u  i^i^t  Prcfente  I  mentioned  the  other  ^'^^  j^S  %<, 

*  Day  at  our  lafte  Meeting;  but,  firft,  I  mufteihePjriiamcnt. 
•'make  a  Rc-queile,  that  confernynge  which  lof- 

*  fer,  you  will  looke  ijppon  the  Affeftyon  of  the 

*  Givcrc,  and  not  the  Vailue  of  the  Gyflc;  efpe- 

*  cyally,  bcrcaufe  it  is  fupported  between  twoe  {o 
■  beutefull  Shuiters,  Sinccritye  and  Love;  forSin- 

*  cerityc  without  Love  may  be  too  coulde,  and 
'  Love    without    Sincerityc    Difllmulafion  \    but 

*  whear  thes  two  are  conjoyned  they  make  a  per- 

*  fc(5^e  Bewtye;    it  is  the  Contynuance  of  that 

*  Mirrore,  which  I  onfe  offered  and  nowe  prcfente 

*  againe,  and  Dimidium  Fafii  qui  bent  ccepit  ha' 

*  bet.    I  have  begune  hotiii  AuJpid'Hy   to  make  it  a 

*  Parleamente  of  Love,  thai  as  the  lafte  begane 

*  with  Difcordc  and  ended   lb,    fo  this  maye  bc- 

*  gine  with  Concorde  and  Love,  and  coniynue 

*  fo. 
•  I  may  offere  ;  it  is  my  Parte  to  be  gratious, 

*  and  yours  retribuiynge.    1  maye  rcfcivc  AfTyft- 

*  ancc  and   you   Eafe,    not   to  me,  but  to  the 

*  Tbinge  which  is  alfo  llie  Goode  of  yourfelvcs, 

*  the  comoncGoodc,  that  wee  doe  mutually  owe 

*  in  Love.     And  1  maye  fjye  with  the  Prophctc, 

*  IVoi  is  ta  kirn  that  ' JhaU  cdjls   DiJ[etify6u ;    if 

*  the  Kinge  ant  Comone-Wealthc  wearecomra- 
'  ry,  Dcvlhone  mighte  enfue,  but  beinge  one  a-i 

*  ihcy  are,  ihis  holey  Emulafion  of  mutual  Goode 
Vfliail  bcgyne  Todaye  one  my  Parte,  and  one 

'  yours 



aSo    7he  Tarliamentary  Histort 

*  yours  hearafiere  ■,  that  the  World  maye  fee  tbff 

*  Love  of  ihe  Kinge  to  his  Subjedtes,  and  your 

*  Love  to  the  Kingc»  and  thear  Ihall  be  no  Emu- 

*  lafyon  but  who  (ball   offere  with   inoite  Af- 

*  fei^yon, 

*  God  is  loved  for  the  Gyfte  he  beftowethe, 
'  and  loves  againe  for  Thankc,  which  is  all  Alar 
'  fane  give,  and  thearforc  in  Scripture  goodeA 
5  are  called  the  Friends  of  God,  bccaulc  they  arc 
^  benevolence  j  and  I  that  am  Kinge  and  in  that 

*  Offyfe  doe  rcprefente  God  that  mufte  gevc, 
^  bcgine  withe  Offyfes  and  Gyftes,  and.  expefle 
'  from  you  a  Chearfullnefs  in  Rctribuflione,  with. 

*  a  greatlull  Hartc,   accordynge  to  a  comone  Pro- 

*  vcrbc  nunye  lymes  ufcd  to  mcc,  by  manyc  of 
5  the  Courtc  10  move  me  to  fome  Suite,  that  they 

*  dide  moarc  relpefte  the  Signefj'caflione  of  my. 
'  Grace  and  Favore  in  luch  a  Marke  of  my  Bc' 
5  nevolence,  than  the  V'allue  of  that  which  was- 

*  dcmaunded;  but  becaufe  I  wolde  not  make  aney. 

*  abrupre  Spcchc  to  you,    I  will  remember  you  of 

*  Comewhate  fpokene  the  lallc  Dave,  to  iWre  you 

*  upp  to  goe  one  to  the  principle  Bufcucfs  with 

*  moare  Alacretyc. 

'  Firfte,  As  I  faye,  a  Jsv^e  Primipiwfi,  to  have, 
'  Care  to  the  grate  Encreafe  of  Pi^erey\  yet  L 
'  wold  not  have  Ptip^Jiei  to  vaunieof  iheair  gooie, 
'  Sccde,  finfe  theair  grcateftc  Conqueftes  are  one. 

*  Weomcneand  ignorantcPerfynci;  they  aflaylle/ 

*  onlie  the  weaker,  and  gete  to  ihem  not  fuche  as 

*  they  wold  but  fuche  as  they  cane,  and  it  is  verey  ' 

*  remarkable,  an  ill  Caufe  is  mofte  vigilente  and 
'  carcfuU  to  deftn']  itlclf ;   yet,  as  I  faye,  not  to 

*  pioceed  to  lowche  Lyfc  or  Lande ;  for,  a^  I  no- 

*  ted,  Ptrleculhone  was  never  a  juftefvcd  Waye 
<  ol  eftablilh'*nge  Relygeon;    but  by  the  Execu- 

*  (hone  of  goode  Lawes,  in  which  Icrtc  my  Lords 

*  ihe  JucVts  w'itnts  for  me,  il  I  do  nu;  iwile  a 

*  Ycare  give  it  ihem  in  Charge,  that  ihey  enquire 

*  of  that  Encreafe  in  chair  Circuiies ;   and  a!fo 

*  twifc  every  Yeare  require  an  Accomptc  of  it; 
Land  lor  fome  Remedy  thearin,  I  delire  you  the 




0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      %^i 

Lords  of  the  Upper  Houfe.  to  confultc  with*"'7i^^' 
the  Judges ;  and  you  of  the  Comones  with  your 
owne  Lawiers. 

•  To  that  I  fpctike  of  the  Oathe  of  Aliegeancc, 
I  imcnded  it  nor  in  the  Lawe,  for  thear  is  no- 
thing in  the  Stibflance  cl  it  hut  every  good  Sab- 
je£te  maye  receave  it  j  but  in  the  Waye  howe  to 
admvncfter  it,  bycaule  Men  maye  keepe  Home 
in  thear  owne  Houfes,  ihear  is  no  Provifhone 
howe  Men  maye  be  cauled  to  it;  it  is  true,  that 
it  is  a  grate  Happynefs  that  Men  may  lyve  in 
Q_iete  undrr  the  Lawe,  every  Man  under  his 
owneOlyvc  and  his  owne  Vine,  but  thisSweet- 
res  DUghie  not  to  extend  to  thofe,  that  make 
that  a  Prorediyon  to  lyve  againfte  Lawe. 
'  For  ihat  which  concerned  my  Sonne  in  Lawe, 
I  ftall  not  need  lo  faye  much,  I  double  not  to 
fyndc  you  redy;  and  the  Bylle,  I  thanks  my 
Lords,  bathe  bine  alredy  rede  and  welk  reccav- 
ed  of  thcm. 

•  For  the  third  Parte,  which  concerned  the 
Relicfe  of  my  Eilale,  I  pray  you  underftand  me 
arightc,  fov  ngh:c  Underftanding  is  the  Effeftof 
true  Elloquence;  I  fpenke  lo  you  the  Knights 
and  Burgelcs  lepretenting,  the  Comones,  bycuufe 
yours  is  tht  i^reateft  Parte  and  you  i'uffcr  mofte, 
that  you  will  conCydcrc  the  Charge  1  was  r.t  in 
the  Marya&e-Poinie. 

•  The  State  uf  Irelande^  which  I  pretend  not 
withoLt  Julie  Caufe,  jet  without  Feare  j  for 
ihoughe  they  cane  nevere  be  reduced  to  To  per- 
fedte  Obedycncc  without  KftabliQimente  of  Re- 
]ygeon,  yel  in  the  lafte  Tryalle  of  thair  Parlea- 
mente,  1  have  found  many  goode  Subjcdlcs 

•  Yetconfyder  that  ihe  Memberes  moil  remov- 
ed from  the  Haric  have  mofte  Neede  of  Sue- 
core  i  they  lye  mofte  obnoxious  to  Harmc,  and 
as  a  Priye  [o  all  Entmyes  of  the  Bodjc;  and 
thoughc  none  of  rayne  Anceftoies  could  ncvere 
be  cauled  (o  abfoluily  a  Kinge  of  that  Contraye 
as  I  maye,  yet  thear  multe  be  a  greate  Care  had 


.  It.  Junes 

2S2     The  Tarltamentary  History 

if  thofc  remorefteParresoff  he  Dominion  which 
have*  alwaycs  byne  Emunttoryes  of  Englande^ 
'  and  whcarin   moare  hathe  byne  fpent  in  one- 

*  Ycare  then  wold,  by  Frugallety,  be  faved  hcare 

*  in  raanye. 

*  r  do  not,  as  I  fayde,  offere  you  lyke  a  Mar- 

*  chsiite  or  CharKuainc,  but  co  lerte  you  Tee  what 

*  I  owe  you  m  Jurtys,  Suum  cuiqut  tvibuti't ;  ytt 
'  what  I  geve,  Free-Grace  will  require  that  you 

*  accepts  wtih  Chearfulnes. 

*  I  demaund  not  this  nor  that,  but  only  the 

*  Ground  of  your  Love,   and  the  Meafurc  of  it 

*  by  the  MeafurC  of  your  Benevolence  ;  but  .vhat 
^  fhal!  be  the  Endc  of  this,  the  Kinge  will  ^rowc 

*  in  [.ove  wiihParleamcnres,  and  fo  be  ever  draw- 
'  inge  and  wearinge  of  his  Siibjedtcs.     I  anfwer, 

*  my  Comforte  fhall  be  onely  to  meeie  you  to 
'  confulie  of  the  comone  Wcallfares,  and  howc  I 

*  may  csfc  you,  and  to  rcceave  your  Grcevances, 

*  for  I  hope  to  fynde  a  Wayc,  by  improoveinge 

*  my  Rcvcncwe  juftely ;  beleeve  me,  I  fhall  be 
'  afhimeL^c  to  demaund  any  moarc  in  ihi^  KynJe, 
'  or  to  be  ever  importunate  j  yea,  as  I  faye,  of  any 

*  private  Men  ;  but  this  as  I  vowe  it  is  farre  from 

*  my  Harte  to  acccpte,  fo  hathe  it  nevere  ^yne 
'■  offered  ;    it  is  true  that  every  honefte  and  goode 

*  Suhje^le  oughte  to  offere  his  Camelles  and  Scr- 
'  vice  unto  mc,  and  foj  perhaps,  I  have  hc;de  the 

*  Oppynyonesof  many,  but  nevere  in  fo  unwor- 

*  ihie  a  Propofytyon. 

*  The  Rumore  perhnps  hatbe  grownc  from  the 

*  ambyfyous  Contenfyon  of  fome  Men,  in  the 
'  Eleityone  of  fome  Knyghte  of   the  Sheercs, 

*  which  I  nevere  herde  of  before  24  Howres; 

*  what  I  wholve  difavowe,  ihat  I  nevere  direfte- 
'  \y  cr  indirc^ely  dide  prompie  or  hinder  anye 

*  Jilan  in  the  free  Eleftyone,  and  wheare  anye 

*  Faulte  have  come  by  me  I  woldehave  iheRezine 

*  fyned  for  it;  nor  dide  I  ever  put  any  Confydence 

*  in  a  p:*rtee  Pur]eumcn:e,  and  of  this  I  appeale 
'  to  all  the  Sberryfes  and  Lordes,  let  them  accufe 

*  me  Ireelye. 

*  Another 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.    TsJ 

*  AnoihcT  Brainchc  I  muft  add  to  the  former  Ag,jt„^^ 

*  Three,  which  indeedc  concernethe  bothe  Saft)'e        16(4. 
*■  and  Ptoffytc,  and  concourcthe  to  thcra  t>otbe ; 

*  that  wee  maye  mceie  Ihis  Parleamente  to  re- 

*  moove  and  take  awaye  a!l  Oppynyone  of  Dri- 
'  ties  betweene  me  and  my  Subjeftes,  which  our 
'  lengthenytige  out  the  Irtftc  h;iEhe  ricftcJ  in  tho 
•■  Harre  of  manye  bothe  at  home  and  abroadc;  of 

*  which  Thoughefomeof  ihcLowercHoufcwcare 

*  in  parte  guilty,  yet  I  mufte  confefe  ifieire  was 

*  Mifunderftandingc  on  boiheSydes,  and  perhaps, 

*  Mefages  broughte  betweene  us  by  fome  (whom 

*  God  fargyve)  rather  10  countyiience  and  en- 

*  creafe  then  to  reconfylle  and  deare  the  Errore; 

*  bur,  Sublota  Caufa  iol/itur  Effeilui-i  this  beinge 

*  removed  and  our  Underrtandyngs  re^lefyede,  I 

*  hope,  this  (hall  be  cauled  a  Parleamcnic  of  Love. 

*  1  will  beg7ne  my  Parleamente  contrary  to  the 

*  Ordere  of  all  other,  who  gave,  lyke  a  Keiribu- 
'  ihyone,  iheire  Graces  in  the  End;    bur,  I  will 

*  b^ine  this  with  OfFeres  to  you,  which  I  fpcaVe 
'  not  to  inlyJe  you  or  intrape  you,   bul  feveralley 

*  to  (hewe  my  Lox'C  and  Inrenfyonc  ro  unhurtlien 

*  you  of  many  Greefes  \  but  1  refarre  the  Pait)'- 

*  culercs  to  be'delyvcred  in  Writyng  at  our  nexc(i 

*  Meerynge. 

*  To  conclude  with  feme  generall  Notes  to  ad- 

*  vance  the  Bulcnes  for  which  wcc  arc  mcttci  I 

*  commend  to  your  Confydcrafons,  the  Tyme  of 

*  the  Ycare  fnrre  Ipente,  the  Waightc  and  Impor- 
'  tatice  of   the  Affaires  compared  with   it^    will 

*  ftyre  you  iipp  to  proceede  rowndlcy,  and  not  to 

*  loofe  Tyme  in  Ccrremonyes  and  Trifles. 
'  Srcondly,  To  rememhere  that  what  Crecvan- 

*  ces  come  into  Qutftyonet  that  ynu  will  ufe  a 
'  Mcane;  I  cnnfels  it  is  more   fyte  you  iliould 

*  prelcntc  them  unto  me,  every  Man  for  his  Con- 

*  rraye  or  Toune  whesre  he  is  burthened,  provi* 
*■  dcd  rhey  be  fyte  Grecvances ;  but  to  iieape  them 

*  together  In  one  Scroule,  lyke  r.n  Armie,  will  but 
^  cafte  AfpcTiyonc  uppon  mc  and  my  Governc- 

'  inentc, 




084    7he  Tarliamentary  Histort 

mente,  and   will  favore  moarc  of  Difcontente 

then  Defyre  of  Reformanioa. 

'  And  do  not  beleeve  I  am  lb  icndere  of  my  Pre- 

*  rogalyve  as  Ibme  have  rumored  me;  I  defyre  lo 

*  keepe  alfo  ihai  Meane,  as  I  wolde  not  loofe  any 

*  ihc  Hororcs  and  Flowercs  of    my   Crowne, 

*  which  I  have  xeceaved  wiih  it,  hut  rather  loofe 
'  my  Lift ,  fo  I  wold  no  waye  ftrciche  ihcm,  not  I 
'  will  wade  no  further  thcarin  ihen  ibe  befte  of 
'  my  Piedece/lbres  have  done. 

*  And  wheara  any  Controverfyes  arife,  my 
'  Lordcs  ihc  Judges  chofene  betwixle  me  and 
'  my  People,  Ihall  dilcide  and  rulle  me. 

*  As  touching  Pi  oclaniaflianes  which  in  the  lafie 
'  Parlcamente  was  excepted  at ;  as  he  is  a  traylc- 

*  lous  Subjedle  that  will  fayc  a  Kinge  raayc  not 
'  protlapme  and  bynd  by  it,    fo  did  I  nevere  in-- 

*  lendc  Pioclamaflioiies  to  have  Force  of  Lawe, 

*  but  10  prevent  Mifgreefe  arrifyng,  whsarin  the 
'  Lav.'c  harhe  no  Prcvifhon,  untyl!  a  Parleamcnle 
'  cane  provide  i  and  this  I  I'peake  becaufe  of  my 

*  lafte  long  Proclamalhone  confernynge  Daellcs, 

*  which  I  protcfte,  I  dide  ojte  of  Confyencc  to 
'  meetewiih  thai  giddy  Opynyoneof  Repuuflion, 

*  feeinge  they  have  found  a  Shiffle  10  avoyde  the 

*  Provifhon  of  Lawe  by  Things  beyonde  Seas, 

*  by  the  Example  of  the  Ute  Kmge  of  Fiaunf<\ 

*  hopyngc  Ufli-ill  lake  bcitcre  Effedte  then  thear  ic 
'  hathc  done,   by  realbn  of  this  Things  Nolorie- 

*  wc,  which,  howe  barbarous  it  is,  that  every 

*  Fellowe  that  haihe  bync  but  over  in  the  Lowe- 

*  Cmtreyeiy  thoughe  he  retwrn  in  Raggs,  fhall 
'  come  a  Judge  of  Honorc ;    to  meete,  I  faye, 

*  with  this  Incunvenyence,  untyll  a  Parlcamente 

*  could  take  Order  rhearin,  which  nowe  1  com- 
'  mende  to  your  Grace  and  Confyderafhon. 

'  Laftely,  The  Forme  I  meane  to  hould  in  our 

*  Proceedingcs,  to  avoyde  the  longe  Conferences 
'  bftweene  the  L'pper  and  the  Lower  Houfe, 
'  which  brccde  but  Delayc,    for  fometymes  the- 

*  Lower  Houfe  broughte  nothinge  but  Tonges, 

*  fpraetymes  nothinge  but  Years;    I  mcane  to 

'  pro- 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      aSj 

•  propound  co  the  Lordes  Mattcrts   propcrc  ioad.  u.  famMf. 

them  by  Bylles,  and  the  iyke  to  you,  and  to 

*  fpeake  to  you  myfelf  and  rcccave  your  Anl'wers; 

*  this  lo  prevente  iinnelcflary  Meetyngcs,  and  to 

*  hartcne  our  Bufenes,    iliat  wee  maye  jtrofeede 

*  to  ilie  moftc  urgente  Pointe.     And  1  do  pro- 

*  pofe  locontyncwe  this  Parleamentc  to  another 

*  Se!*.hones  at  Mitkeimafi  when  maye  be  fupplycd 
'  any  fuche  Defefle  aa  this  fliorte  Tyme  will 
'  not  gevc  Leave,  perhaps,  to  be  amcr.ded.— - 

*  For  I  will  meet*;  you  oftene  in  this  Kynd  to 

*  (hewe  myfelf  coniraryc  to  all  Tyrantes,  who 

*  love  not  Advifynge  with  their  Subjetfles,  but 
'  hate  Parlcamentesj  but  moftc  I  defyre  to  meeie 
'  with  you  when  I  mighte  aflte  you  nothinge,  but 

*  that  we  mighte  conferre  together  fieclye,  and  I 

*  maye  heare  oute  of  everye  Cornore  of  my  King- 

*  dome  the  Complayntc  of  my  Subjc^es,  and  I 

*  will  dcly vete  you  my  Advife  and  Afyftance,  and 

*  wee  will  confulte  onlye  df  Reipublua;  fo  flial! 

*  the  World  fee  1  love  to  loyne  with  my  Sub- 

*  jefles,  and  this  will  brcedc  Lore  aj  Acquain- 

*  tancc  doth  amongftc  honeftc  Men,  and  the  con- 

*  trary  amongfte  Knaves. 

*  ThAi  as  the  lafte  Parlcamente  beganc  with 

*  Trouble  and  Contenfhone  and  ended  16,  fo  this 

*  maye  begine  with  Alacreiye  and  Love,  and  con- 

*  dude  fo  lykewife;  whear  Safiie  (hall  be  abroade 

*  and  Love  at  home,  and  all  Afpcr(honc3  and  Ru- 

*  mores  of  Difcontente  betweene  me  and  my  Peo- 
'  pie  ihall  be  takene  awayc,  and  wee  maye  fynge 

*  tOKCthere,  Ecce,  quam  bsitum  it  hcundum  ;  and 

*  when  you  flial!  retwrne  to  your  Contiaye,  yoa 

*  fhall  have  Prayfcs,  and    he  approovcd  in   the 

*  Choyfe  made  of  you,  you  have  behaved 

*  yourfelves  difcreeitlye,    that    you   have  geven 

*  Contentc  to  your  King,  and  accorded. —  Bjt 
'  I  (hall  be  afliamede  to  be  wearisome  lo  you. 

•  Howe  to  profee<^e  in  this  mutual  Love,  to 

*  mectc  in  a  founde  Oppynyor.e  with  the  Kinge 

*  as  he  doth  with  you  is  a  Pane  of  your  Worke, 

*  For 



aS^     'The  Vnrltamcntary  Histort 

.iLjuoal.     •  For  Undertakers,  I  protcfte,  I  nevcrc  was  fa 
'SM*       *  bacc  to  callc  or  rclye  uppon  anye  but  your  gcnc- 

*  lall  Love,   and  if  anye  had  bync  fo  fooliche  to 

*  offere  it,    yet  had  it  byne  greaicre  FoIIcy  in  m« 

*  to  luve  accepted  it;   and  for  Kledtyones  atid 

*  patdiinge    a  Parleamente,    I    knowc  none  of 

*  them,  nor  iniercedcd,  and  who  \vi!I  double  of 

*  (his  gives  me  the  Lye.     I  did  profeede  with  a 

*  Dcfyre  to  iiufte  my  Subjcdtes,  and  to  this  my 

*  Counfclle  and  oihcr  Gentlemen  have  encoura- 

*  ';ed  roe,  that  as  I  intended  graiyoufly  to  them, 

*  they  woIJc  *?ealc  lovingley  with  mcj  and  this 

*  was  all  the  Lhideriakinge. 

*  To  fememberc  the  Shorteres  of  Tyme,  to 

*  avoyde  all  Cureofetye,  and  to  profeede  with  Ce- 

*  Icrctye  to  tlie  moftc  waighty  AftUyres;  and  if 
'  anye  fholdc  bfgine  with  ne^ve  Matteres,  newe 
'  (^eftyones,  Rtjtu  anniiti  Faliuiai^  rejice  Gtnta- 

*  logtas:  If  anye  bringeDifcorde  amonge  you,ac* 
'  compte  him  an  Enemy  that  doth  not  only  not 

*  m.iiiUr,yne  this  Summutn  Bonumy  this  Harmony, 
*■  hut  fcckes,  by  di(en(youcs  Queftyoncs,  to  fcvcrr 

*  the  Alfeclyores  of  the  Kinge  and  People;    that 

*  I  maye  rile  wUh  Difyre  to  rcturne  and  meelo 
'  you  oftene,  and  you  leturne  with  the  Prayfc 

*  of  diTcreete  and  well-tempered  Men:  If  anye 

*  Man  preche  anye   other  Doiflryne,  Anathema 

*  /:/,  and  efteem  his  Elbquence  as  a  guildene  Se- 

*  pulchere.     This  I  have  Ipokcne  to  your  Hartes* 

*  your  Affe^yone-!,  and  to  yciur  Hcades,  your 
'  Keafones  ;  and  if  anye  other  IlTue  fuccecde 
'  blame  your/elves,   for  I  have  dealie  with  Sin- 

*  ceriiye.     And  wiH  conclude  with  my  Oflerea, 

*  which,    bycaufe   ihcy   proceeds   of  Grace,   i 

*  have  put  them  iiiio  Byllcs.' 

Tlicre  i*!  not  any  Thin?,  in  the  Jaurnah  of  this 
&  (lion,  material  cnuugtx  to  be  taken  Notice  of, 
uniil  May  the  7  th;  when  ilic  Lord  Chancellor 
m.ived  thcHoufe,  i'hat  an  Otdcr,  made  the  lall 
iicffiuu  of  Parliament,  for  iJie  better  Ait.ndauce 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     287 

!  Peers, 



_,hi  he  read  and  confirmed ;  ^^ 

was  done  accordingly.  """ 

May  zirt,  a  Mcfl'^ge  was  fent  from  the  Lower 
Hoiifc  10  ihe  Lords,  to  dcllrc  a  Conference  with 
thenft,  touching  the  Point  of  ImpofitUm  \  bui,  the 
Number  of  the  Committee,  Time  and  Place  was 
left  to  [heir  Lcrdfliip's  Appointment.  ThcMel- 
(*engcr3  being  withdrawn,  the  Lords  rcfolvcd 
ihcmfelves  into  a  Committee  of  the  whole  Houfc, 
to  confider  what  Anfwer  was  proper  to  be  rcluri- 
cd  to  the  fnid  Melllge. 

The  next  Day  ihis  Matter  was  refumed  \  it  ap-Dp|,j,„  }„  ^ 
pcaring  to  be  a  liulinefs  of  grertr  Tmporiance,  and  Uids,  «  m  a 
vexata  ^fjiioy    the   Lord    Chancellor    niewedCwnfeenre  whh 
the  Houfe  »  What  DJfadvantagc  it  would  be  to ;,''^„^~^^" 
the  King's  Caufe,  as  well  as  to  their  own  Honours,  tioM.  "*^^ 
if  altogether  unprovided,  they  ihould  meet  with 
the  Lower  Houfe.     In  which  Regard,  his  Lord- 
fliip  moved  That  the  Lord  Chief  Juftice,   and 
Chief  Baron,  with  one  Judge  of  each  of  the  faid 
Courts,  there  named,  who  had  been  required  and 
were  then  prefent  to  alTift  that  Court,  might  now 
be  heard  to  deliver  their  Opinions,  for  the  better 
Information  and  enabling  of  their  Lordfhips  to 
treat  with   the  Cummona  on  the  Point  of  /m- 
po/ttions  ;  and  that  no  Anfwer  fhould  be  lent  down 
to  ihe  other  Houfe  *till  this  was  concluded/ 

This  Motion  occafion'd  a  warm  Dcbsteamongft 
the  Lords,  fome  approv;ng  and  others  difliking  the 
Motion  i  and  the  Difference  not  likely  to  be  fet- 
tled by  Arguments  on  either  Side  ;  it  was  at  laft 
agreed  that  the  Lord  Chancellor  fhould  put  the 
(^-  cftion  : 

'  Whether  the  Judges  (hould  deliver  their  O- 
pitiions,  touching  the  Point  of  Impo/jimt,  before 
a  farther  Confideration  be  had  of  an  Anfwer  to  be 
returned  to  the  Lower  Houfe,  concerning  the 
MefTige  from  them  lately  rfceived  ? ' 

This  Qucftion  was  carried  in  the  Affirmative ; 
and  the  Judges  defiring  to  withdraw  a  little  into 
a,  private  Room  lo  advifc  by  ihcmi'clves,  they 
ibon  after  returned ;  and  Aandlng  uncovered  ia 


The  Parliamentary  HiSTORT 

An.  i».j*fneii.  their  prop<?r  Places,  the  Lord  Chief  Juftice,  in  a 

1614.        grave  and  eloquent  Speech,  *  Humbly  defired  to 

be  exc'jfcd,  for  that  T  ime,  giving  his  Opinion  in 

the  Ca(e,  tor  many  weighty  and  important  Rea- 

fons  which  he  mentioned.     Concluding,  that  he 

TTie  judgM  de-^'^'^  '^'^  Brethren  were  to  fpeak  upon  Particulars  in 

eijnc  giving  their  Judicial  Courts,  between  the  King's  Majefty  and 

Opiaiou  there- f,[g  Subjects,  and  likeivifc  between  Subjc^  them- 

"^  felvcs;  but,  innoCaufe,  to  be Diiputants on  any 


Then  the  Lord  Chancellor  moved  the  Houfe, 
That  forafmuch  as  no  Opinion  or  Direction  was 
to  be  had  from  the  Judges,  they  would  now  ad- 
vtfc  what  Antwer  was  to  be  lent  to  the  Lower 
Houfe,  who  expcfted  10  hear  from  them.  But 
Time  not  now  lervinc;,  the  farther  Confidcraiion 
thereof  was  referred  to  the  next  Morning  j  and 
(he  Judges  were  ordered  to  attend  again. 

The  next  Day,  May  24ch,  the  Lord  Chan- 
CeUor  renewed  his  Motion  of  what  Anfwcr,  i^t. 
on  which  arofe  another  ftrong-  Debate  in  the 
Houfe,  many  of  the  Lords  approving  and  others 
difspproving  of  any  Metaingat  all  with  the  Com- 
mons on  this  Point:  Since  they  all,  in  general, 
agreed,  That  the  Lower  Houfe  was  nor  bound  by 
any  Order  or  Courfe  taken  by  their  Committee, 
but  free  and  at  Liberty  to  alter  the  fame,  or  var/ 
from  it,  as  their  Judgments  led  ihem.  But,  to 
pet  an  End  lo  thi>'  Debaie,  it  was  agreed  that  an- 
oiher  Queltion  fhould  be  propofed  by  the  Lord 
Chancellor  ro  this  Effcdt : 

•  Whether  this  Houfe  fhill  meet  with  thtf 
Lower  Houf?,  and  give  them  a  Hearing  touching 
the  Point  of  Imp:>!}tions^  *  And  thcgreaccr  Num- 
ber of  the  Lords  anfwcring  Ntt  {ontent,  it  paffecf 
in  tl-.e  Negative. 

But  nil!  fomc  MeiTiEc  muft  be  fent  to  ihe  Cont- 
mons  ;  and  that  Day  bring  far  fpent,  the  MatiCT 
was  agTin  put  off  ro  the  next  Meeting.  Accor- 
dingly May  the  aSih,  the  following  Meflage  from 
the  Jj^rds  was  agreed  upon  to  be  lent  to  the 
Lower  Houfe ; 

«  Wh«r«« 

Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D,      185? 


2nd  Bu 

nereas  the  Knights,   l^iiiztns,    and  Bur- An.ii.j«mari 
gefles  of  the  Commons  Houfe  of  Parliament,  did        «6i4' 
defire  of  the  Lords  a  Conference  concerning  /m- 
p9Jttions ;    to    which   their   Lordfliips    anfwcred, 
That  they  would  take  it  inro  Confideratton,  and 
fend  ihcm  an  Anl'wer  by  Meffengers  of  their  own  j 
their  Lordfliips  do  now  reiutn  this  Anfwer  unto 
Them»  That  ihey  arc,  and  always  will  be  willing 
and  ready  to  hold  a  loving  and  mutual  Correfpon- 
dcnce  with  them:    But  their  Lordfhips  having ^J^^.^'J"'^* 
entered  tiuo  a  grave  and  ferious  Conii deration,  astLic^" 
well  of  the  Matier  itfelf,  as  of  divers  incident  and 
neccflary  Circumftances,  do  not  think  it  conve- 
nient to  enter  into  any  Conference  with  ihem  con- 
cerning the  Point  of  Impo/iticns,  at  this  Time.' 

The  fame  Day  two  Bills  were  brojght  in,  and 
read  afiiflTimeintheHoufeot  Lords,  one  of  them 
Intituled,  '  An  Aft  againft  Vexation  of  his  Ma- 
jcfty's  Subjc(ils  by  the  Affif^ningof  Debts  to  the 
Crown.*  The  other,  '  An  A€t  for  Repeal  of  a 
Branch  of  a  Statute,  made  at  If^efiminjier,  An.  3^, 
Htn.  8.  entimled  *  An  Ai5l  for  certain  Ordinances 
in  the  King's  Majcfty's  Dominions  and  Princi- 
pality of  IValci.*  Upon  reading  of  both  ihefe 
Bills,  the  Lord  Chancellor  obfervcd  to  the  Houfe, 
*  That  thefe  were  Bills  of  Grace,  offered  by  the 
Kii^  to  his  Subjeils  for  their  Eafe  and  Benefit.' 

But  ihel'e  ConcefHons  of  the  King's  had  no  Ef- 
feiS  on  the  Houfe  ctf  Commons ;  they  were  I'o  much 
irritated  againft  the  Lords  for  not  yielding  to  a' 
Conference:  And,  on  May  the  28[h,  a  Mellage 
was  fent  up  to  the  Higher  Houfe,  by  Sir  Edward 
Hobby  and  others,  in  thefe  Words : 

'  That  at  fj^li  Time  as  the  Knighls,  Citizens,^,, .  ,  „ 
and  Burgefles  of  the  Commons  Houfe  of  i'arIia-^„J^V«u 
meni,  feni  up  to  the  Lords  a  MifTage,  praying  a 
Conference  with  their  Lordfhips  about  impofithm : 
They  hoped  ihat,  neither  out  of  tht*  Words  nor 
Matter  of  ihe  MetTage,  it  had  been  polTible  to  have 
framed  any  finifter  or  unworthy  Conftruftion. 
That  noiwithftanding,  by  publicic  and  conAant 
Fajnc,  they  bad  heard,  to  tiicii  Heart's  Grief, 

Vol.  V.  T  that 

2po    The  Tarliamentary  History 

Atut%.Uma i.tJ^at  one  in  in  thb Place  and  wilhin  thefe  Walb, 
iSi*.  Tlamely,  the  Lord  Bifhop  of  Li/ttdn,  in  order  to 
difluadc  the  Lords  from  a  Conference  fo  deiired* 
A  Com  liint  3S  aforefeid,  did  ufe  WoTds  to  the  EfFedl  follow- 
apinftt&eBifiioping,  or  the  fame  Words,  viz.  ^}?at  the  Matter^ 
of  LiMolo  00  xvherMf  Csnftrcnce  xvai  by  that  Ihufe  defired^  h  a 
thitAccoont;  >Joli  mc  tangerc ;  in  Csnferring,  alfi,that  tht  ta- 
kiHg  tht  Oaths  of  Allegiance  and  Su^emacy  is  an 
fmpedimint  -,  fi,  <ii  whfQ  bad  taken  the /aid  Oaths 
might  not  entery  fafely^  into  Conferentt  if  the  faid 
Matter.  Affirming  farther.  That  it  didjiriie^  not 
at  a  Bramh,  but  at  the  Rtst  sf  the  Prerogative  tf 
the  Imperial  Crown  ;  and  that  he  doubted  leaft  in 
futh  a  Conferences  as  was  defired^  there  would, 
from  feme  cf  the  Committees  of  that  Houfe,  proceed 
fame  unduttful  andfeditious  ^echesy  unfit  for  their 
Ltrdfinps  ta  hear  \  tending  to  a  dangerous  Rent  and 
Dijlra^ion  of  kth  Hiufes^  and  to  make  an  Aliena- 
tion between  the  King  and  hii  Suf^e^s.  That  of 
fuch  Scandal  their  Houl'e  is  fo  fcnfible,  that  they  have 
fent  thefe  Meflengers  to  fignify  their  Grief,  and 
that  they  held  the  Lords  fo  honourable,  that  they 
caDnot  but  alfo  take  Notice  thereof.  Wherefore, 
that  Houfe  did  defire  ihat  iheir  Lordfhips  will 
join  with  them  in  fomc  Courfe  to  give  them  Satif- 
/aditon  for  fn  great  a  Wrong  done  to  the  Com- 
mons;  which  they  have  taken  fo  to  Heart,  that 
they  have  determined  to  forbear  all  Parliament 
Matter,  until  they  may  receive  Anfwer  from  the 
Lords;  wherein  they  doubt  not  but  their Lord- 
flitps  will  deal  nobly  with  them,  and  they  defire  it 
may  be  fpeedily.' 

Sir  Edwajd  HMy  being  aflced  by  the  Lord  Chan- 
cellor, Whether  he  had  in  Writing  the  Mefligc  fo 
delivered,  as  aforefaidf  Anfwcrcd,  He  had  not. 

The  Lords  then  reti;rncd  Anfwer,  *  That  ihcy 
had  taken  Notice  of  the  Mefl^ie,  and  will  take 
the  iam«  into  further  Cunfideration,  as  the  Weight 
thereof  requireth:  Wherein  ihcy  will  have  Rc- 
fpedl  both  to  their  Hono'jrs  and  the  Honour  of  the 
other  Houfe;  and  will  icnd  ihcm  further  Anfwer. 


Of   ENGLAND,      ipi 

After  this,  a  (hort  Memorandum  is  exiter'd  oiiAn.  iijamai* 
the  Jffui/tuls,  intimating,  That  before  the  An-  ^61^ 
fwer,  above  fpecifiedi,  was  agreed  on,  the  Ser- 
jeant of  the  Lower  Houfe  came  to  the  Gentleman- 
Uflier  of  the  Lords,  to  learn.  Whether  their 
Ixirdihips  wuuld  fend  Anfwer  to  the  McHagc  on 
that  Day,  or  not?  To  which  the  Genilcman- 
Uiher,  with  the  Privity  of  the  Lords,  anfwered,  as 
from  himfelf.  That  he  knew  not ;  which  fhews  the 
extream  Jcaloufy  then  between  the  two  Houfes. 

The  Name  of  this  Bifhop  of  Lincshy  com- 
plained againll  by  the  Commons,  was  Richard 
Nejle;  who,  wasaftcrwarcterranflated  toZ)ar^tfm, 
thence  10  fVifuhtfttr^  and  M!y,  made  Archbifliop 
of  Yerk.  This  Man  had  been  firft  Bifhop  of  Ro- 
thijler^  then  Bifhop  of  Litchfield  and  Coventry^  be- 
fore he  came  to  Lincoln  j  fo  that  all  thele  dif* 
ferent  Tranflationa  fliewed  him  Courtier  enough 
to  merit  them.  He  continued  a  Favourite,  with  ihi$ 
King  and  his  SuccefTor,  lohis  Death,  which  happen- 
ed at  Y(trk^  in  the  Year  164.0  \  a  lucky  Time  for  a 
Prelate  of  his  Principles  to  leave  this  Kingdom  (1). 

May  30th,  the  Lord  Chancellor  moved  the 
Houfe  to  cunfider  and  rcfolve  of  an  Anfwer  to  be 
fent  to  the  Meflage  or  Complaint,  which  they 
lately  received  from  the  other  Houfe,  touching  the 
BUhop  of  Lincoln.  And,  by  Order,  the  Arch- 
biOiop  of  Canterbury  produced  a  Copy  of  one, 
ready  drawn,  for  that  Purpofe,  which  being  read, 
was  to  this  Eflcifl : 

'  That  ihe  Lords,  having  received  from  tht 

Commons  a  Complaint  againft  the  Biihop  of  Zw- 

celn^  have  ferioufly  entered  into  Coufideraiion  of 

it,  and  do  now  letum  this  Aofvcr^  That  their 

T  2  Lord- 

(i)  In  tbff  Life  of  Dr.  Anirtws,  BUhop  of  WinchtRrr,  tre  n* 
told,  '  Th«  h«  and  BiAop  Utile  being  at  Otnnor  with  the  King, 
Hi*  Mjjelly  ilk'd  him,  If  bt  ItaJ  net  a  H'ii''  >'«  '«4f  hitSutjtfft 
Motrf  v/itb»al  Cvnfenl  tj  Piirliame't  f  AfiJrnvt  anfwet'd,  Hii 
Studtet  bad  teen  ttufi'Td  to  Pointi  of  Diviriitj,  But  KtiU,  being 
aflc'J  the  fkme  <2tKftion,  f»id,  CoJ  firkid  hat  jvu  Jbfuld^  yvu  srt 
ibi  Brfatb  af  urr  N^rih.  Upon  tab  the  King  njieated  thcCt^ic- 
ftion  to  AMrrmn  :  To  whieh  he  made  this  ingcoious  Reply,  Te-r 
M^ifty  bMt  m  umdevbttd  Jtiihr  re  py  Bntbtr  NeUe'i  Monty.' 


ijj2    'ifje  "Parliamentary  HtsTORT 

An,ii.J«iw«l.lx)rdfhip5  would  take  very  tenderly  that  any  un- 
worthy Afperlion  fliould  be  laij  on  that  Bodyj 
which  they  lb  much  rcfpeft;  and  with  whom 
they*defirc  to  hold  all  good  Corrcfpondence  and 

*  But,  forafmuch  as  the  Complaint  fecmech  to 
be  grounded,  not  upon  dired  or  certain  Proof, 
but  only  upon  common  public  Fame  i  their  Lord- 
{htps  do  not  tbbk  that  common  Faroe,  only,  is  a 
fufficient  Ground,  whereon  they  may  proceed  as 
in  this  Caufe  is  required.* 

*  Neverihelefs,  their  Lordfhips  are  fo  refpeflive 
of  any  Thing  that  may  concern  that  Houfe,  that 
when  they  fhall  be  more  certainly  inform'd,in  direft 
and  exprcl's Terms,  what  the  Words  were  wherein 
the  Lord  Bj{hap  of  Lincoln  is  to  be  charged,  and 
how  the  lame  are  to  be  prov'd,  they  will  proceed 
tlierein,  fO  effcilually,  according  lo  Honour  and 
Juftice,  as  it  fhati  thereby  well  appear  how  care- 
ful they  arc  to  give  fo  that  Houfe  all  good  Satis- 
faction in  this  Bufinefe  ihat  may  be,  and  to  omit 
nothing  that  can  be  juftlv  or  lawfully  done  in  ihat 

This  Anfwer  was  approved  on  by  ihe  whole 
Houfe,  an.J  (ent  in  Writing  to  the  Cominona,  by 
Meiiengcrs of  their  own;  with  this  Inftiuiflion^' 
That  if  they,  of  ihc  Lower  Houfe,  ihould  re- 
quire to  have  the  Pnper,  then  the  Meflengers  weie 
authorized  to  deliver  the  fame,  which  they  did 

The  next  Day  came  another  Mcflage  from  the 
Commons,  brought  by  Sir  Roger  Owen  and  others ; 
Who,  having  firtl  repeated  the  Subllance  of  their 
Lordfliips  Anlwer  of  Yeftcrday,  acquainted  this 
Houfe : 

That  tbo*  the  Commons  did  not  t.ikc  com- 
mon and  public  Fame  ti.  be  a  fufficient  Ground  or 
Proof,  by  a  legal  and  ordinary  Courfc  of  Juftice, 
in  proceeding  againil  any  Man  j  yet  they  held  it 
enough  to  induce  the  Lords  of  that  Houfe  to  take 
The  Matter  intoConfideration.  And,  albeit  ihey 
did  not  fet  down  the  Words,  in  particular;  yet, 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 


wasthe  Matter,  a?  they  conceive,  fufficiently  laid  An,,i.jaanf, 

down,  when  in  EfFeft  they  faid,  '  That  the  Lord       1614. 

Bifhop  of  Un(oln^  in  this  Houtc,  to  cJiiTuade  the 

Lords  from  a  Conference  with  them  touching  /m- 

pc/ithns-,  termed  the  Prerogative,  £3^^.  a  A'c/;  tm 

tangtre\  infinuaiing  ihat  the  taking  of  the  Oath  of 

Supremacy  and  Allegiance  did  rcftrain  a  Man  from 

treating  of  that  Bulinefs;   Alfo,  he  doubted  but 

in  the  Conference  would  be  ul'ed,  or  fpoken,  fome 

undutiful  and  feditious  Words,  not  fit  for  ihcir 

Lordlhip5 10  hear,  or  Words  to  the  like  or  worfe 

Effc6.   Thai  now  the  Commons  do  defuc  the 

Lords»  If  [hefe  Words  were  not  fpoken,  To  to  lig- 

nify  it  to  the  Houfe  i  oiherwife,  if  they  were  ufed, 

then  they  hope  their  Lordfhips  will  do  as  they 

have  promiled.     Laftly,  from  the  Commons,  he 

faid,  further.   That  they  knew  not  what  other 

Courfc  they  could  have  taken  to  bring  this  Matter 

to  Examination,  or  otberwife  have  any  undutiful 

Speech,  which  may  be  moved  in  either  Houl'e, 

called  m  Qiieftion.* 

After  Sir  It}ger  Owen  had  delivered  his  Meflage, 
the  Lord  Chancellor  afked  him.  If  he  had  it  in 
Writing  ?  To  which  hcanfwered  in  the  Negative. 
The  Lord  Chancellor  then  aci^uainted  him,  That 
the  Houfe  would  take  his  Meflage  into  Conlidera- 
lion,  and  fend  Anfwer,  if  they  could,  before  they 
rife  ;  oiherwifc,  will  let  them  know  as  much. 

Accordmgly,  the  fame  Day,  ihe  Lords  fent  to 
acqyainr  the  other  Houfe,  '  That  they  had  con- 
iidered  of  their  lart  Meflage,  and,  in  debating  there- 
upon, the  Lord  Bilhopof  Lincsln  had  humbly  ia- 
ireated  that  he  might  be  heard  to  explain  himfclf ; 
which  being  granted  unto  him,  he  had  made  a 
folemn  Proieftaiion,  on  his  Salvation,  that  lie  did 
not  fpcak  any  Thinj^  with  any  evil  Iniention  to  the 
Houfe  of  Commons,  which  he  doih  with  all 
hearty  Duty  anj  Re'pc£t  highly  ellccm.  Expref- 
ling,  wiih  Tcirs,  his  Sorrow  that  his  Words 
were  to  milconceivcd  and  ftraincd  further  than  he 
ever  Intended  them ;  and  that  his  Speech  fhould 
occafijn  fo  much  Trouble  to  their  Lordfhips  or 
T  3  liiat 

iwe  Hevrci. 

194    the  Parliamentary  Hi&tort 

4ji,».Tw«ti,^^  the  Lower  Houfe  (hould  take  Offence  at  it 
'  1614.        Which  (uboninive  and  bgcnuous  Behaviour  of  his, 
had   given  ibis  Saiisfadtion    to   their  Lordlhips, 
That,  howfbever  the  Words  might  found,  his  In- 
tention was  not  as  it  hath  been  talcen.    And  ibeir 
Lordthips  do  afiure  the  Commons,  That  if  they 
bad  conceived  the  faid  Bifhop's  Words,  to  have 
whkb  orcaGofu ''^^  fpoken  OF  meant  to  have  caft  any  Afperlion 
•Mifuadrrftand- of  Sedition,  OF  Undutifuincfc  unto  their  Houle, 
!"!L^""  li'fas  it  feems  Report  has  carried  it  to  ihsm)  their* 
LordOiips  would  forthwith  have  proceeded  to  th« ' 
cenfuriDg  and  punifhing  thereof  with  all  Severity.  \ 
NeverthelciJi,  tlio'  their  Lordihips  have  thought  j 
fit  to  fignify  their  Carefulnefe  at  thi»  Time  to  give' 
them  Contt;ntmcnt,  for  the  better  expediting  his.^ 
Majefty'a  great  Bulinef;,  and  to  retain  all  (^ 
Correfpondence  with  them  i  yet  their  Lordfhip 
are  of  Opinion^  That,  hereafter,  no  Member  of  J 
their  Houfe  ought  to  b<;  called  in  Qjeftion,  wheorl 
(here  is  no  other  Ground  for  it,  but  public  and] 
common  Fame.' 

The  Meiiengers  then  proceeded  to  tell  the  Com* 
mons another  Pan  of  their  Mcfla^c,  which  was,! 
That  the  Lords  did  delire  a  Conference  with  them 
by  Commiitees  of  either  Houfe,  about  a  Bill  for 
punifhing  Abufes  committed  on  ihe  Sabbath  Day, 
called  Sunday  \  which  was  accepted  on.  This  Bill 
had  been  depending  fome  Time  in  the  Houfe  of 
Lords  ;  but,  as  it  was  prevented  from  being  made 
a  Law  by  the  fuddcn  Diflblution  of  this  pArliamcnt» 
we  can  give  no  farther  Account  of  it.  And,  at 
the  Conference,  the  Committee  of  the  Commons, 
declaring,  That  they  had  no  Authority,  or  War- 
rant, to  treat,  or  confer,  but,  only,  to  hear  what 
fliould  be  faid  by  the  oihers,  and  report  the  fame 
to  their  Houfe  i  the  Lords  broke  up  the  Confe- 
rence, and  delivered  back  the  Bill  to  their  own 

Before  we  go  on  with  the  further  Proceedings 
of  this  Seflion  amcngft  the  Lords,  it  will  be  uecef- 
fary  to  look  back  into  the  Jcurnais  of  the  Com- 
mons, for  an  EtiUrgement  aud  ConHrm^tion  of 


0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      29s 

the  foregoing  Particulars;   as  well  as  a  RecitaJ  of  ab.ii.  Juiuil. 
fomc  Matters  not  mentioned  in  the  other  Au-       "614, 

Three  Days  after  the  Meeting>  /f^nV  8th,  when 
the  Commons  were  adjufting  their  Privileges,  and 
reftifying  Kleftionsj  a  remarkable  Cafe  darted  in 
this  laft  Atfair,  propofed  by  one,  '  Whether  the 
Attorney- General  might   be   elefled,   in  refpeft 
there  was  no  Precedent  that  fuch  an  Officer  of  the 
Crown  could  be  chofen  a  Member  of  that  Houfc? 
Sir  Henry  Hsif^rt's  Cafe  being  different,  he  being 
a  Member  of  this  Houfe  when  he  was  made  At- 
torney- General . '    In  the  Debates  on  this  Queftion, 
Sir  Rfger  Owtn  argued,  •  That  no  Attorney  was 
ever  chofen ;  nor,  aniiently  any  Privy-Counlellor; 
nor  any  that  took  Livery  of  the  King.     He  quo-  Cife  of  the 
ted  fome  Precedents  for  ihisi  as  the  7th  of  Ricb-^l.'J^^' 
ard  II.  a  Knight  Banneret  was  put  out  of  the 
Houfe  i  and  by  prfnted  Authority,  he  inlVanced 
SirT^tfWtf;  jl/i?c/-*'sTreatife  after  he  had  been  Cbaa- 
celtor  and  Speaker.     That  the  Eye  of  a  Courtier 
can  endure  no  Colours  but  one ;  the  King's  Live- 
ry hindering  (heir  Sight.     Compared  them  to  a 
Cloud  gilded  by  the  Rays  of  the  Sun  ;  and  to  Brafs 
Coin  which  the  King's  Stamp  makes  current.' 
SaJshnSaviU  moved,  '  That  ihoie  Privy-Coun- 
fellors  who  had  got  Seats  might  ftay  for  that 
Time;  buttoputlbeQueftion,  Whether  Mr.  At" 
torjiey  fhould  ferve  in  that  Houfe  ?    Much  more 
Debate  cnfued  on  this,  til),  at  tail,  it  was  agreed 
to  be  referred  to  a  Committee  to  fearch  Prece- 
dents, ^:.     Upon  the  whole,  it  was  refolvtd  on 
the  Queftion,  That  he  Ihill  for  this  Parliament, 
remain  in  the  Houfe ;  but  never  any  Attorney-Ge- 
neral to  fervc  for  the  fucure. 

jfyriJ  the  Jitb,  a  Supply  was  moved  for  by  Dchitr  on  the 
Mr.  Secretary   iJirhert\   who  fai^l,  *  That  if  he  M"t.mi  fot » 
wa*  b'li  a  piHMie  Perlon,  and  nut  bound  by  Duty,  ^"^p?^'' 
his  Motion  »'ouId  not  be  entertained  with  lo  much 
Jealoufy.     Hjt,  as  a  Secretary  of  State  he  urged 
It  not  for  the  private  Ulc  of  the  King,  but  the  pub- 
lic Good  of  the  Comniou- Wealth.     That  the 



2p6    7^^  Tarliamentary  History 

Ad. »;J«n«i. State  rannot  a£t  wiihout  Rcdrefs  of  tliofc  Miferics 
we  arc  under.  He  took  them  to  be  ill  Members, 
who,  to  enrich  the  King's  Cc'ffcrs,  ranCick  and 
ranrom  the  King's  Subjefts.  The  Strength  of  the 
King  is  in  the  Wealth  and  Love  of  his  Subjedls. 
And  to  relieve  the  Necefllrics  of  the  State,  the 
King  hath  taken  rtSlam  et  regiam  Fiam,  by  calling 
a  Parliament.  N'eme  tmfiur  fuam  Turpitudmm  re- 
vehu  i  ihc  King's  Debts  mould  be  made  known 
by  thofe  who  are  bcft  acquainted  with  ihem.  His 
Navy,  the  Walls  of  our  Country,  never  in  better 
Equipage;  yet,  in  fuch  NecefTuy,  as  muft  have 
been  long  fincedlfToIvcd,  if  fpccial  Care  had  not 
been  Liken  to  prevent  it.  That  the  cnutionary 
Towns,  for  Wa^it  of  Pay,  were  like  to  mutiny. 
Ireland  was  not  fo  much  a  Thorn  in  our  Foot,- 
but  a  Thorn  in  our  Side.  If  a  Revolt  fhould  hap- 
pen there,  what  Shame  and  DiTgrace  would  be  it? 
leave  it,,  or  what  Troubleand  Danger  to  recover 
it  ?  The  laft  diforderly  Parliament  there  hath  awa- 
kened Tyrone;  who  i3  now  treating  with  the  Pfipe 
to  come  next  Summer,  and  that  al!  ihe  ill-alFefted' 

there  wait  the  Ifliie  of  this  Parliampnt. His' 

Majcfty's  Charge  in  G/r;/wrj,*,  for  fettling  the  right 
Inheritors  there.     The  Sutc  of    France.     The 
Cuftom  of  Spai*t  to  fifii  in  troubled  Warcr.     If,- 
by  the  double  Marriage,  the  King  take  Part,  he' 
he   muft  needs  become  a   Par^y,    iho*  with  the 
Charge  of  a  Royal  Army.     The  Superfluities  of 
one  Year,   of  every   Man  at  his  Table,  Appa- 
icl,  i^c.  will  difcharge  the  King's  Debts  and  pro- 
tcft  us  and  all  our  Privileges.     That  we  now  are 
expofed,  by  our  Poverty,  in  all  other  Parrs  to 
Contempt  and  Scorn.     That  his  Majcfty's  Grace, 
ai  it  is  offered  lo  u?,  may  be  termed  anotlier  Alag- 
?ij  Chrtn.    The  Murriagc  of  his  Da'iiliier  Wi,s 
another  Caufc  of  this  Debt.     That  the  P^pf  nevt'i 
had  fo  great  a  Blow  as  by  that  March  ■■,  wliich  oc-  ' 
cafioned   the  King  to  banifh  fo  dear  a  Daughter 
from  fo  indulgent  a  Father.     He  concluded,  That 
a  cheerful  and  Ipcedy  Conttibution  would  be  grate- 
ful, butwithal!  thcConvcniencypoffible;  which 
'  would 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.       297 

would  be  great  Joy  to  all,  when  heard  abroad,A«<»-J«nttl. 
thai  all  Differences  between  the  King  and  his  Sub-       '*'*' 
jedts  were  ended. 

Mr  Chancellor  of  the  Exchequer  Ipokc  next, 
and  faid,  '  That  not  only  his  Duty  to  the  King, 
but  Care  of  his  Country,  for  which  he  would  lay 
dovvn  his  Life,  moved  him,  to  inform  thcHoufeof 
what  he  knew  ihey  would  be  glad  to  hear.  That 
there  was  no  Safety  to  any  Cuunfcl  in  this  Houfe* 
whilft  the  other  Motion  for  a  Supply  to  the  King 
was  deferred.  That  1500  poor  Mariners  were 
ready  to  lalute  ihem  every  IVlorning  ;  others,  for 
Want  of  Money,  ready  to  pull  off  his  Gown. 
That  thefe  were  not  private  Expences,  or  Houfhold 
Affairs,  but  for  Navy  and  Forts.  Dffvsr  Cattle 
like  to  fall  down  ;  two  or  three  in  the  Ifle  of  ff^ight 
were  in  the  fame  Condition.  Ireland  was  like  to 
be  ha7.arded  for  Wan:  of  Money.  The  Garrifons 
in  Fiujhing  and  Bn'd  leady  to  mutiny  for  the  fame 
Caufe;  which  are  Pledges  for  near  700,000).  If 
abruptly  thcic  Things  be  I'poken,  he  was  in  Fear 
and  Trembling;  for  the  Conlequence.  And  if  now 
the  Supply  v/as  undcnaltcn,  it  would  be  man/ 
Months  before  Money  came  in.' 

*  He  offered  to  difclofe  »he  Particulars  of  the 
Debts  to  any  Member,  privately  ;  and  the  Affu- 
raiicc  for  ilic  well-dirpofing  of  what  was  p;ranted. 
But  that  it  was  not  agreeable  toihe  King's  Pleafure 
to  difclofe  his  Debts  to  every  one,  no  more  than 
to  direct  them  what  ibcy  fhould  give.  He  there- 
fore n-.ovcd  for  a  Sub-Committee  10  be  appointed 
for  this  Bufinefs.* 

The  Atromey- General  began  next  with  telling 
the  Houfe,  *  That  fince  they  had  been  pleafed  to 
retain  htm  there,  he  owed  them  the  beft  Offices 
he  could  }  ard,  if  ihcy  had  difmiffed  him,  his  be(^ 

Wilhes  would  have  been   ftill  wiih  them. 

That  nil  i)erlinent  Speeches  tended  to  one  of  the(e 
(hree  Ends;  either  Information  of  the  Matter  10 
pcrfuade  Confcnt,  or  to  trace  out  the  belt  Means 
to  effect  the  Thing  propofed.  Little  remained  to 
him  in  any  of  thcfc  three  Kinds  >   iince  the  fifl% 


spS    The  Parliamentary  Histort 

Aji.i».>me«!.had  been  already  delivered  by  ihem  to  whom,  pro- 
1(14.  pcrly,  it  belonged.  But  they  were  to  confidcr  what 
hangs  over  us  all,  viz.  Danger  j  what  upon  us. 

*  That,  in  Times  of  Peace,  it  was  proper  to 
provide  for  Defence,  by  a  Supply  of  Treafure,  as 
well  as  in  Time  of  War;  which  fomeiimes  hap- 
pens for  a  Flag  of  Glory,  or  a  Fhlh  of  Revenge, 
■  and  may  be  purfued  or  left  at  Pleafure.  But  when 
a  State  is  environed  with  envious  Foreigners  on 
the  one  Side,  and  Encroachments  on  Trade  on 
the  oiher,  and  Religion  fo  much  queftioned.  Peace 

may  flatter  us,  but  rot  fecure  us. That  the 

States  of  Eur$pt  were  never  fo  dark  i  and,  but  lo_ 
look  a  Year  before  him,  would  trouble  the  beftj 
Watchman  in  Europt.  There  ought  to  t>c  Pro- 1 
vilion  of  Arms  for  travelling  in  ibe  Night  as  weltlj 
as  going  to  War.  And  what  Treaty  can  waj 
make  with  Strangers  for  Wrongs,  but  bafely  oqj| 
our  Parts  and  glorioufly  on  theirs,  whilft  we  aro| 
in  Want.  That  no  private  Man  U  more  fubjedl^ 
to  Sheriff's  OiHcers,  than  a  State  in  Want  to  Sur-.i 
prizes;  aiid  that  Treafure  was  like.  Ballaft  to  a] 
Ship,  the  Word,  Steady* 

'  That  Perfuafion,  in  this  Matter,  was  necdlefsj 
and  unwife;  a  (houtd  malte  a  Fire,  but  1 
can  let  it  alone,  when  it  buriieih  well.    The  Fire  J 
of  their  Affeilions  was  kindled  by  the   King's 
Speech;    his  Graces  did  (hitie  and  warm  :hem, 
without  the  Help  of  a  Buming-Glafs,    The  King 
had  made  fuch  a  Trafl,  in  almoft  every  Point  of 
his  Prerogative,  that  the  Foolfteps  of  King  Jamts,\ 
■would  ever  remain.     The  Kin^s  Prerogative  was 
not  like  a  Bow  or  Watch  String,  but  groweth 
flronger  by    Continuance;    and   that  when   his 
Means  fhall  abound,  in  Grace  he  will  fuperabound. 
Dukii  TrtJ^ui  pari  Jugs.     The  King's  Bufincfs 
aha  Common-Wcilih's  to  go  together.     Laltly, 
He  moved  for  no  particular  Commiitee  or  Sub- 
committee, but  a  Committee  of  the  whole  Houfe/ 
Thefe  were  llie  Sum  of  the  Arguments  the 
Couriicr;  made  uic  q{  vo  enforce  the  Supply ;  bucj^ 


0/-   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      app 

many  more  pr$  and  <■«,  were  the  Subjcfl  of  a  4^.  i «.  lurwiT? 
whole  Dav*3  Debate.  The  Refuk  of  which  laft  1614. 
was,  chiefty,  to  ui^c  that  it  was  not  now  a  Time. 
That  divers  Members  were  not  yet  come.  The 
Houfe  to  be  called  firft.  To  receive  the  Com- 
munion firft,  as  appointed,  according  to  the  Pri- ^^j^.,^  ,^j^^ 
mitlve  Church,  and  then  to  make  an  Offering,  t^c,  hjM  by  the 
In  {hort,    the  Bufinefs  was   deferred   till   after  c*^"""* 

April  the  i8ih,  a  Bill  concerning  Taxes  and 
Iropolitions  on  Merchants  Goods  by  the  Crown, 
was  read  a  fecond  Time ;  and,  after  a  Jong  De- 
bate, was  committed  to  the  whole  Houfe  for  the 
next  V>x^  Fortnight ;  the  Houfe  being  adjourned 
for  that  Time,  on  account  of  Eafter  Holidays. 
May  5ih  the  Debate  was  again  refumed,  ^nd  it 
was  refolved,  upon  the  Queftion,  to  have  a  Con- 
ference with  the  Lords  concerning  impofuiont. 
The  reft  of  this  Affair  is  already  recited  from  the 
lord's  Jmrnah. 

The  Complaint  againft  the  Biftiop  of  Lincoln 
was  made  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  Afo;f  »5th, 
on  which  a  long  Debate  arofe ;  and  feveral  fe- 
vere  Speeches  were  thrown  out  againft  the  whole 
Order.  One  faid.  There  had  been  continual  In- 
terruptions all  this  Parliament.  This  Bone,  a- 
mongft  the  reft,  thrown  in  by  a  Devil,  if  a  Bifliop 
may  be  a  Devil.  That  a  Speech  an  bonourabfe 
Perfon  made  in  this  Houfe  hath  rubbed  them,  and 
they  now  winch ;  forty  fuch  as  he  had  the  King*i 
Ear  fo  much,  &c.  and  moved  to  proceed  to  no 
other  Bufmcfs  til!  lliis  was  righted.  The  next 
Day,  and  D^y  afiei,  were  entirely  taken  up  with 
Difputes,  how  to  ?.i\  in  this  Affair  i  nor,  could  a 
Letter  from  his  Majcfty  quiet  them,  but  a  Meflagc 
was  rcfolved  to  be  i'enc  to  the  Lords  to  require  Sa- 
tisfaction; which  was  done  accordingly  as  is  before 
related,  with  the  reft  of  the  Proceedings,  in  the 
JournaU  of  the  Upper  Houfe  of  Parliament. 

June  the  5th,  the  Commons  ftill  perfifting  in 
;hcir  former  Rcfolution,  the  Speaker  delivered  a 
M^fl'agc  CO  them,  which  be  hiid  received  from  the 


300    TheTarliamentary  Histort 

An.  tz-  I»ine*  I.  '^'"gt  ^^^  Ufiltfs  tbfy  forthwith  procetd  tc  treat 
1614.       «/  his  Supply t  he  would  dijotve  the  ParHament. 
This  Mcflage  fomewhat  alarmed  the  Houfe;  and 
Sir  George  A4^re  g^ot  up  and  fpake  to  (his  EflTefl: 
TheKirsthrti-     *  That  ibis  MeiTage  from  the  King  gave  him 
leni  10  (ijjTai«  much  Uiidlinefs,  bccaule  of  the  Slate  of  the  Com- 
ihtPiiliamoit.  mon- Wealth.    His  Majefty's  Wants  and  the  P«o-- j 
pie's  Grievances;    in  both  which  the  Common- 
Wcalih  is  interefled  ;  and  is  the  Ship  wherein  ihejr 
all  failed,  and  mull  live  or  die.     That  it  ihey  ne-  ■ 
•   g!t<5ted  what  was  now  to  be  done,  the  Common- 
Wealih  would  receive  the  PreJLidice.    And  moved,- 
without  farther  Delay,  to  appoint  a  Commiclee^li 
to  coniider  of  what  was  fitteft  to  be  done  con-- 
cerning  all  thcfe  great  MaUers.* 

This  Speech  was  feconded  by  other  Membera 
who  moved  to  oblige  the,    leil  be  fliould 
l.iy  a  heavy  Hand  upon  them  ;  that  This  was  a 
DilTumtion,  not  of  this,  but  of  alli  ParliamentSi, 
'I'  grest  Care  was  to  be  had  of  3  good  Conclu-^ 
ilon,    wuhout  any   Extremity    on    either  Part. ' 
Moved  to  prefent  his  Majefty  wiili  fome  Proper**'! 
lion  of  Supply  prefenily.     And  to  have  a  fpecial^ 
Care  to  avoid  the  King's  Penury,   or  his  Difn 
grace,  ^r. 

At  length  it  was  agreed  upon  the  Queftion,«i 
*  That  a  Committee  of  the  whole  Houle  (houldbl 
prepare  an  Anfwer  to  the  King's  MeiTagCi  to 
meet  that  Afternoon;  all  other  Committees,  ex- 
cept one  on  the  Bifhop's  Bufinefs,  fet  npart,  till 
this  Affair  was  done,'  But,  though  the  Hoiife  met 
the  next  Dsy,  June  the  61  h,  there  is  nothing  of 
this  Bufmefs  in  their  J^urnah;  and  we  rauft  have 
recourfe  to  ihofe  of  tlie  Lords,  for  an  End  of  this 
unfottunate  Dilpute  between  the  three  £  dates  of 
the  Kingdom. 

Things  flandingin  thisperverfe  Situation,  as  be- 
fore related,  and  the  Commons  perlifting  in  their 
Rcfolution  that  they  wuuid  proceed  to  no  Bufmefs 
till  they  hiid  more  Sacisfaition  given  (hem  from 
the  Lords,  about  the  Biftiop  of  /.main.  On  the 
tftb  Day  of  Junsy  the  Houfe  of  Lords  being  met,. 


O/'   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      301 

after  a  general  and  long  Silence  in  ihe  Houfe,  theAo.  n.  Junwl 
Lord  Chancellor,  in  a  very  grave  and  worthy  »*H- 
Speech,  as  the  Journals  uxprels  it,  '  Gave  the 
Lords  great  'Ihanks  for  having  lo  nobly  born  with 
the  many  Motions  he  had,  fo  Qnieafonably, 
made  unto  them.  And  b^'d  Leave  row  to  move 
10  them  a  Bufineis,  which,  as  he  faid,  himfelf 
fcarcc  underftood.  He  then  put  their  Lordfhips 
in  Mind  that  the  King,  for  weighty  and  impor- 
tant Realons  did  call  a  Parliament,  to  begin  ihe 
fth  Day  of  jlpnl  laft,  and  that  now  U  was  his 
Majefty's  Pleafure  to  dlllblve  the  fame;  and  for 
that  Purpofe  a  Commiflion  is  now  put  forth  under 
the  Grcilt  Seal,  which  is  this  Day  to  be  executed.* 
But  Hrft  he  moved  that  the  following  Meflage 
flioutd  be  fent  to  the  Commons,  which  was  gene- 
rally  agreed  to. 

*  That  the  Lords  have  underftood  a  Commir- 
fion  under  the  Great  Seal  of  England  is  fet  forth 
for  diflblving  this  Parliament,  as  this  Day,  which 
was  begun  on  the  ;th  of  ^pril  laft.  And,  foraf- 
iDuch  as  they  thought  to  have  heard  fomeihing 
from  that  Houfe  ihis  Morning,  they  have  hitherto 
ftay'd  the  publiftiing  the  faid  Commiflion.  Their 
Lordfhips  now  eXped  to  know  whether  they  fhall 
he.r  any  Thing  from  them  or  no  j  otherwife, 
the  fiords  CommiCioners  muft  this  Day  difiblve 
the  Parliament.' 

The  Commons  took  a  little  Time  to  confider 
of  this  Meflage,    and,  afterwards,    returned  this 
Anfwer ;  '  That,  by  it,  ihcy  were  informed  of  a 
Commiflion  ifliied  forth  to  certain  Lords,  for  dif- 
folving  the  Parliament  as  this  Day.     And,    that 
their  Lordlhips  have  hitherto  madeSiay  cf  publifh- 
ing  11,  txpet^ing  to  hear  fomething  from  ihem,  ^£. 
tit  fupra.     In  Anfwer  to  which,  they  ^ive  their 
Lordfliips  to  iindcrftand.  That  this  Moriiing  they 
receiv'd  a  Letter,  directed  to  their  Speaker,  from 
his  Majefty,  whereby  it  was  fij^nificd.  That  a/^rft?;  Which  thtCcm- 
his  Majejiy,    by  f&rmcr  Letters,    bad  dedared  bisf^^'"*''"^"^ 
Determination  todiffohe  the  Parliament ,  on  Thurf-  '"*' 
day  nsxty  exapt^    in  the  mean  7:me,  their  Hnuje 


Fi    The  Tarlhmentarj  Histor  t 

ktui%.}».mtil,A>9uU proceed  in  bis  important  Bu/me/sj  /or  which 
f6i4'        r^v  fame  wdj,  eJPiciaffyy  cafUd:    Yet  new  it  was 
his  Majejifs  Pkafure  to  diffohe  the  Parliament  7fl- 
I  morrow,  being  the  ^th  of  thii  Mentha  unUfi  they 

Jbali  before  that  Time  perform  what^  by  the  fmd 
former  Letters^  was  required.  La/lfy,  that  they 
have  entered  into  Confderation  of  this  great  Matter. 
The  Lords  Com mifli oners,  named  in  ibe  Com- 
milHon,  by  Order  of  the  Houfe,  wn'thdrew  them- 
felves  to  advife  what  in  this  Cafe  was  fit  by  them 
to  be  done  ;  and  being  returned  into  the  Houfe, 
by  general  Confent  of  all  the  Lords  then  prelcnt, 
Anfwer  was  lent  to  the  Lower  Houfe,  That  their 
Lordfliips  having  confidered  of  the  Anfwer,  which 
that  Houfe  fent  to  them,  have  refolved  to  adjourn 
this  Court  until  Two  o'Clock  To-morrow  ia  the 
Afcernoon,  which  will  be  the  7th  Inftantj  which 
was  done  accordingly. 

On  that  Day  were  ptefent  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords, 
befidcs  the  Lord  Chancellor  and  the  two  Arch- 
bifbops,  16  other  Bifhops,  17  Earls,  one  Vlfcount 
and  33  Barons.  Who,  beir^aU  aflembleJ  in  their- 
Parliament  Robes,  after  Prayers  were  ended,  the 
Coramcflioncis,  taking  Notice  of  his  Majefty's 
Tt*  PMlnHncntCommlffion  for  difiblving  ihc  Parltament,  left 
their  proper  Seats,  and  went  up  to  fit  on  a  Bench 
or  Form,  prepared  for  them  and  placed  croft  the 
Houfe,  between  the  Chair  of  Stale  and  the  Wool- 
Sack,  whereon  the  Lord  Chancellor  ufually  fitteth. 
After  fome  fmall  Intermiflion,  the  Gentleman 
Ufher  was  commanded  to  fignify  unto  the  Speaker 
of  the  Lower  Houfe,  Thai  the  Lords  ivere  ready, 
in  their  Robes,  and  did  expedl  the  coming  up  of 
him  and  the  Commons,  to  whom  his  Majefty's 
Pleafure  is  further  to  be  declared ;  according  to 
the  Commiflion  direfled  10  feveral  Lords  for  that 

The  Speaker  and  the  Commons  being  come  op 
lo  the  Bar  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  the  Lord  Chan- 
cellor declared,  *  That  ic  hsd  pleafed  his  Majefty 
to  ordain  thb  Parliament  to  be  begua  and  bolden 
on  the  sthDay  of/gori/Jafti  andnow,  fordK'crs 


n  iccordiogly 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      303 

good  and  weighty  Con fxterat ions,  known  to  hi8Aft.xs.  Jsmal 
Majcfty,  he  had  thought  proper  to  diflblvc  and  j6i*. 
finally  determine  the  lame ;  and,  that  for  the  fame 
Purpofe,  his  Majcfty  had  been  pleafed  to  «;rant  4 
CommifTion  to  certain  Lords.'  Then  the  Clerk  of 
Par]iamen:,goingupjreceivcd  iheCommifiion  from 
the  Chancellor  on  his  Knees;  and,  afterwards, 
from  his  own  Place,  read  the  fame  to  both  ihc 
Houfcs*  The  Comraiflion  itfelf,  being  iomewhat 
particular,  deferves  a  Place  in  ibefc  Knquirtcs. 

JAMES    R. 

JACOBUS,  Dti  Gratia^  AngUse,  Scotia;,  ^c,  ^  ^^.i^bte 
ReverendiptM  in  Chrillo  Pntri^  a  fideH  Con/i-  Coaunidioa  <« 
liario  no/fro  (i)y  Georgio,  jfrebi^ijcopa  Cuntun- *^^  P'"?^^'- 
rienfi,  Mius  Anglic  Primati  et  Mitropctitam ; 
ThomvtDomim  Ellefmere,  CameUario  mhro  Artg- 
liSBt  at  etiam  Reuerendijfimo  in  Chrifto  'Pairi^ 
Tobix,  /trchiejcapo  Lboraci,Anglia?  Primati  et  Mt- 
trepoUtano  (/),&c.  Saiutem,  Cum  nuperpre^itufdam 
arduJs  it  urgentibus  Negttiiiy  Nss  Statum  it  Dtftn- 
fi9Htm  RtgHX  Mfiri  Angli»  et  Ea/efia  Anglicanac 
ecncerrjentihuSf  Parliamentum  nnjirum  apudCivita" 
tern  nofiram  Wcftmonaftcrii,  qainto  Die  Aprilis 
ttUifm  pratiritSf  inthoari  et  te>ieri  ordinaxnmus  ; 
^uod  quidam  Parliamentum  tantummids  itichoatvm 
Juit,  Sed  pro  co  quod  nuHus  regalis  Aflenfus,  aut  Re- 
fiXinfio,  per  Nos,  prztlita  fuit,  nullum  Parliamen- 
tum, nee  atiquaSelHoParliamenti,  babutt  auitenuit 
exiflentem:  Scietis^  quod  (ertis  urgentibus  Caujis 
it  Csft/ideratisfiibus  NfS  Speiialiter  mofentibus,  hoc 
irtfiante  feptimo  Die  Junii,  dictum  Parliamentum^ 
inchcGtum  ut  fupradi£lum  efit  duximus  J.Jfolvendum. 
De  Ftdelttate  igitur^  Prudintia  et  Circumfpeiiitne 
vej}ris  plurimum  imfidenta^  affignavimui  P'es  Com' 
mifimarios  mjlres^  dantes  vobis  vel  aiiquibus  tribm 
■  wpiuribus  vejlrum^  Temre  Prajentium^  pltnam  Pa- 
tefiateWt  Fatultatem^  et  Authoritatemy  hcc  tnjiantt 
feptimo  Die  Juniij  adpnedi^um  Pariiamefitum,  in- 

( boat  urn 

MenhmH  auide  Arcbbiilkof  of  Ttrk,  fmu  Durb^m,  jt»,  1606.  , 
Lt  Nrvt'i  TsJH  £uUf,  /ing. 

304    The  Parliamentary  Histort 

\»,xk.\i..\xait%\.ch9atum  ut  Jupra  diiium  eft^  Nomint  mflrs  dif- 
i6i4"  folvnuiumi  et  idto  Fobis  mandamui,  qued  l^oit 
vel  als^ui  trti  out  plura  vtjirum,  pradi^um  Par- 
liamtntum^  fu  ut  prefertur  incheatum,  hoc  inflame 
fept'mo  Die  Junii,  i^irtuU  harum  Lit/rat  urn  us/Ira^ 
rum  Pafentiumy  Noffiine  noflro,  pUne  dijjslvciii  it 
dctirminaiU^  &c.  Tcfle  me'ipfo  apud  Weftmona- 
fterium,  fepiimo  Die  Junii,  Anns  Regm  nojiri 
Anglise,  Francise  et  Hibernite  12,  et  Scotix  47. 

C  O  P  P  I  N. 
Domini  Commiffiwarii,  hdie  prafentes^  Virtute 
Commiffmiii  pratit^a,  pradi^um   ParHamentum^ 
inchcatum  ut  fupradsiium  5/?,  diffdverunt  \  Nomine 
Re^St  Demiijo  Cancellario  ita  dedarante. 

By  the  fuddcn  Dinblation  of  this  Pirliament, 
all  ibe  Bills  which  had  been  brought  in  or  pafled  in 
cirhcr  Houfe,  were  fruftratcd  and  entirely  di&- 
rulled.  At  the  End  of  the  Lords  Journa!  for 
this  Parliament,  is  a  Note,  or  Catalogue,  nffuch 
Bills  as  were  delivered  into  that  Houl'e,  with  their 
Titles,  by  which  it  appears  that  about  tbreeftoreot 
them  were  before  the  Lords  \.  and  though  feveral 
Verc  rejeflcd,  that  there  were  enough  left  to  em- 
ploy their  Thoughts  and  Time  for  that  Seflion. 
Amongft  the  relL  we  find  that  a  Bill  for  granting 
a  Subjidy^  by  the  Temporality,  is  mentioned  ;  but 
no  Particulars  of  it  j  ib  this  murt  fall  to  the  Ground 
as  well  as  the  other.  Since  there  is  no  farther  Ac- 
count, in  the  Journah,  ot  the  Reafons  which  in- 
rluced  llie  King  to  take  this  Relblutton,  than  what 
we  have  aheaily  given  i  we  muft  be  content  to 
^ivc  the  Sentiments  of  our  Hiftorians  about  it. 
And  firlV,  Mt  lyilf^n^im)  after  acqu:iinting,  us  with 
fcyeral  Prqjeds,  invented  by  the  King  and  his  Mi- 
nill^  for  railing  a  fufficienl  Fund  of  Money  wilh- 
i>ut  the  Help  of  PaTltamcnt,  and  they  failing,  tells 
Us,  thji  one  was  retolv  d  on,  though  who  dare 
venture,  ad  Is  he,  on  fuch  ref^rattory  Sfiirits- 
•  Yet  there  was  a  Generation  about  the  Court, 
ihdt,  to  pleafc  aiit]  humour  GreatnclS)  undenook 

a  Pai- 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     30J 

a  Parliilment  j  as  Men  prefuming  to  have  Friends  Ad.ii.JamciIi 
in  every  County  and  Burroughs  who,  by  iheir  »*>4» 
Power  amongft  the  People,  would  make  EleOioa 
of  fuch  Members,  for  Knights  and  Burgcifes,  as 
fhould  comply,  wholly,  with  the  King's  DeJires. 
Somerfet  was  the  Head  and  Chief  of  thefe  Under- 
takings 't  but.  this  was  but  an  Embrio  and  proved 
an  Abortion.  The  Engijh  Freedom  cannot  be  Rcmarka  there- 
loft  by  a  few  bafe  and  tame  Spirits,  who  would  ™^ 
unmake  themfelvcs  and  their  Pofteriiy  to  aggran- 
dize oneMan.  For,  the  Parliament  meeting,  ac- 
cording 10  Summons,  fuch  Faces  appeared  there  as 
made  the  Court  droop  j  who,  inttcad  of  contri- 
buting to  the  Kmg*s  Wants,  laid  open  his  Waftes ; 
efpecially  upon  the  5f^«,  with  whom  they  dcfirc 
Me£ttaiem  Lingu/s^  a  Share  of  Favour.  And 
they  befeech  hisMajefty  to  ftop  the  Current  of 
future  Accefs  of  that  Nalioo,  to  make  Rcfidence 
here,  having  enough  to  eat  up  their  own  Cruras. 
They  enquire  into  the  Caufes  of  the  unexpected 
Increafe  of  Popifh  Recufants,  fmce  the  Gunpow- 
der Plot,  the  Dcteftation  whereof  they  thought 
fhould  have  entirely  cxtinguifhed  thetn,  and  ihey 
iind  it  owin;^  to  the  Admiffion  of  Popilh  Nobility 
into  his  Councils ;  the  Silencing  of  many  watchful 
and  diligeni  ^4mirters  j  the  divers  Treaties  his  Ma- 
jefty  hath  entertained,  not  only  for  the  Marriage  of 
the  deccafed  Piince  Henry,  but  for  Prince  Charles 
that  now  liveth,  with  the  Daughters  of  Popifh 
Princes  i  which  diOieartncth  the  Protcftant  and 
encourageth  the  Rcculant.  Laying  open,  with 
thefe,  many  other  M-fcarriages  in  Government; 
which  ihe  Kin^^,  willing  to  have  concealed,  flop- 
ped them  in  iheir  Courfe  ^  diflblving  the  Parlia- 
jnen:,  and  committing  to  the  Tower  and  other  Pri- 
fons,  (the  Beginning  of  Encroachmenis  upon  the 
public  Liberties)  fuch  as  were  molt  a<5tivc  for  the 
Common  Good.' 

Thus  far  our  Biographer  \  and  how  his  Reprc- 
feniation  agrees  with  the  undoubted  Authorities  of 
the  JournaJs,  is  lelt  to  the  Keader's  Judgment. 
The  Commttmcnls  he  ipeaks  of  are  not  mention'i 

Vol.  V.  U  there, 

3cd    The  Tarliamentary  Hjstort 

-yiVj^jjl  there,  nor  in  CamAJfy's  Annals  of  this  Reign  j  nor 
1615.  "  in  any  other  Hiftorian,  but  who  has  borrowed 
from  ihe  fingle  Auibociiy  of  this  p;^rti2l  Writer. 
The  Reader  may  remember  feveral  Commitments 
of  this  Kind  done  in  the  laft  Reign,  for  Woids 
fpoVc  within  the  Houic  of  Commons,  by  the 
Members  of  it ;  but,  as  yet,  this  prefenc  King 
ftanda  clear  from  any  iUch  Encroachments  on  the 
public  Liberty.  But,  to  go  on  Hill  with  our 

fVilfon  informs  us>  *  That  an  Aid  from  Parlia- 
ment being  denied,  the  Miniftry  went  upon  other 
'  Projefls  to  raile  Money;    different  both  in  Name 

and  Nature  from  the  former.  A  benevolence  was 
extorted;  a  Free  Gift ^  adds' he,  was  urged  upon 
them,  againrt  tlieir  Wills ;  and  they  who  did  not 
give  in  their  Money  muft  give  in  Iheir  Names, 
which  carried  a  kind  of  Fright  with  it.  But,  the 
moil  knowing  Men,  (like  fo  many  Pillars  of  the 
Kingdom's  Liberties}  fupported  their  Neighbour's 
tottering  Refoluiions,  by  nfluring  them.  That 
thet'e  Kinds  of  Bensvolemes  were  at|,ainft  Law, 
Reafon  and  Religion.  To  prove  chisj  Our  Author 
goes  on  and  tells  us: 

'  That  it  wa3  againft  Law,  being  prohibited 
by  divers  A^s  of  Parliament,  and  a  Curfe  pro- 
hibited againft  the  Infiingersof  them. 

*  Againft  Reafon,  bet'aufe  it  was  unreafonable 
a  particular  Man  fhnuld  oppofe  his  Judgment  and 
Difcretion  to  the  Wifdoni  and  Judgment  of  the 
Kingdom  aflemblei  in  Parliament,  who  have 
there  denied  any  luch  Aid. 

•  And,  contrary  to  RelJu;ion,  That  a  King 
fhould  violate  hjs  Oath,  taken  at  his  Coronation, 
for  maintaining  ihe  Laws,  Liberties  and  Cuftoms 
of  this  Realm,  and  be  afiiftcd  by  his  Subjedb  in 
an  A^  of  fo  much  Injiiftke  and  Impiety.  Thefe, 
continues  lie,  and  many  oilier  Arguments,,  inftil- 
led  into  the  People,  by  feme  good  Patriots,  were 
great  Impediments  to  xh^BiftevoUmei  lb  that  they 
got  but  little  Money  and  loft  a  great  Deal  of 
liOVC.  Subjidics  gti,  adds  he,  more  of  their  Money, 



Oy  E  N  G  L  A  ND.      307 

but  Exactions  in/lave  the  Mind;    no  Levies  do  fOj^n,,,  tuaaii 
much  decline  and  abafe  the  Love  and  Spirits  of        1615, 
the  Subjects  as  unjuft  Levies;   they  cither  raifc 
ihctn  above  or  deprefs  them  beneath  their  Suffer- 
ings;   which  are,  equiilly,  railchievous  and  10  be 
avoided  .* 

It  mull  be  allowM  here  our  Hiflorian  is  right 
in  his  Poliucs;  BenevcUncesy  though  of;cn  prafli- 
fcd  by  preceding  Kings,  as  this  Work  teftifics, 
yet  ever  tBet  with  Grudgtngs  and  Heart-buinings 
in  the  People.  Whilft,  the  heavicft  Taxes,  laid 
on  by  Parliament,  c.irry  their  SantSion  along  with 
them  from  their  Souice, 

But  we  have  no  Account  of  the  Collc^ling  this 
Bencvoknce  in  any  other  Hiftorian,  except  thofc 
who  have  copied  from  this  Original.  Mr.  Camb- 
detit  in  his  Annals  of  this  Rcigti,  tells  us,  indeed, 
that  a  vail  Sum  of  Money  was  exacted  from  the 
Citizens  of  hndoft,  in  the  Year  1617,  not  with- 
oai  Murmuring,  as  he  fays;  but  has  not  a  Word 
of  the  other  Affair;  which,  one  would  think,  fo 
cxatt  an  Annalift  could  no:  have  mifled  if  it  had 
happened,  and  been  a3  general  through  the  King- 
dom as  the  Biographer  fcems  to  make  it.  (n) 

The  King  r,iid  his  Miniftry  went  on  for  fome 
Years,  and  fupportcd  the  Court  and  State  without 
the  Affiftanccof  Parliament.  What  other  Way  sand 
Means  they  had  to  do  it,  than  by  the  ordinary  annual 
Revenues  of  the  Crown,  Ciiftoms,  (^c.  will  appear 
in  the  Sequel ;  for,  though  fmall  in  themfelves,  yet 
they  were  treated  as  Grievances  in  the  next  Par- 
liament, and  lo.  K'cJ  upon  as  Impofiiions  on  the 
Public.  The  Wnttr  of  this  King*s  Life  owns  ihefe 
to  be  '  Haleyon  Days,  in  hngland ;  no  Taxes  being 
now  paid,  and  Trade  open  10  all  Parts  of  the 
World,  a  profound  Peace  reignitig  every  where/ 

The  Nation  muft  have  been  exceeding  rich, 

Whatever!  was,  at  chat  Time.    In  this  la- 

tervM  Robert  Carr,  Earl  of  Scmerjn,    fell  into  s 

Srture,  probably  laid  for  him  by  ibme  Enemies, 

U  1  which 

\fi  TbC  Kins  sot  only  S2f9°9'*    Camh4tf%  jhtitli. 

to  ibc  Duicib 

308    T73e  Tarliamentary  H  i  stort 

(a.  I+.  jain«  1.  which  the  Favorites  of  Princes  can  never  be  with- 
1616.       oui.    The  Clime  was  To  nefarious,  that  he  and 
his  Lady  were  made  too  black  by  it  ever  to  hope 
The  Fill  of  Cur '^°^  a  Clearing  j  and,  though  iheir  Lives  were  fpa- 
EaricrfSomerfct.rcd,  ihey  Were  fentcnced  to  live  in  perpetual  Infa- 
my and  Difgracc.     The  Story  of  this  Man's  Fall 
is  too  well  known  to  claim  a  Repetition  here :  He 
was  foon  fucceeded  by  another  Favourite,  George 
VtUars^  an  Engli/hman  -,  who,  througli  many  De- 
grees of  Honour,  came,  ai  laft,  to  be  created  Duke 
of  BucHtsgham  ;  and  will  be  the  Subjeft  of  much 
Debate,  in  our  further  Parliamenury  Enquiries. 
The  caur^orury     About  the  latter  End  of  the  Year  1616,  the 
J«*"s^»"n  yp  Cautionary  Towns  were  given  up  to  the  Stales, 
by  this  King:    A  Blot  in  his  Reign,  never  to  be 
wiped  out  i  but  yet  this  Failure,  in  Politics,  may 
be,  partly,  imputed  to  the  unhappy  Differences  be- 
tween him  and  his  laft  Parliament  j  for  if  a  proper 
Supply  had  then  been  given,  to  relieve  theWants  of 
the  State,   the  King  had  not  been  drove  to  make 
fuch  a  falfe  Step.    The  Reader  may  remember, 
that,  at  the  Beginning  of  the  laft  Scflion,  when 
the  Supply  was  moved  for  by  one  of  ihc  Miniftry ; 
it  was  urged,  *  That  the  Garhfons  of  Flujhing 
and  Sr;//,  were  near  going  to  mutiny,  for  want 
of  Pay  i   and  that  thefe  Towns  were  Pledges  for 
near  700,0001/    It  is  no  Wonder  then,  fince  no- 
thing was  given  to  fuftain  thefe  Garriions,  if  King 
James  was  tempted  to  take  the  Money  and  cancel 
the  Mortgage-     Thofe  poor  and  humble  States, 
as  they  calTd  themlclves  in  the  laft  Reign,  were 
now  grown  up  into    High  Migkimjes ;    and, 
being  fupported  by  England^  in  regard  to  the  gene- 
ral ProteJloTit  Caufe,  came,  at  laft,  to  be  a  (harp 
Thorn  in  the  Ercafts  of  their  very  Protedlors. 
That  this  was  the  Cafe,  and  that  thclc  Towns 
were  given  up  by  gcnctiil  Confcni  is  moft  pro- 
bable ;  becaule,  in  fuch  an  inquifitive  Age  as  this, 
when  the  Condudlor  Mnc.^rriages  of  ihcMmiitry 
were  never  more  ftriflly  fcnchel  into,  no  Parlia- 
mentary Enquiry  was  ever  made  about  them. 

.   The 


Cy  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     jop 

The  two  grand  Points,  which  look  up  all  ibe  ao.  14  Jamoil, 
Attention  of  the  King  and  his  Miniftry    at  this        >6i6 
Time,  were  the  Affair  of  the  Spantjb  Match,  and 
the  Lofe  of  the  Palatinatf,    The  former  aa  much 
detefted,  as  the  Reftitution  of  the  laucr  was  wifh'd  J'.'jlt.jf'^l^*,,,^ 
for  by  the  People.     After  the  Deaih  of  Pri  ce  uf,o,iha(>jk- 
Henry,  the  King  had  f:t  his  Tht.ughcs  on  a  Daugh- ''<"«• 
ter  of  France  (proceeding  from  Henry  IV.  their 
late  murdered  Kmg)  for  his,  now,  only  Sod  Prince 
Charlii.     Some  Overtures  were    made,    by   the 
EtigJijh  Court,    to  bring  this  Match  about,    but 
they  diri  not  fucceed  ;  the  Duke  of  Savjy  was  he-  An-  1617, 
forehand  with  thc:m»  and  got  the  Lady  for  his  Son        '6"8. 
the  Prince  of  Piedmant,     But,  utuing  this  Nego- 
tiation with  Franse,  ihc  Duke  of  Ltrma.  Prime 
Minifter  of  Spalriy  had  freqijently  miimated  to  Sir 
"John  Dlghyj  the  Englijh  Ambajjiidor  .it  ihar  Court, 
That  it  was  his  Matter's  inclinaiion  to  lie  the  Kiiot 
ftrongcr  between  the  two  Crowns  of  Grcai  B^Uam 
and  Spain^  by  m.irching  his  fccond  Daughter  with 
the  Prince  of  IVales.     The  Affair  being  notified 
to  JamtSy  it  picaicd  exceedingly  ;    and  though  fo 
Vife  a  Prince,  as  he  is  reprelented  10  be,  migluhave 
ieen  that  this  was  no  more  than  a  Spamjh  Tiick  to 
prevent  the  French  Match,  yet  did  he  and  his  Mi- 
niftry enter  into  a  long  and  tedious  Treaty  about 
it;  King /li^TT^;,  removing  all  the  Blocks  that  hid 
in  the  Way  of  his  now  ddfUng  Defign ,  only  Iludicd 
how  to  render  himfelf  and  his  Sen  acceptable  to 
the  Spaa:/b  Court. 

The  Aftiir  of  the  Palatinate  was  of  a  quite  difTe- 
rent  Nature.  A  Wat  had  broke  out  in  Germniy, 
by  which  Frfdirit^  Count  Ptilatirte  of  ihc  RhhUt 
who  had  married  the  Princefs  Elizabeth  of  En£- 
land,  was  difpoiicfs'd  ot  all  hi?  Hereditary  Domi- 
nions. This  AfFut  made  Ji^mei  think  of  laying 
afide  his  paciBc  Temper,  in  onkr  to  revenge  hiS 
Son  in  Law,  and  recover  his  Territories  for  him. 
An  Army  was  fent  abroad  for  that  Purpotis,  but 
had  not  ihc  wifh'd-for  Succefs.  However,  ihelb 
Forces  were  not  to  be  raifed  without  a  much 
greater  Sum  than  could  be  fpaied  from  the  King's 

U  I 


A  Mw  Paiiia- 
piuit  called. 

310    The  Tarlia?nentar^ii^oviT 

/STtS.  T«neil,own  Treafury  ;  and  finding  the  Peoples  Inclina;- 
i6»o.  '  lions  to  be  ftrongly  bent  on  the  Recovery  of  the 
PalaiinaU,  he  ventured,  fays  Ru/hwortb  (who 
now  comes  upon  the  Carpet)  to  Tend  out  Writs 
for  a  Pariiament  to  meet  on  the  30th  Day  of  Ja- 
nuary,  fomewhat  ominous  indeed,  in  the  Year 
1610,  and  the  iSih  of  this  Reign  (0^.  But  it 
appears  by  the  Journoh^  that  this  Parliament  was 
ifummoned  to  meet  fitft  on  the  i6[h  of  January  ; 
from  thence  it  was  prorogn'd,  by  HrocIamAiion,  to 
the 23d, and  thena^in  to  the30thasaforefaid;  di- 
yers  great  and  weighty  Con fidera lions  of  State, 
particularly  in  refpeft  of  the  Ute  great  Ambaflage, 
as  it  is  expreficd  in  the  Writ,  occafioning  thcfe 
Prorogations.  It  is  oblervabie,  that  the  firft  Writ 
of  Summons,  which  is  given  at  length  in  the  y^ar- 
mh^  in  the  ufual  Form,  is  diretf^ed  to  Charles 
Prince  of  If^aki^  Duke  of  Cormuai  and  of  Tork^ 
and  Eail  of  ChejU*-^  t^c.  Which  Prince,  we 
find,  gave  his  Aitendnnce»  in  the  Houfeof  Lordsj 
almoft  every  firglc  Day  of  this  cnfuitig  Seffion. 
Along  with  the  Writs  for  calling  a  new  Parlia- 
fming  forth  the  ment,  the  following  Proclamation  was  publifhed, 
foi"**'it^r\'^'^°'"  ^^^  elefting  of  proper  Members  to  fit  in  the 
ParliSicQt!  "Houfe  of  Commons ;  which  we  fhali  give  in  U5 
own  Words  and  Orthography  (p). 

By  the  KINGE. 
'AviNG  Occa/ton  at  thu  Ty/M  U  delihirate 
upon  divers  great  and  xveij^hty  4^aireSy  highly 
cftf/g  to  the  Contynuance  atid  further  fettling  $f  the 
peaceable  Government  and  Safety  of  this  cur  King- 
dom,  whereof  Cod  hath  given  us  the  Charge  ;  IVe 
have  thought  g^d^  according  to  the  lauJahle  Cu/hnie 
of  our  Progenitors^  to  crave  the  Advice  and  Jlffijlantf 
herein  of  our  well  abetted  Sut>ie^s^  by  eallwg  a  Par- 
liament to  begin  upctt  the  iixleenih  D^y  of 'January 
next ;   and  though  there  were  no  mare  to  be  had  in 
Cottji deration  but  the  prei'ent  Face  of  Chriftcndom, 

(ij  Ru/hwor!b's  JTiptrical  CjHeahtn,  Vol.  I.    P.  »i.     Th»f« 
Collcdious  bcgio,  only,  in  ihc  Yeir  i£iS>  or  ibe  t6[b  of  illif 

(*j  ^jmr'tPuilitJai,  TomXVn.  P,  >7o» 

A  Piwlamatioo 

gto  . 

O/-  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      311 

fa  mtfirahb/  end  dangermjly  dlJlraSied  at  this  Tyme, 
hejidei  a  Number  cf  other  great  and  we^ghtie  Affaires 
that  we  are  to  refilve  upon;  we  have  more  thanfuffi* 
vent  Reafon  lowifl}  anddefire^  if  ever  at  any  Time, 
eJpeciaHy  at  this,  that  the  iOnghti  and  Burgejfei 
ihatJkaU  ferve  in  Parliament^  be,  aucrding  tc  the 
9uld  Inp'ttuticns,  chfen  of  the  grai>e!i,  abkji  and  hefl 
affeifed  Myndei  ii>at  mate  be  found.  And  therefore 
mt  of  the  Care  gj  the  Common  Geod^  whereof  them - 

Pfihes  are  afo  partieipant^  toe  da  hereby  admonijh  all 
tur  Ifving  Subje£fs,  that  have  Fetes  in  Ele^'ons, 
that  Chotfe  he  made  of  Perfons  approved  fr  their 
Sinceryty  in  Religion^  and  net  of  any  that  is  noted 
cither  of  fuperJUiious  Bltndnefs  one  Way^  or  of  turbu- 
lent Humours  another  Way^  hut  of  fucb  as  Jhall  be 
frmd  zealous  and  obedient  Children  to  this  their 
Mother-  Church. 

4nd^  as  to  the  Knigbtes  of  Shires,  that  they  cafi 
their  Eyes  upon  the  -u^rihieft  Men  of  all  Sorts,  of 
Ktiightes  and  Gentlemen  that  are  Guides  and  Lightes 
ef  their  Countries^  of  good  Experience  and  of  great 
Integrity.  Men  that  had  hncjl  and  exemplarie 
Lief  in  their  Countries,  doing  us  good  Service  there- 
in i  ond  no  Bankrupts  or  difcantented  Perfins  that 
tannot  fjh  hut  in  troubled  fraters. 

»And,  for  the  Burgeffes,  that  they  make  Choice  of 
them  that  hefl  underfand  the  State  of  their  Countries, 
Citties^  or  Burroughes ;  and  where  juth  may  not  he 
had  within  their  Corporations y  then  of  ether  grave 
and  difcreet  Men,  fit  to  ferve  in  fo  worthy  an  Af 
femhfy.  For  we  m,!y  ivcll  fsrefee  how  ill  Effeits  the 
bad  Chiife  f  unfitt  Men  may  produce^  if  the  Houfc 
ftauld  be  fppfied  with  Baniruptes  and  neuffxtoui 

iPerfens,  that  may  deftre  long  Parliaments  for  their 
private  Prete^/ions ;  or  with  young  and  unexpertented 
Men,  thai  are  not  ripe  and  mature  forfo  grave  a 
Counceil;  or  with  Men  of  mean  ^talities  in  them- 
f/fves^  ifh  miTf  enh  ferve  to  applaud  the  Opinion  of 
ethers  on  whm  they  drpend\  nor  yHt  with  ntrions 
iind  urangHng Lawyers  who  may  fcek  Reputation  ly 
ffirrini  needle fi  ^ieJliofit\  but  ive  vnfh  all  out  good 
*  Sitlje^'-  to  underjiand  thiis  our  Afimmitions,  as  that 


^  1 1    The  Tariiamentary  History 

Ab  xSilamaL^^  noe  Way  mean  to  bar  tbem  of  their  UwfuU 
'  liL,       Freedom  in  Election,  actording  to  the  fundamental 
XjOws  and  laudable  Cujiome  of  this  our  Kingdomei 
end  eJpeciaUy  in  the  Times  of  good  end  fettled  Govern* 

Witncls  Ourfclf  at  Theobauld^  this  fixth  J>z.f 
of  November. 

On  the  Meeting  of  the  Parliament,  Jfnuary 
the  30th,  the  King  being  feated  on  his  Throne, 
was  pleafed  to  make  the  following  Speech  to  both 
Houfes.  TheSubftanceof  it,  in  Latin,  is  given  in 
the  Lords  Jcumoh.  If^'ilfcn  and  Rujbworth  have 
jnferted  one  at  Urge  j  but,  upon  comparing  iheir's 
with  the  foregoing  Speeches  of  this  King,  fo  great 
a  Di&erence  appears  both  in  Stile  and  Manner,  as 
renders  th?m  juftly  fulpcifled.  The  following  is 
the  genuine  Speech,  taken  from  Frani'yn^a  Jnnals, 
who  tells  us,  (tf)  *  That  he  bad  it  from  Mr.  Mun- 
doy^  an  Ear-WitneG  tbereof;  and,  upon  Exam i- 
nLiU^n»  we  find  it  correfponds  exadly  with  the 
iMSin  Abftraft  in  the  Journals, 

Hit  Majefty'fl 
Speech  al  fipen- 
\n%  the  ScJTion , 
Aunu  Regnl  iS, 

At  WcAminftcr, 

My  Lord}  Spiritual  and  Temporal^   and  ycu  ths 

'    TN  muUikquio  nm  deejl  peuatum^  faid  the  wifcft 
'  •»    King  that  ever  was;  and  this  Experience  I 

*  have  found  in  my  own  Perlbn ;  (or  it  is  true, 

*  thai  there  have  been  Seflions  of  Parliament  before 

*  this  Time,    wherein  1  have  made  many  Dif- 

*  cQurfes  to  the  Gentlemen  of  the  Lower  Houle, 

*  and  m  ihcm  delivered  a  true  Endeavour  of  my 
'  Heait;  But  as  no  Man*s  Occafions,    be  they 

*  never  lb  good,  can  be  free  from  Cinfurc,  in 

*  regard  of  the  Excellency  required  ro  make  Per- 

*  feftion  I  fo  it  may  be,  it  pleafcJ  GoJ,  feeing 

*  fome  Vanity  in  me,  to  fend  b;>ck  my  Words  as 

*  Wmd  fpit  into  my  own  Face     So,  as  I  may 

*  iruly  hy^  I  kave  >>J ten  piped  unto yti,  hutysuhaxfe 

*  mt  dtJtifd  J  J  h.ive  oftcu  mouvned,  hut  ym  have 

*  mt  lamented  :  But  now  I  have  put  on  this  Refo- 

(jj  Preiace  to  rr«»i^«'s  ^innpiif^ 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      313 

tolution  for  the  few  Days  that  arc  left  mc  in  this  An.  is.  Jwaeel. 
World,  wherein  I  know  not  how  for  T  have       »&«» 
offended  God  j  and  if  it  may  picafc  you,  efpeci- 
ally  of  the  Lower  Houfc,  to  apply  this  Rule 
unto  yourfelves,  you  may  find  the  more  Fruit 
*  Now  to  ihc  Errand  of  your  l>eing  called  hi- 
ther ;  for  emring  whcrcunto  the  more  eafily,  I 
will  begin  wiih  the  general  Condition  of  a  Parli- 
ament, not  to  inflpifil  you,  whom  I  fuppofe 
not  to  be  ignorant,  but  to  rcfrelh  your  Memo- 
ries ;  and  fiift  what  a  Parliament  is.    It  is  an  Af- 
'  fembly  compos'd  of  a  Head  and  a  Body:    The 
Monarch  is  the  Head,  and  the  Body  is  the  Three 
Eftates  i  which  are  called  in  al]  Monarchies  a 
'  Parliament,  which  was  ufed  and  created  at  the 
6rft  by  Monarchy  j  for  King's  were  before  Par* 
liaments;  who,  at  foon  as  tbey  had  fetilcd  a 
Form  of  Government,  and  were  willing  that 
'  their  People  {hould  be  guided  by  Laws,  called  a 
'  Parliament :   I  know  there  are  divcis  Sons  of 
'  Foreign  Parliaments,  fomc  more,  fome  !cfs  in 

■  Number ;  But  I  leave  them ;  only  this  I  would 

■  have  you  to  ofaferve,  That  it  is  a  vain  Thing 
'  fora  Pailiamcnt-Man  topreis  to  bepopular;  for 
'  there  Is  no  Sute  or  Parliament  without  a  Mo- 
'  narchy  ;  fu  the  Grizons,  Su/jffi-s  and  Low  Cautt' 
'  /r;>/,  which  are  governed  without  a  Kin^,  have 
'  no  Parli.imcnia,  but  Councils  and  Aflemblies. 
'  This  I  put  you  in  Mind  of,  that  you  fcrve  under 
^  a  Monarch,  and  ihaL  you  mult  ftand  or  fall 
'  with  it. 

'  Now  confrder,  Firft,  Who  calls  you?  Your 
'  Kiiig     Secondly,  Whom  he  calls  ?   the  Peers, 

•  who  in  refpeft  ot  the  Eminency  of  iheir  Places 
'  and  high  Hf-nours,  h^'vc  an  Intcreft  therein  by 
'  Birch  and  Inheritance,  becaufe  ihcy  are  to  aflilt 
'  the  King  in  his  grcniclt  Affiirs.     la  the  next 

•  Place  is  the  Chuch,  ihi?  Clergy  ;  yet  nut  all  of 

•  ihem,  bjt  the  principal  Heads  thereof,  the 
'  Bilhops,  whole  Holinefs  of  Life  doih  claim  a 
'  Prii'itctic  in  AdviLe,  and  in  rcl'peft  of  ihcir  Baro- 
'  Oies;  Alio  the  Kui^ts  ftaod  for  ihe  Shires,  and 

'  iho 

An.i8.  Jamcil.  ^ 

314    The  Parliamentary  Histort 

the  other  Gentlemen  for  the  Burroughs ;  of 
tlieJ'e  is  ihe  whole  Body  composM.  Thirdly^ 
Why  you  are  calttd  ;  viz.  To  advife  ihe  King 
in  bis  urgent  Affairs,  to  pivc  him  your  beft  Ad- 
vice In  I'jch  Errantis  as  he  (hall  afk  of  you,  or 
you  Owll  think  fit  to  ^  fit  his  A  J  vice  in.  The 
King  makes  Laws,  and  ye  are  to  advife  him  to 
make  fuch  as  may  be  bcft  for  ihc  Good  of  ihe 
Comm<:n-Wc2l;h:  There  is -.moiher  Caufc  alfo, 
viz.  The  Houfc  of  Commons  is  called,  for  that 
they  beft  know  ihc  parlicular  Eftateof  the  Coun- 
try ;  and  if  the  King  (hall  afk  their  Advice,  can 
beft  lell  what  is  amifs,  as  being  moft  lenfible  of 
it,  and  alfo  petition  him  to  amend  ard  redrcfs. 
You  are  the  Amhnrs  of  Suftcnance  a!fo  to  him, 
to  fupply  his  Ncceflities ;  and  this  is  the  proper 
Ule  of  Parliaments.  Here  ihcy  are  to  oif^r 
what  they  think  fit  to  fupply  his  Wants  j  and 
he  is  in  Lieu  hereof  to  afford  them  Mercy  and 
Juftice;  and  this  is  ihat  I  boldly  fay,  and  am 
not  aiham'd  to  fpcak  it,  that  all  People  owe  a 
Kind  of  Tribute  to  their  King,  as  a  Thanlcful- 
nefs  to  him  for  his  l>ove  to  them ;  and  where 
there  is  this  Sympathy  between  the  King  and 
his  People,  it  breeds  a  happy  Parliament. 
'  Thuf^  much  of  the  general  Condition  and 
rpecial  Ule  of  P.:rliaments  in  this  Kingdom. 
Now  I  come  to  the  particular  Caufcs  whicl^ 
moved  me  to  call  this  Parliament. 

•  Firft,  as  in  all  Parliaments,  the  King  muft 
have  a  Care  to  make  good  Laws;  for  en 
mails  Moribus  hcnts  Leges  oriuntur :  For  the  elder 
the  World  glows.  Men  become  the  more  wife, 
ibe  more  crafty,  and  the  more  finful;  and  there- 
fore the  more  Need  to  make  new  Laws  for  new 
Crimes.  And  here  I  am  in  a  large  Subje^,  yet 
becaufeof  my  intended  Brevity,  I  will  fpeak  of 
no  Particulars,  but  hold  it  beft  to  leave  it  to  the 
Times  wherein  you  fhould  both  fee  and  read 

*  Firft,  For  Religion  there  arc  Laws  enough, 
ib  as  the  cmc  Jntcnt  and  Execution  foUow  ;  the 

*  4Iaia* 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.    315 

'  Maintenance  of  Religion  ftands  in  two  Points:  *'*'\*j£""'' 
■  r.Perfuafion,  which  muft  precede;  2.  Compul- 
'  fion,  which  muft  follow  ;  for  as  all  the  World 
'  cannot  create  a  new  Creature,  be  it  never  fo 

*  little,  fo  no  Law  of  Man  can  make  a  good  Chri- 

*  ftian  in  Heart,  without  inward  Grace  j  but  the 

*  Minifter  mull  pcrfuade,  and  leave  the  SucceCs  to 

*  God  ;  and  if  ih«re  were  not  fo  many  Priefts  and 

*  Jefuils,  there  would  not  be  fo  many  perverted 
'  to  111 ;  yet  it  Is  not  enough  to  truft  to  a  good 

*  Caufc  and  let  it  go  alone ;  likewlfe  the  bufy 

*  Puritans,  do  but  (ee  how  bufy  (hey  are  in  per- 

*  fuading  the  People.   But  God  forbid  that  I  fhould 

*  compel  Mens  Confciences,  but  leave  them  to 

*  the  Law  of  the  Kingdom  i  for  the  Rumour  that 

*  is  fpread,  that  I  fliould  loleraie  Religion  in  refpeCt 

*  of  this  Match,  which  hath  been  long  intrcatcU 

*  with  Spain  for  my  Son,   I  profels  I  will  do  no- 

*  thing  thaein  which  (hall  not  be  honourable,  and 
"  for  the  Good  of  Religion  :  The  Trial  which 
'  you  have  of  my  Works  and  Writings, 
'  wherein  I  have  been  a  Martyr,  torturM  in  th? 

*  Mouths  01   many  idle  Fellows,  mny  give  yoy 

*  ample  Teftimony  of  my  Integrity,    in  fuch  9. 

*  Son,  as  I  hope  you  truft  the  Wiidom  of  your 

*  King  fo  far  ns  that  I  will  never  do  one  Thing  io 
'  Priv.ue,  and  -another  in  Publick :  But  if,  after 

*  this  my  Declaration,  any  fliall  tranfgrefs,  bbmc 
'  not  me  if  I  fee  ihcm  feverely  punifbed. 

'  Now  the  main  Errand,  to  I'peak Truth,  which 
'  I  have  callM  you  for,  is  for  a  Supply  of  my 
'  urgent  Neceffities ;  ye  can  all  bear  me  Witncft  I 

*  have  reigned   18  Years  among  you;  if  It  be  ji 

*  Fault  in  me,  thai  you  have  been  at  Peace  all  this 

*  while,  I  pny  you  pardon  it ;  fori  take  it  for  an 

*  Honour  to  mc  thai  ye  fliouId  live  quietly  under 

*  your  Vines  m\C  Fig-Trees,  eating  rhe  Fruit  of 

*  your  own  Labours,  and  myfelf  to  be  a  juft  and 

*  merciful  King  to  you  ;  ye  have  not  been  troubled 
'  with  preffing  of  Men,  and  with  a  ihoufand  In- 

*  conveniences  which  the  Difaflcr  of  War  pro- 
f  duceth  J  and  yet  within  ihefc  18  Y&us  I  have 


As.  i8'  June*  I. 
1 6x0. 

31 5    The  Tarlsamentary  Histort 

had  lefs  Supplies  than  many  Kings  before.  The 
Uft  QuccD  fof  famous  Memory^  was  fo  far  fup- 
plied  in  her  Time,  as  it  griw  10  an  annual  Con- 
iribution  ;  which  by  Computation  came  to 
135,0001.  a  Year  at  the  leaft.  I  had  never  above 
four  Subfidies,  and  fix  Fifteenths ;  I  challenge 
no  morcDefert  than  (he  i  but  fure  I  am,  I  have 
governed  you  aa  peaceably  the  Time  fmce  my 
Supply  hath  been,  as  if  Women  with  Child, 
qua  decern  tuferunt  Fajiidia  Menfiiy  who  afier  ten 
Months  Longing  are  delivered  of  tbeir  Burden ; 
but  i  have  [wvailed  ten  Years,  and  therefore 
now  full  Time  to  be  delivered  of  my  Wants-  I 
was  ever  willing  to  fparc  you  iili  now.  It  is  true, 
7" wo  Arguments  were  ufed  in  oiher  Parliaments 
againft  Supplies:  Firit,  Th^t  many  Subfidies 
had  been  given  by  them,  and  chercfore  they  re- 
quired a  Time  of  Relpiration  ;  which  Objeflion 
is  nuw  taken  away :  I  he  other  was.  That  my 
Treafure  was  ccnfuJedly  governed  by  me  i  fo  as 
fome  did  not  (kick  to  fay,  that  ihty  would  give 
me  all  they  had,  wtre  they  fure  it  would  come 
into  my  Puric :  Now  you  have  feen  Trial  of 
my  late  Care  m  two  Years  laft  pafti  in  looking 
into  the  Particulars  of  my  Eftaie,  wherein  I  muft 
confels  that  1  have  found  my  Revenue,  as  'Job'^ 
Friends,  forfaking  me.  In  my  Houfhold  Ex- 
pence  I  have  abated  1 0,000 1,  per  Annum  \  in  the 
Navy  I  abated  25,000!.  per  jfnum -,  and  fhorJy 
hope  to  abate  io,oool.  more  in  mine  Ordnance  5 
I  h.ive  brought  mine  Expencis  from  34,000  U 
to  i4,cool.  and  yet  was  loih  at  firft  to  Uiink 
that  Things  were  fo  much  out  of  Order ;  but  at 
the  laft,  by  Means  ot  the  Information  of  fome 
private  honeil  Gentlemen,  I  was  induced  to 
enter  inio  a  par:icul;ir  Survey  ;  and  herein  fuch 
was  the  Love  of  my  young  Admiral  to  me,  as 
he  took  the  only  Envy  of  all  upon  himfelf  for  my 
Sate  ;  .-;nd  tho'  be  but  young,  yet  I  find  him  tru« 
in  Faith,  and  an  honeft  Man,  who  hath  had  the 
better  Succefs  in  all  the  reft  ;  he  took  under  him- 
fclf  divers  CommifTioncrs,  as  a  young  Comman- 

'  dcr 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      317 

*  dcrfhouW  do,  the  better  to  prefcrvc  him  from^O'*^-J»'°»^* 
«  Errors,  and  then  fought  no  Reward,   but  my       '^*^' 

«  good  Service;  yet  went  nevcrthelefs  through 

*  all  with  a  great  Diligence  and  happy  SucceS; 

*  and  therefore  I  hope  the  Kingdom  fhall  fay  I 

*  have  a  true  Care  of  my  Eftaie,  not  taking  from 

*  others,  by  Violence,  Houlb  or  Land,  but  go- 

*  vcrning  my  own  with  good  Huftardry :  Aiid 

*  now  I  look  your  Supply  will  not  fall  mto  a  bot- 

*  lomlefsPurle. 

•  The  next  Caufe  of  your  calling  is  for  an  urgent         ■ 

*  Neccfllty,  the  miferable  and  torn  Eftatc  of  Chri- 

*  Jlendum  \  which  none  that  hath  an  honeft  Heart, 

*  can  look  on  without  a  weeping  Eye.     I  was  not 

*  the  Caufe  ofthe  Beginning  thereof,  [God  knows) 

*  but  I  pray  God  1  may  be  a  happy  Inftrument  of 
«  a  happy  Ending  the  Wars  in  Bohemia;  1  mean, 

*  wherein  the  Stales  expcllM  the  Emperor,  and 

*  chofe  my  Son  in-Law  their  King:  I  was  re- 

*  quelled  at  firft  by  both  Sides  to  make  an  Agree- 

*  mcnt  between  ihem  i  which  coft  me  3000 1.  in 

*  fending  Doma/ier  on  an  Embafly  for  that  Pur- 

*  pofe.    In  the  mean  Time  they  call  off  ail  Alle- 

*  giance,  and  chofe  my  Son,  who  fent  to  me  to 

*  know  whether  he  fhouM  take  the  Crown  upon 

*  him  or  not ;  and  yet  within  three  Days  after, 

*  before  I  could  return  my  Anfwcr,   took  the 

*  Crown  on  his  Head ;   and  then  1  was  loth  to 

*  meddle  in  it  at  all,  for  three  Rcafona. 

•  Firft,  1  would  not  make  Religion  the  Caufe  of 

*  depoling  Kings.     I  leave  that  Caufe  to  the  Je-  . 
'  fuits,  to  make  Religion  a  Caufe  to  lake  away 

*  Crowns. 
'  Next»  I  was  not  a  fit  Judge  between  them  j 

*  for  they  might  after  fay   to  me,  as  he  faid  to 

*  Afojis^  lyko  made  tbte  a  Judge  over  us  ?  And 

*  myfelf  would  not  be  content  that  they  Ihould 

*  judge  whether  I  were  a  King  or  nor. 

'  Laflly,  Becaufe  I  had  been  a  Meddler  between 

*  them,   and  then  jo  dcermine  my  Son  might 

*  take  the  Crown  upon  him,  had  been  unpioper  ; 
'  and  yet  i  left  not  off,  io  far  as  Nature  compell'd 

*  me 


3 1 S     Ti>ff  Farltameittary  Hi  sTORr 

Ao.  iS.J«n»i.«  me,  to  admit  his  Good.  I  permitted  a  voluntary 

'  Coiuriburion,  to  preferve  the  Pahtinatty  which 
'  came  to  a  great  Sum;  for  that  Purpofel  borrow- 
'  ed  aUb75,cooJ.  of  my  Brother  of  Detmari, 
•  ai;d  nowbavcfenttohim  tomakcil  up  ioo,oool. 
'  and  all  this  have  1  done  with  the  Charge  of  Am- 
'  baJladors,  rtnd  otherwife  ;  which  have  rifen  to 
'  an  infinite  Sum,  which  I  have  born  myfclf, 
'  and  hath  coft  me  above  200,oool.  in  preferving 
^  the  Pabtincts  from  invading,  finding  no  Hope 
'  of  the  reft,  befidcs  300,000 1.  and  bcfidcs  the  vo- 
'  lunlary  Contribution  :  And  I  am  now  to  take 
'  Care  for  a  worfe  Danger  againft  next  Summer, 
'  albeit,  I  will  leave  no  Travel  untried  to  obtain  a 
'  happy  Peace;  but  I  thought  good  to  be  armed 
'  agamft  the  worfe  Time,  it  being  bcft  to  intrcat 
'  of  Peace  with  a  Sword  in  my  Hand.  Now  I 
'  ihal!  labour  to  prefcrve  the  Reft  \  wherein  I  de- 
'  dare,  that  if  by  fair  Means  I  cannot  get  it,  my 
'  Crov^'n,  and  Honour  and  all  (hall  be  fpent  with 
'  my  Son's  Blood  allb,  but  I  will  gel  il  for  him  : 
'  And  this  is  the  Caufe,  for  all  the  Caufes  of  Re-- 
'  ligion  are  involved  in  it ,  for  they  will  alter  Re- 
'  ligion  where  ihey  conquer,  and  io  perhaps  my 
'  Grand-Child  may  fuffer,  who  haih  committed 
'  no  Fault  at  all.  There  is  nothing  done  without 
'  a  fpcedy  Supply,  and  tii  dat  qui  cits  dat ;  wherc- 
'  fore  1  hope  you  will  no  more  fail  me  now,  than 
you  have  done  my  PrcdcccUors.  In  this  I  maft 
trufl  your  Cues;  and  I  think  if  a  Man  could 
fee  all  your  Hearts  in  one  Face,  it  would  teftify 

■  a  general  Acclamation  of  this  my  Motion 

Coiifi-itr  who  it  is  that  moves  you,  yourKmg; 
and  bis  Care  of  Reformation,  and  the  Charges 
which  he  hath  difcharged,  befides  40,000 1.  of 
late  in  the  Pyratical  Wari  ^tid  confid«r  if  I  dc- 
fervc  not  yuur  RefpeiV*.' 
*  For  your  Pi^rts  you  may  be  informed  of  fome- 
thing  nt  to  be  required  of  Me  for  Matter  of  Ju- 
ftice;  I  never  diredly  nor  otherwife  defired  the 
contrary ;  for  which  Purpofe  I  have  chofen 
Judges  of  the  beft  Learning  and  Integrity  that  I 

•  couW 


0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     315? 

could;  and  if  they  prove  unjuft,  I  will  rot  fpareAn.  iSJameil, 
them.  It's  ftrange  thai  my  Mint  hath  not  gone 
this  eight  or  nine  Years  -,  but  1  think  the  Fault 
of  the  Want  of  Money,  is  the  uneven  balancing 
of  Trade;  For  other  Things  (I  Confefs)  1  have 
been  liberal ;  but  the  main  Caufe  of  my  Wants 
hath  been  the  ill  G<jvernmeiu  of  ihofe  whom  I 
have  trufted  under  mc:  For  BounTy,  I  will 
not  make  every  Day  a  Chriflmai  j  and  yet  it 
may  be  J  have  nun  myfelf  in  feme,  and  in  o- 
thers  my  Subjetts ;  but  if  I  be  truly  informed, 
I  will  rightly  reform  ;  but  for  you  to  hunt  after 
Grievances  to  the  Prejudice  of  your  King  and 
your  Iclves,  is  not  the  Errand:  Deal  with  me 
as  I  deferve  at  your  Hands  j  I  will  leave  nothing 
undone  that  becomes  a  juft  King,  if  you  deal 
with  me  accordingly.  I  know  this  Parliament 
haih  been  of  great  Expe^tion  ;  and  fo  was  that 
at  my  firft  Coming,  when  I  knew  not  the  State  of 
this  Land.  I  was  then  led  by  the  old  Counfellors 
I  found  which  the  old  Queen  had  left,  and  it 
may  be  there  was  a  Miflcading,  and  a  Mifunder- 
ftanding  between  us,  which  bred  an  Abruption  : 
And  at  ibe  laft  Parliament  there  came  up  a 
ftrange  Kind  of  Beafls  called  Undertakers y  a. 
Name  which  in  my  Nature  1  abhor;  which 
cauled  a  DiQblution  j  now  you  have  the  Ad- 
vantage, that  I  call  you  out  of  my  free  Mo- 
lion,  and  my  Truft  is  in  your  good  Offices  for 
my  good  Eftace;  even  in  all  and  every  one  of  you 
I  hope  1  want  not  good  SubjeOsi  and  I  alfure 
you,  ye  fliall  find  an  honeft  King  of  me  :  How 
happy  a  Fame  will  it  be  that  he  is  reverenced 
and  loved  by  his  People,  and  reciprocally  loves 
tliem  ?  Now  fhall  I  be  honoured  by  my  Neigh- 
bour Princes,  and  ray  Government  peradventure 
made  an  Example  for  Poftcrity  to  follow. 
And  fol  leave  you.* 

After  the  King  had  ended,  the  Lord  Chancellor, 
Sir  Francis  BMsn  Vifcount  St.  Alban,  by  his 
Majefty's  Command,  directed  the  Commons  to 


3ao    The  Tarllamentary  History 

chufc  a  Speaker;  who  prcfcnted  7^«a;  Rithard" 
le'i™  >«i  E*qi  Serjeant  at  Law,  for  that  Office ;  and 
he,  with  the  utual  Ceremonies,  was  approved  of. 
Tbonui  Rich-  In  Order  to  give  the  Proceedings  of  this  Parlia- 
•rdfon,  Er«u  nient,  with  the  Utmoft  Impartiality,  we  fhall  keep 
eJefledSpeiJctr.  ^^j^j^  ^^  ^j^^  Authority  of  the  Journals  i  except 
'  where  Rujhworth,  or  any  other  Hiltorian  intervenes, 

with  fome  Circumftances  not  taken  notice  of  in  the 
former.  By  the  fame  Rule  we  may  be  able  to  de- 
left any  Fallacies,  which  the  Prejudice  of  Party, 
now  beginning  to  run  high  between  King  and  Par- 
liament, may  have  given  Rife  to.  For  this  End 
we  fhall  adhere,  more  clofcly,  to  the  Proceedings 
of  this  Parliament,  in  Die  ad  Diem,  than  we 
hitherto  have  done;  the  Juftnefs  of  which  Metliod 
it  is  hoped  will  compenlate  for  the  Tedioufnefs 
of  it. 

The  ilrft  Day  of  doiog  Bufinefs,  in  the  Houfe 
of  Lords,    was  Ftbruary  5ih,    when   the  Lord 
Chancellor   moved     the   Houfe,     '   That    fucli 
as  have  any  Proxy  from  any  Lord,  licenced  by 
his  Majefty  lo  be  abfent,    (hould  deliver  the  fame 
to  the  Clerk  of  that  Houfe;  and  that  every  Lord 
ihould  caufe  the  Writ  of  Summons,  to  him  direc- 
ted,  to  he  given  to  the  fame  Clerk ;  to  the  End 
p^^fTwrU^^t  by  thefe  Proxies  and  Summons,  fo  entered, 
fot   fummoniDi  It  may  better  appear  who  was  abfent. 
the  Pern,  After  this,    the  Lord  North  ^ooA  up  and  ac- 

quainied  the  Houfe,  That  having  read  and  con- 
^lered  of  the  Summons,  directed  to  himfelf,  htf 
found  the  fame  to  vary  from  the  former  and  an- 
tient  Form  of  Writs  of  that  Nature.  The  Con- 
fidencion  ot  which  was  by  their  LortJfhips  referred 
to  the  Committees,  which  (hail  be  nominated  and 
appointed  to  conlider  of  the  Orders  and  Cuftoms 
tii  this  Houfe,  the  Privileges  of  the  Peers  of  the 
Kingdom,  and  Lords  of  Parliament.  A  Com- 
mittee was  immediately  named  for  that  Purpofe, 
coiitirting  of  the  Archbifhop  of  Cantirbury^  ail 
the  great  Officers  of  State,  cisht  E.:rls,  fix  Bifhops, 
ind  fifteen  Barons.  Thefe  had  Power  to  call  to 
»nend  them  tlw  Chief  Lord  Juftice,  fome  other 




Judges,  the  Attorney  General,  ana  lucnorneroi  An.  iS-jamot'l 
his  Majefly^s  Council    as    ihey    thought    fit,    to        1610* 
meet  in  the  painted  Chamber,  after  the  Rifing  of 
the  Houle. 

February  8.  Several  Lords  were  cxcufed  Attend- 
Tkuct  for  Want  of  Health,  or  on  other  Occafions. 
The  fame  Day  one  Richard  Camell,  a  Clerk  in 
the  Petty  Bag-Office,  was  hrought  10  the  Bar 
of  the  Hcule  of  Lords,  to  anfwer  a  Complaint 
made  againrt  him,  for  omitting  in  the  Body  of  the 
Writs,  dircfled  (o  fcvcral  Lords,  ihcle  Words* 
pirdileCio^  fideB  no/lro^  and  had  only  given  the 
Names  of  fuch  Lords,  to  whom  the  fajd  Writs  were 
dirctlcd-  And  though  the  faid  Carnell  did  then 
and  iliere,  on  his  Knees  at  the  Bar,  humbly  ac- 
Icnowlc5ii,e  his  Fault  and  declared  himfelf  very  pe- 
nitent for  the  lame;  yet,  as  he  was  not  able  to  ex- 
cufc  or  malic  any  Defence  for  his  Negleifl,  and 
bccaufe  it  was  held  jufUy  oScnfivc  10  thofe  Lords 
whom  it  particuliirly  concerned,  and  lo  be  much 
againit  the  Honour  and  Dignity  of  the  Houfe ;  by 
unanimous  Confent,  the  faid  CameU  wa3  comroil- 
tcd  Prifoncr  to  the  Fleet. 

This  t>Ayy  a  Report  was  made  from  the  Com- 
mittee of  Privilt^ca,  (Sc.  and  a  Schedule,  or  Note^ 
was  delivered  in  of  what  they  had  already  done, 
and  bow  they  intended  to  proceed.  It  was  or- 
dered that  the  faid  Note  fliould  not  be  entered  or 
regiflrud  till  towards  the  End  of  this  prelcnt  Par- 
liament, when  a  Detail  of  all  their  Pioceedings 
was  to  be  given  in,  and,  on  which  the  Houle  was 
to  order  accordingly* 

Feb.  10.  An  Order  was  made  for  the  En- 
largement of  Rkhard  Camd!^  on  his  humble  Peti- 
tion to  the  HoLife.  And  the  Houle  was  called  over, 
when  every  Lord  anfwered  diftindly  (o  his  Name, 
beginning  with  Charles  Prince  of  JVaUsy  and  io 
defcendingdown  to  the  youngeft  Baron. 

Feh,  14.  The  Lords  being  informed  that  fome 
Mcll'engers  from  ihe  Commons  attended  at  the 
Door,  they  were  called  in.  When  Sir  Edward 
Coke^  accompanied  with  the  Lord  Caundijht  Sir 

Vol.  V.  X  Fuli 

34a    The  Tarliamentary  Histort 

Aii.i8.hinesl.  f«^  ^^^''j  Chancellor  of  the  Exchequer,  the 
I'foo.       Treafurer  of  the  Houlhold,  Mr.  Secretary  Calvert^ 
and  feveral  others  of  that  Houfe,  delivered  the 
following  Mel&ge  to  the  Lords. 
Xcoofbeace  for     '  That  the  Houfe  of  Commons  do  pray  a  Con- 
patring  the  Uwi  ference,  concerning  joining  in  Petition  by  Com- 
"■^f?^™  *'  niittees  of  both  Houfes»  unto  his  Majefty,  for  the 
«^J'^""'*'- better  Execution  of  the  Laws  againft  7^>i/f,  5^ 
minary  Priefts  and  Popijb  Reeufants ;  and  this,  by 
the  Nether  Houfe,  is  deflred  to  be  with  all  conve- 
nient Expedition.' 

After  the  Meflengers  were  withdrawn,  the  Houfe 
took  the  Meflage  into  Conlideration ;  the  Dcfiieof 
the  Commons  was  generally  approved  on,  and  a 
Committee  for  the  Conference  was  appointed. 

At  the  Requeft  of  the  Archbifhop  of  Catittrbtajt 
a  Sub- Committee  of  nine  Lords  was  named,  for 
the  Matter  of  Cuftoms  and  Privileges,  &(.  inftead 
of  the  greater  Number  aforefaid. 

Feb.  15. The  Lord  Chancellor  declared  thathisMa- 
jefty,  having  been  mov*d  to  know  his  Pleafure  when 
the  Committees  of  both  Houfes  fliall  wait  on  hinii 
wilb  their  Petition,  relating  to  Jejuitst  tff.  bad 
appointed  5i2/ar^<j)'  the  17  th  Inftant  for  ihatPur- 
pofe.  The  Lord  Chancellor  was  defired  to  be  the 
Common  Mouth,  in  delivering  the  Petition  from 
both  Houfes  to  the  King :  But  fome  Debates 
arifing,  about  the  Fotra  of  the  Petition,  the  Con- 
iideration  thereof  was  referred  till  next  Morning. 

February  16.  It  was  moved,  that  fince  the  Cooi* 
mons  delired  his  Majefty  to  declare  himfelf  iot  the 
Execution  of  the  Laws  againft  JefuitSt  Seminary 
Priefts  and  Popijh  Reeufants,  by  Proclamation, 
whether,  to  the  Word  Proclamation,  or  otherynfi^ 
ihould  not  be  added?  Upon  a  Divifion  of  tha 
Houfe»  it  was  carried  for  the  additional  Words  s 
but,  with  Provifo,  That  if  the  Commons  did  pot 
approve  of  them  they  (hould  be  left  out  in  the 
Petition.  The  Committee  of  Lords  having  ac- 
quainted that  of  the  Commons  with  this  Rdblu- 
Cion,  the  Commons  infifted  upon  it  that  notbing 
formerly  agreed  to  ihould  ceceive  any  Alteration 



0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      ^2^ 

in  Matter  or  Form.     The  Prince  was  of  the  Lords  An.  is.  JamwI. 
Committee.  »<». 

This  Day,  alfo,  the  Lord  Chancellor  acquainted 
the  Houfe  wiih  an  odd  Affair,  concerning  a  Quar- S^rS'^J^J 
rel  or  Jar  happening  between  two  noble  Members  tSEiriofBwk- 
of  that  Houfc,  the  Earl  of  Berkjhin  and  the  Lord  *'«  ""^  I*""^ 
Stroep  J  namely,  that  the  former  did  pufli,  or  thruft,  ^*"P » 
the  other,  forcibly,  in  the  Houfc,  asainft  Uie  Ho- 
nour and  Dignity  of  it- 
He  reupon,  both  ihe  faid  Lords  were  called  lo 
the  Bar  toanfwcr  the  Mifdcmeanoraforcfaid  i  and, 
it  appearing,  by  Proof,  that  the  faid  Earl  was  the 
Aggreflbr,  and  did  violently  pufh  the  Lord  Scro&p  i 
they  were  both  ordered  to  withdraw  into  feparaie 
Rooms,  till  the  Houfe  could  take  Conlideration  of 
this  Matter.     Soon  after  the  Earl  of  Bsrijhirc  be- 
ing called  again  lo  the  Bar  of  the  Houfe,  and  being 
on  his  Knees,  the  Lord  Chancellor  told  him  that 
the  Houfe  had  confidered  of  his  B^auU,  which  they 
found  to  be  very  great  i  in  that  his  Lordfliip  be- 
ing a  Peer,    who  therefore   fliould  be  tender  of 
ihe  Privileges  of  the  Houfe,  had,  in  the  Houfc  and 
in  the  Prelencc  of  the  Prince  hLs  Highneis,  offered 
Force  to  a  Member  of  the  fame.     The  Ccufure 
therefore  was,  that  his  Lordfhip  be  committed  clofe  — . 
Prifoncr  to  the  Fket^  unlit  the  Houfe  (hould  take  ^"P;"*J^! 
funher  Order  in  thai  Caufe.    The  Gentleman- mitted  to  tJu 
U/her  was  ordered  to  attend  the  faid  Earl  to  his*"^"- 
own  Houfe,   at  his  Requeft,  but  difarmed,  and 
from  thence  to  the  Etei. , 

Afterwards  the  Lord  S£r(»p  was  called  for  and 
brought  into  the  Houfe,  and  ordered  to  his  Place; 
to  whom  (landing  uncovered,  the  Lord  Chancel- 
lor declared,  That  the  Lords  had  confidered  of  the 
Nature  of  the  Fault  whert  with  he  flood  charged, 
and  fouivj  him  not  worthy  of  Blame,  for  any 
Fault  of  Commiffion,  but  only  of  OraifUun,  in 
not  compl.iining  to  the  Houi'e.  That  otlicrwlfe 
he  had  carried  himfelf  icmiierarely,  and  therefore 
it  was  the  Pleafute  of  the  Houfe  he  fhouid  keep 
bis  Place. 

An.  iS.Jametl. 

of  PriviJfgE. 

324    Tfjc  Parliamentary  Histort 

Fehruary  17.  Some  Reports  were  made  to  the 
Houlc  by  the  Sub-Committee  on  Cuftoms  and  Pri- 
vileges, viz.  Thai  they  delired  Aulhurtty  to  be 
piven  them,  to  depute  fomp  proper  Perlbns  to  have 
Rccourle  10,  and  rn^ke  Search  amongft  any  of  the 
Records  of  the  Crown  for  Matters  rcUiing  to 
them  i  for  the  more  Eafe  and  fpeedier  Proceeding 
in  that  Bufinels.  That  they  may,  alfo,  have 
Power  to  perufe  daily,  and  rectify  what  they 
Ihinlc  fit  in  the  Journal  Books  of  this  Houfc,  now 
or  hereafter  to  be  entered  there  by  the  Clerk  of 
Parliament;  both  which  was  agreed  to. 

The  Lord  Hurr/don,  one  of  the  faid  Committee, 
acquainted  the  Houfe,  That,  in  one  of  their  late 
Mectmgs*  a  Debate  arofe,  in  which  the  Opinion 
of  two  J'Jdges,  who  were  appointed  to  attend 
Proceedinej  of  *^''^'"»  ^^^  billed.  That  the  fatd  Judges  were  un- 
(hc  Lords  t;om-  Willing  10  deliver  any  Opinion,  or  to  enter  into 
mittec  in Mattrt  any  Difcoutfe  about  It  i  becaute,  as  they  alledged, 
ihe  Matter  propofed  touched  the  King's  Preroga- 
tive. But  the  Committee,  conceiving  that  iJie 
fame  did  not  any  way  concern  the  Prerogative  of 
the  Crown,  do  think  fuch  Forbearance  in  the 
Judges,  to  fatisfy  them  in  this  Matter,  very  dif- 
[afteful  and  difliking  to  them. 

This  was  fcconded  by  the  Lord  H'}ughton^  who 
addtd,  What  the  noble  Lord  betore  had  fpokcn  did 
not  proceed  from  Curiofny  in  the  Committee  \ 
for,  upon  PeruCil  of  the  Writ  of  Summons  to 
the  Judges,  they  find  that  they  are  thereby  called 
Cofijjfium  iwpenjurh.  Laftly,  he  laid,  that  the 
Committee  was  as  lender  of  his  Majefty's  Prero- 
gative as  was  fitting.  Hereupon  it  was  ordered, 
that  both  thofc  Judges  fliould  aicrnd  the  Houfc,  to 
anfwer  this  Affair,  at  their  next  Silting. 

The  fame  Day  the  Lord  Scroop  moved  the 
Houfe  for  the  Ejil.trgemciit  of  the  Earl  of  Berk- 
finre^  committed  for  an  Oifence  againft  himielf 
and  the  Honour  of  the  Houfe.  It  was  ordered,  that 
the  faid  Earl  Ihould  immediately  have  the  Liberty 
of  the  Prifon,  but  to  continue  there  till  the  Houfc 
fliall  lake  further  Order  therein. 





Of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.        325 

February  r^.  The  Lord  Chancellor  madeaRe- An.i9.  jwnetj, 
port  to  the  Lords  of  what  had  palled  at  ihe  Accefs  1620. 
of  both  Houfcs  unto  lib  Majcfty's  Prefence,  on 
Saturday  ]aft.  His  Lordfhip's  Relation  was  Iwiof, 
as  he  told  them,  as  well  bccaufe  moft  of  all  iheir 
Lordfhips  were  then  prefcnt ;  but,  principally,  for 
that  his  Lordfhip  knew,  and  willingly  acknow- 
ledged, he  was  no  way  able,  in  any  Degree,  to 
deliver  it  in  fuch  Sort  as  his  Majefty  fpake  it. 

The  Lord  Beri/hin's  Sufamillion  having  been 
delivered  in  Writing,  it  was  openly  read  in  hac 

My  Lords, 

/  am  -wonder full  firry  t9  have  fo  merjh^  ^'yfilft 
0$  to  kave  done  any  thing  ff^^U^^M  ^'M^d  the'^^^^,°l^^^^ 
Hmfii  f/pedalfy,  at  fuch  a  Time  as  hh  liighncpaadma. 
was  therein  \  which  I  defire  your  Lord/hips  to  con- 
ceive t9  have  proteeded  out  sf  Judden  Pajpm-,  in  re- 
fptH  ef  a  Conceit  and  ApprehtnUan  of  a  Diflajh 
given  me.  But  flill  1  fubmit  myfelf  to  your  Lord- 
fbrpi  grave  and  wife  Centre,  humbly  requtfling  your 
Lerajhip;  to  adept  of  this,  as  Satisfaction ,  from  him 
that  will  ever  be^ 

Your  Lordfliips  humble  Servant, 

F.  Bekkshire. 

After  the  Reading  of  a  Bill  of  no  public  Con- 
cern, the  Lord  Berkjhire  was  called,  and  being  di- 
re^cd  to  Hand  up,  from  his  Knees,  the  Lord 
Chancellor  fpoke  to  him  to  this  Efte<5l : 

My  Lord  of  Berkjhirey 

IP'kfn  you  were  laji  berf  ysu  heard  of  ymr  Fault 
undPuniJhmcntj  now  you  /ball  of  your  Re'.eafement  : 
The  Lords  having  under/food  arid  nebly  ccnfidered  of 
your  SubmiJJion  \  and  the  Partyyefpeeially  grieved,  be- 
ing a  Suiter  for  your  Difiharge,  whereunto  all  their 
Lffrdjhipi  have  yislded-y  with  this,  that  a  public  Re- 
^^     concilement  and  SathJa£lion  be  made  between  you. 

^K         The  Lord  Berkjhire  then  went  to  the  Prince  at 
r         the  upper  End  of  the  Houfc,  and,  on  his  Knees, 

326    TIj€  Tarlsatnentary  HisTour 

Aa.  i8.r»M«i.  *^"^  fomewbat  in  a  low  Voice  to  him ;  it  was  not 
'  1610.      *  beard  by  ihc  reft  of  the  Lords,  but  tliought  to  be 
an  Acknowledgment  and  Submiflron  for  his  Of- 
fence committed  in  his  Highnefs's  Prcfence.     Af- 
terwards the  Lord  Scroep  went  from  his  Place  to 
the  Prince,  and  there,  in  Prelencc  of  his  Highnefs 
and  many  of  the  Lords  (landing  by,  the  aforefaid 
Vpon  liif  R«on-  *^*°  Lords  were  reconciled.    The  Lord  Chancel- 
dfrrorat  With    Jor  being  retarned  to  his  Place,  openly  rehearfed 
li^  Scroop,  he  j^j^  Matter  to  the  Houfe;  and  added.  That  if  ei- 
II  difchiPBtd.     jjjg^  qP  j^g  f_j.j  hoxAs^  fo  reconciled,  ihould  at 
any  Time  hereafter,  do,  or  offer  to  the  other, 
any  Wrong,  contrary  to  this  Reconcilemeni ;  the 
Parly,  fo  offendinp,  would  be  deem'd  guilry  of  an 
high  Offence  to  the  Prince  and  Contempt  of  the 

Fibmary  ao.  A  MclTage  was  fenl  from  the 
Lords  10  the  Lower  Houlc,  defiring  a  Conference, 
in  which  the  Subftance  of  his  Majefty's  Anfwcr  to 
the  late  Petition  of  both  Houfes,  might  be  deli- 
vered to  them,  hy  the  Lord  Chancellor,  who  by 
common  Confent  had  been  appointed  the  Pro- 
locutor of  both  Lords  and  Commons,  on  that  Oc- 
cafion.  The  Time,  if  it  was  convenient  to  them, 
forthwith  in  the  Fainted  Chambir, 

This  was  agreed  to  by  ihe  Commons ;  and  on 
the  Return  of  the  Lords  Committee,  the  Lord 
Chancellor  acquainted  the  whole  Houfe,  That  he 
hid  communicated  theSubllance  of  his  M.ijcfty*s 
Anfwer  to  the  Committee  of  the  other  fioufe, 
from  (uch  Notes  as  he  had  taken  of  it,  when  it 
was  given.  That,  thereupon,  %\r  Edward  Cch, 
Oiic  of  their  Ctimmittee,  had  delired  him  to  let 
thtm  have  the  Memorial  in  Writing  which  he  had 
taken;  fince  they  of  the  other  Houfe  had  delivered 
in  iheir  Suit,  or  Petition,  in  the  fame  Manner, 
To  this  he  anfwcred.  That  forafmuch  as  the  Pa- 
per, on  which  he  took  the  faid  Memorial  was 
iinall,  and  unfit  for  public  Perufal,  he  defired  he 
might  have  Time,  till  To  morrow,  to  perfeft  his 
^aid  Notes. 





0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      32/ 

ThtQueftion  being  then  put.  Whether  theyAa.i3.  j»»«i; 
fliould  be  delivered  in  the  Manner  the  Chancellor       1620. 
mentioned  ?  It  pafl'cd  in  the  Affirmatire.    The 
Lord  Hunfdtn  moved  that  the  Original  fliould  rc- 
maiji  with  the  Clerk  of  this  Houfe,   but  vras  not 

Nothing  material  happening  to  come  before  the 
Lords  for  fome  Days,  their  Time  being  taken  up 
in  reading  of  private  Bills,  or  fuch  as  did  not  greatly 
afFcft  the  Public,  and  heating  Con:pUints  on 
Breach  of  Privilege  for  Arrcfts,  ^c,  we  fliall  now  ' 
look  into  the  Houfe  of  Commons. 

They  firft  fet  out  wiih  Religion  ;  a  Jsve  Prin-  j^y^^^^  ;„  ^^ 
cipiumy  as  Sir  "James  Perrot  faid  i  who  moved,  commons, 
'  That  all  the  Members  ot  the  Houfe  might  lake 
the  Communion ;  which  was  a  Touchflone  of 
their  Faith/  Sir  Edward  Gyia  moved  for  *  Liberty 
of  Speech,  bat  not  to  admit  extravagant  Speeches ; 
and  that  fuch  {hould  be  punifhed  in  that  Houfe. 
That  there  were  many  PopiJhRecufand,  and  Mul- 
titudes of  Jejiiits  and  Seminaria^  ready  for  Mif- 
chief,  in  and  about  this  City.  That  iheir  Malice 
encreafcd  with  their  Number.  Put  the  Houfe  in 
Mind  of  the  Gun-P!owder-P!ot.  Moved  to  pe- 
tition the  King  to  put  the  Laws  in  Execution 
againli  them.' 

This  Motion  wasfcconded  by  Sir  Jerome  Hsrfty^ 
Who  moved,  '  That  four,  or  fix,  of  that  Houfe  . 
might  be  appointed  to  fearch  the  Vaults  and  q^\.^^^^^^'^'^\ 
lars,  under  the  Parliament  Houfe,  twice  a  Week. 
That  Numbers,  hereabouts,  might  prove  dange- 
rous;   and   their  Malice  like  lo  be  the  principal  ,  , 
Caufc  of  the  Ruin  of  the  King  of  Bihemia.    Their 
making  Bonfires  and  rejoicing  at  it.    But  hoped 
that  King  yet  remained  the  Lord's  Anointed,  and 
that  he  would  be  again  ettabliCied ;  and  bt  ihe 
Means  to  ruin  the  Pope.    That  they  that  eat  their 
God  would  eat  us,  ^c* 

Tbcfe  and  many  more  fuch  kind  of  Expreflions 

were  thrown  out  againft  the  Papijii.     And  it  was 

at  laft  agreed  fur  a  Conference  with  the  Lords  ta 

#  join. 

3iS    Tlie  Tarltamentary  HisTokt 

Aa.i8.J»niMl.jotn  with  them   in  a  Petition  to  the  King  to  put 
'  ihe  Laws  in  Force  againft  them. 

The  fame  Day,  February  5ih,  Mr.  Secretary 
Calvert  put  the  Houfe  in  Mmd  of  what  thi^  Par- 
liament was  principally  called  for.  *  The  Ardua 
Regnii  mcDtioncd  in  the  Writs,  were  to  make  good 

TV  Supply;  Laws,  and  lo  fupply  the  King's  Wants;  which 
laft  was  for  to  Iceep  the  State  from  Danger  and 
Scorn.  That  this  was  more  preffing  and  now  a 
bleeding  Bafinefs;  therefore,  though  it  was  not 
ufual,  yet,  in  refpeft  to  the  NeccfTity  and  Rarencfs 
of  the  Cafe  to  begin  firft  with  this.  That  the 
King  expeded  a  Supply,  in  thefe  his  urgent  Ne- 
ccflitifs,  and  efpecially  to  recover  the  Patrimony 
of  his  Children,  that  the  King's  Wants  were  known 
to  be  urgent ;  and  how  could  it  be  otherwife,  confi- 
der  ng  ihe  vail  Expencesof  ihe  Crown,  and  the  fmall 
Means  the  King  had  received  from  his  Subjcfts;  ex- 
cept the  Bmn'oUnte^  none  in  ten  Years  Time.* 

•  The  King  had  ftrove  to  leflen  bis  Expences, 
being  loth  to  burthen  his  People; — ^Houfliold, 
Navy,  Ordnance^  Ireland^  &c.  ThcCrnwn  not  to 
be  fuSered  to  lie  under  this  Burthen  without  Help, 
pangerous,  not  to  King  only,  but  to  Kingdom 
alfoi  for  they  are  ReLitives  not  to  be  dtsjoiii'd.* 

*  Though  the  King,  for  many  jiift  Ciufes,  had 
hitherto  been  Neutral  for  Bohmia  -y  in  rcfped^  of 
Ccnfcience,  Honour,  tSc.  Yet,  for  the  Paluti- 
fujtc,  if  not  by  Treaty,  he  was  refo)ved  by  War 
to  regain  it.  But  this  admits  of  no  Delay,  one 
Day's  Negleft  may  overthrow  it.  The  State  of 
it  now  is,  thai  Sp  r^ela  hath  conquered  all  but  ffev' 
delherg  and  two  or  three  other  Places  ;  Bohemia 
defeated  i  all  the  Cnnfedcraic  Princes  and  Countries 
fsH'n  off,  Jind  reduced  to  the  Emperor's  Ohediencc. 
That  this  AfFair  had  been  referred  tn  a  Cuuncil  of 
"War,  who  have  reported  30, cool.  Chiirge  for  the 
firft  Year.  The  King  already  hath  borrowed  and 
cmployedin  that  Bufinefs  loo.ocol.  Thatanex- 
iraordinary  Kmbalfage  was  ready ;  but  the  beft 
Treaty  was  with  Sword  In  Hind.* 

«  Tha^ 



Of   ENGLAND.      319 

'  Th^t  z\\  Cbriflendom  WTi's  in  Confufion;  Gifr- An. i8.J«mu I, 
many,  Bahemia^  the  I^w  Countries^  Sweden  and  '*"'• 
Poiand  J  the  Turk  had  got  the  greateft  Army  they 
ever  had,  fince  the  Time  of  Sslpnan  ;  which  was 
to  he  ready  by  the  ift  of  March.  ThiaCircum- 
ftance,  alone,  is  very  important  to  us;  and  it  is 
not  honourable  for  our  ICirg  to  have  Ills  Sword  in 
his  Sheath,  when  fo  many  arc  drawn.* 

*  For  our  Grievances ;  they  are  many  and  juft; 
no  Body  without  fome  Sores ;  the  King  had  pro- 
mifed  a  gracious  Hearing  on  that  Score ;  and  he 
thai  will  not  lake  hold  of  it.  bcirayeth  his  Country 
for  which  he  is  trufted.  Laftly,  he  moved  for  a 

Sir  IVHiiam  Cape  fpoke  next.  *  He  profefled  his 
own  Zeal  to  further  the  King's  Bufinefs;  but  was 
againft  theQyeHionforaCommitteeat  that  Time. 
He  wifhed  this  Parliament  had  bern  held  a  Year 
ago;  but  now  it  was  fitting  to  look  what  was  to 
be  done.  That  the  Supply,  granted,  muft  be  di- 
vided i  for  Bohtmidj  the  Puhtinate,  and  for  the 
King's  0[hcr  Wants ;  but  a  Committee  was  not  fit 
now  for  any  of  them.  That  he  expected  a  Com- 
mittee of  the  whole  Houfe  would  fit  every  After- 
noon ;  to  confider  ihe  Slate  of  Chrijifndom^  Eng- 
land, the  Stat?  of  Wars,  and  the  heft  Means  to  carry 
them  on.  This  to  he  done  by  a  general  Commit- 
tee; which  will  be  the  greaieft  Terror  to  the  Ad- 

The  Treafurcr  of  the  Houftiold  faid,  •  That 
he  befeechcd  the  Honourable  Houfe  lo  coniider, 
that  never  any  well-affl-^f^ed  Subjeds  had  greater 
Caufe  to  be  prefl'cd  and  make  Supply  for  ptevcnl- 
ing  of  preflins  D.jngers.  That  there  was  no 
Doubt  of  the  King's  WiHingnefs  for  Retribution. 
Open  and  free  Dealing  wiih  him,  were  the  beft 
Means  to  work  upon  his  Royal  Difpolition.  He 
promifed  all  his  own  good  Offices  to  further  thisj 
and  concluded.  That  whofoever  doth  not  fo,  be- 
trayeih  both  King  and  Kingdom.' 

Sir  John  Davys,  *  I  expected  not  this  Motion, 
^S  this  Day ;    but  I  think  it  fit,  6nce  IC  is  now 


3  30    TbeTarllamentary  History 

Iha.  is.  jMBMLmored.    All  Men  run  together  to  quench  a  Fire; 
i6w.       which  19  our  Cafe.     Though  we  are  not  fo  here  j 
yet  the  Paktinatt  is  on  Fire ;  Religion  is  on  Fire  ; 
and  all  other  Countries  on  Fire.' 

*  Though  we  begin  this  Matter  now,  we  cannot 
end  it  fo;.  though  we  agree  on  Subfidies.,  yet,  there 
muft  be  Time  for  drawing  Bills,  reading  and  paf- 
fjng  them ;  Commiflions,  Levying,  Paying  in,  (Se. 
But  this  is  the  greateft  Oiufe,  the  greatell  Occafi- 
on  for  a  Supply,  fince  the  Conqueil.  I  {hall  mcO' 
lion  four  other  Caufes.'  ■ 

*  I.  For  Recovery  of  the  ^^-Ztfffi/.  2.  For 
the  Redemption  of  Kichard  I.  3.  For  the  Reco- 
very of  France.  4.  For  faving  of  Inland ;  but* 
the  Recovery  of  the  Palatinate  is  greater  than 

'  For  the  fake  of  Jerufalem^  there  was  a  perpe- 
tual War,  for  100  Years,  at  leaft.  Heray  II, 
gave  50,000  Marks  at  that  Time.  Richard  I. 
pawned  all  the  Jewels  and  Demefnes  of  the  Crown. 
AXi  this  to  obey  the  Pcpe'^  Commands  and  Impos- 
ture ;  which  was  to  recover  that  blelTed  Land  the 
Pope  had  curfed,  but,  his  End,  to  ufurp  their  tem- 
poral Jurifdiftion.  Wc,  for  the  Palatinate,  have 
a  juft  Title,  they  none.* 

*  For  the  fecond.  Richard  I.  his  Ranfom  was 
s5o,oooMarksi  Ptateof RehgiousHoufes,  Cha- 
lices, (^e,  were  melted  down  for  it.  This  was  a 
noble  Work,  and  better  than  the  Fr<-ff(i^  did  ;  who 
left  their  King  here,  feveral  Years,  unranfomcd. 
But  Religion  was  not  then  in  QueftioD,  as  it  is 

*  So  for  the  Wars  in  France ;  the  Title  was  juft» 
and  though  recover'd  at  laft,  yet  there  was  great 
Expence  about  it.  No  Lofi,  if  it  bad  not  been 
meddled  with  at  all.  But,  the  Palatinate  other- 
wife;  this  is  dangerous  to  the  Lew  CeuntrieSy  the 
United  Princes y  and  the  whole  Preteftant  Inter^/ 

'  For  Ireland^  two  Millions  were  difburfed ;  and 
fix  Subfidies  and  twel  ve  Fifmnthi  given  here.  Yet, 
the  Lois  of  Ireland  not  fo  dangerous  as  the  Pal^i-' 
nate\  for  the  Irijh  would  never  long  have  endured 


Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      331 

SpdHt^  Tyranny,    Therefore,  I  move,  for  ffving  xn»  a  joivt 
this  very  Day  ;  and,  no  Doubt,  God  vrill  blels  it.'       iSmv 

On  die  other  Hand,  Sir  Giwr^tf  Murt  fatd, 
'  That  fince  diverfe  Things  had  been  propofed, 
every  Man  expected  and  required  Liberty  of 
Speech.  As  free  Choice  fo  freo. Vokre.  That  this  ^,^^6001  of 
iras  granted  in  the  Proclamation  before  Parlia* Speech; 
neot ;  (r)  and  fince,  by  the  King's  own  Mouth. 
We  live  under  Laws  made  by  ourfelves^  other 
ffatbns  are  governed  by  the  Civil  Law ;  and,  he 
toubted  not  but  every  Man  would  Iceep  hlmiielf 
fkhin  Bounds.' 

*  That  Religion  and  the  Church  were  the  prin- 
ipol  Matters  of  a  Parliament ;   Grievances  and 
tnpply  the  next.    Parliaments  were  antiently  cal- 
■d  to  relieve  Grievances,   as  appears  by  the  Sta- 
iite  of  Edward  III,    And  many  of  thofc  were 
icreafed  in  this  long  Intermiffion.    That-.^^ 
ime  out  firft,  yet  Jacob  was  the  Bleffin^   There- 
sre,  be  moved.  That  the  Supply  and  Grievances 
ii^tgo  Hand  in  Hand  together }  and  that  a  Com- 
littee  of  the  whole  Houfe  might  be  appointed,  to    ^ 
DDfider  of  both ;   but  no  Speech  now  dt  pants' 
Sir  yamis  Perret.    '  If  we  diflFer  with  our  E- 
iials,  to  have  it  done  in  Love;  if,  with  our  Su- 
ction, with  Refpeft.    Supply  and  Grievances 
>  be  as  Twins ;  to  go  together  and  have  no  Pre- 
idency.     That  there  was  a  Proclamation  to  re- 
rain  Ipeaking  of  Matters  of  State,  and  the  King's 
leecb  confirmed  it.     There  was,  alfo,  a  Reftiamt 
It  on  petitioning  in  Religious  Matters.     Moved 
c  a  Petition  to  the  King  to  explain  himfelf  what 
s  intended  by  Matters  of  Sute.     If  Ricufants 
id  the  like,  fo  Mompolieij  ^c.  may  come  witbio 
e  Compais  of  the  Prerogative :   Even,  for  the 
ahtinate^  what  to  be  given,  how  to  be  em* 
oyed,  (^f»  may  come  within  Compafs  of  Matter 
■  State     A  Committee  may  form  fuch  a  Peti- 
m,  and  bring  it  into  the  Houfe  To-morrow, 
ag^nft  Conference,  with  the  Lords ;  Fruftra  fit 
r  fJura,  ^od  fieri  poteft  per  pamoram    He  truly 


frj  See  before  p.  31s. 

Afl.iS-janwT.  honoured  all  the  Lords  in  general ;  but,  in  the  laft 
i6ao.        Parliament  they  rejcfled  Conference  ;   if  they  de- 
nied them  again  it  would  be  a  Prejudice.     Moved 
for  a  Commitree  to  confider  of  a  Petition  to  his 
Majefty  to  the  Parpofe  above.* 

The  Matter  of  the  Rolls.  *  I  commend  the 
laft  Gentleman's  Speech,  but  differ  from  him,  in 
fending  a  Meflage  to  tlie  King  about  that  which 
he  yielded  before,  as  freely  and  fully  as  could  be, 
I  hope  that  none  will  abufe  this  Liberty  of  Speech, 
and,  if  ihcy  do,  that  this  Houfe  vvould  punifli  ' 
ihcm  for  it,  before  Notice  be  given  of  it  to  the 

•  For  the  Necefliiies  of  the  Kingdom ;  all  who 
have  fpoken  have  done  it  to  one  End ;  every  one 
hath  a  fpecial  Jntereft  in  it,  in  regard  to  hi?  EftatCi 
Children,  ye.  He  fpeaketh  t)oih  for  King  and 
Kingdom.  The  Hazard  of  the  King's  Grand* 
Children  which  are  five,  delbended  from  iheLadj^ 
EHzabeth.  The  Relief  is  thought  necefl'ary  by 
all ;  the  Queftion,  only,  of  the  Time  when  to 
treat  of  it.  If  not  fpeedily,  it  will  do  no  Good; 
rcccflary  Delays,  thout;h  b^un  now,  muft  make 
it  long  before  it  be  received.  I  agree  thar  Supply 
and  Grievances  go  together;  and  that  half  the 
Houfe  may  attend  one  and  half  the  other.  Ne* 
^  ccflity  is  a  Law,  againft  which  there  is  no  Reafon^ ' 

ing.  Let  both  be  reported  tt^ether.  The  King 
hath  more  Defire  to  rcdrcfc  our  Grievances,  than 
we  to  fupply  him.* 

Sir  Edward  Cote.  *  Vtrtui  filere  in  ComjiviSy 
yitium  in  ConfiHo.  I  joy  ihat  all  are  bent  with 
Alacrity  asainft  the  Kncmles  of  God  and  us;  ^f- 
>/'//,  SfrmnarJes^  and  P:?p:Jh  Catholics ;  it  was 
a  Grirvance  complained  of  the  8th  nf  rhisRci*?n, 
that  the  Laws againft  Rrcufants  were  not  e.xecutcd  j 
I  would  have  all  ihofe  Grievances,  8  yat.  review- 
ed, of  which  that  was  one;  if  any  new  increafcj 
to  take  fpecial  Confider  at  ion  of  them.  /  and  P#- 
fha^rj  were  thirty  Days  in  Examination  of  the 
Pmdfr-Plet  at  the  Tavir.     The  Root  of  it  was 


Of   E  N  G  L  A 

out  of  all  the  Countries  belonging  to  the  i'ff/^,Aa.i8.JamaU 
And  Foux  repented  him  that  he  had  roi  done  i:.       *^»*^ 
God  thtn^  and  in  1588,  delivered  ui  for  Religion's 

'  The  Privileges  of  the  Houfc  concern  the  whole 
Kingdom  ;  which,  like  a  Circle  ends  where  it  be- 
gan. But:  take  heed,  wc  tofc  nut  our  Liberties, 
by  petitioning  for  Liberty  to  treat  of  Grievan- 
ces, ^c.  No  Proclamation  can  be  of  Force  a- 
gainft  an  Act  of  Parliament.  In  Edward  the  jd's 
Tirne^  a  Parliament  was  holden  every  Year,  ihal 
the  People  might  complain  of  Grievances.  If  a 
Proclamation  comes  againft  ihisj  the  Law  is  to 
be  obeyed  and  not  the  Proclamation.  The  4ih 
Henry  VIIL  Strewdi  moved  againft  the  Stannary 
Court ;  bu:  was  fined  after  the  Parliament,  and 
imprifoned  by  the  Steward  of  the  Stannary, 
Thereupon,  a  Law  enfued,  for  Freedom  of  Speech 
in  the  Houfe ;  but  it  ought  to  be  done  in  due  and 
orderly  Manner.* 

'  My  Motion  is,  that  the  Grievances  may  be 
fet  down;  thofe  that  are  nought  in  Radite,  or 
Tra^u  TemporiSt  firft.  The  King's  ordinary 
Charge  and  Ex|>ences  much  about  one ;  the  ex- 
traordinary ever  born  by  the  Subjeil ;  therefore 
llic  King  can  be  no  Beggar.  And,  if  all  the  Corn 
be  brou|;ht  to  the  rigKt  Mill,  I  will  venture  my  * 
whole  Eftate»  that  the  King's  will  defray  his  ordi- 
nary Chaises*  Laftly,  he  moved  for  a  Commit- 
tee of  the  whole  Houl'e  for  Grievances ;  and  (ajd*'^*''*""'^ 
(he  Remedyino;  them  would  encourage  the  Houli:, 
and  enable  them  to  cncreafe  the  Supply.' 

The  Upfhot  of  this  Debate,  was,  that,  at  laft, 
it  was  put  to  the  Qucftion,  Whether  a  Petition  to 
the  King  for  Freedom  of  Speech,  againft  Recu- 
f-mts,  the  Bufinefs  of  the  Supply,  and  for  Grie- 
vances* fhould  be  referred  to  a  Coramiltec  of  the 
whole  Houfc  ?  And  it  was  refolvcd  to  go  upon 
them  that  Afternoon. 

But  we  hear  no  more  of  this  Matter  of  Supply 
for  a  long  Time.    The  public  Grievances  got  ihc 


Monopolift  and 

554    The  Tarliamentary  Histor  t 

Aa.  ir.  TimeiT.  oppcr  Hand  of  it  intirely »  and  the  Houfe  of  Com- ' 
itiao*  mens  applied  themfclves  fo  clofely  lo  this  Point,  and 
the  Cenfuring  of  Delinquents  in  Patents  and  Mo- 
nopolies at  Home,  that  they  feem'd  to  have,  in  a 
manner,  intirely  forgot  the  Palatinate  and  all  other 
Affairs  Abroad. 

In  order  to  begin  the  Reformation  with  them- 
felvcs,  the  firft  they  laid  Hands  on  was  a  Member 
Proaedlnps  °'^  *^^'^  ^^"  Houfe,  Sir  Giles  Msmpejfm^  a  Pro- 
■pijid  Sir  c;ksjeftor,  and  a  great  Dealer  and  Patentee.  This 
Mompdion,  a  j^an  they  convened  before  them^  and  ordered  him 
into  Cuftody  of  the  Serjeant  at  Arms ;  but  he,  be- 
ing confcious  of  his  Guilt,  found  Means  to  malce 
his  Efcape  and  fled  beyond  Sea.  The  Particulare 
of  this  Affair  beft  appear  in  the  ysurnah  of  the 
Lords,  to  whom  the  Commons  carried  their  Com- 
plaint againft  the  faid  Sir  Giies^  and  others  concer- 
ned with  him  in  the  Execution  of  his  Proje^s : 
All  (he  judicial  ProcL;eding£  both  againfl:  this  Man» 
and  others  of  much  higher  Rank,  in  the  Sequel, 
being  tnmtaOed  before  this  fupreme  Court  of  Ju- 
dicature. We  fhall  therefore  now  return  back  to 
the  Lords  where  we  left  off,  in  the  diurnal  Ac- 
count from  thit  Auihnrity. 

Morih  jd.  A  Mefi'age  from  the  Lower  Houfe 
was  delivered  to  the  Lords  by  Sir  Edward  Cckct 
attended  by  feveral  Knighis,  Ciiizens  and  Burgef- 
fes,  to  this  EfFca : 

•  That  the  Houfe  of  Commons  had  entered  in- 
to a  due  Confideration  of  divers  heavy  Grievan- 
ces, and  do  defire  a  Conference  about  them  ;  leav- 
ing the  Time,  Number  and  Place  to  their  Lord- 
flitps  Appointmenr.  He  further  added,  as  Part  of 
what  the)'  had  enjoined  him  to  fay,  whilft 
their  Houfe  was  thus,  amongft  themfelveF,  in 
Trcalv  and  Advice,  the  principal  OiFender,  Sir 
piUi  MompfJJsn^  wasefcaped-  Therefore,  the  Com- 
mons did  delire  ftrift  Scrutiny  flinuld  be  made  for 
finding  him  out  within  the  Rcaim,' 

The  Mcilengers  being  withdrawn,  the  Lords 
agreed  to  the  Conference  *,  the  Number,  the  whole 



Of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      335 

loufe;  ibcTime  and  Place,  Msnday  nex;,  ^arth j^^^^j^jj^i^ 
5th,  at  two  in  the  Afternoon,  in  the  Painted-  i6vh 
Cbambgr.  Sir  Edward  Coh  and  the  reft  were 
again  called,  and  the  Lord  Chancellor  acquainted 
them.  That  the  Houfe  had  agreed  lo  meet  with 
the  Commons,  as  above ;  and  that  their  Lordfhips 
would  give  their  beft  Aid  and  Affiftance  for  finding 
out  the  (Offender.  On  which  Anfwer,  Sir  Ed- 
xvard6s{\tc6.  \o  explain  his  McIHige  a  little  further ; 
and  decbred  that  the  Commons  were  not  fully 
provided  for  a  Conference  fo  foon ;  but  that  his 
Meaning  was.  That  if  their  Lordfhips  would  be 
pleafcd  to  yield  to  one,  then  the  other  Houfe  would 
prepare  the  Bulinels  io  as  it  might  give  leaft  Inter- 
ruption to  iheir  Lordfhips  greater  Affairs;  And, 
when  they  were  ready,  would  return  and  ac- 
quaint their  Lordftiips  with  it.  The  Chancellor 
anfwered,  That  the  Lords  would  fufpend  the 
Time,  till  the  Commons  were  ready  for  the  Con- 

Several  Propofals  were  then  made  for  the  appre- 
hendingof  this^reat  Offender, Sir  Giks  Mompeffin ; 
and  a  Mefliige  was  fent  to  the  Lower  Houfe  to  ac- 
quaint them,  '  That  they  had  appointed  a  Com- 
mittee of  forty  Lords,  or"  which  the  Prince  was 
the  firft,  lo  confer  with  a  Number  of  ihe  Com- 
mons, immediately,  about  that  Point.  The  Lord 
Z&urhf  Warden  of  the  Chqite- Pons,  was  ordered 
lo  fend  his  Warrant  thither,  to  fearch  for  and  ap- 
prehend the  laid  Sir  GAW,  if  he  fhould  attempt 
to  efcape  that  Way.  The  two  Lords  Prefidents, 
of  f^a/es  and  of  the  Council  at  Tsrk,  were  order- 
ed to  caufe  ftriil  Search  to  be  made  in  the  feveral 
Ports  under  iheir  Charge.  The  Lord  Treafurer 
had  the  lame  Charge  given  him,  to  take  Care  that 
all  Officers  of  the  Culioms  and  other  fJfficers, 
within  the  Ports,  Havens  and  Creeks  of  ibis  Land, 
be  warned  of  this  Bufinefs.  Laftly,  Orders  were 
given  to  the  Lord-Admiral  that  he  fhould  inftruft 
all  Vice-Admiul»  and  other  Maritime  Oth'ers, 


Ad,  1$.  Jamn  I 


335    T^e  Tarliamentary  HisTOrt 

under  his  JorilJiftion,  to  make  the iike  Search  i6i 
ihis  extraordimry  Runagate  (f). 

All  thcl'c  Orders  and  Direillons  of  the  Lords 
being  loM  to  the  Committee  of  the  Commons,  ihey 
approved  of  them,  with  Thanks;  and  only  deli- 
red  that  a  raore  private  Search  might  be  made  for 
ihe  OflTeuder.  Accordingly,  a  Warrant  was  or-  f 
deied  to  be  drawn,  as  from  the  Houfe  of  Lords^ 
and  figncd  by  the  Chancellur,  as  their  Speaker; 
and  the  Lord  Chamberbin,  the  Earls  of  Aru^deU 
and  Southantpion^  the  Lords  Hunjden  and  Houghtoa, 
were  appointed  for  that  Purpole.  Which  War- 
rant, being  drav/n,  read  and  approved  on,  was 
ordered  to  be  directed  to  the  Deputy-Clerk  of 
the  Crown,  and  Clerk  of  Parliament,  and  to  all 
Mayors,    Biiilifs,  (3£. 

In  the  midll  of  thefe  Order?  and  Direftions,  the 
Lord-Admirai,  the  M;irquifsOf  5wf^;>fitfW,  decla- 
red openly  to  the  Houie  how  much  he  had  been 
t!eceivcd  aod  abuJcd  by  this  Oft'eftdt:r,  Sir  Giles 
MimpeJJQfi\  who,  but  very  lately,  had  wrote  to 
hlm>  protefling  hjs  Iimocency;  affirming  that 
what  was  objeiScd  at^.^in(l  him  was  but  Matter  of 
Cavil ;  and  that  he  dcikcd,  only,  a  legal  7'rial 
by  due  Courfc  of  Law. 

Marih^^.  The  Lord  Chancellor  acquainted  the 
Lords*  that  the  Ueputy-Clerk  of  theCruwn  and  the 
Clerk  of  Parliament,  with  fuch  others  as  they  had 
thought  fit  to  allow  of,  had  according  to  their 
Lordlhips  Direction,  made  Search  inio  the  fcveral 
HoUiCi  of  Sir  %7;/«  MompeJJ'on^^xx  Francii  MitcheU^ 
and  in  the  Houfc  called  and  ufed  as  for  the  Exercife 
and  Execution  of  Letters  Patents,  concerning 
Gold  and  Silver  Thrcid,  ^i.  mWeodJlreeti  and 
that  in  each  Search  the  faiJ  Clerks  hid  brought 
awjy  divers  Bouks  and  Writings,  concerning  fuch 
Mailers  wherewith  the  t.iid  Sir  Gilsi  Motnpfjfen 
ftandcth  charged ;  which  they  had  fcaled  up,  ac- 
cording to  the  Diieftion  of   the  Houli;.     The 




(x)  There  \i  the  Form  of  a  Prac]amatii]Q  from  thie  King,  dated 
March  9d,  in  Rymtr't  fubUt  /i^s^  fgr  apprchcodtlig  Str  GHa 
Mmfi£6n.    Tom.  XVU,  P.  2S4. 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      337 

hotds  ordered  that  the  f^ id  Things,  fo  fea!ed  up,An.  i«.  Jim- 

fliQuld  be  ftfcly  kept  by  :hc  Clerk  of  Parliameut;  16*0. 
umi],  upon  Motion  from  the  Lower  Haufe,  their 
Lordftiips  thould  be  plealed  lo  give  further  Direc- 
tion, about  delivering  them  to  fuch  Members  of 
ihat  Houlc  as  Ihould  be  aliigned  to  receive  the  laid 
liOuks  and  Papers,  for  ihe  better  Manifcftaiion  of 
the  Truth  in  (uch  Matters  as  the  laid  Sir  Gtlei 
ftood  charged  with. 

The  fame  Day  the  Lord- Admkal,  Buckincfyamf 
m^dc  a  Motion  to  the  Hour(,%  *  That  fince  the  Motion  fdc  « 
Education  of  Youth,  clpecinllv  of  Qiialiiy  and^''"='"yf»''P*' 
Worthy  is  a  Matter  of  great  Confcqucnce  ;  there-*"""  "*^^''"*r' 
fore  to  provide  that  fucli  Peifons,  in  their  tender 
Years  do  not  fpend  their  Time  fruidefly,  about 
(he  Tovvn  or  cUewherc,  his  Lordihip  wiflied  that 
lome  good  and  Ht  Colirfe  might  be  taken  fur  the 
Erediion  and  Maintenance  of  an  Ac-ademy,  for 
the  breeding  and  bringing  up  of  the  Nobdity  and 
Gentry  of  this  Kingdom,  in  their  younger  and 
tender  A^e  j  and  for  a  free  and  voluntary  Contri- 
buibn,  from  Perfons  of  Honour  and  Quality,  for 
that  Purpofe/ 

This  Motion  was  generally  liked  and  commend* 
cd,  and  many  grave  and  judicious  Speeches  were 
ufcd,  by  feveral  Lords,  touching  the  moll  conCder- 
able  and  material  PoJius,  and  the  perfcfl  Accora- 
plilhments  of  i  his  molt  honourable  Projeft.  Some 
concerning  the  Plnce  whcie  fuch  an  Academy 
fhoulU  be  placed  and  ereded;  others,  what  Qiiali- 
fications.  Arts,  Sciences  and  Excrciles  fnould  be 
there  taught  and  pra(Jtiled  i  then,  how  lo  be  inait^- 
tained  ;  and  to  what  Kind. of  young  Gentlemen 
Fieedora  Jh^ll  be  given  torefurtorlivcihcrc  as  tiicy 
(hall  picafc,  with  other  Citcumftances.  And,  in 
order  that  the  Milters  and  I'oints  aforcfaid  might, 
with  more  Convemcncy,  be  opened  and  dilculied, 
the  Houfc  was  adjourned  during  Pleafurc. 

The  fame  Day  Sir  Thomas  Edmmdi,  with  o- 
ihers,  from  the  Commons,  delivered  this  Mcflap^  } 
*  Th.u  lie  Commons  biid  fent  a  former  Mefl!\ge 
to  thc'.r  LordOiips  for  a  Conference  LO^diing  ccr- 

VoL.  V.  Y  tain 

338     Th Parliamentary  Histokt 

AB.i8.JjmtiI.iain  Grievances,  principally,  concerning  Sir  Giles 
i6ao.  MonipeJfQnt  and  this  Houfe  yielding  'hereto  had  ap- 
poinicil  the  prefcnt  Day  for  PurpoCe,  if  the 
Commons  were  ready  for  it.  Therefore  he  was 
ordered  to  fay,  thai  ihey  were  not  fufficiently  pro- 
vided for  the  ijufinefs,  nor  cannot  be  'till  Thurfday 
in  the  Afternoon,  if  iheir  Lordfhips  Oiould  find 
that  Day  convenient.  This  was  agreed  to  by  the 
Lords,  and  the  whole  Houfe  to  be  a  Committee 
to  meet  on  that  Occafion.' 

Then  the  Houfe  appointed  a  Committee  to 
conlider  of  the  Academy  aforemenlioned  ;  con- 
fifting  of  the  Prince,  the  Archbifhop  of  Conter- 
hury^xhfi hox6  Chancellor,  the  Archbifliop of  >flri» 
the  Lord  Trcafufer,  the  Lord  Atlmiral,  the  Earl 
of  Oxford,  &c.  The  Lord  Chief  J  uftice,  and  the 
Attorney  General  to  artcnd  ihem,  to  meet  in  the 
Council-Chamber  at  tybitehall. 

March  6.  After  reading  a  Bill,  brought  in  by 
thcBtfhops.  for  punlfhing  divers  Abufes  commit- 
ted on  the  Sabbath  Day,  called  Sund,ty  ;  the  Lords 
received  a  Meflage  from  the  Cominons,  '  That 
they  h<id  taken  Notice  of  lomc  WiirranTs,  IfTued 
by  ihtir  Lordfhips,  for  Search  in  ceriain  Places  for 
Papers  concerning  Sir  <5:7«  MompeJJin.  That  the 
Parties,  therein  employed,  had  found  and  brought 
in  ceroin  Papers  fealtd  up,  alio,  a  Trunk  and  a 
Bag  in  which  other  pH^iers  and  Books  are  fealed  up, 
which  they  deiiremavbe  delivered  to  them.  That 
one  Queftion  ha<i  been  made  by  the  Pi-rfons  fo 
employed,  concerning  their  Power,  and  thcydefire 
further  Warrant,  worn  the  Lotds,  to  auihonzc  them 
to  open  Locks,  Doors  o^  Chelb,  thai  their  Search 
may  be  more  cnl^uged.*  Anfwer,  *  Thai  (he 
Lords  do  grant  ihe  Requeft  of  the  Commons  in  all 
its  Points;  and  will  give  Direction  for  the  proper 
additional  Words  to  be  added  10  ihc  Warrant.' 
A£l  telatinjio  March  8.  Amofigft  other  Bills  of  Icfs  Confe- 
crt^ir>g  Hoipi-  Gucnce,  one  was  rtad  for  reviving  and  making  per- 
*"'"  *'  peiual  an  ^€t  palled  in  tlie  39th  of  Bih..  entitled, 

jfn  Ail  far  treiiing  cf  HojpUals,  and  JhUifig  and 
Wot  king' Hfiufis  ftfr  thi  Fscr,    And  the  Bifhop  of 


^tfw^tfr  informing  the  Houfr,  'That,  tohislCnow-AQ.iS.Jam«t, 
ledge,  eighteen  HoJpitaU  were  at  this  Time  impea-        '**^ 
ched  louching  their  Incorporatiors;  Orders  were 
given  to  the  Attorney  General  to  draw  a  Bill  for 
the  Confirmation  of  Hofpitals  already  founded.' 

The  Lords  Committees  (or  the  Orders,  Cuftoms 
and  Privileges  of  ihe  HouJe,  ^c.  having  met  ac- 
cording to  iheir  Directions,  defired  that  certain  of 
thcra  may  be  appointed  to  attend  hisMnjefty,  with' 
an  humble  Requeft,  That  he  will  be  pleafedloafc 
fign  them  a  SDay,  when  they  may  all  come  and  give 
him  S.uisfadlion  in  fame  Points  relating  tohispre- 
roti,a:ive.  Eight  of  ihem  were  immediately  ap- 
pointed for  that  Puipofe.     Adjourned  to  the  12th. 

March  1 2.  The  HofpUal  A6t  was  read  a  third 
Time  and  pafledj  alfo,  another  for  Confirmation 
of  an  Holpiial,  called  King  yumfs'a  Hofpital^ 
founded  in  the  Charter-Hcufi^  in  the  County  of 
Middlefrity  at  the  humble  Petition  and  folc  Cofts 
and  Chaiges  ol  Thomai  Suttsn^  Efq; 

Then  the  Lord  Chan  eel  lor,  moving  from  his  Place 
to  his  Seat  as  a  Peer,  reported  what  pa  (Ted  at  the  laft 
Confeiencc  of  both  Houfcs ;  the  Inducement  of 
which  was,  to  cWar  the  King's  Honour  touching 
Grams  to  Sir  GUa  Momptjfmy  and  the  Means  of 
procuring  the  fame. 

The  Ejfeft  of  this  Conference  was,  *  That  the  FuithwPnicetJ-i 
King,  on  the  Peti:ion  of  the  faid  Sii  G//<fj,  to  have  i"P  ajiinft  Sir 
a  Patent  to  reform  Abufes  in  divers  Innkeepers,  and^"  Monipef- 
&  Warrant  to  comi»ound  for  the  Penalty  of  obfo- 
le'e  Laws  touching  the  Prices  of  Horfe-Mcat, 
had  referred  the  fame  lo  fcveral  Judges,  for  the 
Po:nt  of  Law  i  and  to  divers  Lords,  for  the  Point 
of  Commodtiy.  That  his  Majtfly  had  fhewn 
the  like  Care,  in  granting  the  P.ucnt  for  Monopoly 
of  the  fole  making  of  Gold  and  Silver  Thread, 
That  Sir  Hinry  Telvenm^  Attorney  General  to 
the  King,  h:id  adviied  the  fame  to  be  returned  in- 
to his  Miijcfty's  own  Hands,  and  then  by  Inden- 
tures to  authorize  divers  Perfons  to  manage  its 
but,  that  this,  ahb,  was  referred  by  his  Majefty  to' 
ihc'Coi'fiJeraiiun  of  fevcralot  his  Council.  That 
Y  z  the 

340    The  Tiirl'tafnentary  Histort 

An.  i8.JamM!.  I  he  Benefit  arifing  lo  the  King  was  made  over  to 
i6ao.  others,  pro  Ttmpoui  that  the  Authority,  granted 
by  the  King,  was  much  abufed  in  the  Execution 
thereof,  to  the  intolerable  Grievance  of  the  Sub- 
ject; and,  laflly,  that  much  Irapofture  wasufed 
in  the  Trade.* 

The  Lord  ChamberTain  then  flood  up,  and  de- 
clared to  the  Houfe,  '  That,  at  the  faid  Confe- 
lence  withtheHoufeofCommans,  two^T^tf^Lorrf;, 
meaning  ihr  Lord  Chancellorand  the  Lord  Treafu- 
rer,  fpokein  their  own  Defence  j  not  being  allowed 
(0  to  do,  when  Committees  are  named,  and  the  faid 
Conference  directed  and  limited  by  this  Houfe  ; 

which  was  againft  the  antient  Orders  thereof. . 

Therefore,  his  Lordftiip  moved  that  an  Order  may 

now   be  entered  to  prevent  the   like  hereafter.* 

The  Motion  was  agreed  to,  with  this  Addition, 

KcColutiontasto*  That  the  faid  Lords  (hould  give  the  Houfe  Satis- 

L"'n\h"  H^f^  f"3^'on>  by  an  Acknowledgment  of   tteir  Error 

bf  Uidf  i         herein.*  '  ^     ^ 

Whcreupcnlhc  Lord  Chancellor,  removing  k- 
gain  to  his  Seat  as  a  Peer,  did  acknowledge,  that, 
contrary  toihe  Orders  of  ihe  Houfe,  hehad  fpoken, 
at  the  laft  Conference,  more  than  he  had  Diredion 
from  the  Houfe  to  do,  and  owned  that  he  had  erred 
therein-  WJiich  Acknowledgment  the  Lords,  in 
general,  accepted  of.  The  Trcafuier,  alfo,  did 
the  fjme  j  and  then  it  was  particularly  ordered 
that  ihcfe  Acknowledgments  ihould  be  entered  ia, 
the  Journals.  Moved  by  the  Lord  Spinar  and  a-1 
greed  to,  *  That  no  Lords  of  this  Houle  arc  to  be 
called,  Great  J.orJs,  becaufe  they  arc  all  Piers.' 

The  Loids  takmg  intoConfideration  the  Grie<jf 
vances  comphuped  of  hy  the  Houfe  of  Commonsj 
it  was  agreed,  That  a  felt'^1  Commiitee  fbould  be 
thofen  to  cunfiT  with  that  Houle,  as  well  to  de- 
mand of  them  fuch  Lciteis-Patcnt,  CcmmiUjons, 
Warrants,  Examinaiiom  and  other  Writings, 
which  concerned  the  Grievances  ;  as,  alio,  to  re- 
ceive, by  Word  of  Mouth,  fuch  further  Informa- 
tions as  might  conduce  to   the  proving  of  fuch 


0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D,     341 

Grievances  as  they  had  complained  of.     A  Coni-AD.iS.T»mMi. 
mittee  was  appointed,   confifting  of  the  Prince,       * 
three  greac  Officers,  five  EarJsj  iix  Bifhops  and  fix 

A  Meflagc  was  then  fent  to  the  Commons  to 

defire  a  Conference,  and  after  a  lung  Slay,  An- 

fwer  returned,  That  ihcy  accepted  of  their  Lord- 

fliip;;  Motion,  and  Wuuld  appoint  Fifty   of  their 

Houfe  to  meet  them  at  Nine  in  the  Morning. 

That  their  Committee  lliould  hrmg  with  them  all 

iJhe  Letters- Patent,  O-V.  which  the  Lords  required 

Jto  fee  concerning  the  Griev-.nces  j    and    (hould, 

Jikewile,    inform  ihtrir  I,ordfhips  of  I'uch   other 

.verbal  Proofs,  which  ihey  had  received  about  thera. 

,^ht  long  Stay  of  the  Mcfllagcr!!  was  excufed,  by 

their  being,  when  the  other  came,   debating  the 

Bill  of  SuiifiJy ;  which  was  now,  ordered  by  them 

to  be  engiollcd. 

Moved  by  the  Lord  Admiral,  That  the  antlent 
Order  of  the  Houfe  was,  Thar,  before  any  new 
BuJinefs  be  begun,  the  Matter  in  Hand  be  firft  de- 
termined J  and  this  to  be  entered. 

The  fame  Day,  March  12,  the  Earl  of  Aruw 
del  reported  tu  the  Houfe,  '  That  on  tho  nth  In- 
Ihnt  the  Lords  Committees  for  Privileges,  Cs^f. 
aitended  his  Majefty,  according  to  Order,  and  that 
his  Majefiy  was  pleafed  to  reft  fatisfied,  as  well  in 
their  enquiring  (jf  Privileges,  belonging  to  the  Peers,  And  Maitcn  c* 
as,  alfo,  that  they  did  no  Ways  trench  into  the  Privilege, 
Royal  Prert^ative,  as  the  Judges  bad  fuggefted  un- 
to the  faiil  Committee.     His  Lorddiip  further  re- 
ported. That  his  Majefty  was  plcifcd,  of  hirofelf, 
to  take  Notice,  That  he  undcrftood  the  Peers  con- 
ceived it  a  Privilege,    belonging  unto  them,   to 
-.protctl  only  upon  their  Homto' it  and  not  to  be  put 
to  iheir  Oaths,  in  Suits,  as  ordinary  Subjeifts  were.' 
'I'o  which  the  LorJs  aniwered,  *  Thai  it  was  very 
jrue  the  Houfe  had  taken  ConfiJetatiun  of  it;  and 
'.found  much  Caufe  ta  think,  that  in  the  Time  of 
.divers  of  his  Royal  Progenitors  they  had  enjoyed 
that  Priviltgc  ;  \Uiidi  they  thought  the  Prailice 
Y  3  of 

34^     ^^^  Tarl'tamentary  Histort 

Ail  i8.  Tancsl  °^  '^^^'^  Times  had  invaded,  to  their  Difadvantagc ; 
i6m.  by  encroaching  upon  it  by  little  and  little,  whea 
they  were  not  careful  of  it.  But  withal,  they  told 
his  Majefty  that  this  was  no  Part  of  their  Errand 
to  him  ;  and  therefore  befought  him  to  conceive* 
that  what  they  fpoke  was  only  a$  private  Men, 
who  were  no  Way  authorized,  at  this  Time,  ia 
thefe  Points,  from  the  Houfe.     His  Majefty  faid, 

*  That  he  underftood  it  fo,  but  dcfired  them  to 
anfwer  him  one  Qucftion  ingcnuoufly,  which  was, 
TVhethtr  they  thought  Prateflatisn,  upm  HsmuT  or 
Oath,  ta  bind  them  more  ?  To  which,  the  Lords 
all  anfwered,  una  Vocty  That  they  conceived  Pro- 
teftation,  upon  Honour,  to  bind  more  than  Oath 
did  ;  as  being  the  fame  before  God  and  before  the 
World ;  and,  in  regard  to  the  Truft  given  to 
their  Degree,  a  far  greater  Charge.  Adding,  that 
they  conceived  the  conftant  and  undoubied  U- 
fjge  of  trying  Peers,  for  their  Honours,  Blood, 
Lives  and  Eftates,  upon  their  Honour  only,  did 
plainly  prove  it;  and  that  they  thought  no  paft 
Age  had  produced  any  Example  of  Inconvenience 
in  the  Pradlice  of  a.*  His  Majefty  fcemed  fully 
fatisfied,  and  bid  them  tell  the  Houfe  from  him, 

*  That  he  willingly  agreed  to  this  Privilege,  foas 
they  would  take  Care  the  Common  Juftice  of  this 
Kingdom  mi^^ht  no:  fufFer  in  it.  And,  that  he 
was  fo  far  from  diminifhing  their  Privileges, 
that  he  would  raihcr  add  unto  them  any  that  were 

Alanh  13.  The  Names  of  the  Committee  for 
the  Conference,  to  be  had  this  Morning,  with  the 
Houfe  of  Commons,  were  read.  Moved  by  the 
Karl  of  Arur.ddf,  '  That  the  whole  Houfe  (as  a 
Committee)  might  conlider  of  the  Bufinefs  now 
tp  be  handled,  in  the  Conference,  witii  the  Houfe 
of  Commons  ;  w  hi(.h  was  generally  agreed  to/ 

Wherc;upon  the  Lord  Chancellor,  moving  froru 
his  Place  to  his  Seat  as  a  Peer,  after  long  Debate, 
it  was  concluded  and  agreed  to,  That  the  Lord 
ChambciUtnihouId  begin  the  faid  Conference  ;  and 
ihaE  it  fhall  be  lawful  for  any  of  the  Lords  of  the 

■  M 

0/  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     343 

Committee  freely  to  queftion  with  the  Commons  ;An.  :8.  jimttT* 
10  this  Intent,  only,  to  be  informed  of  their  Proofs       ifiao, 
of  the  Grievances  of  which  they  complain  ;  and, 
to  lliat  End,  to  enter  into  Dilputes  and  Arguments 
with  them,  and  to  appoint  another  Meeting,  if  the 
Caufe  (liati  fo  require. 

It  was  furtheragceed  *  That  the  Attorney  Gene- 
ral {hould  beAnilhnt  to  the  faid  Lords  of  ihe  Com- 
mittee i  and  fliould  taice  Notes  of  the  Proofs  pro- 
duced in  the  Conference ;  and.  That  any  Lord 
mights  alfo,  take  Notes  iliereof,  an-?  compjrc  the 
lame  with  others.  The  Lord  Chamberlain  to 
make  Report  thereof  to  the  Houfe. 

At  ihc  Reiurn  of  the  Committee  from  the  Con- 
ference, tile  Lord  Chamberlain  reported.  That  the 
Committee  of  the  Lower  Houfe  dclired  to  be  cxc ufed 
from  enterinj^  into  verbal  Information  and  Dilputes, 
for  that  they  had  no  Authority  fo  to  do.  But, 
That  they,  humbly,  defired  Leave  to  return  to 
their  Houfe  fur  luch  Authority,  and  to  meet  again 
upon  the  fame  Bufmefs.' 

In  the  Jmmaii  of  the  Commons,  as  this  Day, 
is  an  Entry  '  That  when  Sir  Edward  Coh  made  the 
Report  of  this  laft  Conference,  in  that  Houfe  ;  he 
told  them,  That  their  Proceedings  were  highly  ap- 
plauded, both  by  the  Prince  and  all  the  Lords. 
And  the  Loni  of  Bucks^  having  Leave  to  fpcak, 
delivered  himfelf  to  this  Effefl  : 

He  firft  faid,  *  That  the  King  was  both  PallivCThe  MarquU  of 
and  Aiflive  in  thefe  Affairs :  Paffive  by  his  Majefty's  Buckingbam'i 
gracious  Acceptance  of  thefe  Proceedings  in  Par- ^J^J^^j^^j^JJl 
lument ;  which  was  plain  that  the  King  loved 
Plainefs  :  Aitiv'e,  in  that  he  ftnkes  whilft  the  Iron 
is  hot  i  and  lince  the  King  was  willing  to  grant 
all  we  Can  afic,  let  us  leave  Formality  and  afk  real 

'  That,  for  his  own  Part,  fince  he  had  been 
righted  in  ihtir  Houfe,  he  would  do  all  his  beft 
I'ndeavours  to  turther  rhe  Good  both  of  King  and 
Kingdom ;  which  could  not  be  fevered.  That 
jiow  he  knew  ihc  Wifdom  of  Parliaments,  he 
would  fybmit  himfelf  to  be  a  Scholar  to  ihem. 


7he  Tarliamentary  History 

iji,j?  jamwL^hat  WO   of   his  Brothers   being  drawn    into 

"^^iSr    Qucftion,  on  thefe  Affairs,  he  would  not  defend 

ihem  i  but  leave  them  to  the  Cenfure  of  Parlla- 

'  mcnt.    Thai  he  who  begot  ihcfc  two,  had,  alfo, 

E>egol  one  who  would  leek  for  theit  Puniftiment.' 

The  fame  Vy^y  a  Mefl'agc  from  the  Lower  Houfe 
was  brought  by  Sir  Edward  Cch^  and  others, 

'  That  whereas,  at  ^  Meeting  for  a  Conference 
th's  Morning,  the  Lords  Commiuees  of  this  ho- 
nourable Houfe  dcfired  to  receive  of  lhem>  not  on- 
ly all  Letters- Patent  and  other  Writings,  but,  alfo, 
verbal  laformations  of  all  other  Matters  whereof 
ihey  hnd  madcUfc  in  the  Proof  of  their  Grievances, 
now  complained  of :  And  forafmuch  as  then  they' 
had  no  Authority  to  enter  into  Dilpute,  or  to  give 
any  verbal  Information  tlKrcof,they  had  humbly  de- 
firetj  Leave  to  return  to  ihcir  Houie  to  receive  fuch 
Authority  for  the  lame ;  They  do  now  humbly 
implore  another  Meeting,  on  Thurjilay  next,  by 
Nine  in  the  Morning,  m  fach  Plate  as  their  Lord- 
fhips  Ihali  appoint ;  and  they  will  come  prepared  to; 

give  ihem  full  Saiisfaftiun.'  • Jn/u'er.    '  Tha"]' 

Lords  have  confidercd  of  this  iheir  Requeft  aud 
will  meet  them,  at  the  Time  delired,  in  the  Pnirt' 

tcd-Chamber. Nothing  eife  materia!  dofle^ 

Adjuurned  lo  Tiurfday. 

March  t^.  A  McH'-ige  from  the  Lower  H/iufe 

was  brought  by  Sir  tdivTrd  Cols^  and  others,  'I"]iat 

ihey  hid  returned  the  Prince's  Bill,  intituled,  An 

The  P-inec  of    ^'?  ts  enable  the  AIoJl  Excellent  Pritm  Charles  to 

w.i«'(  Bill     jHjh  Lea/e^  of  Lan  //,  Psrcfl  of  his  Hi^hns/s'i  Duff^yy 

>.£•«!  Nfm.  Ccn.  ^j-  cv„„.ai!  j  and  declared,  That  the  (ame  pal'ed 

[heir  Houle  with  much  Cl;eerfulncfs  and  .-Vlactily, 

una  Vite. 

When  the  Lord?  of  the  Commitree  were  ready 
to  goto  the  Conference  about.  Grievances,  the  Lord 
Treafurer  decl.ire-l,  *  Th.Tras  every  Man  ought  to 
have  a  h;j:h  Klleem  of  his  Honour,  fo  he  ought  not 
to  be  fo  raJh  as  to  infringe  the  Orders  of  ih.s  Ho- 
nourable Houfe  :  That  many  might  think  him  pe- 
icmptory,  ip  Defence  of  his  Hoi:our,  the  otheP' 


Day ;  but  he  proteftcd  it  was  not  out  of  any  Pride ;  An.  18.  jwuil. 
for  he  freely  confcfled  he  fpakc,  at  the  laft  Confe-  «6io. 
rence,  more  than  he  oughi,  by  the  ancient  Orders 
of  this  Houfe  ;  but  he  neither  loved  Error,  nor 
will  contemn  Order;  and,  therefore,  moved.  That 
whatfoever  was  fpoken  of  him,  or  by  him,  might 
not  be  prejudicial  in  their  Proceedings  in  this  BuJi- 

•  After  the  Conference  the  Lord  Chamberlain  re- 
ported to  the  whole  Houfe  what  had  been  done  at 
it ;  which  was  to  this  Effedt : 

*  That  the  Commons  had  delivered  in  a  Decla-  Report  from  the 
ration  of  their  Grievances,  and  the  C(2pita  of  their  Committee  oa 
Proofs,  in  "W  mm^,  Jiib  Prote/iatwtie  not  to  be  a      ""'*^ 
Precedent  for  ihem  to  deliver  in  their  Proofs,  in 
Writing,  hereafter.* 

'  Their  Grievances  were  grounded  upon  Grants 
of  the  Forfeitures  and  Difpenfations  of  penal  Sta- 
tutes, for  [iiiis,  Grants  of  Monopolies  for  Gold 
and  Silver-Thread,  and  Grants  of  Conceal  men  is.' 

'  Touching  penal  Statutes,  they  highly  com- 
mended his  Mnjefty'sCare,  both  now  and  in  former 
Times,  in  referring  the  fame  to  the  Judges  and  his 
Privy-Counci),  and  his  Refolution  not  to  grant  Di- 
fpenfalions  therein.* 

'  For  the  Grants  of  Monopolies,  they  fhewed. 
That  many  Grants  of  the  like  Nature  have  been 
queftioncd  in  fornicr  Times,  and  rcfolvcd  to  be 
unlawful.'    For  Inltance, 

*  In  the  Monopoly  of  fwcet  Wines,  granted  by 
King  Phi'i/",  to  the  Town  of  Southam^tOft,* 

*  The  Monopoly  of  Starch.' 
'  M'lnopoly  for  making  Salt  adjudged  void  i  for 

that  the  Invention,  alledgcd  in  the  Grant,  was  not 

*  Monopoly  of  Train  Oil.' 

*  Monoj->oly  for  Cards.' 

*  As  to  the  Grants  of  Concealments,  they  {hewed 
how  di {honourable  it  was  for  any  Lord  lo  grant 
the  like,  much  more  for  a  King  :  That  a  Cathe- 
dral Ctiurch  and  twelve  Hofpitala  were  fwallowed 
lip  thtrcbv  ;  That  it  was  contrary  to  the  King's 


The  Tarluimentary  Hi  stort 

An.  iS.jMDBi.^oy'Dircdlion  in  his  Boofc  of  Bounty  ;  wherein 

*  x6m.       he  refulcth  co  be  rtiovcd  with  Grants  of  that  Na-j 


They  fet  forth  their  Care  in  thefe  three  Points, 

'  I,  Not  to  meddle  with  the  King's  Prerogativc**5 

*  2.  To  prcfcrve  the  King's  Honour.'    ,  t^ 
'  3.  To  rL'ftore  the  Subje<5U  their  Wealth.' 

*  That  they  had  delivered  t!ie  Patents,  CommJf' 
ilons,   and   olher  Writings,  demanded  of  them. ' 
Two  of  ihe  Declarations  of  ihe  [aid  Grievances, 
concerning  Inns  and  Concealments,  were   then 
read.'      After  (his, 

1  he  Lord  Hsugbton  declared  to  the  Hnufe  many 
Abufes  done  to  the  Servants  of  divers  Bifliops,  bjrJ 
Pages,  and  others.  The  Examinaiion  whereo ' 
■B-as  lelerred  to  Mr  Baion  Dtnham,  Sir  lf^litavi\ 
^irJf  and  Sir  Jarnti  ffWiriiige ;  who  were  to  exa- 
mine ihc  laid  Abulcs  with  Expedition ;  and  the 
Lords  condffccnded,  that  if  sny  of  their  Pages,  oc 
Servants,  h:id  been  guilty  of  fuch  Abulcs,  they 
miRht  alfo  be  examined. 

The  Lord  l^t-titwart h  mov<;6<,  and  it  was  order- 
ed, That  no  Bill,  but  the  Prince's  Bill,  ihould  ba 
read,  until  ihc  Bufincfs  of  Sir  GiUs  MemptfJoH  be 
pall  and  determined.  The  Houfe  to  fu  on  Con- 
vocaiion  Days,  fur  iht;  more  fpcedy  Difpatch  of 
that  Bufineis.  Adjourned  till  Two  in  the  After- 
prccfeJings  Mcnh  15.  p'ijl  Meridiem*  According  to  thean- 

ibcrcuyon.  cicnt  OrdcfSof  the  Houfe,  begun  with  Prayers  in  the 
AfLcrnoju :  Which  done,  the  third  Declaration 
of  Grievancca,  concerning  Gold  and  Silver-Thread, 
■was  read.  'I'hc  Lord  Chancellor  opened  the  moft 
confider.Me  Poiiits  in  it,  which  he  conceived  to  be 
five:  Fii^^  The  Patents  which  are  three,  and  the 
Points  ui  Law  concerning  the  lame.  A'f-i/,  What 
Parties  are  to  be  charged  f:jr  the  fame.  The  Proofe, 
wheiehi  are  to  beconfidered  what  Iiaih  been  deli- 
vered by  tl:e  Commons  ;  and  what  may  be  further 
found  out,  and  how-  The  PuniOiment  to  be  in- 
ftit^ed  ©a  the  Offender,    LajHy,  The  Precedents 



©/•ENGLAND.      347 

and  Manner  of  ihe  Punifhment,  according  to  thc^-'^-  l^nwl* 
Quality  of  The  Offender.  '^"' 

It  was  then  debated  by  the  Lords  on  which  of 
ihefe  Points  to  begin ;  and  that  it  might  be  carried 
on  more  freely,  it  was  agreed  that  the  whole 
Houfc  {hould  be  a  Committee  ad  Libitum :  On 
which  the  Chancellor  left  his  Place,  and  fat  as  a 

It  was  moved  by  the  Lord  Spencer,  and  (econded 
by  Lord  IPhttworth^  That  Sir  Men  Apj^^  with 
Tivcdy^  ffiimoi  and  Fgrret,  who  abufed  the  Execu- 
tion of  ihofe  Patents,  ihould  be  fcnc  for  and  com- 
mitted 10  Cuftody. 

The  Earl  of  Southampton  moved,  *  To  begin 
firft  with  the  Execution  of  the  P-uenis  by  the  Pa- 
tentees and  their  Agcnu;  and,  as  there  were  three 
Patents  complained  of,  lo  appoint  three  Commit- 
tees, of  a  new  Number,  each  Committee  to  exa- 
mine the  Execution  of  one  Patent.  Alfo,  becaufe 
the  Lower  Houtc  coutd  not,  nor  did  not,  take  the 
Examinations,  to  them  delivered,  on  Oath  ;  there- 
fore that  the  Wiinefles  might  be  Tent  for,  and  fworn 
to  their  Examinations.'  Which  Motion  was  fe- 
conded  by  the  Lord  Ch.incellor  with  this  Addition, 
*  That  the  Oath  is  to  be  given  pubhckly  in  the 
Houf'e ;  for  that  it  could  not  be  adminiftred  in  a 
Committee.*  All  which  Motions,  on  the  Q^e- 
Ition,  were  agreed  to. 

Next  follow  the  N^mcs  of  the  Lords  appointed 
for  the  three  Committees,  which  may  be  omitted ;  ♦ 

as  well  as  the  Order  of  the  Times  for  fitting,  with 
other  Direit'^ions ;  and  wait  tor  the  Rcporis  made 
from  each  in  the  D.iys  following. 

March  i6.  The  Lord  Chamberlain,  being  the 
firft  of  the  Committee  on  the  Grievances  by  the 
Patent  of  Inns,  declared,  '  That  whereas  it  was 
Yefttrday  ordered  that  Parties,  whofe  Examinations 
were  to  be  taken  on  O-ith,  ihould  be  fworn  in  open 
Court,  it  appeared  that  the  Gentlemen  under- 
named, whole  Tcftimony  Is  very  necefl'iry,  arc 
Members  of  the  Lower  Houfe  j  and  therefore  he 
delircd,  that  a  Mcflagc  fliould  be  firft  fent,  with 

34*^    The  Tarliarnentary  Histort 

An.  iS.juteii.  great  Refpefl,  to  the  other  Houfe,  before  they  be 

J620,        iVorn.    Their  Names  were  Sir  Francis  fane^  Knt. 

Sir  Richard  7ittkburn^  Knt.  Sir  Frams  Goodwin^ 

Knt,  (t)  John  Drah,  Efq;  and  RhbardlVf/ion^ 

A  Mcl!af!.e  was  accordingly  fent  to  the  Com-" 
mons  alx-'ul  this  Rufinci'*;  who  returned  for  An- 
fwer,  •  That  as  it  was  a  Matter  of  great  and 
weighty  Conftquencc,  ibcy  would  l^kc  it  into 
Con(ideration»  and  (end  an  Anfwer  by  MelFcngers 
of  ihtir  own.*  This  cccsfmned  a  long  Debate  in 
tliat  Houfe,  which  lafted  all  that  Day. 

Alarch  17.  A  Mc-niige  from  the  Lower  Hnufe, 
by  Sir  Ed'iJQard  Coki,  and  others,  intimaimg, 
*  That  the  Commons  been  acquainted  fome 
Perforsof  th^ir  Houfe  weredelired  lo  teftify,  upon 
Oath,  their  Knowledge  concerning  the  Grerances 
complained  againft  that  wretched  Man,  Sir  GUn 
Aifitftpd/an,  and  others:  That  the  Parties  lo  requi- 
red hatJ  olFerod  themfelves  10  be  fworr.  \  and  [here- 
fore  that  Houle  wilt  not  be  fcrupulous  herein,  .is 
the  Lords  m.iy  perct-ive  their  Concur lence  and  Rca- 
dinefs  to  exiK-drte  that  Bufmefs:'  Wh;th  Mcffige 
was  gratcfullv  acknowledged  by  the  f.ortls.  And 
theaforefaid  ti\e  Members  de firing  a  Day's  Refpife 
10  put  down  their  feveral  IJcpontions  in  Writing, 
to  which  they  were  to  be  t'wiirn,  it  was  granted. 

Mat  eh  ig.  A  Mctmrnmiuin  is  entcr'd.    That, 
by  Rcafon  of  want  ol  Heahh  anJ  ladifpofition  of 
the  Lord  Chancellor,  a  Commiffioti  was  awarded 
*  10  Sir  J&mei  Ley^  Knt.  and  Bart.  Lord  Chief  ju- 

ftice  of  the  King's  Bench,  fr^n'd  by  the  King,  and 
under  the  Hroa::  Se^il,  10  execute  that  Olficc  in  his 
Stead-     Tiie  Comroiffitm  is  at  length  in  the  Jour- 

nai'j  but  is  of  no  g'Ciic  Significancy  here . 

We  (hall  foon  find  whut  was  the  Chancellor's 

The  f.\me  D^y  a  iWefl'ige  was  fent  from  the 
Commons  by  Sir  Fulk  Grev'ile^  and  others,  '  That 
the  Knights,  Citizens  and  Burgeflts  of  that  Houfe 
have  fent  up  to  tlie  Lords  a  Bill  of  Subfidies; 

(t)  See  beftrti  p-  5ft. 



which,  a?  it  p?.flk1  that  Ho'jfc  with  great  and  ge-An.ig.  Janwtt. 
neral  ALcriiy  and  E.xpedinon,  ^^ey  doubted  not        i6*o. 
but  the  Lords  will,  wiih  the  like  ChearfulneJs,  ex- 
pedite the  fame." 

In  the  MiiJll  of  iheir  InquVies  into  public  Grie- 
vances, the  Connmona  had  thought  Hi  to  coiilider 
the  Ncceflities  of  the  State,  nnd  grant  the  King  a 
Sappiy.  Mcircb  rz.  the  Sublidy  Bill  wus  debated 
in  that  Ht;ufe,  and,  at  lafl  put  to  two  Qucftions, 
Wheihtr  x^v.  I  ill  fliould  be  recommiucd  ?  which 
piiHcd  m  the  Negative ;  and,  Whether  lobeensrof- 
icd,  or  no?  which  hit  was  carried  i^r  engroHing,  ti^^  Syt(5j  gm 
wiihout  one  negative  Voice.  On  the  j8ih  it  pal-paiTcd  Umni- 
fed  the  Lower  Honfe,  and  was  ordered  to  be  fent"^^'*. 
up  to  ihc  Lords,  as  abovtmcnlioned.  We  can- 
not omit,  that  a  Mcflage  from  The  King  was  deli- 
vered TO  this  Houfe,  on  their  Unanimiiy,  iJc.  in 
paflirg  the  Sublidy  Bill,  *  That  he  returned  them 
Thanks  for  their  Chearfulntls  in  It;  and  looked 
upon  it  as  giving  him  their  Hearts  and  all-' 

When  this  Bill  for  granting  two  entire  Subfidiea, 
by  the  Temporality,  was  read  a  firft  Time  by  the 
I^ords,  the  Lord  Chief  Juitice  repeaitd  the  laft 
Provifo  of  the  Adt,  which  declares,  '  That  fincc 
it  is  not  iifual  to  grant  a  .Subfidy  at  the  Beginning 
of  a  Parliament,  ihey  defue  it  may  not  be  drawn 
into  a  Precedent,  nor  he  prejudicial  heieafter,  as 
the  Royal  Aflent  may  be  given,  by  CommiHion, 
or  otherwire,  for  the  fpecdy  levying  of  the  famp,  the 
Parliament  ftill  luting.'  'Ordered  that  this  Bill  be 
read  again  in  the  Afternoon. 

Anuther  Meflage  came  trom  the  other  Houfe, 
brought  by  Sir  Rcttert  P/v/ifis,  and  others,  *  Thar, 
in  their  Search  into  the  Ahuleaoi  Courts,  ihey  found 
Abufes  in  certain  emiTien;  Pcrfons ;  for  the  which 
they  dffire  a  Conference,  that  fuch  Courfe  may  be 
taken  for  the  Redrels  thereof,  as  fliould  wiih 
ihe  Honour  and  Df0ni:>  o!"  a  P^rliHrnent.  The 
Time,  Plice,  and  Number  of  Commiitees,  they 
humbly  leave  to  their  Loratlitps.'  Anfwcr  was 
immediately  returned,  •  That  the  Lords  were  well 
picafed  to  accept  of  the  Contcrcnce  required ;  the 


IS  James  I 

5J0    The  Tarltamentary  History 

^  Committee  to  be  of  their  whole  Houfe,  and  at 
Two  this  Afternoon,  in  the  Painted  Chamber. 

Pofl  Meridkm.  The  Lord  Trcafurer  reiurnM, 
with  the  Committee  of  the  whole  Houfe,  from  the 
Conference;  and,  being  to  make  the  Report,  told 
the  Lords,  that  he  dcfircd  Refpitetill  the  next  Morn- 
ing, that  he  might,  in  the  mean  Time,  perufe  his 
Nutes  taken  thereof. 

The  $ubj:dy  Bill  was  read  a  fecond  Time,  as  ajfo 
another  for  Confirmaiion  of  the  Subfidies  granted 
by  the  Clergy. 

This  Day  concludes  with  a  Mfmorandum^  That 
whereas,  in  the  Suhfidy  Bill  granted  by  the  Layity, 
the  Univcrfity  of  Oxford  was  named  before  the 
Vixxycxiwyoi  Cambridge :  It  was  much  debated  by 
the  Lotds  what  Couvfe  wss  ro  be  taken  for  an  "Z- 
qaiMty  between  them,  that  the  one  might  not  hav©'^ 
the  Piccedency  of  the  other.     But  nothing  was 
conducted  on,  about  this  Matter,  at  that  Time. 
Complaint  *•        But  before  we  proceed  to  this  Report,  it  is  ne- 
Su^J'^^r'^^^"'^  to  look  back  a  little  into  the  Jourtmh  of 
CoirtjrtiBn"  ^^thc  Commons^  for  the  Beginning  of  ths  Bufmels  a*j 
tiiinft  fo  renown'd  a  Man,  as  Sir  Francis  Bacm^ 
Lord  Verulam  \  whofe  Name  has  often  occurred  in 
the  Progrefs  of  this  Work,    March  the  15  th,  Sit 
Robert  Philips  miide  a  Report  from  the  Committee^l 
appointed  to  examine  in:o  the  Proceedings  of  thef 
Courts  of    Juftice,    which  he  divided  into  threcj 
Parts;  The  Perfon  againft  whom  ;    the  Matter ^'^ 
and  the  Opinion  of  the  Comruiitee  upon  it,  with' 
the  Defiie  of  further  Diredion  from  the  Houfe, 

'  The  Perfon,  he  faid,  was  the  Lord  Chancel- 
lor ;  a  Man  excellently  well  eiidowed  with  all  Parti 
of  Nature  and  An ;  oi  whom  he  would  not  fpeak^ 
much,  becaufe  he  could  not  fpeak  enout^h.. —  Hft' 
then  proceeded  to  accufe  the  Chancellor  of  Cor- 
ruption, and  open'd  the  Nature  of  ihc  Evidence  lo 
prove  it ;  but,  as  this  will  appear  much  clearer  in 
the  Trial  of  the  Lord  ChanceUor before  the  Lords>j 
we  (hall  poftpone  it  till  then. 

The  Commons,  purfuing  this  Enquiry  in  thcifj 
own  Houfc,  on  the  i9ih  received  a  Mefegc  from* 



the  King  by  one  of  the  Secrtiaries  of  State,  '  That  An.  iS.  J*nK3 1. 
the  Parliament  had  now  fat  long,  and  EajUr  being       ***^ 
at  Hand,  he  left  ihe  Time  of  CeiTiiion  to  that 
Houre:   That  his  Majelly   named  tucfdayy  the 
loih  of  jfprii^  if  they  thuught  proper;  but  this 
of  their  own  Choice/ 

His  Majefty  taking  Notice  of  the  Accurationa 
againft  the  Lord  Chancellor,  Aid,  '  That  he  was 
very  forry  a  Pcrfon  fo  much  adv.inced  by  him,  and 
fitting  in  fu  hijih  a  Place,  fhould  be  fufiKfled. 
That  he  cannot  anfwer  for  ail  others  under  him, 
iho*  his  Caie  in  the  Choice  of  Judges  hz^  been 
great ;  but  if  this  Accufation  fhould  be  provM,  his 
Majclly  would  punifh  him  to  the  full.' 

'That  the  King  would,  if  it  be  thought  fitting 
here,  grant  a  Conimiflion  under  the  Great  Seal  of 
Engliind^  to  examine  aU  upon  Oath  that  can  fpeafc 
in  this  Bufmcfs.  TheCommiflioners  lobe  fix  of 
the  Upper  Houfe,  to  be  chofen  by  ihem,  and 
twelve  to  be  elected  by  this  Houfe.  That  his  Ma- 
jefty was  forry  lh«  Chancellor  fliouM  be  lb  que- 
ftion'd,  and  lioped  he  would  be  clear'd  j  but,  if 
not,  aflured  the  Houfe  ihat  he  would  punifli  him.* 

This  MeilagewEs  molt  gr;ilefully  taken  by  the 
Commons ;  but,  the  Matter  being  to  coiue  before 
tbeLords,  theOfferofaCommiliion,  forexamining 
on  Oalh,  was  need  let's  ;  fo  it  was  lent  up  to  that 
Houfe  asaforcfaid. 

March  20.  The  Lord  Trcafurcr  made  his  Re- 
port of  the  Proceedings  at  the  Conierence  Yeftcr- 
day  with  the  Commons  i  in  which  he  informed 
their  Lordfhips  of  great  Abufes  in  the  Courts  of 
Juftice.  This  he  divided  into  ihrce  Heads,  as  Sir 
RsbettPhilipi  had  done  before  him. 

*  I.  Of  the  Perl'ons  accultd.' 

*  2.  Of  the  Matters  objected  agdinll  ibcm.* 
«3.  The  Proofs.* 

*  The  Perfons  were  the  Lord  Chancellor  of  En-^''^  ^P'"**  ^ 
gland,  and  Dr.  FitU.  Lord  Bifliop  of  Ufd^f-TZi^t^. 
The  incomparable  good  Parts  of  the  Lord  Chan-a»uw, 

cellor  were  highly  commended  \  the  Place  he  holds 
magnified,  from  whence  Bounty  >  Jullicc,  and  Mer- 

JJ3     7he  Parliamentary  History 

An.  i8.  janw  I.  Cf  were  to  be  diftributed  to  ibe  Subje^,  with 
1610.  which  he  was  folely  intruded ;  whither  all  good 
Caufes  were  drawn,  and  from  whence  no  Appeal 
lay  for  any  Injuftice  or  Wrong  done,  fave  10  the 
Parliament.  That  the  Lord  Chancellor  is  accufed 
of  Bribery  and  Corruption,  committed  by  hJtn  in 
this  his  eminent  Place  ^  of  which  two  Cafes  were 
alledged,  the  one  concerning  Chrijiaphtr  Aubrey^  the 
other  Edward  Bgerton.  In  the  Caufe  betwen  thi8 
Aubrey  and  Sir  William  BrmnUr^  Aubrey  fearing_ 
fomc  hard  Meafure,  was  advifed  to  give  the  Chan-*1 
cellor  100  1-  which  he  delivered  to  his  Counlel, 
Sir  George  HajUngi,  and  he  to  the  Lord  Chancel- 

'  The  Proceedings  in  this  BuHnefs  going  on  yec»j 
bulflowly,  Aubrey  wroie  Icvcral  Letters,  and  deli- 
vered them  to  the  Lord  Chancellor  j  but  could  ne- 
Tcr  get  any  Anfwer  from  hira,  till,  at  laft,  deliver-' 
ing  another  Letter  to  liim,  the  Chancellor  told  him. 
That  if  he  importun'd  him  again  he  would  lay 
him  by  the  Heels,  The  Proofs  of  this  Accufation 
are  five.' 

'  1.  S\x  George  Hajilngi  related  it  long  finceto 
Sir  Gearge  Montague* 

*  3.  The  Lord  Chancellor,  fearing  this  would  be 
Complained  of,  dcfired  Silence  of  Sir  Gecrge  Ma" 


'  3.  Sir  Ge<frge  Hajiingi's  Teftlraony  thereof  j 
which  was  not  voluntary,  but  urged.' 

*  4.  The  Lord  Chancellor  deljted  Sir  George  Ha^ 
Jiingi  to  bring  the  P.irty,  Aubrey^  unto  him,  and 

promifcd  Redrefs  for  ihe  Wrongs  done  to  him.* 

'  5.  That  the  Lord  Chancellor  faid  unto  Sic 
George  Hajlings,  if  he  woulJ  affirm  the  giving  thi» 
200  1.  his  Lofdfhip  would  and  rnuft  deny  it  upon 
his  Honour.' 

The  Cafe  of  Edward  Eger ten  y/^\\\\s:  There 
beirgaSuic  depending  in  Chancery,  between  the 
faid  Edward  znd  Sir  Rewlarid  EgerWi^  the  former 
prefented  his  Lordfhip,  a  little  after  he  was  made 
Lord  Keeper,  with  a  Bafon  and  Ewer  of  50  L 
ind  above  s   and  afterwards  he  delivered  to  Sir 



Of    E  M^  LAND.     3// 

Gif>r^e  Hcffings  and  Sir  Richcrd  7sun^y  400  I.  in^n.jg,  j„^,j^ 
Gold,  to  be  prefented  to  the  Chancellor.  Sjr  /J;-  '  1610, 
(bardTmfig  prefented  it  i  and  his  Lordfhip  took  and 
polled  ir,  and  iaid  ii  was  loo  much,  and  relumed 
Anfwer,  '  That  Mr  Bgcrton  had  notonly  enrich- 
ed hitn,  hut  had  laid  a  Tyc  upon  his  Lordftip  to 
do  him  Favour  in  all  his  juft  Caufc5.* 

'  The  Pro<ifsareiheTeftimony  of  Sir  G^'ffr^^/5;. 
.ft'fgiy  and  one  MerefiU^  a  Scrivener,  thus  far.  That 
he  took  up  700  1.  for  Mr  Egerion ;  "xho  then  told 
him  that  a  great  Part  of  it  was  lo  be  given  to  the 
Lord  Chancellor ;  and  that  Mr  ^^^rr^n  afterwards 
told  him  that  the  400 1,  in  Gold  was,  accordingly, 
given  to  the  Lord  Chancellor.* 

*  At  this  Conference  was  further  declared,  That  \ 

a  Bifhop's  Chiratiler  was  touched  in  this  Affair ; 
whofc  Fundion  the  Commons  much  honoured, 
tho'his  Perfon  was  fomcwhat  tainted  therein.  The 
Affair  was  thus : 

'  The  Buiinefs  depending  being  given  againftMr 
Egerloti^  he  procured  a  new  Reference  thereof  from  ' 

the  Kin^j;  to  the  Lord  Chancellor :  His  Lordfhip 
iirft  demanded  the  Parlies  to  be  bound,  in  6coo 
Maiks,  to  (land  lo  his  Award.  Having  entered 
both  into  Bond  for  that  Purpofe,  the  Chancellor 
awarded  the  Matter  againlt  £Ay(2ri£^^r/pn,  for 
Sir  Rnuhnd  Egerton.  The  former  refuled  to  ftand 
to  the  faid  Award»  and  a  new  Bill  was  exhibited  ia 
Chancery.  Hereupon  his  Lordfhip  ordered,  that 
the  Bond  of  6000  Marks  (hould  be  affigned  unto  Sir 
Rowland  Egertm ;  and  he  put  the  fame  in  Suit  in 
his  LordfhijA  Name.  The  Bifhop  of  Landaff,  as 
a  Friend  nxwo Edward Egertoti ^^\i\\ki\\  with  jRiSn- 
dsiph  Dfjvenpertf  and  one  Suffer  who  is  fince  dead  i 
to  endeavour  to  procure  a  Stay  of  the  Decree 
upon  that  Award,  and  a  new  Hearing.  It  was 
agreed  that  6000 1.  fliould  be  given  tor  this  by 
Mr  Egcrtstti  to  he  fhared  amongft  them  and  cer- 
tain honourable  Pcrfonsi  and  a  Recognizance  of 
10,000  1.  was  required  by  the  Bifhop  from  Mr 
E^ertott,  for  i*erformancc  thereof.  The  Bifhcp's 
Shsrc  of  this  6coo  1.  was  to  have  been  lb  great  as 

Vol.  V.  Z  no 

/  Court  of  Juftice  would  allow.  The  Com- 
j6io.  mons  produced  LfUcrs  of  the  Bifhop's,  naming 
ihc  Sum,  and  fctling  down  a  Coutfc  how  this 
6coo  I.  was  to  be  raifed,  viz.  The  Lnnd  in  Que- 
ilion  to  be  decreed  to  Mr  Egerton,  and  out  of  that 
the  Money  to  be  levied;  and,  if  this  Matter  was 
not  effe^Ud,  ihen  the  Bifhop  pTomifed,  in  Virb9 
Saterdsth,  to  deliver  up  the  Recognizance  to  be 
cancell'd.  The  Recognizance  was  fcal'd,  and 
Rtindelf  Davenpcrt  rides  10  Court,  and  moved  the 
Lord-Admiral  for  his  Letter  to  the  Chancellor 
herein;  but  his  Lordlhip  denied  to  meddle  in  a 
Caufe  depending  in  fuir.  Then  the  faid  Davtnpert 
cfl'iycd  to  get  the  King's  Letter;  buL  failed  in  that 
alfo:  So  th^it  the  Good  they  intended  for  Mr  £^^r- 
ten  was  not  effected  ;  and  yet  the  Bifhop,  tho'  re- 
quired, refufed  to  deliver  up  the  faid  Recognizance, 
untill  Mr  Egtrton  threatened  to  complain  thereof 
10  the  King.* 

The  Treafarer  alfo  declared,  *  Thai  the  Com- 
mons do  purpole,  if  any  more  of  this  Kind  (houtd 
happen  to  be  complained  of  before  them,  that 
they  will  prefen:  the  fame  to  the  Lords :  Wherein 
they  ftiall  follow  amient  Pieccdents,  which  (heWs 
That  great  Perfonagcs  have  been  accufed  for  the 
like  Crimes  in  Parliameni-  Laftly,  They  hum- 
bly defii'cdt  That  foralmuch  as  this  concerns  a 
IVrfon  of  lb  great  Eniinency,  it  may  not  depend 
long  before  their  Lordlhips.  That  the  Lxamina- 
tion  of  the  l^roofs  m^y  tK;  expedited  i  and>  if  he 
be  found  guiltv,  then  to  be  pimiflicd,  if  not,  ihc 
Accufcr  to  fuftVr  the  fame.* 

This  Repoit  being  ended*  (Ik  Lord-Admiral 
l^ood  up  and  acquainted  the  Lords,  *  TI:a:  he  bad 
been  twice  with  the  Lord- Cluncellor  to  vlfit  him, 
being  lertt  by  the  King.  The  HrllTime  l)c  found 
his  Lordfhip  very  fick  and  heavy;  the  fecond 
•  Time  he  found  him  bctitr  ar.d  much  comforted, 
becaufe  he  had  heard  that  the  Complaint  of  the 
Commona  againd  him  for  Grievances  was  come 
into  this  Hnuli;,  where  he  allured  hinilelf  to  find 
honourahic  Juftice,     In  Conli^lcnce  whereof  his 



0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      jjj 

Lordfhip  had  wriTten  a   Letter  lo   the  Houfci  An- iS.Jameii, 
which  Letter  the  Lord-Admiral  prefented   to  be         '*"*' 
read,  as  follows: 

To  the  Ri^ht  Honourable,  his  very  good  Lords, 
j_  the  Lords  Spinlual  and  Temporal,  in  the  Up- 
^  per  Houle  of  Parliament  aflembled. 
My  very  good  Lords, 

/Hmbiy  pray  pur  Urdjhipi  &U  to  make  ^ /d-TheLoMch«-" 
vourable  and  good  Confruifion  of  my  /f/r/fficeictlloi'sUttetto 
it  is  no  Fiignittg  nor  Fainting^   but  Sickngfs  both  cf^^  ^f*** 
tny  Heart  and  of  my  Back,  though  jsined  with  that 
Comfort  cf  Mmd  that  psrfuadeih  me  that  J  am  net 
far  frcm  Heaven^  whereof  I  ftel  the  firji  Fruits  : 
Jndy  becaufe^  whether  i  live  or  die,   /  Jhsuid  be 
glad  to  preferve  my  Uottmr  and  Fame^  as  far  as 
i  am  wyrthyt   hearing  that  fame  Complaints  of  bafi 
Bribery  are  come  before  your  Lordfltips^  my  Kequefis 
unto  your  Lcrdjhsps  are, 

Fir/i^  7hat  you  will  maintain  me  in  your  goad 
OpitiisN,  wit/jottt  Prejudice,  until  my  Cauje  be 

Secondly,  that  in  regard  I  have  fequeflered  my 
Mini  at  this  time,  in  great  ^art  ojf  from  world' 
k  Matters,  thinking  oj  my  Account  and  Anfwer  in 
a  higher  Court;  your  Lard/l/ips  would  give  me  fame 
convenient  Time,  according  to  the  Ceurfe  of  other 
Courts^  to  advife  with  my  Coun/ei  and  to  make  my 
Anfwer  \  wherein,  neverthekfs,  my  CounfePs  Part 
Will  be  the  Uajf.  For  J  Jhall  not,  by  the  Grace  of 
Gsd,  trick  up  my  Innoeency  with  Cavillations,  but 
plainly  and  ingenmujly,  as  your  Lordfhips  know  my 
Manner  is,  declare  ivhat  J  know  or  remember. 

Thirdly,  That,  according  to  the  Cour/e  of  "Jufiice, 
I  may  be  allowed  to  except  to  the  JVitnrffei  brought 
againfl  me,  and  to  move  ^ejUans  to  ysur  Lordjhips 
^  their  crofs  Examinations,  and  l:kewife  to  produce 
my  own  IVitnfjJes  for  Difcovcry  of  the  Truth. 

Lafiiy,  If  there  come  any  more  PetitiMi  of  that 

feature,  that  your  Lyniflttps  would  be  pleofta  not  t9 

take  any  Prejudice  *r  Apprthenjiin  of  any  Number  or 

Z  1  Mujlet 

356   TheVarliamentary  History 

An,  18.  jamoL  ^'^P^  ^  '*''">  efpecialfyy  agaittft  a  Judge  thai 
'  i6ao.  mahi  two  hundred  Decrees  and  Orders  in  a  Tear^ 
(not  to  fpeak  of  the  Courfes  that  have  been  taken  fw 
hunting  out  Complaints  againjl  me)  but  that  I  nuvf 
anjwer  them  according  to  the  Rules  of  Jujltcey  fevt- 
raliy  and  refpeSiively.  Thefe  Requefts  I  be^e  appmr 
to  your  Lordjhips  no  other  than  juft ;  andy  fo^  tUnkr 
ing  myfelf  happy  to  have  fi  Noble  Peers  and  Revf- 
rend  Prelates  to  difcern  of  my  Caufe,  and  dgfiring 
no  Privilege  of  Greatnefs  for  Subterfuge  of  Guilti- 
nefs  5  but  meaning^  as  I  faidy  to  deal  fairly  end 
plainly  with  your  Lordjhips^  and  to  put  tnyfglf  s^m 
your  Honours  and  Favours ;  /  pray  God  to  bleji  ymr 
Councils  and  Perfons.     And  fo  I  refiy 

ig  March,  ■>     Your  Lordfhips  humble  Servant, 


1 620.     5  Fr.  St,  Albany  Cam* 

The  Clerk  having  read  this  Letter,  the  Lo(d 

BiHiop  of  Landaff  was  admitted  to  fpeak  in  hia 

own  Defence,  on  the  Accufation  of  Socage,  in  a 

Bribe  intended  to  the  Lord- Chancellor,  in  Mr. 

Egerton's  Caufe.     The  faid  Bifliop  declared  bis 

great  Grief,  *  That  he  remained  accufed,  airaiga- 

l^^^l   ed,    condemned   and  executed,    in  diifd  Cau/S^ 

fence        '    ^or,  although  he  fhould,  as  he  doubted  not  to  do* 

clear  himfelf,  yet  the  Scandal  would  not  die-     He 

laid  that  the  Party  who  accufed  him  was  the  Party 

grieved;    a  Man  weak  and  mad  with  Afflidtkmj 

and  as  for  the  Aftion,  whereof  he  was  accufed,  he 

was  but  made  Ufe  of  in  it.    He  was  requeued,  firft 

by  Francis  Jemur  but  refufcd ;  then  by  Tr0ram 

Woodward,  and  then  he,  alfo,  denied  it;  at  laft  the 

Party  himfelf  requefted  him,  at  whofeTears he  yidd- 

ed  thus  far.  That  the  Party,  viz.  Edward  EgertoUt 

might  acknowledge  unto  him  a  Recognizance  of 

6000  l.,ic  was,  only ,  acknowledged,  notenrolled,  nor 

intended  to  be  eniolled;  he  was  only  truftcd  with  it 

for  Mr.  Egertonh  Good,  Davenport  and  othen  were 

tobetheAftors.  ThathedifchargedhisTruftaccor- 

dingly,  though  Davenport  and  others  impcMtuned 

him  to  the  cohtrary.     His  Aims  in  this  Adion 

were  two;   the  one  Charity,  to  do  Mr.  Egertm 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      357 


Good,  ihe  other  to  prefer  a  beneficial  Suit  to  an  jameil, 

honoumbie  Friend  to  whom  heow'd  his  very  Life.        >6w. 

If  he  had  an  Eye  to  lomc  private  Gain  to  himfelf, 

having  a  Wife  and  Children,  he  had  therein  Hnned 

againft  God,  in  not  rdying  wholly  on  him  for 

their  Maintenance;  but  no  Share  in  the  Sum  of 

this  bocol.  was  ever  purpoJcd  unto  him,  and  upiin 

ftridt  ExaminATion  of  his  Conicience  therein,   he 

proteftcd,  before  God,  in  whrtl^r  Sight  he  (lood, 

and  before  this  honourrible  Aflcnibly,  ^ui  eftit  DiJ, 

intuit.  That  he  was  not  to  have  had  one  Dinitr  of 

Share  therein.' 

When  the  Bi(hop  had  ended  his  Defence,  the 
Lord  Clmnibcrlain  moved.  That  for  the  better 
Coniideration  of  this  Eulinefs,  and  how  to  pro- 
ceed to  the  Proofs,  the  Court  may  be  adjourned, 
ad  plaiitum,  and  the  whole  Houfc  fie  as  a  Com- 
mittee; whereupon,  the  Lord  Chief  Jufticc  re- 
moved 10  his  Place,  as  an  Affiftant. 

After  much  Debate  thereof,  the  Chief  Juftice 
returned  to  his  Seat,  as  Speaker ;  and  it  was  agreed, 
that  a  Meilagc  fhould  be  fcnt  (o  the  Houfe  of 
Commons,  declaring,  '  That  the  Lords,  accor-  Proceedind  ia 
ding  to  the  Conference  Ycftcrday,  have  taken  Con-«  "  <S"«"  . 
fideraiion  of  the  Complaint  by  iliem  made  againft^*'*"'' 
the  Lord  Chancellor  and  againft  the  Lord  BiOiop 
of  Landaff.  That  they  find  the  Commons  have 
made  Ufe  of  three  Letters,  wrote  by  the  faid  Lord 
Bifhop  of  Landaff^  and  of  other  VVritings,  men- 
tioned by  them  in  the  faid  Complaint ;  alfo  the 
Teftimony  of  two  Gentlemen,  Members  of  that 
Houfe,  Sir  Gtargt  HajUngs  and  Sir  Richard  Tcung ; 
in  taking  whofe  Teftimony  the  Lords  intend  not 
to  touch  the  I'rivileges  of  their  Houfe,  but  to  have 
it  as  from  private  Pcrfons  and  not  as  Members  of 
Parliament.  Laftly,  That  the  Lords  may,  alfo, 
with  the  IikeReijic£l,  defirelhe  Teftimony  of  any 
others,  though  Members  of  that  Houfc,  if  Caule 
fhall  require,  upon  the  Kxamination  of  the  Abufcs 
complained  of  jinjiver,  '  That  the  faid  two 
Gentlemen,  Sir  Gmge  Hajiings  and  Sir  Rithard 
TffUffg  will  vuluntartly,  and  not  by  CommandmeuC 
Z.i  oc 

35  8    the  Parliamentary  History 

An.  iS.Juncsl.or  Dircftion  of  their  Houfc,  attend  their  Lord- 
^^  fliips;  and  that  all  Letters  required  Ihall  be  lent 
accordingly.  As  for  the  general  Requeft,  That 
the  Lords  may  fend  for  any  other  Member  of  that 
Houfe  to  be  examined ;  herein  ihry  humbly  pray 
that  they  may  advife  thereof  (u).' 

During  the  Time  that  the  whole  Houfe  fat  as  a 
Commiticc,  as  aforcfaid,  it  was  debated  and  agreed 
to,  that  the  Parties  undernamed  fhould  be  alfo  fent 
^r,  to  be  fworn  and  examined  in  this  Bufincfs. 

Kaiph  Merefiil, 
Tnffram  IVoodward^ , 
Ratidsrpb  Dmienpsrt*'^ 


Chrifiopher  Aubrey, 
Edward  Egerton^ 
Francis  yenour, 

It  was  alio  moved  and  much  debnted.  Whether 
Sir  fVilHam  Btonker  and  Sir  Rowland  Egeft&ny  the 
two  Ariverfarres  of  Chrifiopher  Aubrey  and  Edward 
EgerUn^  fliould  be  fent  for  to  be  examined,  whe- 
ther they  gave  any  Hiibc  on  iheir  Pari. 

Moved  by  the  Karl  of  SeuthmnpUn  ^x\^  aorcedy" 
That  an  Anfwcr  fliouW  be  fent  \o  my  Lord  Chan-' 
An  A  f  f  *^"^^'^  Letter ;  whereiipon  a  Meflajrc  was  fent  to 
TO  the  Lofd  *^  him  to  this  KfFefl:  *  That  the  Lords  received  his 
Letter,  delivered  unto  iliem  by  the  Lord  Admiral. 
They  intended  to  proceed  in  hisCaufe,  nou'  before 
them,  according  to  the  ri^'hc  Kulc  of  Juftice;  and 
ihcy  fhould  be  glad  if  his  Lor^ifliip  (hall  clear 
Honour  therein.  To  which  End  they  pray  hir 
to  provide  for  his  Defence.*  \ 

Moved  by  the  Fai!  of  Si/Jfol^^  and  much  deH 
ted,  touching  the  Precedency  and  Equality  of  the 
two  Univerfiiies,  when  much  v^as  alledgcd,    for' 
the  Right  of  Precedency,   in  each  of  them;   b\xT] 
the  Karl  at  Sujfsfk  dcfired  only  an  Equality  betv/een  i 
them;  ^vhtc^l  was  ordered  lo  be  put  to  rheQiiefttan 
To  morrow,  aiter  ihe  Subftdy  Bill  was  read.     Ad- 
journcij  to  Two  m  rhr  Afternoon. 

March  20.  p^JJ  Mfrsdiem.  An  Anfwcr  was 
brought  from  the  Lord  Chancellor  to  the  Mefiage 
nf  the  Lords,  *  That  lie  returned  them  humble 
Thanks  for  their  Aflurance  of  Juftice  in  hisCaufe, 


(vJ  Sm  the  Conclutlmi  cf  tljis  Matttt  abctrt  the  Biffliop,  in  thtt 


Of   ENGLAND.      ^S9 

and  Wcll-Wifhes  to  him  of  Succcis.    The  one^  jg  t^j^j^j^ 
fccures,  the  other  comforts  him.     That  he  intends     '  li-uh-  " 
to  put  their  Jyordfliips  in  mind,  hereafter,  of  fome 
Points  contained  in  his  Letter  i  for  that  the  fame  j 
„were  not  fpoken  of  in  the  Meflage  delivered  unto  ] 

I,    Sir  George  Hafiin^s  and  Sir  Richard  Youngy  jurat,  ■ 
'  1  ffiloir  Oire  to  all  Qucftions,  afked  by  the  Court, 
,,  r  Committee,  orby  any  authori7.ed  by  the  Court, 
I  whether  their  Anfw  eis  be  by  Word,  or  let  down 
|jn  Writing, 

\     The  Bill  for  the  Grant  of  two  entire  SwW'^JSubfidv.Bm 
\hy  the  Temponlity,  and  three  from  the  Clergy,  paffed, 
Lspas  pall'cd  and  confirmed* 
1^    Several  Witoellcs  fworn,  in  the  Caufe  of  Grie- 
ivances  on  the  Patent  for  Gold  and  Silver-Thread. 

Mdwar4  ^gertort  was  ilio  fworn  3t<IlIoirDirr,  ^e. 

after  which  he  dL-livcred  a  Petition  touching  the 

Proceedings   in   his  Caule   in   Chancery  j    cujuj' 

quiUt'm  Tsnor  fequilur  in  hac  Verba, 

To  the  Right  Honourable  the  Lords  Spiritual  and 
Temporal  in  theprefcnt  Parliament  aflembled. 

The  humble  Petition  of  Edward  Egbrton,  Efq; 

Humbly  flieweth, 

^Hit  your  Petitioner  being  unmarried^  and  fickfy, 
by  Indentures  of  UJes^   and  other  Csnveyanees,  ^/.'J^^'""*'^ 
tntaitd  divers  Mangis  and  Lands,  in  the  Csuntiei  ihei2t6cbMi^ 
y  Cheftcr  tfwr/ Stafford,  to  the  XJfe  af  ycur  Petiti-ttUot, 
4ner^  and  the  Heirs  MaU  of  b'a  Body ;  and  for  De- 
fault &f  fuch  Iffucy  t&  remain  ts  Sir  John  Egerton, 
and  his  Heirs ;  whiib  faid  Conveyances  were  voiun- 
taryt  without  any  Conftderation  fsr  the  fame,  and 
with  Power  of  Revccamn. 

7bat  Sir  John  Egerton  having  by  Deed,  executed 

^in  his  Lifetime^  eonveyed  all  bis  own  Lands  nmo 

iwland  Egcrion,  hii  Son  and  Heir;   and  having 

^^dvanced  in  Marriage  all  his  Daughters,  did  tnake 

his  laji  HViil  and  T/Jiament  in  Writingt  under  bis 

Hun^  and  Seait  having  Jtr^J  bmnd  the  faid  Row- 

3^0    The  Tarliamentr.ry  Hi  story 

An.i8.Tan«l  ^^"'^^  '"  ^  Statute  cf  $cco  I.  to  perferm  his  / 

That  the  /aid  Sir  John,  by  his  loft  Jf^iH,  in  ginerar 
ff^urd!,  dffvifid  all  his  Lord/hips  A^ftsrs,  Landiy  7>- 
fiementSy  and  Btreditamentiy  to  your  Peiitionsr  and 
his  Heirs,  and  made  your  Petiticner  file  Exetutor, 
BywbithfaidJViU  all  the  Ejlate  of  the/aid  Sir  John, 
in  any  Part  sf  your  Petnicner's  Landsy  [if  he  bad 
ony  Ej]ati  therein^  as  indeed  he  had  not)  was  /aW' 
fully  devifed  to  your  Petitioner ^  and  kis  Heirs. 

T}^t  the  [aid  Sir  Rowland  Egerton  undufy  oh- 
tainedofSir  John  Bennet,  Knt.  Letters  of  Admi- 
niflrattan,  to  be  granted  to  two  of  bis  SiferSy  afier 
the  faid  IfiU  was  exhibited  to  be  prorjed ;  tubereb 
ycur  Petitisner  uas  put  to  2000/,  Charge  in  "  '^ 
«f  Lavj. 

Ihat  Sir  Rowland  Egerton  hath  alfa^  by  indire^ 
Means,  got   into  hii  Hands  the  /'aid  Indenture  ^ 
Vfes,  and  all  your  Petitioner*:  other  If^ritings  and^ 
Evidences,  ai;d  refufeth  to  let  Hm  /ee  the  faid  Inden- 
tures of  Vfcs,  or  to  deliver  toy:ur  Petitioner  a  true 
Copy  thereof  albeit^  in  Law,  the  fame  doth  belong 
to  your  Petitionei. ' 

That  the  Lord  Ellefmere,  late  Lord  Chancellor  ff 
England,  before  the  Proljot  if  the  /aid  IVill,  did  de- 
tree,  Ihat  the  faid  Sir  Rowland  Jl^suJd  have  and  enky 
the  Mamrs  of  Urin-Hill  and  Hcywood-Bames, 
being  a  great  Part  of  your  Petitioner's  Inheritance, 
%i>orth  600  /.  per  //nnum^  icith  any  Caufe  -f  Equi- 
ty contained  in  the  fa-d  Dnree. 

Jhat  ysur  Petitioner  vk\de  humble  Suit  unto  the 
Right  Honourable  Francis  i^ifcount  Sr  Alban,  nm,o 
Lord  Chancellor  of  Kngland,  to  have  the  Benefit  of 
a  Suhje/f  to  recoter  hs  ancient  hiheritante  byotdinaiy 
Courje  of  Law :  1  hat  the  prefent  Chuncelhr  totik 
from  yiur  Petitioner  400  /.  in  Gild,  and  $il.  10  s,  in 
Silver  Plate  ;  which  Monty  was  accepted  from  your 
Petuianer,  by  the  Chancellor,  faying^  Your  Periti- 
uner  did  rol  only  enrich  him,  but  ,i!fo  laid  a  Tye 
upon  him  to  do  your  Peiicioncr  Jufticc  in  ^u 
rit;htfu]  Caufe :  That  afterzoards  the  /aid  Lord 
Chaneelkr  fent  for  your  Petitioner,  and  did,  by 

0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.    361 

grtat  Oathi  and  Prsttflcthns,  draw  your  Petttiener  An.  i8.  juna  i 
Ufealan  Obligation  tohis  Lsrdjhip  of  lo^Q<yi  MarkSy        i6jo, 
to  Jland  to  hh  Lerdjhip's  Award  fir  all  the  Lands 
wherrof  Sir  John  tgerton  difd  feized  on  j  but  mt 
fsr  any  other  of  ysur  Pelitisnefi  Lands. 

That  afterwards ymr  Petitimerwas^diversTimts^ 
fent  far  by  Thomas  Sharpcigh,  then  Steward  of  his 
Lord/h'ip^s  Houje  ;  attd  your  Petitioner  was  jeveral 
7smcs  offered^  That  if  he  would  presently  pay  iiooL 
in  ready  Mmey  ;  that  is  to  fay ^  1000/.  for  his 
l^rdjhlp^  and  ico/.  far  the  [aid  Sharpcigh,  that 
then  your  Petit'imcr  wsuld  have  all  his  Lands  decreed 
unto  him  \  which  your  Petitioner  ecuU  not  then  pre- 
fently  pay  in  ready  Monty. 

That  afterwards  the  Lord  Chancellor  did  not  only 
eonfinn  unto  the  faid  Sir  Rowland,  the  Lands  which 
he  then  hdd  of  your  Petitioner's  Inheritance^  being 
Worth  600  /.  per  Annum,  but  be  did  alfo  take  away 
from  ysur  Petitioner  more  Lands,  worth  15,000/. 
and  decreed  the  fame  unto  the  fid  Sir  Rowland 
Egerton,  wh  did  net  make  any  Title  thereunto  bt- 
fsre  the  faid  Bond  was  taktn^  or  the  Decree  made, 
iAkewije  the  LcrJ  Chancellor  did  decree ^  That  the 
faid  Bond  of  10,000  Marks^  made  hy  your  Petitioner 
to  the  /aid  Lord  CbanCflhr  in  his  own  Name^  jhould 
he  fet  ever  and  delivered  to  the  faid  Sir  Rowland  E- 
gerton,  ivho  Jhould  fe  for  the  fame  in  the  Lord 
Chancellor's  Nanie^  and  recover  on  it  to  his  own  Vfe, 

The  Lnd  Chancellor  did  further  deer  cey  That  your 
Petitioner  /hah  not  take  the  Benefit  of  tlye  Statute  of 
5000  /.  made  by  the  fid  Sir  Rowland,  to  perform 
the  fVill;  and  year  Pititioner  is  reftrainedy  by  the 
faid  Decree,  from  the  iienefit  of  a  SubjeJf  to  recover 
his  Righty  by  the  ordinary  Ccurfe  of  Commm  Law^ 
without  any  Caufe  of  Equty  fit  forth  in  the  fiid 

Ihat  your  Petitioner  having  fient  6000  /.  in  Suit 
at  LaWy  and  being  deprived  of  all  his  faid  Evidences^ 
being  utterly  imp  vtnjhei  by  the  evil  Dealing  of  the 
faid  Lord  Cbancclkr,  aitd  by  the  indi'efl  PrafliM 
cf  the  faid  Sir  Rowland,  is  likely  to  be  defrauded  of 
fiU  Ns  ancient  Inheritance,  contrary  to  the  common  Ju- 


jiSa    UcTarltammtary  History 

Aa.  ts.  Jimei  xftice  cf  the  Landy  €Xi£pt  he  be  relieved  herein  by  this 
i6to.       high  Cettrt  of  Parftament. 

Tour  Petitioner  humbly  prayeth,  thai  the  fmd 
Sir  Rowland  Egerion  mtiy  be  ordered  to  prO' 
duce  and  bring  firth^  upon  Oath^  all  fucb  In- 
denturei  nf  Ufei^  fP'rilingSy  and  Evidences,  as 
le  bathy  or  any  ether  bath  to  his  Vfe^  conurn'tng 
your  Petitioner's  /aid  Landt,  and  whereby  he 
daimeth  any  Ejlate  in  the  Landsy  to  the  End 
yoitr  Hon&urs  may  judge  theresf^  and  do  therein 
ftvrtkcr^  J/,  t9  your  If'ijdomSi  Jhall  feetn  to 
JIand  with  Jtifiiit, 

After  ihis  Petition  was  read,  Mr  Egerton  affirm- 
ed upon  his  Oath,  rh,it  the  Contents  ot  it  were 
true  i  and  he  was  afterwards  examined  further  in 
open  Court.  Piphert  Sharpeigh,  Efq;  Randolph 
Davenpcrt  and  Chrijlcpker  Aubrey ^  were  alfo  fworn 
and  examined. 

Afanh  zi.  At  the  Requeftof  Mr  Egerton,  three 
more  Wimeflcs  were  (worn  and  examined  in  his 
Caufc  :  And  many  more  VViuieffes  offemig  them- 
ielves  10  be  fworn,  in  the  Caufcagainft  the  Lord 
ChancelJor,  tliree  feveial  Committees  of  the  Lords 
were  appointed,  with  a  Judge,  or  an  eminent 
Counfcl,  to  attend  each,  to  take  Examinations,  in 
order  lo  expedite  ihc  Caufc.  Special  Caution  was 
given  tliem,  that  no  one  fliould  be  urged  to  accbfe 

A  MeHj*ge  was  brought  ftom  the  Lower  Houfe 
by  Sir  7homni  Edmonii^  and  others,  *  That  the 
Commons  acItnowI^:dge,  and  take  in  good  Part,  ih^ 
great  Refpe^t  between  the  two  Hoiifes  in  all  Caufes 
of  this  Parliament.  To  anfwer  which,  they  are 
well  pleafed,  that  the  Lords  of  this  Court  may  ex- 
amine any  Members  of  their  Houlc,  who  will 
freely  offer  ibemfelvcs  ro  their  Lordfhips  for  Ihat 
Purpofc.'  At  the  fame  Time  he  added,  '  That 
They  had  fent  to  their  Lordfhips  a  Bill  againft  Re- 
lators, Informei-s,  and  Promoters  j  and,  efpecialiy, 
commended  the  good  Succefs  and  Expedition  of  it  ; 
^ccaulc  they  did  conceive  it  would  dvc  great  Con* 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D-      363 

tent  to  the  Country/    Which  Bill  was  read  a  firft  An.  lil.jimcii. 
Time,  notwithftanding  the  Order  of  the  Houfe  of       '**'*' 

the  15th  InfVant Francis  Jeyner,  Ralph  MerrfiH^ 

and  Jnhn  Churcbilly  were  worn,  as  Witneflcs  in 
the  Chancellor's  Caufe. 

March  z\.  pojl  Meridiem.  Henry  Elfing  was 
fworn  in  Clerk  of  the  Parliament,  and  the  Form 
of  the  Oath  is  given  in  the  Journal  Sixteen  more 
Wimeffe?,  (here  named,  were  alfo  fworn  againft 
the  Chancellor ;  and  as  the  Examination  of  all  ihcfe 
Witneflcs  would  tnkc  much  Time,  it  was  agreed 
that  the  Committees  Jhouid  tr;\nrmit  the  Names 
of  the  principal  of  them,  and  the  Heads  on  which 
they  were  to  be  asked:  The  Examinations  to  be 
taken  in  opei]  Court. 

The  Form  of  the  OATH  agreed  on. 

rO  U  PxiU  fivear  that  ymJhaU  true  Anfwer  make  oathof  thcWit- 
h  all  fuch  ^cjlms  and  htvr^gator'm  &$ Jlidl xxW-.i  in  th« 

be  mentmcd  unta  pu  hy  this  High  Court,'  or  by  (^^  L(."^'i  chancel. 

Lerds  of  the  Committees,   or   by  arty  Perfift,    cr       '^'"'^'' 

PerJoftJ,  authorized  by  this  High  Court.     Tou  (hall 
fay  the  ^ruth,  the  ivhok  Truth,  and  nothing  but  the 

Truth',  and  you  J}}aU  mt  f pare  to  do  Jo,  neither  for 

Fear,  Favour,  or  AffeSlm,  or  any  other  Cau/e  -what- 
f>ever,  whether  your  Depofitions  be  in  IVritingyOr  by 

fp'crd  of  Mouth.     So  help  you  God,  and  the  Cw 

teHti  of  this  Book. 

Interrogatories  /*  be  minijired to ibem 
ibat  fballbe  Jent  to  he  examined  in  open  Court, 

a.  T 7[7Hether  they,  by  themfclvcs,  or  any  other 
V     VV     peiibn,  have  given  Money,  or  any  o- *^'^^^"**"'«"- 
ther  Gratuity,  to  the  Lord  Chancellor,  or  to  any 
Servant,!,  Friends,  or  Followers  of  his  ? 

2.  Wherhcr  tliey  have  adviied  or  directed  any 
lo  do  fo,  or  know  of  any  other  that  hath  io  done  ? 

3.  Whether  they,  or  the  Parties  which  they  ad- 
vifed  fo  to  do,  or  have  heaid  (o  to  have  done,  had 
then  any  Caufe  or  Suit  depending  before  him,  or  in- 
tended to  have  any.^ 

4.  Wh?- 


3^4    TheVarl'tamentary History 

An.iS.jim«T.     4'  ^Vhciher  they  have  intended,  attempied,  or 

j6io.        known  others  that  have  attempted,  or  contra£>cd 

for  any  Gratuity  to  be  given,  iho*  not  performed  ? 

Sir  GtoTgt  Ktyvtl  delivered,  in  Writing,  his  Ac- 
count of  the  Bribes  given   by  him  to  the  Loid 
Chancellor ;  which  he  alio  confirmed  by  Oath. 
FuitTier  T-timi-     Ordered,  That  no  Witnefies  be  examined  as  to 
naii_ofi5  of  wiT- what  ihey  received  themielves;    but  only   what 
"'  "  Bribes  were  given  to  the  Chancellor.    Several  oilier 

VVitnefles  were  cx.imined,  and  iheir  Depofiiions  ta- 
ken, in  Writing,  on  Oath. 

Mtifih  z%,  Thirieen  more  Witntflcs  fworn  in 
the  Chancellor's  Caufe-,  after  which  the  Lord 
ChieF  Juftice  related  a  Mcfla^e,  dehvered  Ycfter- 
day  by  Sir  ^o^fr/  PNlips^znA  others;  whirh  con- 
fiftcd,  he  (aid,  of  two  Points,  the  one  Matter  of 
Relpe;^,  the  other  of  Suhftance. 

'  In  the  firft  I  hey  .icknowledgcd  the  good  Cor- 
refpondence  between  both  Houfes»efpecially  in  the 
Examination  of  the  Grievances compLVmcd  of,  and 
prel'entcd  to  the  Lords;  with  humble  Thanks  for 
the  Support  the  Lortis  addfd  to  their  Labours,  in 
giving  the  Oath  to  the  Kxaminants;  which  they 
could  not  do.  They  ht-mbly  defire  to  know  the 
Time  of  the  ReceJs  ut  this  Parliament,  and  of  ilie 
Accefs  again,  (hat  ihey  may  depart  accordingly/ 
and  men  at  the  fame  Time  with  their  Lordfliips.* 

The  leconJ  Thing  being  Matter  of  Subltance, 
confiiicd  of  four  Points  againft  the  Lord  Chan- 
cellor, f 

*■  The  ilrll,,  a  Suit  in  Chancery,  being  between 
the  Lady  I0?,}rton.,  Plaintiff,  and  IVcsd,  with  othera^j 
Dekndaiits,  upon  Crofs-Bills.     The  Chancellor,! 
upon  Hearing,  wholly  dilmillcd  them;  but,  upon) 
the  Entry  rst  the  Order,  the  Crofs-ijill  againft  thd 
Lady  ^^<a'/flff  was  only  difmifll'd;  and,  afterwards, 
for  a  Bnhc  of  300  I.  given  by  the  Lady  ff^hartsn 
to  lite  Lord  Chancellor,  bis  Lord(hip  decreed  the 
Cauie  for  her ;  ano  then  hear  irg  that  /^W,  and  the 
other  Defendants,  complained  thereof  to  thcCom- 
douS)  his  Lord{bip  lent  for  ibem,  and  damned 


that  Decree  as  unduly  gotten ;  and  when  ihe  Lady  ai.  i8.  James  U 
IPlyancti  began  to  complain  thereof,  his  Lordfliip       it*"*, 
fent  for  her  alfo,  and  promifed  her  Redrels,  and 
faid,  That  the  Decree  was  not  yet  cnter'd/ 

'  In  a  Suit,  between  one  HuU,  Plaintiff,  and  H9U 
man^  Defendant ;  Holman,  deferring  his  Anfwer, 
was  committed  to  the  Flat^  where  he  lay  twenty 
Weeks  j  and,  petitioning  to  be  delivered,  was  an- 
fwere^i  by  Tome  about  my  Lord  Chancellor,  That 
the  Bill  fhouid  be  decreed  againft  him,  pro  Confefjo^ 
uiilefs  he  would  enter  into  2000 1.  Bond  to  ftand 
to  the  Lord  Chancellor's  Order ;  which  he  refu- 
fmg,  his  Liberty  coft  him,  one  Way  or  other,  bet- 
ter than  loool.  Hnlman  being  freed  cut  of  the 
Fleety  HiU  petitioned  the  Lord  Cliancellor ;  and 
Holman^  finding  his  Caufe  to  go  hard  on  his  Side, 
complained  lothcCommons:  WheseupontheLord 
Chancellor  lent  for  him,  and,  to  pacify  him,  told 
him  he  fhouid  have  what  Order  hepleafbd  himfelf.* 

'  In  anotherCaufe  between  Smitlkvuk  and  IVycbct 
the  Matter  in  queftion  being  for  Accounts,  the  Mer- 
chants, to  whom  it  was  referred,  certified  on  the 
Behalf  of  Smithwkk  \  yet  Spiithvuk^  to  obtain  a 
Decree,  was  told  by  one  Mr  Burroughs  one  near 
the  Lord  Chancellor,  that  it  muft  colt  him  200 1, 
which  Sum  he  paid  to  Mr  Burroughs  or  Mr  Hunt^ 
for  the  Ufe  of  the  Lord  Chancellor,  and  yet  he  de- 
creed but  one  Part  of  the  Certificate ;  whereupon 
he  treats  again  with  Mr  Burroughs  who  demanded 
another  lool.  vi\\k[^Smitbwlck  alfo  paid  for  the 
Ufe  of  the  Lord  Chancellor.  Then  his  Lordfhip 
referred  the  Accounts  again  to  the  fame  Merchants, 
who  certified  again  for  Smitfnvid ;  yet  liis  Lord- 
fliip decreed  the  l<!cond  Pan  of  the  Certificate  a- 
gainft  Smitlnvuk ;  and  the  firft  Hart,  which  was 
formerly  decreed  tor  him,  his  Lordfhip  made  doubt- 
ful. Sm'uhwUk  petitioned  the  Chancellor  for  his 
Money  again,  and  hrid  it  all,  five  20 1,  kept  bicfc 
by  Hunt  for  a  Year." 

The  Lord  Cliief  Jufllce  delivered  alfo  three  Pe- 
titions tu  their  Lordiliips,  received  YcHcrJay  from 
the  Commons  J  the  firft  from  ihcLaJy  /■f-'i-artony 


^66   V^e Tariiamentaryli\%r OKY 

4n.,j,jjnic»i.the  next  from  /^«<^,  and  others,  andihe  third  from 
i6so.        Smiiku:i{k. 

The  fourth  Pan  of  the  MeHJ^e  cnnfiftcd  only 
of  Inftruilions,  dchvered  to  ihc  Commons  by  one 
Churchill^  a  Regifter,  containing  divers  Bribes  and 
Abiifcs  in  Chancery  ;  which  they  defire  may  bo  _ 

Four  more  Witnefles  delivered  into  the  Lords] 
their  Depofitions,  on  O.iih,  againft  the  Chancellor.-^ 
in  Writing,  and  figncd  by  their  own  Hands.  One 
of  which,  lyilliam  Pcaccci's,  being  obfcrvcd  not 
fo  full  t!s  Yefterday,  he  was  asked  if  he  had  fpoke 
with  fomc  of  the  Lord  Chancellor's  Servants  fince 
that  Time;  which  heown'd  he  had:  Upon  which 
he  w-s  ordered  to  write  his  Depofuion  over  agaiily 
andadd  theSubltaiiceof  that  Confeience. 

It  was  now  that  the  Proceedings  againft  the 
Chancellor  met  with  fome  Stop,  by  the  Lords,  ia 
the  fevera]  Commiitces  appointed  to  enquire  into 
the  other  Grievances  complained  of  by  the  Com- 
tnotis,  Dringing  in  the  Accounts  of  ifaeir  Progtefs 
in  ihcm.  The  Lord  Chamberlain,  one  of  tho  I 
Committee  appointee]  to  enquire  into  the  Grievan- 
ces of  the  Patent  concerning  /hks  and  i^Jlelrits^ 

Spwtfromtiic  '  '^^'^-  '"  ^^'^  ^^'^  Patent  were  three  Things 
c«inr»:-tee  on  confideTHble :  Firft;  The  Legality  of  it  granted  to 
Ghesancci.  Mapjpffiii;  hut  in  tlut  the  Ojmmillee  bad  no 
Powe:  ro  judge.  Next,  The  Inconvenience. 
Laftly,  '['he  Abuibs  in  the  Execution.  That  the 
Inconvenience  appcarc-d  in  the  Patent,  where  the 
Judges  lire  made  fubjeil  to  a  bafe  Fine  of  five 
Shillings  i  and,  in  ihc  Exetuiion,  beraule  that 
Sir  GiUi  ]\fhmpeUiii  •.tffr<niie<l  die  Jullices  of  the 
Peace,  and  tluea:ncd  (evcral  of  them  with  the 
Council- Tafaie.  And,  bec.mfe  theie  wereCertifi- 
tates  (cm  him,  from  Time  to  Time,  of  ihofe 
Ale-Houte  Keepers,  wlio  were  fupprejled  for  ill 
Behjvlour,  he  made  ihW  Ufe  of  it,  lo  ni.ikc  them 
Innkeepers.  7'hat  he  grimed  Licences  to  divert 
bafe  Fellows  lo  k^cp  inus;  and  lued  out  Procelles 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      j*?; 

«gafflft  4000,  for  keeping  Inns  wiiliout  Licence,  An,  ,3  jaowT, 
^nd  for  the  Price  of  Hone- Meat,  of  which  he  on-        thaa, 
\y  tried  two  Suits.     Laltly,  HisLordfhip  delivered 
a  Colledlion  of  the  feveral  Abufes  and  the  Proofs 
of  ihcm.' 

The  Earl  of  Arundek  reported,  That  the  Con- 
fidcration  of  ihc  Grievances  by  the  Patents  oi  foie 
ManuftUUiring  Gsid  and  SJver-  Thready  complain- 
ed of»  being  comtnitted  to  h;s  Lordihip  and  other 
Loids  joined  with  him  in  Commiiicc,  '  That 
they  had  often  met,  the  Bufmefs  being  attended 
With  great  Difficulty  andconfifted  of  many  Parti- 
culars. That  they  had  examined  many  Witnefles, 
and  more  were  produced  who  were  fit  to  be  exa- 
mined, if  the  Time  of  Recela  was  not  lb  near  at 
Hand.  The  Lords  Committees  have  thought 
good  to  prefent  to  the  Houfe  ihqfe  Proofs  ihey 
have  made,  not  to  delay  the  Tirne ;  but  their 
Lordfhips  were  not  to  be  excluded  from  giving 
further  Proo;s  hereafter.' 

'  His  Lordfbip  oblcrved.  That  the  Committee 
dealt,  chiefly,  with  the  Execution,  not  with  the 
Legality  of  thcfe  Patents.  They  found  in  the 
Execution  thereof,  That  the  Authority  given  by 
Ihefe  Patents,  which  ought  to  have  been  rarely 
uicd,  was  ufed  by  them  familiarly,  to  the  un- 
doing of  Thoufands.  Thai  the  Warrants  dor- 
mant, to  feizcand  imprifon,  £?V.  exceed  all  Kinds 
of  Warrants;  oi  which  there  are  three,  and  one 
of  ihem  is  without  Date  and  r.i7.ed  s  and  the  other 
harh  a  Date  by  a  new  Hand.  Th-it  Sir  GiltS'Msm- 
piffon  committeti  divers  to  Prifon,  withoui  Exami- 
nation, which  they  could  not  do  by  that  Warrant. 
Several  were  threalned  with  Impriluninent.  7"lut 
one  F&wlis  did  lock  up  divers  in  his  own  Hoult-. 
That  feveral  Houles  were  violently  broke  up  and 
the  Psiiies  Goods  fei7-ed.  1  hat  others  wcrecom- 
pclled  to  enter  into  Bonds,  not  to  exercife  their 
own  Trade  and  to  ftand  'o  their  Orders  \  and  to 
muice  O.uh  whit  Quantity  of  Gold  and  Silver- 
Thread  ihty  fuldt  and  to  whom.  That  Sir  GU'i 
conftrlil'd  divers  of  ihefe  WrongSj  and  made  Relti- 
«t-  tutiuD 

3  6S    Tha  Tarliamentary  Hi  s  r « 

7*mcii.tution  unto  many.     That  this  Work  of  Gold  and 
1610.        Silver-Thread  was  much  fophifticated,  fiiice  ihe 
Grant  of  the  folc  Mdnufa£ture  thereof.* 

His  Lordihip  further  declared.  That  the  Lords 
Committees  urged  none  to  accufe  himfcif,  and 
admonifhed  every  Man  nol  to  accufe  another  out 
of  PafTion.  He  defined,  That  though  Sir  Giles 
Mompeffon  be  fled,  yet  that  Fswlh  and  other  De- 
hnquents  may  be  heard  here,  what  they  can  fay  in 
their  own  Defence. 

The  Earl  of  Smihamptoft^  one  of  the  Commit- 
tee to  conlider  of  the  Grievances  complained  of 
for  Comealmenti^  reported  to  ihc  Houfe,  '  That 
they  find  his  Majefty  to  be  much  abufcd  in  the  Pre- 
tence and  Execution  of  this  Grant.'  They  find 
that  Sir  Giles  Mompeffm  obtained  a  Commiflion  to 
himlelf,  to  call  all  Officers  befort  him;  by  Virtue 
whereof  he  fetched  up,  from  all  Parts,  the  King's 
Officers,  and  kept  them  here  to  fill  his  Book,  gran- 
ted unto  him  of  200 1  per  Annum,  on  concealed 
Lands,  in  Recompence  of  his  Service.  The  Pro- 
ceedings, Warrants,  and  the  Abufesin  the  Execu- 
tion, are  all  fct  down  in  the  Declaration,  delivered 
by  the  Commons.  Their  Lordftiips  Labour  was 
to  look  into  thefe  Informations,  wherein  they  de- 
fired  the  Help  of  divers  Gentlemen  of  the  Lower 
Houfe  J  who,  not  u  Members  of  that  Houfc,  but 
as  private  Gentlerren;ind  Kricnds,  gave  their  Lord- 
fhips  full  Satisfadion  therein.  In  ihii  Search,  they 
found  Proofs  of  every  Point,  fet  down  in  the  faid 
Declaration  i  and,  for  their  more  full  Satisfaftion, 

Lthey   reviewed  the  Records  ihemfelves,    wherein 
they  fojnd  fomc  Procecdit;gs,  not  mcnlioned  in 
the  DecUration,  and  not  warranted  by  any  Com- 
miflion.   Vi%. 
*■  Procefs  ufed  by  Ge^ge  GeUard,    Sir  Giles 
Mompejjhn^   Agent,     in    the   King's   Attorney's 
Name  j  the  laid  GeUard  confefEng  to  one  and  but 
*  Sir  Giki  Mmpejfm  ufed  GeUard  and  his  Man 
as  his  Agcnis;  Gekiard  to  be  CommiiHoncr  and 
Geidnr-J's  Man  to  be  his  Clerk/ 
*  Their 

Of   ENGLAND.     36^ 

*  Their  Lordfhips  found  likewifr.  That  C?'/-Aa.  t8.Tam«l. 
dard's  Man  gave  the  Evidence  ro  die  Jury,  and,        T«ao, 
though  the  Jury  found  an  imperfeift  Verdifl,  yet 

Gildard  proceeded  as  upon  a  perfect  one.* 

'  That  Geldard  compounded  with  divers  who 
were  queftioned  for  their  Lands,  as  concealed,  and 
employed  thofe  Parlies,  asCommiflioncrs,  for  their 
own  Comporuions.' 

*  they  fet  down  in  their  Book  an  Advow- 
fon  and  a  Retflory  at  Four  Pence  per  Annum ; 
and  Lands,  called  Peafe  Marjh^  at  Ten  Shillfngs  a 
Year ;  which  was  affirmed  by  Sir  Gt^rge  Mosrt^ 
the  Tenant  to  it,  to  contain  700  Acres,  and  to  be 
better  wotth  than  300  I.  a  Year/ 

*  Thnt  there  was  no  Time  limited  to  Sir  GiUi 
Msmpeffon  to  fill  up  his  Bouk ;  whereby,  his 
vexing  the  Subjeft,  to  fill  the  fame,  might  continue 
icvcn  Years/ 

*  Laftly,  Their  Lordfhips  conceived,  That  as 
his  Majelly  had  been  abufcd  in  the  Grant  and  in 
ihe  Execution  of  it,  fo  he  fliould  alfo  have  been 
in  the  End/ 

After  this  laft  Report  was  ended,  the  Lord  Ad-Marqult  of 
miral,  Buckingham^  ftoodup  and  moved  the  Houfe,B"citinghjm'i 
•  That  Care  might  be  taken,  hereafter,  that  the^**^""^" 
Sophifticauon  of  the  Manufafture  of  Gold  and  Sil- 
ver-Thread be  prohibited  ;   and  none  be  permitted 
to  work  ihcieon,    to  watte  and  confume  the  Bul- 
lion of  the  Land.     Hecommended  theTradcthat 
fet  fo  many  Tboufands  on  Work  ;  and,  if  Order 
was  firft  taken  for  bringing  in  Bullion,  and  againft 
the  Sophiftication,   it  might  be  gainful  both  to  the 
King  and  Common-Wealth  ;  and  to  new  Paten- 
tees, if  another  Patent  ihereof  (hould  be  thought  fit.' 

His  Lordlliip  fhewed  further,  '  That  the  Mo- 
tive for  the  Grant  of  Csnuaimtnti  was.  That  Sir 
Gilei  Mampefjon  ofF-?red  his  Service,  to  confider  how 
the  Muliiiude  of  Officers  in  the  Exchequer  might 
be  cut  off.  In  which  his  Majcfty  firft  aflced  the 
Opinion  of  the  Judgeij  and  his  Majefty's  Plenfure 
was  not  to  prejudice  any  Officer,  duria£  his  Life, 

Vol.  V.  A  »  but 

3^0    77^^ Tarliamctitary  Hi stoky 

\n.  iS.Jimesl.but  to  provide  for  ihc  fiiiurc ;  which  was»  and  yet 
1610.  is,  his  Majefty's  Rclolulion  to  do  ;  in  Confideration 
whereof,  this  Patent  of  Cmcealmtnti  was  firll  grart- 
rcd  TO  the  faid  Sir  GiUs.  \\  was  ill  forefeen,  that 
a  NUn  of  his  corrupt  Dirponciun  fhould  be  admit- 
ted to  view  the  Records,  which  he  might  embezzle, 
blot  or  raze  out  for  his  own  Profit;  but,  at  that 
Time,  Sir  Gilts  had  the  Reputation  of  an  honcft 

*  That  Sir  Giles  had  abufcd  this  Grant  many 
Ways,  but,  as  yet  nothing  was  paft  under  Seal. 
Thai  the  Abufc,  partly,  grew  out  ot  this.  That  Sir 
GiV^j  had  compounded  withone  G^/Jjrrf  for  thefeme, 
-.vho,  to  make  his  beft  Commodity  thereof,  put 
iiuo  (he  Book  Matters  of  great  Value  at  fmall 
Rate$i  which,  when  his  LordQiip  heard  of,  he 
rebuked  Sir  Giles  and  wille.1  him  to  look  to  it,  and 
not  to  fuffci-any  Thing  to  be  paft  but  what  the 
Chancellor  of  the  Exchequer  (hould  firft  allow  of. 
'I'hat,  thereupon,  the  faid  Sir  GiUiy  in  the  Hear- 
ing of  his  LordQiip,  delivered  his  Book  to  Mr, 
Ch:incellor  to  be  viewed,andwhatfocver_hethoiighc 
good  [o  be  put  out.  Laftly,  Though  much  was 
intended  ,to  the  Prejudice  of  his  Majefty  and  the 
Su-Mctt,  yet  nothing  was  paft.' 

VVhen  the  Minilter  Iiad  ended  his  Speech,  a 
Motion  was  made  and  agrted  to,  *  That,  aliho* 
(he  Prcofs  given  before  the  Lords  againft  Sir  GiUi 
Mempijm  and  others  his  Agents,  for  their  Mifde- 
mcanors,  were  good  and  m.inifolii,  yet,  their  Lord- 
Ihipswill  hear  tiK  Ponies  ihemfclves  what  they  can 
fay  in  their  oivn  Pefcntc.  But,  becaufe  Eajt^r  is 
drawing  on,  and  the  Time  of  Rtcefs  very  near,  in 
which  fhort  Space  ail  the  Delinquents  cannot  be 
heard  and  priJteedeJ  agalail ;  it  was  furtlier  agreed, 
ThataCoMetlionhc  madeof  all  1  he  Proofs,  concer- 
ning Sir  Giles  Mo'Hpf£l/i  only  ;  which  being  read  10 
the  Houle,  the  Lorua  Would  proceed  to  fentenceSir 
GiUs  Mampejfan^  thoufili  ableni ;  for  that  his  Flight 
is  an  Eviction  in  Law:  And  for  that  the  Expec- 
tation thereof  is  great  as  well  as  the  Grievance, 
therefore  the  Procetdiags  fliQuld  be  with  Expc- 
i  .  dition. 



Of    E 


diiion,  ihat  ihe  whole  Kingdom  might  hear  of  the  An.  iSjiBQwr, 
PumJhTiien(\it\\io\QA  upon  Deliiiquentiy  by  this  Par-        '^*"* 
liam^ht,  as  Wtll  as  of  tl)e  gnintccj  Sub/idies. 

A  Debate  arifing,  in  wlur  Manner  to  proceed  ^^^m" tlw<w« 
a,?ainft  the  laid  Sir  Gihy  whether  by  Indiftment 
in  thaiHoufc,  ororhcrwife?  And  [here being  Ibme  . 
Confulioii  amongft  the  Spc:)kers,  the  Prince  of 
If^aifs,  who  conlbnrly  atrfnded  ihis  Bufincfs  Mor- 
ning and  Al'iernooii,  ma<Jc  ii  Motion,  '  That  by 
the.aniicnt  Orders  of  the  Uoufc,  no  Lord  was  to 
(peak,  twice,  though  10  explain  himlclf,  except 
I'litie  other  Lord  miftake  his  Meaning  in  any  Part 
of  his  Speech,*  This  was  commanded  to  be  en- 
tered, and  ordered  to  be  obT'Tvcd. 

On  a  f.loiiiin  of  ihe  EAr\oi  J'UtideU,  thcfioufe 
was  aJJDUFtxd,  ad  LsbitwJ^  and  :hc  Lord  Chief 
Juftice  ]cft  hih  Seu,  as  Lord  Chancellor.  Then 
it  wa.s  debaictJ,  What  Courfe  fhould  be  taken  with 
Manhlai  FowUi^  Gto'gf  Geldardy  and  oihcr  De- 
linquents, committed  by  the  Lower  Houfe,  and 
fent  by  tliem  \o  be  examined  by  ilic  Lords;  and 
many  foul  Abulcs  proved  againft  them.  Likewlfc 
coiiccrnlng  Sir  Fintnis  Mitikeil^  ivhcm  ihtr  Lower 
Houfe  had  Hrft  committed  for  a  Contempt  againft 
tlietu,  and  isalfo  found  guilty  of  many  great  Mif- 
demeanors,  rcUting  ;o  the  Patent  of  Gold  and 
Silver-Thread.  But  nothing  was  then  refolvcd  on ; 
and  the  Chief  faftice  returning  to  his  Sear,as  Chan- 
cellor, a  MelTi^c  was  fent  Irum  the  Lords  to  ihe 
Lower  Houfe,  to  defire  they  would  picali:  to  pre- 
Sfent  themJelvesthis  Al'ternoon,  with  their  Speaker, 
to  hear  his  M^ijelty's  Commiffion  read  for  the 
Royal  Aflent  to  the  two  Suhftdy  Bills:  Alio,  to 
acquaint  ihtin,  that  the  Lords  had  agreed  the  Re- 
cefs  from  P.irlianu-nt,  ibis  Time,  to  be  on  Tuejday 
next ;  hut  th-ii  the  LoriJs  do  leave  the  Tmie  for 
Accel's  again,  to  the  Confideration  of  theCommons: 
And  funhcT,  10  let  ihem  know  tljat  the  Lords 
are  very  cartful  10  expedite  the  Hill  againft  Premo- 
tirs,  which  was  fu  c^rneftly' commended  unto 
ihem.  Which  Bill  been  once  read,  but,  bc- 
A  a  1  caufe 

37^   TheTarliaf^entaryKisrOKY 

Aiui8.jamMLcaufe  the  Time  of  the  Recefs  is  fo  near,  their 

I  6m. 

Vn«nimiry  of 

Lordfhips  intend  to  fpend  this  Interval  in  procecij- 
ing  to  fenrence  Sir  Gila  MompelJbn  only.  Laflrly, 
Their  Lordfhips  deiirc  a  Conference  with  ihem, 
about  the  fafe  Keeping  or  Bailing  of  Matthias 
FatvUSy  George  Geldard^  and  oiher  Delinquents, 
committed  by  them  of  ihat  Houfe ;  and  that  they 
come  prepared  to  give  their  Lordfliips  Satisfaftion 
therein.'  Anfwer  returned,  '  That  the  Commons 
agreed  to  all  thefePropofitions  of  the  Lords ;  would 
■come  prepared  for  the  Conference  that  AfternooD  ; 
and  give  them  an  Anfwer  to  every  Thmg.' 

March  22,  poji  Meridiem,  The  Speaker  of  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  being  fent  for  in  and  come 
to  the  Bar,  the  Lord  Chief  Juftice  delivered  to 
the  Clerk  the  King's  Commiflion,  figned  by  his 
Majtfly,  and  under  the  Great  Seal,  with  the  two 
A<^s  of  Suhftdiei  annexed  to  it.  Which  Commif- 
"fion,  in  the  ufual  Form,  (and  therefore  omitted) 
being  read,   the  Commons  withdrew. 

The  Lords  being  to  meet  the  other  Hoafe  in 
the  Painted- Chamber^  the  Eirl  of  Z>tfr/^  actjuaint- 
ed  their  Lordfhips,  '  That  he  was  informed  by  fe- 
veml  Gentlemen  of  the  Commons,  that  the  Mcf- 
fagc,  fcnt  them  in  the  Morning,  was  wholly  mifta- 
ken  in  the  DeHvery  of  it.  On  which  another 
MefTagc  %vas  fcnt  to  the  fame  Purptirt,  by  other 
MelTenger?,  in  order  to  explain  the  former.* 

On  the  Return  from  the  Conference^  the  Lord 
Treafurer  made  the  Report  of  it  to  the  Lords, 
*  That  the  Commons  render  their  Toriifhips  hum- 
ble Thanks,  for  their  honourable  and  rcfpedtful 
Kntertainment;  wJth  hearry  Thanks  to  Almigh- 
ty God  for  the  great  and  good  Unity  between 
the  two  Houfes.' 

•  That  whereas  their  Lordfhips  had  left  the 
Time  of  Accefs  again  to  Pailiament,  to  be  refol- 
ved  on  by  them ;  they,  upon  ferious  Ochberation» 
have  agreed  the  fame  to  be  on  the  i7Lh  of  April 

'  That  they  refer  tinto  their  Lordfhips  the  Bail- 
ment or  Commitment  of  MoUbiai  Fewlis,  GeU 




0/   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     373 

^ardt  and  other  Prifoners,  by  them  ti-aafmitted  to  An,  i8.  jama  I, 

ibcir  Lordlhips.    But  their  Opinion  is,  if  it  may       '^*°' 

fo  ftand  with   their  Lordfhips  Plesfurc,   That  a 

Goal  is  the  beft  Buil  for  them.     And,  as  for  Sir 

Francis  A/i/iT^//,  though  he  be  by  them  committed  *  • 

Prifoner  to  the  Totvsr^  yci,  he  is  left  to  their  Lord- 

ihips  DeEerminaiicn.* 

After  Tome  Dt;bate  on  what  Oiould  be  done  with 
thofe  Prifoners,  it  was  ordered,  That  Fou/Ijs  and 
Geldard  fliould  be  committed  cloie  Prifoners  to  the 
Fkit  J  with  a  fpecial  Charge  to  the  Warden  for 
their  fafc  Cuftody :  And  a  Wamnt  was  made  out 
by  the  Clerk  of  Parliament  accordingly, 

TTic  Lord  Treafurer  put  the  Lords  in  Mind  of 
the  Motion  made  by  the  Lord  Admiral  this  Ador- 
ning, For  fome  Order  to  be  taken  to  prevent  the 
Sophiftication  of  Gold  and  Silver- Thread,  and  the 
Wailc  of  Bullion.  Agreed,  That  the  Attorney 
General  do  draw  up  a  Form  of  a  Proclamation 
for  that  Purpofc  j  to  prefent  the  fame  to  the  Houfc, 
and,  upon  Approbation,  to  be  laid  before  his  Ma- 
jefty.  • 

Upon  a  Motion  of  the  Lord  Houghtotit  *  For 
Precedents  to  be  fearched  for  and  produced,  touch- 
ing Judicature,  Accufations  and  Judgments,  an- 
ticnUy  ufed  in  this  High  Court  of  Parliament.*     It 
was  order'd,  '  That  a  Committee,  of  a  fmail  Num-  A  Ciinimitr«  of 
ber,  fhould  prcfenily  take  Care  for  the  Search  there-  }f"^\  ^'*"^*V",* 
of  amongft  the  Records,  remaming  in  the  ^^sfftdtcwutc,  &c, 
or  ehewhere,  and  Copies  of  the  fame  certified  un- 
der the  Otiiccrs  Hands.*    The  Earls  of  Hunting- 
daa,  Wanvitk^  and  the  Lord  Hifugbton  were  ap- 
pointed for  that  Purpofe.-^  Five  mote  Witnef- 
fes,  with  the  Lilly  If-^hartan^    fworn  in  the  Caufe 
againft  the  Lord  Chancellor. 

March  23.  Upon  a  Motion  of  the  Earl  di  Suf- 
folk and  tnliers,  it  was  ordered,  '  That  fome  of 
:he  Lords  be  appointed  lo  caufe  Precedents  to  be 
learchetl,  and  Proofs  to  be  produced,  concerning  the 
Precedency  and  Antiquity  oi  the  two  Univcrljties 
01  this  Kingdom  i  and  the  Umt  to  be  prefentcd  to 
the  Houfe  at  the  next  Acccis  of  Paiiiamenl.' 

A  a  3  It 

374   TheTarHam€ntatyHisrov.Y 

An.  i8.  firnei  I.     It  was  agreed  alfo,  *  That  tlic  two  former  Com- 

ifiio.       miltccs,  or  any  two  Lords  of  either  of  the  faid 

Commiaees,  be  appointed  to  cxamiiieVVitneilcs,in 

Wi"th«'urf^^^  Chancellor's  Caufe,  from  Time  lo  Time,  be- 

Chanecilof'i       iween  Uic  Recefa  and  Acccfs  of  Parliament. 

pafc.  Some  more  Wimcflcs  fworn  and  examined  againfl. 

the  Lord  Chincellor.' 

Pejl  Msr'sScm,  £4zvard  Egertofii  Kfq;  prefen- 
led  a  Petition,  praying,  '  That  Sir  Roivhttd  Eg£r- 
ton  be  crdercd  forthwith  to  produce,  upon  Oath, 
certain  Indentures  and  Writings  gotten  undue- 
ly  from  the  Petitioner.  Upon  a  Motion  of  the 
Lord  Skejf.etii^  the  faid  Petition  was  ordered  to 
rerrain  with  the  Clerk,  untill  the  Corruption  and 
Bribery  complained  of,  be  determined;  and  then 
the  LoiJs  would  tike  it  into  their  Confideration/ 
On  a  Motion  of  the  Earl  of  Arunhlt^  who  ac- 
quainted ihe  rioufe,  '  Thar  ibe  Lords  Commit- 
tees be  ng  ordered  toex3m;re  ncncto^iccufe  them- 
felm,  they  had  taken,  only,  ibe  Dsclaration  of 
Thmds  Norion,  Gtrvafe  Unzt-en,  r.nd  Afithony  Ber- 
ry, touching  the  Patentees  of  Gold  and  Silver  j  it 
was  ordered,  That  the  faid  Perfons  fhould  be  now 
examined  concerning  Sir  Gt!is  Mcmpejjsn  only/ 

Sir  Ralph  Hatisby  being  fworn  in  the  Lord 
Chancellor's  C:!Ule,  \heY.\\\  of  Southampton  ^^vf- 
ed,  *  That  thefaidSiriJfl/^^bcingexamined  by  his 
Lordfijlp  and  others,  corccrning  a  Bribe  of  500  I. 
given  by  himfelf  to  the  Lord  Chancellor,  he  made 
a  Doubt  whether  his  Aiilwer  thereunto  might  not 
be  prejudicial  id  his  Cauft;  wherefore,  their  Lord- 
fhips  Refulution  hetein  was  required.  Whether  the 
faid  Sir  Ralph  Ihould  be  urged  to  make  liis  Anfwer 
cr  not  ?* 

Aflrr,  long  Dcbaie  of  this  Matter,  it  was  wdcrd, 
'  Thjt  the  Examinations,  taken  in  this  Court, 
,  foould  nu:  be,  hertalier,  ufed  in  any  other  Caule, 
or  in  any  other  Court.  And,  altho'  divers  of  the 
Lords  were  of  Opinion,  That  the  Party's  Ccnfef- 
fion  of  the  giving  of  a  Bribe  cojIJ  not  be  prcju- 
(ilcial  at  all  to  him,  yet  others  doubted  thereof. 
Xiierefure,  i^  was  put  to  the  Qusftiun,  Whtther 


Of  ENGLAND.     375 

the  faid  Sir  Ralph  fhould  be  examined  what  Gifr^^      .^j^^,. 
or  Reward  he  had  given  to  the  Lord  Chancullor,        ,6ii, 
and  it  was  agreed  he  (hould  be  examined  in  that 
Form  only.' 

The  Earl  of  Huntmgdsn,  one  of  the  Commit- 
tee appointed  to  fearch  Precedents  of  Sentences,  iSc 
reported,  *  That  they  had  fcarched  the  Records, 
and  the  Earl  of  jyanvick  read  the  Heads  of  levc- 
ral  Precedents,  and  then  delivered  the  Notes  taken 
out  of  the  Records,  and  ligncd  by  the  Officers,  to 
be  kept  by  the  Clerk.' 

The  Colleaion  of  Sir  Gihi  MmptJon*%  Offen- 
ces, touching  Inni  and  Hojieriti,  and  ihe  Froofe 
thereof,  were  read,  with  the  Patent  and  Commif- 

iion  concerning  the  lame. Adjourned  to  the 

z6th  Inllant. 

March  26.  The  King  came  to  the  Houfe  of 
Lords,  tlic  I'eers  being  all  in  their  Robes,  and  the 
Prince  with  his  Coronet  on  hii  Head  ;  the  Earl  of 
Oxford^  as  Lord  Great-Chamberlain,  bearing  his 
white  Staif,  and  the  Earl  of  McfitgGrnery  the 
Sword.  His  Majefty,  being  feared  on  the  Throne, 
made  the  following  Speech  to  the  Lords  only  [x]. 

My  tordsy 

*  rnr^  H  E  lad  Time  I  came  hither,  my  Errand  TheKing'i 

*  J[_     wa«  to  inform  you  (as  well  as  my  Memory  Sp«ch  to  the 
'  Could  fcivc  me,  of  Things  fo  long  pafled)  of  the  '*'^*- 

'  Vcriiyof  my  Proceedings,  and  the  Cautions  uied 

*  by  me  in  the  paffing  of  thofe  Patents,  which 
'  arc  now  in  Qucllion  before  you  ;  10  the  Efieit, 

*  that  they  miglu  not  be  abufcd  jn  the  Execution : 
'  *  And  thli  1  did  by  Way  of  Declaration.     But 

*  now  I  am  come  (underftanding  the  Time  of  < 
*•  your  Ccniurc  to  draw  near)  to  exprefs  my  Rca- 
'  dinels  to  put  in  Execution  (which  is  the  Life  of 

'  the 

(;ifl  This  Speech  ii  m  Jtupfo^rih,  Vol.  I.  P.  »+■  but  is  oniic- 
tril  m  the  EJition  of  Ki-i;  'Jamn't  Wutlci  ;  >i,  iniiceil,  are  all 
hit Spcircha  to  I'lrlumenr,  ctcfp*  Fmir:  But  tor  viKxX  Rejlbnisilot 
rm'y  (•>  ^ff*.  'I'hf  tolluuing  ii  takrn  irOm  ciiic{fitinred  Jt/^ii/Mt 
hy  Bcrham  l^tricn  and  7giin  Pill,  Piin:en  lo  c:'«  Kwg'a  Moft  Ei- 
ccllfiit  Majc^ly,  16215  in  the  valiubk  CoIUftJon  of  Painphlctt 
ia  the  Liboiy  uf  the  luc  Sii  tUi'-y  i.t^drukt,  Birt. 

57^  Tbe¥arU0mentary'iiisro9iT 

Afci9.JameBl#*  *e  Law)  thofe  Things,  which  ye  arc  to  fentcnce 
l63ii       '  (for  even  the  Law  itfelf  is  a  dead  Letter  with- 

*  out  Execution)  for  which  Office  God  hath  ap- 

*  pointed  me  in  thefe  Kingdoms.  And  though  I 
'  aflure  myfelf,  that  my  former  Behaviour,  in 
'  aU  the  Courfe  of  my  Life,  hath  made  me  well 

*  known  for  a  juft  King ;  yet  in  this  fpecial  Cafe 

*  I  thought  fit  to  exprefs  my  own  Intentions,  out 

*  of  my  own  Mouth,  for  Punifhment  ofThings 

*  complained  of.     The  firft  Proof  whereof  I  have 

*  given  by  the  diligent  Search  I  caufed  to  be  made 

*  after  the  Perfon  of  Sir  Giles  Mompg//5n,  who 

*  though  he  were  fled,y  et  my  Proclamation  purfued 

*  him  inftantly  (y) :    And  as  I  was  camcft  in  that, 

*  fo  will  I  be  to  fee  your  Sentence  againft  him  put 

*  in  Execution. 

*  Two  Reafons  move  me  to  be  eameft  in  the 
'  Execution  of  what  ye  are  to  fentcnce  at  this 

*  Time:  Firft,  That  Duty  I  owe  to  God,  who 
'  hath  made  me  a  King,  and  tied  me  to  the  Care 

*  of  Government,  by  that' politic  Marriage  be- 

<  twixt  me  and  my  People.     For  I  do  affureyou 

*  in  the  Heart  of  an  honeft  Man,  and  by  the  Faith 

*  of  a  Chriftian  King  (which  both  ye  and  all  the 

*  World  know  me  to  be)  had  thefe  Things  been 

*  complained  of  to  me  before  the  Parliament,  I 

*  would  have  done  the  Office  of  a  juft  King ;  and 
'  out  of  Parliament  have  punifhed  them  as  fevere- 

*  ly,  and  peradventure  more,  then  ye  now  intend 

*  to  do. 

'  But  now  that  they  are  difcovered  to  me  in 

*  Parliament,  I  fhall  be  as  ready  in  this  Way,  as 
'  I  (hould  have  been  in  the  other.     For  (I  con- 

•  *  fcfs)  I  am  afhamed  (thefe  Things  proving  fo,  as 

*  they  are  generally  reported  to  be)  that  it  was  not 

*  my  good  Fortune  to  be  the  only  Author  of  the 
'  Reformation  and  Puniflimentof  them,  by  fomc 

^  ordinary  Courts  of  Juilice.     Neverthelefs,  fincc 

<  thefe  Things  are  now  difcovered  by  Parliament, 
'  which  before  I  knew  not  of,  nor  could  fo  well 

*  be  difcovered  othcrwife,  in  regard  of  that  Rcprc- 

<  feouttvo 

{x}  V?  Wore,  ?.  5J4. 

which  comes  Ao.i9<Jsi»c«i. 
be  never        **»^' 

0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  a     377 

*  Tentative  Body  of  the  Kingdom* 

*  from-all  Parts  of  the  Country  ;  I 
'  a  whit  the  flower   to  do  my  Part  for  the  Exe- 
'  cution.     For,  as   many  of  you  that  are  here 

*  have  heard  me  often  fay,  fo  I  will  ftil]  fay  :  So 

*  precious  unto  me  is  the  Public  Good,  that  no 

*  private  Perfon  whatroever,  were  he  never  fij 
'  dear  uato  me,  fhall  be  fo  refpefled  by  me,  by  many 
'  Degrees,  as  the  PublicGood,not  only  of  the  whole 

*  Com  mon- Wealth,  bu  t  even  of  any  particuIarCor- 
'  porationrhal  isa  Memberof  it :  And  I  hope  that 
'  ye,  my  Lords,  will  do  me  that  Right  to  publifii 
'  to  my  People  this  my  Heart  and  Purpofe. 

*  The  fecond  Reafon  b,  That  I  intend  not  to 

*  derogate  or  infringe  any  of  the  Liberties  or  Pri- 

*  vileges  of  this  Houle,  but  rather  to  fortify  and 

*  ftrengthen  them.     For  never  any  King  hath 

*  done  fo  much  for  the  Nobility  of  EngUnd,  as  1 

*  have  done,  and  will  ever  be  ready  to  do.    And 

*  whatibever  I  fhall  now  fay  or  deliver  unto  you 

*  as  my  Thought,  yet  when  I  have  faid  what  I 

*  think,  1  will  afterwards  freely  leave  the  Judg- 

*  mcnt  wholly  to  your  Honfe.     I  know  ye  will 

*  do  nothing,  but  what  the  like  hath  been  done 

*  before :  And  I  pray  you  he  not  jealous,  that  I 

*  will  abridge  you  in  any  Thing  that  hath  been 

*  ufcd.    Fur  whatfoever  the  Precedents  in  Times 

*  of  good  Government  can  warrant,  1  will  allow. 

*  For  I  acknowledge  this  to  be  the  fupreme  Court 
'  of  Jufticc,  wherein  I  am  ever  prefent  by  Repre- 

*  ftnrauoa.  And  m  this  ye  may  be  the  better 
^  latisfied  by  my  own  Pre:ence,    coming  divers 

*  Times  amongll  you  :  Neither  can  I  give  you 
'  any  greater  A/Turance,  or  beUcr  Pledge  of  this 

*  my  Purpole.    then  that  I  have  done  you  the 

*  Honour  to  fet  my  only  Son  amon^  you;  and 
'  hope  that  yc,  with  him,  (hall  have  [l)e  JVleans  to 

*  make  this  the  hi;ppieft  Parliament  that  ever  was 

*  in  Evgland. 

*  This  1  profess,  and  take  Comfort  in,  that  the 

*  Houfe  of  Commons  at  ihls  Time  have  (hewed 

'  greater 

.  19  Jametl 

378    The  Parliamentary  Histort 

,'  greater  Love,  and  ufed  me  with  more  Rcipe^  in 
'  all  iheir  Proceedings,  iben  ever  any  Houfe  of 

*  Commons  have  lieretofore  Jone  .to  me,  or  (I 
'  think)  10  any  of  my  PredecciTors.    As  for  this 

*  Houfe  of  youra,  I  have  always  found  it  refpec- 
'  live  to  me  ;  and  acccordinj^Iy  do  I,  and  ever  did 

*  favour  you  as  ye  well  dcfei'vcd*     And  I  hope  it 

*  will  be  accounted  a  Happinefs  (or  you,  that  my 
'  Son  doth  now  fit  amon^ft  you,  who,  when  it 
'  ihall  pleafe  God  to  let  him  in  my  Phce,  will 

*  then  remcmb-r  that  he  was  once  a  Mt-mber  of 
'  your  Houfe.  and  fo  be  bound  to  m.iintnin  all 

*  your  lawful  Piivilcgi^s,  and  like  the  belter  of  you 
'  all  the  Days  of  his  Life.    But,  becAufe  the  World 

*  at  this  Time  talks  lb  much  of  Bribes,  I  have 

*  jjft  C-iufe  ro  fear,  the  whole  Body  of  this  Houfe 

*  hath  bribed  him  to  be  a  good  Inftrumcnt  for  you 
'  upiMi  all  Occafions :  He  doth  fo  good  Offices  In 
'  aii  his  Reports  to  nic,  both  for  the  Houfe  in  ge- 
'  ner:il,  And  the 
'  like  I  may  fiiyof  one  that  fils  there.  (Buikifig- 
'  ham)  He  hath  been  fo  ready  upon  all  Occa- 
*■  fion,s  to  do  good  Offices,  boih  for  the  Houfe  in 
'  general,  and  every  MemHer  thereof  in  pariitular. 
'  One  Proof  thereof,  I  hope  my  Lord  of  ArundiU 

*  hath  already  witiiefled  unio  you,  in  his  Report 

*  made  unto  you  of  my   Aniwer,  touching  the 

*  Prtvilejes  of  the  Nobility,  how  carncftly  he  fpakc 

*  unto  Me  in  thz:  Matter  (z). 

*  Now,  my  Lords,   the  Time  draws  near  of 

*  yourRerefs:  Whether  Formality  will  leaveyou 

*  Time  for  proceeding  now  to  Sentence  againlV 

*  all,  or  any  ihe  Perfons  now  in  Queftion,  I  know 
'  not.     But  Tor  my  Part,  fince  both  Houf;.'S  have 

*  dealt  fo  lovingly  and  freely  with  me,  in  giving 

*  me,  as  a  free  Gift,  two  SubfidJfsin  a  more  loving 

*  Manner  than  haih  been  given  to  any  King  be- 
'  fore,  and  fo  .icccplcd  by  me ;  and  fince  I  cannot 

*  yet  retribute  by  a  general  Pardoi",  which  hath  by 

*  Form  ufu^tly  been  refcrvcd  to 'the  End  of  a  Paz- 

*  liamcnt:  The  Icall  I  can  do  ^which  I  Ciin  for- 

'  bear 
(k.)  See  bcfwc,  p.  341. 


0/    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.     ^y^ 

*  bear  no  longer)  is  to  do  fomethingin  prcfent,  for  An..i9.j«moii. 

*  the  Good  and  Eafe  of  my  People.  ifia*. 
'  Three  Patents  at  this  Time  have  been  com- 

*  plained  of,  and  thought  great  Grievances : 

*  I.  That  of  the  Inns  and  Hofteries. 

*  s.  That  of  the  Alehoufes. 

*  3.  That  of  Gold  and  Silver-Thread. 

*  My  Purpofe  is  to  ftrike  them  all  dead,  and 

*  (that  Time  may  not  be  loft)  I  will  have  it  done 

*  prefently, 

'  That  concerning  the  Alehoufes,  I  would  have 
'  to  be  left  to  the  Managing  of  the  Juftices  of 

*  Peace,  as  before. 

'  That  of  Gold  and  Silver-Thread  was  moft 

*  vileiy  executed,  both  for  Wrongs  done  to  Men's 

*  Perfons,  asalfo  for  Abufe  in  the  Stuff;  for  it  was 

*  a  Kind  of  falfe  Coin.  I  have  already  freed  the 
'  Perfons  that  were  in  Prifon :  I  will  now  alfo 
'  damn  the  Patetit:  And  this  may  feem  inftead  of 

'  a  Pardon.     All  thefe  three  I  will  have  recalled. 
?  by  Proclamation,  and  wifh  you  to  advife  of  the 
'  fitted  Form  for  that  Purpofe. 

'  I  hear  alio  that  there  is  another  Bill  amongft 
'  you  againft  Informers :  Idefireyou,  my  Lords,.  * 

*  that  as  ye  tender  my  Honour,  and  the  Good  of 
'  my   People,    ye  will  put  that  BiH  to  an  End 

'  fo  foon  as  ye  can ;  and  at  your  next  Meeting  to 
'  make  it  one  of  your  firft  Works.  For  I  have 
already  (liewcd  my  DIflike  of  that  Kind  of  Peo- 
ple openly  in  Star-Chamber  •,  and  it  will  be  the 
greateft  Eafe  both  to  me,  and  all  ihofe  that  are 
near  about  me  at  Court,  that  may  be.  For  I 
remember,  that  fmce  the  Beginning  of  this  Par- 
liament, Buckingham  haih  told  me,  he  never 
found  fuch  Quiet  and  Reft,  as  in  this  Time  of 
Parliament,  from  Projeftorsand  Informers,  who 
at  other  Times  miferably  vexed  him  at  all 

•  And  now  I  cpnfefs,  tliat  when  I  looked  before 
upon  the  Face  of  the  Government,  I  thought 
(as  every  Man  would  have  done)  that  the  People 
were  never  lb  happy  as  in  my  Time*    For  even, 


jSo    TbeTarHamentaryHiSTOKY 

An.iS'J*'^'**  as  at  divers  Times  I  have  looked  upon  many  of 

itoi.       ,  jjjy  Coppices,  riding  about  them,  and  they  ap- 

■    '  pcared  on  the  ouifide  very  thick,  and  well  grown 

*  unto  me :  But  when  I  entered  into  the  Midft  of 

*  them,  I  found  them  all  bitten  within,  and  full 
'  of  PUin3  and  baic  Spois ;  like  2a\  Apple  or  Pear, 

*  fair  and  fmooth  without,  but  when  ye  cleave  it 

*  afunder,  ye  find  it  rouen  at  the  Heart :  Even  fo 
'  this  Kingdom,  the  external  Government  being 
'  as  good  as  ever  it  was,  and  I  am  fure  as  leirned 

*  Judges  as  ever  it  had  (and  I  hope  as  honcft)  ad- 

*  miniftring  ]uftice  within  it ;  and  for  Peace,  both 
'  at  Home  and  Abroad,  I  may  trjiy  fay,  more 

*  fettled,  and  longer  tailing,  than  ever  any  before, 
'  together  with  as  great  Plenty  as  ever:  So  as  it 
'  was  to  be  thought,  that  every  ^an  might  fit  in 
'  Safety  wder  his  own  Vine,  and  his  own  Fig- 

*  Tree:    Yet  I  am  afharacd,   and  it  makes  my 

*  Hair  ftand  uprioht,    to  confider,    how  in  this 

*  Time  my  People  have  been  vexed,  and  polled 
'  by  the  vi]e  Execution  of  Projects,  Patents,  Bills 
'  of  Conformity,  and  fuch  likej  which,  befides 
'  the  Trouble  of  my  People,  have  more  exhaulled 

*  their  Purfes,  than  Subfidies  would  have  done. 
*  Now,  my  Lords,  before  I  go  hence,  fince  God 

'  hath  made  me  the  Great  Judge  of  this  Land 

*  under  him :    And  that  I  muft  anfwer  for  the 

*  Jufticc  of  the  lame :  I  will  therefore  (according 

*  to  my  PUcc)  remember  you  of  fome  Things, 
«  though  I  would  not  teach  you.    For  no  Man's 

*  Knowledge  can  be  lb  good,  but  their  Memories 

*  will  be  the  belter  to  be  refreflied.  And  now  be- 
'  caufe  ye  are  coming  to  give  Judgment,  all  which 

*  moves  from  the  King,  that  you  may  the  better 
'  proceed,  lake  into  your  Care  two  Things:  Firft, 

*  10  do  Bonumy  Secondly,  next  to  do  it  Bene,     I 

*  call  Bonum,  when  all  is  well  proved,  whereupon 

*  ye  judge,  for  then  ye  build  upon  a  fure  Founda- 

*  tion :  And  by  Btnl  I  underftand,  that  ye  pro- 

*  ceed  with  all  Formality  aod  Legality  r  Wherein 

*  you  have  lit  Occ.ifion  to  adi  lie  with  the  Judges, 

*  w^JO  are  to  alDtl  you  with  tJieir  Opinions  in 

*  Cafes 

Of   ENGLAND.     381 

*  Gifcsof  that  Nature;  and  Woe  be  to  tlicm,  if  An.  19.  Jamah 

*  they  adviie  you  not  well.    So  the  Ground  t>eing       "'ai, 

*  good,  and  the  Form  orderly,  it  will  prove  a 

*  Courfe  fitting  this  High  Court  of  Parliament. 

*  In  Sentence  ye  are  to  obferve  two  Parts:  Firft, 
'  to  recolleft  that  which  is  worthy  of  judging  and 
'  cenfuring:    And  fecondly,    to  proceed  againft 

*  thele,  as  againft  fuch  like  Crimes  property.     We 

*  doubt  there  will  be  many  Matters  before  you, 

*  fome  complained  of  out  of  Paflion,  and  fome  out 
'  of  juft  Caule  of  Grievance.     Weigh  both  ;  but 

*  be  not  carried  away  with  the  impertinent  Dif- 

*  courfcs  of  them,  that  name  as  well  innocent 
'  Men,  as  guilty.  Let  your  Judgments  only 
'  take  hold  of  the  Guilty :  Proceed  judicially,  and 

*  fpare  none  where  ye  find  juft  Cafe  10  puniih: 
'  But  let  yoiir  Proceedings  be  according  to  Law. 

*  And  remember,  that  Laws  have  not  ihcirEycs  in 

*  their  Necks,  but  in  their  Foreheads.    For  the 

*  moral  Reafon  of  the  Punifhmcnt  of  Vices,  in 
'  ail  Kmgdoms  and  Common- Wealths,  is,becaufe 

*  of  the  Breach  of  Laws  ftanding  in  Force  \  for 

*  none  can  be  puniflied  for  Breach  of  Laws  by 

*  Predeftination,  before  ihcy  be  made. 

*  There  is  yet  one  Particular,  which  I  am  to 
'  remember  you  of.  I  Iiear  that  Sir  Hitiry  Yieher- 
'  ton  (who  IS  now  in  tlie  Towers  upon  a  Sentence 

*  given  in  the  S/flr-C/jum^fr  agatnft  him,  for  de- 

*  ceiving  my  Trurt)  is  touched  concerning  a  War- 

*  rant  dormant,    which  he  nude  while  he  waa 

*  my  Attorney  :    The  zvhiih  my  LgrdTrtaJurer(a) 

*  here^  tefufed  to  fet  his  Hand  unto^  Hie  an  bcmji 

*  Man-t  when  it  w/js  brought  unto  him  (i.)  I  protell, 
'  1  never  heard  of  this  Warrant  dormant  before, 

*  and  I  hold  ii  asodifusa  Matier,  asany  is  before 

*  you:  And  if,  for  Refpe*lt  to  me,  ye  have  for- 

*  born  to  meddle  with  hmi  in  Examination,  be- 

*  caufe 

{a)  Hairy  Meniata,  Vircount  Afaitrl/viSe.  He  had  been  be- 
fore Lord  Chief  Jutoce  of  E«ghnd,     Src  bh  ftm»fk*b!«  Speech 

upon  the  Suvplr.  AnH9if>Q\.t  in  Vu],  IV.  P.  448. The  Duke  of 

Mancbtjfer  is  linolly  dcfirendcd  fiom  thii  Branch  of  the  MatrlagH^z, 

{i)  Thii  pAflaEc  h  omitted  in  Riip%Btrth, 

552    fhe  Tar/iawetttaty  Histoky 

SSTi^.  Jameti.'  caufc  he  is  my  Prifoncr  ;  I  do  now  here  freely 
'**»•        '  remit  him  unto  yoij,and  put  him  imo  your  Hands. 
*  Ani  this  is  all  1  have  to  fay  unto  you,  at  this 
'  Time;  wifliing  you  to  proceed  juftly  and  nobly, 
^  according  to  the  Orders  of  your  Houfe:  And  1 
'  *  pray  God  to  bicfs  you  :  And  ye  may  alTure  your- 
'  felvcj  of  my  Afliftance ;  wifliing  that  what  I 

*  have  fdid  thi:i  Day,  amongft  you,  may  be  entered 

*  into  the  Records  of  this  Houfe.' 

Which  gives 
gnat  Sjtiuac- 

The  King  having  ended  his  Speech,  the  Lords 
conceived  fo  much  Joy  thereat ;  that  they  ordered 
the  whole  Houfe  to  go  to  him,    at  One  in  the 
Afternoon,  with  Iheirmoft  humble  Thanks  for  ir. 
The  CoHcclion  of  Offences  rind  Abuics,  com- 
mitted by  Sir  GiUs  Alomp^Jfcti^  In  the  three  Patents 
wiiich  were  gran'ed  to  him,  bcina;  all  read :  It  was 
refolvcd  by  the  whole  Houfe,  '  That  ii  did  appear 
to  the  Lords,  and  they  were  fully  iatisficd,  Sir  Gila 
'Momptjjm  had  erc^ed  a  Court  without  Warrant ; 
and,  alfo,   that  he  unprifoned  the  King's  Subjci^h 
and  exafled  Bon'is  frt<m  them  by  Threats,  with- 
out Warrant  ;  and,  afterwards,  by  undue  Pradlices, 
procured  a  Proclamation  And  othi-r  Warrants  to  co- 
lour fuch  his  Doinjrs.     And  yet  \\\a\  he  executed 
all  iheic  Ills,  and  tcia<:fl  the  Gtods  of  divers  Pcrlbns, 
contrary  to  fuch  Authority,    !b  unduly  procured 
by  him.     That  he  neither  paid  the  lol.  refervcd 
Rent  to  (he  King,    nor  brought  in  the  5O00L  of 
Further  Progr*^  Bullion  yearly,  as  he  pretended  and  covenanted  to 
in  tticT.iaiof  have  doHe.    And  that  all  his  other  Offences  and 
^^""K«Mam- Abufes  had  been  fully  proved  ag;iinft  him.' 
^  '  ""*  '  Hereupon  it  was  agreed, '  TMt  the  Lords  wcuW 

give  Sentence  agp.inft  Sir  GUn  MompeJJm^  in  ihclr 
Robes,  in  the  Afternoon.  The  Lord  Admii-al-, 
Buckinghiwu  dcfired  to  becxcufed  if  he  fhould  be 
abfcnt;  but  he  gave  his  Aflent  to  their  LorJfliips 
Ccnfufe  of  the  faid  Sir  Giles-,  afnrming.  That  he 
had  highly  abufed  the  King, and  alfo  bimfelf,  more 
than  nny  other  Lord  of  that  Houle.' 

Pojl  Meridifm,  The  whole  Houfe  met  again,  in 
vhich  were  prefent  the  Prince  of  I^aifSj  the  two 


0/*   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.      383 

Archbifiiops,  the  Bifhop  of  Durham,  anJ  fifteen *"• '9- J*™"'* 
othei  Bifliopa ;  the  Lord  Chief  JufliccZo',  as  Chan-       '  **' 
cellor,  with  twcnty-thfec  Earls  and  Vifcounts,  and 
twenty  Barons. 

The  Lords  being  in  their  Robes,  in  order  to  give 
Sentence  ngainfl  the  Offender,  it  was  much  deba- 
ted firft,  amongft  them,  what  Piinifhment  Sir 
G'j/t'i  Mo7npe[Tan  d^fcrved  for  hishigh  Crimes  :  And, 
bccaulc  ihc  Pi.nilhmcni  inflicted  heretofore  on  £m- 
pjon  and  Dually  w^s  much  fpoken  of»  the  Lords 
defiled  to  hear  their  lndi£lmert8. 

The  Indi(itrnent  of  Richard  Empfin^  taken  at 
N^rthamptcn^  A  \^  Hift.  VIII.  was  reads  by 
which  it  was  obfcrvcd.  That  the  faid  Empfin  was 
indiilcd  for  Trcalon  againft  the  King.  'I  he  At- 
torney General  alfo  ccnified  to  ihcir  Lordfhips,  that 
Dudley  was  indii^tcd,  in  London^  for  Trcafi>n. 

But  to  the  End  that  ihcfe  Matters  might  be  more 
freely  diicufled.  And  what  Punishment  was  fit  to 
be  infltfted  on  the  Offender,  the  Houle  adjourned 
ad  lAbitum,  the  Lord  Chief  Juftice  moving  to 
his  Place  of  Afliftance  ;  when,  after  a  long  Debate, 
the  Lords  agreed  upon  a  Judgment  againft  Sir 
GiUs:  f  he  Eari  of  ^^rawfiW  obfcrving.  That  their 
Lordfliips  might  proceed  againlt  him  hereafter,  if 
more  Matter,  or  Matter  of  a  higher  Nature,  was 
found  out. 

AccDrdin?:iy  a  Meffjge  wr-s  fent  from  the  Lords 
to  the  Commons,  '  Ihat  if  ibev  and  their  Speaker, 
according  to  the  anliciu  Cuftum  of  Parliaments, 
come  to  demand  of  the  Lords,  that  Judgment  be 
given  againft  Sir  (jiki  McfnpeJi<>Ht  for  the  heinous 
Ofitmces  by  him  commiitcd,  thty  fhall  be  heard- 
Alfo  that  the  Loidideiirt:  a  Contcrcnte  with  ihtm, 
in  the  Painted  Clximbi-r,    lo-murrow  Morning.' 

Aniwcr  rirtuni'd,  '  Thit  they  would  come  lo 
demand  Judgmcnl ;  and  th;tt  ihcy  agreed  lo  the 

In  the  mean  Time  the  Lord  Trcafurer  reported, 
'  That,  according  to  the  Order  of  the  Houle  made 
this  Morning,  the  Prince's  Hijihncfs,  accompanied 
with  many  Lords,  did  present  unto  his  Majcfty  moll 


384   The  Parliamentary  History 

Ms.  19.  JimMi.  humble  Thanks  for  his  Majcfty's  moll  gracious 

ifai.       Speech  to  the  Lords  that  Morning  ;  which  Thanks, 

with  the  Manner  of  prcfcniing  the  lame,  was  moll 

The  King**  An- joyfully  accepted  by  him,  as  heexpreflcd  in  many 

Tblnki^oMhs  Icind  and  favourable  Words;  adding,  TAd/ /^ /.cr^j 

Houreuf  Lord}.  W  taken  the  right  if^ay  to  catch  a  King,  by  Jpeak- 

ing  to  him  by  his  Son* 

The  Knights,  Citizens,  and  Burgefles  of  the 
Houfe  of  Commons*  with  their  Speaker,  being 
come  up  to  the  Bar,  the  Speaker  repeated  the 
lall  MelVage  which  the  Lords  had  fent  unto  them, 
and  laid,  '  The  Commons,  by  mc,  their  Speaker, 
demand  Judgment  againft  Sir  GiUi  Mompejfont 
as  the  Heinoufnefs  of  his  Offences  doth  require.* 
The  Lord  Cliief  Juft